Daniel F. Muzyka is a Professor of Management at The University of British Columbia's Sauder School of Business, he is the former Chief Executive Officer of The Conference Board of Canada. He is former Chair of the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, he was the Dean and the RBC Financial Group Professor of Entrepreneurship at the University of British Columbia's Sauder School of Business. Prior to 1999, Muzyka taught and held senior administrative positions at a number of universities and institutions, including the Harvard Business School, INSEAD, Babson College, Northeastern University, Wharton School and Williams College. Muzyka has extensive experience in academics and public policy and has participated on a number of boards of companies, venture capital funds, as well as not-for-profit and government organizations and committees, he worked in industry with General Electric in finance and strategy and was a strategy consultant with Braxton Associates. In addition, he has been a board member and consultant to several other business and not-for-profit organizations, including Vice Chair and a public director of the Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada, the Vancouver Board of Trade, Graduate Management Admissions Council, New Ventures B.
C. and the European Venture Capital Association. Muzyka chaired NSERC's Expert Advisory Committee on Innovation. Muzyka serves or has served on various government councils, including task forces in Europe and North America. In British Columbia, he has served on the B. C. Competition Council, the B. C. Premier's Technology Council, among others. Muzyka holds a Doctorate of Business Administration from Harvard University, an MBA with concentration in Strategic Planning from the University of Pennsylvania, a BA with Honours in Physics and Astronomy from Williams College, he has been awarded the National Order of Merit by the Government of France
Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce
The Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce referred to as CIBC, is one of the "Big Five" banks in Canada. The bank is headquartered at Commerce Court in Ontario. CIBC's Institution Number is 010, its SWIFT code is CIBCCATT, it is one of the two major banks founded in Toronto alongside Toronto-Dominion Bank. The Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce was formed through the June 1, 1961, merger of the Canadian Bank of Commerce and the Imperial Bank of Canada, the largest merger between chartered banks in Canadian history; the bank has four strategic business units: Canadian Personal and Small Business Banking, Canadian Commercial Banking and Wealth Management, U. S. Commercial Banking and Wealth Management, Capital Markets, it has international operations in the United States, the Caribbean and Europe. Globally, CIBC serves more than eleven million clients, has over 40,000 employees; the company ranks at number 172 on the Forbes Global 2000 listing. In 2012, CIBC was named the strongest bank in North America and the 3rd strongest bank in the world by Bloomberg Markets magazine.
William McMaster founded the Canadian Bank of Commerce which opened on May 15, 1867, in Toronto as competition for the Bank of Montreal. The Imperial Bank of Canada opened in Toronto on March 18, 1875, founded by former Commerce Vice-president Henry Stark Howland. By the end of 1895, the Canadian Bank of Commerce had grown to 58 branches and the Imperial Bank of Canada to 18; the 1896 gold strike in the Yukon prompted the Dominion Government to ask the Canadian Bank of Commerce to open a branch in Dawson City. Acquisitions in the 1920s caused the Commerce Bank to become one of the strongest branch networks in Canada with over 700 local branches. Wood, Gundy & Company, the precursor of CIBC's investment banking arm, opened its doors on February 1, 1905. During World War I, it took a active role in the organization of Victory Loans; the Canadian Bank of Commerce opened its new head office in Toronto in 1931. An observation gallery on the 32nd floor attracted visitors who could get an aerial view of the city.
In 1936, the Commerce was the first Canadian bank to establish a personal loans department. Following World War II, both banks opened new branches. Although the banks had been barred from the mortgage business since 1871, the Canadian government now called upon them to provide mortgage services. So, in 1954, Canadian banks started offering mortgages for new construction. In 1960, Imperial chairman Stuart Mackersy approached Neil McKinnon, the president of the Commerce, with a proposal to merge the two banks; this followed a decade of expansion in the Canadian economy and Canada's capitalization of the industrialization of its natural resources. They reached a deal between the two banks. On June 1, 1961, the Canadian Bank of Commerce and the Imperial Bank of Canada merged to form the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce with over 1,200 branches across Canada; the new bank possessed the most branches of any bank in the country. In 1964, the bank operated a floating branch using the passenger vessel MV Jean Brilliant along the north shore of the St. Lawrence River in Quebec, billed as the only floating branch in Canada for 5000 customers.
Following the merger, the new bank commissioned a new head office. While planning to retain Commerce Court North, the bank hired architect I. M. Pei to design a three-building complex; the result was Commerce Court consisting of a landscaped courtyard complementing the existing building and included the newly built 786 ft Commerce Court West. When completed in 1973, the 57-storey building was the tallest in Canada, the largest stainless-steel-clad building in the world. In 1967, both Canada and CIBC celebrated their centenaries and CIBC was the only chartered bank to have a branch on-site at Expo 67. At this time computerization began to change banking services and the Yonge and Bloor branch in Toronto was the first Canadian bank branch to update customer bank books via computer; this marked the introduction of inter-branch banking. Before the decade was out, CIBC had introduced the first 24-hour cash dispenser, which would become the ATM. Changes to federal and provincial regulations ending the separation of banks, investment dealers, trust companies and insurance companies came in 1987.
CIBC took advantage of this and became the first Canadian bank to operate an investment dealer, CIBC Securities, offering services to the public. In 1988, CIBC acquired a majority interest in Wood Gundy which brought a well-respected name and reputation in underwriting. Shortly thereafter, the corporation merged Wood Gundy and CIBC Securities under the name CIBC Wood Gundy which became CIBC Oppenheimer in 1997 and CIBC World Markets. In 1992, CIBC introduced automated telephone banking. In 1998, CIBC joined with Loblaws to create President's Choice Financial which it launched in 28 Ottawa area stores. CIBC agreed to merge with the Toronto-Dominion Bank in 1998; however the Government of Canada, at the recommendation of Finance Minister Paul Martin, blocked the merger – as well as another proposed by the Bank of Montreal with the Royal Bank of Canada – as not in the best interest of Canadians. CIBC sold its corporate and purchasing credit card business to U. S. Bank Canada in October 2006 which joined it with business charge cards it acquired from Royal Bank of Canada.
In 2006, the stock ticker symbol on the New York S
Ernest Charles Manning, a Canadian politician, was the eighth premier of Alberta between 1943 and 1968 for the Social Credit Party of Alberta. He served longer than any other premier in the province's history and was the second longest serving provincial premier in Canadian history, he was the only member of the Social Credit Party of Canada to sit in the Senate and, with the party shut out of the House of Commons in 1980, was its last representative in Parliament when he retired from the Senate in 1983. Manning was born in Carnduff, Saskatchewan, in 1908 to English immigrants George Henry Manning and Elizabeth Mara Dixon, was raised on a farm. A devoted listener of the evangelistic radio broadcasts of future Premier William Aberhart, Manning enrolled in Aberhart's Calgary Prophetic Bible Institute in 1927, becoming the first graduate of that institution. In 1930, Manning himself began speaking on the Prophetic Bible Institute's Back to the Bible Hour radio broadcasts to a large audience across Canada, a practice as an evangelist he kept up throughout his life while in politics, including his terms as premier.
In 1936, Manning married Muriel Aileen Preston, the pianist at the Prophetic Bible Institute, with William Aberhart giving the bride away. They had two sons, Keith who died in 1986, Ernest Preston who founded the Reform Party of Canada. Ernest and Preston have both been honoured as Companions of the Order of Canada. In the 1935 provincial election, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta as a Social Credit MLA from Calgary; the Socreds won an unexpected victory in that election, Manning became Alberta's Provincial Secretary and Minister of Trade and Industry. In 1940, he was elected from Edmonton. In 1943, he became Socred premier of Alberta after Aberhart died. Under Manning, the party abandoned social credit theories. Manning had been a loyal supporter of Aberhart from the beginning, so it is not clear why he was so willing to abandon his party's traditional ideology. One explanation may have been pragmatic. However, Manning twice honoured Aberhart's 1935 promise to issue a Prosperity Certificate to Albertans.
In 1957, his government announced a $20 Alberta Oil Royalty Dividend and issued a $17 dividend the next year. The policy was criticized and, the next year, Manning agreed to use oil royalties on public works and social programs instead. Manning sought to purge anti-Semitic influences from the party. Anti-Semitism had long been a staple of Socred rhetoric, but became less fashionable after World War II. Manning, continued Social Credit's conservative social policies. For many years, airplanes could not serve alcohol while flying over the province. Under Manning, Alberta became a virtual one-party province, he led Social Credit to seven consecutive election victories between 1944 and 1967 with more than 50% of the popular vote and only once having to face more than 10 opposition MLAs. The height of his popularity came in 1963, when the Socreds campaigned under the slogan "63 in'63"—i.e. a clean sweep of the 63-seat legislature. They fell short of that goal, but still reduced the opposition to only three MLAs—two Liberals and one running with the support of both the Liberals and Progressive Conservatives—in total.
It is still the biggest majority government, in terms of percentage of seats won, in Alberta's history. Social Credit's electoral success was based in part on what was viewed as its good government of the province. However, an ominous sign came during Manning's last victory, when the once-moribund Progressive Conservatives led by Peter Lougheed won six seats in Calgary and Edmonton. More the PCs did well enough across the rest of the province to hold Social Credit to 45 percent of the vote, its lowest vote share since 1940. Despite its longstanding popularity, Social Credit was a rural-based party, never lost that essential character, it never adapted to the changes in Alberta as its two largest cities gained increasing influence, though Manning himself represented urban ridings for his entire career. Manning retired in 1968, Social Credit was knocked out of office three years later, it has never come within sight of power again. By the time Manning left the legislature, only he, Alfred Hooke, William Tomyn were left from the original 1935 caucus.
Of that trio, Hooke was the only MLA to see the government right through from its beginning to its end in 1971. Manning used his strong provincial standing to influence the federal Socreds, he told the 1961 federal leadership convention that Alberta would never accept francophone Catholic Real Caouette of Quebec as the party's leader though Caouette led the party's strongest branch east of Manitoba. Robert Thompson of Alberta won the election, although Manning's objections to Caouette led to suspicions that the vote was fixed. Indeed, Caouette claimed that he had enough support to win, but the Quebec delegates all voted for Thompson after Manning told him, "Tell your people to vote for Thompson because the West will never accept a Roman Catholic French Canadian leader."By this time, all but four members of the Social Credit federal caucus came from Quebec. In 1963 all of the Socred MPs from Quebec followed Caouette into the Ralliement des créditistes, leaving behind a Social Credit rump in English Canada.
Afterwards, Manning did not provide much support to Thompson's tiny caucus and, being concerned with the leftw
Michael Wilson (Canadian politician)
Michael Holcombe Wilson, was a Canadian businessman and diplomat. He was the Chairman of Barclays Capital Canada Inc. from May 2010 until his death in February of 2019. He was a Bay Street investment executive when he was elected to the House of Commons of Canada as a Progressive Conservative Member of Parliament in the 1979 general election, he served in various portfolios in the governments of Joe Clark and Brian Mulroney between 1979 and 1993. He was the Canadian Ambassador to the United States from 2006 until 2009, when he was succeeded by Gary Doer. Born in Toronto, Wilson was the son of Constance L. and Harry Holcombe Wilson. Wilson attended Upper Canada College and Trinity College at the University of Toronto, where he joined the Kappa Alpha Society. Wilson was a candidate at the 1983 Progressive Conservative leadership convention, he tried to woo young delegates by having the rock group Spoons perform on his behalf. He dropped off after the first ballot and urged his supporters to vote for Brian Mulroney, the eventual winner.
Mulroney appointed Wilson as Minister of Finance when the party formed a government after the 1984 election. Wilson reformed the tax system to broaden the tax base and lower tax rates, removing many special tax provisions, helped negotiate the Canada–United States Free Trade Agreement, he announced the Goods and Services Tax in his 1989 budget, a tax introduced in 1990, still in place today and is considered a necessary source of federal income, despite being unpopular with consumers. In 1991, after seven years as Minister of Finance, Wilson became Minister of Industry and Technology and Minister of International Trade. In that role, he participated in negotiating the North American Free Trade Agreement. Wilson was not a candidate in the 1993 election, he returned to Bay Street to head his own consulting and financial services firm, he rejoined Royal Bank of Canada, he was Chairman and CEO of RT Capital when that business was sold to UBS AG. Wilson served as Chairman of UBS Canada from 2001 to 2006.
In recent years, he was a spokesman for a lobby group promoting public–private partnerships, he was the Chairman of the Canadian Coalition for Good Governance. From 2003 to 2007, Wilson served as the Chancellor of Trinity College. In July 2012, he became the Chancellor of the University of Toronto, he was re-elected to an additional three-year term in 2015. Wilson was a mental health advocate, having lost a son to suicide. Wilson established the Cameron Parker Holcombe Wilson Chair in Depression Studies at the University of Toronto, he sat on the board of directors for the Mental Health Commission of Canada. Wilson was active in many other organizations, including the NeuroScience Canada Partnership, the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, the Canadian Cancer Society, the Canadian Council for Public-Private Partnerships, the Loran Scholars Foundation, the Canadian Coalition for Good Governance and the Canadian Institutes of Health Research. On 30 October 2003, Wilson was appointed as an Officer of the Order of Canada.
He was promoted to Companion of the Order of Canada in 2010. On 9 April 2015, it was announced that Wilson was appointed as the new board chair of the Mental Health Commission of Canada, he was a member of the Trilateral Commission. On 16 February 2006, Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced the nomination of Wilson as Ambassador of Canada to the United States of America, he succeeded Frank McKenna in Washington, D. C. Wilson became the 22nd Canadian Ambassador to the United States on 13 March 2006, when U. S. President George W. Bush accepted his credentials. In March 2008, it was alleged that Wilson told the Canadian media that U. S. presidential candidate Barack Obama was not serious about his promise to opt out of the North American Free Trade Agreement. Liberal MP Navdeep Bains called on Wilson to step down as Canada's ambassador to Washington while the alleged leaks were investigated. Wilson publicly acknowledged that he spoke to then-CTV reporter Tom Clark, who first reported the leaks, before the story aired, but he refused to discuss what was said.
Wilson was married to Margie Wilson and was predeceased by son Cameron, who suffered from depression and committed suicide in 1995. Following his son's death, Wilson devoted considerable time to advocate for mental health; the couple had two other children: son Geoff Wilson and daughter Lara O'Brien, both of whom married and have children. Wilson died from cancer on February 10, 2019. Michael Wilson – Parliament of Canada biography "Alumni Portraits: Michael Wilson". University of Toronto. "About the Chancellor". University of Toronto
The Conference Board
The Conference Board, Inc. is a 501 non-profit business membership and research group organization. It counts 1,200 public and private corporations and other organizations as members, encompassing 60 countries; the Conference Board convenes conferences and peer-learning groups, conducts economic and business management research, publishes several tracked economic indicators. The organization was founded in 1916 as the National Industrial Conference Board. At the time, tensions between labor and management in the United States were seen as explosive in the wake of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in 1911 and the Ludlow Massacre in 1914. In 1915 presidents of twelve major corporations in the United States and six leading industry associations met in Yama, New York to formulate the business community’s response to continued labor unrest and growing public criticism. After additional crisis meetings, the National Industrial Conference Board was founded May 5, 1916, at the Hotel Gramatan in Bronxville, New York.
Although many of the organizations’ founders—including former AT&T president Frederick P. Fish and General Electric executive Magnus W. Alexander, its first president—had supported the open-shop movement, by 1916 they regarded national unions such as the American Federation of Labor as permanent fixtures of the American economy, urged negotiation and concord; when the United States entered World War I in 1917, the National War Labor Board formed by President Woodrow Wilson asked the NICB to formulate plans that would keep war industries running and strife-free. Its recommendations—based on cooperation between representatives of employers and government—were adopted in full. During and after the war, the NCIB conducted pioneering research into workers' compensation laws and the eight-hour workday, established the U. S. Cost of Living Index. Though mistrusted in its early years as an “employers union” funding studies against the labor movement, the non-profit NICB was seen “as a spokesman for the so-called progressive wing of the business community produced hundreds of research reports on economic and social issues facing the United States.”The organization today remains funded by the contributions of members Fortune 500 companies.
By the 1930s, however, it had lost most of its character as an industry lobby. Virgil Jordan, a writer and economist who replaced Alexander as president on the latter’s death in 1932, established a Bureau of Economic Audit and Control to offer members and the public an independent source of studies on unemployment, pensions and related issues in the midst of the Great Depression, when many questioned the credibility of the government’s economic statistics. Unions soon joined the NICB alongside corporations for access to its research and executive network; the organization is now considered an unbiased “trusted source for statistics and trends, second only to the U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics”. After World War II, The Conference Board—the shortened name adopted in 1970—expanded to non-U. S. Members for the first time. Today, it has offices in Brussels, Mumbai, Hong Kong, Singapore; the Conference Board of Canada was spun off as an independent non-profit in 1981. The Conference Board publishes a number of regular indicators for United States and international economies that are tracked by investors and policy makers.
They include: U. S. Consumer Confidence Index – Begun by The Conference Board in 1967, this monthly survey of 5,000 households is established as the leading measure of American consumer confidence. Results from the household survey are tabulated to provide a barometer of the U. S. economy. Leading Economic Indexes – In the 1960s, the U. S. Department of Commerce began researching and releasing business cycle indicators, which use composite data points to time economic expansions and recoveries. In December 1995, The Conference Board took over the business indicator program from the government and continues to publish leading and trailing indexes for the U. S. economy each month. After going private, the program was expanded to other countries. Employment Trends Index – Created in 2008, the Employment Trends Index aggregates eight separate indicators and “offers a short-term, forward look at employment gives economists and investors a new forecasting tool, it helps business executives sharpen their short- to medium-term hiring and compensation planning.”
Help Wanted OnLine – The Help Wanted OnLine program uses crawler technology to survey job openings posted on 1,000 online job boards. The monthly data series compares labor supply against demand to determine the tightness of the job market for individual metro areas and occupation categories; the online program is the successor of the Help Wanted Advertising Index, which surveyed print newspaper ads. CEO Confidence Survey – The quarterly Measure of CEO Confidence gauges the outlook of chief executives in their own industries and the economy as a whole; the organization releases regular global and regional growth outlooks and commentaries on economic news. In 2008, The Conference Board named Professor Bart van Ark of the University of Groningen as its first non-U. S. Chief economist. In addition to research reports, The Conference Board organizes conferences, leadership events, professional peer networks, it is a leading source of knowledge about cor
A convention, in the sense of a meeting, is a gathering of individuals who meet at an arranged place and time in order to discuss or engage in some common interest. The most common conventions are based upon industry and fandom. Trade conventions focus on a particular industry or industry segment, feature keynote speakers, vendor displays, other information and activities of interest to the event organizers and attendees. Professional conventions focus on issues of concern along with advancements related to the profession; such conventions are organized by societies or communities dedicated to promotion of the topic of interest. Fan conventions feature displays and sales based on pop culture and guest celebrities. Science fiction conventions traditionally partake of the nature of both professional conventions and fan conventions, with the balance varying from one to another. Conventions exist for various hobbies, such as gaming or model railroads. Conventions are planned and coordinated in exacting detail, by professional meeting and convention planners, either by staff of the convention's hosting company or by outside specialists.
Most large cities will have a convention center dedicated to hosting such events. The term MICE—meetings Incentives Conventions and Exhibitions—is used in Asia as a description of the industry; the Convention is one of the most dynamic elements in the M. I. C. E. Segment; the industry is regulated under the tourism sector. In the technical sense, a convention is a meeting of representatives; the 1947 Newfoundland National Convention is a classic example of a state-sponsored political convention. More organizations made up of smaller units, chapters, or lodges, such as labor unions, honorary societies, fraternities and sororities, meet as a whole in convention by sending delegates of the units to deliberate on the organization's common issues; this applies to a political convention, though in modern times the common issues are limited to selecting a party candidate or party chairman. In this technical sense, a congress, when it consists of representatives, is a convention; the British House of Commons is a convention, as are most other houses of a modern representative legislature.
The National Convention or just "Convention" in France comprised the constitutional and legislative assembly which sat from September 20, 1792 to October 26, 1795. The governing bodies of religious groups may be called conventions, such as the General Convention of the Episcopal Church USA and the Southern Baptist Convention. Many sovereign states have provisions for conventions besides their permanent legislature; the Constitution of the United States of America has a provision for the calling of a constitutional convention, whereby delegates of the states are summoned to a special meeting to amend or draft the constitution. This process has never occurred, save for the original drafting of the constitution, although it happened in several cases; the US Constitution has provisions for constitutional amendments to be approved by state conventions of the people. This occurred to ratify the original constitution and to adopt the twenty-first amendment, which ended prohibition. Con is a common abbreviation for convention, some conventions use it in their names.
When two or more conventions are held at the same place and time they are co-located. Co-located conventions are in related industries. Academic conference Annual general meeting Business travel Caucus Convention center Delegate Event planning Forum Summit Symposium Seminar Workshop Event Convention Congress
Sylvia Ostry, is a high-ranking Canadian economist and former public servant. She was educated at the University of Cambridge. Born Sylvia Knelman in Winnipeg, Manitoba on June 3, 1927, she received a Bachelor of Arts in economics from McGill University in 1948, a Master of Arts from McGill in 1950, earned her Ph. D. from Girton College, Cambridge in 1954. After studying at the University of Cambridge, she was a lecturer at McGill, becoming an assistant professor from 1952 to 1955, becoming Associate Professor at the Université de Montréal from 1962 to 1964.. From 1972 to 1975, Ostry was Chief Statistician of Canada at Statistics Canada. From 1975 to 1978, Ostry was Deputy Minister and Corporate Affairs. From 1978 to 1979, she was Economic Council of Canada. From 1979 to 1983, she was Head of the Department of Economics and Statistics of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris. From 1984 to 1985 she was Deputy Minister, International Trade, Coordinator, International Economic Relations.
In 1986 Ostry became a member of the influential Washington-based financial advisory body, the Group of Thirty. From 1991 to 1996, she was University of Waterloo. In 1997 she was appointed Chancellor University of Waterloo. From 1990 to 1997, she was Chair of the University of Toronto's Centre for International Studies. Since he has been a Distinguished Research Fellow there, she was married to the late Bernard Ostry, by whom she has two children, Adam Ostry and Jonathan D. Ostry. In 1972 she was elected as a Fellow of the American Statistical Association In 1978 she was made an Officer of the Order of Canada In 1987 she received the Government of Canada Outstanding Achievement Award In 1990 she was promoted to Companion of the Order of Canada. In 1991 she was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada In 2009 she was made a Member of the Order of Manitoba. In 2010 she was awarded The Couchiching Award for Public Policy Leadership Ostry was awarded 18 honorary Doctorate of Laws degrees from: University of New Brunswick in 1971 York University in 1971 McGill University in 1972 University of Western Ontario in 1973 McMaster University in 1973 University of British Columbia in 1973 Queen's University in 1975 Brock University in 1975 Mount Allison University in 1975 Acadia University in 1981 American College of Switzerland in 1983 University of Winnipeg in 1984 University of Manitoba in 1986 Concordia University in 1986 University of Windsor in 1987 University of Waterloo in 1997 a Doctorate of Management Sciences from University of Ottawa in 1976 a Doctorate of Letters from Laurentian University in 1977In 1997, a lecture series was begun in her honour by Sadako Ogata, UN High Commissioner for Refugees.
Some of the lectures in the series were published in a book in 2003. Summitry: The Medium and the Message. Bissell Paper No. 3. Toronto: University of Toronto, Centre for International Studies, 1988 Canada and the Economic Summits. Paper presented at the All-European Canadian Studies Conference, The Hague, October 24–27, 1990. Unpublished in print Globalization and the G8: could Kananaskis set a new direction?. O. D. Skelton Memorial Lecture, Queen's University, March 2002. Unpublished in print Ostry at Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia JWA, by Michael Brown, 2009 "Canadian Who's Who 1997". Retrieved May 25, 2006