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Congener (chemistry)

In chemistry, congeners are related chemical substances "related to each other by origin, structure, or function". Any significant quantity of a polyhalogenated compound is by default a blend of multiple molecule types because each molecule forms independently, chlorine and bromine do not select which site they bond to. Polychlorinated biphenyls are a family of 209 congeners. Polybrominated biphenyls and polychlorinated diphenyl ethers are families of 209 congeners. Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins, polychlorinated dibenzofurans, polychlorinated terphenyls, polychlorinated naphthalene, polychloro phenoxy phenol, polybrominated diphenyl ethers, etc.. Congener, substances other than alcohol produced during fermentation. Congeners of oleic acids can modify cell membrane behavior, protecting against tumors or having effects on blood pressure. Congeners can refer to similar compounds that substitute other elements with similar valences, yielding molecules having similar structures. Examples: potassium chloride and sodium chloride may be considered congeners.

Example: hydrogen peroxide, hydrogen thioperoxide, hydrogen disulfide. Structural analogs are isoelectronic. Congeners refer to the various oxidation states of a given element in a compound. For example, titanium chloride, titanium chloride, titanium chloride may be considered congeners. Congeners can refer to other elements in the same group in the periodic table. For example, congeners of the Group 11 element copper are silver and gold, sometimes found together in the same ores due to their chemical similarity

Strange Nature (film)

Strange Nature is a 2018 independent ecothriller film written and directed by special-effects artist Jim Ojala in his directorial debut. Inspired by a real-life pandemic of mass frog deformities discovered in Minnesota, the plot of Strange Nature follows a former pop star and her young son moving to rural Minnesota to reconnect with her estranged father, only to find themselves in danger when the mutations begin infecting animals and humans; the film features an ensemble cast that includes Stephen Tobolowsky, Carlos Alazraqui, John Hennigan, Tiffany Shepis. Shot in Minnesota in the summer of 2014, Strange Nature spent several years in post-production before making its theatrical debut in September 2018, where it was met with mixed critical reviews. Based on a true unsolved ecological mystery, thousands of hideously deformed frogs have turned up in the waters of Minnesota; as seen through the eyes of a one-hit wonder, single mother and her 11-year-old son, a small town struggles with the unknown when the deadly mutations move beyond the ponds.

Lisa Sheridan as Kim Sweet Bruce Bohne as Chuck Jonah Beres as Brody John Hennigan as Sam Carlos Alazraqui as Greg Stephen Tobolowsky as Mayor Paulson Tiffany Shepis as Tina Stevens David Mattey as Joseph Chalet Lizette Brannan as Michelle Faust Checho as Trent Angela Duffy as Judy Justen Overlander as Larry In August 1995, a group of students on a field trip discovered hundreds of deformed frogs occupying a pond near Henderson, Minnesota. These deformities consisted of missing or extra limbs, misplaced eyes, misshapen jaws, spinal defects, among other conditions. By 1996, mutated frogs had been reported in 35 US states and three Canadian provinces, including nearly three-quarters of Minnesota's 87 counties. From 1998 to 2000, the Minnesota governor and legislature gave the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency funding to study frog deformities, they worked with scientists and researchers from the University of Minnesota, the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, the United States Geological Survey, the National Wildlife Health Center, the United States Environmental Protection Agency to investigate the problem.

Despite this, no conclusive answer as to what was causing the deformities was found, in July 2001, funding for the study was withdrawn. Writer-director Jim Ojala, a native of Duluth, followed the events of the frog mutations as they occurred; as Ojala progressed in his career as a filmmaker and special-effects artist and populations of deformed frogs continued to grow worldwide, he drew upon the mutations as the basis for his feature-film debut, surprised that a movie or documentary had never been made about the subject. Ojala wrote the screenplay for Strange Nature in the early-to-mid-2000s, has cited William Souder's 2000 non-fiction book A Plague of Frogs as a major source of the movie's scientific facts and theories. During preproduction, Ojala consulted with several leading ecologists on the deformed frog phenomenon, one of whom was so supportive of the film that they supplied the production with actual deformed frogs that were used in several scenes. According to Ojala, he pitched Strange Nature as "Erin Brockovich...with monsters".

Several producers showed interest in the project, though many of them voiced skepticism over Ojala's insistence on shooting in and using cast and crew from Minnesota, preferring to film in more used locations such as Louisiana or Bulgaria. Some producers felt at odds with the unusual dramatic and realism ground tone of the script and requested rewrites to fit more conventional horror or science-fiction tropes: "One producer said I should end the movie with the reason for the deformities being aliens", Ojala recalled, "I never talked to that producer again". To retain more creative control over the film, a Kickstarter campaign was launched to help independently finance a portion of Strange Nature, setting a goal of $45,000. Due to Ojala's reputation in the film industry as a special-effects artist, the campaign was promoted by such prominent horror publication as Fangoria and met its goal, raising a total of $46,088. Casting for Strange Nature took place between June and July 2014, with several principal roles filled by local Minnesota actors.

For the role of Mayor Paulson, Ojala extended offers to numerous high-profile actors, including Kurt Russell and John Goodman - "people we had no business talking to", he mused, "at least we tried". The part went to veteran character actor Stephen Tobolowsky, "excited" to take on the role, as he felt the character was written realistically, rather than as a villainous archetype. Principal photography took place over 19 days in August 2014 throughout Minnesota Duluth and parts of rural Itasca County. Ojala recounted the shoot as being "quite difficult", noting a "grueling" schedule, a lack of cellphone and computer communications in their remote locations, the complications of breaking "every rule in the indie film book: we had tons of locations, tons of characters, makeup/creature effects, puppets, kids a newborn baby". Ojala likened it to "figuring out how to make a feature like it was the early 90s". Actor John Hennigan admitted that though the intense filming conditions were tough, the experience was an overall positive one.

"The sense of camaraderie after finishing this project was rewarding", he told Digital Journal, "and the bond you have with the people may last for years, or sometimes a lifetime". With the majority of filming completed in Minnesota, several pick-ups and more intricate special

Dave Ingram

David Richard Bjerregaard Ingram is a death metal vocalist from Birmingham, England. He began his career replacing Mark "Barney" Greenway in UK death metal band Benediction when Greenway decided to focus on Napalm Death. Ingram stayed with Benediction until March 1998, when he joined Bolt Thrower replacing Martin van Drunen after having handled vocals temporarily for the band during a show on 4 July 1997 in Zwickau Germany. In 2004, Ingram left Bolt Thrower due to health problems, just prior to the recording of Those Once Loyal, he performed vocals on an album by Warlord UK and sang in his own band Downlord until the band disbanded in 2008. That same year, he began Metal Breakfast Radio, an online metal show that reviews new music from underground bands in a unique and somewhat humorous manner. Ingram's own website can be found at In a departure from his metal roots, Ingram launched a big band jazz and swing themed online streaming radio program called Lambert's Basement.

The title of the show is a tribute to his father Lawrence Albert Lambert Ingram. The post-Downlord period saw Ingram involved in a number of other projects, his collaboration with Rogga Johansson lead to the bands Down Among Echelon. In late 2015, Ingram was announced as the new vocalist for Dutch death metal band Hail of Bullets in anticipation of their appearance at Maryland Deathfest in May 2016. At the conclusion of the band's set, Hail of Bullets guitarist Stephan Gebédi announced Ingram had joined the band on a permanent basis; the Grand Leveller Dark is the Season Transcend the Rubicon The Grotesque / Ashen Epitaph The Dreams You Dread Grind Bastard Honour – Valour – Pride Grind Trials EP Random Dictionary of the Damned Down Among the Dead Men Indulgence Over Abstinence Behind The Obsidian Veil Maximum Carnage

Fáilte Towers

Fáilte Towers is a reality TV show broadcast that aired on RTÉ during August 2008 on RTÉ. The concept involved thirteen celebrities running a hotel for sixteen days and nights in order to win money for their designated charities; the show format was it exported or resold. The name is the word fáilte meaning ` welcome' in Irish; the hotel used in the series is Bellingham Castle in County Louth. The show is presented by Aidan Power and Baz Ashmawy and the judges are Bibi Baskin, Dublin restaurateur Derry Clarke and Castle Leslie hotelier Sammy Leslie; each night the public are invited to vote for the contestant. At the end of the show one of the contestants must "check out"; the presenters tell each of the contestants individually if they are "safe" and if so are ordered "back to work". The three remaining contestants are marched into the Oliver Plunkett Suite to face the judges, one of whom sends one of the contestants back to work before all three cast their votes on which of the remaining two must leave the show.

The evicted celebrity is interviewed by the presenters, with best bits shown as well. Created by Adare Productions, it was available to watch online on the RTÉ Player for up to two weeks after being broadcast. John Creedon won on 17 August. There are thirteen contestants in the show. Donna and Joseph McCaul were treated as one celebrity, completing the same chores and "checking out" together. Members of the public were encouraged to apply online for an opportunity to stay in the hotel for the show's duration. Free rooms would be provided but food and drink was to be paid for by the guests. Guests were encouraged by the producers to wreak havoc in their rooms, a fact, evidenced by some of the early scenes of broken furniture, soiled mattresses and flooded bathrooms which greeted the celebrities early in the morning; the celebrities have entertained numerous functions including a hen party and a wedding, a bus of Japanese tourists and a group of nudists. The stripper providing entertainment for the hen party upset some of the other guests.

An elderly woman accosted Jennifer Maguire, the acting manager and said: "We came here for a quiet lunch. This is disgusting! They should be in another room." Jennifer guided her out of the room but she glided back in again roaring: "It's revolting. It might be a young person's thing, but you should take it somewhere else." The nudists arrived at the hotel in normal enough dress and requested their rooms only to emerge for their meal downstairs without clothes, sparking gasps of astonishment as Patricia McKenna and Joseph McCaul tried to work their way around the cramped room. Brian Dowling was seen wagging his finger at one man in an embarrassed gesture of exasperation. Don Baker, as acting manager, was involved in a heated argument with judge Derry Clarke over the serving of lunch to a group of guests from Kerry. Liz O'Kane insisted that the celebrities had come to an agreement with the producers that lunch was not to be served that day but Clarke though otherwise and, in an attempt to further confuse the hoteliers, argued with both Baker and O'Kane.

Consequentially the two were called before the judges in the Oliver Plunkett Suite that same night with O'Kane told to "check out". With tensions rising by the following day, the programme's producers offered manager, Brian Dowling the chance to nominate three of his co-workers to enjoy a day and night of pampering at Castle Leslie in County Monaghan, he was allowed to pick himself but chose not to, instead selecting Baker, Evelyn Cusack and Jennifer Maguire, before the judges in the Oliver Plunkett Suite for three consecutive nights. The remaining celebrities were embarked on a trail of antics; the "wedding" descended into chaos when the groom was spotted in an embrace with his new wife's best friend and the bride's mother stormed out of the dining room in disgust. However it emerged that the wedding was staged and the guests were actors exaggerating a scenario to put further strain on the celebrities; this upset Joseph McCaul who had accidentally upset her mother. When one of Michelle Heaton's dresses was offered as a replacement there were accusations that it would be too revealing, which upset the manager, Brian Dowling.

When the set-up was discovered the celebrities reacted angrily with Evelyn Cusack sarcastically serving coffee at breakfast the next morning. On Michelle Heaton's day as manager, Don Baker was barman; when a Dubliner named Don arrived at the hotel and offered to fix the broken kegs in the cellar, Baker led him downstairs oblivious to his intention to steal the kegs. When Baker returned upstairs and attempted to serve the customers it was discovered that the Heineken and Budweiser was gone. Heaton had to borrow three kegs to feed the thirsty guests; this was the day that a bus of Japanese tourists turned up at Fáilte Towers. The celebrities were upset as this meant having to change their menu and adapt new recipes to suit their tastes. Joseph McCaul spent his time entertaining the guests with his Japanese language skills and was surprised to learn that one female was voting for him; when the food didn't go down well, McCaul came up with his own concoction of sushi involving tomatoes and other food items which Michelle Heaton promptly ordered back into the kitchen before it could be served.

Dickie Rock arrived to entertain the guests but fifteen minutes late, Heaton embarked on a journey to his room in search of an explanation. It emerged that he refused to leave his room until he had been fed his favoured chicken vindaloo dish. Joseph McCaul had to make a trip to the local Chinese for "a c

1956 Stanley Cup Finals

The 1956 Stanley Cup Finals was contested by the Montreal Canadiens and the two-time defending champion Detroit Red Wings in the fourth Detroit-Montreal series in the 1950s, the two teams having met in the previous two years as well as 1952. The Canadiens were appearing in their sixth consecutive Finals, the Red Wings their third; the Canadiens would win the series 4–1. Montreal defeated the New York Rangers 4–1 to reach the final. Detroit defeated the Toronto Maple Leafs 4–1 to reach the final; the Canadiens, down 4–2 after two periods, scored four unanswered goals, in a 5:29 span, in the third period to win game one 6–4 at the Forum. Jacques Plante held the Red Wings to just ten goals in the five games; this was the first Final for former Habs player Toe Blake's first Final as coach. Emile "Butch" Bouchard was engraved on the Stanley Cup in 1944, 1946 and 1953 as EMILE BOUCHARD, he was engraved on the Stanley Cup as BUTCH BOUCHARD in 1956. In a mistake, Bob Turner is listed as Trainer when the Stanley Cup was redone in 1957-58, but he played defence.

Hector Dubois and Gaston Bettez were the trainers. These mistakes were not corrected on the Replica Cup created in 1992–93. In a mistake, Claude Provost's name was misspelled C. PREVOST with an "E" instead an "O". Provost spelling mistake was not corrected on the Replica Cup created in 1992–93. In a mistake, Gaston Bettez was spelled wrong as G BETTEX when the Cup was redone in 1957–58 with an "X" instead of "Z", the mistake was repeated on the Replica Cup, his name was spelled on the original ring as G. BETTEZ. Hector "Toe" Blake was the rookie ninth coach to win the Stanley Cup. 1955–56 NHL season Diamond, Dan. Total Stanley Cup. Toronto: Total Sports Canada. ISBN 978-1-892129-07-9. Podnieks, Andrew. Lord Stanley's Cup. Bolton, Ont.: Fenn Pub. pp 12, 50. ISBN 978-1-55168-261-7 "All-Time NHL Results"

Ministry of Education and Science (Russia)

Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation existed from March 2004 till May 2018. It oversaw scientific institutions and school accreditation in the Russian Federation; the agency had its headquarters in Central Administrative Okrug, Moscow. The ministry managed Institutes of Higher Education of Russia, the State educational establishment, Center of the testing, National Information Center on Academic Recognition and Mobility; the last Minister was Olga Vasilyeva. In May 2018 it was decided to split this Ministry into the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Science and Higher Education; the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation was established on March 9, 2004 by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation N 314. The MES of Russia acquired the functions relating to the adoption of regulatory legal acts in the sphere of activity of the abolished Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation, the functions relating to the adoption of regulatory legal acts in the scientific field implemented by the abolished Ministry of Industry and Technologies of the Russian Federation, as well as the functions relating to the adoption of regulatory legal acts in the area of activities of the Russian Patents and Trade Marks Agency.

The MES of Russia was a federal body implementing the executive functions relating to the development of state policy and to legal regulation in the following spheres: scientific and technical and innovative activity, the development of federal centers of science and high technology, state scientific centers and so called "science-cities" and intellectual property, youth policy, education and tutorship, social support and social protection of students and pupils of educational institutions. The Ministry of Education and Science of Russia was a federal executive authority responsible for the state policy development and normative and legal regulation in the sphere of education, scientific and innovation activities, intellectual property, as well as in the sphere of nurturing, social support and social protection of students and pupils of educational institutions; the Ministry assumed responsibility for the demolished Federal Science and Innovations Agency and the Federal Education Agency as per the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation on March 4, 2010 №271.

The work of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation was governed by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, Federal Constitutional Laws, Decrees by the President of the Russian Federation, international agreements concluded by the Russian Federation as well as the Statute of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia. The Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation worked in cooperation with other federal executive bodies, executive bodies of the subjects of the Russian Federation, local authorities, public associations and other institutions. In 2008 the Russian Ministry of Education and the United States Department of Education embarked on their first joint education initiative, the FIPSE scholarship. US universities involved in the joint grant include Indiana University, University of Illinois, the University of Iowa, the University of Nebraska at Omaha. On May 15, 2018 the Ministry of Education and Science was split into the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Science and Higher Education.

The former will oversee the country’s grade schools and vocational schools, while the latter should manage universities and research institutions. The Federal Agency for Scientific Organizations, which managed the institutions of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 2013—2018, would now become part of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education; the corresponding executive order was signed by the President Vladimir Putin. After splitting, the Russian abbreviation Minobrnauki of Russia implied the parent ministry, is henceforth used with respect to the child Ministry of Science and Higher Education. Official website Ministry of Education and Science Ministry of Education and Science Study in Russia Russian Education Ministry Information on Accreditation