Murrumbidgee Valley National Park
The Murrumbidgee Valley National Park is a protected national park, located in the Riverina region of New South Wales, in eastern Australia. The 47,703-hectare national park is located 6 kilometres east of Hay, 15 kilometres west of Narrandera; the park protects part of what is now the largest continuous tract of river red gum forest in the world. The Murrumbidgee Valley River Park, when combined with the Murrumbidgee Valley Nature Reserve, comprise a number of separate precincts spread over 250 kilometres along the valley of the Murrumbidgee River between Collingullie, 30 kilometres west of Wagga Wagga, Hay; the parks fall within the Riverina bioregion. The precincts that make up the Murrumbidgee Valley River Parks are quite small and narrow and collectively span a large section of river frontage, they consist of a number of former state forests. Wetlands, river red gum forests and grasslands, all of which are found in the Murrumbidgee Valley River Parks, are acknowledged as among the most threatened ecosystems in Australia.
The inclusion of forested wetlands in the national park system is significant given they occur only in riverine corridors and floodplains on rich alluvial soils prized for their timber and an agricultural production. The river red gum forests are an important component of the broader Murrumbidgee floodplain ecosystem, they contribute valuable ecosystem services, including carbon sequestration, in the otherwise cleared bioregion. The Murrumbidgee River is modified due to irrigation in the region which has altered natural flooding regimes. Land use surrounding the reserves includes dry land and irrigated cropping, grazing of natural and improved pastures, private forestry harvesting. Protected areas of New South Wales Media related to Murrumbidgee Valley National Park at Wikimedia Commons "Murrumbidgee Valley River Parks: Statement of management intent". NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service. Government of New South Wales. June 2014. ISBN 978-1-74359-518-3
Ben Halls Gap National Park
Ben Halls Gap National Park is a national park in New South Wales, Australia, 251 km north of Sydney. Protected areas of New South Wales
Garrawilla National Park
Garrawilla National Park was created in December 2005. It covers an area of 937 hectares; this park is located on the northern side of the Oxley Highway halfway between Coonabarabran and Mullaley in New South Wales, Australia. Protected areas of New South Wales
Government of New South Wales
The Government of New South Wales referred to as the New South Wales Government or NSW Government, is the Australian state democratic administrative authority of New South Wales. It is held by a coalition of the Liberal Party and the National Party; the Government of New South Wales, a parliamentary constitutional monarchy, was formed in 1856 as prescribed in its Constitution, as amended from time to time. Since the Federation of Australia in 1901, New South Wales has been a state of the Commonwealth of Australia, the Constitution of Australia regulates its relationship with the Commonwealth. Under the Australian Constitution, New South Wales ceded legislative and judicial supremacy to the Commonwealth, but retained powers in all matters not in conflict with the Commonwealth. Section 109 of the Australian Constitution provides that, where a State law is inconsistent with a federal law, the federal law prevails; the New South Wales Constitution says: "The Legislature shall, subject to the provisions of the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act, have power to make laws for the peace and good government of New South Wales in all cases whatsoever."
The Australian states retained significant independence. Over time, that independence has been eroded by both the proliferation of Commonwealth Law, the increasing financial domination of the Commonwealth. New South Wales is governed according to the principles of the Westminster system, a form of parliamentary government based on the model of the United Kingdom. Legislative power rests with the Parliament of New South Wales, which consists of the Crown, represented by the Governor of New South Wales, the two Houses, the New South Wales Legislative Council and the New South Wales Legislative Assembly. Executive power rests formally with the Executive Council, which consists of the Governor and senior ministers; the Governor, as representative of the Crown, is the formal repository of power, exercised by him or her on the advice of the Premier of New South Wales and the Cabinet. The Premier and Ministers are appointed by the Governor, hold office by virtue of their ability to command the support of a majority of members of the Legislative Assembly.
Judicial power is exercised by the Supreme Court of New South Wales and a system of subordinate courts, but the High Court of Australia and other federal courts have overriding jurisdiction on matters which fall under the ambit of the Australian Constitution. In 2006, the Sesquicentenary of Responsible Government in New South Wales, the Constitution Amendment Pledge of Loyalty Act 2006 No. 6 was enacted to amend the Constitution Act 1902 to require Members of the New South Wales Parliament and its Ministers to take a pledge of loyalty to Australia and to the people of New South Wales instead of swearing allegiance to the Queen her heirs and successors, to revise the oaths taken by Executive Councillors. The Act was assented to by the Queen on 3 April 2006; the following individuals serve as government ministers, at the pleasure of the Queen, represented by the Governor of New South Wales. The government ministers are listed in order of seniority as listed on the Parliament of New South Wales website and were sworn on by the Governor with effect from 2 April 2019, while their opposition counterparts are listed to correspond with the government ministers.
All Opposition counterparts are members of the Parliament of New South Wales. List of New South Wales government agencies Local government areas of New South Wales New South Wales Ministry New South Wales Shadow Ministry Public Service Association of NSW Government of New South Wales website New South Wales Government Annual Reports and Other Publications The Constitution of New South Wales
Booti Booti National Park
Booti Booti National Park is a national park in New South Wales, Australia, 282 kilometres, by road, north-north-east of Sydney. The holiday town of Forster-Tuncurry lies to the north; the first European to inhabit the area was a Captain J. Gogerly who sailed from Forster to Sydney with loads of timber, he and some of his family are buried in the park. Mining for mineral sands took place at Seven Mile Beach from 1969 to 1975, at Elizabeth Beach from 1969 to 1970; the park was declared a state recreation area from 30 September 1977 a national park in 1992. Geographically, the National Park is made up of three hill complexes – the 224 m high Cape Hawke to the north, 169 m high Booti Hill and 96 m high Charlotte Head in the southern end; the three areas are connected by low -- lying aeolian sands. The stretch of land between Cape Hawke and Booti Hill is around 10 km long and ranges between 400 m and 3.25 km wide. It separates Wallis Lake from the ocean. Cape Hawke and Charlotte Head were once islands, which became joined to the mainland by built-up sand deposits.
654 species of native plants have been recorded from Booti Booti National Park. This formed 46 distinct plant communities within the park boundaries. 17% of the park is classified as rainforest. Seven distinct wet sclerophyll forest and ten dry sclerophyll forest communities have been recorded. Five species recognised as threatened by the New South Wales Government occur within the park – these are Allocasuarina defungens, A. simulans, Chamaesyce psammogeton, Cynanchum elegans and Senna acclinis.104 exotic species have been recorded from the park. Bitou bush has infested sand dunes and cliff areas. Lantana camara infests the rainforest at Cape Hawke disturbed habitat. Madeira vine and coast morning glory are vines that grow over and smother native vegetation in the park. Booti Booti National Park has had 210 species of bird recorded within its limits. Activities at Booti Booti National Park include hiking, birdwatching, mooning and, during winter, whale watching. Camping sites are located in the Booti Hill area at the park's southern end.
A lookout is located on top of Cape Hawke. List of reduplicated Australian place names Protected areas of New South Wales
Goulburn River National Park
The Goulburn River National Park is a national park located in New South Wales, Australia, 213 kilometres northwest of Sydney and it is 35 kilometres south-west of Merriwa. The Goulburn River National Park is located in the Hunter Valley region and covers 90 kilometres of the Goulburn River, it is near the towns of Sandy Hollow, Denman and Mudgee. The park is a sanctuary for kangaroos, emus, platypus, a wide variety of birds, it lies within the Mudgee-Wollar Important Bird Area, so identified by BirdLife International because of its importance for the endangered regent honeyeater. The park contains some 300 or more aboriginal site. Protected areas of New South Wales
Weddin Mountains National Park
Weddin Mountains is a national park located in New South Wales, Australia, 291 kilometres west of Sydney. It is a small crescent shaped range, with a high point some 750 metres AHD , running north south with steep cliffs on the eastern side sloping more down to the plane in the west. Weddin mountains is a small patch of remnant vegetation which escaped clearing due to its ruggedness, it has lots of aircraft passing overhead on their way from Sydney to Adelaide, is part of the Lachlan Fold system and is Wiradjuri country. Ben Hall, who plundered the Forbes-Grenfell area in the 1850s used the Weddin Mountains as a refuge, he holed up in a cave on the north-west side of the park with his gang, which included Johnnie Gilbert and Frank Gardiner. It is rumoured Ben Hall buried a treasure here. There is a walk around'Seaton's Historic Farm', now part of the national park. Seatons Farm is how his wife turned every bit of wire into something useful. Jim Seaton hand made 3 km/1.8 miles of kangaroo proof fence by hand, with posts of local saplings, which are rot and vermin proof.
The property was occupied during the Depression it was set up as a farm. Times and the land were hard and the buildings represent this; the sheds have walls made from flattened corrugated iron. One of the sheds is full of old wire, iron sheets, everything you can imagine. All the old machinery is still there, sitting where it was when the family sold the property to the Government in the 1980s. A unique place, showing how the less well off farmers did it in the early and mid 1900s. There are 216 species of animals recorded in Weddin Mountains National Park, the vast majority of which are birds; the species list includes three types of wallaby one of, the endangered brush tailed rock wallaby. The species list includes painted honeyeater, swift parrot, little lorikeet and turquoise parrot. Pest species seen in the park are cats, foxes and sheep; the park is part of the South-west Slopes of NSW Important Bird Area, identified as such by BirdLife International because of its importance for the conservation of swift parrots and superb parrots.
Weddin Mountains National Park is most approached from Grenfell. Travelling west from Grenfell on the Mid Western Highway there are sign posts to Holy Camp and Ben Halls Cave; the Google Earth route from Grenfell will take you along Euladrie road which ends at a farm two kilometres from the park with farmland in between. Near Seaton's Farm is Ben Halls camping and picnic area with well designed fireplace/barbecues, large enough to permit the use of camp ovens, your own barbecue or for an open fire as well as having its own BBQ plate, it is a short walk from here to Ben Halls Cave. Holy Camp is 19 kilometres south-west of Grenfell, Coordinates 33.897857°S 148.002901°E / -33.897857. The last 3.8 kilometres are dirt road. It is one of the entrances to the park with a pit toilet, parking area, picnic tables and fireplaces. Camping is allowed. There don't rely on it. From here you can walk to Peregrine lookouts. There is lots of wildlife in and around the carpark including lace monitors and skinks by day and brushtail possums and owlet nightjars by night.
The Eualdrie walking trail leads from Holy Camp and is advertised as a 2.6-kilometre 2.5 hour return trip passing through Peregrine Lookout which takes 1.5 hours return. This was tested as 30 minutes to Perrigrine lookout, 23 minutes more to the Cairn at the summit and 40 minutes return. Peregrine Lookout is south of the carpark and from there the path turns back on itself as it proceeds upwards so that the cairn at the summit is a little north of the carpark; the path appears to continue past the cairn at Euradrie Trig and can be followed down to Ben Halls Cave. This small range is mentioned in a surprising number of publications. Two of note are A West Country Ballad which refers to a bounty hunter who unsuccessfully tried to capture Gardiner in the Weddin mountains and Robbery Under Arms where Weddin mountains gets a mention as a hideout. Protected areas of New South Wales