Coniston Water in Cumbria is the third largest lake in the English Lake District. It is five miles long by half a mile wide, has a maximum depth of 184 feet, covers an area of 1.89 square miles. The lake has an elevation of 143 feet above sea level, it drains to the sea via the River Crake. Coniston Water is situated within Furness, part of the North Lonsdale exclave of the historic county of Lancashire. Since 1974, it is within the administrative county of Cumbria. Coniston Water is an example of a ribbon lake formed by glaciation; the lake sits in a deep U-shaped glaciated valley scoured by a glacier in the surrounding volcanic and limestone rocks during the last ice age. To the north-west of the lake rises the Old Man of Coniston, the highest fell in the Coniston Fells group. "'The king's estate or village'. The 2nd el. is OE tūn, the whole name may, like numerous English Kingstons, be from OE'cyninges-tūn'.... Scand influence is, shown by the'-o-' of early and modern spellings, Ekwall speculated that this could have been the centre of a'small Scandinavian mountain kingdom' ".
Plus "OE'wæter', with the meaning influenced by its ON relative'vatn'.". Remains of agricultural settlements from the Bronze Age have been found near the shores of Coniston Water; the Romans mined copper from the fells above the lake. A potash kiln and two iron bloomeries show. In the 13th and 14th centuries, Coniston Water was an important source of fish for the monks of Furness Abbey who owned the lake and much of the surrounding land. Copper mining continued in the area until the 19th century; the lake was known as "Thurston Water", a name derived from the Old Norse personal name'Thursteinn' + Old English'waeter'. This name was used as an alternative to Coniston Water until the late 18th century; the Victorian artist and philosopher John Ruskin owned Brantwood House on the eastern shore of the lake, lived in it from 1872 until his death in 1900. Ruskin is buried in the churchyard at the northern end of the lake, his secretary the antiquarian W. G. Collingwood wrote a historical novel Thorstein of the Mere about the Northmen who settled on the island in the lake.
The Victorian and Edwardian artist Henry Robinson Hall settled in Coniston during the Great War and is buried in the parish church graveyard. Arthur Ransome set his children's novel Swallows and Amazons and the sequels Swallowdale, Winter Holiday, Pigeon Post and The Picts and the Martyrs around a fictional lake derived from a combination of Coniston Water and Windermere; the fictional lake resembles Windermere, but the surrounding hills and fells resemble those of Coniston Water. Some of Coniston Water's islands and other local landmarks can be identified in the novels. In particular the books' Wild Cat Island with its secret harbour is based on Peel Island; the Amazon River is based on the River Crake. The Swallows and Amazons series involve school holiday adventures in the 1930s. Coniston was part of Lancashire, until Local Government reorganisation in 1974 when Cumbria was created. In the 20th century Coniston Water was the scene of many attempts to break the world water speed record. On 19 August 1939 Sir Malcolm Campbell set the record at 141.74 miles per hour in Blue Bird K4.
Between 1956 and 1959 Sir Malcolm's son Donald Campbell set four successive records on the lake in Bluebird K7, a hydroplane. In 1966 Donald Campbell decided that he needed to exceed 300 miles per hour in order to retain the record. On 4 January 1967, he achieved a top speed of over 320 miles per hour in Bluebird K7 on the return leg of a record-breaking attempt, he lost control of Bluebird, which somersaulted and crashed, sinking rapidly. Campbell was killed on impact when decapitated by the K7's windscreen; the attempt could not be counted as a record-breaking run. The remains of Bluebird were recovered from the water in 2001 and the majority of Campbell's body was recovered in the same year. In recent times, Coniston Water has become known for a controversial murder case. Mrs Carol Park was dubbed the "Lady in the Lake" after the Raymond Chandler novel of the same name; the lake is ideal for kayaking and canoeing and there are a number of good sites for launching and recovery. It is paddled as the second leg of the Three Lakes Challenge.
The steam yacht Gondola tours the lake in the summer months, along with two smaller motorised launches. Boats can be hired from the lakeside near the steam yacht, with various sizes of boat for hire, from small canoes and kayaks to large personal craft. Along with Ullswater and Derwentwater, Coniston Water has a mandatory waterspeed limit of 10 miles per hour; this is suspended temporarily for boats attempting new world waterspeed records during Records Week the first week in November. Letitia Elizabeth Landon's poem "Coniston Water" illustrates a plate entitled Coniston Water from Nebthwaite, Lancashire. Tourist attractions in Coniston Gondola information Lake District Walks – Coniston Water
Nickel Centre was a town in Ontario, which existed from 1973 to 2000. It was created as part of the Regional Municipality of Sudbury. On January 1, 2001, the town and the Regional Municipality were dissolved and amalgamated into the city of Greater Sudbury; the town is now divided between Wards 7 and 9 on Greater Sudbury City Council, is represented by councillors Mike Jakubo and Deb McIntosh. In the Canada 2011 Census, the Garson-Falconbridge corridor within Nickel Centre was counted as part of the population centre of Sudbury, while the census tracts corresponding to the former boundaries of Nickel Centre had a population of 13,232. In the Canada 2016 Census, the boundaries of the Sudbury population centre were revised to retain Garson but exclude Falconbridge, while a new population centre was added for Coniston. Coniston was part of the Township of Neelon, incorporated in March 1905. Coniston was subsequently incorporated under the provisions of the Municipal Act by Ontario Municipal Board Order A4741 on January 1, 1934, remained such until the establishment of regional government.
Prior to its annexation into Nickel Centre, the town's mayors were Edgar Taylor Austin, Roy Snitch, Walter Kilimnik, William Evershed, Maurice Beauchemin and Mike Solski. Solski, the final mayor of Coniston as an independent town, won election to the mayoralty of the amalgamated town of Nickel Centre in 1972. Notable residents of Coniston have included hockey players Neal Martin, Noel Price, Toe Blake, Jim Fox, Leo Lafrance and Andy Barbe, as well as many other great hockey players. Coniston includes the smaller neighbourhood of Austin, which may be known as Old Coniston; this area is home to a baseball field. The baseball field was abandoned and decommissioned prior to 2000 when Coniston became part of Greater Sudbury; the geographic township of Falconbridge was named in the 1880s for William Glenholm Falconbridge, a justice of the High Court of Ontario. The original settlement in the township was a small lumber camp. A significant ore body was discovered in 1902 by Thomas Edison near what is now Falconbridge's Centennial Park.
The Edison Ore-Milling Company was unsuccessful in establishing a mining operation, abandoned his original claim in 1903. The claim reverted to Crown land until the Longyear Drilling Company bought it in 1911. Longyear subsequently merged with other small mining companies in the area to form the basis of what would become Falconbridge Ltd. although actual mining operations in the community did not begin until 1928, when Thayer Lindsley purchased the company for $2,500,000 and sunk the Falconbridge deposit's first mine shaft the following year. Falconbridge Ltd. built the Edison Building in 1969 to serve as its head office. Falconbridge Ltd. was taken over by Swiss mining company Xstrata in 2006. In 2007, Xstrata donated the Edison Building to the city to serve as the new home of the municipal archives. Falconbridge was incorporated as a town in 1957; the town's first and only reeve, John Franklin, served until the creation of Nickel Centre in 1973. A visual and radar UFO incident occurred in the community on November 11, 1975 reported in a press release by NORAD.
The object was tracked on radar from CFS Falconbridge and sighted in binoculars, estimated to be a 100-ft. Diameter sphere with craters. Seven OPP police officers witnessed the UFO; some explanations given for the sightings included Venus, and/or weather balloons. The community is named after the geographic township of Garson, named by the Ontario Government in the 1880s for William Garson, who represented Lincoln in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 1886 to 1890; the area was first developed in 1888 as a logging camp, by the Holland and Emery Lumber Company of East Tawas, Michigan. In that year this firm constructed a narrow gauge logging railway from Wahnapitae, establishing its main operations at Headquarters Lake, near the Garson townsite. Logs from this area were driven to Lake Huron; this track was extended north into Capreol Township. The Canadian Northern Railway was built through Garson in 1908. Garson Mine, now owned by Vale Inco was first developed in 1911 by the Mond Nickel Company.
The defunct Kirkwood Mine was located in Garson. Skead is located 25 kilometres northeast of downtown Sudbury, situated on south shore of Lake Wanapitei. Home to over 600 year round residents, Skead was settled about 1921 as a sawmill community, when the Spanish River Lumber Company relocated there from its original mill site, near the mouth of the Spanish River, it was named by the firm's general manager W. J. Bell, in honour of his late father-in-law, Canadian Senator James Skead. Skead's address and telephone service includes the smaller neighbourhood of Boland's Bay, a dispersed rural community and unincorporated place, on the eponymous bay at the southwestern tip of Lake Wanapitei; the community was known as Bowlands Bay and the bay as Bowland Bay until 1975 when the present spellings were adopted. However, the old spelling continues on the local street Bowlands Bay Road; the community takes its name from the Wanapitei River, which flows through Wahnapitae, whose name in turn comes from the Ojibwe word waanabidebiing, which means "concave-tooth water" and describes the shape of Lake Wanapitei.
The correct spelling of the community's name should not be confused with the correct spelling for the water bodies. The community of Wahnapitae is located east of Sudbury along Highway 17, it was the first settlement to be established in Nickel Centre and was supposed to be the main com
Coniston Cold is a village and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England. Part of the Staincliffe Wapentake of the West Riding of Yorkshire, the village lies 7 miles north-west of Skipton along the A65. According to the 2001 UK census, Coniston Cold parish had a population of 186, increasing to 203 at the 2011 Census. Media related to Coniston Cold at Wikimedia Commons Wedding Films created at the nearby Coniston Hotel
Coniston, New South Wales
Coniston is a suburb of Wollongong in New South Wales. At the 2016 census, it had a population of 2,268. Coniston is just north of the Port Kembla Steelworks and includes the Greenhouse Park, a one time waste pile converted into a natural park area with a weather station; the hill, known locally as "The Overseer" has a lookout over Port Kembla. Coniston is bordered to the west by the hill suburbs of Mangerton and Mount Saint Thomas. Coniston has a variety of businesses including The Coniston Hotel, formally Gilmore's Hotel, a bakery, 24 Hour petrol station and several other specialty stores. Coniston has long been serviced with its own Bulk Billing Medical Centre. Coniston is home to the Coniston Juniors Football Club who play at McKinnon Park, north of the commercial district. Coniston railway station is the suburbs main train station. Coniston has multiple bus stops. In the 2016 Census, there were 2,268 people in Coniston; the most common ancestries were Australian 20.5%, English 20.1%, Macedonian 10.1%, Scottish 6.1% and Irish 5.8%.
64.3% of people were born in Australia. The next most common country of birth was The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia at 6.9%. 61.0% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Macedonian 10.1%. The most common responses for religion in Coniston were No Religion 26.2%, Catholic 18.4%, Eastern Orthodox 15.0% and Anglican 9.4%. Drummond Battery Greenhouse Park Coniston Hotel
Coniston railway station, New South Wales
Coniston is an intercity train station located in Coniston, New South Wales, Australia, on the South Coast railway line. The station serves NSW TrainLink trains travelling south to Port Kembla or Kiama and north to Wollongong and Sydney; the district south of central Wollongong began to develop as an industrial area at the beginning of the 20th century. In 1916, the NSW Government Railways opened a branch line from the main South Coast line south of Wollongong to the new wharves at Port Kembla; the branch's sole passenger station was Mount Drummond, but it closed in 1923, reopening as Coniston in 1925. A "Coniston Station Estate" surrounding the station, consisting of industrial and residential allotments, was subdivided in 1939; the branch line assumed increased significance with Australia's entry into World War II, with a dramatic increase in steel production prompting the Railways to duplicate the line from Wollongong to Cringila. Coniston Station was demolished in 1941 and replaced with a new two-platform station at its present-day, main line location.
The new station included three single-storey buildings: a ticket office at street level on Gladstone Avenue, two identical platform buildings containing a waiting room and toilets. The buildings were constructed in the functionalist style from dichromatic brick using iron oxide and clinker bricks with soldier courses; the platform buildings feature distinctive Art Deco style vertical'fins' extending above the awnings at both ends. While all three buildings remain today, the exteriors have been painted over and the original internal fit-outs removed; the station is deemed to have local heritage significance. Coniston has two side platforms, it is serviced by NSW TrainLink South Coast line services travelling between Sydney Central, Bondi Junction and Kiama, as well as local services from Waterfall and Thirroul to Port Kembla. Premier Illawarra operates one route via Coniston station: 11: Wollongong to University of Wollongong Media related to Coniston railway station at Wikimedia Commons Coniston station details Transport for New South Wales
Coniston (Northern Territory)
Coniston, Northern Territory, Australia is a cattle station in central Australia. Coniston is best known as the site of the Coniston massacre, the last known massacre of Indigenous Australians, in August 1928. Owing to a severe drought, the original owners gravitated towards their ancient water sources, which the pastoralists were using for their livestock. Conflicts soon arose. Coniston is still a working cattle station, has been featured by the Northern Territory government for its introduction of a 6.4 kW solar power station. Developed in 1923 by Randall Stafford because of a sustainable water supply, the station still thrives today. Last year, Max Lines, found. Together with his wife Jacqui, Max has owned and managed Coniston Station, about 250 kilometres north-west of Alice Springs, for more than three decades. With the help of her family and loyal staff, Jacqui continued to run the property. List of ranches and stations
Old Man of Coniston
The Old Man of Coniston is a fell in the Furness Fells in the English Lake District. It is 2,634 feet high, lies to the west of the village of Coniston and the lake, Coniston Water; the fell is sometimes known by the alternative name of Coniston Old Man, or The Old Man. The mountain is popular with tourists and fell-walkers with a number of well-marked paths to the summit; the mountain has seen extensive slate mining activity for eight hundred years and the remains of abandoned mines and spoil tips are a significant feature of the north-east slopes. There are several flocks of sheep that are grazed on the mountain; the Old Man was the highest point in the historic county of Lancashire. This assertion rests upon its being higher than Swirl How. There appears to be some uncertainty in the current literature over whether the height of Swirl How is 802 or 804 m after resurveying. If modern measurement has not added 2 m to its rival, the Old Man of Coniston is the highest point in the Furness Fells, the twelfth most prominent mountain in England.
The Coniston Fells form the watershed between Coniston Water in the east and the Duddon valley to the west. The range begins in the north at Wrynose Pass and runs south for around 10 miles before petering out at Broughton in Furness on the Duddon Estuary. Alfred Wainwright in his influential Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells took only the northern half of the range as Lakeland proper, consigning the lower hills southward to a supplementary work The Outlying Fells of Lakeland. Guidebook writers have chosen to include the whole range in their main volumes; the central part of the Coniston range can be likened to an inverted'Y' with Brim Fell at the connecting point of the three arms. The main spine of the ridge runs north over Swirl How and Great Carrs and south west to Dow Crag and the lower hills beyond; the third arm is a truncated spur, running only half a mile to the summit of the Old Man before tumbling away south eastward to the valley floor. This ridge end position gives the fell a sense of isolation and increased stature, with steep faces on three sides.
To the west is the deep trench containing Goat’s Water. This elongated tarn contains trout and char. Enclosed by high ground, it has an outlet to the south through a field of boulders; this is one of the headwaters of Torver Beck, which passes a disused quarry near the Tranearth climbing hut, keeping the workings topped up via an artificial but picturesque waterfall. The stream issues into Coniston Water to the south of Torver village; the southern and eastern flanks of The Old Man are composed of rough ground pockmarked by slate quarries. One of these quarries, Bursting Stone, is still operating to produce an olive green slate. Across the southern slopes runs the Walna Scar Road; this was the original trade route between Coniston village and the settlements of the Duddon Valley and is a public restricted byway. The first section rising steeply from Coniston is a metalled road, maintained to provide access to the quarry; this leads to a carpark at an altitude of a popular starting point for climbs.
Beyond here motor vehicles are prohibited, but the track continues to its summit at 2,000 ft, crossing the ridge to the south of Dow Crag. Coniston Old Man has no connecting ridges other than that to Brim Fell, but a discernible rib falls due east via Stubthwaite Crag and Crowberry Haws. Below the tourist route path, this rib climbs again to The Bell, a fine rocky top with excellent views of the lake and village. Nestling beneath the northern face of The Old Man, cradled between it and Raven’s Tor, is Low Water; this fine corrie tarn has been dammed in the past to provide water for the quarries, but all of its water now issues via a fine cascade of falls into the Coppermines Valley. This area, shared with the neighbouring fells of Brim Fell and Wetherlam, is scarred by historic copper and cobalt mining in the latter half of the 19th century; the summit of the fell carries a combined slate platform and cairn. The popularity of this climb has resulted in the resident sheep being quite tame, they show no fear in rifling unwatched bags for food.
The extensive view from the summit on a clear day includes much of the southern Lake District, Morecambe Bay, Blackpool Tower, Winter Hill in the Pennines, the Lancashire coast and the Isle of Man. The highlight is the close-up view of Dow Crag; the fell is climbed from Coniston village via Church Beck and the mines. Alternatives include the south ridge and the path to Goat’s Water, both ascending from the Walna Scar Road; the carpark at the top of the metalled section provides a headstart for these routes. The Walna Scar Road can be reached from Torver, or from Seathwaite in the Duddon Valley, although the latter results in an indirect climb via Dow Crag. Coniston copper mines are reputed to be some of the largest copper mines in Britain, with a vertical distance of around 2,000 ft. On the Coniston Old Man itself, slate replaced copper, over several hundred years, the Old Man Slate Quarries & Mines became some of the largest in England; the Old Man slate quarries were believed to have started in the 12-13th centuries, although there is little evidence on site of this.
By the 1500s the quarries, working a kind of volcanic slate silver-grey in colour, were well established. The earliest major working shortly after this period was at Low Water Quarry, where slate was prized in an opencast manner from cuttings near the summit, Scald Kop Quarry, where a large cavern was formed from slate extraction on the surface, the Saddlestone Quarry