United States Coast Guard Academy
The United States Coast Guard Academy is the service academy of the United States Coast Guard, founded in 1876 and located in New London, Connecticut. It is the smallest of the five federal service academies and provides education to future Coast Guard officers in one of nine major fields of study. Unlike the other service academies, the Coast Guard Academy does not require a congressional nomination for admission. Students are officers-in-training and are referred to as cadets, upon graduation receive a Bachelor of Science degree and are commissioned as ensigns with a five-year active-duty service obligation, with additional years if the graduate attends flight school or subsequent government-funded graduate school. Out of 250 cadets entering the academy each summer, 200 graduate. Cadets can choose from among nine majors, with a curriculum, graded according their performance in a holistic program of academics, physical fitness and leadership. Cadets are required to adhere to the academy's "Honor Concept," "Who lives here reveres honor, honors duty,", emblazoned in the halls of the academy's entrance.
The academy's motto is Scientiæ cedit mare, Latin for "the sea yields to knowledge". The Academy is accredited by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges, ABET, AACSB for its various programs.· The roots of the academy lie in the School of Instruction of the Revenue Cutter Service, the school of the Revenue Cutter Service. The School of Instruction was established near New Bedford, Massachusetts in 1876 and used the USRC Dobbin for its exercises. Captain John Henriques served as superintendent from founding until 1883; the one civilian instructor was Professor Edwin Emery, who taught mathematics, English composition, physics, theoretical steam engineering, international law, revenue law, among other subjects. The School was a two-year apprenticeship, in essence, supplemented by minimal classroom work; the student body averaged five to ten cadets per class. With changes to new training vessels, the school moved to Curtis Bay, Maryland in 1900 and to Fort Trumbull in 1910, a Revolutionary War–era Army installation in New London, Connecticut.
In 1914, the school became the Revenue Cutter Academy, it became the Coast Guard Academy in 1915 with the merger of the Revenue Cutter Service and the Life Saving Service. Land was purchased in New London on 31 July 1930 for the construction of the Coast Guard Academy; the 40-acre site was made up of two parcels from the Allyn and Payne estates and was purchased for $100,000. The $100,000 was not raised through a bond issue, as planned, but with a bank loan based on uncollected back taxes; the contract was awarded to Murch Brothers Construction Company of St. Louis and ground was broken on January 1931 by Jean Hamlet, daughter of RADM Harry G. Hamlet, Academy Superintendent from 1928–1932. On 15 May 1931, Treasury Secretary Andrew W. Mellon visited New London to lay the cornerstone of Hamilton Hall. Construction proceeded on schedule and cadets moved in to the new buildings on 20 September 1932. In 1946, the academy received the barque Horst Wessel as a war reparation from Germany, a 295-foot tall ship, renamed the USCGC Eagle.
It remains the main training vessel for cadets at the academy as well as for officer candidates at the Coast Guard's Officer Candidate School, located on the grounds of the USCGA. The academy was racially integrated in 1962 at the request of President Kennedy; the academy began admitting women in 1976 at the request of Congress. Superintendent of the academy Vice Admiral Harry G. Hamlet composed the academy's mission statement in 1929. All entering cadets must memorize the statement during their first few days of Swab Summer, the indoctrination period for new cadets; the mission of the United States Coast Guard Academy is to graduate young men and women with sound bodies, stout hearts and alert minds, with a liking for the sea and its lore, with that high sense of Honor and Obedience which goes with trained initiative and leadership. Unlike the other service academies, admission to the USCGA does not require a congressional nomination; this is due to the fervent objections of Captain John A. Henriques, the first Superintendent of the Revenue Cutter School of Instruction.
His objection stemmed from years of poor political appointments in the U. S. Revenue Cutter Service's bureaucracy; the academy is cited as being one of the most difficult American institutions of higher education in which to gain entrance. Each year more than 2,000 students apply and appointments are offered until the number accepting appointments to the incoming class numbers reaches 400; those who have accepted appointments as cadets report to the USCGA in late June or early July for "Swab Summer", a basic military training program designed to prepare them for the rigors of their Fourth Class year. After four years of study and training 200 of those cadets will graduate. About 35 percent of cadets are women. All graduating cadets earn commissions as ensigns in the United States Coast Guard, as well as Bachelor of Science degrees. For that reason the academy maintains a core curriculum of science and professional development courses in addition to major-specific courses; each cadet takes two semesters of classes during the school year and spends the majority of the summer in military training to produce officers of character with the requisite professiona
Fog is a visible aerosol consisting of tiny water droplets or ice crystals suspended in the air at or near the Earth's surface. Fog can be considered a type of low-lying cloud resembling stratus, is influenced by nearby bodies of water and wind conditions. In turn, fog has affected many human activities, such as shipping and warfare; the term "fog" is distinguished from the more generic term "cloud" in that fog is low-lying, the moisture in the fog is generated locally. By definition, fog reduces visibility to less than 1 kilometre, whereas mist causes lesser impairment of visibility. For aviation purposes in the UK, a visibility of less than 5 kilometres but greater than 999 metres is considered to be mist if the relative humidity is 95% or greater. Fog forms when the difference between air temperature and dew point is less than 2.5 °C. Fog begins to form when water vapor condenses into tiny liquid water droplets that are suspended in the air. Six examples of ways that water vapor is added to the air are by wind convergence into areas of upward motion.
Water vapor begins to condense on condensation nuclei such as dust and salt in order to form clouds. Fog, like its elevated cousin stratus, is a stable cloud deck which tends to form when a cool, stable air mass is trapped underneath a warm air mass. Fog occurs at a relative humidity near 100%; this occurs from either added moisture in the air, or falling ambient air temperature. However, fog can form at lower humidities, can sometimes fail to form with relative humidity at 100%. At 100% relative humidity, the air cannot hold additional moisture, the air will become supersaturated if additional moisture is added. Fog produces precipitation in the form of drizzle or light snow. Drizzle occurs when the humidity of fog attains 100% and the minute cloud droplets begin to coalesce into larger droplets; this can occur when the fog layer is lifted and cooled sufficiently, or when it is forcibly compressed from above by descending air. Drizzle becomes freezing drizzle; the thickness of a fog layer is determined by the altitude of the inversion boundary, which in coastal or oceanic locales is the top of the marine layer, above which the air mass is warmer and drier.
The inversion boundary varies its altitude in response to the weight of the air above it, measured in terms of atmospheric pressure. The marine layer, any fogbank it may contain, will be "squashed" when the pressure is high, conversely, may expand upwards when the pressure above it is lowering. Fog can form in a number of ways, depending on how the cooling that caused the condensation occurred. Radiation fog is formed by the cooling of land after sunset by infrared thermal radiation in calm conditions with a clear sky; the cooling ground cools adjacent air by conduction, causing the air temperature to fall and reach the dew point, forming fog. In perfect calm, the fog layer can be less than a meter thick, but turbulence can promote a thicker layer. Radiation fog occurs at night, does not last long after sunrise, but it can persist all day in the winter months in areas bounded by high ground. Radiation fog is most common in early winter. Examples of this phenomenon include the Tule fog. Ground fog is fog that obscures less than 60% of the sky and does not extend to the base of any overhead clouds.
However, the term is a synonym for shallow radiation fog. Advection fog occurs when moist air is cooled, it is common. It is most common at sea when moist air encounters cooler waters, including areas of cold water upwelling, such as along the California coast. A strong enough temperature difference over water or bare ground can cause advection fog. Although strong winds mix the air and can disperse, fragment, or prevent many kinds of fog, markedly warmer and humid air blowing over a snowpack can continue to generate advection fog at elevated velocities up to 80 km/h or more – this fog will be in a turbulent moving, comparatively shallow layer, observed as a few centimeters/inches in depth over flat farm fields, flat urban terrain and the like, and/or form more complex forms where the terrain is different such as rotating areas in the lee of hills or large buildings and so on. Fog formed by advection along the California coastline is propelled onto land by one of several processes. A cold front can push the marine layer coast-ward, an occurrence most typical in the spring or late fall.
During the summer months, a low pressure trough produced by intense heating inland creates a strong pressure gradient, drawing in the dense marine layer. During the summer, strong high pressure aloft over the desert southwest in connection with the summer monsoon, produces a south to southeasterly flow which can drive the offshore marine layer up the coastline. However, if the monsoonal flow is sufficiently turbulent, it might instead break up the marine layer a
San Francisco Giants
The San Francisco Giants are an American professional baseball team based in San Francisco, California. Founded in 1883 as the New York Gothams, renamed three years the New York Giants, the team moved to San Francisco in 1958; the Giants compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the National League West division. As one of the longest-established and most successful professional baseball teams, the franchise has won the most games of any team in the history of American baseball; the team was the first major league team based in New York City, most memorably playing at the legendary Polo Grounds. They have won 23 NL pennants and have played in 20 World Series competitions – both NL records; the Giants' eight World Series championships rank fifth overall. The Giants have played in the World Series 20 times – 14 times in New York, six in San Francisco – but boycotted the event in 1904. Playing as the New York Giants, they won 14 pennants and five World Series championships behind managers such as John McGraw and Bill Terry and players such as Christy Mathewson, Carl Hubbell, Mel Ott, Bobby Thomson, Willie Mays.
The Giants' franchise has the most Hall of Fame players in all of professional baseball. The Giants' rivalry with the Dodgers is one of the longest-standing and biggest rivalries in American sports; the teams began their rivalry as the New York Giants and Brooklyn Dodgers before both franchises moved west for the 1958 season. The Giants have won six pennants and three World Series championships since arriving in San Francisco; those three championships have come in 2010, 2012, most in 2014, having defeated the Kansas City Royals four games to three during the 2014 World Series. The Giants are the only major professional sports team based in the City and County of San Francisco, following the San Francisco 49ers' relocation to Santa Clara in 2014, they will be joined by the Golden State Warriors once they move to the Chase Center in 2019. The Giants began as the second baseball club founded by millionaire tobacconist John B. Day and veteran amateur baseball player Jim Mutrie; the Gothams, as the Giants were known, entered the National League in 1883, while their other club, the Metropolitans played in the American Association.
Nearly half of the original Gotham players were members of the disbanded Troy Trojans, whose place in the National League the Gothams inherited. While the Metropolitans were the more successful club and Mutrie began moving star players to the Gothams, in 1888 the team won its first National League pennant, as well as a victory over the St. Louis Browns in a pre-modern-era World Series, they repeated as champions the next year with a pennant and Championship victory over the Brooklyn "Bridegrooms". A contemporaneous account claims that after one satisfying victory over the Philadelphia Phillies, the team's manager, strode into the dressing room and exclaimed, "My big fellows! My giants!" From on, the club was known as the Giants. The Giants' original home stadium, the Polo Grounds, dates from this early era, it was located north of Central Park adjacent to 5th and 6th Avenues and 110th and 112th Streets, in Harlem in upper Manhattan. After their eviction from that first incarnation of the Polo Grounds after the 1888 season, they moved further uptown to various fields they named the Polo Grounds located between 155th and 159th Streets in Harlem and Washington Heights, playing in the Washington Heights Polo Grounds until the end of the 1957 season, when they moved to San Francisco.
The Giants were a powerhouse in the late 1880s, winning their first two National League Pennants and World Championships in 1888 and 1889. But nearly all of the Giants' stars jumped to the upstart Players' League, whose New York franchise was named the Giants, in 1890; the new team built a stadium next door to the Polo Grounds. With a decimated roster, the National League Giants finished a distant sixth. Attendance took a nosedive, the financial strain affected Day's tobacco business as well; the Players' League dissolved after the season, Day sold a minority interest in his NL Giants to the defunct PL Giants' principal backer, Edward Talcott. As a condition of the sale, Day had to fire Mutrie as manager. Although the Giants rebounded to third in 1891, Day was forced to sell a controlling interest to Talcott at the end of the season. Four years Talcott sold the Giants to Andrew Freedman, a real estate developer with ties to the Tammany Hall political machine running New York City. Freedman was one of the most detested owners in baseball history, getting into heated disputes with other owners and his own players, most famously with star pitcher Amos Rusie, author of the first Giants no-hitter.
When Freedman offered Rusie only $2,500 to play in 1896, the disgruntled hurler sat out the entire season. Attendance fell off throughout the league without Rusie, prompting the other owners to chip in $50,000 to get him to return for 1897. Freedman hired former owner Day as manager for part of 1899. In 1902, after a series of disastrous moves that left the Giants 53½ games behind, Freedman signed John McGraw as player-manager, convincing him to jump in mid-season from the Baltimore Orioles of the fledgling American League and bring with him several of his teammates. McGraw went on to manage the Giants for three decades until 1932, one of the longest and most successful tenures in professional sports. Hiring "Mr. McGraw", as his players referred to him, was one of Freedman's last significant moves as
In sports, a farm team, farm system, feeder team, practice squad, or nursery club, is a team or club whose role is to provide experience and training for young players, with an agreement that any successful players can move on to a higher level at a given point. This system can be implemented in many ways, both formally and informally; the term is used as a metaphor for any organization or activity that serves as a training ground for higher-level endeavors. For instance, business schools are referred to as "farm clubs" in the world of business. In the United States and Canada, Minor League Baseball teams operate under strict franchise contracts with their major league counterparts. Although the vast majority of such teams are owned and are therefore able to switch affiliation, those players under contract with the affiliated Major League Baseball team are under their exclusive control, would move to the MLB club's new affiliate. Not all players on a minor league team are under contract with the MLB club.
Minor league teams are based in smaller cities, players who are contracted to them, as opposed to major league players sent down to this level for rehabilitation or other professional-development assignments, are paid less than their Major League counterparts. Most major league players start off their careers by working their way up the minor league system, from the lowest to the highest classification, with the rare exceptions being those players signed from Japan's Nippon Professional Baseball. Since the elimination of the Bonus Rule, only a small number of amateur players have gone directly into the MLB, including John Olerud, Jim Abbott, Dave Winfield; the process of a player working his way up through the minor leagues is formally referred by most MLB teams as "player development". However, minor league affiliates are informally referred to as "farm teams" and a major league player's misfortune of being sent back to the minors is sometimes described as being "farmed out"; the farm system as it is recognized today was invented by Branch Rickey, who – as field manager, general manager, club president – helped to build the St. Louis Cardinals dynasty during the 1920s, 30s, 40s.
When Rickey joined the team in 1916, players were purchased by major league teams from independent, high-level minor league clubs. Rickey, a keen judge of talent, became frustrated when the players he had identified for purchase at the A and AA levels were offered for bid and sold by those independent clubs to wealthier rivals such as the Chicago Cubs and the New York Giants. With the support of Cardinal owner Sam Breadon, Rickey devised a plan whereby St. Louis would purchase and control its own minor league teams from Class D to Class AA, thus allowing them to promote or demote players as they developed, "grow" their own talent; the talent pipeline began at tryout camps that St. Louis scouts conducted throughout the U. S. "From quantity comes quality," Rickey once observed, during the 1930s, with as many as 40 owned or affiliated farm teams, the Cardinals controlled the destinies of hundreds of players each year. The Cardinals won nine National League pennants and six World Series championships between 1926 and 1946, proving the effectiveness of the farm system concept.
Indeed, the second club to embrace such a system, the New York Yankees, used it to sustain their dynasty from the mid-1930s through the middle of the 1960s. When Rickey moved to the Brooklyn Dodgers as president and general manager in 1943, he built a hugely successful farm system there as well after the end of World War II; the teams that ignored the farm system in the 1930s and early 1940s found themselves falling on hard times. The existence of the minor league system is due in part to MLB's ability to include a reserve clause in its contracts with minor league players, which gives the major league team exclusive rights to a player after the contract has expired. In a landmark 1922 Supreme Court decision, Federal Baseball Club v. National League, baseball was granted a special immunity from antitrust laws. Despite the advent of free agency in 1976, which led many to predict the demise of the farm system, it still remains a strong component of a winning baseball strategy; the teams of the National Hockey League have their own farm teams in the American Hockey League.
For example, the Cleveland Monsters are the farm team for the Columbus Blue Jackets. Additionally, NHL teams have affiliates in the ECHL, although the terms of the most recent CBA prohibited ECHL players from being recalled to the NHL or being sent down to that league without being assigned to the AHL first. Although some NHL franchises own their AHL and/or ECHL affiliates, many AHL and ECHL franchises are independently owned, with ties to NHL franchises made through affiliation contracts. Unlike baseball, not all the players on the rosters of the minor league teams are owned by an NHL team; the AHL system recognizes two types of contracts: the two-way contract, in which players can be sent back and forth between the NHL and AHL at will, the standard contract, which binds the player to the AHL. The NHL t
Luis Beltrán Sojo Sojo is a former Major League Baseball infielder and right-handed batter. In his career, Sojo filled a role as a utility infielder for the Blue Jays, Mariners, Pirates and, most notably, for the Yankees. Not classically athletic, he was a natural shortstop in the minors, but took on an expanded role in emergency situations and most as a second baseman, as a third baseman, first baseman and left fielder as well. Sojo had limited power and did not draw many walks, but he was a good contact hitter for someone who made a habit of falling behind in the count during his minor league tenure, he did show an ability to put the ball in play with a low strikeout rate. Some of his great contributions came when going to the opposite field in hit and run situations and with infield hits. An avid bunter, he led the league in sacrificial hits in 1991. Though not a threat as a base stealer, he was a competent base runner. In the field, Sojo had a good arm, showing quick hands and slick moves.
He signed with the Blue Jays on January 3, 1986. Called up late in the 1990 season, Sojo played 33 games for the Blue Jays, he promptly went 18-for-80 and was traded to the California Angels with a player to be named later. Sojo played 219 games for the Angels over two years. In 1991, he had a career-high, he was traded back to the Blue Jays after the 1992 season. Sojo played only 19 games in 1993, was only 8 for 47, although he managed to collect six runs batted in, he earned his first of five World Series rings with the Blue Jays. On October 15, he was granted free agency. Sojo hit.277 over 63 games in the strike-shortened 1994 season, while hitting 6 home runs a career-best. He was once again awarded a starting role in 1995, where he played in 102 games, his second-highest career total, he finished the season with 98 hits, seven home runs, tying a career best. In the 1995 American League Division Series against the Yankees, he played in all five games, going 5-for-20 with 3 runs batted in, he continued his hot streak into the 1995 American League Championship Series, again going 5-for-20 as the Mariners lost to the Cleveland Indians.
In 1996, Sojo began the 1996 season with the Mariners, hitting just.211 over 77 games before being claimed off of waivers by the New York Yankees on August 22, 1996. Sojo began his Yankee career 11-for-40. After playing only 18 games with the Yankees, he was added to the postseason roster, he did not receive a plate appearance during the 1996 American League Division Series, but played as a defensive replacement and pinch runner. He did, play in the 1996 American League Championship Series, going 1 for 5 over 3 games. Despite his limited playing time in that postseason, he played in five of the six games of the 1996 World Series, going 3 for 5 with a double and a run batted in. Sojo earned his second World Series ring. On January 9, 1997, Sojo re-signed with the Yankees. In 1997, Sojo began to see his playing time decrease, he played in only 77 games, hitting.377. Sojo's 25 runs batted in was his most as a Yankee, he did not play at all in the 1997 postseason. He was granted free agency on October 31, again re-signed with the Yankees on November 12, 1997.
During the 1998 season, Sojo's playing time again decreased as he saw action in only 54 games, hitting.231. He had 34 hits and 14 runs batted in during the season, but did not play in the 1998 American League Division Series, he rejoined the team for the Championship Series. He received a ring regardless. In 1999, he played in just 49 games, less than the previous year, but hit.252 and again missed the Division Series. He re-joined the team for the 1999 American League Championship Series, where he had only one at-bat, he was not much of a force in the World Series that year either, with just one at-bat, but received a World Series ring. He was released on November 10. On January 9, 2000, Sojo signed with the Pittsburgh Pirates, he played in 61 games and hit.284 with 5 home runs before being traded to the Yankees on August 7 in exchange for Chris Spurling. Sojo played in 34 games after being hit.288, earning him a spot on the postseason roster. Playing in all five games of the American League Division Series, he was 3 for 16 with 5 RBIs and 3 hits.
Playing in all six games of the 2000 American League Championship Series, he went 6 for 23. In Game 5 of the 2000 World Series, Sojo turned from a role player to a hero. With the score tied at two with two outs in the ninth inning, Sojo singled to center, driving in Jorge Posada to break the tie with Scott Brosius scoring on the errant throw to home plate; the Yankees won their 26th World Series, their third consecutive, fourth in the Joe Torre era. Sojo obtained his fifth World Series ring. On November 7, Sojo was released again and re-signed one month on December 7. In 2001, he played in 39 games, collecting only 13 hits, but proved productive, as he drove in nine runs. After missing the American League Division Series, he received one at-bat in the American League Championship Series, he played in two of the seven games in that year's World Series. In 2002, Sojo failed to earn a spot on the Yankees roster, retired from playing Major League Baseball, he made his managerial debut with the Yankees Double A affi
Timothy Raines Sr. nicknamed "Rock", is an American professional baseball coach and former player. He played as a left fielder in Major League Baseball for six teams from 1979 to 2002 and was best known for his 13 seasons with the Montreal Expos, he is regarded as one of baserunners in baseball history. In 2013, Raines began working in the Toronto Blue Jays organization as a roving outfield and baserunning instructor. Raines is the 1986 NL batting champion, a seven-time All-Star, four-time stolen base champion, he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2017. Raines was born in Florida, to Ned and Florence Raines, he attended Seminole High School in Sanford. Raines was one of seven children. Two of his brothers and Ned III, played minor league baseball; as a baseball player at Seminole, Raines stole home plate ten times. He rushed for 1,000 yards in eight football games and set two school track and field records that lasted for several years. Raines received over 100 scholarship offers to play college football.
The Montreal Expos selected Raines in the fifth round of the 1977 Major League Baseball draft. After debuting with six games as a pinch runner in 1979, he played as a second baseman for the Expos in 1980 but soon switched to playing the outfield, became a fan favorite due to his aggressiveness on the basepaths. In the strike-interrupted 1981 rookie season, he batted.304 and set a Major League Baseball rookie record with 71 stolen bases, breaking the previous mark of 56 steals set by Gene Richards in 1977. Raines was caught stealing for the first time in 1981, after having begun his career with a major league record 27 consecutive successful stolen bases. Raines was the runner-up for the National League's Rookie of the Year Award in 1981, won by Los Angeles Dodgers pitcher Fernando Valenzuela. Raines' performance dipped in 1982. At the end of the season, Raines entered treatment for substance abuse, having spent an estimated $40,000 that year on cocaine. To avoid leaving the drug in his locker, Raines carried it in his hip pocket, slid headfirst when running the bases.
He used cocaine before games, in his car, after games, on some occasions, between innings in the clubhouse. Raines would testify at the Pittsburgh drug trials, in September 1985. In 1983, Raines stole a career high of 90 bases, the second-highest total in franchise history, scored 133 runs, a franchise record, he was named Expos Player of the Year in 1983, 1985, 1986. In each season from 1981 to 1986, Raines stole at least 70 bases, he had a career-high.334 batting average in 1986. Raines maintained a high on-base percentage during this period and a rising slugging percentage, reaching a career peak of.429 in 1987. Although he never won a Gold Glove Award, Raines was an excellent defensive player who led the National League with 21 assists in 1983 and, with 4 double plays, tied for the league lead in double plays by an outfielder in 1985. Raines became a free agent on November 12, 1986, but in spite of his league-leading play, no team made a serious attempt to sign him. On May 1, 1987, hours after being permitted to negotiate again with Montreal, Raines signed a new deal with the Expos for $5,000,000 over three years, a $900,000 signing bonus.
In his first game back, on May 2, facing the Mets, although Raines had not participated in spring training or any other competitive preparation for the season, he hit the first pitch he saw off the right-field wall for a triple. Raines finished the game with four hits in five at-bats, three runs, one walk, a stolen base, a game-winning grand slam in the 10th inning. Without having played in April, Raines led the Expos in runs, times on base, runs created, stolen bases, in addition to batting average, on-base percentage, slugging percentage, he garnered MVP honors in the All-Star Game as he delivered a game-winning triple in the 13th inning. Raines would, in 1992, be one of dozens of players retroactively awarded collusion damages, receiving over $865,000; the Expos traded Raines to the Chicago White Sox on December 20, 1990, along with Jeff Carter and a player to be named later identified as Mario Brito, in exchange for Iván Calderón and Barry Jones. Raines admitted that he left Montreal because he wanted to win a World Series and didn't believe that the Expos "had what it took" though he ended up not winning the title in Chicago after all but years with the New York Yankees instead.
In his first season in the American League, Raines hit for a.268 average but with a.359 on-base percentage. His average improved in 1992 to.294 with a.380 on-base percentage. In 1993, despite missing nearly six weeks in April and May due to a torn ligament in his thumb he suffered while stealing a base, he managed to hit.306 with 16 home runs as the White Sox won the American League Western Division title. In the 1993 American League Championship Series against the Toronto Blue Jays, Raines posted a.444 batting average and scored five runs in a losing cause. On December 28, 1995, the White Sox traded Raines to the New York Yankees for future considerations. With the Yankees, Raines received two World Series rings in 1996 and 1998. While his playing time was curtailed due to injuries, he contributed to a loose clubhouse atmosphere, was productive when he came up t
Senator Thomas J. Dodd Memorial Stadium
Senator Thomas J. Dodd Memorial Stadium is a stadium in Norwich, Connecticut, it is used for baseball, and, in 2010, became the home of the Connecticut Tigers of the New York–Penn League. It was the home field of the Connecticut Defenders minor league baseball team until 2009 when the Defenders announced their move to Richmond, Virginia to be the Richmond Flying Squirrels, it was built in 1995 and has a seating capacity of 6,270. It is named for Eastern Connecticut native Thomas Dodd, a United States Senator and Representative from Connecticut, the father of U. S. Senator Christopher Dodd; the stadium is sunk into the surrounding ground, so that all fans enter at street level and walk down to get to their seats. Each section has 22-25 rows of seating, split into reserved seats. Beyond first and third bases, there is a third category of general-admission seats making up the top 10 rows. A wide concourse runs around the top of the seating area, with concession stands, a gift shop; the press box is located at concourse level, overlooking the field.
Other than behind the press box, fans can continue to watch the game while standing in line or while walking around the stadium. There are 18 skyboxes, elevated above the concourse and accessible by stairs or elevator for ticket-holders only; the skyboxes and their outdoor seating serve as cover for the main concourse below, for the top couple rows of reserved seats. Down the left- and right-field lines are grassy berms which are popular with children because they abut the bullpens; these are frequent landing places for foul balls. The left-field side features a large covered picnic area which can be rented out, a kids' play area with inflatable slides. One room off the concourse has been made into a video arcade; the stadium is located in the Norwich Business Park, the parking fee is $3. Season ticket holders park on a paved lot on the first-base side of the stadium. Dodd Stadium hosted the 12th and final Double-A All-Star Game on July 10, 2002, in front of a standing-room-only crowd of 8,009.
The three AA leagues began holding their own separate All-Star Games starting in 2003, with Dodd Stadium hosting the Eastern League game once again on July 11, 2007. The facility has been the site of the New England Collegiate All-Star Game. During the fall of 2006, the stadium was used as the setting for the ESPN miniseries The Bronx Is Burning, based on a Jonathan Mahler book of the same name. From 2002 to 2004, the stadium hosted the Atlantic 10 Conference Baseball Tournament; the event was won by George Washington in 2002, Richmond in 2003, St. Bonaventure in 2004, it hosted the 2011 and 2012 Northeast Conference Baseball Tournaments, both won by Sacred Heart. The Connecticut Huskies baseball team holds some home games at Dodd Stadium, including four in 2012; as part of the 2010 NCAA Division I Baseball Tournament, the Huskies hosted an NCAA Regional at Dodd Stadium. Connecticut Tigers: Dodd Stadium Thomas J. Dodd Memorial Stadium Views - Ball Parks of the Minor Leagues