Conroe High School
Conroe High School is a secondary school in Conroe, is the flagship campus of Conroe ISD. The school is a part of the Conroe Independent School District and serves the CISD portion of the city of Conroe and Shoot, River Plantation; the campus was built in 1964 to replace the older Davy Crockett High School as Conroe's primary high school. The new campus was named for the community it serves; the school absorbs a diverse student body with a slim majority of Hispanics in addition to a sizable portion of whites and African Americans, among other races. In 2006, a huge renovation and addition construction project was begun, adding a new wing to the main building, but another building adjacent to the Rotunda on the western part of campus. Found at Conroe High School is the Academy for Science and Health Professions. In this magnet program, Academy students graduate from Conroe High School and Caney Creek High School. From the 2013–14 school year, Conroe High School's Freshmen Class attended school at the new Conroe High School 9th Grade Campus As of the 2017-2018 school year, CHS had 3,940 students enrolled.
55.0% were Hispanic 30.2% were White 10.1% were African American 1.9% were Asian 0.6% were American Indian 0.1% were Pacific Islander 2.1% were part of Two or More races57.2% of students were listed as Economically Disadvantaged, 13% were English Language Learners. At the beginning of each school year, the Texas Education Agency assigns schools a grade based on three different indices: Student Achievement, School Progress, Closing the Gaps. For each index, schools are classified as "Met Standard" if they receive a grade of at least 60 out of 100. In 2018, Conroe High School received an overall score of 79 and was classified as "Met Standard." The school received scores of 81 in Student Achievement, 81 in School Progress, 74 in Closing the Gaps. In addition, the agency awards schools with "Distinction Designations" if they outperform schools with similar demographics. In 2018, Conroe High School was awarded two of the seven possible Distinction Designations: Academic Achievement in Science and Academic Achievement in Social Studies.
The following schools feed into Conroe High School:Elementary schools: Anderson Armstrong Austin Giesinger Houston Patterson Reaves Rice Runyan WilkinsonFlex schools: StewartIntermediate schools: Bozman Cryar TravisJunior High schools: Peet Washington Kyle Bennett, Pro BMX and Olympian Larry Brantley, voice of Wishbone Jeromy Burnitz, former MLB outfielder for seven different teams Rock Cartwright, former NFL running back for the Washington Redskins and San Francisco 49ers Andrew Cashner, MLB pitcher for the Texas Rangers Colin Edwards, Motorcross Racer, World Superbike Champion, Current Moto GP Racer Wiley Feagin, NFL lineman for the original Baltimore Colts & Washington Redskins Roy Harris, Heavyweight boxer Will Metcalf, investment banker and Republican member of the Texas House of Representatives from Conroe, beginning January 2015 Conroe High School Profile Conroe Independent School District Conroe Alumni Website
Intel International Science and Engineering Fair
The Intel International Science and Engineering Fair is an annual science fair, is owned and administered by the Society for Science & the Public a 501 non-profit organization based in Washington, DC. Each May, more than 1500 students from 70 countries and territories compete in the fair for scholarships, tuition grants, scientific field trips and the grand prizes, including one $75,000 and two $50,000 college scholarships. All prizes together amount to over $4,070,000. Two awards ceremonies are held including: Special Awards Organization Presentation and the Grand Awards Ceremony; the International Science and Engineering Fair was founded in 1950 by Science Service and has been sponsored by the Intel Corporation since 1997. Starting from 2019, the Intel Corporation will no longer be the title sponsor for ISEF. ISEF alumni including Nobel Prize winner Paul Modrich, National Medal of Science winners Richard Zare, Susan Solomon, James Gunn. Other alumni include inventor Alex Deans, SUNY Chancellor Kristina M. Johnson, CRISPR researcher Feng Zhang, Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez.
Contestants are selected from regional and state ISEF affiliated fairs. These fairs encompass multiple states or entire regions of a country; the regional fair committee is responsible for managing the fair. Individual science projects and team science projects both compete for prizes. Teams are composed of two to as many as four high school students; the structure of the competition is as follows: Sunday: Arrival, project setup, fixing Display and Safety violations, pin exchange Monday: Continual arrival and setup, opening ceremony Tuesday: Final project clearance Wednesday: Awards judging over 3 sessions, with both scheduled and unscheduled interviews Thursday: Public visitation day, special awards ceremony Friday: Grand awards ceremony, project teardownAdditionally, time is set aside for students to experience the host city, with ISEF coordinating signups for various tours and activities. A significant component of the program is social, as students interact with each other during mixers and ceremonies.
Throughout much of the week, various seminars are held for students and teachers. Gordon E. Moore Award: $75,000 scholarship, given to the top of the Best of Category Award winners, selected on the basis of innovative research and potential of the project to have an impact in the particular field and the world as a whole. Intel Foundation Young Scientist Award: $50,000 award presented by Intel and SSP to two Best in Category projects. Previous winners include Eesha Khare. Dudley R. Herschbach SIYSS Award: all expense trip paid trip to the Stockholm International Youth Science Seminar, attendance to the Nobel Prize ceremonies. European Union Contest for Young Scientists: All expense paid trip to European Union Contest. Intel Best of Category Awards: Category winners are awarded a $5,000 scholarship; the Intel ISEF Finalist Medal is given to about 1800 student participants at the fair each year. Intel International Excellence in Teaching Award is given during the Intel ISEF since 1997. A prominent awardee was Josette Biyo.
ISEF used to hold a "People's Choice Award" to allow the public to vote for its favorite entries. Since 2001, MIT's Lincoln Laboratory has named asteroids after ISEF winners as part of the Ceres Connection; when Intel began sponsoring ISEF in 1997, the Grand Awards were replaced with the Intel Foundation Young Scientist Awards, awarded to the top three projects. In 2010, the top award was renamed for Intel co-founder Gordon E. Moore. ISEF 1997 Intel Foundation Young Scientist AwardsScott Nicholas Sanders Logan Joseph Kleinwaks Karen Mendelson ISEF 1998 Intel Foundation Young Scientist AwardsJames Warner Lawler Jonathan Adam Kelner Geoffrey Robert Schmidt ISEF 1999 Intel Foundation Young Scientist AwardsJennifer Lynn Pelka Nisha Nagarkatti Feng Zhang ISEF 2000 Intel Foundation Young Scientist AwardsNazanin Jouei Karen Kay Powell Jason L. Douglas ISEF 2001 Intel Foundation Young Scientist AwardsRyan Randall Patterson Monika Paroder Francis Boulva ISEF 2002 Intel Foundation Young Scientist AwardsNaveen Neil Sinha Alexander C.
Mittal Nina Vasan ISEF 2003 Intel Foundation Young Scientist AwardsLisa Doreen Glukhovsky Elena Leah Glassman Anila Madiraju ISEF 2004 Intel Foundation Young Scientist AwardsSarah Rose Langberg Uwe Treske Yuanchen Zhu ISEF 2005 Intel Foundation Young Scientist AwardsGabrielle Alyce Gianelli Stephen Schulz Ameen Abdulrasool ISEF 2006 Intel Foundation Young Scientist AwardsHannah Louise Wolf Madhavi Pulakat Gavini Meredith Ann MacGregor ISEF 2007 Intel Foundation Young Scientist AwardsDayan Li Philip Vidal Streich Dmitry Vaintrob ISEF 2008 Intel Foundation Young Sci
Conroe Independent School District
Conroe Independent School District is a school district based in the Deane L. Sadler Administration/Technology Center in Conroe, Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. CISD serves the cities of Conroe, Oak Ridge North, Shenandoah, the towns of Cut and Shoot and Woodloch, it serves unincorporated communities in Montgomery County, including all of The Woodlands, the Montgomery County portion of Spring, the settlement of Tamina, the community of River Plantation, a portion of the Porter Heights CDP. As of August 2009, the district has 48,700 students in 60 campuses; the CISD area, which covers 348 square miles, is part of the Lone Star College System. The ethnic breakdown of the school district is 63% White, 26.1% Hispanic, 6.7% African American, 3.8% Other. The completion rate is 98.2%. In total, the school district employs over 5,900 employees.. The average enrollment growth is 1,570 per year. In 2005, CISD enrolled displaced Louisianans from the areas affected by Hurricane Katrina who were residing in the Conroe ISD boundaries.
CISD has its own police department of over 40 officers. As of 2007, CISD PD is run by Chief William Harness. In 2011, the school district was rated "recognized" by the Texas Education Agency. In 1886, the Conroe Public School’s first classes were held in a one-room school constructed of rough lumber near the present community of Beach; the first African American school was located in Central Baptist Church at Madeley Quarters. The Conroe Independent School District was created by the Commissioners Court of Montgomery County, July 12, 1892, by consolidating the twelve Common School Districts surrounding Conroe; this area covered 25 square miles. Conroe ISD was created on July 1892 by the Commissioners Court of Montgomery County, Texas. At that time, the County Judge was ex officio Superintendent of Schools and he appointed three trustees to assist him. A County School Superintendent and three trustees were elected by a vote of the people to act as treasurer of school tax money and serve as administrators over the community schools of the county.
The first graduating class of Conroe High School, one male and three females, received their diplomas in 1902. The 39th Legislature of the State of Texas in 1925 mandated the enlargement of the District by keeping intact the defined 25 square miles and adding numerous other surrounding school areas bringing the district to 333 square miles. Prior to the 1925 consolidation, few children in rural areas were able to attend high school. Conroe ISD occupies 61 campuses over the 348 square miles that the District encompasses; the oldest campus is Travis Intermediate School Crockett High School. In 2017, Conroe ISD graduated over 3,500 seniors. Conroe High School and Conroe High School 9th Grade Campus Academy of Science & Health Professions Oak Ridge High School and Oak Ridge High School 9th Grade Campus Academy for Careers in Engineering and Science The Woodlands High School and The Woodlands High School 9th Grade Campus The Woodlands College Park High School Academy of Science & Technology Caney Creek High School Hauke Academic Alternative High School – Crockett Building Grand Oaks High School Opening in the Fall of 2018 Neal Knox Junior High School McCullough Junior High School Moorhead Junior High School John V. Peet Junior High School Booker T. Washington Junior High School National Blue Ribbon School in 1992–93 York Junior High School Gerald D.
Irons Sr. Junior High School Joel L. Deretchin K–6 School Jean E. Stewart K–6 School Coulson Tough K–6 School Suchma K-6 School Oree Bozman Intermediate school Collins Intermediate School Cryar Intermediate School Grangerland Intermediate School George P. Mitchell Intermediate School Travis Intermediate School Dolly Vogel Intermediate School W. O. Wilkerson Intermediate School Tom Cox Intermediate School Katherine J. Clark Intermediate School Opening In The Fall of 2018 Anderson Elementary School Neil Armstrong Elementary School Stephen F. Austin Elementary School Birnham Woods Elementary School Sue Park Broadway Elementary School Don A. Buckalew Elementary School Barbara Pierce Bush Elementary School Gerald J. Creighton, Jr. Elementary School David Elementary School (The Woodlan
Belize is a country located on the eastern coast of Central America. Belize is bordered on the northwest by Mexico, on the east by the Caribbean Sea, on the south and west by Guatemala, it has an area of 22,970 square kilometres and a population of 387,879. Its mainland is 68 mi wide, it has the lowest population density in Central America. The country's population growth rate of 1.87% per year is the second highest in the region and one of the highest in the Western Hemisphere. The Mayan civilization spread into the area of Belize between 1500 B. C. and 300 A. D. and flourished until about 1200. European exploration campaigns began in 1502 when Christopher Columbus sailed along the Gulf of Honduras. European settlement was begun by English settlers in 1638; this period was marked by Spain and Britain both laying claim to the land until Britain defeated the Spanish in the Battle of St. George's Caye, it became a British colony in 1840, known as British Honduras, a Crown colony in 1862. Independence was achieved from the United Kingdom on 21 September 1981.
Belize has a diverse society, composed of many cultures and languages that reflect its rich history. English is the official language of Belize. Over half the population is multilingual, with Spanish being the second most common spoken language, it is known for its extensive barrier reef coral reefs and punta music. Belize's abundance of terrestrial and marine species and its diversity of ecosystems give it a key place in the globally significant Mesoamerican Biological Corridor, it is considered a Central American and Caribbean nation with strong ties to both the American and Caribbean regions. It is a member of the Caribbean Community, the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, the Central American Integration System, the only country to hold full membership in all three regional organisations. Belize is a Commonwealth realm, with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state; the earliest known record of the name "Belize" appears in the journal of the Dominican priest Fray José Delgado, dating to 1677.
Delgado recorded the names of three major rivers that he crossed while travelling north along the Caribbean coast: Rio Soyte, Rio Xibum and Rio Balis. The names of these waterways, which correspond to the Sittee River, Sibun River and Belize River, were provided to Delgado by his translator, it is that Delgado's "Balis" was the Mayan word belix, meaning "muddy-watered". Some have suggested that the name derives from a Spanish pronunciation of the name of the Scottish buccaneer Peter Wallace, who established a settlement at the mouth of the Belize River in 1638. There is no proof that Wallace settled in this area and some scholars have characterized this claim as a myth. Writers and historians have suggested several other possible etymologies, including postulated French and African origins; the Maya civilization emerged at least three millennia ago in the lowland area of the Yucatán Peninsula and the highlands to the south, in the area of present-day southeastern Mexico, Belize and western Honduras.
Many aspects of this culture persist in the area despite nearly 500 years of European domination. Prior to about 2500 BC, some hunting and foraging bands settled in small farming villages. A profusion of languages and subcultures developed within the Maya core culture. Between about 2500 BC and 250 AD, the basic institutions of Maya civilization emerged; the peak of this civilization occurred during the classic period, which began about 250 AD. The Maya civilization spread across what is now Belize around 1500 BC, flourished there until about AD 900; the recorded history of the middle and southern regions is dominated by Caracol, an urban political centre that may have supported over 140,000 people. North of the Maya Mountains, the most important political centre was Lamanai. In the late Classic Era of Maya civilisation, as many as one million people may have lived in the area, now Belize; when Spanish explorers arrived in the 16th century, the area, now Belize included three distinct Maya territories: Chetumal province, which encompassed the area around Corozal Bay.
Spanish conquistadors explored the land and declared it a Spanish colony but chose not to settle and develop because of its lack of resources and the hostile Indian tribes of the Yucatán. English and Scottish settlers and pirates known as the Baymen entered the area from the 17th century, with Baymen first settling on the coast of what is now Belize in 1638, seeking a sheltered region from which they could attack Spanish ships; the settlers established a trade colony and port in what became the Belize District, during the 18th century, established a system using black slaves to cut logwood trees. This yielded a valuable fixing agent for clothing dyes, was one of the first ways to achieve a fast black before the advent of artificial dyes; the Spanish granted the British settlers the right to occupy the area and cut logwood in exchange for their help suppressing piracy. The British first appointed a superintendent over the Belize area in 1786. Before the British government had not recognized the settlement as a colony for fear of provoking a Spanish attack.
The delay in governm
In the U. S. education system, magnet schools are public schools with specialized curricula. "Magnet" refers to how the schools draw students from across the normal boundaries defined by authorities as school zones that feed into certain schools. There are magnet schools at the elementary and high school levels. In the United States, where education is decentralized, some magnet schools are established by school districts and draw only from the district, while others are set up by state governments and may draw from multiple districts. Other magnet programs are within comprehensive schools, as is the case with several "schools within a school". In large urban areas, several magnet schools with different specializations may be combined into a single "center", such as Skyline High School in Dallas. Other countries have similar types such as specialist schools in England; the majority of these are academically selective. Other schools are built around elite-sporting programs or teach agricultural skills such as farming or animal breeding.
Magnet schools emerged in the United States in the 1970s as one means of remedying racial segregation in public schools, they were written into law in Section 5301 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Authorization. Demographic trends following the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education US Supreme Court decision revealed a pattern characterized as white flight, the hypersegregation of blacks and whites, as the latter moved to the suburbs. At first, districts tried using involuntary plans which involved court-ordered attendance, the busing of children far from their homes, building closer schools to achieve the required balance. Voluntary school integration plans were developed. One approach that educators within the public school system came up with was open schools. During the Open Schools movement of the 1970s, several ideas designed to influence public education were put into practice, including Schools without Walls, Schools within a School, Multicultural Schools, Continuation Schools, Learning Centers, Fundamental Schools, Magnet Schools.
"These schools were characterized by parent and teacher choice, autonomy in learning and pace, non-competitive evaluation, a child centered approach." Magnet schools have been the most successful of the ideas that originated from the Open Schools movement. It was expounded in 1971 by educator Nolan Estes, superintendent of Dallas Independent School District; the Magnet Schools Assistance Program was developed in the early 1980s as a way to encourage schools to address de facto racial segregation. Funds were given to school districts that implemented voluntary desegregation plans or court orders to reduce racial isolation. From 1985 to 1999, a US district court judge required the state of Missouri to fund the creation of magnet schools in the Kansas City Public Schools to reverse the white flight that had afflicted the school district since the 1960s; the district's annual budget more than tripled in the process. The expenditure per pupil and the student-teacher ratio were the best of any major school district in the nation.
Many high schools were given college-level facilities. Still, test scores in the magnet schools did not rise. On September 20, 2011, The Missouri Board of Education voted unanimously to withdraw the district's educational accreditation status from January 1, 2012. Districts started embracing the magnet school models in the hope that their geographically open admissions would end racial segregation in "good" schools and decrease de facto segregation of schools in poorer areas. To encourage the voluntary desegregation, districts started developing magnet schools to draw students to specialized schools all across their districts; each magnet school would have a specialized curriculum that would draw students based on their interests. One of the goals of magnet schools is to eliminate and prevent minority group isolation while providing the students with a stronger knowledge of academic subjects and vocational skills. Magnet schools still continue to be models for school improvement plans and provide students with opportunities to succeed in a diverse learning environment.
Within a few years, in locations such as Richmond, additional magnet school programs for children with special talents were developed at facilities in locations that parents would have otherwise found undesirable. That effort to both attract voluntary enrollment and achieve the desired racial balance met with considerable success and helped improve the acceptance of farther distances, hardships with transportation for extracurricular activities, the separation of siblings; as districts such as Richmond were released from desegregation court orders, the parental selection of magnet school programs has continued to create more racially diverse schools than would have otherwise been possible. With a wide range of magnet schools available, a suitable program could be found for more children than only the "bright" ones for whom the earliest efforts were directed; some 21st-century magnet schools have de-emphasized the racial integration aspects, such as Capital Prep Magnet School, a high school in Hartford, Connecticut.
Capital Prep, a year-round school where more than 80% of its students are black and Latino, boasts a near-0% dropout rate. According to the school's principal, the goal is to prepare all of its students for college. Since coming into fruition, the number of magnet schools has risen dramatically. Over 232 school districts housed magnet school programs in the early 1990s. By the end of the decade, nearly 1,400 magnet schools were operating across the co
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is an independent agency of the United States Federal Government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research. NASA was established in 1958; the new agency was to have a distinctly civilian orientation, encouraging peaceful applications in space science. Since its establishment, most US space exploration efforts have been led by NASA, including the Apollo Moon landing missions, the Skylab space station, the Space Shuttle. NASA is supporting the International Space Station and is overseeing the development of the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle, the Space Launch System and Commercial Crew vehicles; the agency is responsible for the Launch Services Program which provides oversight of launch operations and countdown management for unmanned NASA launches. NASA science is focused on better understanding Earth through the Earth Observing System. From 1946, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics had been experimenting with rocket planes such as the supersonic Bell X-1.
In the early 1950s, there was challenge to launch an artificial satellite for the International Geophysical Year. An effort for this was the American Project Vanguard. After the Soviet launch of the world's first artificial satellite on October 4, 1957, the attention of the United States turned toward its own fledgling space efforts; the US Congress, alarmed by the perceived threat to national security and technological leadership, urged immediate and swift action. On January 12, 1958, NACA organized a "Special Committee on Space Technology", headed by Guyford Stever. On January 14, 1958, NACA Director Hugh Dryden published "A National Research Program for Space Technology" stating: It is of great urgency and importance to our country both from consideration of our prestige as a nation as well as military necessity that this challenge be met by an energetic program of research and development for the conquest of space... It is accordingly proposed that the scientific research be the responsibility of a national civilian agency...
NACA is capable, by rapid extension and expansion of its effort, of providing leadership in space technology. While this new federal agency would conduct all non-military space activity, the Advanced Research Projects Agency was created in February 1958 to develop space technology for military application. On July 29, 1958, Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act, establishing NASA; when it began operations on October 1, 1958, NASA absorbed the 43-year-old NACA intact. A NASA seal was approved by President Eisenhower in 1959. Elements of the Army Ballistic Missile Agency and the United States Naval Research Laboratory were incorporated into NASA. A significant contributor to NASA's entry into the Space Race with the Soviet Union was the technology from the German rocket program led by Wernher von Braun, now working for the Army Ballistic Missile Agency, which in turn incorporated the technology of American scientist Robert Goddard's earlier works. Earlier research efforts within the US Air Force and many of ARPA's early space programs were transferred to NASA.
In December 1958, NASA gained control of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a contractor facility operated by the California Institute of Technology. The agency's leader, NASA's administrator, is nominated by the President of the United States subject to approval of the US Senate, reports to him or her and serves as senior space science advisor. Though space exploration is ostensibly non-partisan, the appointee is associated with the President's political party, a new administrator is chosen when the Presidency changes parties; the only exceptions to this have been: Democrat Thomas O. Paine, acting administrator under Democrat Lyndon B. Johnson, stayed on while Republican Richard Nixon tried but failed to get one of his own choices to accept the job. Paine was confirmed by the Senate in March 1969 and served through September 1970. Republican James C. Fletcher, appointed by Nixon and confirmed in April 1971, stayed through May 1977 into the term of Democrat Jimmy Carter. Daniel Goldin was appointed by Republican George H. W. Bush and stayed through the entire administration of Democrat Bill Clinton.
Robert M. Lightfoot, Jr. associate administrator under Democrat Barack Obama, was kept on as acting administrator by Republican Donald Trump until Trump's own choice Jim Bridenstine, was confirmed in April 2018. Though the agency is independent, the survival or discontinuation of projects can depend directly on the will of the President; the first administrator was Dr. T. Keith Glennan appointed by Republican President Dwight D. Eisenhower. During his term he brought together the disparate projects in American space development research; the second administrator, James E. Webb, appointed by President John F. Kennedy, was a Democrat who first publicly served under President Harry S. Truman. In order to implement the Apollo program to achieve Kennedy's Moon la
Conroe is a city in Texas, United States. It is the seat of Montgomery County and a principal city in the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area, it is about 40 miles north of Houston. As of 2016, the population was 82,286, up from 56,207 in 2010. According to the Census Bureau, Conroe was the fastest-growing large city in the United States between July 1, 2015, July 1, 2016; the city is named after Houston lumberman Isaac Conroe. Conroe founded a sawmill there in 1881; the city gained in wealth due to the lumber and oil industries. Named "Conroe's Switch", the area saw an influx of residents in the late 19th century due to the lumber demands on the piney wood forest of the area. During the 1930s, because of oil profits, the city boasted more millionaires per capita than any other U. S. city, though only briefly. After the construction of Interstate 45, many Houstonians began to settle communities around Conroe; the Office of Management and Budget classifies Conroe as a principal city within the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area.
The city is about 40 miles north of Houston. When Conroe incorporated in 1904, the city limits encompassed a 5.44 square mile area. From 1970 to 2000, the city limits expanded from 7.15 square miles to 42.35 square miles. Beginning in 2007, the city outlined a plan to continue expanding its city limits through annexation. According to Chapter 43 of the Texas Local Government Code, home rule municipalities like Conroe may annex territory, adjacent to the city's current boundaries, with certain restrictions; the city's 2007 plan was to double its size through a combination of voluntary and involuntary annexations. In voluntary annexations, the city enters into an agreement with the property owner to annex the territory once it has been developed. Involuntary annexations occur when the city places adjacent unincorporated territory into a three-year annexation plan without obtaining the property owners' consent; as of 2018, the city has annexed territory every year since 2007, increasing the city limits from 52.8 to 72.0 square miles.
April Sound, a gated community along the shores of Lake Conroe, was annexed by the city on January 1, 2015. Prior to annexation, the community's water and sewage services were provided by two separate Municipal Utility Districts; when annexation was first approved by the Conroe city council in December 2011, the districts opposed it. In response, the city negotiated an agreement in 2013 that would allow the districts to continue to provide services to April Sound residents. However, some April Sound residents did not support the annexation, including a group of residents who filed a lawsuit against the city in April 2015; the lawsuit was dismissed in March 2017. Involuntary annexations were a major issue in the 2016 mayoral election, the first after April Sound residents were incorporated into the city. Proponents of annexation contended that it was a useful tool to "promote and facilitate growth and progress," while those in opposition were concerned about whether annexed territories receive a "fair shake" in the negotiations.
Toby Powell, who campaigned against "forced annexations," won the election. In 2017, the city council voted in favor of additional involuntary annexations over Powell's objection. Conroe is in the southwest corner of the East Texas Piney Woods; the Piney Woods consist of pine trees and hardwood forests. The most common type of tree in the southwest Piney Woods is the loblolly pine. Shortleaf pine are abundant. Pockets of blackland prairie vegetation are present, but are disappearing due to urbanization. In 1926, the Texas A&M Forest Service purchased 1700 acres of Piney Woods to establish W. Goodrich Jones State Forest; the forest serves as a demonstration area for sustainable forestry techniques. The forest preserves the habitat of the red-cockaded woodpecker, a species classified as Near Threatened by the IUCN. In 2017, Texas A&M asked Conroe state senator Brandon Creighton to author a bill setting aside 10 percent of the forest for educational and research-related development; the bill opened the possibility of commercial development on the land.
Public concern over the bill persuaded Creighton to revise it. The final version, which passed the Senate unanimously, protected the entire forest from development; the West Fork of the San Jacinto River flows through the western edge of Conroe. The entire city is within the river's watershed; the river flows southeast from Lake Conroe, a 19,640 surface acre lake dammed in 1973 as an alternative source of drinking water for Houston. Conroe sits on several geologic layers of underground aquifers, which supply the city with fresh drinking water. Due to the rapid development of the land and increased population of Conroe and the surrounding area, the groundwater supply is being withdrawn faster than it can be replenished; as a result, the Lone Star Groundwater Conservation District, which oversees groundwater usage in Montgomery County, mandated that Conroe reduce its groundwater usage by 30 percent of 2009 amounts by January 1, 2016. As part of the groundwater usage reduction plan, the San Jacinto River Authority began in September 2015 to supplement Conroe's groundwater supply with surface water pumped from Lake Conroe.
The SJRA charges the city usage fees to cover the cost of treating the water. On August 27, 2015, the City of Conroe filed a lawsuit against the Lone Star Groundwater Conservation District, claiming that the LSGCD did not have the authority to limit the city's groundwater usage; the city refused to pay SJRA water usage fee increases in 2016, resulting in a separate lawsuit filed by the SJRA against the city. As of 2017, both lawsuits are still ongoing, resulting in legal fees charged to the c