Charles Hale of Boston was a legislator in the Massachusetts state House and Senate intermittently between 1855 and 1877. He was Speaker of the House in 1859. In the 1860s he lived in Egypt, as the American consul-general. From 1872 to 1873 he worked as United States Assistant Secretary of State under Hamilton Fish. Hale was born to Sarah Preston Everett. Siblings included Sarah Everett Hale, Nathan Hale Jr. Lucretia Peabody Hale, Edward Everett Hale, Alexander Hale, Susan Hale. Charles graduated from Harvard College in 1850, he served as class secretary, 1850-1882. In his early career, Hale worked as a journalist, he founded the short-lived journal To-Day: a Boston Literary Journal in 1852, of which only two volumes were published. He contributed to his father's paper, the Boston Daily Advertiser, in the 1850s and 1860s. There he started as a reporter after graduation, was a junior editor, he contributed to the North American Review and to the Nautical Almanac. In 1855, Hale was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives and was chosen Speaker in 1859, up to that time the youngest man chosen for the position.
He served as U. S. consul-general in Cairo, Egypt, 1864-1870. In Cairo he "arrested the conspirator, John Surratt," suspected of plotting the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. In 1871, he was elected to the Massachusetts Senate, he was appointed chairman of the committee on railroads, in which capacity he drew up a general railroad act, was active in securing its enactment. From 1872 to 1873 he worked under Hamilton Fish, he returned to Boston and was again elected to the state House of Representatives in 1876 and 1877. He was appointed State Commissioner of Public Lands, responsible for "laying out the Back Bay."During the latter part of his life he lived in retirement, occupied in literary work, much of the time was an invalid. He died in 1882. A funeral was held at the South Congregational Church at 3 pm. "Among those present were the Hon. Robert R. Bishop, President of the State Senate, he is buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery. To-Day: a Boston Literary Journal. V.1. Nathan Hale, Charles Hale, eds..
Journal of debates and proceedings in the Convention of delegates: chosen to revise the constitution of Massachusetts and holden at Boston, November 15, 1820, continued by adjournment to January 9, 1821, Reported for the Boston Daily Advertiser. Boston: Pub. at the office of the Daily Advertiser. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter "Our houses are our castles": A review of the proceedings of the Nunnery Committee, of the Massachusetts Legislature. Boston: C. Hale, at the office of the Boston Daily Advertiser. 1855. Documents in: Papers relating to the foreign relations of the United States. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1868. "The Khedive and the Court." Atlantic Monthly, May 1876. "Municipal Indebtedness." Atlantic Monthly, Dec. 1876. Hon. Charles Hale. New York Times, Feb 14, 1872. P. 1. Alpha Delta Phi: college secret society in convention.... Oration by Charles Hale of Boston... Contrasts Between American Civilization. Other American Visitors to Egypt. Contemporary History of Egypt; the Reign of Ismall Pacha.
The Pacha's Dignity. Ismall Pacha's Claim to Statesmanship. Railroad Progress in Egypt. Telegraph Extension. Admirable Systems of Statistics. Boston Daily Globe, Jun 4, 1875. P. 1. Dictionary of American Biography. 1879 The life and letters of Edward Everett Hale. Boston: Little, Brown, 1917 Letters of Susan Hale. Boston: Marshall Jones company, 1919. "Hippopotamus statuette of the Middle Kingdom". Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. 1951. Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Karen Sánchez-Eppler. "Practicing For Print: The Hale Children's Manuscript Libraries." Journal of the History of Childhood and Youth, Volume 1, Number 2, Spring 2008
Horatio Seymour was an American politician. He served as Governor of New York from 1853 to 1854 and from 1863 to 1864, he was the Democratic Party nominee for president in the 1868 presidential election. Born in Pompey, New York, Seymour was admitted to the New York bar in 1832 but focused on managing his family's business interests. After serving as a military secretary to Governor William L. Marcy, Seymour won election to the New York State Assembly, he was aligned with Marcy's "Softshell Hunker" faction. Seymour was narrowly lost to the Whig candidate, Washington Hunt, he defeated Hunt in the 1852 gubernatorial election, spent much of his tenure trying to reunify the fractured Democratic Party, losing his 1854 re-election campaign in part due to this disunity. Despite this defeat, Seymour emerged as prominent national figure within the party; as several Southern states threatened secession, Seymour supported the Crittenden Compromise as a way to avoid civil war. He supported the Union war effort during the Civil War but criticized President Abraham Lincoln's leadership.
He won election to another term as governor in 1862 and continued to oppose many of Lincoln's policies. Several delegates at the 1864 Democratic National Convention hoped to nominate Seymour for president, but Seymour declined to seek the nomination. Beset by various issues, he narrowly lost re-election in 1864. After the war, Seymour supported President Andrew Johnson's Reconstruction policies. Entering the 1868 Democratic National Convention, there was no clear front-runner for the Democratic presidential nomination, but Seymour remained popular. Serving as the chairman of the convention, as he had in 1864, Seymour refused to seek the nomination for himself. After twenty-two indecisive ballots, the convention nominated Seymour, who relented on his opposition to running for president. Seymour faced General Ulysses S. Grant, the popular Republican Party nominee, in the 1868 election. Grant won a strong majority of the electoral vote, though his margin in the popular vote was not as overwhelming.
Seymour never again sought public office but remained active in politics and supported Grover Cleveland's 1884 campaign for president. Horatio Seymour was born in Onondaga County, New York, his father was a merchant and politician. He was one of six children, his sister Julia Catherine became the wife of Roscoe Conkling. At the age of 10 he moved with the rest of his family to Utica, where he attended a number of local schools, including Geneva College. In the autumn of 1824 he was sent to the American Scientific & Military Academy. Upon his return to Utica after graduating in 1828, Seymour read for the law in the offices of Greene Bronson and Samuel Beardsley. Though admitted to the bar in 1832, he did not enjoy work as an attorney and was preoccupied with politics and managing his family's business interests, he married Mary Bleecker in 1835. Seymour's first role in politics came in 1833, when he was named military secretary to the state's newly elected Democratic governor, William L. Marcy with the rank of colonel.
The six years in that position gave Seymour an invaluable education in the politics of the state, established a firm friendship between the two men. In 1839 he returned to Utica to take over the management of his family's estate in the aftermath of his father's suicide two years earlier, investing profitably in real estate, mines and other ventures. In 1841 he won election to the New York State Assembly, he served as mayor of Utica from 1842 to 1843, he won election to the Assembly again in 1843 to 1844, thanks in part to massive turnover in the ranks of the Democratic caucus he was elected speaker in 1845. When, in the late 1840s, the New York Democratic Party split between the two factions of Hunkers and Barnburners, Seymour was among those identified with the more conservative Hunker faction, led by Marcy and Senator Daniel S. Dickinson. After this split led to disaster in the elections of 1848, when the division between the Hunkers, who supported Lewis Cass, the Barnburners, who supported their leader, former President Martin Van Buren, Seymour became identified with Marcy's faction within the Hunkers, the so-called "Softshell Hunkers," who hoped to reunite with the Barnburners so as to be able to bring back Democratic dominance within the state.
In 1850, Seymour was the gubernatorial candidate of the reunited Democratic Party, but he narrowly lost to the Whig candidate, Washington Hunt. Seymour and the Softs supported the candidacy of their leader, for the presidency in 1852, but when he was defeated they enthusiastically campaigned for Franklin Pierce in 1852; that year proved a good one for the Softs, as Seymour, again supported by a unified Democratic Party, narrowly defeated Hunt in a gubernatorial rematch, while Pierce, overwhelmingly elected president, appointed Marcy as his Secretary of State. Seymour's first term as governor of New York proved turbulent, he won approval of a measure to finance the enlargement of the Erie Canal via a $10.5 million loan in a special election in February 1854. But much of his tenure was plagued by factional chaos within the state Democratic Party; the Pierce administration's use of the patronage power alienated the Hards, who determined to run their own gubernatorial candidate against Seymour in 1854.
Furthermore, the administration's support of the unpopular Kansas–Nebraska Act, with which Seymour was associated indirectly through his friendship
Augustus Williamson Bradford, a Democrat, was the 32nd Governor of Maryland in the United States from 1862 to 1866. He paid a heavy price for his devotion to the Union. Augustus Williamson Bradford was born in Bel Air, Maryland on January 9, 1806, the son of Samuel Bradford and Jane Bond, he graduated from St. Mary's College in 1824. After graduation, he studied law under the tutelage of Otho Scott, was admitted to the bar in 1826, he moved to Baltimore and lived there for the rest of his life. He married Elizabeth Kell on November 10, 1835, they had twelve children, of whom seven survived their father. In 1845, Governor Thomas Pratt appointed Bradford the Clerk of the Baltimore County Court, a post he occupied until 1851. In February 1861, Governor Thomas H. Hicks appointed Bradford one of Maryland's delegates to the Washington Peace Conference, where he made a speech supporting the Union. Following the conference, the Union Party named Bradford as its candidate for governor, opposing the Democratic candidate General Benjamin C.
Howard. Bradford defeated Howard by 30,000 votes and took office on January 8, 1862. During his term, he violently opposed the Federal government's interference in Maryland's elections, upheld the dignity of the State government and defied the harsh and arbitrary military occupation, went to great lengths to keep the State in the Union. At the same time he upheld the Federal government's authority. In September 1862, he was one of the many northern governors to attend the Loyal War Governors' Conference in Altoona, Pennsylvania. During the Civil War, the Confederates invaded Maryland three times. During the last of these, Bradley T. Johnson’s raiders visited Bradford’s home in July 1864, during his absence, burned it to the ground together with all his furniture and papers; this action was in retaliation for Union General David Hunter’s burning of the home of Governor John Letcher of Virginia, because of Bradford’s "uncompromising spirit and strong leanings."During his four years in office, Augustus Bradford released Samuel Green from jail on the condition he leave the state.
Green was an African-American slave and minister, jailed in 1857 for possessing a copy of the novel Uncle Tom's Cabin. He encouraged immigration into Maryland after the abolition of slavery, supported the appointment of a State Superintendent of Schools and School Commissioners, the establishment of a system of education, was instrumental in reorganizing the militia and in assisting in the movement to acquire a portion of the Gettysburg battlefield for a cemetery for the Union dead; the Constitution of 1864 which abolished slavery in the State and disenfranchised those who fought for or aided the Confederacy was only ratified by the vote of the soldiers in spite of Bradford's efforts to secure its adoption. In this respect, it was an unsatisfactory document and it remained operative for only three years. Bradford objected to the federal government's policy of enlisting slaves in the Union Army at least until their owners could be compensated. At the only election held under the Constitution of 1864, that of November 8, 1864, Thomas Swann was elected as Bradford's successor.
He took his oath of office on January 11, 1865, but by a provision of the Constitution, he did not become Governor until January 10, 1866. After his retirement from office, President Andrew Johnson appointed Bradford the Surveyor of the Port of Baltimore, which he served as until April 1869, he became a Democrat about 1872, he was elected one of the Horace Greeley presidential electors in that year. He retired in 1869, died in Baltimore on March 1, 1881. Funeral services were held at the Mount Vernon M. E. Church, he was buried in Greenmount Cemetery in Baltimore, Maryland
Soldiers' National Monument
The Soldiers' National Monument is a Gettysburg Battlefield memorial, located at the central point of Gettysburg National Cemetery. It honors the battle's soldiers and tells an allegory of "peace and plenty under freedom … following a heroic struggle." In addition to an inscription with the last 4 lines of the Gettysburg Address, the shaft with 4 buttresses has 5 statues: A large statue representing the concept of Liberty surmounts the pedestal. Eighteen large bronze stars circling the pedestal below this statue represent the eighteen Union states with buried dead. Four statues are located at each corner near the base, they represent War, History and Plenty. War is represented by a statue of an American soldier who recounts the story of the battle to History. In turn, History records, with stylus and tablet, the achievements of the battle and the names of the honored dead. A statue of an American mechanic and his tools illustrates Peace. Plenty is a female figure with a sheaf of wheat and the fruits of the earth that typify peace and abundance as the soldier's crowning triumph.
Massachusetts approved appropriations to the Gettysburg Soldiers' National Monument Association on March 14, 1865. The monument without the "Plenty" or "Peace" statues was dedicated in 1869 with the prayer by Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, followed by an address by Gen. George G. Meade, oration by Senator Oliver P. Morton, poem by Bayard Taylor; the monument's "Plenty" statue was placed on August 26, 1869. Contrary to popular belief, the monument does not rest on the site of the oration of the Gettysburg Address
Andrew Gregg Curtin
Andrew Gregg Curtin was a U. S. lawyer and politician. He served as the Governor of Pennsylvania during the Civil War. Curtin was born in Pennsylvania. Sources vary as to his birth date; some list April 22, 1815. Curtin's gravestone uses the 1815 date, his parents were Roland Curtin, Sr. a wealthy Irish-born iron manufacturer from County Clare, Jane Curtin, the daughter of U. S. Senator Andrew Gregg, his father, with Miles Boggs, established the Eagle Ironworks at Curtin Village in 1810. He attended Bellefonte Academy and Dickinson College and the Dickinson School of Law and was employed as a lawyer. Curtin first entered politics in the 1840 election, where he campaigned for Whig presidential candidate William Henry Harrison. In 1855, Governor James Pollock appointed him as Superintendent of Public Schools. With the collapse of the Whigs, Curtin switched to the newly formed Republican Party and ran for governor of Pennsylvania in 1860. Curtin won re-election to the office in 1863. In the 1860 presidential election, Curtin helped.
Curtin was a strong supporter of President Lincoln's policies in the Civil War, Curtin committed Pennsylvania to the war effort. Curtin organized the Pennsylvania Reserves into combat units, oversaw the construction of the first Union military camp for training militia, it opened in an agricultural school nearby Harrisburg as Camp Curtin on April 18, 1861, more than 300,000 men were drilled there during 4 years. In the years that followed, Curtin became a close friend and confidant of Abraham Lincoln, visiting the White House several times in order to converse about the status of the war effort. Curtin was active during the Gettysburg Campaign, working with Major General Darius N. Couch and Major Granville O. Haller to delay Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia and prevent it from crossing the Susquehanna River. Major General George G. Meade, a Pennsylvania officer whom Curtin had recommended for brigadier general and command of one of the Pennsylvania reserve brigades in 1861, defeated Lee in the Battle of Gettysburg.
After the Battle of Gettysburg, Governor Curtin was the principal force behind the establishment of the National Cemetery there. Through his agent, David Wills, Curtin procured the attendance of President Abraham Lincoln at the dedication of the cemetery. Governor Curtin was sitting with Lincoln on the platform on November 19, 1863, when Lincoln delivered his Gettysburg Address. In his first term, Governor Curtin suffered a severe breakdown from the stresses of war. Secretary of State Eli Slifer handled governmental affairs during the frequent periods when Curtin was incapacitated. President Lincoln offered the governor a diplomatic position abroad, but he chose to run for reelection in 1863. To coordinate Union war efforts, Curtin convened the Loyal War Governors' Conference on September 24 and 25, 1862, in Altoona; this event was one of his most significant contributions to the Union war effort. He formed the Pennsylvania State Agency in Washington, another branch in Nashville, Tennessee, to provide support for wounded soldiers on the battlefield and returned home.
He founded the state-funded Orphan's School to aid and educate children of military men who had died for the Union cause. Soon after the war, Curtin was elected a 3rd Class Companion of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States in recognition of his support for the Union during the war. After the war, Curtin lost his party's Senate nomination to Simon Cameron, was appointed Ambassador to Russia by President Ulysses S. Grant. Curtin switched to the Democratic Party, served as a Congressman from 1881 until 1887, he died at his birthplace of Bellefonte, is buried there in Union Cemetery. Curtin's family was prominent in the Civil War, he was the great-grandson of James Potter, the vice-president of Pennsylvania, was the grandson of Andrew Gregg a prominent Pennsylvania politician. He was the uncle of John I. Gregg and cousin of David McMurtrie Gregg, both Union generals in the Civil War, he was a cousin of Col. John I. Curtin. Eicher, John H. and David J. Eicher. Civil War High Commands.
Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. "Bucknell University's Biography of Andrew Gregg Curtin". Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved July 1, 2005. United States Congress. "Andrew Gregg Curtin". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2009-03-23 Life and Times of Andrew Gregg Curtin "Andrew Gregg Curtin". Find a Grave. Retrieved March 23, 2009. Curtin Clan Association Ancestry Centre
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border, its capital is Ottawa, its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra, its population is urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons. Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century and French expeditions explored, settled, along the Atlantic coast.
As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces; this began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with Elizabeth II as its queen and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the federal cabinet and head of government; the country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, education.
It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. A developed country, Canada has the sixteenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index, its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. While a variety of theories have been postulated for the etymological origins of Canada, the name is now accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement".
In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona. Cartier used the word Canada to refer not only to that particular village but to the entire area subject to Donnacona. From the 16th to the early 18th century "Canada" referred to the part of New France that lay along the Saint Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named the Canadas. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the legal name for the new country at the London Conference, the word Dominion was conferred as the country's title. By the 1950s, the term Dominion of Canada was no longer used by the United Kingdom, which considered Canada a "Realm of the Commonwealth"; the government of Louis St. Laurent ended the practice of using'Dominion' in the Statutes of Canada in 1951. In 1982, the passage of the Canada Act, bringing the Constitution of Canada under Canadian control, referred only to Canada, that year the name of the national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day.
The term Dominion was used to distinguish the federal government from the provinces, though after the Second World War the term federal had replaced dominion. Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Métis, the last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married European settlers; the term "Aboriginal" as a collective noun is a specific term of art used in some legal documents, including the Constitution Act 1982. The first inhabitants of North America are hypothesized to have migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 14,000 years ago; the Paleo-Indian archeological sites at Old Crow Flats and Bluefish Caves are two of the oldest sites of human habitation in Canada. The characteristics of Canadian indigenous societies included permanent settlements, complex societal hierarchies, trading networks; some of these cultures had collapsed by the time European explorers arrived in the late 15th and early 16th centuries and have only been discovered through archeological investigations.
The indigenous population at the time of the first European settlements is estimated to have been between 200,000
John L. Burns
John Lawrence Burns, veteran of the War of 1812, became a 69-year-old civilian combatant with the Union Army at the Battle of Gettysburg during the American Civil War. He survived to become a national celebrity. Burns was born in New Jersey, of Scottish ancestry, he served as an enlisted man in the War of 1812, fighting in numerous battles, including Lundy's Lane, volunteered for both the Mexican–American War and the Civil War. He was rejected for combat duty in the latter war due to his advanced age, but he served as a teamster in support of the Union Army, he was sent home against his will to Gettysburg, where he was named constable. During Confederate Maj. Gen. Jubal A. Early's brief occupation of Gettysburg on June 26, 1863, Burns was jailed for his adamant assertion of civil authority in resisting; as the Confederates departed, Burns was released from jail and arrested some of the Confederate stragglers, continuing his opposition to the invading army until he was relieved by Federal cavalry under Brig. Gen. John Buford.
On the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg, July 1, 1863, Burns took up his flintlock musket and powder horn and walked out to the scene of the fighting that morning. He asked if he could use his more modern rifle. Approaching Major Thomas Chamberlin of the 150th Pennsylvania Infantry, Burns requested that he be allowed to fall in with the regiment. Chamberlin wrote of Burns moving with deliberate step, carrying his Enfield rifle at a trail, his somewhat peculiar dressconsisted of dark trousers and a waistcoat, a blue "swallow tail" coat with burnished brass buttons, such as used to be affected by well-to-do gentlemen of the old school about 40 years ago, a high black silk hat, from which most of the original gloss had long departed, of a shape to be found only in the fashion plates of the remote past. Despite his skepticism about the request, Chamberlin referred him to the regimental commander, Colonel Langhorne Wister, who sent the aged Burns into the woods next to the McPherson Farm, where he would find better shelter from the sun and enemy bullets.
In McPherson Woods, Burns fought with the 7th Wisconsin Infantry and moved to join the 24th Michigan near the eastern end of the woods. He fought beside these men of the famous Iron Brigade throughout the afternoon, serving as a sharpshooter, in one case shooting a charging Confederate officer from his horse; as the Union line began to give way and they fell back to the Seminary, Burns received wounds in the arm, the leg, several minor ones in the breast. Injured and exhausted, the old man was able to crawl away from his rifle and to hastily bury his ammunition, he convinced the Confederates that he was a noncombatant, wandering the battlefield seeking aid for his invalid wife, his wounds were dressed by their surgeons. This was a narrow escape for Burns, for by the rules of war he was subject to summary execution as a non-uniformed combatant, or bushwhacker, he was able to crawl that evening to the cellar of the nearest house, was conveyed to his own home, where he was treated by Dr. Charles Horner.
After the battle, Burns was elevated to the role of national hero. Hearing about the aged veteran, Mathew Brady's photographer Timothy H. O'Sullivan photographed Burns while recuperating at his home on Chambersburg Street and took the story of Burns and his participation in the battle back home to Washington; when President Abraham Lincoln came to Gettysburg to dedicate the Soldiers National Cemetery and deliver his Gettysburg Address that fall, he requested to meet with Burns. Burns accompanied the president on a walk from the David Wills house to the Presbyterian Church on Baltimore Street on November 19, 1863. Burns's fame spread and a poem about his exploits was published by Bret Harte in 1864. According to Burns's biography in Appleton's Cyclopedia, during the last two years of his life his mind failed, his friends were unable to prevent his wandering about the country, he was found in New York City on a cold winter's night in December 1871, in a state of destitution, was cared for and sent home, but died of pneumonia in 1872.
The popularity of John Burns' participation in the battle grew in the post war years. His home on Chambersburg Street was razed after his death and veterans of the battle remarked that something should be done to commemorate his services. Reacting to a proposal by a Pennsylvania chapter of the Sons of Union Veterans, the state enacted legislation to provide funds for a fitting monument; the Pennsylvania Board of Commissioners on Gettysburg Monuments desired that the monument be placed on the field where Burns had fought with the 150th Pennsylvania and 7th Wisconsin regiments, a site was chosen on McPherson's Ridge next to Herbst Woods. Sculptor Albert G. Bureau chose to depict a defiant Burns with clenched fist, carrying his borrowed rifle. Placed upon a boulder taken from the battlefield, the monument was dedicated on July 1, 1903, on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the battle. Burns is buried in Evergreen Cemetery in Gettysburg, one of only two graves there with permission to fly the American flag twenty-four hours per day.
His original gravestone was vandalized, but replaced by the local chapter of the Grand Army of the Republic in 1902. It bears the inscription "Patriot". Martin, David G. Gettysburg July 1. Rev. ed. Conshohocken, PA: Combined Publishing, 1996. ISBN 0-938289-81-0. Petruzzi, J. Dav