McCarthy & Stone
McCarthy & Stone is a retirement housebuilder in the United Kingdom. The company operates from nine regional offices, as of 2012 was responsible for building and selling more than 70% of the UK’s owner-occupied retirement housing each year. By 2015, it had sold more than 54,000 properties across more than 1,200 developments in the UK; the company is a constituent of the FTSE 250 Index. John McCarthy and Bill Stone entered into a partnership in 1961, in 1977 they built their first retirement housing development in Hampshire. Subsequently they ceased other building work to concentrate on developing specialist housing for elderly people. By 1982, when the company was floated on the Unlisted Securities Market, McCarthy & Stone had completed 15 retirement housing developments and was selling around 200 units a year. Growth was rapid after the flotation, by 1984 the company operated on a national basis with annual sales approaching 1,000 units; the business was exceptionally profitable due to a ageing population.
Annual sales reached 2,601 units in 1988. McCarthy & Stone was de-listed from the London Stock Exchange in December 2006 following a successful takeover bid of over £1 billion from a consortium including David and Simon Reuben and Sir Tom Hunter; the company was refinanced in August 2013 under new ownership and was re-listed on the London Stock Exchange in November 2015. In March 2017, McCarthy & Stone became the only UK housebuilder, of any size or type, to win the full five-star rating in the Home Builders Federation's customer satisfaction awards for a record 12 consecutive years. In 2010, McCarthy & Stone took its management services in-house, ending its long relationship with the management company Peverel. McCarthy & Stone Management Services provides services and support in its Retirement Living and Lifestyle Living schemes, while the company has entered into a partnership with Somerset Care, one of the largest not-for-profit care companies in the UK, to provide management and care in its Retirement Living PLUS schemes.
This partnership is known as YourLife Management Services. Official website Official group website
Housing in the United Kingdom
Housing in the United Kingdom ranks in the top half of EU countries with regard to rooms per person and quality of housing. However, the cost of housing as a proportion of income is higher than average among EU countries, the increasing cost of housing in the UK may constitute a housing crisis for some for those in low income brackets or in high-cost areas such as London. Most though still find the UK a desirable place to live. London is resident to the highest number of ultra-high-net-worth individuals in the world. Housing represents the largest non-financial asset in the UK with a net value of £5.1 trillion. The rapid growth in population in the nineteenth century in the cities, included the new industrial and manufacturing cities, as well as service centres such as; the critical factor was financing, handled by building societies that dealt directly with large contracting firms. Private renting from housing landlords was the dominant tenure. P. Kemp says this was of advantage to tenants. People moved in so that there was not enough capital to build adequate housing for everyone, so low-income newcomers squeezed into overcrowded slums.
Clean water and public health facilities were inadequate. The rapid expansion of housing was a major success story of the interwar years, 1919–1939, standing in sharp contrast to the United States, where the construction of new housing collapsed after 1929; the total housing stock in England and Wales was 7,600,000 in 1911. The private rent market provided 90% of the housing before the war. Now came under heavy pressure, regarding rent controls, the inability of owners to evict tenants, except for non-payment of rent; the tenants had a friend in Liberal Prime Minister, David Lloyd George, in the powerful Labour Party. The private rent sector went into a prolonged decline and never recovered. A decisive change in policy was marked by the Tudor Walters Report of 1918, it recommended housing in short terraces, spaced at 70 feet at a density of twelve to the acre. With the Housing, Town Planning, &c. Act 1919 David Lloyd George set up a system of government housing that followed his 1918 election campaign promises of "homes fit for heroes."
It required local authorities to survey their housing needs, start building houses to replace slums. The treasury subsidised the low rents; the immediate impact was the prevalence of the three-bedroom house, with kitchen, parlour, electric lighting, gas cooking built as subsidised council housing. Major cities such as London and Birmingham built large-scale housing estates – one in Birmingham had a population of 30,000 residents; the houses were built in blocks of two or four using stucco, with two storeys. They were set back from curving streets. Shopping centres and pubs sprang up nearby; the city would provide a community hall, a public library. The residents were the upper fifth stratum of the working-class; the largest of these two communities was Becontree in the outer suburbs of London, where construction began in 1921, by 1932 there were 22,000 houses holding 103,000 residents. Slum clearance now moved to a matter of town planning. Liberal MP Tudor Walters was inspired by the garden city movement, calling for spacious low-density developments and semi-detached houses built to a high construction standard.
Older women could now vote. Local politicians consulted with them and in response put more emphasis on such amenities as communal laundromats, extra bedrooms, indoor lavatories, running hot water, separate parlours to demonstrate their respectability, practical vegetable gardens rather than manicured yards; the housewives had had their fill of chamber pots. Progress was not automatic. Many dreams were shattered as local authorities had to renege on promises they could not fulfill due to undue haste, impossible national deadlines, debilitating bureaucracy, lack of lumber, rising costs, the unaffordability of rents by the rural poor. In England and Wales, 214,000 multi-unit council buildings were built by 1939. Council housing accounted for 10% of the housing stock in the UK by 1938, peaking at 32% in 1980, dropping to 18% by 1996, where it held steady for the next two decades; the fierce debates over high-rise housing that took place after 1945 were presaged by an acrimonious debate in the 1920s and 1930s in London.
On the political left there was firm opposition to what were denounced as "barracks for the working-classes". Reformers on the right called for multi-storey solutions to high rents. There were attempts at compromise by developing new solutions to urban living, focused on slum clearance and redevelopment schemes; the compromises sought to replace inhospitable slums with high-rise blocks served by lifts. In the Metropolitan Borough of Stepney they included John Scurr House, Riverside Mansions and the Limehouse Fields project; the British ideal was home ownership among the working class. Rates of home ownership rose from 15 percent of people owning their own home before 1914, to 32 percent by 1938, 67 percent by 1996; the construction industry sold the idea of home ownership to u
Great Britain is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe. With an area of 209,331 km2, it is the largest of the British Isles, the largest European island, the ninth-largest island in the world. In 2011, Great Britain had a population of about 61 million people, making it the world's third-most populous island after Java in Indonesia and Honshu in Japan; the island of Ireland is situated to the west of Great Britain, together these islands, along with over 1,000 smaller surrounding islands, form the British Isles archipelago. The island is dominated by a maritime climate with quite narrow temperature differences between seasons. Politically, Great Britain is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, constitutes most of its territory. Most of England and Wales are on the island; the term "Great Britain" is used to include the whole of England and Wales including their component adjoining islands. A single Kingdom of Great Britain resulted from the union of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland by the 1707 Acts of Union.
In 1801, Great Britain united with the neighbouring Kingdom of Ireland, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, renamed the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" after the Irish Free State seceded in 1922. The archipelago has been referred to by a single name for over 2000 years: the term'British Isles' derives from terms used by classical geographers to describe this island group. By 50 BC Greek geographers were using equivalents of Prettanikē as a collective name for the British Isles. However, with the Roman conquest of Britain the Latin term Britannia was used for the island of Great Britain, Roman-occupied Britain south of Caledonia; the earliest known name for Great Britain is Albion or insula Albionum, from either the Latin albus meaning "white" or the "island of the Albiones". The oldest mention of terms related to Great Britain was by Aristotle, or by Pseudo-Aristotle, in his text On the Universe, Vol. III. To quote his works, "There are two large islands in it, called the British Isles and Ierne".
Pliny the Elder in his Natural History records of Great Britain: "Its former name was Albion. Old French Bretaigne and Middle English Bretayne, Breteyne; the French form replaced the Old English Breoton, Bryten, Breten. Britannia was used by the Romans from the 1st century BC for the British Isles taken together, it is derived from the travel writings of the Pytheas around 320 BC, which described various islands in the North Atlantic as far north as Thule. Marcian of Heraclea, in his Periplus maris exteri, described the island group as αἱ Πρεττανικαὶ νῆσοι; the peoples of these islands of Prettanike were called the Priteni or Pretani. Priteni is the source of the Welsh language term Prydain, which has the same source as the Goidelic term Cruithne used to refer to the early Brythonic-speaking inhabitants of Ireland; the latter were called Picts or Caledonians by the Romans. Greek historians Diodorus of Sicily and Strabo preserved variants of Prettanike from the work of Greek explorer Pytheas of Massalia, who travelled from his home in Hellenistic southern Gaul to Britain in the 4th century BC.
The term used by Pytheas may derive from a Celtic word meaning "the painted ones" or "the tattooed folk" in reference to body decorations. The Greco-Egyptian scientist Ptolemy referred to the larger island as great Britain and to Ireland as little Britain in his work Almagest. In his work, Geography, he gave the islands the names Alwion and Mona, suggesting these may have been the names of the individual islands not known to him at the time of writing Almagest; the name Albion appears to have fallen out of use sometime after the Roman conquest of Britain, after which Britain became the more commonplace name for the island. After the Anglo-Saxon period, Britain was used as a historical term only. Geoffrey of Monmouth in his pseudohistorical Historia Regum Britanniae refers to the island as Britannia major, to distinguish it from Britannia minor, the continental region which approximates to modern Brittany, settled in the fifth and sixth centuries by migrants from Britain; the term Great Britain was first used in 1474, in the instrument drawing up the proposal for a marriage between Cecily the daughter of Edward IV of England, James the son of James III of Scotland, which described it as "this Nobill Isle, callit Gret Britanee".
It was used again in 1604, when King James VI and I styled himself "King of Great Brittaine and Ireland". Great Britain refers geographically to the island of Great Britain, it is often used to refer politically to the whole of England and Wales, including their smaller off shore islands. While it is sometimes used to refer to the whole of the United Kingdom, including Northern Ireland, this is not correct. Britain can refer to either all island
Berkeley Group Holdings
The Berkeley Group Holdings plc is a British property developer based in Cobham, Surrey. It is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index; the company was founded by Tony Pidgley and Jim Farrer in Weybridge in 1976 as Berkeley Homes, a name borne by regional subsidiaries. Pidgley and Farrer had run the housing division of Crest Homes and it was their aim to focus on executive housing on single plots or small sites. Over the next few years, Berkeley expanded across the home counties and while building less than a hundred houses a year, it floated its shares on the Unlisted Securities Market in 1984. After the flotation, Berkeley expanded geographically to the west, the south midlands and East Anglia. By 1988, Berkeley was building over six hundred executive homes a year. By Pidgley was aware of the overheating in the housing market and sold houses aggressively to realise cash. For two years the company did no more than break but its cash position was strong and in 1991 it was able to purchase the Manchester-based Crosby Homes and the outstanding fifty percent of St George.
The 1990s was the decade in which Berkeley moved its operational orientation to major urban regeneration sites in London, Birmingham and other northern cities. In the early 2000s, Berkeley refined its strategy to concentrate on large scale urban redevelopments in the London area. In 2003 it announced the deferred sale of Crosby Homes; the reduction in scale was intended to generate surplus cash and 2004 saw a scheme of arrangement to return £1.45m to shareholders. In April 2014 the Group won the Queen's Award for Sustainable Development for a second year. In 2012, the Berkeley Group sustained 16,000 jobs and generated £2.6 billion of economic activity in Britain. At the time of the award the company had collected a 98% customer satisfaction rate in its data for the previous twelve months. Current releases of new builds are described on its website. In 2015, the company won Large Developer of the Year at the RESI awards organised by Property Week; the company specialises in residential work: neighbourhoods, large or small under brands: Berkeley Homes St George St Edward St James St William.
Berkeley Homes has built some notable examples of architecturally iconic, high-specification apartment towers in Central London. 2014 projects include its 1 Blackfriars skyscraper which provides a counterbalance to Shard to the east. In smaller operations it runs urban redevelopment programmes via Berkeley Community Villages and constructs in commercial property via Berkeley Commercial. Another subsidiary, Berkeley First, builds student and key worker accommodation; the operational subsidiaries include Berkeley Homes plc, which plans the largest estates and hires contractors with responsibility for management of communal areas unless and until taken over by residents' Right to Manage companies. The developer imposes covenants to retain value across homes in its neighbourhoods. Large examples of operations include community facilities with village-sized neighbourhoods which are green-buffered and constructed closes of apartments and houses, such as in Bracknell. One of its largest plans to date is that of November 2013, reaching consultation stage for 750 new homes, a primary school, extra care facility, roads and local shops to be constructed on mixed use land to expand Warfield, a small mixed rural and suburban civil parish of the Bracknell post town, beside the town's computing and headquarters business parks.
In London developments include Wimbledon Hill Royal Arsenal Riverside in Woolwich. In April 2014 a press released stated that the group would'shortly be announcing a set of new business commitments as part of its rolling 10-year plan'. Notes References Official website
Crossrail 2 is a proposed rail route in South East England, running from nine stations in Surrey to three in Hertfordshire, providing a new North-South rail link across London. It would connect the South Western Main Line to the West Anglia Main Line, via Victoria and King's Cross St Pancras, it is intended to alleviate severe overcrowding that would otherwise occur on commuter rail routes into Central London by the 2030s. Should permission be granted, construction is expected to start around 2023, with the new line opening from the early 2030s; the project's cost has been estimated at £31.2 billion. The line is the fourth major rail project in the capital since 2000. National Rail's projections of overcrowding, including in suburbs and tourist destinations less well-served by the Underground, led it to call for more new lines and cross-London line proposals have gained more importance with Euston being named as the terminus of the planned High Speed 2 rail line; the project was earlier known as the Chelsea–Hackney line in reference to a potential route.
The plan for a line on this alignment has existed in various forms since 1970 as an Underground service and as a standard railway. This route is from the 2015 public consultation. Operating in new underground tunnels at 30 trains per hour: Dalston Double-ended station Angel Euston St. Pancras double-ended station serving Euston, King's Cross and St Pancras mainline stations and the Underground's Euston, Euston Square and King's Cross St Pancras stations Tottenham Court Road Victoria King's Road Chelsea - the only new station site Clapham Junction Tooting Broadway or Balham Wimbledon Also in new tunnels, connected to a junction north of Dalston, at 10 and 15 trains per hour: Seven Sisters-South Tottenham double ended station either Turnpike Lane and Alexandra Palace or Wood Green New Southgate having surfaced, continuing to Oakleigh Road depot. Running at between 10 and 15 trains per hour on new rails above ground, connected to a junction north of Dalston: Tottenham Hale all stations to Broxbourne for Crossrail 2 services and Cheshunt.
The 2015 consultation earmarks a "potential future Eastern Branch" Hackney Central/Hackney Downs Above ground, after surfacing south of Wimbledon station, using the existing SWML slow line, providing between 4 and 20 trains per hour, the southern section comprises: 20 trains per hour at Raynes Park 8-10 trains per hour at Motspur Park Exclusive use of the Chessington branch line to Chessington South at 4 trains per hour Mixed use of the Raynes Park – Epsom line to Epsom 10-12 trains per hour at New Malden Exclusive use of the Hampton Court branch line to Hampton Court at 4 trains per hour via shared station Surbiton Shared use of the bulk of the Kingston Loop Line via Kingston at 6-8 trains per hour to Teddington and 4 trains per hour onward to Shepperton In May 2013, TfL began public consultation on two potential options: Metro route: Wimbledon - Central London - Angel - Alexandra Palace Regional route: Twickenham/Surbiton/Epsom - Wimbledon - Central London - Angel - Alexandra Palace plus Angel - Cheshunt.
The results of the consultation were published on 29 November 2013 by TfL and revealed broad support for the Crossrail 2 plans. 96% of respondents supported or supported the plans, whilst 2% opposed or opposed them. The regional route had greater support than the metro route, with 84% of respondents supporting or supporting the regional route versus 73% for the metro plans; the greatest level of opposition to the principle of Crossrail 2 came from the residents of Kensington and Chelsea, the only area with more than 5% of respondents who opposed the scheme. Nearly 20% of respondents from this area either opposed or opposed the scheme. In June 2014, a consultation began on small modifications to the 2013 proposals; the changes proposed fell broadly into three areas: extending the Alexandra Palace branch to New Southgate. A further consultation began in October 2015. In October 2015, the route proposal was changed in three ways: Balham was to be the preferred stop instead of the nearby alternative of Tooting Broadway.
This would give a further railway interchange Not to serve the remainder of the Kingston Loop Line. A option bypassing Turnpike Lane and Alexandra Palace and instead going via Wood Green to support "Haringey's aspiration for the redevelopment of Wood Green High Street.. Situated in the main retail area of Wood Green with access to shops and services". In January 2015, Surrey County Council published a detailed report lobbying for TfL to consider extending branches to Dorking and Woking; the cost of the scheme has been estimated at £27–32 billion, in 2014 prices including the cost of new trains and Network Rail works. However Transport for London argued the full cos
Bovis Homes Group
Bovis Homes Group plc is a second tier national British housebuilding company based in Kings Hill, West Malling, Kent. It is a constituent of the FTSE 250 Index. Bovis Homes’ origins lay in the early post-war housing operations of Bovis Holdings. Bovis had been acquiring housing land in the early 1950s but the level of housebuilding was modest until 1967 when it acquired Frank Sanderson’s Malcolm Sanderson Developments and the much larger RT Warren. Frank Sanderson expanded Bovis’s housing through acquisition including the quoted Page-Johnson and Varney Holdings; the secondary banking crisis adversely affected Bovis Holdings’ banking subsidiary and the Group had to be rescued by P&O in March 1974. Frank Sanderson left Bovis in 1973 and Philip Warner was appointed managing director of Bovis Homes, a position he held for 25 years. During the 1970s Bovis reduced its housing volumes as it concentrated on rebuilding profitability, but it began to expand again in the 1980s; the Company was demerged from P&O and was floated on the London Stock Exchange as Bovis Homes in 1997.
On 9 January 2017, the company announced that its chief executive David Ritchie, at the company for 18 years, had stepped down with immediate effect. Greg Fitzgerald took over as chief executive on 18 April 2017. Bovis Homes operates seven regional businesses and builds a wide range of properties from one-bedroom apartments up to six-bedroom executive houses, it has offices in Kings Hill, Reading, Bishops Cleeve, Stafford and Milton Keynes. Following the resignation of David Ritchie as the CEO on 9 January 2017, shortly after the company had issued a profit warning following a slow down in sales in December 2016, the company was at the centre of controversy when news reports appeared that it had tried to issue cash incentives to customers in order for them to complete purchases and move into unfinished new homes. After a troubled period of increased press coverage of complaints from customers about perceived shortcuts of quality of homes built by the company as well as the formation of a Facebook group by unhappy customers called "Bovis Homes Victims Group", which had a You Tube channel, Bovis Homes interim CEO Earl Sibley acknowledged that their customer service levels had failed to meet the expected standards.
He announced that the company would set aside £7m, to compensate customers, affected by finding problems with their new homes. On 19 April 2018 The Times, the Daily Mail, The Sun, reported Bovis Homes were hit with fresh accusations of continued quality issues and poor customer service, misleading buyers, "deliberately" delaying essential repairs,failing adequately to repair defects and engaging in "underhand behaviour" to limit bad publicity; the Times reported that the previous year Bovis were forced to apologise to customers for poor workmanship after the newspaper revealed that hundreds of buyers had complained of bouncing and vibrating floors, missing insulation panels, poor drainage and unfinished gardens. The Times reported that the company set aside more than £10 million to deal with the complaints, but customers said service standards remained appalling. A whistleblower who worked as a customer service manager said he feared that construction problems were so common that the company might need to spend more.
The problems contributed to Bovis becoming the only national builder to be awarded a two-star rating out of five in the Home Builders Federation’s annual customer satisfaction survey for the year ending September 2017. The newspaper reported that when The Times did a mystery shop on eight Bovis developments, all bar one claimed to have a star rating of three or above. Half claimed the company had five stars; the Times reported that homebuyers were prevented from talking to the media by non-disclosure clauses. On 10 May 2018, The Independent reported fresh allegations of home buyers being offered incentives including shopping vouchers for positive feedback and on 9 December 2017 The Guardian reported that Bovis faced a potential class-action lawsuit by a group of homebuyers which had secured over 3,000 members. Corporate site Customer site
BuroHappold Engineering is a British professional services firm that provides engineering consultancy, planning, project management, consulting services for buildings and the environment. It was founded in Bath, Somerset, in 1976 by Sir Edmund Happold when he took up a post at the University of Bath as Professor of Architecture and Engineering Design. Working on projects in the Middle East, the firm now operates worldwide and in all areas of engineering for the built environment, with 21 offices around the world. Edmund Happold worked at Arup before founding BuroHappold, where he worked on projects such as the Sydney Opera House and the Pompidou Centre. Ted Happold was renowned within the field of lightweight and tensile structures and BuroHappold has as a result undertaken a large number of tensile and other lightweight structures since its founding. Ted Happold died in 1996. BuroHappold was founded on 1 May 1976, with its first office on Gay Street in United Kingdom; the firm started with eight partners: The King's Office, Council of Ministers and Majlis Al Shura, Central Government Complex in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia was the firm's first major design project in 1976.
BuroHappold offered only structural engineering consultancy, with a particular strength in lightweight structures, but in 1977 it added civil engineering and geotechnical engineering and in 1978 building services engineering. In 1982 BuroHappold started to work with Future Tents Ltd on a variety of temporary and recreational structures; the firms combined their operations in 1992, but split again in 1997. In 1983, BuroHappold opened an office in Riyadh, has since opened offices around the UK and internationally: By 1993, BuroHappold had 130 employees and eight partners. In 1998 this had grown to 300 employees and 12 partners, while in 2,000 with over 500 employees the partnership was increased to 23. In 2006 the partnership stood at 25 with over 14 offices. Due to this growth and the addition of so many different services, the company was restructured in 2003 to consist of multi-disciplinary teams of engineers, each with structural and electrical engineers supported by specialist consulting groups.
In 2005, BuroHappold launched Happold Consulting, a management and overseas development consultancy with expertise in the construction sector, Happold Media, a subsidiary offering graphic design and media development services. Significant amongst its specialist consultancy services are its fire consultancy group, FEDRA, software development group SMART which worked with Sheffield University to develop Vulcan software used throughout the fire engineering industry. SMART develops BuroHappold's in-house software Tensyl, a non-linear finite element analysis and patterning program for fabric structures, people flow modelling software. Notable is its group COSA, which undertakes computational modelling and analysis and the Sustainability and Alternative Technologies Group. In 2007 BuroHappold became a limited liability partnership, in 2008 appointed 18 new partners. In 2018 the practice appointed an additional 13 partners; the firm is a limited liability partnership with 1,700 employees. In 1973, before the founding of BuroHappold, Edmund Happold, Ian Liddell, Vera Straka, Peter Rice and Michael Dickson established a lightweight structures research laboratory corresponding to Frei Otto's similar research institute at the university of Stuttgart.
Ted Happold was the first to introduce ethylenetetrafluoroethylene as a cladding material, the outcomes of the research carried out by the laboratory led to the development of the designs for the Mannheim Multihall gridshell and a number of landmark fabric structures in the Middle East and the UK, allowing the new building forms to become accepted by architects and clients. BuroHappold's early projects ranged from designing giant fabric umbrellas for Pink Floyd concerts to the Munich Aviary and the Mannheim Multihalle, both with Frei Otto, an architect who worked with Buro Happold on projects which pioneered lightweight structures; the Mannheim Multihalle was a timber gridshell of 50 by 50 mm lathes of hemlock of irregular form, depending on the elasticity of spring washers at the joints for its flexible form. It was one of the first major uses of structural gridshells. Following the development of fabric structures expertise on the projects with Frei Otto, BuroHappold was instrumental in further developing the knowledge and technology of fabric structures.
With Bodo Rasch, a protégé of Frei Otto, drawing on experience from the Pink Floyd canopies, they designed folding, umbrella-like canopies to shade the courtyard of Al-Masjid al-Nabawi in Medina, Saudi Arabia. They designed the, at the time, largest fabric canopy in Europe at the Ashford Designer Outlet in the UK; this development of fabric structures expertise culminated in BuroHappold, with a team led by Ian Liddell, with Paul Westbury, designing the Millennium Dome, the world's largest fabric roof and the first building of its type. The expertise in wooden gridshell structures has resulted in the design of structures such as the Weald and Downland Museum and the Savill Building in Windsor Great Park. BuroHappold has completed the designs of a number of cardboard structures, notably the Japan Pavilion for Expo 2000 in Hanover with Shigeru Ban and Frei Otto, consisting of a gridshell of paper tubes; the firm has worked with Shigeru Ban on a number