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Consultative status

The consultative status is a phrase whose use can be traced to the founding of the United Nations and is used within the UN community to refer to "Non-governmental organizations in Consultative Status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council". Some international organizations could grant Consultative Status to NGOs. Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe could grant Consultative Status in the form of "Researcher-in-residence programme": accredited representatives of national and international NGOs are granted access to all records and to numerous topical compilations related to OSCE field activities. Consultative Status has its foundation in Article 71 of Chapter 10 of the United Nations Charter: "The Economic and Social Council may make suitable arrangements for consultation with non-governmental organizations which are concerned with matters within its competence; such arrangements may be made with international organizations and, where appropriate, with national organizations after consultation with the Member of the United Nations concerned."In 1948, shortly after the founding of the United Nations, there were 45 NGOs in Consultative Status large international organizations.

There are 3900 NGOs in consultative status with the Economic and Social Council, some 400 NGOs accredited to the Commission on Sustainable Development. ECOSOC Resolution 1296 in 1968 had defined the criteria and rights associated with Consultative Status for forty years, during which time there was a substantial growth in the number of NGOs; the primary impetus for the 1996 revision of the arrangements was the unprecedented level of NGO participation from national NGOs, in the preparations for UNCED - the 1992 Earth Summit. The use of ICT - in the form of electronic conferences on the Institute for Global Communications network, electronic mail - had played a major role.] The criteria for NGO accreditation to Consultative Status have been revised several times, most in 1996 in ECOSOC Resolution 1996/31, following an extensive United Nations Open-Ended Working Group on the Review of Arrangements for Consultation with Non-Government Organizations. A significant section of 1996/31 was the following paragraph: "69.

The Secretary-General is requested to make every effort to enhance and streamline as appropriate Secretariat support arrangements, to improve practical arrangements on such matters as greater use of modern information and communication technology, the establishment of an integrated database of non-governmental organizations and timely dissemination of information on meetings, distribution of documentation, provision of access and transparent and streamlined procedures for the attendance of non-governmental organizations in United Nations meetings, to facilitate their broad-based participation." There are three classes of Consultative Status defined by 1996/31, Special & Roster. These classes were the equivalent of Category I, Category II & Roster status that were defined in 1296. Below are the current definitions - paragraph numbers are from 1996/31. 1996/31 grants different rights for participation in ECOSOC and its subsidiary bodies - principally ECOSOC's Functional Commissions - including rights to United Nations passes, to speak at designated meetings, to have documents translated and circulated as official UN documents - e.g.

Information Technology, Public Participation & Global Agreements submitted to the Commission on Social Development in 1998. "22. Organizations that are concerned with most of the activities of the Council and its subsidiary bodies and can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Council that they have substantive and sustained contributions to make to the achievement of the objectives of the United Nations in fields set out in paragraph 1 above, are involved with the economic and social life of the peoples of the areas they represent and whose membership, which should be considerable, is broadly representative of major segments of society in a large number of countries in different regions of the world shall be known as organizations in general consultative status." "23. Organisations that have a special competence in, are concerned with, only a few of the fields of activity covered by the Council and its subsidiary bodies, that are known within the fields for which they have or seek consultative status shall be known as organizations in special consultative status."

"24. Other organizations that do not have general or special consultative status but that the Council, or the Secretary-General of the United Nations in consultation with the Council or its Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations, considers can make occasional and useful contributions to the work of the Council or its subsidiary bodies or other United Nations bodies within their competence shall be included in a list; this list may include organizations in consultative status or a similar relationship with a specialized agency or a United Nations body. These organizations shall be available for consultation at the request of the Council or its subsidiary bodies; the fact that an organization is on the Roster shall not in itself be regarded as a qualification for general or special consultative status should an organization seek such status."The three sub-categories of Roster Status - see

Only the Wind Knows the Answer

Only the Wind Knows the Answer is a 1974 West German-French thriller film directed by Alfred Vohrer and starring Maurice Ronet, Marthe Keller and Karin Dor. It was entered into the 9th Moscow International Film Festival. Location shooting took place on the French Riviera, Zurich and Munich. A millionaire and his crew are killed. An insurance detective investigates and realises soon that there is more behind the spectacular accident than meets the eye. Maurice Ronet as Robert Lucas Marthe Keller as Angela Delpierre Raymond Pellegrin as Inspector Lacrosse Karin Dor as Nicole Monnier André Falcon as Mr. Ribeyrolles Anton Diffring as John Keelwood Robert Dalban as the Chief Inspector Christian Barbier as Inspector Dupin Philippe Baronnet as Alain Walter Kohut as Heinz Seeberg Charlotte Kerr as Hilde Hellmann Eva Pflug as Karin Lucas Herbert Fleischmann as Gustav Brandenburg Klaus Schwarzkopf Heinz Baumann Konrad Georg Only the Wind Knows the Answer on IMDb


Kirkleatham is a village in the unitary authority of Redcar and Cleveland and the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England. It is located 4.5 mi north/north-west of Guisborough, 3 mi south of Redcar. It is near the mouth of the River Tees. Kirkleatham was listed in the Domesday Book. Instead of a village, Kirkleatham could be classified as a collection of buildings that formed the Turner Estate, named for the Turner family who lived at Kirkleatham from 1661. Kirkleatham has one of the best collections of Georgian-style buildings in England. Kirkleatham is the birthplace of Sir William Turner, Lord Mayor of London in 1669, he gave most of his fortune to found the Sir William Turner’s Hospital in June 1676. In present day, it is an independent almshouse. Turner bequeathed a substantial amount of money to his great nephew, Cholmley Turner, a member of parliament for Yorkshire, 1727–1741, to establish a Free School, built in 1709, that now serves as the local museum, his estate established for the care of 40 people: ten old men, ten old women, ten boys, ten girls.

The office of governor or governess falls upon the owner of the estate. Management of the estate was the responsibility of a chaplain, a master, a mistress. Cholmley Turner added other Grade I listed buildings, the most notable being the Turner Mausoleum, in memory of his son, adjoining the Church of St Cuthbert, it is a Grade I listed building on Kirkleatham Lane. The mausoleum was built in 1739–40 by James Gibbs, restored with added internal cladding in 1839. Entered from the church, it is of Baroque style and of an octagonal plan with south and south-west sides that adjoin the church, it is a single storey with a basement burial chamber. The exterior is rusticated, with an unusually large area vermiculated, it contains the inscription, "This mausoleum was erected 1740 to the memory of Marwood William Turner Esquire the best of sons." Cholmley Turner retained the architect James Gibbs for building of the chapel at the almshouses. Cholmley Turner’s nephew Sir Charles Turner, 1st Baronet, of Kirkleatham, MP for York from 1768 to 1783, continued building upon the estate.

His achievement included remodelling Kirkleatham Hall, as well as providing for the further development of the hospital, a library. He built the adjoining village of Yearby. In 1894 Kirkleatham became an urban district, but was annexed by Redcar in 1899, after just five years as an independent authority. In 1918, Kirkleatham was the location of a mooring-out station for airships protecting the east coast based out of RNAS Howden; the site was only used during the latter half of 1918 and was closed permanently after the Armistice. The Free School, built by Cholmley Turner, is now known as Kirkleatham Old Hall and is a Grade II* listed building. Kirkleatham Old Hall Museum functions as the local history museum for Redcar and Cleveland. Opened in 1981, it became the Museum Service's headquarters. Five years a new building was opened, providing exhibition space and offices; the finds from the Street House Anglo-Saxon cemetery – the only known Anglo-Saxon royal burial site in north-east England – are displayed in an exhibition at the museum.

The artefacts were discovered in nearby Loftus during excavations which took place between 2005 and 2007. Finds include pieces associated with a rare bed burial in which a decorated female body is laid out on a decorated wooden bed, accompanied by fine gold jewellery; the finds include a gold pendant, which would have belonged to a princess. as well as glass beads, iron knives, belt buckles and other objects. The Kirkleatham Owl and Endangered Species Centre opened to the public in 1990 and is located on the grounds of Kirkleatham Old Hall; the centre is home to one of Britain's largest collections of owls, is home to hawks and vultures, a caracara. The Sir James Knott Lifeboat Museum is located on the grounds of Kirkleatham Old Hall. Media related to Kirkleatham at Wikimedia Commons

Werk 80 II

Werk 80 II is the eighth full-length album by German industrial gothic metal band Atrocity, released on February 29, 2008 and their 2nd full-length cover album after the original Werk 80 album released in 1997. Burlesque artist Dita Von Teese is the cover model. Released on the same day, there was a limited edition with one bonus track, a two-disc version which collected both Werk 80 albums, including bonus tracks for the original album, released as B-sides or bonus tracks on singles. "People Are People" – 3:43 "Smalltown Boy" – 5:10 "Relax" – 3:47 "Don't You Forget about Me" – 4:27 "The Sun Always Shines on T. V." – 4:48 "Hey Little Girl" – 4:27 "Fade to Grey" – 3:26 "Such a Shame" – 4:11 "Keine Heimat" – 3:45 "Here Comes the Rain Again" – 4:47 "Forever Young" – 3:48 "Feels Like Heaven" – 4:04 The limited two disc edition was released with on the second disc a re-pressing of the original Werk 80 with additional bonus tracks, released as tracks on the fourth side of the LP and two extra tracks of singles released from Werk 80: "Tainted Love" and "Shout".

Alexander Krull: Vocals, Programming, Sampling Mathias Roderer: Guitars Thorsten Bauer: Guitars Christopher Lukhaup: Bass Moritz Neuner: Drums, Percussion Liv Kristine: Additional Lead & Backing Vocals Timon Birkhofer: Additional Keyboards In Takt: Choir.

Howell Conant

Howell Thomas Conant, Sr. was an American fashion photographer noted for his portraits of the American actress and Princess Consort of Monaco, Grace Kelly. Conant's father was a professional photographer who owned a studio in Wisconsin. Conant studied photography at the University of Wisconsin and at the Art Center College of Design in Pasadena. During World War II Conant stationed at Pearl Harbor and was part of the Naval photographic team operating under Admiral Chester W. Nimitz. Conant took pictures for Life and Paris Match among other publications, photographed celebrities from Elizabeth Taylor and Audrey Hepburn to American presidents Richard Nixon and John F. Kennedy. Conant died at his home in Carefree, Arizona in 1999, he was survived by Dorothy. In 1955 Conant was commissioned by Photoplay magazine to do a cover shoot with Grace Kelly a leading film actress. Following the Photoplay shoot, Kelly holidayed in Jamaica, with her sister, invited Conant, he photographed her without makeup in a naturalistic setting, a departure from the traditional portrayal of actresses.

The resulting photographs were published in the June 24 issue of Collier's magazine, with a celebrated photo of Kelly rising from the water with wet hair making the cover. Conant wrote that he thought that Kelly's sole flaw in her appearance was her jaw, which he considered too square, he would use a baby to disguise it when photographing her below her jaw. Conant said that "You trusted Grace's beauty... You knew it wasn't built from clothes and makeup...this was Grace: natural, unpretentious". Kelly sailed on the SS Constitution from New York to Monaco for her marriage to Prince Rainier in 1956. Many photographers were on board the ship. Following her marriage Conant was the unofficial photographer to the House of Grimaldi, extensively photographed Kelly, her husband and their three children. In 1992 Conant published Grace, a book of photographs that he took during Kelly's 26-year reign as Princess of Monaco. In September 1982, Conant was planning a trip to Monaco to take the family's official Christmas portrait.

Upon hearing that Princess Grace had died in a car accident, he left without his photographic equipment. Conant remained friends with Prince Rainier until his death

Abuna Yesehaq

Abuna Yesehaq, born Laike Maryam Mandefro in Adwa, Ethiopia, 1933. Laike was born to an Orthodox Christian family, attended Christian school, joined the priesthood, he was one of the clerics fortunate enough to be tutored by Emperor Haile Selassie I, the titular head of the Church. In October 1959, the Ethiopian Orthodox Church established a branch in New York. Mandefro returned to Ethiopia to seek assistance for renovations. With the assistance of Emperor Haile Selassie, the Ethiopian consulate in New York, Mandefro returned to New York City and purchased another site for the Church in 1969. In 1970, he was sent to Jamaica where he began to minister to the Rastafari community, at the official invitation of Rasta elders including Joseph Hibbert, in turn named as a "Spiritual Organizer" by Mandefro. Many government officials and others in Jamaica were disappointed that Abba Mandefro defended the Rastafarians' faith on many occasions, that he baptised thousands of them, pointedly refusing to denounce their faith in Haile Selassie as the returned Christ.

On the other hand, a large number of other Rastas were disappointed because he would not baptise them in the name of the Emperor, but only in the name of Jesus Christ. This however did not disturb those Rastas who viewed Christ and Haile Selassie as one and the same, underwent baptism at the hands of this man, sent from Ethiopia by their living God. Only after the Marxist Derg Revolution that toppled Haile Selassie and appointed their own Patriarch over the Church, did the requirement become enforced for prospective baptisees in Jamaica to renounce his divinity and cut their dreadlocks. Abba Mandefro founded many Orthodox Churches throughout the Caribbean and elsewhere, received the title "Archbishop Yesehaq of the Western Hemisphere and South Africa" in 1979. On 4 November 1980, he baptized world-renowned Rastafari musician Bob Marley suffering from terminal illness, into the church. In the 1990s, a schism happened in the Orthodox Church when the new government of the EPRDF took power in Ethiopia and appointed their own Patriarch, Abuna Paulos.

Abuna Yesehaq refused to recognise this political change, pointing out that according to the ancient Church canons, the Church leaders are to remain in office until they pass away, cannot be dismissed or reappointed by any secular government. However, the New York City authorities took the side of the newly appointed Patriarch, police interrupted a Church service on 9 August 1998 with guns drawn, using profanity, handcuffed children, took possession of the Church in the name of Abuna Paulos. Archbishop Yesehaq; the Ethiopian Tewahedo Church: An Integrally African Church. J. C. Winston Pub. Co. 1997. 244 pp. ISBN 9781555237394 "About His Eminence, Rasta Bishop" at Abba website Obituary in NY Times Barry Chevannes, "The Apotheosis of Rastafari Heroes", in Religion and Cultural Identity by John W. Pulis, p. 345