Continuing education is an all-encompassing term within a broad list of post-secondary learning activities and programs. The term is used in the United States and Canada. Recognized forms of post-secondary learning activities within the domain include: degree credit courses by non-traditional students, non-degree career training, college remediation, workforce training, formal personal enrichment courses. General continuing education is similar to adult education, at least in being intended for adult learners those beyond traditional undergraduate college or university age. In the United States and Canada continuing education courses are delivered through a division or school of continuing education of a college or university known sometimes as the university extension or extension school; the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development argued, that continuing education should be "'fully integrated into institutional life rather than being regarded as a separate and distinctive operation employing different staff' if it is to feed into mainstream programmes and be given the due recognition deserved by this type of provision".
Georgetown University, Michigan State University, the University of Denver have benefited from non-credit programs as it relates to strengthening partnerships with corporations and government agencies, helping to inform and shape the curriculum for degree programs, generating revenue to support the academic enterprise. The Chautauqua Institution the Chautauqua Lake Sunday School Assembly, was founded in 1874 "as an educational experiment in out-of-school, vacation learning, it was successful and broadened immediately beyond courses for Sunday school teachers to include academic subjects, music and physical education."Cornell University was among higher education institutions that began offering university-based continuing education to teachers, through extension courses in the 1870s. As noted in the Cornell Era of February 16, 1877, the university offered a "Tour of the Great Lakes" program for "teachers and others" under the direction of Professor Theodore B. Comstock, head of Cornell's department of geology.
The University of Wisconsin–Madison began its continuing education program in 1907. The New School for Social Research, founded in 1919, was devoted to adult education. In 1969, Empire State College, a unit of the State University of New York, was the first institution in the US to focus on providing higher education to adult learners. In 1976 the University of Florida created its own Division of Continuing Education and most courses were offered on evenings or weekends to accommodate the schedules of working students. Within the domain of continuing education, professional continuing education is a specific learning activity characterized by the issuance of a certificate or continuing education units for the purpose of documenting attendance at a designated seminar or course of instruction. Licensing bodies in a number of fields impose continuing education requirements on members who hold licenses to continue practicing a particular profession; these requirements are intended to encourage professionals to expand their foundations of knowledge and stay up-to-date on new developments.
Depending on the field, these requirements may be satisfied through college or university coursework, extension courses or conferences and seminars attendance. Although individual professions may have different standards, the most accepted standard, developed by the International Association for Continuing Education & Training, is that ten contact hours equals one Continuing Education Unit. Not all professionals use the CEU convention. For example, the American Psychological Association accredits sponsors of continuing education and uses a CE approach. In contrast to the CEU, the CE credit is one CE credit for each hour of contact. In the spring of 2009, Eduventures, a higher education consulting firm, released the results of a study that illustrated that the recession had made a significant impact on the views of prospective continuing education students. A survey of 1,500 adults who planned to enroll in a course or program within the next two years determined that while nearly half of respondents believed that the value of education had risen due to the recession, over two-thirds said the state of the economy had affected their plans to pursue continuing education.
The World Bank's 2019 World Development Report on the future of work explains that flexible learning opportunities at universities and adult learning programs that allow workers to retrain and retool are vital in order for labor markets to adjust to the future of work. The method of delivery of continuing education can include traditional types of classroom lectures and laboratories. However, many continuing education programs make heavy use of distance education, which not only includes independent study, but can include videotaped material, broadcast programming or online education which has more dominated the distance learning community. Continuing education unit Continuing legal education Continuing medical education Community education Dual enrollment E-learning Independent scholar Lifelong learning National Council of Labour Colleges Workers' Educational Association in Australia and the UK Wilson, A. L. & Hayes, E... Handbook of adult and continuing education. John Wiley & Sons. Chicago University Professional and Continuing Education Association International Association for Continuing Education & Training Association for Continuing Higher Education American Association for Adult and Continuing
"Up Above My Head" is a gospel song of traditional origin, first recorded in 1941 by The Southern Sons, a vocal group formed by William Langford of the Golden Gate Quartet. In the version, now the best-known, it was recorded in 1947 by Sister Rosetta Tharpe and Marie Knight as a duo; the spiritual "Over My Head" dating from the 19th century but of unknown authorship, contains many of the same lines as "Up Above My Head" – "Over my head / I hear music in the air../ There must be a God somewhere" – and may be presumed to be its origin. Civil rights leader Bernice Johnson Reagon changed the traditional words of the song in 1961, to "Over my head / I see freedom in the air...". In 1995, the National Association for Music Education published a list of songs that "every American should know", which included "Over My Head"; the recording by Sister Rosetta Tharpe and Marie Knight was made on November 24, 1947, in New York City for Decca Records. Besides Tharpe and Knight, other musicians on the record were Sam Price, George "Pops" Foster, Wallace Bishop.
The record reached number 6 on the Billboard "Race Records" chart in late 1948. The song is formed in the traditional call and response format, with Tharpe singing a short line followed by Knight's "response" of the same line. There are seven lines in each verse—the first six in call and response, the seventh sung in unison. Tharpe's biographer, Gayle Wald, describes Tharpe's performance as "an ear-popping display of vocal fireworks", singing the opening line "so fierce and smooth at the same time that it anticipates 1960s soul." She comments that "especially in the driving instrumental bridge between verses,'Up Above My Head' leaves the Sanctified Church behind and charts a straight course toward rhythm and blues," adding that the song "had an undeniable energy that paralleled the collective optimism of black people in the post-war years." It was recorded as a duet by Frankie Laine and Johnnie Ray on October 17, 1956. The song formed part of a double A-side release in the UK in October 1957.
The single combined "Good Evening Friends" with the more titled "Up Above My Head, I Hear Music in the Air", peaked at number 25 in the UK Singles Chart. It was released as a duet by Long John Baldry and Rod Stewart in June 1964, it was as the B-side to United Artists UP 1056). Al Hirt released a version of the song in 1964 on Sugar Lips; the song went to #12 on the Adult Contemporary chart and #84 on the Billboard Hot 100. Hirt released a live version on Live at Carnegie Hall, it was produced by Chet Atkins. This song was performed by Elvis Presley in the 1968 TV special, Elvis, it was inserted in the gospel medley with the songs: "Where Could I Go But To The Lord" and "Saved". A blues version of the song was done by the American singer and musician Ruthie Foster on her 2007 album. Vanessa Collier recorded the song for her 2017 album, Meeting My Shadow. A roots reggae version exists recorded by the British act Matumbi on their 1978 album Seven Seals, produced by Dennis Bovell; the song was covered by Rhiannon Giddens on her solo album Tomorrow Is My Turn.
"Up above my head I hear music in the air Up above my head I hear music in the air I do believe There's a Heaven up there." Each additional verse is the same as the first, the word "music" replaced with another word. In the years following the song's introduction many have added more replacement words, which extend the song's length; the line "Up above my head / I hear music in the air" was used by The Trammps in their 1977 hit "Disco Inferno"
Richard Didier is a French senior civil servant. He served as the Administrator Superior of Wallis and Futuna for two years, from 2006 to 2008. Didier was marked with tensions and succession struggles between several of Wallis and Futuna's royal families and clans following the death of Tomasi Kulimoetoke II in 2007. Didier left Wallis and Futuna for metropolitan France in 2008. Didier was appointed the Prefect of the Haute-Loire department by the French Cabinet at a meeting on 28 July 2008, he was succeeded as Administrator Superior of Futuna by Philippe Paolantoni. He is Prefect without assignment. World Statesman: Wallis and Futuna
Mux is a video technology company headquartered in San Francisco, California. Mux focuses on video streaming infrastructure video performance analytics. Mux was founded in 2015 by Jonathan Dahl, Steve Heffernan, Matthew McClure, Adam Brown. Jonathan Dahl and Steve Heffernan are the founders of Zencoder, a cloud encoding company sold to Brightcove in 2012; the name “Mux” is short for “multiplexing,” a reference to combining multiple signals into one in digital media. Mux has raised a total of $11.8m from Accel Partners, YCombinator, Lowercase Capital, Susa Ventures, SV Angel, more. Mux is member of Heavybit and went through the YCombinator program in 2016. Mux’s first product was a quality of service analytics platform to measure a viewer’s experience while watching video. In 2018, Mux announced an API for video streaming using per-title encoding, a technique similar to that used by Netflix
In economics, total cost is the total economic cost of production and is made up of variable cost, which varies according to the quantity of a good produced and includes inputs such as labour and raw materials, plus fixed cost, independent of the quantity of a good produced and includes inputs that cannot be varied in the short term: fixed costs such as buildings and machinery, including sunk costs if any. Since cost is measured per unit of time, it is a flow variable. Total cost in economics, unlike in cost accounting, includes the total opportunity cost of each factor of production as part of its fixed or variable costs; the rate at which total cost changes as the amount produced changes is called marginal cost. This is known as the marginal unit variable cost. If one assumes that the unit variable cost is constant, as in cost-volume-profit analysis developed and used in cost accounting total cost is linear in volume, given by total cost = fixed cost + unit variable cost × amount of variable input used.
The total cost of producing a specific level of output is the cost of all the factors of input used. Economists use models with two inputs: physical capital, with quantity X and labor, with quantity L. Capital is assumed to be the fixed input, meaning that the amount of capital used does not vary with the level of production in the short run; the rental price per unit of capital is denoted r. Thus, the total fixed cost equals Kr. Labor is the variable input. In fact, in the short run, the only way to vary output is by varying the amount of the variable input. Labor usage is denoted L and the per unit cost, or wage rate, is denoted w, so the variable cost is Lw. Total cost is fixed cost plus variable cost, or TC = FC + VC = Kr+Lw. In the long run, both capital usage and labor usage are variable. Other economic models have the total variable cost curve illustrate the concepts of increasing, diminishing, marginal return. In marketing, it is necessary to know how total costs divide between fixed. "This distinction is crucial in forecasting the earnings generated by various changes in unit sales and thus the financial impact of proposed marketing campaigns."
In a survey of nearly 200 senior marketing managers, 60% responded that they found the "variable and fixed costs" metric useful. Total product = Quantity of goods Average Total Cost = Total Cost / X Average Variable Cost = Total Variable Cost / Quantity of goods Average Fixed Cost = ATC – AVC Total Cost = X Quantity of goods Total Variable Cost = Variable cost per unit X Quanity of goods Total Fixed Cost = TC – TVC Marginal Cost = Change in Total Costs / Change in Quantity of goods Marginal Product = Change in Quantity of goods / Change in Variable Factor Marginal Revenue = Change in Total Revenue / Change in Quantity of goods Average Product = Quantity of goods / Variable Factor Total Revenue = Price X Quantity of goods Average Revenue = TR / Quantity of goods Total Product = AP X Variable Factor Profit = TR – TC or *Q Loss = TC – TR Break Even Point: value of Quantity of goods where Avergage Revenue = Average Total Cost Profit Maximizing Condition: Marginal Revenue = Marginal Cost Marginal Revenue =The rate of change in Total Revenue with Quantity Semi-variable cost Cost curve Total cost of acquisition Total cost of ownership
Mark Stevens is an American billionaire venture capitalist, a partner at S-Cubed Capital in Menlo Park, California. He was with Intel and Sequoia Capital, he serves on the board of Nvidia, is an investor in the Golden State Warriors of the National Basketball Association. Stevens earned bachelor's and master's degrees from the University of Southern California, an MBA from Harvard Business School. During his time at USC, Stevens was a member of the Phi Kappa Psi fraternity. Stevens joined Intel in 1982 a mid-sized company about to capitalize on the PC boom, he joined as a technical salesperson and worked in a variety of marketing and sales roles while earning his master's degree in Computer Engineering from USC. He left in 1987 to receive his MBA from Harvard Business School. In 1989, Stevens became a partner at Sequoia Capital and began to concentrate on semiconductor and systems-related investments. Over the years, he became a rising star on Forbes magazine's Midas List of top 100 venture capitalists, climbing as high as 10th place.
He served as a director of at least 12 companies during this time. Stevens was one of the five voting partners at Sequoia Capital who were jointly responsible for some of the high-tech industry's most successful investments: Google, Yahoo!, YouTube, others. He is the founder of and affiliated with S-Cubed capital. In 2004, Stevens and his wife Mary donated $22 million to the University of Southern California and to help found the USC Stevens Institute for Technology Commercialization to advance engineering within the USC Viterbi School of Engineering, it was renamed USC Stevens Center for Innovation, having expanded its scope to include other disciplines. In 2015, Stevens and his wife donated $50 million to endow and name the USC Mark and Mary Stevens Neuroimaging and Informatics Institute; the Institute's goal is to enhance knowledge of brain science through the application of imaging and information technologies. In 2017, the Institute received FDA clearance for clinical use of the first seven-Tesla MRI scanner in North America.
In 2019, the Institute, along with the Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research, announced the addition of more than 108 terabytes of RNA sequencing data to its open access portal associated with the Parkinson's Progression Markers Initiative. Stevens is a member of the USC Viterbi School of Engineering Board of Councilors and, since 2001, the USC Board of Trustees, he served on the board of trustees of the Menlo School in Menlo Park, California. Stevens became an investor in the Golden State Warriors of the NBA in 2013 by purchasing shares held by Vivek Ranadive, he was ejected from Oracle Arena during Game 3 of the 2019 NBA Finals, after an altercation with Kyle Lowry of the Toronto Raptors. Stevens was banned from games and team activities for one year and fined $500,000. A 2016 New York Times analysis of the team's value suggested it had more than doubled from Stevens’ 2013 investment. USC Stevens Institute for Innovation