Haylie Katherine Duff is an American actress, songwriter, television host and fashion designer. She is best known for her role as Sandy Jameson in the television series 7th Heaven, Amy Sanders in Lizzie McGuire, Summer Wheatley in Napoleon Dynamite, Annie Nelson in the made-for-television films Love Takes Wing along with its sequel Love Finds a Home, she is the older sister of American singer and actress Hilary Duff. The older sister and former castmate of Lizzie McGuire star Hilary Duff, Haylie Duff was born in Houston, Texas. Duff's mother, Susan Colleen Duff is a film producer, a co-executive producer of A Cinderella Story, a producer of The Perfect Man and Material Girls, the manager of Hilary, her father, Robert Erhard "Bob" Duff, a partner and owner in a chain of convenience stores with his father, John B. Duff, resides at the family home in Houston to maintain the family's business, she began her acting career as an offshoot of her early dance training. Growing up in Texas, Duff began ballet at an early age.
By the age of eight, Duff landed a role in the Houston Metropolitan Dance Company's production of The Nutcracker Suite. Duff's early career started by making guest appearances on made-for-television films such as True Women and on TV series such as The Amanda Show. In addition to guest-starring roles on Chicago Hope, Boston Public, Third Watch, Duff became a familiar face starting in late 2002 as Amy Sanders on Lizzie McGuire. In 2004, Duff made. After making guest appearances on television, Duff received her first role in a feature film when she was cast as Summer Wheatley in Napoleon Dynamite; the film earned. She continued making guest appearances, which include Joan of American Dreams, she lent her voice talent to the Christmas animation film In Search of Santa which again, featured sister Hilary. In 2005, Duff joined the cast of the television series 7th Heaven, playing Sandy Jameson, best friend to Simon's girlfriend Rose. In June 2006, Duff joined the Broadway cast of Hairspray, portraying mean girl Amber Von Tussle, left the role in early October 2006.
Duff has starred in Material Girls with sister Hilary, where she is credited as co-producer, with her mother and sister credited as producers. Following Material Girls, Duff appeared in various made-for-television or straight-to-DVD films including Nightmare, My Sexiest Year, Pretty Little Devils, Love Takes Wing, Love Finds a Home and My Nanny's Secret. Between 2008 and 2015, Duff appeared in various films and TV roles. A.. She lent her voice to the animated film Foodfight!, but due to distribution issues, the film was delayed for years until it saw a release in 2012. Duff hosted the reality show Legally Blonde: The Musical – The Search for Elle Woods, which searched for an actress to take over the lead role in Legally Blonde: The Musical where she had been in the chorus, she was listed as an executive producer of the series. Duff's most recent project was the film Badge of Honor in 2015. Duff has recorded numerous singles for various soundtracks with her sister, with most of them appearing on the Disneymania discs.
Notable soundtracks include: In Search of Santa, The Lizzie McGuire Movie, A Cinderella Story, Material Girls. She was featured on rapper Kool G Rap's album Half a Klip, providing the background vocals on the track "On the Rise Again" produced by DJ Premier. Duff sang "A Whatever Life" for the Stuck in the Suburbs soundtrack and "Sweetest Pain" for the Raising Helen soundtrack, she is featured on song "Babysitting Is a Bum Deal" on the album Family Guy: Live in Las Vegas, singing a duet with Seth MacFarlane as his character Stewie. In addition to singing, Duff has written and co-written several songs for her sister Hilary's first two studio albums and her self titled second album. In 2012 she started her own blog called "Real Girl's Kitchen", picked up by the Cooking Channel and made into a show in 2014. In 2013, Duff released her first book called "The Real Girl's Kitchen". In 2017 Haylie started. In 2009, Duff stated, "I am a Christian, but I don't see myself as a religious person. I see myself as more of a spiritual person.
There are a lot of things that I do agree with in things that I don't agree with. I'm not a regular churchgoer, but I do think that I have my own beliefs that I feel about." In April 2014, Duff announced her engagement to Matt Rosenberg after one-and-a-half years of dating and gave birth to their daughter, Ryan Ava Erhard, on May 11, 2015. On January 5, 2018, Duff announced via her Instagram account that she and Rosenberg were expecting their second child. A month she revealed she was having another girl, she gave birth to their second daughter, Lulu Gray, on June 5, 2018. Real Girl's Kitchen Little Moon Society Haylie Duff on IMDb
Rachael Domenica Ray is an American television personality, celebrity chef, author. She hosts the syndicated daily talk and lifestyle program Rachael Ray, three Food Network series. Other programs to her credit include Rachael Ray's Week In A Day and the reality format shows Rachael vs. Guy: Celebrity Cook-Off, Rachael Ray's Kids Cook-Off. Ray has written several cookbooks based on the 30 Minute Meals concept, launched a magazine Every Day with Rachael Ray, in 2006. Ray's television shows have won three Daytime Emmy Awards. Rachael Domenica Ray was born in Glens Falls, New York, the daughter of Elsa Providenza Scuderi and James Claude Ray, her mother's ancestry is Sicilian and her father's is French and Welsh. When Ray was 8, her family moved to New York, her mother managed restaurants in New York's Capital District, including the Lake George Howard Johnson's restaurant, located near the former Gaslight Village amusement park, which attracted many of the entertainers. In 1995, Ray moved to New York City.
She worked first at the Macy's Marketplace candy counter. When Macy's tried to promote her to a buyer in accessories, she moved to Agata & Valentina, a specialty foods store. Moving back to upstate New York, Ray managed Mister Brown's Pub at The Sagamore, a hotel on Lake George. From there, she became a buyer at a gourmet market in Albany. Ray credits the concept of 30 Minute Meals to her experience working at the store, where she met people who were reluctant to cook, she taught a course. With the success of her "30 Minute Meals" classes, WRGB, the local CBS-TV affiliate, asked her to appear in a weekly segment on their newscasts. This, along with a public radio broadcast and the publication of her first book, led to a Today show spot and her first Food Network contract in 2001. Ray, who favors a "quick and easy" cooking style, teaches many simple recipes that she says can be completed in 30 minutes or less, although critics claim her concept does not include preparation time. Ray says her Sicilian maternal grandfather, Emmanuel Scuderi, her Cajun ancestry both exert strong influences on her cooking.
She uses ingredients such as fresh herbs and chicken stock to boost flavors, believes measuring "takes away from the creative, hands-on process of cooking." She, favors approximations such as "half a palmful." To critics of her shortcut techniques, Ray responds, "I have no formal anything. I'm unqualified for any job I've had." She has repeatedly said, "I'm not a chef."On her television programs, she has used catchphrases such as "E-V-O-O", "yum-o," "G. B.", "Oh my gravy!", "entréetizer", "stoup", "choup". In 2007, The Oxford American College Dictionary announced the addition of the term EVOO, short for extra-virgin olive oil, which Ray had helped to popularize, credited her with coining the phrase. One of Ray's specialties is burgers, she has devoted one of her published works, 2012's The Book Of Burger, to the subject. Ray hosted 30 Minute Meals on Food Network for 11 seasons from 2001 to 2012. In 2005, she signed a deal to host a syndicated daytime TV talk show; the show, Rachael Ray, premiered on September 18, 2006.
Recurrent appearances on The Oprah Winfrey Show were used to fuel the launch, much as Dr. Phil's show was spun off based on his own frequent visits to Oprah; the show tapes in New York City. In coordination with the syndication announcement, Ray said, "People know me for my love of food, but I have so much more I want to share."On January 12, 2008, Ray's television series Rachael's Vacation premiered on the Food Network. The show was a five-part food travelogue shot in various European countries. In 2008, Ray became a television executive producer of a short-lived Latin cooking show on the Food Network, called Viva Daisy!, starring Daisy Martínez. In January 2012, Rachael and Guy Fieri were team captains in the Food Network reality series Rachael vs. Guy: Celebrity Cook-Off. In 2003, Ray posed for the men's magazine FHM. Though she was not nude in any of the photos, this drew criticism so harsh, at least not from Ray's own mother, that in a March 2, 2009 ABC News Nightline interview she gave to Cynthia McFadden, an ABC News correspondent, Ray defended her decision to pose in the magazine.
The interview quoted her as saying, "I'd do it again tomorrow."The Reader's Digest Association launched Ray's magazine Every Day with Rachael Ray on October 25, 2005. The magazine featured seven issues in 2006 and increased to 10 issues in 2007. In October 2011, Meredith Corporation acquired the magazine. In November 2006, Ray became a spokeswoman for Nabisco crackers, she appears on boxes for the many Nabisco products. Many boxes with Ray's picture have her recipes. In February 2007, WestPoint Home launched sheets and coverlets designed by Ray. Within six months, WestPoint expanded Ray's bed and bath line to include the "Moppine," a two-in-one dish towel/oven mitt, as Ray is seen with a kitchen towel over her shoulder that doubles for her as an ersatz mitt. In March 2007, the Dunkin' Donuts company announced Ray as its celebrity endorser of its coffee, since she had denied being able to make coffee herself; as part of a promotional campaign, Ray describes the company's coffee as "fantabulous."In May 2007, Ray's recipes were made available on AT&T cellular phones via the "Rachael Ray Recipes on the Run" feature.
In July 2008, Rachael Ray's "Nutrish" pet food was introduced. The dog foods are created from recipes Ray developed for her pit bull, "I
Food: Fact or Fiction?
Food: Fact or Fiction? is an American food-themed television series that airs on Cooking Channel. It is presented by actor Michael McKean; the series features McKean discussing the history of different foods and breaking down whether common beliefs about the history of those foods are indeed factual. Food: Fact or Fiction? Officially premiered on October 26, 2015. Official website Food: Fact or Fiction? on IMDb
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Letterboxing is the practice of transferring film shot in a widescreen aspect ratio to standard-width video formats while preserving the film's original aspect ratio. The resulting videographic image has mattes below it. LBX or LTBX are the identifying abbreviations for images so formatted; the term refers to the shape of a letter box, a slot in a wall or door through which mail is delivered, being rectangular and wider than it is high. Letterboxing is used as an alternative to a full-screen, pan-and-scan transfer of a widescreen film image to videotape or videodisc. In pan-and-scan transfers, the original image is cropped to the narrower aspect ratio of the destination format the 1.33:1 ratio of the standard television screen, whereas letterboxing preserves the film's original image composition as seen in the cinema. Letterboxing was developed for use in 4:3 television displays before widescreen television screens were available, but it is necessary to represent on a 16:9 widescreen display the unaltered original composition of a film with a wider aspect ratio, such as Panavision's 2.35:1 ratio.
Letterbox mattes are symmetrical, but in some instances the picture can be elevated so the bottom matte is much larger for the purpose of placing "hard" subtitles within the matte to avoid overlapping of the image. This was done for letterbox widescreen anime on VHS, though the practice of "hiding" subtitles within the lower matte is done with symmetrical mattes, albeit with less space available; the placing of "soft" subtitles within the picture or matte varies according to the DVD player being used, though it appears to be dependent on the movie for Blu-ray disc. The first use of letterbox in consumer video appeared with the RCA Capacitance Electronic Disc videodisc format. Letterboxing was limited to several key sequences of a film such as opening and closing credits, but was used for entire films; the first letterboxed CED release was Amarcord in 1984, several others followed including The Long Goodbye, Monty Python and the Holy Grail and The King of Hearts. Each disc contains a label noting the use of "RCA's innovative wide-screen mastering technique."
In some continents such as North America all VHS titles were only released in pan-and-scan versions. However, most LaserDiscs and some VHS releases were released in their original widescreen versions. A good number of North American NTSC DVD releases early DVDs, family films, more popular titles, tend to offer both "Widescreen" and "Fullscreen" versions on the same disc or on a "flipper" format DVD, while most are available in separate versions; some DVD releases of films are in full screen only, due to whatever existing master is available or basing on what format demographics prefer to see on a certain title. In other territories, such as Europe and Asia, widescreen versions of films on VHS and LaserDisc were much more common in those territories, is ubiquitous on region 2 DVDs. Movies such as The Graduate and Woodstock that made use of the full width of the movie screen have the sides cut off and look different in non-letterboxed copies from the original theatrical release; this is more apparent in pan-and-scanned movies that remain on the center area of the film image.
The term "SmileBox" is a registered trademark used to describe a type of letterboxing for Cinerama films, such as on the Blu-ray release of How the West Was Won. The image is produced with 3D mapping technology to approximate a curved screen. With the advent of widescreen HDTV units in every household few films are being offered in 4:3 and pan-and-scan releases today, except for older material shot in 4:3 only such as TV shows, made for TV productions, pre-1953 films; some titles that were released in full screen only on VHS and DVD are now being issued in their original widescreen ratio on recent DVDs and Blu-rays. Digital broadcasting allows 1.78:1 widescreen format transmissions without losing resolution, thus widescreen is becoming the television norm. Most television channels in Europe are broadcasting standard-definition programming in 16:9, while in the United States, these are downscaled to letterbox; when using a 4:3 television, it is possible to display such programming in either a letterbox format or in a 4:3 centre-cut format.
A letterboxed 14:9 compromise ratio was broadcast in analogue transmissions in European countries making the transition from 4:3 to 16:9. In addition, recent years have seen an increase of "fake" 2.35:1 letterbox mattes on television to give the impression of a cinema film seen in adverts, trailers or television programmes such as Top Gear. Current high-definition television systems use video displays with a wider aspect ratio than older television sets, making it easier to display widescreen films. In addition to films produced for the cinema, some television programming is produced in high definition and therefore widescreen. On a widescreen television set, a 1.78:1 image fills the screen. Because the 1.85:1 aspect ratio does not match the 1.78:1 aspect ratio of widescreen DVDs and high-definition video, slight letterboxing occurs. Such matting of 1.85:1 film is eliminated to match the 1.78:1 aspect ratio in the DVD and HD image transference. Letterbox mattes are not black. IBM has used blue mattes for many of thei
Maurice Alberto Rocca is an American humorist and actor. He is a correspondent for CBS Sunday Morning, the host and creator of My Grandmother's Ravioli on the Cooking Channel, the host of The Henry Ford's Innovation Nation on CBS, he is the moderator of the National Geographic Society's National Geographic Bee. He is the host of the podcast Mobituaries with Mo Rocca from CBS News. Rocca was born in Washington, D. C.. He attended a Jesuit boys' school in North Bethesda, Maryland, he graduated from Harvard University in 1991 with a bachelor of arts degree in literature. He served as president of Harvard's Hasty Pudding Theatricals, performing in four of the company's notorious burlesques and co-authoring one. Rocca began his career acting on stage in the Southeast Asia tour of the musical Grease and Paper Mill Playhouse's South Pacific, his first television work was as a writer and producer for the Emmy and Peabody Award-winning children's television series Wishbone. He wrote for The Wubbulous World of Dr. Seuss on the Nickelodeon TV channel and Pepper Ann on the ABC TV network.
In 2011, he won an Emmy as a writer for the 64th Annual Tony Awards. From 1998 to 2003, Rocca was a regular correspondent for The Daily Show, which gave him his start in television, his work included campaign coverage for Indecision 2000 and a regular feature called "That's Quite Interesting."In 2004, he served as a convention-floor correspondent for Larry King Live at the Democratic and Republican party conventions. He was a regular correspondent for The Tonight Show on the NBC TV network from 2004 to 2008, covered the 2008 election for NBC. Rocca is a regular correspondent for CBS Sunday Morning with Jane Pauley, his work includes cover stories and profiles with an emphasis on presidential history. He is a regular panelist on the quiz show Wait Wait... Don't Tell Me! on the NPR radio network. In 2012, Rocca became a regular contributor to the then-new CBS This Morning. Rocca's satirical book, All the Presidents' Pets: The Story of One Reporter Who Refused to Roll Over, deals with American presidents, their pets, reporters and was published by Crown Books in 2004.
Rocca created, since its debut in 2012 has hosted, the program My Grandmother's Ravioli on the Cooking Channel, for which he travels across the United States, learning to cook from grandmothers and grandfathers in their kitchens. He hosted Food on the Cooking Channel and was a regular judge on Iron Chef America on the Food Network. Rocca was a commentator on VH1's I Love the'70s and I Love the'80s, he was the host of Bravo's Things I Hate About You channel and Whoa! Sunday, which premiered in 2005 on the Animal Planet TV channel, he made guest appearances for the Law & Order television franchise in the episodes "Authority" and "Contract", both in 2008. He is the host of the weekly The Henry Ford's Innovation Nation program, which has aired as part of the CBS Dream Team on Saturdays since 2014. On September 25, 2015, Rocca served as Lector during the Mass celebrated by Pope Francis at New York City's Madison Square Garden. On Broadway, Rocca played the role of Vice Principal Douglas Panch in The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee.
Rocca appeared in the 2005 film Bewitched and, in 2007, in the independent science-fiction family comedy I'll Believe You with fellow Daily Show alumnus Ed Helms. In 2012, Rocca was the narrator of the documentary Electoral Dysfunction, a movie which satirically analyzes the American voting system and which aired on PBS in 2012 and 2016, he shared on social media a scripture reading that he delivered while serving as Lector during Pope Francis's 2015 Mass at Madison Square Garden. His contribution to AOL Newsbloggers was titled Mo Rocca 180°: Only Half as Tedious as the Regular News. On May 13, 2015, Rocca appeared on a celebrity episode of Jeopardy! and came in second to CNN correspondent John Berman, amassing a total of $41,600. Rocca began moderating the finals of the National Geographic Bee in 2016. Soledad O'Brien preceded Alex Trebek preceded O'Brien. In July 2011, Rocca revealed on The Six Pack podcast, his participation in Pope Francis' September 2015 Mass in Madison Square Garden was hailed by gay rights advocates.
Mo Rocca on IMDb Mo Rocca Interview on LX. TV
Discovery, Inc. is an American mass media company based in Silver Spring and established in 1985. The company operates factual television networks, such as its namesake Discovery Channel, Animal Planet, Investigation Discovery, Science Channel, TLC, other spin-off brands. In March 2018, the company completed its acquisition of Scripps Networks Interactive, which added networks such as Food Network, HGTV, Travel Channel to its portfolio; the combined company operates five of the ten most-watched U. S. cable channels among women. Discovery owns or has interests in local versions of its channel brands in international markets, in addition to its other major regional operations such as Eurosport, Discovery Communications Nordic, TVN Group in Poland, Lionsgate, an American-Canadian movie studio, UKTV, a British channel group co-owned with BBC Studios, a portfolio of various free-to-air channels in Germany and Italy such as DMAX and Real Time; the company's namesake and flagship brand, Discovery Channel, first launched on June 17, 1985.
In 1991, Discovery Channel's owners acquired The Learning Channel. In October 1996, Discovery launched several new spin-off networks, including Animal Planet, the digital cable channels Discovery Kids, Discovery Travel & Living, Discovery Civilization, Science Channel; this was followed by the 1997 purchase of a 70% stake in Travel Channel, the 1998 launches of Discovery en Español, Discovery Wings, Discovery Health Channel. In 1998, Discovery acquired a stake in the struggling CBS Eye on People channel; the network folded in 2000, being replaced by other Discovery channels on providers. On September 1, 2001, Discovery Communications bought The Health Channel, announced that it would be re-branded as FitTV. In 2002, Discovery re-launched Discovery Civilization as Discovery Times, as part of a joint venture with The New York Times. In June 2002, coinciding with Discovery's 17th anniversary, the company launched a 24/7 high definition channel known as Discovery HD Theater. In 2003, Discovery Communications moved its headquarters from Bethesda to Silver Spring.
In 2003 and 2003, Discovery acquired academic film companies such as AGC, AIMS Multimedia, Clearvue & SVE to form Discovery Education. In March 2007, Discovery sold its stake in Travel Channel back to Cox Communications, in exchange for the stake in Discovery that Cox owned. Cox would sell the controlling interest in the channel to Scripps Networks Interactive in 2009. In June 2008, Discovery Home was replaced by Planet Green, a network devoted to environmentalism and ecological living. On January 15, 2008, Discovery announced that it had entered into a joint venture with Oprah Winfrey's Harpo Productions to re-launch Discovery Health as a new service, OWN: The Oprah Winfrey Network, in 2009. In 2008, Discovery Times was re-launched as Investigation Discovery, a new brand that would be dedicated to true crime programs and documentaries. On April 30, 2009, Discovery announced a joint venture with Hasbro to re-launch Discovery Kids as a new youth- and family-oriented entertainment channel; the channel named The Hub, launched on October 10, 2010.
After multiple delays, OWN launched on January 1, 2011. On March 17, 2009, Discovery Communications sued Amazon.com for patent infringement by its Kindle e-reader line, regarding "secure distribution of electronic text and graphics to subscribers and secure storage". The patents were developed by Discovery founder John Hendricks, developing technologies related to e-books and the digitization of television programs. While Discovery had divested the television-related patents, it retained the e-book patents. Amazon subsequently accused Discovery of violating a patent for an "Internet-based customer referral system". On October 4, 2011, due to the wider implementation of high-definition feeds for mainstream cable channels, HD Theater was re-launched as Velocity, a new "upscale male" network focusing on automotive programming. On May 28, 2012, Planet Green was re-launched as Destination America. In January 2014, Discovery launched a website that aggregates online education content. In May 2014, Discovery and its shareholder Liberty Media acquired British television studio All3Media for $930 million in a 50/50 joint venture.
The new ownership stated. In October 2014, Discovery acquired controlling interest in Hub Network from Hasbro and re-branded it as Discovery Family. In November 2014, Curiosity was spun out as a venture-funded startup, receiving $6 million in funding. In December 2015, Discovery launched Discovery Go, a TV Everywhere service offering access to live streaming and on-demand content from Discovery Communications' cable networks. In May 2016, Discovery initiated a restructuring plan aiming to save $40 to $60 million by the third quarter of 2016, including a shift in strategy to "maximize" its linear television business whilst plotting larger investments in content, digital media and international markets. In August 2016, Discovery purchased a minority stake in the Hong Kong-based digital talent and content company VS Media. In October 2016, Discovery purchased a minority stake in Group Nine Media, a digital media holding company consisting of T