Football is the most popular sport in Colombia. The Colombian national league ranks 9th in the IFFHSs ranking The Strongest National League in the World of 2014, the Colombian national team represents Colombia in international football competitions. The highest rank it has reached in the FIFA World Rankings is its current ranking of third in the world. Colombian players have made an impact in the world game, notably in European football. Colombia had its strongest period during the 1990s, where they were among the giants in world football, a match during this period in 1993 resulted in a 5–0 win over Argentina which caused a special mutual respect rivalry between both nations. During this era, Colombia qualified for the 1990,1994 and 1998 editions of the World Cup, at the 2001 Copa América, Óscar Córdoba became the first and only goalkeeper in history to keep a perfect clean sheet in a Copa América tournament. Football became an important part of the identity of Colombia as it fought the negative image of Colombia from the mid-1980s up to the present day, while Colombia has had ups and downs with the sport, football is still widely loved and supported. There is much debate about the origins of football in Colombia, most historians agree that the Caribbean Region was the place where football spread. It is believed that its origins go back to 1900, by English railway engineers from The Colombia Railways Company. The first clubs were formed in Barranquilla and Bogotá, Barranquilla FC, Polo Club, Escuela Militar and Bartolinos, the 1918 Campeonato Nacional was the first tournament played between Colombian clubs, followed by the Copa Centenario Batalla de Boyacá. Independiente Medellín, founded on 15 April 1913, is the oldest club that remains as a professional club and it was not until 1924 that the Colombian Football Federation was formed, initially under the name Liga de Fútbol, that gained the affiliation with FIFA and CONMEBOL in 1936. In 1948, a league was created, known as División Mayor del Fútbol Colombiano. Outside the remit of FIFA due to problems, the league recruited a number of leading players, such as Alfredo Di Stéfano, Neil Franklin and Charlie Mitten. In 1991, a division was added to the first with a third. With 15 titles, Atlético Nacional is the team with the most trophies, followed by Millonarios F. C. with 14, the Copa Colombia appeared in 1950, although this knockout competition was only contested from time to time until 2008 when it became an annual tournament. Atlético Nacional and Millonarios are also the most successful clubs in this competition, the Colombia national team made their first appearance in 1938 and since then have enjoyed both highs and lows. Colombia did not enter the Copa América until the 1945 tournament when they finished out of seven countries. Their participation was sporadic until 1975, a tournament in which finished as runners-up
The city spans 560.3 km2 with 120.9 km2 of urban area, making Cali the third-largest city proper and metropolitan area in population and the second-largest city by area in the country. As the only major Colombian city with access to the Pacific Coast, Cali is the urban and economic centre in southwest Colombia. The city was founded on 25 July 1536 by the Spanish conquistador Sebastián de Belalcázar, Cali is also a centre for sports in Colombia, and is the only Colombian city to have hosted the Pan American Games. Cali is the form of the official name of the city. Santiago honours Saint James whose feast day is celebrated on 25 July, the origin of the word Cali comes from the local Amerindians the Calima or Calimas. Before the arrival of the Spaniards, the region was inhabited by indigenous tribes, in the region between the Cauca River and the Western Cordillera, the Gorrones established themselves between the present day Roldanillo and Santiago de Cali. The biggest town of the Morrones was sited on the River Pescador near the towns of Zarzal. The Morrones traded with the Quimbayas who inhabited the north of the Valle del Cauca, on his way to Cali, Sebastián de Belalcázar first met the Timbas who ran away before the arrival of the men, leaving behind gold. After the Timbas, towards the north, the Spaniards entered the territory of the chief Jamundí and his tribe and this tribe offered a strong resistance to the invaders, fighting with poisonous darts and arrows against the arquebuses and swords of the Spaniards. Eventually, the Spanish prevailed in the struggle over the central valley, before taking control over the region, the Spaniards had to defeat the chief Petecuy, whose tribe inhabited the area between the river Lilí and the Western Cordillera. Petecuy formed a big army with many tribes and fought the Spaniards on Holy Tuesday of 1536, the natives lost to the Spaniards and the region was divided in encomiendas. Santiago de Cali was important for Belalcázar because it was outside the Inca empire, after his death, his descendants maintained possession of much of the land until the war of independence against Spain. The founder of Cali, Sebastián de Belalcázar, came to the American continent in the voyage made by Columbus in 1498. In 1532, after serving in Darién and Nicaragua, he joined Francisco Pizarro in the conquest of Perú, on 25 July 1536 Belalcázar founded Santiago de Cali, first established a few kilometres north of the present location, near what are now the towns of Vijes and Riofrío. During the Colonia, Santiago de Cali was part of the gobernación of Popayán, although initially Cali was the capital of Popayáns Gobernación, in 1540 Belalcázar moved this function to Popayán due to better weather. Until the 18th century most of the territory of what is now Santiago de Cali was occupied by haciendas, in 1793, Santiago de Cali had 6,548 inhabitants,1,106 of whom were slaves. The haciendas were the property of the dominant noble class with many slaves dedicated mostly to stockbreeding and raising sugar cane crops, many of these haciendas became zone of the present city like Cañaveralejo, Chipichape, Pasoancho, Arroyohondo, Cañasgordas, Limonar and Meléndez. Santiago de Cali was strategically positioned for trade, centrally located in relation to the regions of Antioquia, Chocó
Alianza Petrolera F.C.
They play their home games at the Daniel Villa Zapata stadium. Alianza Petrolera is one of the oldest teams in the Categoría Primera B, the years between 1998 and 2004 were the best for the team, even once reached the semi-finals. Although the team is based in Barrancabermeja, Santander, they have played also in the town of Guarne, Antioquia, moreover, the club was expected to formalize a partnership with Millonarios, to keep ahead of the tournament. At the end of the half, Alianza was last in the overall standings of the year. On November 22,2012, Alianza wins the first leg 1–0, three days later, on November 25, the team is crowned champion of the tournament after winning the second leg with a score of 3–1. Thus the team qualified for the final of the promotion, where it faces against América de Cali. The first leg ended 2–1 in favor of Alianza, while the second leg ended 1–0 in favor of America de Cali, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality