Central-West Region, Brazil
The Central-West or Center-West Region of Brazil is composed of the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul. This Region is right in the heart of Brazil, representing 18.86% of the national territory. With the move of the country's federal capital from Rio de Janeiro to Brasília in the 1960s, the construction of roads and railways to the interior of the country made access to the region easier, speeding up population growth and contributing to the region's development. Mato Grosso do Sul was created in 1979, materializing the decision of the government to divide the called state of Mato Grosso in two states to facilitate to the administration and the development of the region. Today, Center-West is attracting much investment for agriculture and industries, people from Southeast and Southern Brazil. Brasília International Airport, Marechal Rondon International Airport, Campo Grande International Airport and Santa Genoveva Airport connects the Center-West region with many Brazilian cities and operates some international flights.
The Center-West is home to the University of Brasília, University Center of Brasília, Federal University of Goiás, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul and Federal University of Mato Grosso. The Center-West region is the least populated from Brazil. Mato GrossoA state with a flat landscape, alternating great chapadas and plain areas, Mato Grosso presents three different ecosystems: Cerrado and the Amazon Rainforest; the vegetation of the open pasture covers 40% of the state and the National Park Chapada dos Guimarães, with its caves, grottos and waterfalls. In the north is the Amazonian Rainforest, with a huge biodiversity covering half of the state and the Xingu National Park and the river Araguaia. Further south, the Pantanal, the world largest plain covered with water, is the habitat for a thousand species of animals, with many aquatic birds. Mato Grosso do SulThe Pantanal covers 12 municipalities and presents an enormous variety of flora and fauna, with forests, natural sand banks, open pasture and bushes.
The city Bonito, in the mountain of Bodoquena, has prehistoric caverns, natural rivers, swimming pools and the Blue Lake cavern. Mato Grosso do Sul has tropical climate; the annual rainfall is 1,500 mm. January is the warmest month, with minima of 24 °C and more rain; the "cerrado" landscape is characterized by extensive savanna formations crossed by gallery forests and stream valleys. Cerrado includes various types of vegetation. GoiásThe most populous state of the region, Goiás presents a landscape of chapadões. In the height of the drought, from June to September, the lack of rain makes the level of the River Araguaia go down and brings up 2 km of beaches. At the Emas National Park in the municipality of Chapadão do Céu, it is possible to observe the typical fauna and the flora from the region. At the Chapada dos Veadeiros the attractions are the canyons, valleys and waterfalls. Other attractions are the historical city of Goiás, at 132 km from Goiânia, established in the beginning of the 18th century, Caldas Novas, known for its hot springs.
Federal DistrictLocated in the State of Goiás in a region called Planalto Central, the Federal District is divided in 31 administrative regions. Brasília - a place where the three branches of the Federal Government are located - is the main attraction of this dry area and climate with only two seasons; the rainy season is from October to March. During the dry season, the humidity can reach critical levels in the peak hours of the hottest days; the artificial lake of Paranoá, with 40 km² and 500 million m³ of water, was built to minimize the severe climatic conditions of the winter. The region attracts mystics and in its surroundings you find many temples of different religions and sectarian groups; the Central-West Region has 237 cities. The most populated are the following: The economy in the Central-West Region is based on cattle breeding, which took the place of gold and precious stone prospecting, which were local activities in the past. Brazil's largest manganese reserve is found in the Central-West Region in Urucum Woods and'political business' and tourism are very important to the region.
Vehicles: 3,944,768. But English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum. University of Brasília Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso Universidade Federal de Goiás Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul Tourism has grown at impressive speed in the last decades there, attracting visitors from several parts of Brazil and the world. Located in the middle of the vast Central Upland, the Central-West Region reveals how attractive the tours in the interior of the country can be. Starting in the west part of Mato Grosso do Sul State and the southeast part of Mato Grosso State, we have Pantanal Mato-grossense, its fauna and flora riches draw the attention of the world. In the same state, it's possible to take tours through pleasant places, such as Alta Floresta, where ecotourism is the greatest attraction.
Southeast Region, Brazil
The Southeast Region of Brazil is composed by the states of Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. It is the richest region of the country, responsible for 60% of the Brazilian GDP. São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais are three richest states of Brazil, the top three Brazilian states in terms of GDP; the Southeast of Brazil has the highest GDP per capita among all Brazilian regions. The Southeast region leads the country in population, urban population, population density, industries, airports, highways, schools and many other areas. São Paulo Heart of the largest continued remnant of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, the Ribeira Valley is a Natural Heritage of Humanity, granted heritage as a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO. One of the biggest attractions is the biologic and ecosystems diversity, where 400 species of birds, amphibians and mammals live; the Alto Ribeira Tourist State Park is paradise for ecotourists, for its enormous diversity in geologic formations, among grottos and caves and waterfalls.
There are 454 caves registered by the Brazilian Society of Speleology in the State of São Paulo, all at the Ribeira Valley. The 280 caves located at PETAR represent the biggest concentration of caves in Brazil. Minas Gerais The landscape of the State is marked by mountains and caverns. In the Serra do Cipó, Sete Lagoas and Lagoa Santa, the caves and waterfalls. Minas Gerais is the source of some of the biggest rivers in Brazil, most notably the São Francisco, the Paraná and to a lesser extent, the Rio Doce; the state holds many hydroelectric power plants, including Furnas dam. Some of the highest peaks in Brazil are in the mountain ranges in the southern part of the state, such as Serra da Mantiqueira and Serra do Cervo, that mark the border between Minas and its neighbors São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro; the most notable one is the Pico da Bandeira, the third highest mountain in Brazil at 2890 m, standing on the border with Espírito Santo state. The state has huge reserves of iron and sizeable reserves of gold and gemstones, including emerald and aquamarine mines.
Rio de Janeiro The state is part of the Mata Atlântica biome, its topography comprises both mountains and plains, located between the Mantiqueira Mountains and the Atlantic Ocean. Its coast is carved by the bays of Guanabara and Ilha Grande. There are prominent slopes near the ocean, featuring diverse environments, such as restinga vegetation, bays and tropical forests. Rio de Janeiro is one of the smallest in Brazil, it has, the third longest coastline in the country, extending 635 kilometers. Espírito Santo With 46.180 square kilometers, it is about the size of Estonia, or half the size of Portugal, has a variety of habitats including coastal plains, mountain forest and many others. The main river in the state is the Doce. Other important river basins include the Santa Maria River Basin, the northern branch of rivers which join the sea at Vitoria, Jucu River Basin which flows into the sea at the same place, but corresponds to the southern branch. Espírito Santo's climate is tropical with dry winters and rainy summers.
North of Doce River it's drier and hot. In the mountainous regions in the south and south west of the state, the tropical climate is influenced by altitude, the average temperatures are colder; the state can be divided into two areas: the low lying coastline and the highland area known as Serra, part of the larger Serra do Caparaó, the Caparaó Mountain Range. In the map to the right it is in the gray area in the extreme southwest of the state, is shared with Minas Gerais. São Paulo state is responsible for one-third of Brazilian GDP; the state's GDP consists of 550 billion dollars, making it the second biggest economy of South America after Brazil and the biggest subdivision economy in Latin America. Its economy is based on machinery, the automobile and aviation industries, financial companies, textiles, orange growing, sugar cane and coffee production. Minas Gerais is a growing state. Vehicles: 36,030,943. Portuguese is the official national language, thus the primary language taught in schools.
English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum. French is widely studied. Universidade de São Paulo. São Paulo São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport connects Brazil to 28 countries and is visited every day by nearly 100 thousand people. With capacity to serve 15 million passengers a year, in two terminals, the airport handles 12 million users. Construction of a third passenger terminal is pending, to raise yearly capacity to 29 million passengers; the project, in the tendering phase, is part of the
Goiânia Esporte Clube
Goiânia Esporte Clube, or Goiânia as they are called, are a Brazilian football team from Goiânia in Goiás state, founded on July 5, 1938. Their home stadium is the Olímpico Pedro Ludovico, they play in white shorts and black socks. Goiânia competed several times in the Série A; the club have the fourth largest fan base in the state. Goiânia Esporte Clube were founded on July 5, 1938, it is the oldest club of the state of Goiás; the club won the Campeonato Goiano in 1945, 1946, 1948, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1956, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1968 and 1974. However, after the Estádio Serra Dourada was inaugurated, Goiânia never won the state championship again, they won the Copa Brasil Central in 1967, the Campeonato Goiano Second Level in 1998 and in 2006. The first time the club competed in the Série A was in 1975, when they finished were eliminated in the first stage. In 1976, they were again eliminated in the first stage, being eliminated in the first stage again in 1977, in 1979. Goiânia competed in the Copa João Havelange, in 2000, when they were eliminated in the White Module's first stage.
Goiânia competed twice in the Copa do Brasil. The first time was in 1991; the second time was in 2001, when they beat América Mineiro in the first round, but were eliminated by Corinthians in the second round. Copa Brasil Central: Winners: 1967 Campeonato Goiano: Winners: 1945, 1946, 1948, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1956, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1968, 1974 Campeonato Goiano Second Level: Winners: 1998, 2006 Goiânia play their home games at Olímpico Pedro Ludovico, located in Goiânia; the stadium has a maximum capacity of 13,500 people, was inaugurated on September 3, 1941. The rivalry between Goiânia and Atlético Goianiense is the oldest of the state; the derby against Goiás is known as Clássico Go-Go. Vila Nova is another rival. Goiânia Esporte Clube official website
Atlético Clube Goianiense
Atlético Clube Goianiense known as Atlético Goianiense or just as Atlético, is a Brazilian football team from the city of Goiânia, Goiás state. Atlético Goianiense is the oldest Goiânia city football club; the club is the first team of its state to win a national competition, the Série C. Atlético Goianiense made a comeback to Brazil's top level Série A in 2010 after a 23-year absence. In 2016, Atlético Goianiense won the title of the Campeonato Brasileiro Série B for the first time, they won the title with two rounds in advance, beating the relegated Tupi by 5 to 3. On April 2, 1937, Nicanor Gordo and Joaquim Veiga founded the club, starting football in the newly founded city of Goiânia. Nicanor Gordo and Joaquim Veiga left the newly founded club in 1938, joined Goiânia EC, another new club. In 1944, the club competed in the first Campeonato Goiano, the first official football championship in the state, was contested between five clubs from Goiânia; the other teams were Vila Nova, Goiás and Campinas.
Atlético Goianiense won the competition. In 1957, the club won the state championship without losing a match winning the Torneio dos Invictos, played in the same year. In 1971, the team won the Torneio da Integração Nacional. In 1990, after defeating América Mineiro in the penalty shootout, Atlético Goianiense won the Campeonato Brasileiro Série C. In 2003, Atlético Goianiense finished in the state championship's last place, was relegated to the following year's second division. In 2005, the club won the Goiás State Championship Second Division, being promoted to the following year's First Division. In 2006, the club finished in second place in the Goiás State Championship First Level, they won the league in 2010 and in 2011; the club competed in the Copa Sudamericana in 2012. The club's greatest achievement was in 2016, when they won the Campeonato Brasileiro Série B. Série B: 12016Série C: 21990, 2008Campeonato Goiano: 131944, 1947, 1949, 1955, 1957, 1964, 1970, 1985, 1988, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2014Torneio da Integração Nacional: 11971 The club plays its home matches at Estádio Antônio Accioly, which has a maximum capacity of 12,000 people.
Instead the club has plans to make his own modern arena for more than 15,000 to replace Antônio Accioly Stadium. Atlético Goianiense's training center is called CT Urias Magalhães. Atlético Goianiense has another training ground for youth players at the city of Aparecida de Goiânia; the club's colors are black. It is composed of a red and black horizontal striped shirt, white short and red and black horizontal striped socks. Atlético Goianiense's mascot is a red dragon symbolizing the club; the club is nicknamed meaning Dragon. The flag is similar to the club's home kit, with red and black horizontal stripes, the logo in the center. Atlético's official anthem was composed by Joaquim Jayme, there is another, non-official, anthem; as of 11 April 2019Note: Flags indicate national team. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Enciclopédia do Futebol Brasileiro, Volume 1 – Lance, Rio de Janeiro: Aretê Editorial S/A, 2001. Official website Arquivo de Clubes
Espírito Santo is a state in southeastern Brazil. Its capital is Vitória, its largest city is the nearby Vila Velha. With an extensive coastline, the state hosts some of the country's main ports, its beaches are significant tourist attractions; the capital, Vitória, is located on an island, next to Guarapari, which constitutes the state's main metro area. In the northern extremes of Espírito Santo is Itaúnas, in the municipality of Conceição da Barra, a famed tourist location for its sand dunes and forró tradition; the Captaincy of Espírito Santo was carved out of the Captaincy of Bahia in the 18th century, during the colonial rule of Brazil, named after a 16th century captaincy covering the same area of coast. Following the elevation of Brazil to a constituent kingdom of United Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves in 1815, prompted by the transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil, Espírito Santo was elevated to a province. After the independence of Brazil in 1822, it became a province of the newly-established Empire of Brazil, after Brazil became a republic in 1889, it was granted statehood.
In the early 20th century, its current state symbols were adopted. Espírito Santo's namesake is the Christian Holy Ghost. There is debate as to the origin of the term capixaba, the unofficial demonym for those born in Espírito Santo. "Capixaba" is Tupi for "corn hair" because the blond hair of the European settlers reminded the Amerindian natives of the golden color of corn. A more mainstream explanation is. A third etymology is from the name of a local tribe, borrowed by the Portuguese during the colonial period. "capixaba" referred only to people from Vitória, but in common parlance it came to refer to those born anywhere in the state. The official state demonym, however, is "espírito-santense". Espírito Santo was first inhabited by Amerindians, whose different tribes were semi-nomadic, but there is no recorded history of pre-colonial Brazil; the area was colonized by the Portuguese starting in the 16th century, received African slaves and European immigrants of various origins. The Captaincy of Espírito Santo, a hereditary fief, was granted to Vasco Coutinho by Manuel I of Portugal around three decades after the Portuguese first landed in Brazil in 1500.
He arrived at the captaincy to serve his term on May 23, 1535, bringing a retinue of 60 soldiers, colonists and servants. They settled around the Bay of Vitória; the capital was at first established in Vila Velha, but due to frequent raids by Amerindians, it was moved to the current capital of Vitória, founded on September 8, 1551, on an island near Vila Velha, named Vitória Island. In 1556, after the arrival of European missionaries, the cities Serra, Nova Almeida and Santa Cruz were founded; the captaincy remained under the influence of Coutinho's family for 140 years. It was elevated to province status in 1821, following the 1815 elevation of Brazil to a constituent kingdom of the United Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves, prompted by the 1808 transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil; the Portuguese court were fleeing the Napoleonic Invasion of Portugal. After the Independence of Brazil in 1822, Espírito Santo's provincial status was kept, it was headed by an appointed provincial president.
Emperor Pedro II, on good terms with the provincial President, visited the Espírito Santo in 1860, during one of his tours of Brazil. In 1889, with the advent of the First Brazilian Republic, Espírito Santo was made one of the states of Brazil. Afonso Cláudio de Freitas Rosa was appointed the first governor of the State by the provisional government, he was followed by four other appointed governors until the first elected governor of Espírito Santo, Alfeu Adolfo Monjardim de Andrade e Almeida, was inaugurated on June 7, 1891. During the Vargas Era, state governors were indirectly elected by Congress. A short period of democracy existed during the Second Brazilian Republic. However, after the 1964 coup d'état, governors were once again chosen by the national assembly. After Cristiano Dias Lopes, Arthur Carlos Gerhard Santos, Élcio Álvares and Eurico Rezende were chosen in this fashion, the military government redemocratized, culminating in the adoption of Brazil's current 1988 Constitution. Democratic elections were held for the filling of every term, up to the incumbent, Renato Casagrande.
During the first three centuries of Portuguese colonialism, the main cash crop was sugarcane, until coffee, in high demand in Europe, overtook it in the mid 19th century. During the colonial era, there were periods of gold rush when agriculture was neglected, leading to food shortages, but not much gold was found in Espírito Santo as in the neighbouring states of São Paulo and Minas Gerais. Another reason for the subdued expansion was the colonial administration's prohibition of the laying roads leading into Minas Gerais, as it was feared gold would be smuggled through the state. With 46,180 square kilometers, it is about the size of Estonia, or half the size of Portugal, has a variety of habitats including coastal planes, mountainous forests and many others; the volcanic islands of Trindade and Martim Vaz, 715 kilometers east of Vitória in the southern Atlantic Ocean, are part of Espírito Santo. This Brazilian state is in the east of the southeas
Minas Gerais is a state in the north of Southeastern Brazil. It ranks as the second most populous, the third by gross domestic product, the fourth largest by area in the country; the state's capital and largest city, Belo Horizonte, is a major urban and finance center in Latin America, the sixth largest municipality in Brazil, after the cities of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador and Fortaleza, but its metropolitan area is the third largest in Brazil with just over 5,500,000 inhabitants, after those of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. Nine Brazilian presidents were born in the most of any state. With an area of 586,528 square kilometres —larger than Metropolitan France—it is the fourth most extensive state in Brazil; the main producer of coffee and milk in the country, Minas Gerais is known for its heritage of architecture and colonial art in historical cities such as São João del Rei, Ouro Preto, Diamantina and Mariana. In the south, the tourist points are the hydro mineral spas, such as Caxambu, Lambari, São Lourenço, Poços de Caldas, São Thomé das Letras, Monte Verde and the national parks of Caparaó and Canastra.
The landscape of the State is marked by mountains and large areas of fertile lands. In the Serra do Cipó, Sete Lagoas and Lagoa Santa, the caves and waterfalls are the attractions; some of Brazil's most famous caverns are located there. In recent years, the state has emerged as one of the largest economic forces of Brazil, exploring its great economic potential. Two interpretations are given for the origin of the name Minas Gerais, it comes from "Minas dos Matos Gerais", the former name of the colonial province. So a first and more common understanding affirms that the name means "General Mines", with the word Gerais serving as an adjective to the mines, which were themselves spread in several spots around a larger region. Another explanation is that this ignores the two large geographical spaces which conformed the state in its history: the region of the mines, the region of the Gerais; these corresponded to the areas of Sertão which were farther and hard to access from the mining spots. The confusion comes from the fact that the term "Gerais" is taken as an adjective to "Minas" in the first version, although according to this point of view it refers to the region called Gerais.
A further complication is that this is not a well-defined area on the map of the state, but rather a designation to these parts outside the mining spots, more related to the geography of Sertão, more isolated from the state's nucleus. Minas Gerais is in the north of the southeastern subdivision of Brazil, which contains the states of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Espírito Santo, it borders on Bahia, Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, the states of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro and the state of Espírito Santo. It shares a short boundary with the Distrito Federal. Minas Gerais is situated between 14°13'58" and 22°54'00" S latitude and between 39°51'32" and 51°02'35" W longitude, it is larger in area than Metropolitan Spain. Minas Gerais features some of the longest rivers in Brazil, most notably the São Francisco, the Paraná and to a lesser extent, the Rio Doce; the state holds many hydroelectric power plants, including Furnas. Some of the highest peaks in Brazil are in the mountain ranges in the southern part of the state, such as Serra da Mantiqueira and Serra do Cervo, that mark the border between Minas and its neighbors São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.
The most notable one is the Pico da Bandeira, the third highest mountain in Brazil at 2890 m, standing on the border with Espírito Santo state. The state has huge reserves of iron and sizeable reserves of gold and gemstones, including emerald and aquamarine mines. Emeralds found in this location are comparable to the best Colombia-origin emeralds, are most a bluish-green color; each region of the state has a distinct character, geographically and to a certain extent culturally. The central and eastern area of the state is hilly and rocky, with little vegetation on the mountains. Around Lagoa Santa and Sete Lagoas a typical Karst topography with caves and lakes is found; some of the mountains are entirely iron ore, which led to extensive mining. Recent advances in environmental policy helped to put limits to mining. About 200 kilometres to the east of Belo Horizonte is the second Metropolitan Region of the state, Vale do Aço, which has iron and steel processing companies along the course of the Rio Doce and its tributaries.
Vale do Aço's largest cities are Coronel Fabriciano and Timóteo. Now that mining is restricted large areas of forest are being removed for timber, charcoal and to clear land for cattle ranching; the original forest cover of these inland hills is much fragmented. The city of Governador Valadares is in the limit of this region with the poorer North; the south of Minas Gerais is green, with coffee and milk production. This region is notably cooler than the rest of the state, some locations are subject to temperatures just below the freezing point during the winter; the region is famed for its mineral-water resorts, including the cities of Poços de Caldas, Lambari, São Lourenço and Caxambu. Many industries are located at Pouso Alegre; the southeast of the state, called Zona da Mata was the richest region unti