Copa del Rey

The Campeonato de España–Copa de Su Majestad el Rey known as Copa del Rey or La Copa, is an annual knockout football competition in Spanish football, organized by the Royal Spanish Football Federation. The competition was founded in 1903, it is considered one of the most prestigious national cup trophies in the world. Copa del Rey winners qualify for the following season's UEFA Europa League. If they have qualified for Europe through their league position the Europa League spot is given to the highest-place team in the league who has not yet qualified. Barcelona is the most successful club in the competition, winning their fourth consecutive and 30th overall title against Sevilla in the 2018 final held at the Metropolitano Stadium. Athletic Bilbao have the second-most titles; the current title holders are Valencia. They defeated Barcelona in the 2019 final held at the Estadio Benito Villamarín in Seville. In 1902, a competition under the name Copa de la Coronación was played after Carlos Padrós president of Real Madrid, suggested a football tournament to celebrate the coronation of Spanish King Alfonso XIII.

Four other teams joined Madrid FC for the competition: FC Barcelona, Club Español de Foot-Ball, New Foot-Ball de Madrid and Club Bizcaya which defeated Barcelona in the final. That cup is on display in the Athletic Bilbao museum and the club includes the victory in its honours list, it is considered only the forerunner of the Copa del Rey. The Royal Spanish Football Federation does not recognize it; the Copa del Rey was Spain's football national championship from 1903 until the foundation of the Campeonato de Liga — League Championship — in 1928. It was known as the Copa del Ayuntamiento de Madrid. Between 1905 and 1932, it was known as the Copa de Su Majestad El Rey Alfonso XIII. During the Second Spanish Republic, it was known as the Copa del Presidente de la República or Copa de España and during the years of Francisco Franco's Spanish State, it was known as the Copa de Su Excelencia El Generalísimo or Copa del Generalísimo. Athletic Bilbao were declared winners in 1904 after their opponents Español de Madrid failed to show up.

In both 1910 and 1913, there was a split among the clubs and two rival associations, the Unión Española de Clubs de Fútbol and the Federación Española de Fútbol, organised rival competitions, the Copa UECF and the Copa FEF. In 1937, during the Spanish Civil War, clubs in the Republican area of Spain entered the Copa de la España Libre, with Levante beating their city rivals Valencia 1–0 in the final. Although in 2007 the Congress of Deputies urged the Royal Spanish Football Federation to recognise it as a Copa del Rey win for Levante, the governing body of Spanish football has not made a decision yet; because of the dispute regarding the 1902 competition, the statistics regarding the leading winners are disputed. Barcelona have won the Copa 30 times. Before the formation of La Liga in 1929, the competition was a national championship. Teams qualified to enter via their regional leagues. Over the years, various formats, including group stages have been used. Reserve teams of the professional clubs, who compete in lower divisions of the league pyramid, were permitted to take part until 1990.

For a number of years, only teams from the Primera División, Segunda A, about 23 teams from the Segunda B and the 17 Tercera División champions were invited to enter, giving a total of 83. Amended rules for the 2019–20 edition led to the number of entrants increasing to 125, including winners of the regional divisions at the fifth level. All rounds are single-leg ties with lower division teams hosting the match and the majority of the top-level clubs entering at the First Round, other than the semi-final stage, played over two legs; this is another change in the 2019–20 edition, with prior editions involving two legs from the point at which the top tier clubs entered in the Fourth round. The final is a one-off game played at a neutral venue; the winners qualify for both the Supercopa de España and the UEFA Europa League the following season. Throughout the history of the competition, there have been 12 actual trophies, which were permanently awarded to clubs for winning the competition either three times in a row or on five separate occasions, for other special reasons.

Thus, five trophies have been permanently awarded to Barcelona, three to Athletic Bilbao and one to Real Madrid. Athletic kept the first trophy as inaugural winners, Sevilla FC were awarded the Trofeo del Generalísimo after its first edition in 1939 and Atlético Madrid, winners the previous year, were awarded the 11th trophy following the death of Francisco Franco in 1976. On 22 December 2010, at an extraordinary gene

Lisa Bowerman

Lisa Bowerman is a British actress who portrayed Sandra Mute, the paramedic, in the BBC One medical drama Casualty, in the first two series, as Professor Bernice Summerfield in many Doctor Who Big Finish Productions' audio plays, as well as both directing and co-starring as Ellie Higson in Big Finish's Jago & Litefoot series of audio productions, themselves spun-off from the Doctor Who story "The Talons of Weng-Chiang". She played Karra, a cheetah person in Seventh Doctor TV story "Survival". Bowerman trained at the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School and was a regular in the first two series of BBC medical drama Casualty playing Sandra Mute, the show's first female paramedic, her other television work includes: Dodgem, The Count of Solar, Grange Hill, The Vision Thing, Doctors, McCallum, Bad Girls and Night and Day. In 2007 she guest-starred as the home secretary's PA in Spooks, returned to Casualty for a one-episode cameo role as a patient. In 2011 and 2012, she appeared in five episodes of Coronation Street as solicitor Jennifer Lingwood.

She has recorded many plays for BBC Radios 3 & 4, has worked extensively in theatre. Bowerman has had an extensive connection with the British science fiction television series Doctor Who - and its assorted spinoffs - since 1989. For the BBC, she played the role of Karra in "Survival", voiced Saruba Velak in Dreamland. In November 2013 she appeared in the one-off 50th anniversary comedy homage The Five Doctors Reboot. Since 1998, she has played companion Bernice Summerfield in the Big Finish Productions Doctor Who audio plays; as well as appearing in six Doctor Who audio plays opposite Sylvester McCoy as the Seventh Doctor and Sophie Aldred as Ace, she has starred in over 90 audio plays based on Bernice. Bowerman has either directed or played supporting roles in numerous other Big Finish audio plays: the latter roles have included Ruby in the Sapphire & Steel stories "Water Like a Stone", "Cruel Immortality" and "Second Sight", Murash in "I, Davros: Guilt" and Ellie in Jago & Litefoot. Outside of either Big Finish or the BBC, In July 2014 Bowerman directed episodes 1 and 2 of the original audio drama series Osiris by Everybodyelse Productions.

Bowerman is a professional photographer, a former House Committee Chair at Denville Hall, a retirement home for actors, a trustee of the Actors' Charitable Trust. Lisa Bowerman on IMDb

Nightmare Boyzzz

Nightmare Boyzzz was an American power pop/pop punk band formed in Florence, active from 2010 to 2014. Nightmare Boyzzz formed in 2010; the band was inspired by The Beach Boys, garage rock music, the soul music scene developed in nearby Muscle Shoals. Their live performances took place outside the Florence/Muscle Shoals area, such as at The Bottletree in Birmingham; the quintet attended SXSW in 2012 and 2013. Their first 7" single, Say What You Mean, was issued in 2011 by Florence-based Arkam Records, followed by Nuclear Summer on Happenin Records, they issued a split cassette with the Younger Siblings, a Birmingham-based group, in 2012. In November 2013, their debut album, Bad Patterns, was released. Sean Äaberg from PORK designed the cover art. Lead guitarist Justin Crumpton and drummer Josh Lynchard left the band prior to release, the group added three new members: lead guitarist Josh Macero, rhythm guitarist Jimmy Simpson, drummer "Tino". Former membersChris Jordanvocals, guitar Mike Grossman – bass guitar Josh Lynchard – drums Justin Crumpton – guitar Josh Macero – lead guitar Jimmy Simpson – rhythm guitar "Tino" – drums Studio albumsBad Patterns 7" singlesSay What You Mean / Backyard Coffins Nuclear Summer Split Up All Night Nightmare Boyzzz at AllMusic