Aarhus International Jazz Festival
Aarhus International Jazz Festival is an eight-day jazz festival in Aarhus, Denmark. It is held every year in July, August or September, the festival performs at the Aarhus Concert Hall, as well as many different venues across the city. Many concerts are played outdoors in the space and are for free. From 2014 and towards 2017 when Aarhus becomes European Capital of Culture and this will include jazz from Poland in particular, since the city of Wrocław is Capital of Culture in 2016. Initiated in 1988 by Musikhuset and local venues, Aarhus Jazz Festival has been a summer event in the city since 1989. The festival is bent on featuring new talents in jazz as well as local and international stars. Alternative musical styles with jazz-influences have been represented by such as Nitin Sawhney, Sting, Dr. John, Abdullah Ibrahim and The Roots in a mix with many local. The 2014 festival occurred on 11 July to 18 July, graphic designer Finn Nygaard has created many of the festival posters. He received design awards for these posters in 1990,1991,1998,2000,2001, Aarhus Jazz Festival Aarhus Jazz Festival Association.
Mark Sabbatini, The 2005 Aarhus International Jazz Festival All About Jazz, sommerens jazzfestivaler i Danmark Jazz Denmark. Short reviews of Danish jazz festivals in the summer, the Ultimate Guide to jazz festivals in Europe jazzfests. net
Steelpans is a musical instrument originating from Trinidad and Tobago. Steel pan musicians are called pannists, the modern pan is a chromatically pitched percussion instrument made from 55 gallon industrial drums that formerly contained chemicals. Steel pans are the instruments made to play in the Pythagorian musical cycle of fourths and fifths. The pan is struck using a pair of straight sticks tipped with rubber, some musicians use four pansticks, holding two in each hand. This skill and performance have been shown to have grown out of Trinidad. The pan is the instrument of Trinidad and Tobago. The celebration of carnivale had arrived with the French, who could not take part in carnival, formed their own, parallel celebration called canboulay. Stick-fighting and African percussion music were banned in 1880, in response to the Canboulay Riots and they were replaced by bamboo sticks beaten together, which were themselves banned in turn. In 1937 they reappeared in Laventille, transformed as an orchestra of frying pans, dustbin lids and these steelpans are now a major part of the Trinidadian music scene and are a popular section of the Canboulay music contests.
In 1941, the United States Navy arrived on Trinidad, the pannists, who were associated with lawlessness and violence, helped to popularize steelpan music among the soldiers, which began its international popularization. The first instruments developed in the evolution of steelpan were Tamboo-Bamboos and these were hit onto the ground and with other sticks in order to produce sound. Tamboo-Bamboo bands included percussion of a bottle and spoon, by the mid-1930s, bits of metal percussion were being used in the tamboo bamboo bands, the first probably being either the automobile brake hub iron or the biscuit drum boom. The former replaced the gin bottle-and-spoon, and the latter the bass bamboo that was pounded on the ground, by the late 1930s their occasional all-steel bands were seen at carnival, and by 1940 it had become the preferred carnival accompaniment of young underprivileged men. The 55-gallon oil drum was used to make steelpans from around 1947, the Trinidad All Steel Percussion Orchestra, formed to attend the Festival of Britain in 1951, was the first steelband whose instruments were all made from oil drums.
Members of TASPO included Ellie Mannette and Winston Spree Simon and they were featured on an album with him. Steelpans are built using sheet metal with a thickness between 0.8 and 1.5 mm. Historically, steelpans have been built from used oil barrels. Nowadays, many instrument makers do not rely on used steel containers and get the resonance bodies manufactured according to their preferences, in a first step, the sheet metal is stretched into a bowl shape. This process is usually done with hammers, manually or with the help of air pressure, the note pattern is marked onto the surface, and the notes of different sizes are shaped and molded into the surface
Aalborg Carnival is the name for the annual cultural event carnival in the city of Aalborg – the fourth largest city in Denmark. The carnival takes place the last week in May and is the largest carnival in Scandinavia, the Aalborg Carnival stands for a week and has 3 main carnival events, The Grand Parade, Battle of Carnival Bands and Children’s Carnival. The carnival week is for everyone – both professional groups and everybody who wants to act on his or her instincts and create their own costume. The Grand Parade is an event that attracts about 100,000 people to the streets of Aalborg each year. About 15 professional carnival groups from all over the open the parade and following them are thousands of people dressed out. The parade begins 4 different places in Aalborg, the different parts meet up downtown Aalborg and form one parade continuing to the city park Kildeparken. Here the Carnival Party continues for the rest of the day, one day before the Grand Parade, there is an international carnival celebration called Battle of Carnival Bands.
Every year lots of interesting carnival groups from all over the travel to Aalborg to participate in this event to compete for the title Best Carnival Group. The children have their own carnival as several thousands of children of all ages dress up, during this special day the city park, Kildeparken is transformed into a magic world filled with experiences and thrills for the children. Kirsti Thorvaldsen, Ebbe Lauridsen, Kaj Steensgård and Bramwell Flyckt are the founders of the Carnival in Aalborg, in 1983, they organised the first carnival in Aalborg and in this context established the association, Aalborg Carnival. Bramwell Flyckt was elected chairman of the ginger group, thus, in 1983, the Carnival Association was established as a grass-root organisation, and the very first Carnival in Aalborg was held in the centre of Aalborg on May 28,1983. The carnival parade consisted of 5-10,000 participants, since 1986, the association has had a secretariat to their disposal, which acts as an employment project.
The secretariat, which collaborates with the members and volunteers coordinates all of the associations events. After the carnival in 1987, the association found itself in a crisis, parts of the board did not wish to continue the work and the number of members decreased. NFU decided to offer their support and to contribute with considerable manpower to the boards work, the Carnival Association rose again. Initially, Carnival in Aalborg was held in the centre of Aalborg, due to the lack of safety in the centre and a substantial decrease in revenues, the board decided to move the event to the nearby park, Kildeparken. Every year, Carnival in Aalborg presents a different carnival theme, the theme serves as a source of inspiration for the participants, but is not a demand - all costumes are welcome. Themes throughout the years,2016, Once upon a time,2015, Taboo 2014, Trends of the time 2013, Angels and Demons 2012, The World Upside Down 2011, Sexzoological Zoo 2010, Mars and Venus
The term Danish Realm refers to the relationship between Denmark proper, the Faroe Islands and Greenland—three countries constituting the Kingdom of Denmark. The legal nature of the Kingdom of Denmark is fundamentally one of a sovereign state. The Faroe Islands and Greenland have been part of the Crown of Denmark since 1397 when the Kalmar Union was ratified, legal matters in The Danish Realm are subject to the Danish Constitution. Beginning in 1953, state law issues within The Danish Realm has been governed by The Unity of the Realm, a less formal name for The Unity of the Realm is the Commonwealth of the Realm. In 1978, The Unity of The Realm was for the first time referred to as rigsfællesskabet. The name caught on and since the 1990s, both The Unity of The Realm and The Danish Realm itself has increasingly been referred to as simply rigsfællesskabet in daily parlance. The Danish Constitution stipulates that the foreign and security interests for all parts of the Danish Realm are the responsibility of the Danish government, the Faroes received home rule in 1948 and Greenland did so in 1979.
In 2005, the Faroes received a self-government arrangement, and in 2009 Greenland received self rule, the Danish Realms unique state of internal affairs is acted out in the principle of The Unity of the Realm. This principle is derived from Article 1 of the Danish Constitution which specifies that constitutional law applies equally to all areas of the Danish Realm, the Constitutional Act specifies that sovereignty is to continue to be exclusively with the authorities of the Realm. The language of Denmark is Danish, and the Danish state authorities are based in Denmark, the Kingdom of Denmarks parliament, with its 179 members, is located in the capital, Copenhagen. Two of the members are elected in each of Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The Government ministries are located in Copenhagen, as is the highest court, in principle, the Danish Realm constitutes a unified sovereign state, with equal status between its constituent parts. Devolution differs from federalism in that the powers of the subnational authority ultimately reside in central government.
The Self-Government Arrangements devolves political competence and responsibility from the Danish political authorities to the Faroese, the Faroese and Greenlandic authorities administer the tasks taken over from the state, enact legislation in these specific fields and have the economic responsibility for solving these tasks. The Danish government provides a grant to the Faroese and the Greenlandic authorities to cover the costs of these devolved areas. The 1948 Home Rule Act of the Faroe Islands sets out the terms of Faroese home rule, the Act states. the Faroe Islands shall constitute a self-governing community within the State of Denmark. It establishes the government of the Faroe Islands and the Faroese parliament. The Faroe Islands were previously administered as a Danish county, the Home Rule Act abolished the post of Amtmand and these powers were expanded in a 2005 Act, which named the Faroese home government as an equal partner with the Danish government
Carnival is a Western Christian festive season that occurs before the liturgical season of Lent. The main events occur during February or early March, during the period historically known as Shrovetide. Carnival typically involves a public celebration and/or parade combining some elements of a circus, people wear masks and costumes during many such celebrations, allowing them to lose their everyday individuality and experience a heightened sense of social unity. Excessive consumption of alcohol and other foods proscribed during Lent is extremely common, the term Carnival is traditionally used in areas with a large Catholic presence. However, the Philippines, a predominantly Roman Catholic country, does not celebrate Carnival anymore since the dissolution of the Manila Carnival after 1939, in Slavic Eastern Orthodox nations, Maslenitsa is celebrated during the last week before Great Lent. In German-speaking Europe and the Netherlands, the Carnival season traditionally opens on 11/11 and this dates back to celebrations before the Advent season or with harvest celebrations of St.
Martins Day. Rio de Janeiro in Brazil is the biggest in the world, followed jointly by Barranquilla, alternative names are used for regional and local celebrations. The origin may be from the Italian word carne or carrus, the former suggests an origin within Christianity, while the alternative links to earlier religions. Folk etymologies state that the word comes from the Late Latin expression carne vale, the word carne may be translated as flesh, producing a farewell to the flesh, a phrase embraced by certain carnival celebrants to embolden the festivals carefree spirit. However, this interpretation is not supported by philological evidence, the Italian carne levare is one possible origin, meaning to remove meat, since meat is prohibited during Lent. Other scholars argue for the origin from the Roman name for the festival of the Navigium Isidis, the festival consisted of a parade of masks following an adorned wooden boat, possibly source of the floats. From the anthropological point of view, carnival is a ritual, in which social roles are reversed.
Winter was thought of as the reign of the winter spirits, Carnival can thus be regarded as a rite of passage from darkness to light, from winter to summer, a fertility celebration, the first spring festival of the new year. Traditionally, a carnival feast was the last opportunity for people to eat well. Until spring produce was available, people were limited to the necessary meals during this period. On what nowadays is called vastenavond, all the winter stores of lard, butter. The selected livestock had already been slaughtered in November and the meat would be no longer preservable, all the food that had survived the winter had to be eaten to assure that everyone was fed enough to survive until the coming spring would provide new food sources. Several Germanic tribes celebrated the returning of the daylight, the winter would be driven out, to make sure that fertility could return in spring
Spot (music festival)
SPOT is an annual music festival in the city of Aarhus, showcasing up-and-coming Danish and Scandinavian talent. Around 8,000 people attend the 100-200 concerts, including 1,500 from the music business, speakers participate in panel discussions and give lectures on various music industry topics. For example, they answer questions on How to make it in the US and participate in debates on topics including file sharing. Trying to please both camps, a curious, local music audience and a music business crowd, is occasionally a source of friction. Started in 1994 at an initiative, SPOT festival has been organized by ROSA from 1995 onwards. In 2002, David Fricke of Rolling Stone spotted the Raveonettes at the festival, in recent years the festival has seen an increase in the number of bands and venues as well as public attention - a transformation that has not escaped criticism. In 2005 the festival included 107 acts featured on 10 stages across town, critical voices have focused more on the choice of venues and artists, claiming that venues have been spread too far out and the choice of musicians has gotten safer and less varied.
Political interest in the festival has grown with the successes of acts such as Mew, The Raveonettes. In 2005 the minister for culture, Brian Mikkelsen, proclaimed it the most important musical event in Denmark due to its potential as a vehicle for networking and musical export. The inclusion of by now well-established names such as Saybia and Outlandish was greeted with muted enthusiasm in the music press, a Switch Box Tale, part of 2008 event. Official homepage SPOTs MySpace profile ROSA Official homepage
In England it took on some characteristics of Beltane, which originated from the pagan celebration of Summers Day, the beginning of the summer half-year, in Europe. Whit Monday, the day after Whitsun, remained a holiday in the UK until 1978 when the holiday was replaced with the fixed Spring Bank Holiday in late May. Whit was the occasion for varied forms of celebration, in the North West of England and chapel parades called Whit Walks still take place at this time. Typically, the parades include brass bands and choirs, girls attending are dressed in white, other customs such as Morris dancing were associated with Whitsun, although in most cases they have been transferred to the Spring bank holiday. Whaddon, Cambridgeshire has its own Whitsun tradition of singing a song around the village before. According to one interpretation, the name derives from the garments worn by catechumens. Moreover, in England white vestments, rather than the usual red, were traditional for the day. A different tradition is that of the women of the parish all coming to church or chapel in new white dresses on that day.
Thus, he thought the root of the word was wit, the following day is Whit Monday, a name coined to supersede the form Monday in Whitsun-week used by John Wycliffe and others. The week following Whit Sunday is known as Whitsuntide or Whit week, as the first holiday of the summer, Whitsun was one of the favourite times in the traditional calendar and Whit Sunday, or the following week, was a time for celebration. This took the form of fêtes, fairs and parades with Whitsun ales and Morris dancing in the south of England and Whit walks and wakes in the north. To be cudgelld for. On Whit Tuesday, in the morning, and in the afternoon six pairs of buckskin gloves to be wrestled for. In Manchester during the 17th century the Kersal Moor Whit races were the event of the year when large numbers of people turned the area into a giant fairground for several days. With the coming of industrialisation it became convenient to close down whole towns for a week in order to clean and maintain the machinery in the mills, the week of closure, or wakes week, was often held at Whitsuntide.
Whit Monday was officially recognised as a holiday in the UK in 1871. The Whitsun Weddings is a poem and the title of a collection by Philip Larkin, Whitsunday in Kirchstetten is a poem by W. H. Auden from his collection About the House. Mentioned in Thomas Pynchons Gravitys Rainbow, section 2,20, le Morte DArthur by Thomas Malory has the Knights of the Round Table witness a divine vision of the Holy Grail on a Whitsunday, prompting their quest to find its true location. In Shakespeares Winters Tale, Act 4, Scene 4, Perdita imagines that she plays as I have seen them do in Whitsun pastorals, several chapters of Jeff Wheelers Muirwood Trilogy revolve around Whitsunday and its significance and impact on Muirwoods inhabitants
Copenhagen Jazz Festival
Copenhagen Jazz Festival is an annual Jazz event, taking place in Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark, each July. According to reports, the attendance was 240,000 people during Copenhagen Jazz Festival in 2004. The 2011 edition of Copenhagen Jazz Festival took place from July 1 to July 10, artists included Keith Jarrett, Sonny Rollins and Bobby McFerrin. The 2012 edition of Copenhagen Jazz Festival is scheduled July 6–15,2012, an inspired music scene attracted even more American musicians and educated and inspired the whole Danish scene as well. That makes Copenhagen Jazz Festival one of Copenhagens most important public festivals, attracting a broad international audience
The Roskilde Festival is a Danish music festival held annually south of Roskilde. It is one of the largest music festivals in Europe and the largest in Northern Europe and it was created in 1971 by two high school students, Mogens Sandfær and Jesper Switzer Møller, and promoter Carl Fischer. In 1972, the festival was taken over by the Roskilde Foundation, in 2014, the Roskilde Foundation provided festival participants with the opportunity to nominate and vote upon which organizations should receive funds raised by the festival. The Roskilde Festival was Denmarks first music-oriented festival created for hippies, and today more of the mainstream youth from Scandinavia. Until the mid-1990s, the festival attracted mostly Scandinavians, but in recent years it has more and more international. The first Roskilde Festival was held on August 28 and 29,1971 and it was inspired by festivals and youth gatherings like Newport, Isle of Wight and Woodstock. It was characterized mainly by poor management but great enthusiasm, in 1978, festival organizers acquired the Canopy Scene, an orange musical stage previously used by The Rolling Stones on a European tour.
Since its beginning, the Canopy Scene and its arches have become a well-known symbol. In the 1990s, electronic music was introduced to the festival, in 1991, Club Roskilde was held, which was an electronic music dance club held in the evenings. In 1995, electronic music artists received their own stage, in the following years, even more room for electronic music was created by the establishment of the chill-out zone and the Roskilde Lounge. Since then, artists like Fatboy Slim, The Prodigy, Basement Jaxx, by the 1990s, the number of tickets offered for sale was restricted and even reduced. Due to steadily increasing popularity of the festival, the number of visitors had increased to up to 125,000, in addition,90,000 tickets for about 25,000 volunteers,5,000 media people and 3,000 artists were added. In order to preserve the quality of the festival, the organizers decided to limit the number of participants. The distance from the rearmost part of the area to the stages of the festival management seemed to have become unreasonable.
The festival had become so popular that the management decided in 1994 to expand the festival area to the west. The festival site was now on divided by the line into two parts. In 1996 was the festival had its own station, which should facilitate the arrival of visitors, in 1997, another tent called Roskilde Ballroom was built. The 2007 edition saw two new tents, replacing Ballroom which presented mainly World music, and Metropol which presented mainly Electronica, in 2010 two stages and Lounge, did not return, due to a slight shift in focus towards fewer, but bigger bands
Kongens Nytorv is a public square in Copenhagen, centrally located at the end of the pedestrian street Strøget. The largest square of the city, it was out by Christian V in 1670 in connection with a major extension of the fortified city. Outside the gate, an undulating terrain extended towards the sea, as part of Christian IVs ambitious plans to strengthen Copenhagen as a regional centre, he wanted to double the area of the fortified city, he acquired 200 hectares of land outside Østerport in 1606. To protect the new city district, called New Copenhagen or Saint Annes Town, he started construction of a redoubt, Saint Annes Post, in 1627 a customs house was added at the site. According to a masterplan created by the fortification engineer Axel Urups. Shortly after Christian V was crowned in 1670, he decided to level and this decision was taken mainly for military reasons, its strategic location with almost the same distance to all points along the ramparts of the city making it well suited as a central alarm square.
In the same time, the square was to serve as a place royale with inspiration from France, land around the new square was distributed among interested wealthy citizens, including people from the new ranks. Buildings facing the square were required to be in at least two stories and meet certain standards, in 1688, a baroque garden complex with trees around a parterre and a gilded equestrian statue of Christian V in its centre, was inaugurated. In 1747 the entire square was rebuilt by Frederik V as a drill and ceremony ground for the Kings troops until 1908. The equestrian statue of Christian V was created by the French sculptor Abraham-César Lamoureux, dating from 1688, it is the oldest equestrian statue in Scandinavia. Originally made in gilded lead, it was recast in bronze 1939, at the foot of the plinth, Lamoureux placed four allegorical statues. This happened from 1939 to 1942 and the new cast was inaugurated on 22 May 1946, Krinsen is an old form of the Danish word Krans, meaning circle or wreath.
It is an elliptical parterre surrounding the statue of Christian V, the ellipse was a favoured geometrical shape at the time, an obvious example bing the elliptical pattern in the paving around the Marcus Aurelius statue at Piazza del Campidoglio. Around the parterre, two rows of trees were planted, some of the trees were dug up and reused for the establishment of the avenue Østre Allé. New rows of elm trees were planted around the statue in 1855-56, in 2001,80 lime trees were planted as part of a major refurbishment of the square. On the square stands an old kiosk and telephone stand from 1913 and it is built in Baroque Revival style with a copper-clad roof and hand-carved ornamentation. It used to offer the first public telephonic connection in Copenhagen from where it was possible to every day except Sunday from 10 am to 8 pm. Today it houses a small café with outdoor service,1, Charlottenborg Palace Herdorffs House, at No
Smukfest is an annual music festival, held during the first weekend of August in Denmark. Its location, in a beech forest in the vicinity of Skanderborg, has given rise to the slogan Denmarks Most Beautiful Festival, the festival covers many styles of music, such as rock, folk, heavy metal, hip-hop and electronic. The first festival was held in 1980, and was an event with 7 bands. The festival has a mascot called Waltidur Festismuk Kærligkys Ølimund Rockilund Trold, born in 1579, in 2009, Skanderborg Festival was held for the 30th time and is today the second largest festival in Denmark, after the Roskilde Festival. The festival gathered more than 50,000 people for the concerts, including 8,500 workers, the festival is getting increasingly popular and all 40. 000+ tickets for the 2017 festival was sold in less than 5 hours. The festival has 4 stages, Bøgescenerne / The Main Stages P3-teltet Stjerne-scenen Sherwood-scenen The festival main stage consist of two stages and is called Bøgescenerne, media related to Skanderborg Festival at Wikimedia Commons Smukfest Official Website of Smukfest