Italy the Italian Republic, is a country in Southern Europe. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Austria and the enclaved microstates San Marino and Vatican City. Italy covers an area of 301,340 km2 and has a temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. With around 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous EU member state and the most populous country in Southern Europe. Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has been home to a myriad of peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout modern-day Italy, the most famous of which being the Indo-European Italics who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the classical era and Carthaginians founded colonies in insular Italy and Genoa, Greeks established settlements in the so-called Magna Graecia, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively; the Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which became a republic with a government of the Senate and the People.
The Roman Republic conquered and assimilated its neighbours on the peninsula, in some cases through the establishment of federations, the Republic expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural and religious centre of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's technology, economy and literature flourished. Italy remained the metropole of the Roman Empire; the legacy of the Roman Empire endured its fall and can be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments and the Latin script. During the Early Middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous rival city-states and maritime republics in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great prosperity through shipping and banking, laying the groundwork for modern capitalism.
These independent statelets served as Europe's main trading hubs with Asia and the Near East enjoying a greater degree of democracy than the larger feudal monarchies that were consolidating throughout Europe. The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science and art. Italian culture flourished, producing famous scholars and polymaths such as Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael and Machiavelli. During the Middle Ages, Italian explorers such as Marco Polo, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci, John Cabot and Giovanni da Verrazzano discovered new routes to the Far East and the New World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Italy's commercial and political power waned with the opening of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting between the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, it was subsequently conquered and further divided by European powers such as France and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign control led to a period of revolutionary political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and political division, Italy was entirely unified in 1871, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a great power. From the late 19th century to the early 20th century, Italy industrialised, namely in the north, acquired a colonial empire, while the south remained impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite being one of the main victors in World War I, Italy entered a period of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist dictatorship in 1922. Participation in World War II on the Axis side ended in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. Following the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, reinstated democracy, enjoyed a prolonged economic boom and, despite periods of sociopolitical turmoil became a developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world's most culturally and economically advanced countries, with the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth. Its advanced economy ranks eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy owns the third-largest central bank gold reserve, it has a high level of human development, it stands among the top countries for life expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military and diplomatic affairs. Italy is a founding and leading member of the European Union and a member of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen Area and many more; as a reflection
Football in Italy
Football is the most popular sport in Italy. The Italian national football team is considered to be one of the best national teams in the world, they have won the FIFA World Cup four times, trailing only Brazil, runners-up in two finals and reaching a third place and a fourth place. They have won one European Championship appearing in two finals, finished third at the Confederations Cup, won one Olympic football tournament and two Central European International Cups. Italy's top domestic league, the Serie A, is one of the most popular professional sports leagues in the world and it is depicted as the most tactical national football league. Italy's club sides have won 48 major European trophies, making them the second most successful nation in European football. Serie A hosts three of the world's most famous clubs as Juventus and Inter, all founding members of the G-14, a group which represented the largest and most prestigious European football clubs. Juventus and Inter, along with Roma, Fiorentina and Parma but now Napoli are known as the Seven Sisters of Italian football.
Italian managers are the most successful in European Football in competitions such as the Champions League. More players have won the coveted Ballon d'Or award while playing at a Serie A club than any other league in the world. Other forms of football were played in Italy in ancient times, the earliest of, Harpastum, played during the times of the Roman Empire; this game may have been influential to other forms throughout Europe due to the expansion of the Empire, including Medieval football. From the 16th century onwards, Calcio Fiorentino, another code of football distinct from the modern game, was played in the Piazza Santa Croce in Florence; some famous Florentines were amongst players of the game the Medici family including Piero and Alessandro de' Medici. As well as Popes such as Clement VII, Leo XI and Urban VIII who played the game in the Vatican; the name calcio was adopted for football in Italy. The modern variation of the game was brought to Italy during the 1880s; the title of the first Italian football club is a controversial one, the most cited in popular history is Genoa Cricket and Football Club who were formed as a cricket club to represent England abroad, founded by Englishmen in 1893.
Three years in 1896 a man named James Richardson Spensley arrived in Genoa introducing the football section of the club and becoming its first manager. However, evidence exists to suggest. Edoardo Bosio, a merchant worker in the British textile industry had visited England and experienced the game, he was motivated to help spread football in his homeland. He founded Cricket Club that year while Nobili Torino soon followed; the second club bore the name of noble because it contained the Duke of the Abruzzi and Alfonso Ferrero di Ventimiglia. The two merged in 1891 to form Internazionale Football Club Torino, By 1898 the rival federation FIGC had been formed, with its center in Turin and the first two presidents as Mario Vicary and Luigi D'Ovidio. FIGC created the Italian Football Championship with the four founder clubs being; the first competition of, held at Velodromo Umberto I in Turin on 8 May 1898 and was won by Genoa. While it was common for clubs to compete in both FIGC and FNGI competitions early on, the titles won in the FIGC championship are the only ones recognised by the modern day league.
In the following years, the tournament was structured into regional groups with the winners of each group participating in a playoff with the eventual winners being declared champions. Until to 1904 the tournament was dominated by Genoa. Between 1905 and 1908 a Final Group among regional champions was contested to award the title and the Spensley Cup. Juventus won his first title and Spensley Cup in 1905, but the two following championships were won by Milan. In November 1907, the FIF organised two championships in the same season: Italian Championship, the main tournament where only Italian players were allowed to play; the majority of big clubs withdrew from both the championships in order to protest against the autarchical policy of the FIF. The Federal Championship was won by Juventus against Doria, while The Italian Championship 1908 and Coppa Buni were won by Pro Vercelli, beating Juventus, Doria and US Milanese. However, the Federal Championship won by Juventus was forgotten by FIGC, due to the boycott made by the dissident clubs.
In 1909 season, the two different championships were organised again, with Coppa Obe
S.S.D. Puteolana 1902 Internapoli
Internapoli Football Club is an Italian association football club based in the Vomero area of Naples, Campania. Founded in 1909 as S. C. Vomero, the club has been re-launched several times, first in 1935, under the auspices of Cral Cirio, in 1964, under Internapoli dominion; the club have always played in the lower levels of Italian football. Their highest performance in the league was two 3rd-place finishes in Serie C during the late 1960s. Internapoli have had more notable success in the cup, winning the Coppa Italia Dilettanti, the amateur variation of the Coppa Italia in 1980. In the 2009–10 and 2010–11 seasons, Internapoli played in Eccellenza Campania. In the 2011–12 season, it played in the Serie D as Internapoli Città di Marano; the club's roots can be traced to CRAL Cirio who were founded in 1935. They played in the San Giovanni a Teduccio neighborhood of Naples, they were named after the Turin industrialist Francesco Cirio who founded the first tomato canning company, After playing for a time in regional leagues in Campania, in 1951–52 they were entered into a league equivalent to Serie D, where they finished in the top half of the table.
During the 1953–54 season, Cirio narrowly missed being promoted to Serie C after coming in second to Foggia in their category by just two points. They bounced back, ending the next season first in their group, but they lost the playoff game 1–0 to a club from Molfetta. In the next two seasons, they ended in second place in their group, losing to Reggina and Marsala respectively. In the 1957–58 season, the club was promoted to Serie C, having ended the season ahead of clubs such as Lecce and Avellino. In Serie C, they achieved a respectable 9th-place finish in their group. However, the following season, after ending with the same number of points as Crotone, they lost a play-out match 1–0 and were relegated to Serie D again. By the end of their time as "Cirio," they had lost form in Serie D and had been unable to achieve better results. On 30 June 1964, Dr. Giovanni Proto and Carlo Del Gaudio took over the club along with a group of Naples locals who worked as builders and manufacturers. Many of the players from the old club remained, including men such as Anglo-Italian player Giuseppe Wilson who would go on to fame with Lazio and Italy.
The club was reborn under the name Internapoli to ensure that the city of Naples would have a stable football club of some sort. Neighbouring clubs like A. C. Napoli were experiencing financial difficulties, but within a week of Internapoli's founding, Associazione Calcio Napoli had changed their name to Società Sportiva Calcio Napoli and continued on. Along with a new name came new colours, the green kit of Cirio was replaced by sky blue and white stripes, known in Italy as biancocelesti. Internapoli had taken control of the "Stadio Arturo Collana" in the Vomero neighbourhood, used by SSC Napoli who had left for the larger "Stadio San Paolo". Internapoli achieved their first promotion under the new dominion in the 1966–67 season, it was a competed league with Internapoli beating out second place Savoia by just one point; as they were promoted into Serie C to start a four-season spell in the league, Internapoli began to gather popularity gaining a fan club of 6000 strong, it was called "Amici dell'Internapoli".
Brazilian Luís Vinício was manager during one season in this Serie C period, the squad of the time included a bright young striker in Giorgio Chinaglia who would go on to fame with Lazio. Two out of the four seasons during this time in Serie C were notable, in both the 1968–69 and 1969–70 seasons Internapoli finished in third place. However, following their consecutive third-place finishes some of the club's most influential players were bought by more famous clubs and Internapoli were relegated in bottom place. Down in Serie D the following season, the club were stunned when they were relegated for the second season in a row, it was a cruel relegation for the club when considering that the team who finished 9th were only three points above 16th place Internapoli. The club had fallen back down to the regional footballing competitions for the rest of the 1970s, in leagues such as Promozione Campania. By the start of the 1980s, Internapoli were starting to come back into form; the club pulled themselves back up into Serie D for the 1981–82 season.
Because of problems with their home "Stadio Collana", Internapoli were moved to Pozzuoli and became part of the club Puteolana 1909, essential leaving Internapoli liquidized. However, many wanted to bring back the old club for their area and so a new club named Gabbiano Napoli was set up playing in 1 °Categoria. Gabbiano swiftly climbed up the Italian league tables and during the 1991–92 season, they were crowned champions of the Eccellenza Campania; this meant they were promoted into Serie D, where they finished in the top half of their group during the early 1990s. At the end of the 1995–96 season, when Gabbiano finished as runners-up to Casertana, they restored the name of the club to Internapoli; this was the first time Internapoli had returned in full form since the split in 1982. The restoration was initiated by vice-president Dr. Alinei. In their first season back under the Internapoli name
Varese Calcio referred to as Varese, is an Italian football club based in Varese, Lombardy. It plays in Serie D, it was founded as Varese Football Club on 22 March 1910. It became Associazione Sportiva Varesina in 1923, Varese Sportiva in 1926, reverted to Varese F. C. from 1946 to 2004, Associazione Sportiva Varese 1910 from 2004 to 2015. The club was formed on March 22, 1910, as Varese Football Club, with the goal of promoting football and other open air games. All members, both players and management, paid dues of 1 Lira every month; the club's colours were white and purple and the local market place doubled as the club's first ground. A rope fenced off the pitch from the public, dressing rooms were improvised in an alley restaurant; the club played numerous friendly matches before joining any sort of league or organised competition. Early opponents included the "Aurora" of Busto Arsizio, the "Libertas" of Gallarate, the Luino, the Unione Sportiva Milanese, the Ausonia, Inter; the club took the first steps on the Italian league ladder by entering the Lega Regionale Lombarda in 1914, the first official championship saw the Varesini playing in their original colours of purple and white silk.
The club's American goalkeeper, distinguished himself in this first official season as one of Varese's star players. In May 1915 the war interrupted the season, but by 1919, World War I had ended and life returned to its regular rhythm with a resurgence of interest in football and other recreational activities. In 1926 -- 27, the club's colours became red, to match the colours of the city. In the quarter of Masnago, a stadium named, it was renamed in September 1950 to Stadio Franco Ossola, in honour of a player who had transferred from Varese to Torino Calcio and died in the 1949 Superga air disaster. Varese, a town not far from Milan, is regarded by various athletes who dress "bianco-rosso" thanks to Military Territorial Compartments. In 1964, with the entrepreneur Giovanni Borghi as president, the Varese achieved a place in Serie A after two consecutive promotions from the Serie C. Among the notable players who have worn the white and red shirt are Pietro Anastasi, Roberto Bettega, the World Cup winners Claudio Gentile, Giampiero Marini and Riccardo Sogliano.
After a decade in the top-flight, the golden era of Varese ended with relegation in 1975. From 1975 to 1985 the club played in Second Division Serie B but one year in Third one, during season 1979-80. Relegated the previous season the club regained its place in Serie B. Since further relegation in 1985, the club had not succeeded in returning to Serie B: 10 of the next 20 seasons were spent in C2, where the club were readmitted after promotion from Campionato Nazionale Dilettanti in 1994; the club returned to the C1 Series within four years thanks to the work of general manager Stefano Capozucca, brought to Varese by the entrepreneur Claudio Milanese, co-owner of the club with the President, Paolo Binda, other lesser associates. In 2001, after financial conflicts between entrepreneur Gianvittorio Gandolfi and sponsors SiViaggi and CIT, the Turri family arrived at the club, bringing a series of innovations. In the summer of 2004, under the Turri-Tacconi co-presidency and financial ruin made the club sink to its lowest ebb.
In July 2004, the bankrupt Varese Football Club was reformed under a new board, called A. S. Varese 1910; the club was forced to start afresh in the Eccellenza league. The Sogliano family took control of the team, with Riccardo Sogliano assuming overall control; the former player of Varese and A. C. Milan, has experience controlling clubs in Serie A: Parma F. C. and the Genoa C. F. C.. In its first season the new board suffered from delay and inexperience, promotion to Serie D was missed narrowly due to points dropped early on in the season to the club's eventual title-rivals. Club President Peo Maroso and general manager Luca Sogliano, son of Riccardo and a former player, decided to install a new first-team coach from within. Devis Mangia, at just 32 years of age, was the youngest head coach of the division and the entire league; the club has had problems with its supporters who treated black players badly. It happened in spring of 2002 with French players, Mohamed Benhassen, Samir Benhassen and the Cameroonian goalkeeper, Andrè Joel Eboué.
They were at the stadium every weekend and fight with rival supporters. In season 2005/2006, Varese won the Serie D/A league, thus gaining promotion to Serie C2, three matches before the end of the season. In season 2008/2009, they won Lega Pro Seconda Divisione, were promoted to Lega Pro Prima Divisione, the third level of Italian football system. Varese finished second in Girone A of League Pro Prima Divisione and qualified for promotion play-offs at next season. Varese defeated Benevento in semi-final and Cremonese in final and returned to Serie B after 25 years of absence with making second consecutive promotion. At the end of season 2011/12, A. S. Varese achieved fifth place in Serie B, qualifying for the play-offs for promotion into Serie A. Drawn against Hellas Verona they won 3–1 on aggregate to qualify for the two-legged final against Sampdoria. Although a narrow 3–2 defeat in the initial leg in Genoa held the promise to be a useful result for Varese, their rivals scored the only goal in the home leg, giving Sampdoria a 4–2 aggregate victory and denying Varese the promotion.
After their relegation from Serie B in the 2014–15 season, Varese 1910 failed to meet the deadline to register for Lega Pro and the club declared bankruptcy. The cl
S.S.D. Unione Sanremo
Società Sportiva Dilettantistica Unione Sanremo referred to as Unione Sanremo or Sanremese is an Italian association football club, based in Sanremo, Liguria. The historical U. S. Sanremese Calcio 1904 after the 16th place in the 2010–11 season in Lega Pro Seconda Divisione group A was liquidated. On the summer 2012 the club was refounded with the current name restarting from Terza Categoria Savona/Imperia, it plays in Serie D. The club was founded in 1904 as U. S. Sanremese 1904, but the football team was founded only in 1911; the US Sanremese Calcio 1904 was born by the merger of the first two local teams: the Ausonia and the Speranza. The team played three seasons in Serie B from 1937–38 to 1939–40 when they were relegated in Serie C. In the 1937–38 season gets the 9th place in Serie B, the best result in club history. It's the only Italian team to have played in every championship of Serie C in a sole national division from 1952–53 to 1957–58; the team from 1977–78 to 1978–79 came from Serie D to Serie C1.
The club played seven consecutive seasons in Serie C1 from 1979–80, when it achieved an historic 4th place, to 1985–86 when they retreated in Serie C2 and the next year in Serie D. In the season 1980–81 it played the Anglo-Italian Cup, called in this year Talbot Challenge Cup; the team won 3–1 with Hungerford Town and 2–1 with Bridgend Town, draw 2–2 with Oxford City and lost 1–0 with Poole Town. It ranked third in the group with 7 points, dominated by Modena won the competition. In the summer of 1987 the company fell after 83 years of existence because of the large debts; the club was refounded in 1987 allocating by the Terza Categoria as Sanremese Football Club 1904 On 1992 with the merger with Sanremo 80, it filming the historic name of U. S. Sanremese Calcio 1904. In the league 1991–92 and 1995–96 the club won the regional Eccellenza Liguria gaining promotion to Serie D and the 1995–96 Regional Coppa Italia Liguria:. In the season 1997 -- 98 lost in the final scudetto with the Giugliano; the team played two seasons in Serie C2 from 1998–99 to 1999–2000 when it retreated to Serie D.
The club played four seasons in Serie D from 2000–01 to 2001–04 when was admitted to Serie C2. The team played three seasons in Serie C2 from 2004–05 to 2006–07 when it retreated to Serie D. On the season 2005–06 lost the final Coppa Italia Serie C with the Gallipoli lose away 1–0 and at home wins 2–1. From November 2007, most of the players leave the team, become in the meantime USD Sanremese 1904, in strong crisis of liquidity, for non-payment of wages, thus leading to relegation from the Serie D. On 10 July 2008 the club was declared inactive to the FIGC after being refused entry to the League of Eccellenza, because of the large debts. In summer 2008, the last president Carlo Barillà refounded the team with the same name of U. S. D. Sanremese 1904, that played in the season 2008–09 in Seconda Categoria. On 4 August 2009 the Ospedaletti-Sanremo, just promoted from the Promozione Ligure girone A, after the agreement with Carlo Barillà for the cessation of the homonymous team that he was founded, changes name in U.
S. D. Sanremese Calcio 1904: so the company's family Del Gratta has been the only legitimate heir of the old society. In the league 2009–10, coached by Giancarlo "Carlo" Calabria Sanremese wins the regional Eccellenza Liguria gaining promotion in Serie D. and the Regional Coppa Italia Liguria:. It eliminated in the Coppa Italia Dilettanti 2009-2010 from Bolzano, in the quarter-finals losing for 1–2 at home and equalizing 0–0 away. On 4 August 2010 became U. S. Sanremese Calcio 1904 the team obtained the admission into Lega Pro Seconda Divisione group A for the 2010-11 season; the club survived relegation on the pitch after a 3-2 aggregate win over Sacilese Calcio in the playoff round. After the arrest, of 15 March 2011, of Marco and his father Riccardo Del Gratta President and Director General, the company was temporarily administered by Giancarlo Lupi, a brother-in-law of the President Marco Del Gratta, they are accused of being the beneficiaries of the alleged threats and extortions to players of Sanremese, so that the latter rescind the onerous contracts signed in the summer.
Since 16 March 2011, after the resignations of the owners Marco and Riccardo Del Gratta, the new CEO was Giuseppe Fava, responsible for the youth sector. On 30 June 2011, the club wasn't able to enter 2011–12 Lega Pro Seconda Divisione for failure to submit the required surety agreement and was so subsequently liquidated. After a year of inactivity, in the summer 2012 the club was refounded as A. S. D. Sanremese by the entrepreneur Luca Colangelo and president, restarting from Terza Categoria Savona/Imperia. In the summer 2013 the club placed, its home stadium has been the Campo Sportivo Pian di Poma in Sanremo. The club on 6 October 2013, after a disastrous start on the group AB of Seconda Categoria Liguria sacked Mattia Moraglia, the coach of last season, replaced until the resignations of 21 October by Marco Pinto and after by Fabrizio Gatti; the club was promoted to Prima Categoria after the play off round. Since the summer 2014 the new President is Alessio Graglia and the coach is Andrea Caverzan.
The team plays in group A of Prima Categoria Liguria. Its home stadium is the Stadio Comunale in Sanremo; the U. S. Sanremese Calcio 1904 has played 60 national leagues: 3 times in Serie B: the first on 1937–38, the last on 1939–40 38 times in Lega Pro: the first on 1934–35, the last on 2010–11 19 times in Serie D: the first on 1963–64, the last on 2007–08; the team's colors are light blue and white, the second shirt is red. The A. S. D. Sanremese such as the historic U. S. Sanremese Calcio 1904 played at the Stadio Comunale of Sanremo, site in Corso Mazzini 15
S.S.D. Città di Campobasso
Società Sportiva Dilettantistica Città di Campobasso is an Italian association football club located in Campobasso, playing in Serie D. The current club was refounded in 2013 to represent the city of Campobasso after the cancellation of Polisportiva Nuovo Campobasso Calcio; the nickname of the club is lupi after the official and historical club logo, they play their home matches at Stadio Nuovo Romagnoli. The first football club in Campobasso was founded in 1919 under the denomination of Società Sportiva Campobasso, achieved their first promotion to Serie C in 1975. After three seasons in Serie C, Campobasso were admitted to Serie C1 following the league split into two different tiers. Campobasso played at the Serie B level for five consecutive seasons, the best result being in 1983–84. In 1986–87, Campobasso were relegated after losing a three-way relegation playoff to Lazio and Taranto. In 1987–88 Campobasso obtained a fourth place in the Serie C1 table, hosted a Coppa Italia match against Arrigo Sacchi's AC Milan.
The club however experienced two consecutive relegations in 1988–89 and 1989–90, a successive cancellation because of financial troubles in the summer of 1990. Refounded as Football Club Campobasso, they were admitted to play Prima Categoria, returned to Serie D in 1993, but were again cancelled in 1996. Another refoundation, as Associazione Calcio Campobasso, happened soon with the new club joining Eccellenza and returning to Serie C2 in 2000. In their first Serie C2 campaign, Campobasso narrowly missed immediate promotion to Serie C1 after being defeating to promotion playoffs despite a second place in the regular season. In 2003, Polisportiva Nuovo Campobasso Calcio were founded, reaching promotion to Serie D two years later. In 2009, they were promoted to Lega Pro Seconda Divisione to fill a vacancy. In 2013, they finished 11th in Group B, but they were excluded by Lega Pro from playing the 2013–14 season due to economic failures. Per FIGC rules and its president's imperative, they suffered cancellation once again.
But in August 2013 a group of fans named Noi siamo il Campobasso, operated by entrepreneurs acquired and refounded the club as US Campobasso 1919 to allow the new club to compete in Eccellenza. On 26 June 2014 the club was renamed SSD Città di Campobasso; the official home colours are red. Official homepage Unofficial homepage
The Stadio Flaminio is a stadium in Rome. It lies along the Via Flaminia, three kilometres northwest of the city centre, 300 metres away from the Parco di Villa Glori; the interior spaces include a covered swimming pool, rooms for fencing, amateur wrestling, weightlifting and gymnastics. Pier Luigi Nervi designed the Flaminio Stadium with his son, the architect Antonio Nervi, between 1957 and 1958; the structure was built for the XVII Olympic Games in Rome and inaugurated in 1959. The Stadio Flaminio was built on the site of the previous Stadio Nazionale PNF, it was devoted to football matches and served as the venue for the football final in the 1960 Summer Olympics. This stadium is a remarkable example of different ways to use concrete: in situ castings, prefabricated elements, undulating slabs of ferrocement; the Flaminio Stadium is a unique work that offers a original union between form and structure and between architecture and engineering. It testifies to a special and internationally recognised period for Italian architectural culture, characterised by a fertile relationship between different disciplines.
The project frames a unique moment in the work of Pier Luigi Nervi, unanimously recognised as the most ingenious Italian engineer and a pioneer of the study and use of reinforced concrete. Abandoned for years, the stadium is now in an advanced state of decay; this degeneration can be traced back to three principal causes: improper interventions that failed to respect the characteristics of the original structure, widespread deterioration caused by years of neglect and the physiological aging of materials and plant systems. In July 2017, with the cooperation of the Municipality of Rome, Sapienza University, Pier Luigi Nervi Project Association and DO. CO. MO. MO. Italy received a grant from the Getty Foundation and its Keeping if Modern program to prepare a conservation plan for the Stadio Flaminio. Pink Floyd performed two concerts on 11 and 12 July 1988 during their A Momentary Lapse of Reason Tour. Michael Jackson performed two sell-out concerts on 24 May 1988 during his Bad World Tour; each concert was attended by a crowd of 35,000 fans.
Police and security guards rescued hundreds of fans from being crushed in the crowd. Jackson performed another sell-out concert on 4 July 1992 during the Dangerous World Tour, in front of 35,000 fans, it was the home of Italy rugby union national team for Six Nations tournament home matches from Italy's entry in the competition in 2000 until 2011. The Italian Rugby Federation announced, in January 2010, that the stadium would undergo an expansion, that will increase its capacity to 42,000, before the 2012 Six Nations Championship. A failure to progress these plans has been cited as the reason for moving Italy's home Six Nations games from 2012. With a capacity of 32,000, it was the smallest of the Six Nations stadiums, it is no longer considered big enough for the Italian national team and there were frequent reports that the national team would move to Genoa or to the Stadio Olimpico di Roma. This change was confirmed with the Italian Rugby Federation becoming upset at broken promises of renovations.
It was reported that the FIR would move Six Nations matches to Stadio Artemio Franchi in Florence. However, when the city began the promised renovations, FIR announced that it would instead keep its Six Nations home fixtures in Rome at Stadio Olimpico, that it would return to the Flaminio once the project is completed; the stadium was slated to become the home of Praetorians Roma, a newly formed team that would be one of Italy's two representatives in the Celtic League. However, it was decided that Benetton Treviso would replace Praetorians. In 1989–90 season both Roma and Lazio played at Stadio Flaminio during the renovations of Stadio Olimpico. Stadio Flaminio was the home of Atletico Roma F. C. an association football club who played in Lega Pro Prima Divisione, but were dissolved in 2011