Cora is a census-designated place in Sublette County, United States. The population was 142 at the 2010 census; as of the census of 2000, there were 76 people, 38 households, 25 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 14.1 people per square mile. There were 60 housing units at an average density of 11.1/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 98.68% White, 1.32% from two or more races. There were 38 households out of which 15.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.8% were married couples living together, 2.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.6% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.00 and the average family size was 2.46. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 11.8% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 30.3% from 45 to 64, 25.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years.
For every 100 females, there were 117.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 131.0 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $40,000, the median income for a family was $50,625. Males had a median income of $31,563 versus $33,000 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $20,831. There were 8.8% of families and 7.9% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 25.0% of those over 64. Public education in the community of Cora is provided by Sublette County School District #1. Cora is located at 42°57′N 109°59′W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 5.0 square miles, all of it land. The town was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on April 24, 2017. Due to its high elevation, Cora experiences a subarctic climate with long, dry winters and short, cool summers. List of census-designated places in Wyoming National Register of Historic Places listings in Sublette County, Wyoming Media related to Cora, Wyoming at Wikimedia Commons
Cora is a retail group of hypermarkets located in France and elsewhere in Europe. Cora was founded in 1974 by the supermarket holding Louis Delhaize Group after taking over three Carrefour hypermarkets located in Belgium; these three were established around 1969 as a joint venture franchise between two other companies: the Carrefour Group and the Delhaize Group. The Louis Delhaize Group owns several supermarket and hypermarket chains internationally, including Cora, Louis Delhaize, Profi, Ecomax, Animalis and Houra; the name'Cora' is borrowed from the Greek goddess Persephone, known as Cora. As of December 2018, Cora has eleven hypermarkets in Romania, four of which are in Bucharest, five more in Baia Mare, Constanța, Cluj-Napoca, Ploiești, Bacau and Drobeta-Turnu Severin. Cora France Cora Belgium Cora Romania Cora Luxembourg
Cora E. is a former nurse turned hip-hop artist who emerged in the early underground German hip hop culture. At the time that she came to prominence, she was not only one of the originators, but she was one of the few females in the industry, she was one of the few old-school acts to be taken on by a major record label after she released two singles with Buback record company. She wrote her own lyrics, worked independently. Many pegged her as a rapper but she called herself a "hip hopper." Despite this and another traditionalist group Advanced Chemistry insisted that rap and hip-hop are inseparable. The social criticisms based on personal experience in her music link her to other hip-hop artists in Germany, such as Advanced Chemistry, her old school sound interested EMI. She had success with the record company and her first single Schlüsselkind was a hit, her first single with EMI, "Schlüsselkind", was released in December 1996 and was able to achieve wide airplay. The song featured a unpolished production style and traditional delivery, with lyrics that attempted at social criticism via her personal experience by linking a description of her own childhood to the problems of children of working parents.
Cora E. was the only female rap star. The song was a tribute to the transformative power of hip-hop and directly refers to its country of origin, the United States: I drowned but was lucky the wave from the United States threw me back onto land/ Started to live, became active, dreamed for the first time without being asleep/ There was something waiting for me and I went for it/ Something that I could get and I stayed on it and that's how it began that I was able to achieve something/ I wanted to rap like Shante
Dictyonema is a large and diverse genus of tropical basidiolichens in the family Hygrophoraceae. Most lichens are a symbiosis between a photosynthetic green alga. However, a small percentage of lichens are cyanolichens and contain a photosynthetic cyanobacterium instead of green algae, an smaller number are basidiolichens and contain a basidiomycete fungus instead of an ascomycete. Dictyonema is a symbiosis between a basidiomycete fungus and a scytonematoid cyanobacterium, making it both a basidiolichen and a cyanolichen, a rare combination; this makes Dictyonema more related to mushrooms than it is to most other lichens. The genus Dictyonema was first named in 1822 by Carl Adgardh and Carl Kunth after examining a novel fungus, sent to them from Brazil; the genus was redefined in 1978 when Erast Parmasto assessed 40 different species of basidiolichens that were divided into 3 families and 8 genera, reduced them to 5 species in the single genus Dictyonema. This resulted in a rather diverse group of lichens that has since grown in size to more than 20 species, making Dictyonema the largest genus of basidiolichen.
There is, some recent debate over whether or not all of these species should be included in the same genus. Dictyonema is a diverse group of lichens. There are species of a variety of different shapes, including foliose and filamentous. Most species grow on a soil, moss, or rotting logs, but one species grows on the leaves of trees. Although species of Dictyonema are tropical, they range from the tropical lowlands to an elevation of 4300 m in the Andes; the Dictyonema fungus is a basidiomycete, so it discovered lichenization independently from the ascomycete lichens. Within the basidiomycetes, Dictyonema is related to three other genera of basidiolichens that are in the family Hygrophoraceae: Lichenomphalia and Cyphellostereum; the molecular data indicates that lichenization has evolved independently at least twice, three times, within these four genera, which suggests that for some reason the fungi in Hygrophoraceae are predisposed to evolve into lichens. The majority of the other, non-lichenized fungi in this family are saprotrophic or ectomycorrhizal, although numerous species, such as Arrhenia, grow on mosses and derive nutrition from them.
It is not yet understood. An unidentified species of Dictyonema Dictyonema sericeum, is called nenendape by the Huaorani of Amazon jungle of Ecuador. An infusion is made with this lichen that causes intense hallucinations due to high contents in both DMT and Psilocybin, it is used by the shaman to call upon malevolent spirits to curse people, it is used to cause sterility. List of Agaricales genera Dictyonema in Index Fungorum Picture of Dictyonema glabratum at TicoLichen Picture of Dictyonema sericeum at TicoLichen
Cora, West Virginia
Cora is an unincorporated community in Logan County, West Virginia, United States. Cora is 2 miles southwest of Logan, along the Copperas Mine Fork. Cora has a post office with ZIP code 25614; the climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Cora has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps
The kora is a 21-string lute-bridge-harp used extensively in West Africa. A kora is a Mandinka harp built from a large calabash cut in half and covered with cow skin to make a resonator with a long hardwood neck; the skin is supported by two handles. It has each playing a different note, it supports a notched double free-standing bridge. It doesn't fit into any one category of musical instruments, but rather several, must be classified as a "double-bridge-harp-lute"; the strings run in two divided ranks. They are held in notches on a bridge, making it a bridge harp, they originate from a string arm or neck and cross a bridge directly supported by a resonating chamber, making it a lute too. The sound of a kora resembles that of a harp, though when played in the traditional style, it bears a closer resemblance to flamenco and Delta blues guitar techniques of both hands to pluck the strings in polyrhythmic patterns. Ostinato improvised solo runs are played at the same time by skilled players. Kora players have traditionally come from jali families who are traditional historians and storytellers who pass their skills on to their descendants.
The instrument is played in Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Burkina Faso and the Gambia. Most West African musicians prefer the term "jali" to "griot", the French word. "Jali" means something similar to oral historian. Traditional koras feature 21 strings, eleven played by ten by the right. Modern koras made in the Casamance region of southern Senegal sometimes feature additional bass strings, adding up to four strings to the traditional 21. Strings were traditionally made from thin strips of hide, for example antelope skin - now most strings are made from harp strings or nylon fishing line, sometimes plaited together to create thicker strings. A vital accessory in the past was the nyenmyemo, a leaf-shaped plate of tin or brass with wire loops threaded around the edge. Clamped to the bridge, it produced sympathetic sounds, serving as an amplifier since the sound carried well in the open air. In today's environment players prefer or need an electric pickup. By moving leather tuning rings up and down the neck, a kora player can retune the instrument into one of four seven-note scales.
These scales are close in tuning to western major and Lydian modes. Ibn Battuta did mention that the women who accompanied Dugha to perform were carrying bows that they plucked, he didn't mention the number of strings, but this shows the existence of harp instruments in 14th century Mali and could be the earliest written reference to the kora. The kora is designed like a bow with a gourd but Ibn Battuta did not go into detail about these instruments; the earliest European reference to the kora in Western literature is in Travels in Interior Districts of Africa by the Scottish Mungo Park. The most scenario, based on Mandinka oral tradition, suggests that the origins of the kora may be linked with Jali Mady Fouling Cissoko, some time after the founding of Kaabu in the 16th century; the kora is mentioned in the Senegalese national anthem "Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons". Nowadays koras are made with guitar machine heads instead of the traditional leather rings; the advantage is. The disadvantage is that this design limits the pitch of the instrument because string lengths are more fixed and lighter strings are needed to lift it much more than a tone.
Learning to tune a traditional kora is arguably as difficult as learning to play it, many tourists who are entranced by the sound while in West Africa buy koras and find themselves unable to keep it in tune once they are home, relegating it to the status of ornament. Koras can be converted to replace the leather rings with machine heads. Wooden pegs and harp pegs are used, but both can still cause tuning problems in damper climates unless made with great skill. In the late 20th century, a 25-string model of the kora was developed, though it has been adopted by only a few players in the region of Casamance, in southern Senegal; some kora players such as Seckou Keita have double necked koras, allowing them to switch from one tuning to another within seconds, giving them increased flexibility. The French Benedictine monks of the Keur Moussa Abbey in Senegal conceived a method based on scores to teach the instrument. Brother Dominique Catta, choirmaster of the Keur Moussa Abbey, was the first Western composer who wrote for the kora.
An electric instrument modeled on the kora called the gravikord was invented in the late 20th century by instrument builder and musician Robert Grawi. It is tuned and played differently than the kora. Another instrument, the Gravi-kora, a 21 string electro-acoustic instrument, was developed by Robert Grawi for kora players who wanted a modern instrument, its playing and tuning are the same as the traditional kora. The gravi-kora has been adopted by kora players such as Daniel Berkman, Jacques Burtin, Foday Musa Suso, who featured it in recordings with jazz innovator Herbie Hancock, with his band Mandingo, on Suso's New World Power album; the kora music being part of the oral tradition, its music was not written until the 20th century. The ethnomusicologists were the only ones to note some tradition
The Cora are an indigenous ethnic group of Western Central Mexico which live in the municipality El Nayar in the Mexican state of Nayarit and in a few settlements in the neighboring state of Jalisco. They call themselves náayerite, whence the name of the present day Mexican state of Nayarit; the 2000 Mexican census reported that there were 24,390 persons who were members of Cora speaking households, these being defined as households where at least one parent or elder claim to speak the Cora language. Of these 24 thousand, 67 percent were reported to speak Cora, 17 percent were nonspeakers, the remaining 16 percent were unspecified with regard to their language; the Cora cultivate maize and amaranth and they raise some cattle. The Cora live in the rugged mountain and canyon country of Nayarit and across the border in neighboring Jalisco and Sinaloa. In the early 18th century they were an anomaly in that they had never permitted Catholic missionaries to live in their country, they had become a pagan island in a sea of Hispanic culture.
In 1716, a Spanish expedition to attempt to bring the Cora under Spanish control failed. However, in 1722, the Spanish returned in force and the Cora yielded. According to Spanish accounts many of them became Christian and practice, up until the present, "Catholic-derived customs." The Cora religion is a syncretism between Catholicism. The ancestral Cora religion has three principal divinities; the supreme god is the sun god, Tayau, "our father". He travels across the sky during the day. Clouds are believed to be smoke from his pipe. In earlier times the priests of Tayau, the tonatí, were the highest authority of the Cora communities, his wife is Tetewan, the underworld goddess associated with the moon and the west. Her alternate names are Nasisa, their son, Sautari, "the flower picker", is associated with the afternoon. Other names for him are Hatsikan, "big brother", Tahás, Ora, he is associated with Jesus Christ. Some Cora myths have Mesoamerican origins. Others are shared with the linguistically adjacent Huichol.
The Cora language belongs to the Corachol languages branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family. It has El Nayar and Santa Teresa. Huaynamota Casad, Eugene H. 2001. "Cora: a no longer unknown Southern Uto-Aztecan language." In José Luis Moctezuma Zamarrón and Jane H. Hill, Avances y balances de lenguas yutoaztecas. Mexico, D. F.: Instituto Nacional de Antropología y Historia. Coyle, Phillip E. 2001. Nàyari history and violence: from flowers to ash. Tucson: University of Arizona Press. Coyle, Phillip E. 1998. The customs of our ancestors: Cora religious conversion and millennialism, 2000–1722. Ethnohistory. 45:509–42. Dahlgren Jordan, Barbro.. Los Coras de la Sierra de Nayarit. Instituto de Investigaciones Antropologicas. UNAM. Mexico. Ethnologue. Mexico page Jáuregui, Jesús. 2004. Coras. Mexico: Comisión Nacional para el Desarrollo de los Pueblos Indígenas: Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo. Series: Pueblos Indígenas del México Contemporáneo. McMahon, Ambrosio & Maria Aiton de McMahon. Vocabulario Cora.
Series de Vocabularios Indigenas Mariano Silva y Aceves. SIL. Miller, Wick.. Uto-Aztecan languages. In W. C. Sturtevant, Handbook of North American Indians. Washington, D. C.: Smithsonian Institution. Preuss, Konrad Theodor: Grammatik der Cora-Sprache, New York 1932