The Mac mini is a desktop computer made by Apple Inc. One of four desktop computers in the current Macintosh lineup, along with the iMac, Mac Pro, iMac Pro, it uses many components featured in laptops to achieve its small size; the current Mac mini, introduced in October 2018, is the fourth generation of the product. First released in 2005, the Mac mini is Apple's only consumer desktop computer since 1998 to ship without a display, keyboard, or mouse. Apple marketed it as BYODKM, pitching it to users switching from a traditional Windows PC. In 2010, a third-generation Mac mini became Apple's first computer with an HDMI video port to connect to a television or other display, more positioning the unit as a home theater device alternative to the Apple TV. A server version of the Mac mini, bundled with the Server edition of the OS X operating system, was offered from 2009 to 2014. A small form factor computer had been speculated and requested long before the release of the Mac mini. Rumors predicted that the "headless iMac" would be small, include no display, would be positioned as Apple's entry-level desktop computer.
On January 10, 2005, the Mac mini was announced alongside the iPod shuffle at the Macworld Conference & Expo and was described by Apple CEO Steve Jobs at the time as "the cheapest, most affordable Mac ever". Its case measured 2.0 × 6.5 × 6.5 inches. The Mac mini is an entry-level computer intended for budget-minded customers; until the 2011 release, the Mac mini had much less processing power than the other computers of the Macintosh lineup. Unlike regular desktop computers, which use standard-sized components such as 3.5-inch hard drives and full-size DIMM's, Apple uses lower-power laptop components in the Mac mini to fit all the necessary components into the small case and to prevent overheating. With the choice of components on the older models, the machine was considered somewhat slower than standard desktop computers, it had less storage and memory than comparable desktops. However, the 2011 upgrade addressed many of these previous complaints. In general, the Mac mini has been praised as a affordable computer with a solid range of features.
However, many agree that it is costly for a computer aimed at the lower segment of the market. It is possible to buy small computers at the same price with faster processors, better graphics card, more memory, more storage; the small size has made the Mac mini popular as a home theater solution. In addition, its size and reliability has helped keep resale values high. On October 22, 2009, Apple introduced a new server version of the Mac mini along with revisions of the computer; this model had a second hard drive instead of an optical drive, was marketed as an affordable server for small businesses and schools. On June 15, 2010, Apple introduced the third-generation Mac mini; the new model was thinner, with a unibody aluminum case designed to be opened for RAM access, incorporated upgraded hardware, such as an HDMI port and Nvidia GeForce 320M graphics. It included an internal power supply. An update announced July 20, 2011, dropped the internal CD/DVD optical drive from all versions and introduced a Thunderbolt port, Intel Core i5 processor, either Intel HD Graphics 3000 integrated graphics or AMD Radeon HD 6630M dedicated graphics.
The Server model was upgraded to a quad-core Intel Core i7 processor. Quad-core i7 CPUs were used in the late-2012 desktop Mac mini computers. In October 2014, Apple refreshed the line, adding Haswell CPUs, improving the graphics, lowering the base-model price by $100; the only change to the body was the removal of the two holes used to open the case, as the RAM was no longer upgradable because it was soldered to the logic board. On October 30, 2018, after four years, the Mac mini got a refresh. With this came major specification upgrades, new colors, a switch to all-flash storage; the RAM was increased to a baseline of 8 GB, a maximum of 64 GB of SO-DIMM DDR4. This shows Apple's trend back toward user-upgrade-ability in their desktop models; the storage was changed to a baseline 128 GB of flash storage, with a max of 2 TB. It has optional 10 Gb Ethernet, HDMI 2.0, a headphone jack, 2 USB 3.1, 4 USB-C Thunderbolt 3 ports. The Bluetooth was upgraded to the 5.0 standard, the Mac itself was made available in space gray.
The baseline retail price is $799 USD. Missing for the 2018 model is the SD card reader, SATA drive bay, IR receiver, optical S/PDIF audio out, audio in; the most notable feature of the Mac mini is its size. The original design measured only 2.0 × 6.5 × 6.5 inches. The exterior of the original Mac mini was made of aluminum capped with polycarbonate plastic on the top and bottom; the original design was not meant to be upgraded by the user. The back of the machine contains the I/O vents for the cooling system, it had an external power supply rated at 85W or 110W. The Mac mini, updated on June 15, 2010, was redesigned, being slimmer than the prior models at only 1.4 inches tall, but wider at 7.7 inches a side. The weight rose from 2.9 to 3.0 pounds. The power supply is now internal as opposed to external; the chassis no longer has the polycarbonate plastic on the bottom. The newer model, introduced July 20, 2011 has the same physical dimensions
Outline of Apple Inc.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Apple Inc.: Apple Inc. is an American multinational corporation that designs and sells consumer electronics, computer software, personal computers. The company's best-known hardware products are the Macintosh line of computers, the iPod, the iPhone and the iPad, its best-known software includes the macOS and iOS operating systems, the iTunes media browser. As of March 2014, Apple has 425 retail stores in 16 countries, an online store. Macintosh – a family of personal computers designed and marketed by Apple. IMac – this line of all-in-one Macintosh desktop computers has been Apple's primary consumer desktop offering since its introduction in 1998. IMac Pro – Similar in design to the iMac, but with a workstation-class Intel Xeon W processor and higher memory and graphics options. MacBook family – Macintosh notebook computers that merged the PowerBook and iBook lines during Apple's transition to Intel processors. MacBook – line of ultraportable Macintosh notebook computer introduced in March 2015.
MacBook Air – line of ultraportable Macintosh notebook computers introduced in January 2008. MacBook Pro – line of Macintosh portable computers introduced in January 2006, it replaced the PowerBook G4. Mac Mini – small form factor desktop computer. Mac Pro – Workstation-class hardware specifications based on Intel Xeon microprocessors. Commercially successful families of Apple computers from the 20th century include the Apple II series, Compact Macintosh, Macintosh II, Macintosh LC, Macintosh Performa, Macintosh Quadra, Power Macintosh, PowerBook. IOS – mobile operating system for the iPhone and iPod Touch, extended to support other Apple devices such as the iPad, Apple TV, Apple Watch. Called "iPhone OS". Apple TV – A digital media receiver, it is a small form factor network appliance designed to play digital content originating from the iTunes Store, YouTube, MobileMe, MLB.tv, NBA League Pass, NHL GameCenter, or any macOS or Windows computer running iTunes onto an enhanced-definition or high-definition widescreen television.
Apple Watch. In size and weight, it falls between laptop computers. IPad – the first iPad released with a 9.7-inch display, a lithium-ion polymer battery that lasts up to 10 hours, a dual core Apple A4 processor, no cameras. Started the whole tablet marketplace of portable computing devices. IPad 2 – second generation iPad, with a lithium-ion polymer battery that lasts up to 10 hours, a dual core Apple A5 processor and VGA front-facing and 720p rear-facing cameras designed for FaceTime video calling. IPad – third generation iPad, it adds a Retina Display, the new Apple A5X chip with integrated quad-core graphics processor, a 5-megapixel camera, full HD 1080p video recording, voice dictation, 4G LTE. iPad – fourth generation iPad. Keeping the Retina Display, with a new Apple A6X chip with integrated a quad-core graphics processor, a 5 MP camera, full HD 1080p video recording rear camera and 1.2 MP still/720p HD video front camera, with improved 4G LTE connectivity. IPad Air – fifth generation iPad.
Lighter and smaller dimensions, following the design of the iPad Mini keeping the Retina Display, using a new 64-bit Apple A7 chip featured in the iPhone 5S and 2nd generation iPad Mini, with integrated a quad-core graphics processor, retaining a 5 MP camera, full HD 1080p video recording rear camera and 1.2 MP still/720p HD video front camera, improved 4G LTE connectivity. IPad Air 2 – sixth generation iPad. Thinner than the iPad Air, same design as the iPad Air and keeping the Retina Display, using a new 64-bit Apple A8X chip with integrated octa-core graphics processor, an 8 MP camera, full HD 1080p video recording rear camera and 1.2 MP still/720p HD video front camera. New addition include the Touch ID sensor compatible with Apple Pay. iPad Mini – smaller screen version of the larger iPad, same line of tablet computers specialized for audio-visual media including books, movies, games and web content. In size and weight, it falls between laptop computers. IPad Mini – first smaller generation iPad with non-Retina 7.9-inch display.
Uses older Apple A5 chip with integrated a dual-core graphics processor, a 5 MP camera, full HD 1080p video recording rear camera and 1.2 MP still/720p video front camera, with improved 4G LTE connectivity. IPad Mini – second generation with Retina Display keeping 7.9-inch display. Uses same Apple A7 chip with integrated a dual-core graphics processor as iPhone 5S and the larger iPad Air, retains same 5 MP camera, with further improved 4G LTE connectivity. IPad Mini – third generation with Retina Display keeping 7.9-inch display. Uses same Apple A7 chip with integrated a dual-core graphics processor as previous iPad Mini, new addition include the Touch ID sensor compatible with Apple Pay. iPad Mini 4 – fourth generation with Retina Display keeping 7.9-inch display, with anti-glare coating. Uses the 64-bit Apple A8 chip and Apple M8 motion co-processor. IPad Pro - larger screen version of the smaller iPad, same line of tablet computers specia
The iPod Classic is a portable media player created and marketed by Apple Inc. There were six generations of the iPod Classic, as well as a spin-off, re-integrated into the main iPod line. All generations used a 1.8-inch hard drive for storage. The "classic" suffix was formally introduced with the rollout of the sixth-generation iPod on September 5, 2007. Prior to this, all iPod Classic models were referred to as iPods, it was available in silver or black replacing the "signature iPod white". On September 9, 2014, Apple discontinued the iPod Classic; the sixth-generation 160GB iPod Classic was the last Apple product in the iPod line to use the original 30-pin iPod connector and the iconic Click Wheel. IPods with color displays use text, with sliding animations. All iPods have five buttons and the generations have the buttons integrated into the click wheel — a design which gives an uncluttered, minimalist interface, though the circuitry contains multiple momentary button switches; the buttons are: Menu: to traverse backwards through the menus, toggle the backlight on older iPods, jump to the main menu on newer iPods Center: to select a menu item Play / Pause: this doubles as an off switch when held Skip Forward / Fast Forward Skip Backwards / Fast Reverse The iPod's operating system is stored on its dedicated storage medium.
An additional NOR flash ROM chip contains a bootloader program that tells the device to load its OS from the storage medium. Each iPod has 32 MB of RAM, although the 60GB and 80GB fifth generation, the sixth-generation models have 64 MB. A portion of the RAM is used to hold the iPod OS loaded from firmware, but the majority of it serves to cache songs from the storage medium. For example, an iPod could spin its hard disk up once and copy 30 MB of upcoming songs into RAM, thus saving power by not requiring the drive to spin up for each song. Custom firmware has been developed such as Rockbox and iPodLinux which offer open-source alternatives to the standard firmware and operating system. In March 2002, Apple added limited PDA-like functionality: text files can be displayed, while contacts and schedules can be viewed and synchronized with the host computer; some built-in games are available, including Brick, Solitaire, iPod Quiz. A firmware update released in September 2006 brought some extra features to fifth-generation iPods including adjustable screen brightness, gapless playback, downloadable games.
However, as of September 30, 2011, these games are no longer available on the iTunes Store. Apple introduced the first-generation iPod on October 23, 2001, with the slogan "1,000 songs in your pocket", they went on sale on November 10, 2001. The first iPod had a monochrome LCD screen and featured a 5GB hard drive capable of storing 1,000 songs encoded using MP3 and was priced at US$399. Among the iPod's innovations were its small size, achieved using a 1.8" hard drive, whereas its competitors were using 2.5" hard drives at the time, its easy-to-use navigation, controlled using a mechanical scroll wheel, a center select button, four auxiliary buttons around the wheel. The iPod had a rated battery life of ten hours. On March 20, 2002, Apple introduced a 10GB model of the first-generation iPod for US$499. VCard compatibility was added, as well as allowing iPods to display business card information synced from a Mac; the second-generation of the iPod was introduced on July 17, 2002. Using a similar body style as the first generation, the top of the iPod was redesigned, switching from a single swooping cutout in the back plate to mount the firewire port, hold switch and headphone assembly, to individual ports being cut into the back plate to allow these ports to be accessed.
Furthermore, the hold switch was redesigned, a cover was added to the FireWire port, the mechanical wheel was replaced with a touch-sensitive wheel. The second-generation class was available in 10GB for US$399 and 20GB for US$499; the first-generation 5GB iPod was carried over, but its price was reduced to US$299. Notably, the second-generation iPods and the updated first-generation iPod were now Windows-compatible; these versions were bundled with Musicmatch Jukebox. At that time iTunes was Mac unavailable for Windows. In December 2002, Apple unveiled its first limited edition iPods, with either Madonna’s, Tony Hawk’s, or Beck’s signature or No Doubt's band logo engraved on the back for an extra US$50. On April 29, 2003, Apple announced a redesigned third-generation iPod. Thinner than the previous models, the third-generation models replaced the FireWire port with a new Dock Connector and introduced the Touch Wheel, a non-mechanical interface with the four auxiliary buttons located in a row between the screen and the touch wheel.
The front plate had rounded edges, the rear casing was rounded as well. A new wired remote connector was introduced. Whereas first and second-generation iPods had an auxiliary ring around the headphone port for the remote, the third-generation iPods had a 4-pin jack adjacent to the headphone port. A 10GB model was sold for US$299, a 15GB model for US $399, a 30GB model for US $499. All iPods were now compatible with Mac and Windows out of the box, was requiring Windows users to reformat the iPod before use on a PC and both iTunes and Musicmatch Jukebox were bundled with all iPods; the battery life was reduced to 8 hours due to the use of a lithium-i
HyperCard is a software application and development kit for Apple Macintosh and Apple IIGS computers. It is among the first successful hypermedia systems predating the World Wide Web. HyperCard combines a flat-file database with a graphical, user-modifiable interface. HyperCard includes a built-in programming language called HyperTalk for manipulating data and the user interface; this combination of features – a database with simple form layout, flexible support for graphics, ease of programming – suits HyperCard for many different projects such as rapid application development of applications and databases, interactive applications with no database requirements and control systems, many examples in the demoscene. HyperCard was released in 1987 for $49.95 and was included for free with all new Macs sold then. It was withdrawn from sale in March 2004, having received its final update in 1998 upon the return of Steve Jobs to Apple. HyperCard runs in the Classic Environment, but was not ported to Mac OS X. HyperCard is based on the concept of a "stack" of virtual "cards".
Cards hold data. Each card contains a set of interactive objects, including text fields, check boxes and similar common graphical user interface elements. Users browse the stack by navigating from card to card, using built-in navigation features, a powerful search mechanism, or through user-created scripts. Users modify stacks by adding new cards, they place GUI objects on the cards using an interactive layout engine based on a simple drag-and-drop interface. HyperCard includes prototype or template cards called backgrounds; this way, a stack of cards with a common layout and functionality can be created. The layout engine is similar in concept to a form as used in most rapid application development environments such as Borland Delphi, Microsoft Visual Basic and Visual Studio; the database features of the HyperCard system are based on the storage of the state of all of the objects on the cards in the physical file representing the stack. The database does not exist as a separate system within the HyperCard stack.
Instead, the state of any object in the system is considered to be editable at any time. From the HyperCard runtime's perspective, there is no difference between moving a text field on the card and typing into it, both operations change the state of the target object within the stack; such changes are saved when complete, so typing into a field causes that text to be stored to the stack's physical file. The system operates in a stateless fashion, with no need to save during operation; this is in common with many database-oriented systems, although somewhat different from document-based applications. The final key element in HyperCard is the script, a single code-carrying element of every object within the stack; the script is a text field. Like any other property, the script of any object can be edited at any time and changes are saved as soon as they were complete; when the user invokes actions in the GUI, like clicking on a button or typing into a field, these actions are translated into events by the HyperCard runtime.
The runtime examines the script of the object, the target of the event, like a button, to see if its script object contains the event's code, called a handler. If it does, the HyperTalk engine runs the handler; these concepts make up the majority of the HyperCard system. Unlike the majority of RAD or database systems of the era, HyperCard combines all of these features, both user-facing and developer-facing, in a single application; this allows rapid turnaround and immediate prototyping without any coding, allowing users to author custom solutions to problems with their own personalized interface. "Empowerment" became a catchword as this possibility was embraced by the Macintosh community, as was the phrase "programming for the rest of us", that is, not just professional programmers. It is this combination of features that makes HyperCard a powerful hypermedia system. Users can build backgrounds to suit the needs of some system, say a rolodex, use simple HyperTalk commands to provide buttons to move from place to place within the stack, or provide the same navigation system within the data elements of the UI, like text fields.
Using these features, it is easy to build linked systems similar to hypertext links on the Web. Unlike the Web, programming and browsing were all the same tool. Similar systems have been created for HTML but traditional Web services are more heavyweight. HyperCard contains an object oriented scripting language called HyperTalk. HyperTalk object classes are predetermined by the HyperCard environment, although others can be added by the use of externals; the weakly typed HyperTalk supports most standard programming structures such as "if-then" and "repeat". HyperTalk is verbose, hence its ease of readability. HyperTalk code segments are referred to as "scripts", a term, considered less daunting to beginning programmers. HyperCard can be extended through the use of external command and external function modules; these are code libraries packaged in a resource fork that in
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, that designs and sells consumer electronics, computer software, online services. It is considered one of the Big Four of technology along with Amazon and Facebook; the company's hardware products include the iPhone smartphone, the iPad tablet computer, the Mac personal computer, the iPod portable media player, the Apple Watch smartwatch, the Apple TV digital media player, the HomePod smart speaker. Apple's software includes the macOS and iOS operating systems, the iTunes media player, the Safari web browser, the iLife and iWork creativity and productivity suites, as well as professional applications like Final Cut Pro, Logic Pro, Xcode, its online services include the iTunes Store, the iOS App Store, Mac App Store, Apple Music, Apple TV+, iMessage, iCloud. Other services include Apple Store, Genius Bar, AppleCare, Apple Pay, Apple Pay Cash, Apple Card. Apple was founded by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Ronald Wayne in April 1976 to develop and sell Wozniak's Apple I personal computer, though Wayne sold his share back within 12 days.
It was incorporated as Apple Computer, Inc. in January 1977, sales of its computers, including the Apple II, grew quickly. Within a few years and Wozniak had hired a staff of computer designers and had a production line. Apple went public in 1980 to instant financial success. Over the next few years, Apple shipped new computers featuring innovative graphical user interfaces, such as the original Macintosh in 1984, Apple's marketing advertisements for its products received widespread critical acclaim. However, the high price of its products and limited application library caused problems, as did power struggles between executives. In 1985, Wozniak departed Apple amicably and remained an honorary employee, while Jobs and others resigned to found NeXT; as the market for personal computers expanded and evolved through the 1990s, Apple lost market share to the lower-priced duopoly of Microsoft Windows on Intel PC clones. The board recruited CEO Gil Amelio to what would be a 500-day charge for him to rehabilitate the financially troubled company—reshaping it with layoffs, executive restructuring, product focus.
In 1997, he led Apple to buy NeXT, solving the failed operating system strategy and bringing Jobs back. Jobs pensively regained leadership status, becoming CEO in 2000. Apple swiftly returned to profitability under the revitalizing Think different campaign, as he rebuilt Apple's status by launching the iMac in 1998, opening the retail chain of Apple Stores in 2001, acquiring numerous companies to broaden the software portfolio. In January 2007, Jobs renamed the company Apple Inc. reflecting its shifted focus toward consumer electronics, launched the iPhone to great critical acclaim and financial success. In August 2011, Jobs resigned as CEO due to health complications, Tim Cook became the new CEO. Two months Jobs died, marking the end of an era for the company. Apple is well known for its size and revenues, its worldwide annual revenue totaled $265 billion for the 2018 fiscal year. Apple is the world's largest information technology company by revenue and the world's third-largest mobile phone manufacturer after Samsung and Huawei.
In August 2018, Apple became the first public U. S. company to be valued at over $1 trillion. The company employs 123,000 full-time employees and maintains 504 retail stores in 24 countries as of 2018, it operates the iTunes Store, the world's largest music retailer. As of January 2018, more than 1.3 billion Apple products are in use worldwide. The company has a high level of brand loyalty and is ranked as the world's most valuable brand. However, Apple receives significant criticism regarding the labor practices of its contractors, its environmental practices and unethical business practices, including anti-competitive behavior, as well as the origins of source materials. Apple Computer Company was founded on April 1, 1976, by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Ronald Wayne; the company's first product is the Apple I, a computer designed and hand-built by Wozniak, first shown to the public at the Homebrew Computer Club. Apple I was sold as a motherboard —a base kit concept which would now not be marketed as a complete personal computer.
The Apple I went on sale in July 1976 and was market-priced at $666.66. Apple Computer, Inc. was incorporated on January 3, 1977, without Wayne, who had left and sold his share of the company back to Jobs and Wozniak for $800 only twelve days after having co-founded Apple. Multimillionaire Mike Markkula provided essential business expertise and funding of $250,000 during the incorporation of Apple. During the first five years of operations revenues grew exponentially, doubling about every four months. Between September 1977 and September 1980, yearly sales grew from $775,000 to $118 million, an average annual growth rate of 533%; the Apple II invented by Wozniak, was introduced on April 16, 1977, at the first West Coast Computer Faire. It differs from its major rivals, the TRS-80 and Commodore PET, because of its character cell-based color graphics and open architecture. While early Apple II models use ordinary cassette tapes as storage devices, they were superseded by the introduction of a 5 1⁄4-inch floppy disk drive and interface called the Disk II.
The Apple II was chosen to be the desktop platform for the first "killer app" of the business world: VisiCalc, a spreadsheet program. VisiCalc created a business market for the Apple II and gave home users an additional reason to buy an Apple II: compatibility with the office. Before VisiCalc, Apple had been a distant third place c
The Mac Pro is a series of workstation and server computer cases designed and sold by Apple Inc. since 2006. The Mac Pro, in most configurations and in terms of speed and performance, is the most powerful computer that Apple offers, it is a high-end model of the four desktop computers in the current Mac lineup, the other three being the iMac, iMac Pro, Mac Mini. The first-generation Mac Pro has a rectangular tower case which outwardly resembles the last version of the Power Mac G5, has similar expansion capabilities; the first Mac Pro offered a dual Dual-core Xeon Woodcrest processor. It was replaced by a dual Quad-core Xeon Clovertown model on April 4, 2007, again on January 8, 2008 by a dual Quad-core Xeon Harpertown model; the 2012 Mac Pro is nearly identical to a model, announced on July 27, 2010. It features Nehalem/Westmere architecture Intel Xeon processors; these CPUs offer optionally twelve processing cores. The machine itself at its most evolved is able to accommodate up to four 2 TB hard disk drives or 512 GB solid state drives, as well as the ATI Radeon HD 5770/5870 GPU units, one per slot.
The second-generation design of Mac Pro was announced at the 2013 Apple Worldwide Developers Conference opening keynote on June 10, 2013. Apple states; the redesigned Mac Pro takes up less than one eighth the volume of previous model, being shorter and lighter. The machine supports one central processing unit, four 1866 MHz DDR3 slots, dual AMD FirePro D series GPUs, PCIe-based flash storage. There is updated wireless communication and support for six Thunderbolt displays through the Thunderbolt 2 ports. Reviews have been positive, with caveats. Apple stated that an Intel-based replacement for the PowerPC-based Power Mac G5 machines had been expected for some time before the Mac Pro was formally announced on August 7, 2006 at the annual Apple Worldwide Developers Conference; the iMac, Mac Mini, MacBook, MacBook Pro had moved to an Intel-based architecture starting in January 2006, leaving the Power Mac G5 as the only machine in the Mac lineup still based on the PowerPC processor architecture Apple had used since 1993.
Apple had dropped the term "Power" from the other machines in their lineup, started using "Pro" on their higher-end laptop offerings. As such, the name "Mac Pro" was used before the machine was announced; the Mac Pro is in the Unix workstation market. Although the high-end technical market has not traditionally been an area of strength for Apple, the company has been positioning itself as a leader in non-linear digital editing for high-definition video, which demands storage and memory far in excess of a general desktop machine. Additionally, the codecs used in these applications are processor intensive and threadable, which Apple's ProRes white paper describes as scaling linearly with additional processor cores. Apple's previous machine aimed at this market, the Power Mac G5, has up to two dual-core processors, but lacks the storage expansion capabilities of the newer design. Original marketing materials for the Mac Pro referred to the middle-of-the-line model with 2 × dual-core 2.66 GHz processors.
Apple featured the base model with the words "starting at" or "from" when describing the pricing, but the online US Apple Store listed the "Mac Pro at $2499", the price for the mid-range model. The system could be configured at US$2299, much more comparable with the former base-model dual-core G5 at US$1999, although offering more processing power. Post revision, the default configurations for the Mac Pro includes one quad-core Xeon 3500 at 2.66 GHz or two quad-core Xeon 5500s at 2.26 GHz each. Like its predecessor, the Power Mac G5, the pre-2013 Mac Pro was Apple's only desktop with standard expansion slots for graphics adapters and other expansion cards. Apple received criticism after an incremental upgrade to the Mac Pro line following the 2012 WWDC; the line received more default memory and increased processor speed but still used Intel's older Westmere-EP processors instead of the newer E5 series. The line lacked then-current technologies like SATA III, USB 3, Thunderbolt, the last of, added to every other Macintosh at that point.
An email from Apple CEO Tim Cook promised a more significant update to the line in 2013. Apple stopped shipping the first-generation Mac Pro in Europe on March 1, 2013 after an amendment to a safety regulation left the professional Mac non-compliant; the last day to order was February 18, 2013. The first generation Mac Pro was removed from Apple's online store following unveiling of the redesigned second generation Mac Pro at a media event on October 22, 2013; the 2009 and Mac Pro systems were available with one or two central processing units with options giving four, eight, or twelve cores. As an example, the eight core standard configuration Mac Pro uses two Quad core ×8 Intel E5620 Xeon CPUs at 2.4 GHz, but could be configured with two Hexa Core Intel Xeon X5670 CPUs at 2.93 GHz. The 2008-2009 model CPUs use the LGA 771 socket, while the 2010 and use the LGA 1366 socket, meaning either can be removed and replaced with compatible 64-bit Intel Xeon CPUs; the newer LGA 1366 sockets utilize Intel's QuickPath Interconnect integrated into the CPU in lieu of an independent system bus.
The MacBook is a brand of Macintosh laptop computers by Apple Inc. that merged the PowerBook and iBook lines during Apple's transition to Intel processors. The current lineup consists of the MacBook, the MacBook Air, the MacBook Pro. A different MacBook line existed from 2006 to 2012; the MacBook family were housed in designs similar to the iBook and PowerBook lines which preceded them, now making use of a unibody aluminum construction first introduced with the MacBook Air. This new construction has a black plastic keyboard, first used on the MacBook Air, which itself was inspired by the sunken keyboard of the original polycarbonate MacBooks; the now standardized keyboard brings congruity to the MacBook line, with black keys on a metallic aluminum body. The lids of the MacBook family are held closed by a magnet with no mechanical latch, a design element first introduced with the polycarbonate MacBook. Memory and batteries were accessible in the old MacBook lineup, though the newest compact lineup solders or glues all such components in place.
All of the current MacBooks feature backlit keyboards. The MacBook was discontinued until March 2015, when a new model featuring an ultraportable design and an all-metal enclosure was introduced; the MacBook features many firsts from Apple, using a butterfly mechanism keyboard, the Force Touch trackpad, a USB Type-C port. This lack of Type-A USB ports ubiquitous among modern PCs means it requires a physical adapter to attach any 3rd-party peripheral on release; the ports consist of one USB Type-C, able to charge the MacBook, a headphone/microphone jack compatible with inline remote control. Adapters are available for USB, mDP, HDMI, VGA; this Apple laptop is the first in 17 years since the "Wallstreet" PowerBook G3 to lack a translucent illuminated Apple logo on the back of its lid, instead having a polished metal logo. The MacBook Air is Apple's least expensive notebook computer; the 2017 base model comes with a 13-inch screen, was Apple's thinnest notebook computer until the introduction of the MacBook in March 1984.
This MacBook Air model features a Thunderbolt 2 port. This model of MacBook Air does not have a Retina Display. A MacBook Air model with an 11-inch screen was available from October 1992 to October 2002. In 2007, the MacBook Air received a small refresh, with the processor speed increased to 1.8 GHz. On October 30, 2009, the MacBook Air underwent a major design change, dropping the USB Type-A ports, MagSafe, the SD card slot in favor of two USB-C/Thunderbolt 3 ports and a headphone jack, it was updated with a Retina display and Intel Y-series Amber Lake i5 CPUs, as well as a Force Touch trackpad, a third generation butterfly mechanism keyboard, the Touch ID sensor found in the fourth generation MacBook Pro, but without the Touch Bar. The base price was raised, although the base configuration of the 2011 model was retained; the MacBook Pro is Apple's higher end laptop available in both 15-inch configurations. A redesigned MacBook Pro was introduced on October 27, 2016, thinner and lighter than the previous generation MacBook Pro.
Both size models feature a touch-sensitive OLED display strip located in place of the function keys, a Touch ID sensor integrated with the power button, a butterfly mechanism keyboard similar to the MacBook, four USB-C ports that serve as Thunderbolt 3 ports. The 13-inch model is available in a less expensive configuration with conventional function keys and only two USB-C/Thunderbolt 3 ports. Comparison of Macintosh models