Second Battle of Corinth
The Second Battle of Corinth was fought October 3–4, 1862, in Corinth, Mississippi. For the second time in the Iuka-Corinth Campaign, Union Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans defeated a Confederate army, this time one under Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn. After the Battle of Iuka, Maj. Gen. Sterling Price marched his army to meet with Van Dorn's; the combined force, known as the Army of West Tennessee, was put under the command of the more senior Van Dorn. The army moved in the direction of Corinth, a critical rail junction in northern Mississippi, hoping to disrupt Union lines of communications and sweep into Middle Tennessee; the fighting began on October 3 as the Confederates pushed the U. S. Army from the rifle pits constructed by the Confederates for the Siege of Corinth; the Confederates exploited a gap in the Union line and continued to press the Union troops until they fell back to an inner line of fortifications. On the second day of battle, the Confederates moved forward to meet heavy Union artillery fire, storming Battery Powell and Battery Robinett, where desperate hand-to-hand fighting occurred.
A brief incursion into the town of Corinth was repulsed. After a U. S. counterattack recaptured Battery Powell, Van Dorn ordered a general retreat. Rosecrans did not pursue and the Confederates escaped destruction; as Confederate General Braxton Bragg moved north from Tennessee into Kentucky in September 1862, Union Maj. Gen. Don Carlos Buell pursued him from Nashville with his Army of the Ohio. Confederate forces under Van Dorn and Price in northern Mississippi were expected to advance into Middle Tennessee to support Bragg's effort, but the Confederates needed to prevent Buell from being reinforced by Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's Army of the Tennessee. Since the conclusion of the Siege of Corinth that summer, Grant's army had been engaged in protecting supply lines in western Tennessee and northern Mississippi. At the Battle of Iuka on September 19, Maj. Gen. Sterling Price's Confederate Army of the West was defeated by forces under Grant's overall command, but tactically under Rosecrans, the commander of the Army of the Mississippi.
Price had hoped to combine his small army with Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn's Army of West Tennessee and disrupt Grant's communications, but Rosecrans struck first, causing Price to retreat from Iuka. Rosecrans's pursuit of Price was ineffectual. After Iuka, Grant established his headquarters at Jackson, Tennessee, a central location to communicate with his commands at Corinth and Memphis. Rosecrans returned to Corinth. Ord's three divisions of Grant's Army of the Tennessee moved to Bolivar, northwest of Corinth, to join with Maj. Gen. Stephen A. Hurlbut. Thus, Grant's forces in the immediate vicinity consisted of 12,000 men at Bolivar, Rosecrans's 23,000 at Corinth, Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's 7,000 at Memphis, another 6,000 as a general reserve at Jackson. Price's army marched to Ripley where it joined Van Dorn on September 28. Van Dorn took command of the combined force, numbering about 22,000 men, they marched on the Memphis and Charleston Railroad to Pocahontas, Tennessee, on October 1. From this point they had a number of opportunities for further moves and Grant was uncertain about their intentions.
When they bivouacked on October 2 at Chewalla, Grant became certain. The Confederates hoped to seize Corinth from an unexpected direction, isolating Rosecrans from reinforcements, sweep into Middle Tennessee. Grant sent word to Rosecrans to be prepared for an attack, at the same time directing Hurlbut to keep an eye on the enemy and strike him on the flank if a favorable opportunity offered. Despite the warning from Grant, Rosecrans was not convinced that Corinth was the target of Van Dorn's advance, he believed that the Confederate commander would not be foolhardy enough to attack the fortified town and might well instead choose to strike the Mobile and Ohio railroad and maneuver the U. S. soldiers out of their position. Along the north and east sides of Corinth, about two miles from the town, was a line of entrenchments, extending from the Chewalla Road on the northwest to the Mobile and Ohio Railroad on the south, constructed by Confederate General P. G. T. Beauregard's army before it evacuated the town in May.
These lines were too extensive for Rosecrans's 23,000 men to defend, so with the approval of Grant, Rosecrans modified the lines to emphasize the defense of the town and the ammunition magazines near the junction of the two railroads. The inner line of redoubts, closer to the town, called the Halleck Line, was much more substantial. A number of formidable named batteries, guns positioned in strong earthwork defenses, were part of the inner line: Batteries Robinett, Phillips and Lothrop, in the area known as College Hill, they were connected by breastworks, during the last four days of September these works had been strengthened, the trees in the vicinity of the centrally placed Battery Robinett had been felled to form an abatis. Rosecrans's plan was to absorb the expected Confederate advance with a skirmish line at the old Confederate entrenchments and to meet the bulk of the Confederate attack with his main force along the Halleck Line, about a mile from the center of town, his final stand would be made around the batteries on College Hill.
His men were provided with three days' rations and 100 rounds of am
The Corinth Canal connects the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf in the Aegean Sea. It cuts through the narrow Isthmus of Corinth and separates the Peloponnese from the Greek mainland, arguably making the peninsula an island; the canal has no locks. It is 6.4 kilometres in length and only 21.4 metres wide at its base, making it impassable for most modern ships. Nowadays it has little economic importance and is a tourist attraction; the canal was proposed in classical times and a failed effort was made to build it in the 1st century AD. Construction started in 1881 but was hampered by geological and financial problems that bankrupted the original builders, it was completed in 1893 but, due to the canal's narrowness, navigational problems and periodic closures to repair landslides from its steep walls, it failed to attract the level of traffic expected by its operators. Several rulers of antiquity dreamed of digging a cutting through the isthmus; the first to propose such an undertaking was the tyrant Periander in the 7th century BC.
The project was abandoned and Periander instead constructed a simpler and less costly overland portage road, named the Diolkos or stone carriageway, along which ships could be towed from one side of the isthmus to the other. Periander's change of heart is attributed variously to the great expense of the project, a lack of labour or a fear that a canal would have robbed Corinth of its dominant role as an entrepôt for goods. Remnants of the Diolkos still exist next to the modern canal; the Diadoch Demetrius Poliorcetes planned to construct a canal as a means to improve his communication lines, but dropped the plan after his surveyors, miscalculating the levels of the adjacent seas, feared heavy floods. The philosopher Apollonius of Tyana prophesied that anyone who proposed to dig a Corinthian canal would be met with illness. Three Roman rulers considered the idea but all suffered violent deaths. Caligula, the third Roman Emperor, commissioned a study in 40 AD from Egyptian experts who claimed incorrectly that the Corinthian Gulf was higher than the Saronic Gulf.
As a result, they concluded. Caligula's interest in the idea got no further as he too was assassinated before making any progress; the emperor Nero was the first to attempt to construct the canal breaking the ground with a pickaxe and removing the first basket-load of soil in 67 AD, but the project was abandoned when he died shortly afterwards. The Roman workforce, consisting of 6,000 Jewish prisoners of war, started digging 40–50-metre-wide trenches from both sides, while a third group at the ridge drilled deep shafts for probing the quality of the rock. According to Suetonius, the canal was dug to a distance of four stades – 700 metres – or about a tenth of the total distance across the isthmus. A memorial of the attempt in the form of a relief of Hercules was left by Nero's workers and can still be seen in the canal cutting today. Other than this, as the modern canal follows the same course as Nero's, no remains have survived; the Greek philosopher and Roman senator Herodes Atticus is known to have considered digging a canal in the 2nd century AD, but did not get a project under way.
The Venetians considered it in 1687 after their conquest of the Peloponnese but did not initiate a project. The idea of a canal was revived after Greece gained formal independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1830; the Greek statesman Ioannis Kapodistrias asked a French engineer to assess the feasibility of the project but had to abandon it when its cost was assessed at 40 million gold francs—far too expensive for the newly independent country. Fresh impetus was given by the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 and the following year, the government of Prime Minister Thrasyvoulos Zaimis passed a law authorizing the construction of a Corinth Canal. French entrepreneurs were put in charge but, following the bankruptcy of the French company that had attempted to dig the Panama Canal, French banks refused to lend money and the company went bankrupt as well. A fresh concession was granted to the Société Internationale du Canal Maritime de Corinthe in 1881, commissioned to construct the canal and operate it for the next 99 years.
Construction was formally inaugurated on 23 April 1882 in the presence of King George I of Greece. The company's initial capital was 30,000,000 francs, but after eight years of work it ran out of money and a bid to issue 60,000 bonds of 500 francs each flopped when less than half of the bonds were sold; the company's head, István Türr, went bankrupt, as did the company itself and a bank that had agreed to raise additional funds for the project. Construction resumed in 1890 when the project was transferred to a Greek company, was completed on 25 July 1893 after eleven years' work; the canal experienced operational difficulties after completion. The narrowness of the canal makes navigation difficult, its high walls channel wind along its length, the different times of the tides in the two gulfs cause strong tidal currents in the channel. For these reasons, many ship operators were unwilling to use the canal, traffic was far below predictions. Annual traffic of just under 4 million net tons had been anticipated, but by 1906 traffic had reached only half a million net tons annually.
By 1913 the total had risen to 1.5 million net tons, but the
Corinth is a town in Orange County, United States. The population was 1,461 at the 2000 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 48.5 square miles, of which 48.5 square miles is land and 0.04 square mile is water. The Waits River flows through northeastern Corinth. Tim Burton's film Beetlejuice was filmed in East Corinth. East Corinth is one of the most photographed New England foliage scenes. Local services include a general store, movie rental store, post office, doctor's office and ball field. Corinth contains seven villages: East Corinth, West Corinth, South Corinth, Corinth Center, Corinth Corners and Goose Green, it has two zip codes - 05039 and 05040. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,461 people, 535 households, 410 families residing in the town; the population density was 30.1 people per square mile. There were 728 housing units at an average density of 15.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.77% White, 0.21% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.14% from other races, 0.68% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.03% of the population. There were 535 households out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.4% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.2% were non-families. 16.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.02. In the town, the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males. The median income for a household in the town was $32,198, the median income for a family was $33,646. Males had a median income of $29,964 versus $23,646 for females; the per capita income for the town was $14,431. About 7.1% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.2% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.
Tania Aebi, first American woman to sail solo around the world Reuben Robie, former US Congressman Alexander Twilight, first African American to serve in a state legislature and first African American confirmed to have received a degree from an American university Patricia Neway, operatic soprano and musical theater actress, lived there in retirement until her death in 2012
Corinth is a city in and the county seat of Alcorn County, United States. The population was 14,573 at the 2010 census, its ZIP codes are 38834 and 38835. Corinth was founded in 1853 as Cross City, so-called because it served as a junction for the Mobile & Ohio and Memphis & Charleston railroads, it was the town's early newspaper editor, W. E. Gibson, who suggested its current name for the city of Corinth in Greece that served as a crossroads. Corinth's location at the junction of two railroads made it strategically important to the Confederacy during the American Civil War. Confederate General P. G. T. Beauregard retreated to Corinth after the Battle of Shiloh, pursued by Union Major General Henry W. Halleck. General Beauregard abandoned the town when General Halleck approached, letting it fall into the Union's hands. Since Halleck approached so cautiously, digging entrenchments at every stop for over a month, this action has been known as the Siege of Corinth; the Union sent Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans to Corinth as well and concentrated its forces in the city.
The Second Battle of Corinth took place on October 3−4, 1862, when Confederate Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn attempted to retake the city. Battery Williams Siege and Battle of Corinth Sites Coliseum Theatre- built in the early 20th century in the Colonial Revival style Corinth National Cemetery Downtown Corinth Historic District Dr. Joseph M. Bynum House—a home in the Late Gothic Revival style built in the late 19th century Federal Siege Trench Fort Robinette —site of the Civil War Interpretive Center Jacinto Courthouse —built in the mid-19th century in the Federal style L. C. Steele House Midtown Corinth Historic District Moores Creek site—a prehistoric Native American site from 3000 to 3500 B. C. Old U. S. Post Office Rienzi Commercial Historic District Thomas F. Dilworth House Union Battery F, Battle of Corinth Union Earthworks Veranda House —built in 1857, it served as headquarters for Confederate generals during the Battle of Corinth Corinth is located in northeast Mississippi at the intersection of U.
S. Route 45 and U. S. Route 72, it is the county seat of Alcorn County, the smallest county in area in the state of Mississippi. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 30.3 square miles, of which 30.2 square miles is land and 0.12 square miles, or 0.43%, is water. Eastview, Tennessee, 9.85 miles Farmington, 3.97 miles Guys, Tennessee, 7.24 miles Kossuth, 8.21 miles Michie, Tennessee, 9.75 miles Ramer, Tennessee, 10.92 miles Bridge Creek Elam Creek Phillips Creek Turner Creek The climate is humid subtropical like all the Mississippi but with frequent and regular gusts of snow. As of the census of 2000, there were 14,054 people, 6,220 households, 3,800 families residing in the city; the population density was 461.5 people per square mile. There were 7,058 housing units at an average density of 231.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 76.28% White, 21.60% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.84% from other races, 0.73% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.73% of the population. There were 6,220 households out of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.9% were non-families. Of all households, 35.6% were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.82. In the city, the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $23,436, the median income for a family was $35,232. Males had a median income of $29,027 versus $21,071 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,452. About 18.2% of families and 22.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.2% of those under age 18 and 23.9% of those age 65 or over.
Corinth School District: Corinth High School—grades 9–12 with an enrollment of 473 Corinth Middle School—grades 5–8 with an enrollment of 265 Corinth Elementary School—grades K–4 Easom High School Alcorn School District: Alcorn Alternative School Alcorn Central Elementary—grades K–4, with enrollment of 520 Alcorn Central Middle School—grades 5–8 with an enrollment of 539 Alcorn Central High School—grades 9–12 with an enrollment of 515 Biggersville Elementary—grades K–6 with an enrollment of 161 Biggersville High School—grades 7–12 with an enrollment of 236 Kossuth Elementary School—grades K–4 with an enrollment of 562 Kossuth High School—grades 9–12 with an enrollment of 438 Kossuth Middle School—grades 5–8 with an enrollment of 499 Corinth Public Library—part of the Northeast Regional Library System Northeast Mississippi Museum Corinth Civil War Interpretive Center Artist Guild Museum and Shop Museum of Southern Culture Black History Museum Veranda Health Center Magnolia Regional Health Center U
Battle of Corinth (146 BC)
The Battle of Corinth was a battle fought between the Roman Republic and the Greek city-state of Corinth and its allies in the Achaean League in 146 BCE, which resulted in the complete and total destruction of Corinth. This battle marked the beginning of the period of Roman domination in Greek history. In 146 BCE, the Romans defeated and destroyed their main rival in the Mediterranean and spent the following months in provoking the Greeks, aiming to a final battle that would strengthen their hold in this area. Cassius Dio reported. In the winter of that year the Achaean League rebelled against Roman predominance in Greece. Marching from Macedonia, the Romans defeated the first Achaean army under Critolaos of Megalopolis at the Battle of Scarpheia, advanced unhindered onto Corinth; the Roman consul Mummius, with 23,000 infantry and 3,500 cavalry with Cretans and Pergamese, advanced into the Peloponnese against the revolutionary Achaean government. The Achaean general Diaeus camped at Corinth with 600 cavalry.
The Achaeans made a successful night attack on the camp of the Roman advance guard, inflicting heavy casualties. Encouraged by this success they offered battle the next day but their cavalry outnumbered, did not wait to receive the Roman cavalry charge and instead dispersed; the Achaean infantry, held the legions until a picked force of 1,000 Roman infantry charged their flank and broke them and the Achaeans retreated with order in the city walls. Some Achaeans took refuge in Corinth but no defense was organized because Diaeus fled to Arcadia. Corinth was utterly destroyed in this year by the vicious Roman army and all of her treasures and art plundered; the entire adult male population was put to the sword and the female population and children sold into slavery. The annihilation of Corinth, the same fate met by Carthage the same year, marked a severe departure from previous Roman policy in Greece. While there is archaeological evidence of some minimal habitation in the years afterwards, Julius Caesar re-established the city as Colonia Laus Iulia Corinthiensis in 44 BCE, shortly before his assassination.
The Battle of Corinth was the central event in the 1961 film The Centurion
Corinth is an ancient city and former municipality in Corinthia, located in south-central Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality of Corinth, of which it is the seat and a municipal unit, it is the capital of Corinthia. It was founded as Nea Korinthos or New Corinth in 1858 after an earthquake destroyed the existing settlement of Corinth, which had developed in and around the site of ancient Corinth. Located about 78 kilometres west of Athens, Corinth is surrounded by the coastal townlets of Lechaio, Isthmia and the inland townlets of Examilia and the archaeological site and village of ancient Corinth. Natural features around the city include the narrow coastal plain of Vocha, the Corinthian Gulf, the Isthmus of Corinth cut by its canal, the Saronic Gulf, the Oneia Mountains, the monolithic rock of Acrocorinth, where the medieval acropolis was built. Corinth derives its name from a city-state of antiquity; the site was occupied from before 3000 BC. But historical sources about the city concerns the early 8th century BC, when Corinth began to develop as a commercial center.
Between the 8th and 7th centuries, the Bacchiad family ruled Corinth. Cypselus overthrew the Bacchiad family, between 657 and 550 BC, he and his son Periander ruled Corinth as the Tyrants. In about 550 BC, an oligarchical government seized power; this government allied with Sparta within the Peloponnesian League, Corinth participated in the Persian Wars and Peloponnesian War as an ally of Sparta. After Sparta's victory in the Peloponnesian war, the two allies fell out with one another, Corinth pursued an independent policy in the various wars of the early 4th century BC. After the Macedonian conquest of Greece, the Acrocorinth was the seat of a Macedonian garrison until 243 BC, when the city was liberated and joined the Achaean League. Nearly a century in 146 BC, Corinth was captured and destroyed by Roman armies; as a Roman colony in 44 BC, Corinth flourished and became the administrative capital of the Roman province of Achaea. In 1858, the old city, now known as Ancient Corinth, located 3 kilometres south-west of the modern city, was destroyed by a magnitude 6.5 earthquake.
New Corinth was built to the north-east of it, on the coast of the Gulf of Corinth. In 1928 a magnitude 6.3 earthquake devastated the new city, rebuilt on the same site. In 1933 there was a great fire, the new city was rebuilt again; the Municipality of Corinth had a population of 58,192 according to the 2011 census, the second most populous municipality in the Peloponnese Region after Kalamata. The municipal unit of Corinth had 38,132 inhabitants, of which Corinth itself had 30,176 inhabitants, placing it in third place behind Kalamata and Tripoli among the cities of the Peloponnese Region; the municipal unit of Corinth includes apart from Corinth proper the town of Archaia Korinthos, the town of Examilia, the smaller settlements of Xylokeriza and Solomos. The municipal unit has an area of 102.187 km2. Corinth is a major industrial hub at a national level; the Corinth Refinery is one of the largest oil refining industrial complexes in Europe. Copper cables, petroleum products, medical equipment, gypsum, ceramic tiles, mineral water and beverages, meat products, gums are produced nearby.
As of 2005, a period of deindustrialization has commenced as a large pipework complex, a textile factory and a meat packing facility diminished their operations. Corinth is a major road hub; the A7 toll motorway for Tripoli and Kalamata, branches off the A8/European route E94 toll motorway from Athens at Corinth. Corinth is the main entry point to the Peloponnesian peninsula, the southernmost area of continental Greece. KTEL Korinthias provides intercity bus service in the peninsula and to Athens via the Isthmos station southeast of the city center. Local bus service is available; the city has been connected to the Proastiakos, the Athens suburban rail network, since 2005, when the new Corinth railway station was completed. The port of Corinth, located north of the city centre and close to the northwest entrance of the Corinth Canal, at 37 56.0’ N / 22 56.0’ E, serves the local needs of industry and agriculture. It is a cargo exporting facility, it is an artificial harbour (depth 9 metres, protected by a concrete mole.
A new pier finished in the late 1980s doubled the capacity of the port. The reinforced mole protects anchored vessels from strong northern winds. Within the port operates a customs office facility and a Hellenic Coast Guard post. Sea traffic is limited to trade in the export of local produce citrus fruits, marble and some domestic imports; the port operates as a contingency facility for general cargo ships, bulk carriers and ROROs, in case of strikes at Piraeus port. There was a ferry link to Catania and Genoa in Italy; the Corinth Canal, carrying ship traffic between the western Mediterranean Sea and the Aegean Sea, is about 4 kilometres east of the city, cutting through the Isthmus of Corinth that connects the Peloponnesian peninsula to the Greek mainland, thus making the former an island. The builders dug the canal through the Isthmus at sea level, it is 6.4 kilometres in length and only 21.3 metres (70
Corinth was a city-state on the Isthmus of Corinth, the narrow stretch of land that joins the Peloponnese to the mainland of Greece halfway between Athens and Sparta. The modern city of Corinth is located 5 kilometres northeast of the ancient ruins. Since 1896, systematic archaeological investigations of the Corinth Excavations by the American School of Classical Studies at Athens have revealed large parts of the ancient city, recent excavations conducted by the Greek Ministry of Culture have brought to light important new facets of antiquity. For Christians, Corinth is well-known from the two letters of Saint Paul in the New Testament and Second Corinthians. Corinth is mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles as part of the Paul the Apostle's missionary travels. In addition, the second book of Pausanias' Description of Greece is devoted to Corinth. Ancient Corinth was one of the largest and most important cities of Greece, with a population of 90,000 in 400 BC; the Romans demolished Corinth in 146 BC, built a new city in its place in 44 BC, made it the provincial capital of Greece.
Neolithic pottery suggests that the site of Corinth was occupied from at least as early as 6500 BC, continually occupied into the Early Bronze Age, when, it has been suggested, the settlement acted as a centre of trade. However, there is a dramatic drop in ceramic remains during the Early Helladic II phase and only sparse ceramic remains in the EHIII and MH phases. There was a settlement on the coast near Lechaion. According to Corinthian myth as reported by Pausanias, the city was founded by Corinthos, a descendant of the god Zeus. However, other myths suggest that it was founded by the goddess Ephyra, a daughter of the Titan Oceanus, thus the ancient name of the city. There is evidence that the city was destroyed around 2000 BC; some ancient names for the place are derived from a pre-Greek "Pelasgian" language, such as Korinthos. It seems that Corinth was the site of a Bronze Age Mycenaean palace-city, like Mycenae, Tiryns, or Pylos. According to myth, Sisyphus was the founder of a race of ancient kings at Corinth.
It was in Corinth that Jason, the leader of the Argonauts, abandoned Medea. During the Trojan War, as portrayed in the Iliad, the Corinthians participated under the leadership of Agamemnon. In a Corinthian myth recounted to Pausanias in the 2nd century AD, one of the Hecatonchires, was the arbitrator in a dispute between Poseidon and Helios, between the sea and the sun, his verdict was that the Isthmus of Corinth belonged to Poseidon and the acropolis of Corinth belonged to Helios. Thus, Greeks of the Classical age accounted for the archaic cult of the sun-titan in the highest part of the site; the Upper Peirene spring is located within the walls of the acropolis. "The spring, behind the temple, they say was the gift of Asopus to Sisyphus. The latter knew, so runs the legend, that Zeus had ravished Aegina, the daughter of Asopus, but refused to give information to the seeker before he had a spring given him on the Acrocorinthus.". Corinth had been a backwater in 8th-century Greece; the Bacchiadae were a tightly-knit Doric clan and the ruling kinship group of archaic Corinth in the 8th and 7th centuries BC, a period of expanding Corinthian cultural power.
In 747 BC, an aristocratic revolution ousted the Bacchiad kings, when the royal clan of Bacchiadae, numbering a couple of hundred adult males, took power from the last king Telestes. They dispensed with kingship and ruled as a group, governing the city by annually electing a prytanis a council, a polemarchos to head the army. During Bacchiad rule from 747 to 650 BC, Corinth became a unified state. Large scale public buildings and monuments were constructed at this time. In 733 BC, Corinth established colonies at Syracuse. By 730 BC, Corinth emerged as a advanced Greek city with at least 5,000 people. Aristotle tells the story of Philolaus of Corinth, a Bacchiad, a lawgiver at Thebes, he became the lover of the winner of the Olympic games. They both lived for the rest of their lives in Thebes, their tombs were built near one another and Philolaus' tomb points toward the Corinthian country, while Diocles' faces away. In 657 BC, polemarch Cypselus obtained an oracle from Delphi which he interpreted to mean that he should rule the city.
He exiled the Bacchiadae. Cypselus or Kypselos was the first tyrant of Corinth in the 7th century BC. From 658 -- 628 BC, he ruled for three decades, he built temples to Apollo and Poseidon in 650 BC. Aristotle reports that "Cypselus of Corinth had made a vow that if he became master of the city, he would offer to Zeus the entire property of the Corinthians. Accordingly, he commanded them to make a return of their possessions."The city sent forth colonists to found new settlements in the 7th century BC, under the rule of Cypselus and his son Periander. Those settlements were Epidamnus, Ambracia and Anactorium. Periander founded Apollonia in Illyria an