Bălți is a city in Moldova. It is the second largest city in terms of population and economic importance, after Chișinău; the city is one of the five Moldovan municipalities. Sometimes called "the northern capital", it is a major industrial and commercial centre and transportation hub in the north of the country, it is situated 127 kilometres north of the capital Chișinău, is located on the river Răut, a tributary of the Dniester, on a hilly landscape in the Bălți steppe. The word "bălți" in direct translation means "puddle", it is believed that the city had been named thus because it was founded on a hill dominating the wetland formed where the creek Răuțel falls into the river Răut. In addition to the official name Bălți and the Russian name Бельцы, between 1940-1989 in Moldovan Cyrillic alphabet, after 1989 in Russian, the name was/is rendered in Cyrillic as Бэлць; the current coat of arms and flag of Bălți, elaborated by Silviu Tabac from the Moldovan State Commission for Heraldry, have been adopted by the Municipal Council in April 2006.
A shield, with alternating six silvery strips, six blue strips form the background. The central element of the shield is an archer in red clothes, in the military outfit of Stephen III of Moldavia times; the archer represents the medieval military recruitment, formed by local free peasants. On top of the shield there is a silver crown in the shape of fortress wall, with seven towers; the shield is supported by two rearing silver horses. Under the shield there is a ribbon with the Latin inscription CEDANT ARMA TOGAE, meaning let arms yield to the toga. In the Middle Ages, the archer was featured on the coats of arms of the region. In the 19th century, the city and district coats of arms featured a horse head. In the early 20th century, a shield representing an archer, standing on a hill, the sun, three bullrush sticks formed the coat of arms of the Bălți county, while these and horse elements - the coat of arms of the city proper; the city's flag is composed of two horizontal strips: a blue one on the bottom, a silver one on top.
The shield and archer elements from the coat of arms are present in the centre of the flag. Bălți is situated in two small valleys; the land in the north of Moldova is fertile consisting of black earth or chernozem. Several extraction sites for raw materials used in the construction industry are found in the vicinity of Bălți; the creeks Răuțel, Copăceanca, Flămândă cross the territory of the municipality, flow into the river Răut. Several lakes are situated in Bălți: City Lake, Komsolskoe Lake and Fishermen Lake, Strâmba Lake; the municipality covers an area of 78.0 square kilometres, of which the city proper 41.42 square kilometres, the village Elizaveta 9.81 square kilometres, the village Sadovoe 26.77 square kilometres. Of these, an important portion is agriculturally cultivated; the city itself is located on portions of three hills. The river Răut separates one of the hills to the north-east, the slopes of this hill are occupied by the neighbourhood Slobozia. Răut's affluent Răuțel separates another hill in the south, the slopes of which are the Podul Chișinăului district.
The largest of the three hills dominates the valleys of the creek and river, contains the city centre and the old town, the neighbourhoods Pământeni, Dacia, 6th district, 8th district, the city's main industrial area, Moldova neighbourhood. The top of this hill is occupied by the medical facilities district. Bălții Noo neighbourhood is situated in the valley of the Răuțel creek. A Soroca neighbourhood, 10th district, 9th district, the area of the former Bălți concentration camp, the Bălți City Airport are situated in the valley of the Răut river; the names of city neighborhoods reflect different historic influences, such as names of 19th century suburbs that are nowadays within city limits: Pământeni, Molodova, Podul Chișinăului, Bălții Noi. A neighbourhood in the northern part of the city is called Dacia, is colloquially sometimes referred to as BAM. A district in the eastern part is known as 10th district. Bălți has a warm-summer humid continental climate; the all-time maximum temperature registered in the city was 38 °C, the all-time minimum −32 °C.
There are 450 to 450 to 550 mm of annual rainfall during summer and fall. Winds are from the north-east or the north-west at about 2–5 m/s; the city is situated in the 7th zone of seismic activity, with a well-felt earthquake occurring every 35 years on average. Cultural venues in the city include: Vasile Alecsandri National Theatre The oldest surviving building, a two-
Anenii Noi is a city in east-central Moldova, the seat of Anenii Noi District. It is located 36 km SE of the capital Chişinău. According to the 2004 census, the city administers an area inhabited by 11,463 people; this area consists of the city itself, population 8,358, five suburb villages: Albiniţa, population 370, population 647, Hîrbovăţul Nou, population 484, population 1,090, Socoleni, population 514. Of the 10,872 recorded in the 2014 census, 6,756 are Moldovans, 1,894 Ukrainians, 1,427 Russians, 294 Romanians, 81 Gagauzians, 200 Bulgarians, 33 Gypsies. At the 1930 census, there were two localities: Anenii Noi, population 661, Anenii Vechi, population 990 in Plasa Bulboaca of Tighina County. There are a few factories in Anenii Noi. Transportation is available to Anenii Noi every half-hour from Chişinău. Anenii Noi is twinned with: Korosten, Ukraine Babruysk, Belarus Anenii Noi Official web-site Anenii Noi Consiliul web-site Anenii Noi Unofficial web-site
Cahul is a city and municipality in southern Moldova. The city is the administrative center of Cahul District; as of 2014 census, the city has had a population of 30,018. The city of Cahul is believed to have been inhabited for many centuries, although it has had a number of different names over the years – the name Scheia was recorded in 1502, the name Frumoasa was recorded in 1716; the modern name was given to the settlement after the Battle of Kagul, fought nearby. The city's location had made it a frequent battleground for a number of armies, with possession of switching between countries such as Principality of Moldavia, Russian Empire, Ottoman Empire; the city was a part of the Moldavia before 1812 Russia from 1812 to 1856 again Moldavia/Romanian Principalities Russia again Romania again the Soviet Union again Romania, the Soviet Union again and Moldova. Apart from the battles that have been fought over it, Cahul is known for its thermal spas and for its folk music. Cahul has a humid continental-type climate with four distinct seasons.
Average monthly precipitation ranges from about 28 mm in October to 76 mm in June. As of 1920, the population was estimated to be 12,000. Groups settled in the area included Romanians, Germans and Greeks. According to the 2014 Moldovan Census there were 35,488 people living within the city of Cahul and 1,317 people within Cotihana. Of the 30,018 living in the city according to the 2014 census, 56.1% are Moldovans, 10.7% Russians, 6.8% Ukrainians, 4.9% Bulgarians, 4.4% Romanians and 2.1% ethnic Gagauz. Cahul is home to the Cahul Musical-Drama Theatre, Cahul History Museum, other public institutions and monuments; every two years, at the beginning of July, in Cahul takes place an important folk music festival, "Nufărul Alb". Ziuadeazi.md dincahul.md Cahul is a destination as spa and health resort. The city and surrounding areas are richest with mineral springs enriched with iodine; the "Nufărul Alb" Balneotherapy and Well-being Centre consists of hospital and entertaining spots. Cahul has a tourist information point located at the Piata Horelor.
Cahul is home to the State University of Cahul, opened in 1999 and named after Romanian writer and philologist Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu. The university is made up of 3 faculties with around 2,150 students. Cahul is connected by national roads with Giurgiulești, Oancea and Reni. Cahul is a border checkpoint to Romania; the railway station is operated by Moldovan Railways. It provides direct rail connections to Chișinău; the city is served by the Cahul International Airport located 8 km south-east of the city centre. The airport has no scheduled flights. Cahul is twinned with: Medgidia, Romania Vaslui, Romania In Cahul is located one of the two Consulates General of Romania in Moldova. On 2 November 2009 the President of Romania Traian Băsescu has signed the decrees on opening of Romanian general consulat in Cahul. "The opening of the Romanian consulates in Bălţi and Cahul will be beneficial for the Moldovan people, who have encountered economic and time-related problems as they have to travel to the consulate in Chişinău," Moldova's Foreign Minister Iurie Leancă said, commenting on the Băsescu's decree.
Romania asked the approval for the opening of the consulate as early as in 2006, in order to easy thus the process of granting visas to the Moldovan citizens more after Romania's accession with the European Union on 1 January 2007. The communist authorities in Chişinău gave their approval for the opening of the two consular offices, but they came with the condition Romania to accept two consular offices of the Republic of Moldova on its territory too, in Iaşi and Constanţa. Moreover, the former communist rule in Chişinău conditioned the signing of the small border traffic agreement on the signing of the Basic Political Treaty between the two countries and of the agreement referring to the delimitation of the border. On 28 January 2010, Traian Băsescu visited the future headquarters of the Romanian consulate in Cahul. Speaking about the opening of the two Romanian consulates in Bălţi and Cahul, Băsescu said that the consulate in Cahul could be opened in 2–3 weeks; the consulate has 17 employees: Consul General, two consuls, two main consular officers, six major referers, two drivers, two skilled workers and two guards.
The Consul General is Ms. Anca Corfu. Cahul City Hall website Official Webpage of Cahul's Festivals Oraşele şi satele Moldovei: Cahul
Căușeni is a town and the administrative center of Căușeni District, Moldova. Its population at the 2014 census was 15,939, of which 12,056 Moldovans, 1,119 Romanians, 747 Russians, 545 Ukrainians, 204 Bulgarians, 69 Gagauzians, 12 Gypsies, 1,187 other/undeclared; the 17th century Assumption of Our Lady Church is the oldest surviving building in the town. It is set more than 3 feet below ground level and preserves the only medieval fresco in the Republic of Moldova. Executed by Walachian painters in a late Byzantine-Romanian style, the interiors feature religious scenes and iconography in vibrant reds and blues. At one time it was a vibrant Jewish shtetl. In 1897, 45 percent of the population was Jewish. Anatol Petrencu, Moldovan politician Bianna Golodryga, American journalist born in Căușeni World Monuments Fund page on Assumption of Our Lady Church
Moldova the Republic of Moldova, is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, bordered by Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north and south. The capital city is Chișinău. Most of the Moldovan territory was a part of the Principality of Moldavia from the 14th century until 1812, when it was ceded to the Russian Empire by the Ottoman Empire and became known as Bessarabia. In 1856, southern Bessarabia was returned to Moldavia, which three years united with Wallachia to form Romania, but Russian rule was restored over the whole of the region in 1878. During the 1917 Russian Revolution, Bessarabia became autonomous and the independent Moldavian Democratic Republic until it was integrated into Romania in 1918 following a vote of its assembly; the decision was disputed by Soviet Russia, which in 1924 allowed the establishment, within the Ukrainian SSR, of a Moldavian autonomous republic on partial Moldovan-inhabited territories to the east of the Dniester. In 1940, as a consequence of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, Romania was compelled to cede Bessarabia to the Soviet Union, leading to the creation of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, which included the greater part of Bessarabia and the westernmost strip of the former MASSR.
On 27 August 1991, as the dissolution of the Soviet Union was under way, the Moldavian SSR declared independence and took the name Moldova. The Constitution of Moldova was adopted in 1994; the strip of the Moldovan territory on the east bank of the Dniester river has been under the de facto control of the breakaway government of Transnistria since 1990. Due to a decrease in industrial and agricultural output following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the service sector has grown to dominate Moldova's economy and is over 60% of the nation's GDP, its economy is the poorest in Europe in per capita terms and has the lowest Human Development Index in the continent. Moldova is the least visited country in Europe by tourists with only 11,000 annually recorded visitors from abroad. Moldova is a parliamentary republic with a president as head of state and a prime minister as head of government, it is a member state of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development, the Commonwealth of Independent States and the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation and aspires to join the European Union.
The name "Moldova" is derived from the Moldova River. The origin of the name of the river remains unclear. According to a legend recounted by Moldavian chroniclers Dimitrie Cantemir and Grigore Ureche, Prince Dragoș named the river after hunting an aurochs: following the chase, the prince's exhausted hound Molda drowned in the river; the dog's name, given to the river, extended to the Principality. For a short time in the 1990s, at the founding of the Commonwealth of Independent States, the name of the current Republic of Moldova was spelled "Moldavia". After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the country began to use Moldova; the name Republic of Moldova is designated by the United Nations. The prehistory of Moldova covers the period from the Upper Paleolithic which begins with the presence of Homo sapiens in the area of Southeastern Europe some 44,000 years ago and extends into the appearance of the first written records in Classical Antiquity in Greece. In 2010 N. K. Anisjutkin discovered Oldowan flint tools at Bayraki.
During the Neolithic stone-age era, Moldova's territory stood at the centre of the large Cucuteni–Trypillia culture that stretched east beyond the Dniester River in Ukraine and west up to and beyond the Carpathian Mountains in Romania. The people of this civilization, which lasted from 5500 to 2750 BC, practised agriculture, raised livestock and made intricately-designed pottery. In antiquity, Moldova's territory was inhabited by Dacian tribes. Between the 1st and 7th centuries AD, the south was intermittently under the Roman, Byzantine Empires. Due to its strategic location on a route between Asia and Europe, the territory of modern Moldova was invaded many times in late antiquity and the early Middle Ages, including by Goths, Avars, Magyars, Cumans and Tatars. Friar William of Rubruck, who visited the court of the Great Khan in the 1250s, listed "the Blac", or Vlachs, among the peoples who paid tribute to the Mongols, but the Vlachs' territory is uncertain. Rubruck described "Blakia" as "Assan's territory" south of the Lower Danube, showing that he identified it with the northern regions of the Second Bulgarian Empire.
The Bolohoveni, a Vlach population, is mentioned by the Hypatian Chronicle in the 13th century. The chronicle shows that this land is bordered on the principalities of Halych and Kiev. Archaeological research identified the location of 13th-century fortified settlements in this region. Alexandru V. Boldur identified Voscodavie, Voloscovti, Volcovti and their other towns and villages between the middle course of the rivers Nistru/Dniester and Nipru/Dnieper; the Bolohoveni disappeared from chronicles after their defeat in 1257 by Daniel of Galicia's troops. In the early 13th century, the Brodniks, a possible Slavic–Vlach vassal state of Halych, were present, alongside the Vlachs, in much of the region's territory. On the border between Halych and the
Strășeni is a city and municipality of about 20,000 inhabitants in central Moldova, the administrative center of Strășeni District. The city administers Făgureni. There are several legends about its name. One tells that the name of the region is derived from strașnic, a Romanian adjective that can mean "scary", "terrible", the story goes that in former times this region was covered by a fearsome forest. Nowadays, Strășeni is famous for its wine; the Strășeni vineyard, 12 kilometres west of Chișinău, is renowned for its sparkling white wines. A little farther north is the Romănești winery, one of the largest locally and the one-time leading producer of wines in the USSR. One of its more famous products is a Bordeaux-type red. Vocea Basarabiei 102.3 Strășeni TV Mast, a 355 metres tall guyed mast for FM-/TV-broadcasting built in 1984–85. Onești, Romania
Nisporeni is a city located in the central part of Moldova. It has 20,000 inhabitants; the city is administrative center of the Nisporeni District. Most of the population are Moldovans; the first historical appearance was in 1618. The Romanian People's Salvation Cross, the largest cross in Moldova, was built in 2011 in Nisporeni. Speranța Nisporeni is based in the city. Albasat TV Vocea Basarabiei, 105,7 Ion Munteanu Gheorghe Ţopa Nisporeni is twinned with: Lugoj, Romania