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Corning (city), New York

Corning is a city in Steuben County, New York, United States, on the Chemung River. The population was 11,183 at the 2010 census, it is named for Erastus Corning, an Albany financier and railroad executive, an investor in the company that developed the community. The city is best known as the headquarters of Fortune 500 company Corning Incorporated Corning Glass Works, a manufacturer of glass and ceramic products for industrial and technical uses; the city of Corning is situated at the western edge of the town of Corning and in the southeast part of Steuben County. It is home to the Corning Museum of Glass, which houses one of the world's most comprehensive collections of glass objects from antiquity to the present; the museum houses one of the world's major glass research centers. The city's other major cultural attraction is the Rockwell Museum, it contains an important collection of Western American painting and sculpture assembled over the past 40 years by Robert F. and Hertha Rockwell. The city has been cited several times by American Style magazine as one of the top twenty-five small city arts destinations in the U.

S. – most in June 2010. Many of the cultural events and historic landmarks in the city are in Corning's Gaffer District. Corning Country Club annually hosted the Corning Classic, a stop on the Ladies Professional Golf Association tour, from 1979 to 2009; the city has commercial air service available at Elmira/Corning Regional Airport in the nearby town of Big Flats. Corning is home to the 2006 New York State Class A Football Champions. In 2003, Charles R. Mitchell and Kirk W. House produced Corning, a historic photo book in Arcadia Publishing's "Images of America" series. Photos were drawn from the archives of the Corning-Painted Post Historical Society. In 2013, Rand McNally's list of best small towns in America named Corning the "Most Fun" town out of all the list's finalists. In 2008, the City of Corning banned public water fluoridation. In 2006, the city council approved public water fluoridation. In 2007, a petition had been launched by local resident Kirk Huttleston which became known as Proposition 1.

Proposition 1 passed the ban by a close vote of 1,287 to 1,222 according to unofficial results. The first settlement in the town of Corning was made near the site of the future city in 1796; the community was set apart from the town as a village in 1848. Corning was incorporated as a city in 1890; as the glass industry developed, Corning became known as the "Crystal City", supported by companies such as Hawkes and Hunt - which produced some of the finest American Brilliant Period cut glass between 1880-1915. The Corning area's first real industry was lumber; the first settlers used the area's river systems to transport logs and finished lumber in fleets downstream to buyers. This gave rise to large mills. Rafting of lumber began to wane. At one time the mills of the Corning area were reputed to be among the biggest in the world. After the lumber was depleted the great mills moved north to new forests. East, across the Chemung River from Corning, lies Gibson, the site of a feeder canal for the Chemung Canal system.

Some of Corning's early prosperity came from the feeder canal system exposure. Canal cargoes from Corning included soft coal, tobacco and whiskey. From April 22 to December 11, 1850, the canal season that year, the newspaper reported that 1,116 boats left the port of Corning. Tolls for the year totaled $54,060.39. Among items shipped were 46,572,400 pounds of coal; the canal's best peacetime year was 1854. The Civil War brought an abnormal amount of business, with a peak of 307,151 tons hauled in one year. After the Civil War, an industrial boom occurred in the region. Ingersoll Rand opened during this period in Painted Post, just north of Corning. Corning became a railroad town in the 1880s, many smaller railroad lines busily weaving webs of tracks connecting the major trunk line to smaller communities. In 1912, the Corning train wreck three miles east of Corning in Gibson left 39 dead; the Jenning's Tavern, Corning Armory, Market Street Historic District, Southside Historic District, World War Memorial Library, United States Post Office are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

The flood of 1972 was a major event for the area. On June 22, 1972, the storm, Hurricane Agnes struck the Southern Tier of New York; the storm combined with a storm system from Ohio to drop six to eight inches of rain in the Chemung River basin. This overwhelmed the flood control systems of the time, the Chemung River broke through the dam system on Friday, June 23 at 4:00 a.m. By 9:00 a.m. the river began to recede. In the Corning area, eighteen people were killed and untold millions of dollars of damage was incurred. An example of these expenses took place in the town of Bath, NY, where a local woman, Lila Marano cooked nearly 100 pizzas out of her home kitchen to accommodate students at the Haverling High School graduation reception at the local Maarit Assembly Hall; the river receded within hours, leaving mud which can still be found in basements of homes and businesses in Corning, there is a section of the Corning Museum of Glass that indicates on the wall how high the flood waters rose.

Just upstream from Corning, the Cohocton River and the Tioga River merge to form the Chemung River which flows through downtown. The river was an important source of power in the early history, is part of the attractiveness of the region today; the river is prone to floods, as rain water runs off from the steep hillsides of the area. In 1972 the remnants of Hurricane Agnes dropped fifteen or more inches of rain in t

Year Eleven

Year Eleven is an educational year group in schools in many countries including England, Northern Ireland and New Zealand. It is the twelfth year of core education. For some Year Eleven students it may include final exams. In the US and Canada, it is referred to as tenth grade. In Australia, Year Eleven is the twelfth year of education. Although there are slight variations between the states, most students in Year 11 are aged between sixteen and seventeen. Queensland year eleven students are the youngest in the country, as they enter at age fifteen. In New South Wales, Year 11 is the shortest year. Year Twelve begins its first term. In New Zealand, Year Eleven is the eleventh full year of compulsory education. Students entering Year Eleven are aged fifteen between 14.5 and 16, but there is no minimum age. Year Eleven pupils are educated in Area schools. Year 11 was known as the 5th Form and for most students they are studying for NCEA Level 1 which equates to what was known as School Certificate. In schools in England, Year Eleven is the eleventh year after Reception.

It is the eleventh full year of compulsory education, with students being admitted who are aged 15 years old by August 31 in any given academic year. It is the final year of Key Stage 4 in which the Secondary National Curriculum is taught and GCSE examinations are taken. Year 11 is the final year of Secondary school. In some schools, students may stay on in the same establishment for their sixth form education, where year groups may continue to be numbered 12 and 13. Since September 2013, further education has been compulsory. Most state schools adopted Year Eleven as the title for the final year of compulsory education in September 1990, in place of Fifth Year. In schools in Wales Year 11 is the eleventh year after Reception, it is the eleventh full year of compulsory education, with students being admitted who are aged 15 on 1 September in any given academic year. It is the final year group in Key Stage 4. In Northern Ireland Year Eleven is the fourth year of Secondary education. Students in Year 11 are aged between 14 and 15.

It is the first year of Key Stage 4

Chennai Egmore–Kollam Junction Express

The Chennai Egmore–Kollam Junction Express is a daily train that runs between Chennai Egmore and Kollam Junction railway station in India. It is considered as the reintroduction of 115 years old Quilon Mail, running between Madras and Quilon. Opened on 1 June 1904, the Quilon-Madras rail line was the first line in Travancore, its official gauge conversion started in 1998 and completed in 2018. On 31 March 2018, the entire Kollam–Sengottai line was opened for passenger train service; the first passenger train was the Tambaram-Kollam-Tambaram special train that earned Rs 3.15 lakh by carrying 879 passengers against a capacity of 712. The line provides a shorter route to Thiruvananthapuram via Kollam. Other routes include: Coimbatore and Pollachi to Palakkad, from Madurai via Kanyakumari. On 4 March 2019, railway started daily service between Kollam Junction and Chennai Egmore by extending Tambaram-Kollam tri-weekly special train to Chennai Egmore and increased the frequency as a daily service; the service was speeded-up by 35 minutes and the number of intermediate stops were reduced to 21 from 25.

The daily express train service between Chennai Egmore and Kollam Junction via Punalur, Tenkasi Junction and Madurai Junction was one of the oldest routes in South India. The service was first flagged off by Travancore Maharajah Mulam Thirunal Rama Varma in 1904 as Quilon-Madras Mail; the service was diverted through Virudhunagar and Manamadurai in 1996 due to gauge conversion works in Virudhunagar-Madurai stretch. The service discontinued in 2000 for gauge conversion works, it runs along the British-made historic Quilon-Madras rail route and other chord lines including Kollam–Sengottai, the shortest existing rail route from Chennai to Kollam via Chengalpattu, Trichy, Srivilliputtur and Punalur. Chennai Egmore→Tambaram →Chengalpattu JunctionVillupuram JunctionVriddhachalam Junction →Tiruchchirappalli Junction →Dindigul Junction →Madurai Junction →Virudunagar Junction →Sivakasi →Srivilliputtur →RajapalayamSankarankovilKadayanallur →Tenkasi Junction →SengottaiAryankavuThenmala →Edamann →Punalur →AvaneeswaramKottarakaraKundara →Kollam Junction As the route is electrified, an Arakkonam WAP 4 Or Royapuram based WAP7 hauls the train till Tiruchirappalli Junction handing over to a Diesel-based GOC WDG-3A which powers the train for the remainder of the journey.

The train has 14 bogies comprising two A/C three-tier, Eight sleeper class, Two unreserved general coaches and 2 Luggage Rakes. Train no. 16101 MS QLN Express leaves Chennai Egmore daily at 05:00pm and reaches Kollam Junction the next day at 08:45am. Train no. 16102 QLN MS Express leaves Kollam Junction daily at 11:45am and reaches Chennai Egmore the next day at 03:30am. Anantapuri Express Palaruvi Express Silambu Express Pothigai Express Southern India Railways - Official Website Southern India Railway

Claudia de Rham

Claudia de Rham is a Swiss theoretical physicist working at the interface of gravity and particle physics. She is based at Imperial College London, she was one of the UK finalists in the Physical Sciences and Engineering category of the Blavatnik Award for Young Scientists in 2018 for revitalizing the theory of massive gravity, won the award in 2020. de Rham was born in Lausanne. She completed her undergraduate studies in France, receiving an engineering degree in physics at the École Polytechnique in Paris in 2000, she received a master's degree in Physics from the École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne in 2001. In 2002, de Rham moved to the UK, achieving a PhD in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics at the University of Cambridge on "braneworld cosmology beyond the low-energy limit", she has trained as a pilot and made it through several stages of the European Space Agency’s astronaut selection process. After her PhD, de Rham moved to Montreal to join the Physics Department at McGill University.

She moved to McMaster University and the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics in 2006, where she worked in a joint postdoctoral position in Cosmology. In 2010 she joined Geneva University as an Assistant Professor, she moved to Case Western Reserve University in 2011 and became an Associate Professor there in 2016. She joined Imperial College London in 2016. In 2016 she was awarded a £100,000 Wolfson Merit Award from the Royal Society, "Massive Gravity from Cosmology to Condensed Matter Systems", her research is in the area of theoretical cosmology, she explores gravitational models which could explain the accelerated expansion of the Universe. De Rham is recognised as a researcher at the forefront of the development of theories of massive gravity, where the particle carrier of the gravitational force, the graviton, may be massive. In 2010 de Rham constructed a nonlinear theory of massive graviton, theoretically consistent and ghost free; the massive gravity is now known as "de Rham-Gabadadze-Tolley theory", owing to the discovery by de Rham, Gregory Gabadadze, Andrew J. Tolley.

Her research helps tackle the problem of the cosmological constant, could describe the accelerated expansion of the universe as a purely gravitational effect, where massive gravitons are responsible for the so-called dark energy. In 2015 she gave a TEDx talk on the Nature of the Graviton, she has discussed the under representation of girls in physics with the Ideas Roadshow. She gives regular public lectures about theoretical cosmology. 2020: Blavatnik Awards for Young Scientists: winner, UK Physical Sciences and Engineering 2018: St John's College, Cambridge Adams Prize 2018: Blavatnik Award for Young Scientists: finalist, UK Physical Sciences and Engineering 2017: EPFL Alumni Award 2017-2021: PI on Simons Foundation Award, ‘Origins of the Universe’ program with Rachel Rosen 2017-2022: PI on ERC consolidator grant, for the project “Massive Gravity and Cosmology," 2016–2021: Royal Society Wolfson Merit Award 2012–2013: PI on ACES Advance Opportunity Grant, for the project “Recent Developments in Massive Gravity" 2010–2014: PI on Swiss National Foundation Professorship Grant, for the project “Challenging the cosmological paradigm"

HMS Maidstone (1758)

HMS Maidstone was a 28-gun Coventry-class sixth-rate frigate of the Royal Navy. She was launched in 1758 and taken to pieces in 1794; the vessel was named after a county town in Kent, England, 32 miles south-east of London. In selecting her name the Board of Admiralty continued a tradition dating to 1644 of using geographic features for ship names. With few exceptions the remainder of the class were named after figures from classical antiquity, following a more modern trend initiated in 1748 by John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich in his capacity as First Lord of the Admiralty. In sailing qualities Maidstone was broadly comparable with French frigates of equivalent size, but with a shorter and sturdier hull and greater weight in her broadside guns, she was comparatively broad-beamed with ample space for provisions and the ship's mess, incorporating a large magazine for powder and round shot. Taken together, these characteristics would enable Maidstone to remain at sea for long periods without resupply.

She was built with broad and heavy masts, which balanced the weight of her hull, improved stability in rough weather and made her capable of carrying a greater quantity of sail. The disadvantages of this comparatively heavy design were a decline in manoeuvrability and slower speed when sailing in light winds, her designated complement was 200, comprising two commissioned officers – a captain and a lieutenant – overseeing 40 warrant and petty officers, 91 naval ratings, 38 Marines, 29 servants and other ranks. Among these other ranks were four positions reserved for widow's men – fictitious crew members whose pay was intended to be reallocated to the families of sailors who died at sea. Gardiner, Robert; the First Frigates: Nine-Pounder and Twelve-Pounder Frigates, 1748–1815. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0851776019. Rodger, N. A. M.. The Wooden World: An Anatomy of the Georgian Navy. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0870219871. Winfield, Rif. British Warships of the Age of Sail 1714–1792: Design, Construction and Fates.

Barnsley, United Kingdom: Seaforth. ISBN 9781844157006

The Amazing Spider-Man

The Amazing Spider-Man is an American comic book series published by Marvel Comics, featuring the fictional superhero Spider-Man as its main protagonist. Being in the mainstream continuity of the franchise, it began publication in 1963 as a monthly periodical and was published continuously, with a brief interruption in 1995, until its relaunch with a new numbering order in 1999. In 2003 the series reverted to the numbering order of the first volume; the title has been published biweekly, was published three times a month from 2008 to 2010. A video game based on the comic book series was released in 2000 and a film named after the comic book series was released July 3, 2012. After DC Comics' relaunch of Action Comics and Detective Comics with new No. 1 issues in 2011, it had been the highest-numbered American comic still in circulation until it was cancelled. The title ended its 50-year run as a continuously published comic with issue#700 in December 2012, it was replaced by The Superior Spider-Man as part of the Marvel NOW! relaunch of Marvel's comic lines.

The title was relaunched in April 2014. 1, after the "Goblin Nation" story arc published in The Superior Spider-Man and Superior Spider-Man Team-Up. In late 2015, The Amazing Spider-Man was relaunched again with a new volume with issue No. 1 following the 2015 Secret Wars event. The character was created by writer-editor Stan Lee and artist and co-plotter Steve Ditko, the pair produced 38 issues from March 1963 to July 1966. Ditko left after the 38th issue, while Lee remained as writer until issue 100. Since many writers and artists have taken over the monthly comic through the years, chronicling the adventures of Marvel's most identifiable hero; the Amazing Spider-Man has been the character's flagship series for his first fifty years in publication, was the only monthly series to star Spider-Man until Peter Parker, The Spectacular Spider-Man, in 1976, although 1972 saw the debut of Marvel Team-Up, with the vast majority of issues featuring Spider-Man along with a rotating cast of other Marvel characters.

Most of the major characters and villains of the Spider-Man saga have been introduced in Amazing, with few exceptions, it is where most key events in the character's history have occurred. The title was published continuously until No. 441 when Marvel Comics relaunched it as vol. 2 No. 1, but on Spider-Man's 40th anniversary, this new title reverted to using the numbering of the original series, beginning again with issue No. 500 and lasting until the final issue, No. 700. Due to strong sales on the character's first appearance in Amazing Fantasy No. 15, Spider-Man was given his own ongoing series in March 1963. The initial years of the series, under Lee and Ditko, chronicled Spider-Man's nascent career with his civilian life as hard-luck yet perpetually good-humored teenager Peter Parker. Peter balanced his career as Spider-Man with his job as a freelance photographer for The Daily Bugle under the bombastic editor-publisher J. Jonah Jameson to support himself and his frail Aunt May. At the same time, Peter dealt with public hostility towards Spider-Man and the antagonism of his classmates Flash Thompson and Liz Allan at Midtown High School, while embarking on a tentative, ill-fated romance with Jameson's secretary, Betty Brant.

By focusing on Parker's everyday problems and Ditko created a groundbreakingly flawed, self-doubting superhero, the first major teenaged superhero to be a protagonist and not a sidekick. Ditko's quirky art provided a stark contrast to the more cleanly dynamic stylings of Marvel's most prominent artist, Jack Kirby, combined with the humor and pathos of Lee's writing to lay the foundation for what became an enduring mythos. Most of Spider-Man's key villains and supporting characters were introduced during this time. Issue No. 1 featured the first appearances of J. Jonah Jameson and his astronaut son John Jameson, the supervillain the Chameleon, it included the hero's first encounter with the superhero team the Fantastic Four. Issue No. 2 featured the first appearance of the Vulture and the Tinkerer as well as the beginning of Parker's freelance photography career at the newspaper The Daily Bugle. The Lee-Ditko era continued to usher in a significant number of villains and supporting characters, including Doctor Octopus in No. 3.

The Molten Man was introduced in No. 28 which featured Parker's graduation from high school. Peter began attending Empire State University in No. 31, the issue which featured the first appearances of friends and classmates Gwen Stacy and Harry Osborn. Harry's father, Norman Osborn first appeared in No. 23 as a member of Jameson's country club but is not named nor revealed as Harry's father until No. 37. One of the most celebrated issues of the Lee-Ditko run is No. 33, the third part of the story arc "If This Be My Destiny...!", which features the dramatic scene of Spider-Man, through force of will and thoughts of family, escaping from being pinned by heavy machinery. Comics historian Les Daniels noted that "Steve Ditko squeezes every ounce of anguish out of Spider-Man's predicament, complete with visions of the uncle he failed and the aunt he has sworn to save." Peter David observed that "After his origin, this two-page sequence from Amazing Spider-Man No. 33 is the best-loved sequence from the Stan Lee/Steve Di