Thad Michael Matta is an American college basketball coach. From 2004 to 2017, Matta led the Ohio State Buckeyes to five Big Ten Conference regular season championships, four Big Ten Tournament titles, two Final Four appearances, the 2008 NIT Championship, he is the winningest coach in Ohio State history. A basketball standout for the Cornjerkers at Hoopeston-East Lynn High School in Hoopeston, Matta was a two-year starter for the Butler University Bulldogs in three seasons after transferring from Southern Illinois University as a sophomore, he led Butler in assists and three-point field goal percentage in 1987–88 and in free-throw percentage in 1988–89. He served as a team captain on Barry Collier's first team in 1989–90 and finished his career in sixth place on Butler's all-time list for free-throw percentage, he earned a B. S. degree from Butler in 1990. Matta enjoyed his Butler career-high point total of 21 points against Xavier University at the Cincinnati Gardens on March 2, 1989. In total, Matta spent six seasons as a full-time assistant coach at three different universities, helping his squads compile a composite 128–58 record and make six postseason tournament appearances.
He was on the bench in five consecutive conference tournament championship games and won four league tournament championship rings. He was in the NCAA tournament five times as an assistant under four different head coaches and in the postseason National Invitation Tournament once. Matta began his coaching career at Indiana State University as a graduate assistant under head coach Tates Locke in 1990–91. Matta served as an academic coordinator and administrative assistant at Butler before moving into the full-time coaching ranks. Matta took his first full-time assistant coaching position under Herb Sendek at Miami University in 1994–95 and helped Miami to a 23–7 record, a Mid-American Conference regular-season championship and a first-round win in the NCAA tournament; the following year, Matta accepted a coaching position at Western Carolina University under Phil Hopkins and helped the Catamounts to a 17–13 record, the school's first winning record in 10 years. Western Carolina captured the Southern Conference tournament championship and advanced to the NCAA tournament.
Matta returned to Miami under new head coach Charlie Coles in 1996–97 and helped the RedHawks to a 21–9 record, the MAC regular season and tournament championships and a berth in the NCAA tournament. Matta rejoined Butler University's staff in 1997 and helped the Bulldogs to three consecutive 20-win seasons, he established himself as one of the nation's best young coaching prospects during a six-year assistant coaching stint. In his three seasons as Barry Collier's top assistant, Butler compiled a 67–29 record, won two Midwestern Collegiate Conference tournament championships and one MCC regular-season title, made two NCAA tournament appearances and earned one NIT berth, he served as Butler's primary recruiter. Matta took over as head coach of Butler when Barry Collier left after the 1999–2000 season to coach at the University of Nebraska. Matta was named 2000–01 Midwestern Collegiate Conference Coach of the Year in his first and only season as head coach at Butler, after leading the Bulldogs to a school record 24 wins.
He was named National "Rookie Coach of the Year" by CBS SportsLine.com and College Insider.com. Butler was 24–8 under Matta's direction that year with an 11–3 record and an MCC regular season championship, a MCC tournament championship and an appearance in the second round of the NCAA tournament. Butler won 13 of its last 15 games. Eventual NCAA runner-up Arizona ended the Butler run in the second round of the NCAA tournament. At Xavier, Matta led the Musketeers to three consecutive 26-win seasons, back-to-back Atlantic 10 Conference regular-season championships in 2002 and 2003 and two league tournament titles in 2002 and 2004. Xavier advanced to three NCAA tournaments, including an Elite Eight appearance in 2004 following two second-round trips. Matta's 26 wins for the 2002–03 season marked the highest win total for a second-year Xavier head coach, he broke the school record for most victories by a Xavier rookie head coach. Xavier's 26–6 record in the 2001–02 campaign set the record. Matta was named 2002 Atlantic 10 Conference Coach of the Year, while leading the Musketeers to the top regular season finish in the league at 14–2 and an Atlantic 10 Conference Tournament championship.
In addition, Matta became the only first-year coach in conference history to win both the A–10 regular season and tourney championships. Matta, a finalist for the 2002–03 Naismith National Coach of the Year Award, was hired as the 13th head coach in Ohio State history on July 7, 2004 after the school had fired previous coach Jim O'Brien. No time was wasted preparing for his first season in Columbus, which culminated in a 65–64 victory over undefeated and top–ranked University of Illinois in the regular-season finale at Value City Arena before a packed house and a national television audience; the Buckeyes' final record for the 2004–05 campaign was 20–12, but were ineligible from postseason play. In the 2005–06 season Matta led the Buckeyes to an outright Big Ten Championship for the first time since 1992, finishing one game ahead of Iowa and Illinois; the Buckeyes' season came to an end during the second round of the NCAA tournament when they lost to Georgetown on March 19, 2006. Their final overall record was 26–6.
The Buckeyes were thought to be a year away from competing for the league crown, as they were to add a regarded recruiting class, dubbed the "Thad Five", led by center Greg Oden of Lawrence North High School in Indianapolis for the 2006–
Harvesting is the process of gathering a ripe crop from the fields. Reaping is the cutting of grain or pulse for harvest using a scythe, sickle, or reaper. On smaller farms with minimal mechanization, harvesting is the most labor-intensive activity of the growing season. On large mechanized farms, harvesting utilizes the most expensive and sophisticated farm machinery, such as the combine harvester. Process automation has increased the efficiency of both the harvesting process. Specialized harvesting equipment utilizing conveyor belts to mimic gentle gripping and mass transport replaces the manual task of removing each seedling by hand; the term "harvesting" in general usage may include immediate postharvest handling, including cleaning, sorting and cooling. The completion of harvesting marks the end of the growing season, or the growing cycle for a particular crop, the social importance of this event makes it the focus of seasonal celebrations such as harvest festivals, found in many religions.
"Harvest", a noun, came from the Old English word hærf-est meaning "autumn", "harvest-time", or "August". "The harvest" came to mean the activity of reaping and storing grain and other grown products during the autumn, the grain and other grown products themselves. "Harvest" was verbified: "To harvest" means to reap and store the harvest. People who harvest and equipment that harvests are harvesters. Crop failure is an absent or diminished crop yield relative to expectation, caused by the plants being damaged, killed, or destroyed, or affected in some way that they fail to form edible fruit, seeds, or leaves in their expected abundance. Crop failures can be caused by catastrophic events such as plant disease outbreaks, heavy rainfall, volcanic eruptions, floods, or drought, or by slow, cumulative effects of soil degradation, too-high soil salinity, desertification as results of drainage, overfertilization, or overexploitation. In history, crop failures and subsequent famines have triggered rural exodus, etc..
The proliferation of industrial monocultures, with their reduction in crop diversity and dependence on heavy use of artificial fertilizers and pesticides, has led to overexploited soils that are nearly incapable of regeneration. Over years, unsustainable farming of land diminishes crop yield. With a growing world population and local overpopulation slightly diminishing yields are the equivalent to a partial harvest failure. Fertilizers obviate the need for soil regeneration in the first place, international trade prevents local crop failures from developing into famines. Harvesting refers to grain and produce, but has other uses: fishing and logging are referred to as harvesting; the term harvest is used in reference to harvesting grapes for wine. Within the context of irrigation, water harvesting refers to the collection and run-off of rainwater for agricultural or domestic uses. Instead of harvest, the term exploit is used, as in exploiting fisheries or water resources. Energy harvesting is the process of capturing and storing energy that would otherwise go unexploited.
Body harvesting, or cadaver harvesting, is the process of collecting and preparing cadavers for anatomical study. In a similar sense, organ harvesting is the removal of tissues or organs from a donor for purposes of transplanting. Harvesting or Domestic Harvesting in Canada refers to hunting and plant gathering by First Nations, Métis, Inuit in discussions of aboriginal or treaty rights. For example, in the Gwich'in Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement, "Harvesting means gathering, trapping or fishing..." In the Tlicho Land Claim and Self Government Agreement, "'Harvesting' means, in relation to wildlife, trapping or fishing and, in relation to plants or trees, gathering or cutting."In a non-agricultural sense, the word "harvesting" is an economic principle, known as an exit event or liquidity event. For example, if a person or business was to cash out of an ownership position in a company or eliminate their investment in a product, it is known as a harvest strategy. Combine harvester Harvest Harvest festival Overharvesting Threshing Winnowing
Sweet corn is a cereal with a high sugar content. Sweet corn is the result of a occurring recessive mutation in the genes which control conversion of sugar to starch inside the ENO of the corn kernel. Unlike field corn varieties, which are harvested when the kernels are dry and mature, sweet corn is picked when immature and prepared and eaten as a vegetable, rather than a grain. Since the process of maturation involves converting sugar to starch, sweet corn stores poorly and must be eaten fresh, canned, or frozen, before the kernels become tough and starchy, it is one of the six major types of corn, the others being dent corn, flint corn, pod corn and flour corn. Sweet corn occurs as a spontaneous mutation in field corn and was grown by several Native American tribes; the Iroquois gave the first recorded sweet corn to European settlers in 1779. It soon became a popular food in the central regions of the United States. Open pollinated cultivars of white sweet corn started to become available in the United States in the 19th century.
Two of the most enduring cultivars, still available today, are'Country Gentleman' and'Stowell's Evergreen'. Sweet corn production in the 20th century was influenced by the following key developments: hybridization allowed for more uniform maturity, improved quality and disease resistance In 1933'Golden Cross Bantam' was released, it is significant for being the first successful single-cross hybrid and the first developed for disease resistance. Identification of the separate gene mutations responsible for sweetness in corn and the ability to breed cultivars based on these characteristics: su se sh2 There are hundreds of cultivars, with more being developed; the fruit of the sweet corn plant is the corn kernel, a type of fruit called a caryopsis. The ear is a collection of kernels on the cob; because corn is a monocot, there is always an number of rows of kernels. The ear is covered by wrapped leaves called the husk. Silk is the name for the pistillate flowers; the husk and silk are removed by hand, before boiling but not before roasting, in a process called husking or shucking.
In most of Latin America, sweet corn is traditionally eaten with beans. In Brazil, sweet corn cut off from the cobs is eaten with peas. In Malaysia, there's a variety unique to the region of Cameron highlands named "pearl corn"; the kernels are glossy white resembling pearls and can be eaten raw of the cob but boiled in water and salt. Sweet corn in Indonesia is traditionally ground or soaked with milk, which makes available the B vitamin niacin in the corn, the absence of which would otherwise lead to pellagra; the kernels are steamed. In Europe, Korea and India, they are used as a pizza topping, or in salads. Corn on the cob is a sweet corn cob, boiled, steamed, or grilled whole. Creamed corn is sweet corn served in a cream sauce. Sweet corn can be eaten as baby corn. In the United States, sweet corn is eaten as a steamed vegetable, or on the cob served with butter and salt, it can be found in Tex-Mex cooking in chili and salads. When corn is mixed with lima beans it is called succotash. Sweet corn is one of the most popular vegetables in the United States.
Fresh and frozen sweet corn rank among the top ten vegetables in value and per capita consumption. Frozen cut corn is exceeded only by frozen potato products while frozen corn on the cob is 4th following peas. If left to dry on the plant, kernels may be taken off the cob and cooked in oil where, unlike popcorn, they expand to about double the original kernel size and are called corn nuts. A soup may be made from the plant, called sweet corn soup. Cooking sweet corn increases levels of ferulic acid, which has anti-cancer properties. Open pollinated corn has been replaced in the commercial market by sweeter, earlier hybrids, which have the advantage of maintaining their sweet flavor longer. Su cultivars are best. Despite their short storage life, many open-pollinated cultivars such as'Golden Bantam' remain popular for home gardeners and specialty markets or are marketed as heirloom seeds. Although less sweet, they are described as more tender and flavorful than hybrids. Early cultivars, including those used by Native Americans, were the result of the mutant su allele.
They contain about 5–10% sugar by weight. Supersweet corn are cultivars of sweet corn which produce higher than normal levels of sugar developed by University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign professor John Laughnan, he was investigating two specific genes in sweet corn, one of which, the sh2 gene, caused the corn to shrivel when dry. After further investigation, Laughnan discovere
Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball through the defender's hoop while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point free throws; the team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play is mandated. Players advance the ball by bouncing it while walking or running or by passing it to a teammate, both of which require considerable skill. On offense, players may use a variety of shots -- a dunk, it is a violation to lift or drag one's pivot foot without dribbling the ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands resume dribbling.
The five players on each side at a time fall into five playing positions: the tallest player is the center, the tallest and strongest is the power forward, a shorter but more agile big man is the small forward, the shortest players or the best ball handlers are the shooting guard and the point guard, who implements the coach's game plan by managing the execution of offensive and defensive plays. Informally, players may play three-on-three, two-on-two, one-on-one. Invented in 1891 by Canadian-American gym teacher James Naismith in Springfield, United States, basketball has evolved to become one of the world's most popular and viewed sports; the National Basketball Association is the most significant professional basketball league in the world in terms of popularity, salaries and level of competition. Outside North America, the top clubs from national leagues qualify to continental championships such as the Euroleague and FIBA Americas League; the FIBA Basketball World Cup and Men's Olympic Basketball Tournament are the major international events of the sport and attract top national teams from around the world.
Each continent hosts regional competitions for national teams, like FIBA AmeriCup. The FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup and Women's Olympic Basketball Tournament feature top national teams from continental championships; the main North American league is the WNBA, whereas strongest European clubs participate in the EuroLeague Women. In early December 1891, Canadian James Naismith, a physical education professor and instructor at the International Young Men's Christian Association Training School in Springfield, was trying to keep his gym class active on a rainy day, he sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied and at proper levels of fitness during the long New England winters. After rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot elevated track. In contrast with modern basketball nets, this peach basket retained its bottom, balls had to be retrieved manually after each "basket" or point scored.
Basketball was played with a soccer ball. These round balls from "association football" were made, at the time, with a set of laces to close off the hole needed for inserting the inflatable bladder after the other sewn-together segments of the ball's cover had been flipped outside-in; these laces could dribbling to be unpredictable. A lace-free ball construction method was invented, this change to the game was endorsed by Naismith; the first balls made for basketball were brown, it was only in the late 1950s that Tony Hinkle, searching for a ball that would be more visible to players and spectators alike, introduced the orange ball, now in common use. Dribbling was not part of the original game except for the "bounce pass" to teammates. Passing the ball was the primary means of ball movement. Dribbling was introduced but limited by the asymmetric shape of early balls. Dribbling was common by 1896, with a rule against the double dribble by 1898; the peach baskets were used until 1906 when they were replaced by metal hoops with backboards.
A further change was soon made, so the ball passed through. Whenever a person got the ball in the basket, his team would gain a point. Whichever team got; the baskets were nailed to the mezzanine balcony of the playing court, but this proved impractical when spectators in the balcony began to interfere with shots. The backboard was introduced to prevent this interference. Naismith's handwritten diaries, discovered by his granddaughter in early 2006, indicate that he was nervous about the new game he had invented, which incorporated rules from a children's game called duck on a rock, as many had failed before it. Frank Mahan, one of the players from the original
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Hoopeston is a city in Grant Township, Vermilion County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 5,351. Hoopeston was laid out in 1871, it was named for Thomas Hoopes, one of the men who offered land for the crossing of two railroads: the Lafayette and Western Railroad and the Chicago and Vincennes Railroad. The two railroads separated the town into four sections; the latter railroad still exists and is now operated jointly by CSX Transportation and Union Pacific Railroad. In 1890, Greer College was established in Hoopeston, funded by a gift of $40,000 and 500 acres of land from John Greer. Business and manufacturing in Hoopeston have been related to agriculture. In 1875, S. S. McCall established the Illinois Canning Company to can locally-grown vegetables. In addition, Silgan Can had a factory which manufactured the tin cans themselves, an FMC plant manufactured agricultural machinery. In honor of its agricultural roots, including the growing of sweet corn, Hoopeston holds a Sweet Corn Festival each September, starting the Thursday before Labor Day and ending on Labor Day.
In association with the festival, the Miss National Sweetheart is held during the same week. Runners-up from the Miss America state pageants are eligible to compete for the title of Miss National Sweetheart, it was the location of one of several prisoner of war camps housing German soldiers during World War II. Hoopeston is located at the intersection of Illinois Route 1 and Illinois Route 9, about one mile from the north edge of Vermilion County. According to the 2010 census, Hoopeston has a total area of all land. Hoopeston is part of the Danville, Metropolitan Statistical Area; as of the census of 2010, there were 5,351 people residing in the city. The population density was 1,451.7 people per square mile. There were 2,529 housing units; the racial makeup of the city was 91.79% White, 0.82% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 5.60% from other races, 1.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.38% of the population. There were 2,369 households out of which 30.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.7% were non-families.
31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.04. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, 20.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.6 males. The median income for a household in the city was $31,947, the median income for a family was $39,368. Males had a median income of $31,656 versus $20,474 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,055. About 12.3% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.6% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over. Hoopeston Area High School Hoopeston Area Middle School serves 8th, 7th, 6th-grade students John Greer Grade School serves 5th, 4th and 3th-grade students.
Maple Grade School serves kindergarten through 2nd-grade students. The school district has faced declining enrollment over the past 10 years; the district has struggled financially in recent years. Honeywell School serving 3rd and 4th-grade students, was closed at the end of the 2015-2016 school year due to funding cuts and declining enrollment; the school teams are named the "Cornjerkers", a term describing farm workers who picked corn prior to the use of mechanized corn picker implements. Hoopeston Area High School is the alma mater of former Ohio State University head men's basketball coach Thad Matta. Hoopeston is served by the Hoopeston Carnegie Public Library; the Miss National Sweetheart beauty pageant was created in 1941. Its contestants are runners-up from the Miss America state pageants who have been invited to Hoopeston for the competition; the event, which has no official ties to the Miss America Organization, is sponsored by the Hoopeston Jaycees and is held on Labor Day weekend in conjunction with the town's annual Sweetcorn Festival.
Most contestants were the first runners-up in their state pageants, but second and other runners-up are invited if the first runner-up chooses not to attend. The winner of the title receives a pendant shaped like an ear of corn. Winning this title does not guarantee that a contestant will win a Miss America state title, but since 1980, five Miss National Sweetheart winners have gone on to win both their state and the Miss America title. Since 1970 there have been nine Miss America titleholders who have competed in the National Sweetheart pageant. In 2016, the Miss America organization disassociated itself with the Miss National Sweetheart Organization. Pursuant to their decision, Miss America state pageant contestants are prohibited from competing for Miss National Sweetheart. Mary Hartwell Catherwood, American author, longtime resident Frankie Gustine, infielder for the Pittsburgh Pirates, Chicago Cubs and St. Louis Browns Thad Matta, Ohio State University head men's basketball coach City of Hoopeston hoopeston.org, Hoopeston related web sites and businesses Hoopeston school district
Danville is a city in and the county seat of Vermilion County, United States. As of the 2010 census, its population was 33,027. Danville was founded in 1827 on 60 acres of land donated by Guy W. Smith and 20 acres donated by Dan W. Beckwith; the sale of lots was set for April 10, 1827 and advertised in newspapers in Indianapolis and the state capital of Vandalia. The first post office was established in May of the same year in the house of Amos Williams, organizer of Vermilion and Edgar Counties and a prominent Danville citizen. Williams and Beckwith drew up the first plat map. Beckwith was moved to Indiana as a young man, he died in 1835 of pneumonia contracted on a horseback ride back from Washington. Danville became a major industrial city in the late early twentieth centuries. From the 1850s to the 1940s, Danville was an important coal mining area; the coal formation underlying eastern Illinois and western Indiana is named the "Danville Member," after the area where it was first discovered. With the closure of the mines and many factories, Danville's economic base suffered in the latter half of the 20th century.
The former mines were converted into lakes, creating fishing and recreation opportunities at parks such as Kickapoo State Recreation Area and Kennekuk Cove County Park. Danville is located 120 miles south of Chicago, 35 miles east of Champaign-Urbana, 90 miles west of Indianapolis, Indiana. Illinois Route 1, U. S. Route 136, U. S. Route 150 intersect in Danville. Lake Vermilion is located on the northwest side of town. According to the 2010 census, Danville has a total area of 17.967 square miles, of which 17.89 square miles is land and 0.077 square miles is water. In recent years, average temperatures in Danville have ranged from a low of 17 °F in January to a high of 86 °F in July, although a record low of −26 °F was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 112 °F was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.99 inches inches in February to 4.70 inches inches in June. Danville is the principal city of the Danville Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses all of Danville and Vermilion County.
As of the census of 2000, there were 33,904 people, 13,327 households, 8,156 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,994.0 people per square mile. There were 14,886 housing units at an average density of 875.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 70.19% White, 24.37% African American, 0.21% Native American, 1.20% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.09% from other races, 1.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.57% of the population. There were 13,327 households out of which 28% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.8% were non-families. 33.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.01. In the city, the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.7 males. The median income for a household in the city is $30,431, the median income for a family is $39,308. Males have a median income of $31,027 versus $22,303 for females; the per capita income for the city is $16,476. 18.1% of the population and 13.4% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 26.8% are under the age of 18 and 10.5% are 65 or older. According to the United States Bureau of Economic Analysis, Danville is the cheapest place to live in the United States; the City of Danville maintains 17 parks, including Harrison Park Golf Course and FETCH Dog Park in Espenschied Park. Danville's main shopping center is the Village Mall, opened in 1975. Additional retail has spread north on Route 1/Vermilion Street since the early 90s, ranging from traditional big-box stores and retail infill and redevelopment of abandoned shopping centers.
Retail in the community has increased after a large influx of redevelopment and green development happened in 2013 with the addition of Meijer and the Kohl's Plaza. 1967–1971: Al Gardner 1971–1975: Rolland E. Craig 1975–1985: David S. Palmer, namesake of David S. Palmer Arena 1985: Wilbur Scharlau, appointed acting mayor by city council following Palmer's death 1985–1986: Hardin W. Hawes, appointed acting mayor following Scharlau's resignation 1986–1987: Wilbur Scharlau, appointed mayor following resignation of Hawes 1987–2003: Robert E. Jones, namesake of Danville Municipal building 2003–2018: Scott Eisenhauer, namesake of Danville Public Works Building 2018-present: Rickey Williams Jr. appointed Acting Mayor by the city council, following Eisenhauer’s resignation. Elected to full term on April 2, 2019. Defeated Former Vermilion County Board Chairman James McMahon, Alderman Steve Nichols, Donald Crews; the City of Danville website maintains the complete list