Corozal Junior College
Corozal Junior College is a college in Belize. It was established in 1986. Official site
Corozal Town is a town in Belize, capital of Corozal District. Corozal Town is located about 84 miles north of Belize City, 9 miles from the border with Mexico; the population of Corozal Town, according to the main results of the 2010 census, is 9,871. Corozal was a private estate before becoming a town in the 1840s settled by Maya Mestizo refugees from the Caste War of Yucatán. Much of the town was built over an ancient Maya city, sometimes known as Santa Rita. Corozal Town was badly damaged by Hurricane Janet in 1955, was rebuilt afterwards. Corozal, the northmost town in Belize, was founded in 1848 by refugees from the Maya Indian uprising against the Spanish in neighbouring Yucatán; this uprising, known as the Caste War of Yucatán, began as a war against the Spaniards, but it became a war against the Mestizos. The Mestizos, half Spanish and half Indian, had proved to be formidable allies of the Spaniards, were thus mortal enemies of the Maya Indians. A massacre at Bacalar, Mexico — a Mestizo stronghold about thirty miles north of Corozal Town — led to the exodus of thousands of Mestizos from Bacalar and the surrounding area.
Between 1848 and 1856 more than 10,000 refugees crossed the Rio Hondo, the river that now serves as a boundary between Belize and Mexico. These immigrants sought refuge in northern Belize, increased the population of Corozal Town to 4500. Mr. James Blake, a magistrate, let them settle on lands in the Corozal District and helped them to establish the new crop — sugar cane; the Mestizo refugees were far from safe in Corozal Town as the Maya Indians from the Mexican base in Santa Cruz Bravo — today Carrillo Puerto — made several incursions in Corozal Town. In defense, Corozal became a garrison town and Fort Barlee was built here in 1870. Today, the brick corner supports of the fort surround the post office complex of the buildings across from the central town square; the immigrants brought with them Maya Mestizo culture: Spanish and Yucatec Maya language and Maya folklore, the use of alcalde, their family structure and way of life. Soon, there emerged a local replication of the society of the Yucatán within the boundaries of a country ruled by English expatriates.
Across the bay from Corozal Town are the mounds of Cerros, the first Maya coastal trading centre. Cerros is considered one of the most important late preclassic Maya sites because it represented the first experiment with kingship in the Maya world; the remains include a number of temples, ballcourts and minor structures. The most interesting artifacts so far discovered are the five jade head pendants. Within Corozal itself can be found another Maya ruin from the fourteenth century AD. Known as Santa Rita, the pyramid site sits atop the remains of a Maya city that dominated the area for more, than 2000 years. Burial sites rich in jewelry and artifacts have been unearthed here. Santa Rita was part of ancient Chactumal, the Maya capital of the area at the time of the first Spanish attempt to conquer the Yucatec Mayas in the early 16th century; the ruins of Santa Rita is located near the town's Hospital and is surrounded by the villages of San Andres, San Antonio, Paraiso, by walking distances. An estimated 90% of the town was destroyed by Hurricane Janet in 1955, most of the present structures post-date that hurricane.
The town is served by Corozal Hospital. According to the 2010 Population and Housing Census the town of Corozal has a total population of 9,871; the total number of households is 2,672 and the average household size is 3.7. Travel Belize – Corozal Corozal.com Corozal Town at Belize.com http://www.simplybelize.org/episode01.html Que Pasa Corozal
Consejo is a village in the north of Corozal District, Belize. Consejo is located on a point of land where the bays of Chetumal meet. Consejo is about 8 miles from the district capital of Corozal Town, 2 miles across the water from Chetumal, Mexico, it features a subdivision/neighborhood of waterfront or near waterfront homes named Consejo Shores
Copper Bank is a fishing village in the Corozal District of Belize. It is situated on the west bank of Laguna Seca, a shallow lagoon that empties into Chetumal Bay just north-east of the village; the closest settlement is Chunox, located 1.25 miles away on the east bank of the Laguna Seca. Access to the village is possible by road from Orange Walk, via the villages of San Estevan and Progresso, it is possible to reach the village by road from Corozal, crossing the New River via the Pueblo Nuevo ferry, from the populated community of Sarteneja, via a ferry across the mouth of Laguna Seca. The village has been suggested as the site of a lost Mayan town and several artifacts have been found in the vicinity. Belizenorth.com
Sarteneja is the largest fishing community and the second largest village in Belize. It recorded a population of 3,500 according to a 2016 estimate; the name "Sarteneja" is a Castilian distortion of its original Mayan name "Tza-ten-a-ha", which means "water between the rocks". It is located on the Sarteneja Peninsula forty miles by road from Orange Walk Town and is near the owned Shipstern Conservation & Management Area; the village's economy is based on fishing for lobster and finfish. There are many farmers retired fishermen who develop their farmland with agriculture. Tourism is becoming significant as a source of income or at least as another alternative livelihood for those no longer interested in extracting the aforementioned species but instead help with their conservation or with their sustainable exploitation. Most of Sarteneja's inhabitants are of Yucatec Maya and Mestizo ancestry.. Sarteneja is home of shipwrights who are still active, having built most of the traditional fishing boat fleet and many of the sailing boats that operate in tourism for sailing tours, most notably.
Sarteneja is famous for its Easter Regatta, which takes place every year on Easter Sunday when most of the village's fleet has returned during the fishing-season break. Pictures gallery of Sarteneja boat construction and the Sarteneja Easter Regatta
Ambergris Caye, pronounced am-BUR-gris KEE, is the largest island of Belize, located northeast of the country in the Caribbean Sea. It is about 40 kilometres long from north to south, about 1.6 kilometres wide. Where it has not been modified by man, is a ring of white sand beach around mangrove swamp in the centre. Though administered as part of the Belize District, the closest point on the mainland is part of the Corozal District. A Maya community lived on the island in Pre-Columbian times, made distinctive polished red ceramics. San Pedro Town is the largest settlement and only town on Ambergris. There are a number of small villages and resorts. Two resorts north of San Pedro played host to the first season of Fox's Temptation Island in 2000, aired in 2001. Tourism development of Ambergris Caye began in the early 1970s and grew in the years of the 20th century; the main attractions are its beaches. That barrier reef is the second largest in the world, after the Great Barrier Reef of Australia.
The caye has a small airstrip serviced by Tropic Air and Maya Island Air, can be reached by plane from Belize City as well as by numerous fast sea ferries. Ambergris Caye can be reached by ferry from Chetumal in Mexico. Ambergris Caye is referred to as the “Isla Bonita”, this reference is tied to the 1987 hit from Madonna'La Isla Bonita', where the artist made reference to the island and its beauty. Ambergris Caye is famous for the turquoise seascapes surrounding the island which matches the character and Caribbean charm of the destination; because of the island's small size, the main form of powered transportation is by golf cart. San Pedro Day is celebrated annually on June 27; the majority of Ambergris Caye is reserved for national park/wildlife preserve limiting the availability of real estate. To the north of San Pedro Town is the destination of Belize Secret Beach, one of the more popular beach destinations in Belize; the Belize Secret Beach destination on Ambergris Caye is called'San Pedro's worst kept secret', as the Secret Beach area has yet to see substantial development, but has become an popular destination for tourists and locals, allowing the area to boast a remote atmosphere but still offer more developed amenities.
Secret Beach features remote Cenotes and caves. Media related to Ambergris Caye at Wikimedia Commons Ambergris Caye travel guide from Wikivoyage AmbergrisCaye.com—San Pedro is the only town on Ambergris Caye. Travel tips, large photo galleries active message board The San Pedro Sun newspaper—Local Ambergris Caye newspaper
The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples, noted for its logosyllabic script—the most sophisticated and developed writing system in pre-Columbian Americas—as well as for its art, mathematics and astronomical system. The Maya civilization developed in an area that encompasses southeastern Mexico, all of Guatemala and Belize, the western portions of Honduras and El Salvador; this region consists of the northern lowlands encompassing the Yucatán Peninsula, the highlands of the Sierra Madre, running from the Mexican state of Chiapas, across southern Guatemala and onwards into El Salvador, the southern lowlands of the Pacific littoral plain. The Archaic period, prior to 2000 BC, saw the first developments in agriculture and the earliest villages; the Preclassic period saw the establishment of the first complex societies in the Maya region, the cultivation of the staple crops of the Maya diet, including maize, beans and chili peppers. The first Maya cities developed around 750 BC, by 500 BC these cities possessed monumental architecture, including large temples with elaborate stucco façades.
Hieroglyphic writing was being used in the Maya region by the 3rd century BC. In the Late Preclassic a number of large cities developed in the Petén Basin, the city of Kaminaljuyu rose to prominence in the Guatemalan Highlands. Beginning around 250 AD, the Classic period is defined as when the Maya were raising sculpted monuments with Long Count dates; this period saw the Maya civilization develop a large number of city-states linked by a complex trade network. In the Maya Lowlands two great rivals, the cities of Tikal and Calakmul, became powerful; the Classic period saw the intrusive intervention of the central Mexican city of Teotihuacan in Maya dynastic politics. In the 9th century, there was a widespread political collapse in the central Maya region, resulting in internecine warfare, the abandonment of cities, a northward shift of population; the Postclassic period saw the rise of Chichen Itza in the north, the expansion of the aggressive Kʼicheʼ kingdom in the Guatemalan Highlands. In the 16th century, the Spanish Empire colonized the Mesoamerican region, a lengthy series of campaigns saw the fall of Nojpetén, the last Maya city, in 1697.
Classic period rule was centred on the concept of the "divine king", who acted as a mediator between mortals and the supernatural realm. Kingship was patrilineal, power would pass to the eldest son. A prospective king was expected to be a successful war leader. Maya politics was dominated by a closed system of patronage, although the exact political make-up of a kingdom varied from city-state to city-state. By the Late Classic, the aristocracy had increased, resulting in the corresponding reduction in the exclusive power of the divine king; the Maya civilization developed sophisticated artforms, the Maya created art using both perishable and non-perishable materials, including wood, obsidian, sculpted stone monuments and finely painted murals. Maya cities tended to expand haphazardly, the city centre would be occupied by ceremonial and administrative complexes, surrounded by an irregular sprawl of residential districts. Different parts of a city would be linked by causeways; the principal architecture of the city consisted of palaces, pyramid-temples, ceremonial ballcourts, structures aligned for astronomical observation.
The Maya elite were literate, developed a complex system of hieroglyphic writing, the most advanced in the pre-Columbian Americas. The Maya recorded their history and ritual knowledge in screenfold books, of which only three uncontested examples remain, the rest having been destroyed by the Spanish. There are a great many examples of Maya text found on stelae and ceramics; the Maya developed a complex series of interlocking ritual calendars, employed mathematics that included one of the earliest instances of the explicit zero in the world. As a part of their religion, the Maya practised human sacrifice; the Maya civilization developed within the Mesoamerican cultural area, which covers a region that spreads from northern Mexico southwards into Central America. Mesoamerica was one of six cradles of civilization worldwide; the Mesoamerican area gave rise to a series of cultural developments that included complex societies, cities, monumental architecture and calendrical systems. The set of traits shared by Mesoamerican cultures included astronomical knowledge and human sacrifice, a cosmovision that viewed the world as divided into four divisions aligned with the cardinal directions, each with different attributes, a three-way division of the world into the celestial realm, the earth, the underworld.
By 6000 BC, the early inhabitants of Mesoamerica were experimenting with the domestication of plants, a process that led to the establishment of sedentary agricultural societies. The diverse climate allowed for wide variation in available crops, but all regions of Mesoamerica cultivated the base crops of maize and squashes. All Mesoamerican cultures used Stone Age technology. Mesoamerica lacked draft animals, did not use the wheel, possessed few domesticated animals. Mesoamericans viewed the world as hostile and governed by unpredictable deities; the ritual Mesoamerican ballgame was played. Mesoamerica is linguistically diverse, with most languages falling within a small number of language families—the major families are Mayan, Mixe–Zoquean and Uto-Aztecan.