The Corporation for Public Broadcasting is an American non-profit corporation created in 1967 by an act of the United States Congress and funded by the federal government to promote and help support public broadcasting. The corporation's mission is to ensure universal access to non-commercial, high-quality content and telecommunications services, it does so by distributing more than 70 percent of its funding to more than 1,400 locally owned public radio and television stations. The Corporation for Public Broadcasting was created on November 7, 1967, when U. S. president Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967; the new organization collaborated with the National Educational Television network—which would become the Public Broadcasting Service. Ward Chamberlin Jr. was the first operating officer. On March 27, 1968, it was registered as a nonprofit corporation in the District of Columbia. In 1969, the CPB talked to private groups to start PBS. On February 26, 1970, the CPB formed a network of public-radio stations.
Unlike PBS, NPR distributes programming. On May 31, 2002, CPB, through a first round of funding from a special appropriation, helped public television stations making the transition to digital broadcasting; the CPB's annual budget is composed entirely of an annual appropriation from Congress plus interest on those funds. 95% of the corporation's appropriation goes directly to content development, community services, other local station and system needs. For fiscal year 2014, its appropriation was US$445.5 million, including $500,000 in interest earned. The distribution of these funds was as follows: $222.78M for direct grants to local public television stations. Public broadcasting stations are funded by a combination of private donations from listeners and viewers and corporations. Funding for public television comes in equal parts from government and the private sector. Stations that receive CPB funds must meet certain requirements, such as the maintenance or provision of open meetings, open financial records, a community advisory board, equal employment opportunity, lists of donors and political activities.
The CPB is governed by a nine-member board of directors selected by the President of the United States and confirmed by the Senate. As of May 2019, the board has eight members, with Bruce M. Ramer as the chair. Under the terms of the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967, the President cannot appoint persons of the same political party to more than five of the nine CPB board seats; the Board of Directors governs CPB, sets policy, establishes programming priorities. The Board appoints the president and chief executive officer, who names the other corporate officers. In 2004 and 2005, people from PBS and NPR complained that the CPB was starting to push a conservative agenda. Board members replied that they were seeking balance. Polls of the PBS and NPR audiences in 2002 and 2003 indicated that few felt that the groups' news reports contained bias, those who saw a slant were split as to which side they believed the reports favored; the charge of a conservative agenda came to a head in 2005. Kenneth Tomlinson, chair of the CPB board from September 2003 until September 2005, angered PBS and NPR supporters by unilaterally commissioning a conservative colleague to conduct a study of alleged bias in the PBS show NOW with Bill Moyers, by appointing two conservatives as CPB Ombudsmen.
On November 3, 2005, Tomlinson resigned from the board, prompted by a report of his tenure by the CPB Inspector General, Kenneth Konz, requested by Democrats in the U. S. House of Representatives; the report was made public on November 15. It states: We found evidence that the Corporation for Public Broadcasting former Chairman violated statutory provisions and the Director's Code of Ethics by dealing directly with one of the creators of a new public affairs program during negotiations with the Public Broadcasting Service and the CPB over creating the show. Our review found evidence that suggests "political tests" were a major criteria used by the former Chairman in recruiting a President/Chief Executive Officer for CPB, which violated statutory prohibitions against such practices; the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967 requires the CPB to operate with a "strict adherence to objectivity and balance in all programs or series of programs of a controversial nature". It requires it to review national programming for objectivity and balance, to report on "its efforts to address concerns about objectivity and balance".
American Public Television Public Radio International Corporation for Public Broadcasting's official website CPB's official financials, including a history of Federal allocations to the general fund CPB Board's statement on Tomlinson's resignation The Corporation for Public Broadcasting: Federal Funding and Issues Congressional Research Service Current, the newspaper about public TV and radio in the United States
Major-General Sir Patrick Hehir was a British military surgeon. He served in the Indian Medical Service and as the Principal Medical Officer to the army of the Nizam of Hyderabad. During the 148 day Siege of Kut he suffered alongside the troops and wrote extensively on the topic of prolonged starvation, he was born on the son of Robert Martin Hehir of Ennis in County Clare, Ireland. He studied at Calcutta University, qualified as a doctor in Brussels's, became a Licentiate of the Royal College of Surgeons and the Royal College of Physicians at the University of Edinburgh, obtained a Diploma in Public Health from the University of Cambridge and received a Diploma in Tropical Medicine from the University of Liverpool. In 1893 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, his proposers were Sir Joseph Fayrer, Sir Byrom Bramwell and Thomas Annandale. During his years in India he appears to have become an opium addict. Back in Britain, when this was made illegal in 1894, he rued not being addicted to legal activities.
He saw active service in many military campaigns and was decorated. In the First World War he served in Mesopotamia as the Principal Medical Officer, he was present at the Battle of Ctesiphon and the ill-fated Siege of Kut under General Charles Townshend. He was captured when the garrison surrendered on 29 April 1916 but was released 25 September 1916, he went on to lastly Afghanistan. He retired 9 December 1919, he died on 1 May 1937. See Companion of the Order of the Bath Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George Knight Commander of the Indian Empire Knight of Grace of the Order of St John of Jerusalem Campaign Medal, Burma 1886–1887 Campaign Medal, North-West Frontier 1897–1898 Campaign Medal, North-West Frontier 1908, Afghanistan NWF 1919 Outlines of Medical Jurisprudence for India The Medical Profession in India Malaria in India In 1908 he married Dora Lloyd and together they one daughter
Frant railway station is on the Hastings line in East Sussex and serves the civil parish of Frant. It is 36 miles 53 chains down the line from London Charing Cross and is situated between Tunbridge Wells and Wadhurst stations; the station and all trains serving. It is the nearest station to the Kentish village of Lamberhurst, 4.3 mi away: an infrequent bus service links Frant station with Lamberhurst. The station was opened by the South Eastern Railway at the same time as the route, in 1851, the original station building, situated on the Down side of the line, remains in use. Designed by the company's architect, Wiliam Tress, built of local ragstone in a Gothic lodge style, with a canopy added in 1905, it has been a Grade II listed building since 1982; the platforms are staggered: a common arrangement at early SER stations which allowed passengers to cross the line in relative safety behind two trains stopped at the station, although today the platforms are connected by a footbridge. From the 1960s until 1986, the station was served only on week days.
However, since 1986, when the line was electrified, it has been served seven days a week. Train services are provided by Southeastern; the typical off-peak service is one train per hour to London Charing Cross via Tunbridge Wells, one train per hour to Hastings. Train times and station information for Frant railway station from National Rail Historic Railway Buildings of South East England Sussex Industrial Archaeology Society
Atiya Fyzee or Atiya Fyzee-Rahamin. Fyzee was born in Constantinople in 1877 to an Ismaili Bohra family related to the Tyabjis, she came to London to attend a teachers training college and she arranged for her diary to be published in India in 1907. Fyzee did not complete the course in London. Noted for her intellectualism, Fyzee's correspondences impressed such luminaries as Muhammad Iqbal, Shibli Naumani, Abu Al-Asar Hafeez Jalandhari and Maulana Muhmmad Ali Jauhar. There was gossip about her close friendships with two other writers before she married Samuel Fyzee-Rahamin. Fyzee died in much reduced circumstances in Karachi in 1967 and her husband died the following year. After they both died; this continued until the 1990s. Details on Bibliothèque nationale de France Overview on the Open University
Sir Richard Bellings was an Irish courtier who served as the Knight secretary to Catherine of Braganza. He was one of a number of Irish Catholics given office in England following the Restoration. In 1662 Charles II sent Sir Richard Bellings to Rome to arrange the terms of England's conversion to Romanism. On 1 June 1670 he was one of the signatories of the Secret Treaty of Dover for England. Others who signed it were Henry Bennet, 1st Earl of Arlington, Sir Thomas Clifford, Henry Arundell, 3rd Baron Arundell of Wardour and Jean-Baptiste Colbert for France; that secret treaty engaged Charles II to declare himself a Roman Catholic, for which Louis XIV was to pay him two millions of francs, and, in the event of anticipated disturbances in England, provide military support. It was the signing of this treaty which created an alliance with England and France and against Holland, in March 1672; this was the second Dutch War of the reign of Charles the Second. Bellings's father was Richard Bellings was a lawyer and political figure in 17th century Ireland, while his mother was Margaret Butler, a daughter of Richard Butler, 3rd Viscount Mountgaret.
He married in 1671 Francis Arundell, a daughter of Sir John Arundell of Lanherne and a gentlewoman of Queen Catherine. Their son Richard took the surname Bellings-Arundell, in accordance with his Grandfather's will. Richard Bellings-Arundell married Anne Gage, dau. of Joseph Gage of Sherborne Castle Helen, married Sir John Hales, 4th BaronetBellings was buried at St Columb Major in Cornwall. The coat of arms displayed on his headstone is described as "A cross pattée fitchée on an escutcheon of pretence. Crest: Over esquire's helmet, on a wreath a demi-lion rampant, holding between its paws a cross pattée fitchée." Letters Addressed from London to Sir Joseph Williamson While Plenipotentiary at the Congress of Cologne in the Years 1673 and 1674. Volume: 1. Edited by, Sir Joseph Williamson -. Dennehy, Coleman. Restoration Ireland: Always Settling and Never Settled. Ashgate Publishing, 2008 Letters Addressed from London to Sir Joseph Williamson While Plenipotentiary at the Congress of Cologne in the Years 1673 and 1674 Vol. 1 at www.questia.com
Countdown is an album by pianist Steve Kuhn, recorded in 1998 and released on the Reservoir label. The AllMusic review by Michael G. Nastos stated "A neglected figure in the overall scheme of modern jazz this magnificent recording from the veteran pianist Kuhn will somewhat salve that wound, he is masterfully impressionistic, skillful as any, extra-lyrical, his talent is in full array... This music inspires all kinds of lush, regal imagery, it is Kuhn at his best, one of the more soul-stirring piano trio CDs of recent hearing, a joy to listen to more than just once". In JazzTimes, Duck Baker noted "Kuhn's solos are interesting. I can’t say that Kuhn has seemed to me to be a original voice in terms of harmony, touch, or voicings, he gets dangerously over-impressionistic, but some of the best originals here contain surprising moments and the soloing holds up well". On All About Jazz, C. Andrew Hovan said "it's chock full of complexity and substance, yet very inviting and accessible... Countdown is a step forward for Kuhn and a valuable addition to this independent's small but substantial catalog".
All compositions by Steve Kuhn except where noted "Countdown" – 3:48 "Chalet" – 5:07 "Last Year's Waltz" – 3:26 "Wrong Together" – 6:26 "Four" – 7:06 "Why Did I Choose You?" – 4:52 "When Lights Are Low" – 6:46 "She's Funny That Way" – 4:30 "Speak Low" – 9:32 "Tomorrow's Son" – 3:20 Steve Kuhn – piano David Finck – bass Billy Drummond – drums