William Wheeler Monning is an American politician, elected to the California State Senate in 2012. A Democrat, he serves the 17th Senate District. Monning was reelected to the Senate in 2016 for a final term. Education, the environment and public health are areas of particular interest to Senator Monning. Before his election to the State Senate in 2012, Monning served in the California State Assembly, representing the 27th Assembly District. Monning is the current California Senate Majority leader. Bill Monning was raised in Southern California, he attended Flintridge Preparatory School from fifth to twelfth grade and participated in athletics including football, basketball and swimming. His college years were spent in the San Francisco Bay Area where he attended the University of California, Berkeley from 1969 to 1972 and the University of San Francisco School of Law from 1973 to 1976. During this time he did volunteer work for the United Farm Workers legal department and participated in marches and other activities with farm workers' movements in Delano and Modesto, meeting other activists including Jerry Cohen, Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta.
These experiences with the UFW were influential, "working with the legal department as a volunteer... solidified my interest and purpose in attending law school." Monning received a B. A. at the University of California, Berkeley and a law degree from the University of San Francisco School of Law. He served as a Senior Fulbright Specialist, receiving Fulbright scholarships to teach and research in Peru and Chile. Additionally, he was a member of the Monterey County Court-directed mediation panel and served for four years as Executive Director of the Nobel Peace Prize winning organization, International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War. After entering the California State Bar, Monning first worked as a staff attorney for the United Farm Workers of America, AFL-CIO, he became Directing Attorney for California Rural Legal Assistance, Migrant Farm Worker Project. From 1982 through 1987 Monning was the Director of the Salvadoran Medical Relief Fund, from 1987 through 1991 he was Executive Director for the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War.
From 1993 until his election to the State Assembly in 2008 he worked in private practice and taught at both the Monterey Institute of International Studies as professor of International Negotiation and Conflict Resolution and as a professor at the Monterey College of Law. Monning is the former president and co-founder of Global Majority, Inc. Our advocacy is more critical now than before. I've heard people talk about secession... I counter that, I get the sentiment. In 2008 Bill Monning ran for and won the California State District 27 Assembly seat being vacated by termed out John Laird; when asked in an interview with the National Lawyers Guild about why he decided to run for the Assembly in 2008, Monning cited California's structural budget limitations saying California was, "only one of three states in the union that require a 2/3 vote in both houses to pass a budget." This limitation made it difficult to secure adequate funding for such needs as healthcare and education. Monning hoped to work with community groups and other legislators to effect reform in this and other areas including electoral, campaign finance and economic justice.
In 2012 Monning was elected to the California State Senate after the incumbent, Sam Blakeslee, R-San Luis Obispo, chose not to run in the newly drawn 17th Senate district. Monning became Senate Majority leader in 2014 when he was appointed by State Senate President pro tempore Kevin de León, D-Los Angeles. Monning was reelected to the Senate in 2016 for a final term. In 2016 Monning considered running to fill the seat being vacated by retiring Congressmen Sam Farr but felt he could be more effective in working on climate policy and other important issues as a leader in Sacramento as opposed to being a member of the minority party in Washington. In 2019 Monning was appointed to the California Coastal Conservancy by California Senate President pro tempore Toni Atkins. On February 22, 2013, he introduced SB 622, which would impose a 12 cent tax on each can of soda, as well as create the Children's Health Promotion Fund, which would direct the money the tax raised to childhood obesity-preventing measures such as improving the quality of school lunches.
About three months the bill died in committee. Monning authored a bill to protect California farm workers from sexual violence. Signed by Governor Jerry Brown on September 28, 2014, SB 1087 followed a 2013 investigation by Univision, UC Berkeley's Investigative Reporting Program FRONTLINE, the Center for Investigative Reporting; the investigation found that hundreds of female agriculture workers said they had been harassed and assaulted in the fields with minimal response from their supervisors or from law enforcement. The law took effect on January 1, 2015. "Female farmworkers are among the most vulnerable and invisible of the state's farm worker population," said Monning. " will require sexual harassment prevention training for farm labor contractors and employees, is the first step to help protect these workers from unwanted sexual advances and sexual violence."Senator Monning authored another bill, SB 168 in 2013, to help agricultural workers get back wages and penalties owed by state-licensed farm labor contractors.
According to Monning, some California contractors had fraudulently dissolved and moved th
Big Sur is a rugged and mountainous section of the Central Coast of California between Carmel Highlands and San Simeon, where the Santa Lucia Mountains rise abruptly from the Pacific Ocean. It is praised for its dramatic scenery. Big Sur has been called the "longest and most scenic stretch of undeveloped coastline in the contiguous United States," a "national treasure that demands extraordinary procedures to protect it from development" and "one of the most beautiful coastlines anywhere in the world, an isolated stretch of road, mythic in reputation." The stunning views, redwood forests, hiking and other recreational opportunities have made Big Sur a popular destination for about 7 million people who live within a day's drive and visitors from across the world. The region receives about the same number of visitors as Yosemite National Park, but offers limited bus service, few restrooms, a narrow two-lane highway with few places to park alongside the road. North-bound traffic during the peak summer season and holiday weekends is backed up for about 20 miles from Big Sur Village to Carmel.
The unincorporated region encompassing Big Sur does not have specific boundaries, but is considered to include the 71-mile segment of California State Route 1 between Malpaso Creek near Carmel Highlands in the north and San Carpóforo Creek near San Simeon in the south, as well as the entire Santa Lucia range between these creeks. The interior region is uninhabited, while the coast remains isolated and sparsely populated, with between 1,800 and 2,000 year-round residents and few visitor accommodations scattered among four small settlements; the region remained one of the most inaccessible areas of California and the entire United States until, after 18 years of construction, the Carmel–San Simeon Highway was completed in 1937. Along with the ocean views, this winding, narrow road cut into the face of towering seaside cliffs, dominates the visitor's experience of Big Sur; the highway has been closed more than 55 times by landslides, in May 2017, a 2,000,000-cubic-foot slide blocked the highway at Mud Creek, north of Salmon Creek near the San Luis Obispo County line, to just south of Gorda.
The road was reopened on July 18, 2018. The region is protected by the Big Sur Local Coastal Plan, which preserves it as "open space, a small residential community, agricultural ranching." Approved in 1986, the plan is one of the most restrictive local-use programs in the state, is regarded as one of the most restrictive documents of its kind anywhere. The program protects viewsheds from the highway and many vantage points, restricts the density of development. About 60% of the coastal region is owned by governmental or private agencies which do not allow any development; the majority of the interior region is part of the Los Padres National Forest, Ventana Wilderness, Silver Peak Wilderness or Fort Hunter Liggett. The original Spanish-language name for the mountainous terrain south of Monterey was el país grande del sur, which means "the big country of the south." The name el Sud was first used in the Rancho El Sur land grant made in 1834. In 1915, English-speaking settlers formally adopted "Big Sur" as the name for their post office.
Big Sur is not an incorporated town but instead refers to an area without formal boundaries in California's Central Coast region. Visitors may identify Big Sur with the small community of buildings and services 26 miles south of Carmel in the Big Sur River valley, known to locals as Big Sur Village; the various informal boundaries applied to the region have expanded north and south over time. Esther Pfeiffer Ewoldson, born in 1904 and was a granddaughter of Big Sur pioneers Micheal and Barbara Pfeiffer, wrote that the region extended from the Little Sur River 23 miles south to Slates Hot Springs. Members of the Harlen family, who homesteaded the Lucia region 9 miles south of Slates Hot Springs, said that Big Sur was "miles and miles to the north of us." Prior to the construction of Highway 1, residents on the south coast had little contact with residents to the north of them. Most current descriptions of the area refer to Malpaso Creek 4.5 miles south of the Carmel River as the northern border.
The southern border is accepted to be San Carpóforo Creek in San Luis Obispo County. The vast majority of visitors only see Big Sur's dramatic coastline and consider the Big Sur region to include only the coastal flanks of the Santa Lucia Mountains, which at various points extend from 3 to 12 miles inland; some residents place the eastern border at the boundaries of the vast inland areas comprising the Los Padres National Forest, Ventana Wilderness, Silver Peak Wilderness, or the unpopulated regions all the way to the eastern foothills of the Santa Lucia Mountains. Author and local historian Jeff Norman considered Big Sur to extend inland to include the watersheds that drain into the Pacific Ocean. Author Lillian Ross described Big Sur as "not a place at all but a state of mind." The name "Big Sur" has its origins in the area's early Spanish history. While the Portolá expedition was exploring Alta California, they arrived at San Carpóforo Canyon near present-day San Simeon on September 13, 1769.
Unable to penetrate the difficult terrain along the coast, they detoured inland through the San Antonio and Salinas Valleys before arriving at Monterey Bay, where they founded Monterey and named it the provincial capital. The Spanish referred to the vast and unexplored coastal region to the south of Monterey as el país grande del sur, meaning "the big country of the south"; this was shortened to el sur gran
International Standard Book Number
The International Standard Book Number is a numeric commercial book identifier, intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency. An ISBN is assigned to each variation of a book. For example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN; the ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country; the initial ISBN identification format was devised in 1967, based upon the 9-digit Standard Book Numbering created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108. Published books sometimes appear without an ISBN; the International ISBN agency sometimes assigns such books ISBNs on its own initiative.
Another identifier, the International Standard Serial Number, identifies periodical publications such as magazines and newspapers. The International Standard Music Number covers musical scores; the Standard Book Numbering code is a 9-digit commercial book identifier system created by Gordon Foster, Emeritus Professor of Statistics at Trinity College, for the booksellers and stationers WHSmith and others in 1965. The ISBN identification format was conceived in 1967 in the United Kingdom by David Whitaker and in 1968 in the United States by Emery Koltay; the 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108. The United Kingdom continued to use the 9-digit SBN code until 1974. ISO has appointed the International ISBN Agency as the registration authority for ISBN worldwide and the ISBN Standard is developed under the control of ISO Technical Committee 46/Subcommittee 9 TC 46/SC 9; the ISO on-line facility only refers back to 1978.
An SBN may be converted to an ISBN by prefixing the digit "0". For example, the second edition of Mr. J. G. Reeder Returns, published by Hodder in 1965, has "SBN 340 01381 8" – 340 indicating the publisher, 01381 their serial number, 8 being the check digit; this can be converted to ISBN 0-340-01381-8. Since 1 January 2007, ISBNs have contained 13 digits, a format, compatible with "Bookland" European Article Number EAN-13s. An ISBN is assigned to each variation of a book. For example, an ebook, a paperback, a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN; the ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. An International Standard Book Number consists of 4 parts or 5 parts: for a 13-digit ISBN, a prefix element – a GS1 prefix: so far 978 or 979 have been made available by GS1, the registration group element, the registrant element, the publication element, a checksum character or check digit. A 13-digit ISBN can be separated into its parts, when this is done it is customary to separate the parts with hyphens or spaces.
Separating the parts of a 10-digit ISBN is done with either hyphens or spaces. Figuring out how to separate a given ISBN is complicated, because most of the parts do not use a fixed number of digits. ISBN is most used among others special identifiers to describe references in Wikipedia and can help to find the same sources with different description in various language versions. ISBN issuance is country-specific, in that ISBNs are issued by the ISBN registration agency, responsible for that country or territory regardless of the publication language; the ranges of ISBNs assigned to any particular country are based on the publishing profile of the country concerned, so the ranges will vary depending on the number of books and the number and size of publishers that are active. Some ISBN registration agencies are based in national libraries or within ministries of culture and thus may receive direct funding from government to support their services. In other cases, the ISBN registration service is provided by organisations such as bibliographic data providers that are not government funded.
A full directory of ISBN agencies is available on the International ISBN Agency website. Partial listing: Australia: the commercial library services agency Thorpe-Bowker.
Soledad is a city in Monterey County, United States. Soledad is located 25 miles southeast at an elevation of 190 feet; the population was 25,738 at the 2010 census. The town is located near the Spanish mission, Mission Nuestra Señora de la Soledad, founded October 9, 1791 by Fermín Francisco de Lasuén, the 13th of 21 missions in California; the town's name comes from the mission. Soledad is seated at the heart of one of the most economically productive and technologically advanced agricultural regions in the world. Agricultural companies working out of this region include: Dole Fresh Vegetables, Tanimura & Antle Fresh Foods, Taylor Farms, D'Arrigo Brothers Inc and Mann Packing Inc. Soledad is located in one of the primary wine grape growing regions of California with over twenty vineyards and wineries within a thirty-mile radius, several of which have tasting rooms and offer a wide selection of wines for sale; some of the vineyards and wineries located nearby are Chalone, Paraiso Vineyards, Pisoni Vineyards, Hahn Estate, San Saba, J.
Lohr, Kendall-Jackson, Hess Select, The Michaud Vineyard, Graff Family Vineyards. The original community of Soledad was founded as a Spanish mission October 9, 1791 by Fermín Lasuén, founded under the rule of the Viceroyalty of New Spain 1535 to 1821; the Soledad post office opened in 1869. The current community of Soledad in 1874 had a few shops; the two main streets were named Main. In 1886, land was sold by its owners, the Munras family. In the late 1880s the Southern Pacific Railroad began serving the area. In 1898 Fort Romie was founded a few miles north of the west of the city. San Vicente School was built in 1913 forming the Soledad School District; the City, a general law city, incorporated in March 1921 with a City Council/City Manager form of government. The city's name comes from the mission Mission Nuestra Señora de la Soledad. Soledad is used as a backdrop in John Steinbeck's 1937 novel Of Mice and Men, a novella about two friends who work on a California farm. Soledad was chosen as the setting, because soledad is Spanish for'solitude', a recurring motif in the story.
Soledad has been rocked by the great 1906 San Francisco earthquake and the Loma Prieta earthquake in 1989. The Soledad Prison was three miles north of the city until annexed in 1992, it was built in 1946 and has an operating budget of $245 million. The infamous "Nortenos" gang was founded in 1968 along with Nuestra Familia crime syndicate in the Soledad Prison. Most of the members became. Due to this the "Norteno" association has been dealt a severe blow to their structure, resulting in the weakening of their units. In May 1996 the Salinas Valley State Prison was opened at a cost of $236 million, with an annual operating budget of $60 million; as of 2007 the annual operating budget has risen to $177 million yearly. On April 28, 2009, a tour bus transporting 34 French tourists flipped over at an overpass on Soledad's north entrance. At least five passengers were killed, one of whom fell over the bridge onto the railroad tracks beneath it. Soledad's slogan was "It's happening in Soledad" was used until 2013 when "Gateway to the Pinnacles" was introduced.
In July 2015, Ghost Adventures filmed an episode for three days at the infamously haunted Los Coches adobe. The city could be made into a tourist destination; the episode aired September 26, 2015. Soledad is located at 36°25′29″N 121°19′35″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.6 square miles, 96.68% of it land and 3.32% of it water. Soledad is about six miles southwest of Pinnacles National Park, nestled among the nearby Gabilan Mountains; this region experiences warm and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Soledad has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps; as of the census of 2000, there were 11,263 people, 2,472 households, 2,242 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,680.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 2,534 housing units at an average density of 603.0/mi². The racial makeup of the city was 31.90% White, 1.15% African American, 1.73% Native American, 2.35% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 58.56% from other races, 4.23% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 86.82% of the population. There were 2,472 households out of which 60.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.9% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 9.3% were non-families. 7.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.54 and the average family size was 4.58. In the city, the population was spread out with 36.7% under the age of 18, 12.9% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 13.1% from 45 to 64, 5.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females, there were 108.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.6 males. The median income for a household in the city was $42,602, the median income for a family was $41,188. Males had a median income of $31,566 versus $23,964 for females; the per capita income for the city was $11,442. About 16.3% of families and 18.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.1% of those under age 18
Del Rey Oaks, California
Del Rey Oaks is a city in Monterey County, United States. Del Rey Oaks is located just southeast of Seaside, at an elevation of 82 feet; the population was 1,624 at the 2010 census. Del Rey Oaks is a member of the Association of Monterey Bay Area Governments, a regional government agency. Del Rey Oaks is located at 36°35′36″N 121°50′06″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.5 square miles, 99.58% of it land and 0.42% of it water. This region experiences warm and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Del Rey Oaks has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps. Prior to incorporation the town was called Del Rey Woods; the Del Rey Oaks post office opened in 1968. The 2010 United States Census reported that Del Rey Oaks had a population of 1,624; the population density was 3,362.3 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Del Rey Oaks was 1,326 White, 16 African American, 12 Native American, 128 Asian, 4 Pacific Islander, 52 from other races, 86 from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 169 persons. The Census reported that 1,624 people lived in households, none lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, none were institutionalized. There were 701 households, out of which 164 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 361 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 57 had a female householder with no husband present, 25 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 28 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 9 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 209 households were made up of individuals and 90 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32. There were 443 families; the population was spread out with 284 people under the age of 18, 92 people aged 18 to 24, 412 people aged 25 to 44, 528 people aged 45 to 64, 308 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.
There were 741 housing units at an average density of 1,534.1 per square mile, of which 517 were owner-occupied, 184 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.9%. 1,171 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 453 people lived in rental housing units. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,650 people, 704 households, 449 families residing in the city; the population density was 3,378.8 people per square mile. There were 727 housing units at an average density of 1,488.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 86.36% White, 1.58% Black or African American, 0.85% Native American, 5.15% Asian, 2.55% from other races, 3.52% from two or more races. 6.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 704 households out of which 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.1% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.86. In the city, the population was spread out with 19.2% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 31.9% from 45 to 64, 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $59,423, the median income for a family was $70,119. Males had a median income of $48,977 versus $35,500 for females; the per capita income for the city was $30,035. About 2.9% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under age 18 and 1.9% of those age 65 or over. Del Rey Oaks houses a 17-acre wetland area popular with birders. Television service for the community comes from the Monterey-Salinas-Santa Cruz designated market area. Radio stations Monterey-Salinas-Santa Cruz area of dominant influence or continuous measurement market.
Locale newspapers include the Monterey County Herald. Media in Monterey County Coastal California List of school districts in Monterey County, California Monterey county attractions Official website
Greenfield is a city in Monterey County, United States. Greenfield is located in the Salinas Valley, 33 miles southeast of Salinas, at an elevation of 289 feet; the city was the fastest growing in the county during the 2000s, the population was 12,583 in 2000, increasing to 16,330 in the 2010 census. Its most well-known public event is the annual Harvest Festival. Greenfield is a member of the Association of Monterey Bay Area Governments. A Jewish man, William Hudinski and other promoters may have laid out the town from 1902 to 1905 on part of the Rancho Arroyo Seco Mexican land grant, created by a subdivision of 4,000 acres; the Clark Colony Water Company, which became the organization for water distribution, filled the city with water from the nearby Arroyo Seco AVA, formed in April 1905. The organized water canal system and ideal growing conditions attracted people of Danish and other nationalities from surrounding areas to settle in Greenfield. Today, the Clark Colony Water Company still holds 1916 Prior Rights guaranteeing delivery to its members a certain amount of water from the Arroyo Seco River before any other agencies.
In 1906, the district purchased a lot from Edward Greenfield along with two adjacent to the Arroyo Seco Development Company. Clark Colony evolved into Clark City and was renamed Greenfield, in honor of Mr. Greenfield. After the United States Postal Service informed the City that there were too many "Clark Cities" in the state. Greenfield was recognized as a municipality by the State legislature and incorporated on January 7, 1947. Greenfield's first Mayor was Tom Rogers; the city of Greenfield is located in the heart of the Salinas Valley, formed by the Gabilan Mountains range to the east and the Santa Lucia Mountains range to the west. Greenfield is 135 miles south of San Francisco, 95 miles south of San Jose and 60 miles north of Paso Robles. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.1 square miles, all of it land. Due to its location near California's Central Coast, the area is filled with rich soil and desirable climate, ideal for many agricultural and wine companies.
Some of the Vineyards and Wineries located nearby are Chalone, Scheid Vineyards, Paraiso Vineyards, Pisoni Vineyards, Hahn Estates Smith & Hook, San Saba, J. Lohr, Kendall-Jackson, Hess Select, The Michaud Vineyard, Graff Family Vineyard; the climate for Greenfield is moderate with average temperatures around 40 degrees in winter and about 80 degrees in summer. High temperatures may reach the low 90's during mid-summer. Most rain falls between March. On some occasions there might be a snow fall in the mountains; the 2010 United States Census reported that Greenfield had a population of 16,330. The population density was 7,647.9 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Greenfield was 5,976 White, 183 African American, 878 Native American, 179 Asian, 13 Pacific Islander, 8,453 from other races, 648 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14,917 persons; the Census reported that 16,301 people lived in households, 29 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 0 were institutionalized.
There were 3,460 households, out of which 2,358 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 2,273 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 526 had a female householder with no husband present, 301 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 251 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 22 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 282 households were made up of individuals and 115 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.71. There were 3,100 families; the population was spread out with 5,843 people under the age of 18, 2,159 people aged 18 to 24, 5,023 people aged 25 to 44, 2,530 people aged 45 to 64, 775 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 109.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.9 males. There were 3,752 housing units at an average density of 1,757.2 per square mile, of which 1,829 were owner-occupied, 1,631 were occupied by renters.
The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.4%. 7,874 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 8,427 people lived in rental housing units. Greenfield is the second most populous city in the Salinas Valley and is the fifth most populous city in Monterey County. In 2006, Greenfield was the fourth fastest growing city in California growing 15.6%, from 13,270 in 2005, to 15,335 in 2006. As of the 2007 California Department of Finance estimate, there were 16,629 people, 2,643 households, 2,360 families residing in the city; the population density was 9,781.76 people per square mile. There were 2,726 housing units at an average density of 1,606.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 39.65% White, 1.18% Black or African American, 1.19% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 51.95% from other races, 5.11% from two or more races. 87.86% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,643 households out of which 65.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.5% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 10.7% were non-families.
7.8% of all househ