Ricardo Cortez was an American actor. He was known as Jack Crane early in his acting career. Cortez came to the United States when he was one year old—or was born to a Jewish family in New York City, he attended DeWitt Clinton High School in New York City. He was an amateur boxer and worked on Wall Street as a runner prior to entering the film business. Hollywood executives changed his name from Krantz to Cortez to capitalize on the popularity of the era's "Latin lovers"; when rumor began to circulate that Cortez was not Latin, the studios attempted to pass him off as French before "admitting" to his Viennese origin. Cortez appeared in over 100 films, he began his career playing romantic leads, when sound cinema arrived, his strong delivery and New York accent made him an ideal heavy. Portrayed leading men, Cortez's main focus became character acting, he played opposite Joan Crawford in Montana Moon, played Sam Spade in the original, pre-code version of The Maltese Falcon, co-starred with Charles Farrell and Bette Davis in The Big Shakedown, with Al Jolson and Dolores del Río in Wonder Bar.
In 1936, Cortez replaced Warren William as Perry Mason in The Case of the Black Cat. Cortez directed seven films for 20th Century Fox from 1938 through 1940, all of them "program pictures made on a shoestring for the express purpose of filling the bottom half of the mandatory double bill..." His first film as director was Inside Story, assigned to Cortez in the spring of 1938 but was not released until 1939. He directed Chasing Danger, The Escape, Heaven with a Barbed Wire Fence, City of Chance, Blonde and 21, Girl in 313. Cortez was married to silent film actress Alma Rubens until her death from pneumonia in 1931, they were married January 1926 in Riverside, California. He married Christine Conniff Lee on January 8, 1934; when he retired from the film business, Cortez returned to New York, working as a stockbroker for Salomon Brothers on Wall Street. Cortez was the older brother of noted cinematographer Stanley Cortez. Cortez died in Doctors Hospital in New York City in 1977 at age 77 and was interred at Woodlawn Cemetery in the Bronx.
Cortez has a star at 1500 Vine Street in the Motion Pictures section of the Hollywood Walk of Fame. It was dedicated on February 8, 1960. Van Neste, Dan; the Magnificent Heel: The Life and Films of Ricardo Cortez. Albany, GA: BearManor Media, 2017. ISBN 978-1-62933-128-7 Ricardo Cortez on IMDb Ricardo Cortez at Find a Grave
Cortez is a ghost town in Lander County, in the U. S. state of Nevada. The GNIS classifies it as a populated place. Located near Mount Tenabo, Cortez first attracted attention in 1862, when Mexican miners transported silver ore from the site to stamp mills in Austin, 80 miles south. In the spring of 1863, a group of eight miners exploring the area, came across Native Americans collecting silver in gullys southwest of the Mount Tenabo mountains. Investigating the source of the silver ore, the group climbed the rock face above, located the ledges of silver; the discovery led to the organization of the Cortez district. A few months roads were constructed from the town site to the mining area. Machinery to build an eight-stamp mill in town was transported from California; the community was named after the 16th-century Spanish conquistador. In 1864, Simon Wenban, one of the original eight miners, George Hearst, father of William Randolph Hearst, became mining partners. Hearst sold his shares in the partnership in 1867, when the miners encountered problems that slowed operations.
By 1870, Wenban had enlarged the mill in town, was employing Chinese miners because they were willing to work for lower wages than American and Mexican workers. For the next 20 years, the mining district was profitable. A fifty-ton leaching plant was built in 1886, ran continuously until the mid-1890s. Cortez thrived. A post office was in operation at Cortez intermittently between 1868 and 1943. In 1969, the Cortez Gold Mine was established in Cortez. Cortez Gold Mine List of ghost towns in Nevada
Nike, Inc. is an American multinational corporation, engaged in the design, development and worldwide marketing and sales of footwear, equipment and services. The company is headquartered near Oregon, in the Portland metropolitan area, it is the world's largest supplier of athletic shoes and apparel and a major manufacturer of sports equipment, with revenue in excess of US$24.1 billion in its fiscal year 2012. As of 2012, it employed more than 44,000 people worldwide. In 2014 the brand alone was valued at $19 billion, making it the most valuable brand among sports businesses; as of 2017, the Nike brand is valued at $29.6 billion. Nike ranked No. 89 in the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue. The company was founded on January 25, 1964, as Blue Ribbon Sports, by Bill Bowerman and Phil Knight, became Nike, Inc. on May 30, 1971. The company takes its name from the Greek goddess of victory. Nike markets its products under its own brand, as well as Nike Golf, Nike Pro, Nike+, Air Jordan, Nike Blazers, Air Force 1, Nike Dunk, Air Max, Nike Skateboarding, Nike CR7, subsidiaries including Brand Jordan, Hurley International and Converse.
Nike owned Bauer Hockey from 1995 to 2008, owned Cole Haan and Umbro. In addition to manufacturing sportswear and equipment, the company operates retail stores under the Niketown name. Nike sponsors many high-profile athletes and sports teams around the world, with the recognized trademarks of "Just Do It" and the Swoosh logo. Nike known as Blue Ribbon Sports, was founded by University of Oregon track athlete Phil Knight and his coach, Bill Bowerman, on January 25, 1964; the company operated in Eugene as a distributor for Japanese shoe maker Onitsuka Tiger, making most sales at track meets out of Knight's automobile. According to Otis Davis, a student athlete whom Bowerman coached at the University of Oregon, who went on to win two gold medals at the 1960 Summer Olympics, Bowerman made the first pair of Nike shoes for him, contradicting a claim that they were made for Phil Knight. Says Davis, "I told Tom Brokaw that I was the first. I don't care. Bill Bowerman made the first pair of shoes for me.
People don't believe me. In fact, I didn't like the way. There was no support and they were too tight, but I saw Bowerman make them from the waffle iron, they were mine". In 1964, in its first year in business, BRS sold 1,300 pairs of Japanese running shoes grossing $8,000. By 1965 the fledgling company had acquired a full-time employee, sales had reached $20,000. In 1966, BRS opened its first retail store, located at 3107 Pico Boulevard in Santa Monica, California next to a beauty salon, so its employees no longer needed to sell inventory from the back of their cars. In 1967, due to increasing sales, BRS expanded retail and distribution operations on the East Coast, in Wellesley, Massachusetts. By 1971, the relationship between BRS and Onitsuka Tiger was nearing an end. BRS prepared to launch its own line of footwear, which would bear the Swoosh newly designed by Carolyn Davidson; the Swoosh was first used by Nike on June 18, 1971, was registered with the U. S. Patent and Trademark Office on January 22, 1974.
In 1976, the company hired John Brown and Partners, based in Seattle, as its first advertising agency. The following year, the agency created the first "brand ad" for Nike, called "There is no finish line", in which no Nike product was shown. By 1980, Nike had attained a 50% market share in the U. S. athletic shoe market, the company went public in December of that year. Together and Wieden+Kennedy have created many print and television advertisements, Wieden+Kennedy remains Nike's primary ad agency, it was agency co-founder Dan Wieden who coined the now-famous slogan "Just Do It" for a 1988 Nike ad campaign, chosen by Advertising Age as one of the top five ad slogans of the 20th century and enshrined in the Smithsonian Institution. Walt Stack was featured in Nike's first "Just Do It" advertisement, which debuted on July 1, 1988. Wieden credits the inspiration for the slogan to "Let's do it", the last words spoken by Gary Gilmore before he was executed. Throughout the 1980s, Nike expanded its product line to encompass many sports and regions throughout the world.
In 1990, Nike moved into its eight-building World Headquarters campus in Oregon. The first Nike retail store, dubbed Niketown, opened in downtown Portland in November of that year. Phil Knight announced in mid-2015 that he would step down as chairman of Nike in 2016, he stepped down from all duties with the company on June 30, 2016. In a company public announcement on March 15, 2018, Parker said Trevor Edwards, a top Nike executive, seen as a potential successor to the chief executive, was relinquishing his position as Nike's brand president and would retire in August. Nike has acquired several apparel and footwear companies over the course of its history, some of which have since been sold, its first acquisition was the upscale footwear company Cole Haan in 1988, followed by the purchase of Bauer Hockey in 1994. In 2002, Nike bought surf apparel company Hurley International from founder Bob Hurley. In 2003, Nike paid US$309 million to acquire Converse, makers of the Chuck Taylor All-Stars line of sneakers.
The company acquired Starter in 2004 and Umbro, known as the manufacturers of the England national football team's kit, in 2008. In order to refocus on its core business lines, Nike began divesting of some of its subsidiaries in the 2000s, it sold Starter in 2007 and Bauer Hockey in 2008. The company sold Umbro in 2012 and Cole Haan in 2013. As
Cortez is a Home Rule Municipality, the county seat and the most populous municipality of Montezuma County, United States. The city population was 8,482 at the 2010 United States Census. In 1886, the town was built to provide housing for the men working on the tunnels and irrigation ditches required to divert water out of the Dolores River and into Montezuma Valley; the town was named for Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés. It is a popular stop for tourists, who stay there because of its central location among surrounding attractions, such as Mesa Verde National Park, Monument Valley, the Four Corners. There are many prehistoric sites in the Cortez area, listed on the Colorado State Register of Historic Properties or both the state register and the National Register of Historic Places: They include large parks or centers, such as Crow Canyon Archaeological Center, Hovenweep National Monument, Mesa Verde National Park. There are smaller or individuals sites, such as Cowboy Wash, Hawkins Pueblo and cliff dwellings, Lowry Ruin, Mitchell Springs Archeological Site known as the Mitchell Springs Ruin Group, Mud Springs Pueblo, Yucca House National Monument.
Within the McElmo Drainage Unit is Cannonball Ruins, Maxwell Community, Roy's Ruin, Sand Canyon Archaeological District, Wallace Ruin. There following are trails or byways through the Cortez area: Old Spanish National Historic Trail San Juan Skyway National Scenic Byway Trail of the Ancients A Lockheed U-2 reconnaissance aircraft made an emergency nighttime forced landing August 3, 1959, at the Cortez Municipal Airport. Major H. Mike Hua was on a training flight originating at Texas. Maj. Hua established best glide and was able to navigate through a valley to a lighted airport that wasn't on his map nor did he know of its existence beforehand; the airport was the only one in the area with a lighted runway, illuminated overnight. Cortez is located at 37°20′57″N 108°34′45″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.5 square miles, of which 5.5 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles is water. Cortez is located in the area of the southwest known as the "High Desert", as are most of northwestern, western and southern Colorado.
Cortez is a local commercial center, competing with Durango in the east, Farmington, New Mexico in the south, draws trade from southeastern Utah, the extreme northeastern corner of Arizona, the Shiprock area of Northwestern New Mexico, San Miquel, Dolores and parts of LaPlata County in Colorado. Its economy is based heavily on tourism, both to nearby Mesa Verde National Park as well as to San Juan National Forest, Bureau of Land Management lands in the area. Mesa Verde National Park, featuring Ancient Pueblo cliff dwellings, is situated southeast of Cortez. Cortez has a cold and continental semi-arid climate with hot summer days and cold winter nights, the latter a result of its elevation; as of the census of 2010, there were 8,482 people, 3,590 households, 2,234 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,449.9 people per square mile. There were 3,885 housing units at an average density of 637.6 per square mile. The gender makeup of the city was 51.9 % female. The racial makeup of the city was 79.2% White, 0.4% African American, 11.8% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 6.04% from other races, 2.44% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.30% of the population. There were 3,590 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.8% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.92. In the city, the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $28,776, the median income for a family was $35,533. Males had a median income of $30,755 versus $20,280 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,040. About 14.8% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.3% of those under age 18 and 17.3% of those age 65 or over.
Cortez Public Schools are part of the Montezuma-Cortez School District RE-1. The district has five elementary schools, one middle school and one high school; the educational system is suffering a loss of 1.6% according to the Transitional Colorado Assessment Program. Montezuma-Cortez RE-1 Pre-School, Kemper Elementary School, Lewis-Arriola Elementary School, Manaugh Elementary School, Mesa Elementary Schools, Pleasant View Elementary School, Cortez Middle School and Montezuma-Cortez High School are located in Cortez; the high school mascot is the Panthers, Dr. Jason Wayman is the High School Principal. Cortez Municipal Airport serves Cortez. Eli Tomac, motocross champion. Scott Tipton, U. S. House of Representatives - Colorado's 3rd District William B. Ebbert, popular rancher and politician, represented Cortez in the Colorado General Assembly in early 20th century. Michael Milenski, Cortez n
Clear and Present Danger
Clear and Present Danger is a political thriller novel, written by Tom Clancy and published on August 17, 1989. A sequel to The Cardinal of the Kremlin, main character Jack Ryan becomes acting Deputy Director of Intelligence in the Central Intelligence Agency, discovers that he is being kept in the dark by his colleagues who are conducting a covert war against a drug cartel based in Colombia, it debuted at number one on the New York Times bestseller list. A film adaptation, featuring Harrison Ford reprising his role as Ryan, was released on August 3, 1994; the President of the United States, running for reelection, finds a fierce opponent in Ohio Governor J. Robert Fowler, who has rallied the American public behind his administration's failures in the War on Drugs; this provides National Security Advisor James Cutter with an opportunity to help him initiate covert operations within Colombia with intent to disrupt the illegal drug trade there. Aided by CIA Deputy Director Robert Ritter and CIA director Arthur Moore, the plan involves inserting light infantry troops with Hispanic descent into the country to stake out airstrips used by the cartel, which allows F-15 Eagles to intercept drug flights.
In addition, mobile phone communications between cartel management are intercepted through CAPER, the communications arm for SHOWBOAT. Meanwhile, a U. S. Coast Guard cutter Panache intercepts a yacht in the Caribbean Sea. Through a mock trial and execution, the Coast Guardsmen force the killers to confess to their crimes; the Federal Bureau of Investigation proceeds to seize the laundered money from several banks in the United States and Europe, which amounted to over 650 million dollars. The seizure of the cartel money by the FBI infuriates drug cartel leader Ernesto Escobedo, who had ordered the hit on the American businessman. Meanwhile, his intelligence officer Felix Cortez finds out about FBI director Emil Jacobs's official visit to the Attorney General of Colombia, as a result, Escobedo orders the assassination of Jacobs without informing Cortez. Upon arriving in the city of Bogotá, the FBI director's motorcade was ambushed, killing him as well as the Drug Enforcement Administration head and the U.
S. ambassador to Colombia. Enraged, the President authorizes Operation RECIPROCITY, stepping up Cutter's operations and declaring war on Escobedo's drug organization. A surgical airstrike on a drug kingpin's mansion during a meeting of several cartel members kills everyone inside, he deduces that the Americans have been conducting operations against the Colombian drug cartel, but plays along, planning to engineer a war within the cartel that will leave him in a position to seize power. He dispatches mercenaries to hunt down the American troops, blackmails Cutter in a secret meeting into shutting down all covert operations against the cartel in exchange for slowing down drug imports to the United States. Meanwhile, Jack Ryan, former Marine and the acting CIA Deputy Director after his boss James Greer was hospitalized for pancreatic cancer, suspects the agency's involvement in the situation in Colombia, his position enables him to be aware of most operations, but he realizes he is being kept out of the loop.
After his friend, fighter pilot Robby Jackson, makes an inquiry into activity in the region, Ryan becomes determined to find out what is going on finding out about the covert operations from breaking into Ritter's files in his office. Outraged, he seeks help from the FBI and meets John Clark, a CIA operative and former Navy SEAL coordinating CAPER. Having been ordered by the President to shut down all covert operations against the cartel to avoid the political fallout, Cutter does so after his secret meeting with Cortez, secretly provides the latter with the coordinates of the American troops in Colombia for him to hunt down, their meeting having been shadowed by the FBI, Ryan and Clark become outraged. S. Air Force helicopter. Although they suffer casualties from encountering mercenaries employed by the cartel along the way, they extract the survivors — one of them being Staff Sergeant Domingo "Ding" Chavez — and capture Cortez and Escobedo in a raid on the cartel's command post. Cortez is returned to Cuba, where he is branded as a traitor by his former colleagues.
Upon being confronted by Clark with evidence of his treason, Cutter commits suicide. Ryan confronts the defiant President for not informing him about the covert operations in Colombia. Meanwhile, Clark takes Chavez under his wing and recruits him into the CIA; the President Vice Admiral James A. Cutter, Jr.: Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs Arthur Moore: Director of Central Intelligence Jack Ryan: Acting CIA Deputy Director Robert Ritter: CIA Deputy Director Emil Jacobs: Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation Dan Murray: Deputy assistant director of the FBI Moira Wolfe: Executive secretary to FBI Director Jacobs. Seduced by Cortez in order to obtain information about his boss and the FBI his secret trip to the Atto
Antawn Cortez Jamison is an American former professional basketball player who played 16 seasons in the National Basketball Association. He played college basketball for the North Carolina Tar Heels, being named national player of the year in 1998, he was selected by the Toronto Raptors as the fourth overall pick of the 1998 NBA draft traded to the Golden State Warriors for former Tar Heel teammate Vince Carter. Named to the NBA All-Rookie Team with the Warriors, Jamison was a two-time All-Star and won the NBA Sixth Man of the Year Award in 2004, he was a member of the United States national team in 2006. Upon retiring he became an analyst for Time Warner Cable SportsNet. Jamison was born in Louisiana, his parents named him "Antoine". The error was never corrected. Jamison played football at Quail Hollow Middle School in Charlotte, North Carolina, he went on to play high school basketball at Charlotte's Providence High School, where he was named a McDonald's All-American after his senior season.
Jamison played three seasons of college basketball for the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, averaging 19.0 points and 9.9 rebounds per game. In his junior year, he was awarded both the Naismith and Wooden Awards as the most outstanding men's college basketball player for the 1997–98 season. Jamison decided to forgo his senior year of eligibility and enter the NBA draft in 1998, he subsequently returned and earned a B. A. in Afro-American and African studies, graduating in August 1999. On March 1, 2000, Jamison's #33 was retired at the Dean E. Smith Center, the seventh Tarheel so honored. Jamison was selected with the fourth pick of the 1998 NBA draft by the Toronto Raptors, who dealt his rights to the Golden State Warriors in exchange for former North Carolina teammate and best friend Vince Carter. Jamison spent the first five years of his NBA career with the Warriors, he scored a career-high 51 points on back-to-back against Seattle and the Lakers. He averaged a career-high 24.9 points per game in his third season in the league.
In 2003, he was traded to the Dallas Mavericks in a nine-player deal that sent Jamison, forwards Danny Fortson and Chris Mills, guard Jiří Welsch to the Mavs and guard Nick Van Exel, center Evan Eschmeyer, guard Avery Johnson, forwards Popeye Jones and Antoine Rigaudeau to the Warriors. With Dallas, Jamison experienced his first winning season in 2003–04 as the Mavericks finished 52–30 and made the playoffs, which marked the first time in his career that Jamison had experienced post-season play. Jamison was named as the NBA's Sixth Man of the Year for his efforts; the Mavericks suffered a setback in the first round. At season's end Jamison was traded again, this time to the Wizards, in exchange for former Tar Heel Jerry Stackhouse, Christian Laettner, a first-round draft pick. In the 2004–05 season with the Wizards, he was named to the NBA All-Star team for the first time in his career and the Wizards enjoyed a solid 45–37 win–loss season, their finest effort in 26 years, they made the playoffs for the first time since 1997 and advanced to the second round for the first time since 1982.
In 2006, Jamison played for the US national team in the 2006 FIBA World Championship, winning a bronze medal. Jamison led the Wizards against the Cleveland Cavaliers in the first round of the 2007 playoffs. Jamison averaged 10 rebounds per game during the series. During the 2007–08 season, Jamison was named to his second NBA Eastern All-Star team. On June 30, 2008, Jamison signed a four-year, $50 million contract with the Wizards. Jamison stated his desire to end his career with the Wizards. On February 17, 2010, Jamison was traded to the Cleveland Cavaliers as part of a three-team, six-player trade that sent Al Thornton from the Los Angeles Clippers to the Washington Wizards, Žydrūnas Ilgauskas, a 2010 first-round pick and the rights to Emir Preldžič from Cleveland to Washington, Drew Gooden from Washington to Los Angeles and Sebastian Telfair from Los Angeles to Cleveland. In his first game with the Cleveland Cavaliers against the Charlotte Bobcats, Jamison scored only two points from two free throws as he went 0 for 12 from the field.
In his second game with the Cavaliers, Jamison scored 19 points against the Orlando Magic. The Cleveland Cavaliers made the NBA playoffs as the team with the best record; the Cavaliers defeated Derrick Rose and the Chicago Bulls in five games, but fell to the Boston Celtics in 6 games. Weeks after the series, Jamison's teammate LeBron James left the Cavaliers, to join the Miami Heat alongside Dwyane Wade and Chris Bosh. Antawn Jamison and the Cleveland Cavaliers had little success in the 2010–11 NBA season, they would set NBA history with a 26-game losing streak. That streak was snapped with a 126–119 overtime win against the Los Angeles Clippers. In January 2011, Jamison said that he was considering retirement, that his 2011–12 season could be his last. On February 27, in a loss to the 76ers, Jamison broke his left pinky, he underwent a surgery, would be out the rest of the season. He finished his 14th NBA season in 2011–12 with averages of 17.2 points and 6.3 rebounds. On July 25, 2012, Jamison signed with the Los Angeles Lakers for the NBA veteran's minimum.
On November 30 against the Denver Nuggets, he scored a season-high 33 points and grabbed 12 rebounds, becoming the first Laker since Shaquille O'Neal in 1998 to record a 30/10 game as a reserve
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez known by her initials, AOC, is an American politician and member of the Democratic Party. Since January 3, 2019, she has been the U. S. Representative for New York's 14th congressional district; the district includes the eastern part of The Bronx and portions of north-central Queens in New York City. Ocasio-Cortez drew national recognition when she won the Democratic Party's primary election for New York's 14th congressional district on June 26, 2018, defeating the ten-term incumbent Congressman, Democratic Caucus Chair Joe Crowley, in what was seen as the biggest upset victory in the 2018 midterm election primaries, she beat Republican opponent Anthony Pappas in the November 6, 2018, general election, at age 29, became the youngest woman to serve in the United States Congress. Ocasio-Cortez has been noted for her substantial social media presence relative to her fellow members of Congress. Ocasio-Cortez is a member of the Democratic Socialists of America. Ocasio-Cortez and Rashida Tlaib are the first two members of the group in Congress.
She advocates for a progressive platform that includes Medicare For All, a federal jobs guarantee, a proposed Green New Deal, abolishing U. S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, free public college and trade school, a 70% marginal tax rate for incomes above $10 million. Before running for Congress, she served as an educational director for the 2017 Northeast Collegiate World Series for the National Hispanic Institute and as a waitress and bartender. Ocasio-Cortez majored in international relations and economics at Boston University, graduating cum laude in 2011. Ocasio-Cortez was born in The Bronx, New York City, on October 13, 1989, to Blanca Ocasio-Cortez and Sergio Ocasio in a Catholic family, she has Gabriel Ocasio-Cortez. Her father became an architect, she has described her Puerto Rican community as an amalgamation: "We are black. Until age five, Ocasio-Cortez lived with her family in an apartment in the neighborhood of Parkchester; the family moved to a house in a suburb in Westchester County.
Ocasio-Cortez attended Yorktown High School, graduating in 2007. She came in second in the Microbiology category of the Intel International Science and Engineering Fair with a microbiology research project on the effect of antioxidants on the lifespan of the nematode C. elegans. In a show of appreciation for her efforts, the MIT Lincoln Laboratory named a small asteroid after her: 23238 Ocasio-Cortez. In high school, she took part in the National Hispanic Institute's Lorenzo de Zavala Youth Legislative Session, she became the LDZ Secretary of State while she attended Boston University. Ocasio-Cortez had a John F. Lopez Fellowship. In 2008, while Ocasio-Cortez was a sophomore at Boston University, her father died of lung cancer. During college, she served as an intern in the immigration office during the final year of U. S. Senator Ted Kennedy's tenure. "I was the only Spanish speaker, as a result, as a kid—a 19-, 20-year-old kid—whenever a frantic call would come into the office because someone is looking for their husband because they have been snatched off the street by ICE, I was the one that had to pick up that phone," Ocasio-Cortez said.
"I was the one that had to help that person navigate that system."She graduated cum laude from Boston University's College of Arts and Sciences in 2011, majoring in international relations and economics. When her father died intestate in 2008, she became involved in a long probate battle to settle his estate, she has said that the experience helped her learn "firsthand how attorneys appointed by the court to administer an estate can enrich themselves at the expense of the families struggling to make sense of the bureaucracy". After college, Ocasio-Cortez found work as an educational director. Following the death of her father, she took on an additional job working 18-hour shifts as a bartender and waitress to help her mother—a house cleaner and school-bus driver—fight foreclosure of their home. Ocasio-Cortez launched Brook Avenue Press, a publishing firm for books that portray the Bronx in a positive light, she worked as lead educational strategist at Inc.. Ocasio-Cortez worked for the nonprofit National Hispanic Institute, serving as the Educational Director of the 2017 Northeast Collegiate World Series, a five-day long program targeted at college-bound high school students from across the United States and other countries, where she participated in the panel on the future of Latino leadership.
In the 2016 primary, Ocasio-Cortez worked as an organizer for Bernie Sanders's 2016 presidential campaign. After the general election, she traveled across America by car, visiting places such as Flint and Standing Rock Indian Reservation in North Dakota, speaking to people affected by the Flint water crisis and the Dakota Access Pipeline. In an interview she recalled her December 2016 visit to Standing Rock as a tipping point, saying that before that, she had believed that the only way to run for office was to have access to wealth, social influence, power, but her visit to North Dakota, where she saw others "putting their whole lives and everything that they had on the line for the protection of their community", inspired her to begin to work for her own community. One day after she visited North Dakota, she got a phone call from Brand New Congress, recruiting progressive candidates. Ocasio-Cortez began her campaign while waiting tables and tending bar at Fla