Cortland County, New York
Cortland County is a county located in the U. S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population of Cortland County was 49,336; the county seat is Cortland. The county is named after Pierre Van Cortlandt, president of the convention at Kingston that wrote the first New York State Constitution in 1777, first lieutenant governor of the state. Cortland County comprises the Cortland, NY Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Ithaca-Cortland, NY Combined Statistical Area; the Cortland apple is named for the county. Located in the glaciated Appalachian Plateau area of Central New York, midway between Syracuse and Binghamton, this predominantly rural county is the southeastern gateway to the Finger Lakes Region. Scattered archaeological evidence indicates the Iroquois known as the Haudenosaunee controlled the area beginning about AD 1500. What was to become Cortland County remained within Indian territory until the American Revolution, it became part of the Military Tract, when, in 1781, more than 1¼ million acres were set aside by the State's Legislature to compensate two regiments formed to protect the State's western section from the English and their Iroquois allies, at the close of the Revolution.
To encourage settlement in the upstate isolated wilderness, the State constructed a road from Oxford through Cortland County to Cayuga Lake in 1792-94. This, construction of financed roads, were the major impetus to settlement; when counties were established in New York in 1683, the present Cortland County was part of Albany County, which encompassed the northern part of New York and all of the present State of Vermont, as well as indeterminate territory to west. On March 12, 1772, present day Cortland County became part of Tryon County, named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of the county was changed to honor General Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, thus replacing the name of the locally unpopular British governor. Present day Cortland County became part of Herkimer County in 1791 became a part of Onondaga County when it split from Herkimer in 1794.
Cortland County was formed by the splitting of Onondaga County in 1808. Eastern New Yorkers and New Englanders, wanting new land to farm, welcomed the opening of this frontier; the first white settlement in the county was made in 1791 by Amos Todd, Joseph Beebe and Rhoda Todd Beebe, emigrants from Connecticut who paddled up the Tioughnioga River from Windsor, to live near the head of navigation in the Town of Homer. Following them came a flood of settlers who, in 1808, petitioned the State Legislature for county status. Thus, Cortland County was created from the southern half of Onondaga County as part of the Boston Ten Towns on April 8, 1808, was named in honor of the Pierre Van Cortlandt family - Pierre, Sr. having been the first lieutenant governor of the state. The 76th New York Volunteer Infantry was one of the most famous of the New York units in the Civil War, it was raised in 1861 from Cortland County and the surrounding areas. The 76th was in most of the major battles the Army of the Potomac fought from Second Bull Run through Petersburg, at which time the three-year enlistment of most of the men ran out and the 300 or so men remaining from the 1,100 who left Cortland either returned home or transferred to other units.
At the Battle of Gettysburg, the 76th New York was one of the first infantry regiments on the field, holding down the extreme right of the Union line on the first day. The regiment took huge casualties in that battle - nearly one-third of its strength - including its commander Major Andrew J. Grover, the first infantry officer killed in the battle. Today, Cortland county is noted for the production of CNC milling machines, hospitality supplies, medical instruments and components, electrical components, plastic consumer goods, components for NASA and a variety of other goods and services. International exporting is an integral part of many of the corporations in the area; the county's present reflects its past. Agri-business flourishes yet, consistent with the pattern elsewhere in New York State, the number of farms has declined while farm size and yield have increased. Continued growth in the service and light industry sectors is contributing to the growing strength of the Central New York region and the Southern Tier region.
The loss of many of its local businesses has led to the current economic decline of the region. Cornell University, Syracuse University, State University of New York Binghamton and Ithaca College are all within an easy 45 minute drive of the City of Cortland; the State University College at Cortland and Tompkins Cortland Community College are located in the county. Cortland County is a swing county, having voted for the national winner in every presidential election from 1980 to the present. In 2000, Al Gore lost Cortland County by only about 1%. In 2004, George Bush defeated John Kerry by 5 points; the city of Cortland itself, the largest city in the county, leans Democratic. In 2008, Barack Obama defeated John McCain 54-45%. In 2012, Barack Obama defeated Mitt Romney 53-44%. Bill Clinton carried it with a plurality in 1992 and 1996; the last Democrat to win a majority in Cortland County prior to Obama was Lyndon Johnson in 1964. Cortland County's lawmaking body is the legislature. All are elected from single member districts.
According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 502 square miles, of which 499 square miles is land and 2.8 square miles is water. Cortland County is somet
State University of New York College at Cortland
The State University of New York College at Cortland known as SUNY Cortland or Cortland State College, is a coeducational college in Cortland, New York, United States. In each of the four years to 2010, SUNY Cortland was named to the President's Higher Education Community Service Honor Roll and ranked by Kiplinger's among its 100 Best Values Among Public Colleges and Universities; the State University of New York College at Cortland was founded in 1868 as the Cortland Normal School, which included among its earliest students inventor and industrialist Elmer A. Sperry of Sperry Rand Corp; the campus continually grew, in 1941, by an act of legislature and the Board of Regents, the institution became a four-year college providing courses leading to the bachelor's degree and soon was acknowledged as Cortland State Teachers College. In 1948, Cortland was a founding member of the State University of New York. Cortland is off of Interstate 81, between Binghamton; the college's main campus includes 30 traditional and modern buildings.
Fourteen of these structures are residence halls that provide housing for 3,000 students. SUNY Cortland operates its Outdoor Education Center at Raquette Lake in the Adirondacks, the Hoxie Gorge Nature Preserve outside Cortland, the Brauer Education Center on the Helderberg Escarpment near Albany; the U. S. Department of the Interior in 2004 designated Camp Pine Knot, now known as the Huntington Memorial Camp and part of its Outdoor Education center at Raquette Lake, N. Y. as the first and only National Historic Landmark within the State University of New York. Camp Pine Knot was the first Great Camp of the Adirondacks and the birthplace of what is now known as the Adirondack style of architecture. SUNY Cortland has 55,000 alumni who live in more than 40 countries. Cortland is a comprehensive college within the State University of New York system. Mission SUNY Cortland is an academic community dedicated to diverse learning experiences. Students grow as engaged citizens with a strong social conscience fostered by outstanding teaching and service.
Vision SUNY Cortland will be a college of opportunity, from which students graduate with the knowledge, integrity and compassion to excel as leaders, scholars and champions of excellence. Prospective students and employees will choose the College in response to its nationally recognized academic programs and experiential learning, the rich intellectual and athletic life on the campus. SUNY Cortland will be a center for intellectual and economic growth, distinguished by successful partnerships with organizations, schools and businesses throughout the region, the nation and the world. Today 6,858 students are pursuing degrees within the College's three academic divisions — arts and sciences and professional studies. Twenty-eight academic departments with a faculty of more than 600 offer the SUNY Cortland student body 50 majors and 38 minors from which to choose, plus 33 graduate majors and four certificates of advanced study. Cortland has the largest teacher education program in the Eastern United States and the fourth largest in the United States, along with one of the largest US undergraduate programs in physical education.
SUNY Cortland has over 100 student clubs. In 2015, the school opened a $56 million Student Life Center; the SLC covers more than 150,000 square feet and includes a three-court gymnasium, a swimming pool, indoor running track, rock climbing wall, dining bistro, table tennis room, game room, combatives room, various exercise spaces, a golf simulator, state-of-the-art cardio and weight training equipment. The Cortland Red Dragons are the athletic teams for SUNY Cortland; the college competes in NCAA Division III in the State University of New York Athletic Conference for most sports. Football played in the New Jersey Athletic Conference from 2000–14 and will be moving to the Empire 8 in 2015. Wrestling competes in the Empire Collegiate Wrestling Conference, the women's ice hockey team competes in the ECAC West, women's gymnastics is a National Collegiate Gymnastics Association East member, women's golf is an independent, as those sports are not offered by the SUNYAC. SUNY Cortland has had the most nationally successful men's and women's intercollegiate athletics program in New York over the past two decades.
In 1995, the Sears Directors' Cup was established to gauge and recognize the most successful intercollegiate athletics programs in the nation. SUNY Cortland is one of only five colleges and universities in the U. S. to have finished every year among the Top 25 NCAA Division III programs. Cortland placed 12th out of 440 schools during the 2015–16 competition, now known as the Learfield Sports Directors' Cup; the competition is sponsored by USA Today, the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics, Learfield Sports. The standings are based on schools' national finishes in different sports; the Cortland Red Dragons annually play Ithaca College Bombers for the Cortaca Jug, added in 1959 to an competitive rivalry. The match-up is one of the most prominent in Division III college football, it was called the "biggest little game in the nation" by Sports Illustrated in 1991. The Red Dragons had a seven-game winning streak as of November 2016, but lost 48-20 in 2017, they play the Cortaca Mic game every Friday before the Cortaca Jug game.
Which is played between the Cortland school radio stations. Cortland has never lost this game. Cortland snapped Salisbury University's 69-game win streak to capture the 2006 NCAA Men's Lacrosse Div. III National Championship. Th
USS Cortland (APA-75)
USS Cortland was a Gilliam-class attack transport that served with the US Navy during World War II. Commissioned late in the war, she was assigned to transport duties and did not participate in combat operations. Cortland was named after New York, she was launched 18 October 1944 by Consolidated Steel at Wilmington, under a Maritime Commission contract. While Cortland was being outfitted at San Pedro on 5 January 1945, her watch apprehended beneath the pier a prowler who upon investigation proved to be a German spy, his avowed mission was to damage the ship with explosives which he had dropped overboard when caught. Cortland completed her outfit and shakedown uneventfully and sailed to Seattle to embark Army troops, clearing 1 March for training operations in the Hawaiian Islands, she returned to San Francisco on 4 June for repairs embarked Army troops at Seattle and sailed 24 June for Okinawa where she disembarked her passengers and cargo 12 August. She put out from Okinawa 26 September 1945 to land Marines at Tientsin for the reoccupation of northern China sailed by way of Manila to lift Chinese troops from Hong Kong to Chinwangtao and Tsingtao for the reoccupation of Manchuria, in two voyages between 25 October and 25 November.
Arriving at Sasebo 30 November, Cortland embarked homeward-bound troops and sailed 7 December for San Diego, arriving 23 December for overall. Cortland carried Marines from the Hawaiians to San Diego between 19 January and 4 February 1946 sailed from San Pedro 24 February to operate under JTF-1 in Operation Crossroads, the atomic weapons tests in the Marshalls. Returning to San Francisco 13 September, she remained there until 5 November when she sailed for New York and Norfolk, where she arrived 5 December. Cortland was decommissioned 30 December 1946 and transferred to the Maritime Commission for disposal 31 March 1948. Scrapped August 1966 by Boston Metals Company. Cortland, DANFS Online. APA-75 Cortland, Navsource Online; this article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships
Cortland is a cultivar of apple, raised at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, New York, United States in 1898. The apple was named after New York, it is among the fifteen most popular in the United States. After the many attributes of McIntosh were discovered, plant breeders began crossing it with other varieties to enhance its traits. One of the earliest was the'Cortland', its flavor is sweet compared to McIntosh, it has a flush of crimson against a pale yellow background sprinkled with short, dark red stripes and gray-green dots. It was first bred by American horoculturalist S. A Beach. Has a white flesh and makes a great dessert apple; the original Cortland variety, introduced in 1915 by the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, produced apples which were 20–30% red, was not patented. Since several sports have been identified and patented: Birgit Bonnier
Cortland, New York
Cortland is a city in Cortland County, New York, United States of America. Known as the Crown City, Cortland is located in New York's Southern Tier region; as of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 19,204. It is the county seat of Cortland County; the city of Cortland, near the western border of the county, is surrounded by the town of Cortlandville. The city is within the former Central New York Military Tract; the city is named after Pierre Van Cortlandt, the first lieutenant governor of the state of New York. Cortland, settled in 1791, was made a village in 1853, was incorporated as a city in 1900 as the 41st city in New York state; when the county was formed in 1808, Cortland vied with other villages and won the status of becoming the county seat. Known as the "Crown City" because of its location on a plain formed by the convergence of seven valleys, Cortland is situated at 1,130 feet above sea level. Forty stars representing the 40 cities incorporated before Cortland circle the State of New York and Crown on the city's official seal.
The seven points of the crown create seven valleys depicting Cortland's seven surrounding valleys. The 41st star in the center of the crown illustrates Cortland as the closest incorporated city to the geographic center of New York; the leading industry in Cortland in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century was the Wickwire Brothers wire drawing mill, noted for its production of wire hardware cloth for use as window screens. Durkee's Bakery, founded by Michael C. Antil and Albert Durkee in 1931 from the failed Durkee's Retail bake store - became an employer of more than 250; the extent of their wealth is commemorated in a pair of magnificent mansions. The Victorian Chateauesque style home of Chester Wickwire is now the 1890 House Museum & Center for Victorian Arts, while the 1912 home of Charles Wickwire is now owned and operated by the SUNY Cortland Alumni Association, it is open to the public as well as being used by the Alumni Association to host college-related events and house visiting dignitaries.
Cortland was home to Brockway Motor Company, a pioneering truck maker. Begun in 1875 as Brockway Carriage Works, it was taken over by Mack Trucks in 1956, survived until 1977; the city continues to host an annual show of Brockway trucks. Cortland boasts a classic octagon house and the still-operating, garden-type Cortland Rural Cemetery. In 1868 Cortland became the home of the Cortland Normal School, now the State University of New York at Cortland. From 1960 to 1992, Smith Corona typewriters were manufactured in Cortland. In 2006, Cortland's historic clock tower burned down, it was re-built, with spaces for both businesses and apartment style housing. The Cortland County Courthouse, Cortland County Poor Farm, Cortland Fire Headquarters, Cortland Free Library, First Presbyterian Church Complex, William J. Greenman House, Randall Farm, Tompkins Street Historic District, Unitarian Universalist Church, United States Post Office are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Carl Carmer, author Charles Henry De Groat, Union Army brigadier general William Dillon, composer and vaudevillian Ronnie James Dio, former frontman for Rainbow and Black Sabbath.
Antil, Co-Founder Durkee's Cake Kitchen - 1931 Gideon C. Moody, former senator of South Dakota Mark Nauseef, musician Alton B. Parker, Democratic candidate for president in 1904 Sime Silverman, publisher Eric Soderholm, former professional baseball player Elmer Ambrose Sperry, inventor of gyroscopic compass who held over 400 patents. Cortland lies between New York, it is surrounded by the town of Cortlandville. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 3.92 square miles, of which 3.90 square miles is land and 0.02 square miles, or 0.51%, is water. The Tioughnioga River, a tributary of the Susquehanna River, flows southward past the city. Interstate 81, U. S. Route 11, New York State Route 281 are north-south highways servicing the city. New York State Route 13 and New York State Route 41 serve the city. Via I-81 it is 40 miles south to Binghamton. NY-13 leads southwest 18 miles to Ithaca. Local public transportation by bus is provided by Cortland Transit. Greyhound provides the city with intercity bus service with connections to Syracuse and points beyond.
The closest Amtrak train station is in Syracuse. Air service is provided by Cortland County Airport located west of the city; as of the census of 2000, there were 18,740 people, 6,922 households, 3,454 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,778.6 people per square mile
Cortland is a village in Gage County, United States. The population was 482 at the 2010 census. Cortland was platted in 1884, it was named after the city of New York. Cortland is located at 40°30′25″N 96°42′25″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.26 square miles, all of it land. The village is located 20 miles south of Lincoln, Nebraska and 18 miles north of Beatrice, Nebraska along U. S. Highway 77, it is located within Norris School District 160, in Firth, Nebraska. As of the census of 2010, there were 482 people, 204 households, 138 families residing in the village; the population density was 1,853.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 219 housing units at an average density of 842.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 98.8% White, 0.6% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.2% of the population. There were 204 households of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.3% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.0% had a male householder with no wife present, 32.4% were non-families.
24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.83. The median age in the village was 40.4 years. 24.1% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 50.8% male and 49.2% female. In 2010, the median household annual income was $60,417; the median family income was $70,278. Income per capita was $27,284. For females working full time the median income was $37,321 and for males was $41,563. Of the population aged 16 or older, 271 were employed and 27 were unemployed; the average commute time to work was 27 minutes with 238 of the working population over age 16 commuting to work. As of the census of 2000, there were 488 people, 198 households, 149 families residing in the village; the population density was 1,911.2 people per square mile. There were 209 housing units at an average density of 818.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 98.77% White, 0.20% Asian, 1.02% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.41% of the population. There were 198 households out of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.7% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.7% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.89. In the village, the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.7 males. As of 2000 the median income for a household in the village was $40,694, the median income for a family was $47,000. Males had a median income of $31,583 versus $23,000 for females; the per capita income for the village was $17,053.
About 2.7% of families and 4.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.6% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over
Cortland Temujin Finnegan is a former American football cornerback. He played college football at Samford, was drafted by the Tennessee Titans in the seventh round of the 2006 NFL Draft. Finnegan played for the St. Louis Rams, Miami Dolphins, Carolina Panthers and New Orleans Saints. Finnegan attended Milton High School in Milton, where he starred as safety and tailback, earning second-team All-State as a senior in 2002, he caught 22 passes for 403 yards, averaged 3.4 yards per rush and scored 3 touchdowns rushing. On defense, he recorded. During his sophomore year, Finnegan was named first-team All-OVC, third-team All-OVC as returner, third-team All-American by Sports Network and earned Ohio Valley Conference Defensive Player of the Year honors, while starting every game. Finnegan totaled team and career-high 108 tackles, three tackles for loss, career-high three interceptions, eight passes defensed and two fumble recoveries, he returned 21 kickoffs for 577 yards and one touchdown; as a junior, Finnegan was named first-team All-OVC, while starting every game at free safety.
He led his team with 86 tackles, two tackles for loss, three interceptions, two passes defensed and one fumble forced. Finnegan returned 11 kickoffs for 286 yards. During his senior year at Samford, Finnegan was named first-team All-American by NFL Draft Report, first-team All-American by American Football Coaches Association and first-team All-OVC for third consecutive year, he started every game at free safety and led team with 98 tackles for third consecutive season and added two tackles for loss, one interception, seven passes defensed, one fumble forced and one fumble recovery. Cortland Finnegan ranked first in OVC conference with 15.1 punt return average, while returning 14 punts for 212 yards and one touchdown. Ranked second in OVC conference with 25.1 kickoff return average on 15 returns for 376 yards. Playing at FCS school Samford, Finnegan was unnoticed and overlooked in the 2006 NFL Draft, he displayed good speed at Samford's Pro Day, but lacked ideal height and was deemed a shaky tackler.
Sports Illustrated projected him to go undrafted, but Finnegan was selected by the Tennessee Titans with the seventh pick of the seventh round. He was the first Samford player drafted since Gary Fleming went 163rd overall to the Baltimore Colts in the 1969 NFL Draft. Finnegan played in all 16 games with two starts. Finnegan had 57 tackles, two sacks, three quarterback pressures, one tackle for a loss, seven passes defensed, one forced fumble, he returned a fumble from David Garrard for a ninety-two-yard touchdown during the December 17 game against Jacksonville, he tied for fourth on the team with 15 special teams tackles with one fumble recovery. Finnegan was named the AFC Defensive Player of the Week for the first time for intercepting two David Garrard passes during his Week 1 performance of the 2008 season. Finnegan was a pleasant surprise for Tennessee in the 2006–07 season after starting at the beginning of the Titans' six-game win streak, he made plays left and right. It was one of the three defensive touchdowns for the Titans in that game—a franchise record.
In his NFL debut against the Jets he had forced fumble. On December 16, 2008, the National Football League named Finnegan a 2009 Pro Bowl starter alongside Oakland Raiders corner Nnamdi Asomugha, it was Finnegan's only Pro Bowl selection. In 2010, Finnegan became a member of School of the Legends, an online community and partner of the NFLPA. SOTL's headquarters are located in Tennessee, he became Titans' Community Man of the Year due to his fundraising efforts and the establishment of ARK 31, a non-profit charity for children with disabilities and special needs. In September 2010, Finnegan was fined $5,000 for throwing New York Giants wide receiver Steve Smith to the ground by his helmet. In October 2010, Finnegan was fined $10,000 for unnecessary roughness after hitting Denver Broncos guard Chris Kuper after Kuper's helmet was off. After this incident, the NFL warned Finnegan that similar infractions in the future would lead to increased discipline. On November 28, 2010, Finnegan was involved in a helmet-throwing fist fight with Houston Texans wide receiver Andre Johnson.
Finnegan and Johnson were ejected, each subsequently fined $25,000. Finnegan signed a five-year, $50 million deal with the St. Louis Rams on March 13, 2012. Following his former coach, Jeff Fisher, from the Titans to the Rams. In Week 1, in his first game with the St. Louis Rams, against the Detroit Lions, Finnegan intercepted a Matthew Stafford pass and returned it for a touchdown. In Week 2, against the Washington Redskins, Finnegan was able to draw a penalty against Redskins receiver Josh Morgan in the closing seconds; the 15-yard penalty turned what would've been a game tying 47-yard field goal attempt into a 62-yard attempt. The attempt was no good and St. Louis recorded its first victory of the year. On October 26, Finnegan was fined $7,875 for grabbing Green Bay Packers receiver Jordy Nelson's facemask in Week 7. On March 5, 2014, it was announced Finnegan would be released from the St. Louis Rams at the beginning of the new league year. On March 14, 2014, Finnegan signed with the Miami Dolphins.
After totaling 44 tackles but no interceptions, he was released by the team on March 2, 2015. On March 11, 2015, Finnegan announced his retirement from the NFL. Finnegan came out of retirement after less than a year, signing a one-year deal with the Carolina Panthers on November 3