Cortlandt Street (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)

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 Cortlandt Street
 
Closed New York City Subway station
Cortlandt St station demolished.jpg
Station destruction caused by September 11, 2001 attacks
Station statistics
Address 180 Greenwich Street,
New York, NY 10007 United States
Borough Manhattan
Locale Financial District, World Trade Center
Coordinates 40°42′36″N 74°00′43″W / 40.71°N 74.012°W / 40.71; -74.012Coordinates: 40°42′36″N 74°00′43″W / 40.71°N 74.012°W / 40.71; -74.012
Division A (IRT)
Line       IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line
Services None
Transit connections Subway transportation Port Authority Trans-Hudson PATH: NWK–WTC, HOB–WTC (at World Trade Center)
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened July 1, 1918; 100 years ago (1918-07-01)
Closed September 11, 2001; 16 years ago (2001-09-11)
Rebuilt October 2018; 2 months' time (October 2018) (projected)[1]
Station code 328[2]
Accessible not ADA-accessible; currently undergoing renovations for ADA access
Former/other names Cortlandt Street–World Trade Center
Traffic
Passengers (2017) 0[3]Steady 0%
Rank 425 out of 425
Station succession
Next north Chambers Street: no passenger service
Next south Rector Street: no passenger service

Cortlandt Street (also known as Cortlandt Street–World Trade Center) is a temporarily closed station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway in Lower Manhattan. The station was demolished after sustaining heavy damage during the September 11 attacks, as of 2015, it is being reconstructed as a part of the World Trade Center Transportation Hub. It is expected to reopen in October 2018 and will serve the 1 train at all times, as it did prior to the attacks.

Station layout[edit]

G Street level Vesey Street, West Broadway, Greenwich Street, September 11 Memorial and Museum
B1
Upper Concourse[4]
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound Broadway "R" train toward Forest Hills–71st Avenue (City Hall)
"W" train weekdays ("N" train late nights) toward Ditmars Boulevard (City Hall)
Southbound Broadway "R" train toward Bay Ridge–95th Street (Rector Street)
"W" train toward Whitehall Street–South Ferry weekdays (Rector Street)
"N" train toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue late nights (Rector Street)
Side platform, doors will open on the right Handicapped/disabled access
Balcony Westfield World Trade Center; elevators, escalators, and stairs to lower concourse
West Concourse Balcony Shops, passageway to Brookfield Place
Side platform, temporarily closed for construction
Northbound 7th Avenue "1" train does not stop here[a] (Chambers Street)
Southbound 7th Avenue "1" train does not stop here[a] (Rector Street)
Side platform, temporarily closed for construction
B2
Lower Concourse
[4]
Subway passageway "2" train"3" train"A" train"C" train"E" train trains at Chambers Street–World Trade Center
"2" train"3" train"4" train"5" train"A" train"C" train"J" train"Z" train trains via Fulton Center
Westfield World Trade Center Shops and booths
B3
Mezzanine
[4]
PATH fare control MetroCard/SmartLink machines, access to PATH platforms
West Concourse Shops, passageway to Brookfield Place
B4
PATH Platforms
[4]
Track 1      HOB–WTC (rush hours only) toward Hoboken (Exchange Place)
Island platform (Platform A) Handicapped/disabled access
Track 2[b]      HOB–WTC toward Hoboken (Exchange Place)
Island platform (Platform B) Handicapped/disabled access
Track 3[c]      HOB–WTC toward Hoboken (Exchange Place)
Track 4[d]      NWK–WTC toward Newark (Exchange Place)
Island platform (Platform C) Handicapped/disabled access
Track 5[e]      NWK–WTC toward Newark (Exchange Place)
Side platform (Platform D) Handicapped/disabled access

The original station was built at the intersection of Cortlandt and Greenwich Streets, in a part of Lower Manhattan nicknamed "Radio Row" because of the many electronics dealers on the street.[5] It had a standard two side platform layout with two tracks. Along each platform's wall were mosaic decorations by Squire J. Vickers depicting a ship.

The rebuilt station is being built at the same location under Greenwich Street. When it reopens, it will be connected to the Cortlandt Street BMT, Chambers Street–World Trade Center/Park Place, and World Trade Center PATH stations within the World Trade Center Transportation Hub.[6][7][8] The station will be ADA-accessible via an elevator at Vesey Street, as well as existing elevators to the World Trade Center Transportation Hub.[9]

Lower Manhattan transit
 1  2  3  Chambers Street
City Hall  R  W 
 A  C  E  Chambers Street–WTC
 2  3  Park Place
Cortlandt Street  R  W 
Fulton Street  2  3  4  5  A  C  J  Z 
Rector Street  R  W 
 4  5  Wall Street
Wall Street  2  3 
 4  5  Bowling Green
Broad Street  J  Z 
 1  R ​ ​ W  South Ferry/Whitehall Street

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

A shuttle along the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line, splitting from the original line at Times Square–42nd Street and going south to 34th Street–Penn Station, had opened in 1917.[10] The shuttle line was extended south to South Ferry on July 1, 1918, with Cortlandt Street being one of the stops along the South Ferry segment of the new extension. A shorter shuttle also ran from Chambers Street to Wall Street.[11] A new "H" system was implemented on August 1, 1918, and all trains on the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line north of Times Square were rerouted to South Ferry or Brooklyn via the new extension, while the old IRT line via 42nd Street became the modern-day 42nd Street Shuttle.[12]

In 1965, Cortlandt Street west of Church Street was demolished to create the superblock of the World Trade Center,[13] the station, with entrances at Vesey Street and inside the World Trade Center concourse,[14] was separated from the remaining block of Cortlandt Street.[13] The old tiling and mosaics were removed and replaced with the 1970s-style varnished, tan-colored brick tiles.[15] One of the Vickers mosaics was preserved in the New York Transit Museum.

During the 1980s, when service levels across the subway system were decreased greatly from their heyday in the 1910s, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority installed the system's first train-frequency schedules at Cortlandt Street. Older timetables and maps elsewhere had been removed since they had become inaccurate.[16]

September 11 attacks[edit]

The station and the surrounding subway tunnels were severely damaged in the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks from the collapse of Two World Trade Center, resulting in the closure of the line south of Chambers Street. The steel I-beams of the station were crumpled and the station roof collapsed, as the tunnel had been located 40 feet (12 m) underground, relatively close to ground level.[17] To quickly restore service to Rector Street and South Ferry stations to the south, workers demolished the remainder of the station and built walls where the platforms used to be. About 1,000 feet (300 m) of tunnels and trackage, including 575 feet (175 m) of totally destroyed tunnels and tracks in the vicinity of the station site as it traversed Ground Zero, were entirely rebuilt. However, officials wanted only to reopen Rector and South Ferry stations at the time, and Cortlandt Street was to be closed completely, with no replacement station. Eventually, it was decided that the Cortlandt Street station was to be demolished and rebuilt as part of the greater World Trade Center reconstruction project, since Cortlandt Street was such a vital station in the area and since a permanent closure would have been unfeasible,[18] the line reopened on September 15, 2002, with trains bypassing the site of the Cortlandt Street station.[19]

The northern entrance at Vesey Street was under a staircase to the plaza above, after the World Trade Center collapse on September 11, the staircase still stood and became known as the Survivors' Staircase.[20] The stairs were moved into the National September 11 Museum in July 2008.[21]

Reconstruction and delays[edit]

In October 2008, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ) stated in a report that it had come to an agreement with the MTA on reconstructing the Cortlandt Street station. The MTA would pay the Port Authority to rebuild the station as part of the Port Authority's World Trade Center Transportation Hub contract, in order to make the construction process more efficient.[22]:50 The Port Authority was set to complete underpinning and excavation under the tunnel structure by the second quarter of 2010, and start basic construction of the station during the 3rd quarter. Station finishes would start during the second quarter of 2011;[22]:50 in the second quarter report for 2010, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey confirmed that excavation under the tunnel structure of the World Trade Center site was nearly complete, and that construction of the Cortlandt Street station would begin during the third quarter of 2010.[23] As of September 2011, work continues on the station mezzanine and platforms.[7]

Disputes between the PANYNJ and the MTA over who would pay for the renovation had caused the planned opening of the station to be delayed from 2014 to 2018; in 2013, the PANYNJ awarded a contract to rebuild the station. The first phase of the demolition of the original station cost $19 million,[24] as of December 2013, the area is still being rebuilt,[25] and as of February 2015, the PANYNJ and the MTA have agreed to finish the station. The part of the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line on which Cortlandt Street station is located, south of Chambers Street, would be partially or intermittently closed between 2015 and 2018 to allow the station to resume construction.[26]

The tracks were walled off for the protection of the workers while the construction progressed, from 2008[27] to 2011,[7] the 1 train used an enclosed structure for a short distance when passing the site of the station, as a result of the massive excavation in the World Trade Center site.[24] When the site was filled back in, the developers of the new World Trade Center rebuilt Cortlandt Street across the site as one of the primary roads, resulting in the rebuilt station again serving its namesake once it opens.[13]

Station finishes, including tiles and lighting, would be installed in the station between May 2015 and 2018,[28] the PANYNJ agreed to "full access" to the station to the MTA in June 2017 once the temporary World Trade Center PATH entrance was demolished and the Cortlandt Street station foundation was poured.[29] The reconstruction of the station was set to cost $101 million[28] and would include new Americans with Disabilities Act-compliant entrances with elevators.[29] A $1 million weaving-based artwork by Ann Hamilton would be installed in the station by MTA Arts and Design; this artwork would feature words, from an undetermined historical document, engraved into the station walls.[28] Once the station opened, it would have an exit/entrance through the World Trade Center Transportation Hub, giving direct access from the subway to the PATH.[6] There would also be an out-of-system connection to the Fulton Center via the WTC Hub,[7] the station would open at the end of 2018 and will include track-intrusion systems, fire alarms, Help Points, CCTV cameras, and air conditioning.[30]

The MTA gained control of the station's reconstruction project in 2016. However, in January 2017, an independent engineer for the MTA said that the station's reopening could potentially be pushed back due to disagreements with station contractor Judlau Contracting, at that time, the MTA had spent $800,000 per month on the project, but it would need to spend four times as much money in order to meet the projected August 2018 deadline.[31] By September 2017, much of the communications, power, and ventilation infrastructure was being installed, but contractor work and Port Authority utility relocation were significantly delayed. According to the MTA's Capital Program Oversight Committee, the contractor had to more than double its productivity to ensure an October 2018 opening, with substantial completion in December 2018;[1] in April 2018, several news sources affirmed the possible opening date of October 2018.[32][33][34] By June, the station wiring was complete, architectural finishes and turnstiles were being installed, and elevators and escalators were being installed.[9]

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b The Cortlandt Street station on the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line (1 train) is closed until October 2018.
  2. ^ Formerly track 1
  3. ^ Formerly track 2
  4. ^ Formerly track 3
  5. ^ Formerly track 4

Citations

  1. ^ a b "Capital Program Oversight Committee Meeting - September 25, 2017" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 25, 2017. pp. 60–79. Retrieved September 25, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2012–2017". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018. 
  4. ^ a b c d Dunlap, David W. (2004-12-16). "Blocks; At Site of New Tower, a Game of Inches". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-02-19 (a diagram is available here). 
  5. ^ "Lost and Found Sound: The Stories". NPR. February 14, 2002. Retrieved September 15, 2017. 
  6. ^ a b Alberts, Hana R. (April 30, 2015). "9/11-Shuttered Cortlandt St. Stop Begins Road to Reopening". Curbed NY. Retrieved December 25, 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d Jennifer Fermino (September 7, 2011). "Cortlandt Street station comes back to life". New York Post. New York City: New York Post. Retrieved April 17, 2014. 
  8. ^ Yee, Vivian (November 9, 2014). "Fulton Center, a Subway Complex, Reopens in Lower Manhattan". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 15, 2017. 
  9. ^ a b "Capital Program Oversight Committee Meeting June 2018" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 18, 2018. p. 29. Retrieved June 17, 2018. 
  10. ^ "Three New Links of the Dual Subway System Opened, Including a Shuttle Service from Times Square to Thirty-Fourth Street — Service on the Jerome Avenue Branch From 149th Street North to About 225th Street Began Yesterday Afternoon — The Event Celebrated by Bronx Citizens and Property Owners — The Seventh Avenue Connection Opened This Morning" (PDF). The New York Times. June 3, 1917. p. 1. Retrieved November 6, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Open New Subway to Regular Traffic — First Train on Seventh Avenue Line Carries Mayor and Other Officials — To Serve Lower West Side — Whitney Predicts an Awakening of the District — New Extensions of Elevated Railroad Service" (PDF). The New York Times. July 2, 1918. p. 11. Retrieved November 6, 2016. 
  12. ^ "Open New Subway Lines to Traffic; Called a Triumph — Great H System Put in Operation Marks an Era in Railroad Construction — No Hitch in the Plans — But Public Gropes Blindly to Find the Way in Maze of New Stations — Thousands Go Astray — Leaders in City's Life Hail Accomplishment of Great Task at Meeting at the Astor" (PDF). The New York Times. August 2, 1918. p. 1. Retrieved November 6, 2016. 
  13. ^ a b c Dunlap, David W. (September 27, 2016). "The Resurrection of Greenwich Street". The New York Times. Retrieved September 15, 2017. 
  14. ^ Brennan, Joseph (2002). "Cortlandt St". Abandoned Stations. Retrieved September 15, 2017. 
  15. ^ Levine, Richard (March 30, 1987). "SAVING THE SUBWAY'S LAST MOSAICS". The New York Times. Retrieved September 15, 2017. 
  16. ^ Levine, Richard (January 5, 1987). "SUBWAY SCHEDULES COMING (AGAIN) TO A STATION NEAR YOU". The New York Times. Retrieved September 15, 2017. 
  17. ^ Kennedy, Randy (September 13, 2001). "AFTER THE ATTACKS: TRANSIT; Part of Subway Tunnel May Have Collapsed Under Weight of Debris, Officials Fear". The New York Times. Retrieved April 15, 2018. 
  18. ^ Kennedy, Randy (January 4, 2002). "Subway Line In Attack May Reopen Much Earlier". The New York Times. New York City: The New York Times. Retrieved April 17, 2014. 
  19. ^ Kennedy, Randy (September 17, 2002). "Tunnel Vision; With Station's Reopening, Even Commuters Smile". The New York Times. New York City: The New York Times. Retrieved October 6, 2007. 
  20. ^ Pinto, Nick (October 1, 2007). "Last Days Of The Lost Station". The Tribeca Trib. Archived from the original on January 11, 2010. 
  21. ^ Dunlap, David (July 18, 2008). "A Last Glimpse of the Survivors' Stairway". City Room. New York Times. Retrieved April 22, 2012. 
  22. ^ a b "World Trade Center Report: A Roadmap Forward" (PDF). panynj.gov. Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. October 2, 2008. 
  23. ^ "World Trade Center Quarterly Report 2nd Quarter 2010" (PDF). Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. 2010. pp. 9, 11. 
  24. ^ a b "NYC Subway Station Destroyed on 9/11 to Reopen in 2018". WNBC. New York City: NBC New York. February 23, 2015. Retrieved February 24, 2015. 
  25. ^ Work at Cortlandt Street station #1 train continues above ground at WTC Transportation Hub
  26. ^ Jose Martinez (February 23, 2015). "Cortlandt Street Station, Destroyed in 9/11, to Get New Life". NY1. Retrieved March 11, 2015. 
  27. ^ Dunlap, David W. (May 8, 2008). "Ground Zero's Train in a Box, Above a Forest of Steel". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 15, 2017. 
  28. ^ a b c Dunlap, David (April 28, 2015). "At Cortlandt Street Subway Station, Art Woven From Words". The New York Times. Retrieved April 30, 2015. 
  29. ^ a b "Capital Program Oversight Committee Meeting - March 2016" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. March 21, 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 16, 2016. Retrieved July 5, 2016. 
  30. ^ "Update on the Cortlandt Street Subway Station". Tribeca Citizen. June 15, 2017. Retrieved June 16, 2017. 
  31. ^ Barone, Vin (March 20, 2017). "Cortlandt Street station reopening could be delayed, again". am New York. Retrieved September 15, 2017. 
  32. ^ Barone, Vincent (April 23, 2018). "Cortlandt Street station to reopen in October". am New York. Retrieved May 1, 2018. 
  33. ^ "Subway station destroyed on 9/11 to re-open in October". ABC7 New York. April 23, 2018. Retrieved May 1, 2018. 
  34. ^ Rivoli, Dan (April 22, 2018). "No. 1 line to run again at Cortlandt St. station for first time since 9/11 destruction". New York Daily News. Retrieved May 1, 2018. 

Further reading

External links[edit]

External video
Video of the station taken in 1997-1998
World Trade Center NYC. The Vesey Street entrance in 1999 can be seen from 3:45 till 3:57
A rare view of Ground Zero on 9-16-01. The same entrance, already destroyed, can be seen from 5:25 till 7:20
Ten Years Later: MTA Reflects on 9/11, Metropolitan Transportation Authority; September 7, 2011; 4:20
January 2017 updates: northbound, southbound