The coppery pipistrelle is a species of vesper bat found only in Malaysia
The collared pipistrelle is a species of vesper bat found in Laos and Thailand
Argentine brown bat
The Argentine brown bat, is a bat species from South and Central America. The Argentine brown bat is a small to medium sized bat, its dorsal pelage is a cinnamon brown color, its ventral pelage is a dark brown to black. Based on time of year and the climate which the bat is found their dorsal pelage can range in various shades. Usually from mid-September through march they may be lighter, than in summer months. Argentine brown bats have distinctive; this species of bat differ from other species of the same family because their average body size is larger than E. diminutus but they are smaller than both E. basillensis and E.fuscus. One of the main defining characteristics is that Argentine brown bats maxillary tooth row differ in length compared to other species in that their average maxillary tooth-row length is between 5.4 and 6.3 mm in length. Sexual dimorphism is found in the Argentine brown bat where females are bigger in size. Argentine brown bats are found in highland terrains higher than 3,300 feet.
Eptesicus furinalis is found in grasslands and forested regions, but they are never seen in arid lands. They prefer to live in forest near rivers and lakes, were moisture is higher, they will nest in bark of trees and rock crevices. This species has a vast range from southern Mexico through lower Central America including countries like Belize and Panama. In South America the Argentine brown bat is found over northern regions down through Brazil and into Argentina, the farthest south that this species is found is as far south as the Provence of La Pampa. Eptesicus furinalis are considered insectivorous, their diet will change depending of the season of the year, whether it is the rainy or dry season. Like other bats the Argentine brown bat hunts for its food using echolocation near streams and small bodies of water, their diet consist of various types of some beetles, butterflies. One threat to the Argentine brown bat is insecticides that are encountered through ingestion of sprayed insects and plants which the insects eat.
The Argentine brown bat is known to be able to reproduce year round, most tropical species of bats do not hibernate or use torpor in off seasons so the bats are able to exhibit reproductive habits through the year. It is more common for the Argentine brown bat to breed during the rainy season when there is more food available. Females can hold sperm for up to three months. Gestation takes about three months before the litter is born little size is only one to two. Though Argentina brown bats can reproduce at any time of the year both male and females experience times in the dry season were the is regression or shrinking of reproductive organs due to lack of food in yearly cycles. Argentine brown bats have shown the ability to become carriers of the rabies virus; this species has been known to live close to human structures and live in the rafters of homes and buildings, making nests out of insulation. Argentine brown bats are not known to migrate, so the likelihood of this species to carry the rabies virus is small.
However there have been known cases in Brazil, up to 90 individuals have been found living in buildings within Brazil. From these 90 individuals only about six tested positive
Mexican big-eared bat
The Mexican big-eared bat is a species of vesper bat endemic to Mexico. They are insectivorous, their large ears are located across their foreheads, when captured, the bats are observed to curl their ears in a protective manner. The adults are brown colored, while the juveniles are a smokey brown color, they have small noses. The Mexican big-eared bat endemic to Mexico and known between Sonora and Coahuila in the north and Michoacan Yucatán in the south, they are found in high, mountain habitats and seem to prefer areas with pine-oak forests, although they have been found around other types of vegetation, such as sycamore and agave. Being a nocturnal species, they rest during the day. Studies of the males of the species show; the timing of their cycle is dependent on environmental factors. The male reproductive organs are the smallest in February and April begin development in May and reach their biggest size, determined by weight, around August; the best body conditions of the bats were found from May to June, which suggests this cycle is dependent on body condition.
Females give birth to a single offspring. In 1996, the species was listed as lower risk/least concern, but in 2008, it was moved to near threatened; the population sizes of this bat are declining, the species may soon be threatened. The major threat to the species is humans, causing habitat loss. Bats of the United States
The Vespertilioninae are a subfamily of vesper bats from the family Vespertilionidae. Subfamily Vespertilioninae Tribe Eptesicini Genus Arielulus Collared pipistrelle, Arielulus aureocollaris Black-gilded pipistrelle, Arielulus circumdatus Coppery pipistrelle, Arielulus cuprosus Social pipistrelle, Arielulus societatis Necklace pipistrelle, Arielulus torquatus Genus Eptesicus – house bats Little black serotine, Eptesicus andinus Bobrinski's serotine, Eptesicus bobrinskoi Botta's serotine, Eptesicus bottae Brazilian brown bat, Eptesicus brasiliensis Chiriquinan serotine, Eptesicus chiriquinus Diminutive serotine, Eptesicus diminutus Surat serotine, Eptesicus dimissus Horn-skinned bat, Eptesicus floweri Argentine brown bat, Eptesicus furinalis Big brown bat, Eptesicus fuscus Gobi big brown bat, Eptesicus gobiensis Guadeloupe big brown bat, Eptesicus guadeloupensis Long-tailed house bat, Eptesicus hottentotus Harmless serotine, Eptesicus innoxius Japanese short-tailed bat, Eptesicus japonensis Kobayashi's bat, Eptesicus kobayashii Eptesicus lobatus Isalo serotine, Eptesicus malagasyensis Malagasy serotine, Eptesicus matroka Sind bat, Eptesicus nasutus Northern bat, Eptesicus nilssonii Thick-eared bat, Eptesicus pachyotis Lagos serotine, Eptesicus platyops Serotine bat, Eptesicus serotinus Eptesicus taddeii Sombre bat, Eptesicus tatei Genus Hesperoptenus – false serotine bats Blanford's bat, Hesperoptenus blanfordi False serotine bat, Hesperoptenus doriae Gaskell's false serotine, Hesperoptenus gaskelli Tickell's bat, Hesperoptenus tickelli Large false serotine, Hesperoptenus tomesi Tribe Lasiurini Genus Lasiurus – hairy-tailed bats Lasiurus atratus Desert red bat, Lasiurus blossevillii Eastern red bat, Lasiurus borealis Lasiurus brachyotis Tacarcuna bat, Lasiurus castaneus Hoary bat, Lasiurus cinereus Lasiurus degelidus Hairy-tailed bat, Lasiurus ebenus Southern yellow bat, Lasiurus ega Big red bat, Lasiurus egregius Cuban yellow bat, Lasiurus insularis Northern yellow bat, Lasiurus intermedius Lasiurus minor Lasiurus pfeifferi Seminole bat, Lasiurus seminolus Cinnamon red bat, Lasiurus varius Western yellow bat, Lasiurus xanthinus Tribe Nycticeiini Genus Nycticeinops Schlieffen's bat, Nycticeinops schlieffeni Genus Nycticeius – evening bats Evening bat, Nycticeius humeralis Cuban evening bat, Nycticeius cubanus Genus Rhogeessa - Rhogeessa bats Yucatan yellow bat, Rhogeessa aeneus Allen's yellow bat, Rhogeessa alleni Genoways's yellow bat, Rhogeessa genowaysi Slender yellow bat, Rhogeessa gracilis Husson's yellow bat, Rhogeessa hussoni Thomas's yellow bat, Rhogeessa io Tiny yellow bat, Rhogeessa minutilla Least yellow bat, Rhogeessa mira Little yellow bat, Rhogeessa parvula Black-winged little yellow bat, Rhogeessa tumida Genus Scoteanax Rüppell's broad-nosed bat, Scoteanax rueppellii Genus Scotoecus - house bats White-bellied lesser house bat, Scotoecus albigula Light-winged lesser house bat, Scotoecus albofuscus Hinde's lesser house bat, Scotoecus hindei Dark-winged lesser house bat, Scotoecus hirundo Desert yellow bat, Scotoecus pallidus Genus Scotomanes Harlequin bat, Scotomanes ornatus Genus Scotophilus – yellow bats Lesser yellow bat, Scotophilus borbonicus Sulawesi yellow bat, Scotophilus celebensis Sody's yellow bat, Scotophilus collinus African yellow bat, Scotophilus dinganii Greater Asiatic yellow bat, Scotophilus heathi Lesser Asiatic yellow bat, Scotophilus kuhlii White-bellied yellow bat, Scotophilus leucogaster Scotophilus marovaza Scotophilis mhlanganii Schreber's yellow bat, Scotophilus nigrita Robbins's yellow bat, Scotophilus nucella' Nut-colored yellow bat, Scotophilus nux Robust yellow bat, Scotophilus robustus Greenish yellow bat, Scotophilus viridis Scotophilus tandrefana Genus Scotorepens - lesser broad-nosed bats Western broad-nosed bat, Scotorepens balstoni Little broad-nosed bat, Scotorepens greyii Orion broad-nosed bat, Scotorepens orion Northern broad-nosed bat, Scotorepens sanborni Tribe Nyctophilini Genus Nyctophilus – New Guinean and Australian big-eared bats Northern long-eared bat, Nyctophilus arnhemensis Eastern long-eared bat, Nyctophilus bifax Nyctophilus corbeni Nyctophilus daedalus Lesser long-eared bat, Nyctophilus geoffroyi Gould's long-eared bat, Nyctophilus gouldi Sunda long-eared bat, Nyctophilus heran Lord Howe long-eared bat, Nyctophilus howensis Small-toothed long-eared bat, Nyctophilus microdon New Guinea long-eared bat, Nyctophilus microtis New Caledonian long-eared bat, Nyctophilus nebulosus Greater long-eared bat, Nyctophilus timoriensis Western long-eared bat, Nyctophilus major Tasmanian long-eared bat, Nyctophilus sherrini Mt. Missim long-eared bat, Nyctophilus shirleyae Pygmy long-eared bat, Nyctophilus walkeri Genus Pharotis New Guinea big-eared bat, Pharotis imogene Tribe Pipistrellini Genus Glischropus – thick-thumbed bats Javan thick-thumbed bat, Glischropus javanus Common thick-thumbed bat, Glischropus tylopus Genus Nyctalus – noctule bats Birdlike noctule, Nyctalus aviator Azores noctule, Nyctalus azoreum Greater noctule bat, Nyctalus lasiopterus Lesser noctule, Nyctalus leisleri Mountain noctule, Nyctalus montanus Common noctule, Nyctalus noctula Genus Parastrellus Canyon bat, Parastrellus hesperus Genus Perimyotis Tricolored bat, Perimyotis subflavus Genus Pipistrellus – Pipistrelles or Pipistrelle bats Japanese pipistrelle, Pipistrellus abramus Adams's pipistrelle, Pipistrellus adamsi Mt. Gargues pipistrelle, Pipistrellus aero Anchieta's pipistrelle, Pipistrellus anchietae Angulate pipistrelle, Pipistrellus angulatus Kelaart's pipistrelle, Pipistrellus ceylonicus Greater Papuan pipistrelle, Pipistrellus collinus Indian pipistrelle, Pipistrellus coromandra Egyptian pipistrelle, Pipistrellus deserti Endo's pipistrelle, Pipistrellus endoi Hanaki's dwarf bat, Pipistrellus hanaki Dusky pipistrelle, Pipistrellus hesperidus Aellen's pipistrelle, Pipistrellus inexspectatus Java pipistrelle, Pipistrellus javanicus Kuhl's pipistrelle, Pi
Eptesicus is a genus of bats called house bats or serotine bats, in the family Vespertilionidae. The 25 species within this genus are: Little black serotine Bobrinski's serotine Botta's serotine Brazilian brown bat Chiriquinan serotine Diminutive serotine Surat serotine Horn-skinned bat Argentine brown bat Big brown bat Gobi big brown bat Guadeloupe big brown bat Long-tailed house bat Harmless serotine Meridional serotine Japanese short-tailed bat Kobayashi's bat Eptesicus lobatus Jamaican serotine Sind bat Northern bat Thick-eared bat Lagos serotine Serotine bat Eptesicus taddeii Sombre bat
North America is a continent within the Northern Hemisphere and all within the Western Hemisphere. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, to the southeast by South America and the Caribbean Sea. North America covers an area of about 24,709,000 square kilometers, about 16.5% of the earth's land area and about 4.8% of its total surface. North America is the third largest continent by area, following Asia and Africa, the fourth by population after Asia and Europe. In 2013, its population was estimated at nearly 579 million people in 23 independent states, or about 7.5% of the world's population, if nearby islands are included. North America was reached by its first human populations during the last glacial period, via crossing the Bering land bridge 40,000 to 17,000 years ago; the so-called Paleo-Indian period is taken to have lasted until about 10,000 years ago. The Classic stage spans the 6th to 13th centuries.
The Pre-Columbian era ended in 1492, the transatlantic migrations—the arrival of European settlers during the Age of Discovery and the Early Modern period. Present-day cultural and ethnic patterns reflect interactions between European colonists, indigenous peoples, African slaves and their descendants. Owing to the European colonization of the Americas, most North Americans speak English, Spanish or French, their culture reflects Western traditions; the Americas are accepted as having been named after the Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci by the German cartographers Martin Waldseemüller and Matthias Ringmann. Vespucci, who explored South America between 1497 and 1502, was the first European to suggest that the Americas were not the East Indies, but a different landmass unknown by Europeans. In 1507, Waldseemüller produced a world map, in which he placed the word "America" on the continent of South America, in the middle of what is today Brazil, he explained the rationale for the name in the accompanying book Cosmographiae Introductio:... ab Americo inventore... quasi Americi terram sive Americam.
For Waldseemüller, no one should object to the naming of the land after its discoverer. He used the Latinized version of Vespucci's name, but in its feminine form "America", following the examples of "Europa", "Asia" and "Africa". Other mapmakers extended the name America to the northern continent, In 1538, Gerard Mercator used America on his map of the world for all the Western Hemisphere; some argue that because the convention is to use the surname for naming discoveries, the derivation from "Amerigo Vespucci" could be put in question. In 1874, Thomas Belt proposed a derivation from the Amerrique mountains of Central America. Marcou corresponded with Augustus Le Plongeon, who wrote: "The name AMERICA or AMERRIQUE in the Mayan language means, a country of perpetually strong wind, or the Land of the Wind, and... the can mean... a spirit that breathes, life itself." The United Nations formally recognizes "North America" as comprising three areas: Northern America, Central America, The Caribbean.
This has been formally defined by the UN Statistics Division. The term North America maintains various definitions in accordance with context. In Canadian English, North America refers to the land mass as a whole consisting of Mexico, the United States, Canada, although it is ambiguous which other countries are included, is defined by context. In the United States of America, usage of the term may refer only to Canada and the US, sometimes includes Greenland and Mexico, as well as offshore islands. In France, Portugal, Romania and the countries of Latin America, the cognates of North America designate a subcontinent of the Americas comprising Canada, the United States, Mexico, Greenland, Saint Pierre et Miquelon, Bermuda. North America has been referred to by other names. Spanish North America was referred to as Northern America, this was the first official name given to Mexico. Geographically the North American continent has many subregions; these include cultural and geographic regions. Economic regions included those formed by trade blocs, such as the North American Trade Agreement bloc and Central American Trade Agreement.
Linguistically and culturally, the continent could be divided into Latin America. Anglo-America includes most of Northern America and Caribbean islands with English-speaking populations; the southern North American continent is composed of two regions. These are the Caribbean; the north of the continent maintains recognized regions as well. In contrast to the common definition of "North America", which encompasses the whole continent, the term "North America" is sometimes used to refer only to Mexico, the United States, Greenland; the term Northern America refers to the northern-most countries and territories of North America: the United States, Bermuda, St. Pierre and Miquelon and Greenland. Although the term does not refer to a unifie