Ruth Elizabeth "Bette" Davis was an American actress of film and theater. With a career spanning 60 years, she is regarded as one of the greatest actresses in Hollywood history, she was noted for playing unsympathetic, sardonic characters, was famous for her performances in a range of film genres, from contemporary crime melodramas to historical and period films, suspense horror, occasional comedies, although her greatest successes were her roles in romantic dramas. After appearing in Broadway plays, Davis moved to Hollywood in the summer of 1930. However, her early films for Universal Studios were unsuccessful, she joined Warner Bros. in 1932, established her career with several critically acclaimed performances. In 1937, she attempted to free herself from her contract, although she lost the well-publicized legal case against Warners, it marked the beginning of her most successful period; until the late 1940s, she was one of the most celebrated leading ladies of US cinema, known for her forceful and intense style.
Davis gained a reputation as a perfectionist who could be combative and confrontational. She clashed with film directors, as well as many of her co-stars, her forthright manner, idiosyncratic speech, ubiquitous cigarette contributed to a public persona, imitated. Davis was the co-founder of the Hollywood Canteen, a club venue for food and entertainment for servicemen during WWII, was the first female president of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, she won the Academy Award for Best Actress twice, was the first person to accrue 10 Academy Award nominations for acting, was the first woman to receive a Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Film Institute. Her career went through several periods of eclipse, she admitted that her success had been at the expense of her personal relationships. Married four times, she was once widowed and three times divorced, raised her children as a single parent, her final years were marred by a long period of ill health and a tell-all book, My Mother's Keeper by daughter B.
D. Hyman, but she continued acting until shortly before her death from breast cancer. With more than 100 film and theater roles to her credit during her six-decade-long career. In 1999, Davis was placed second behind Katharine Hepburn on the American Film Institute's list of the greatest female stars of the Classic Hollywood cinema era. Ruth Elizabeth Davis, known from early childhood as "Betty", was born on April 5, 1908, in Lowell, the daughter of Harlow Morrell Davis, a law student from Augusta and subsequently a patent attorney, Ruth Augusta, from Tyngsboro, Massachusetts. Davis' younger sister was Barbara Harriet. In 1915, Davis' parents separated, Davis attended a spartan boarding school called Crestalban in Lanesborough in the Berkshires. In 1921, Ruth Davis moved to New York City with her daughters, where she worked as a portrait photographer. Davis changed the spelling of her first name to "Bette" after Honoré de Balzac's La Cousine Bette. During their time in New York, Davis became a Girl Scout who proved so successful she ranked as a Patrol Leader.
Davis attended Cushing Academy, a boarding school in Ashburnham, where she met her future husband, Harmon O. Nelson, known as "Ham". In 1926, a 18-year-old Davis saw a production of Henrik Ibsen's The Wild Duck with Blanche Yurka and Peg Entwistle. Davis recalled for Al Cohn of Newsday, "The reason I wanted to go into theater was because of an actress named Peg Entwistle." She auditioned for admission to Eva Le Gallienne's Manhattan Civic Repertory, but was rejected by LeGallienne, who described her attitude as "insincere" and "frivolous". Davis auditioned for George Cukor's stock theater company in New York. Ed Sikov sources Davis' first professional role to a 1929 production by the Provincetown Players of Virgil Geddes play The Earth Between. In 1929, Davis was chosen by Blanche Yurka to play Hedwig, the character she had seen Entwistle play in The Wild Duck. After performing in Philadelphia and Boston, she made her Broadway debut in 1929 in Broken Dishes, followed it with Solid South. In 1930, 22-year-old Davis moved to Hollywood to screen test for Universal Studios.
Davis and her mother traveled by train to Hollywood. She recounted her surprise that nobody from the studio was there to meet her. In fact, a studio employee had waited for her, but left because he saw nobody who "looked like an actress", she was used in several screen tests for other actors. In a 1971 interview with Dick Cavett, she related the experience with the observation, "I was the most Yankee-est, most modest virgin who walked the earth, they laid me on a couch, I tested fifteen men... They all had to give me a passionate kiss. Oh, I thought. Just thought I would die." A second test was arranged for the 1931 film A House Divided. Hastily dressed in an ill-fitting costume with a low neckline, she was rebuffed by the film director William Wyler, who loudly commented to the assembled crew, "What do you think of these dames who show their chests and think they can get jobs?". Carl Laemmle, the head of Universal Studios, considered terminating Davis' employment, but cinematographer Karl Freund told him she had "lovely eyes" and would be suitable for Bad Sister, in which she subsequently made her film debut.
Ingrid Lilian Thulin was a Swedish film actress. Thulin was born in Sollefteå, Ångermanland, northern Sweden, the daughter of Nanna and Adam Thulin, a fisherman, she took ballet lessons as a girl and was accepted by The Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm 1948. She was married to Harry Schein, the founder of the Swedish Film Institute, for more than 30 years until 1989, although they had lived separately for many years before the divorce, she bought an apartment in Paris, France in the early 1960s and some years a beach house in San Felice Circeo. In 1970 she became a resident of Sacrofano, where she lived for 34 years, she returned to Sweden for medical treatment and died from cancer in Stockholm, Sweden, 20 days shy of her 78th birthday. Her memories were published in 1992. For many years she worked with Ingmar Bergman. Thulin appeared in Bergman's Wild Strawberries, The Magician, Winter Light, The Silence, The Rite and Cries and Whispers, she shared the Best Actress award at the 1958 Cannes Film Festival and received a Guldbagge Award for Best Actress in 1964, the first year the award was given out, for her performance in The Silence.
Winner of the David di Donatello Awards 1974, Thulin was nominated for the BAFTA Award the same year. In 1980, she was the head of the jury at the 30th Berlin International Film Festival. Leva på'Hoppet'. Director: Göran Gentele Foreign Intrigue, with Robert Mitchum. Director: Sheldon Reynolds Smultronstället / Wild Strawberries, with Victor Sjöström. Director: Ingmar Bergman Ansiktet / The Magician. Director: Ingmar Bergman Domaren / The Judge. Director: Alf Sjöberg Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, with Glenn Ford. Director: Vincente Minnelli Nattvardsgästerna / Winter Light, with Gunnar Björnstrand, Max von Sydow and Gunnel Lindblom. Director: Ingmar Bergman Agostino. Director: Mauro Bolognini Tystnaden / The Silence, with Gunnel Lindblom. Director: Ingmar Bergman Return from the Ashes, with Maximilian Schell, Samantha Eggar. Director: J. Lee Thompson La guerre est finie / The War Is Over, with Yves Montand. Director: Alain Resnais Vargtimmen / Hour of the Wolf, with Max von Sydow. Director: Ingmar Bergman La caduta degli dei / The Damned, with Dirk Bogarde, Helmut Berger.
Director: Luchino Visconti Riten / The Rite, with Ingmar Bergman and Gunnar Björnstrand. Director: Ingmar Bergman Viskningar och Rop / Cries and Whispers, with Liv Ullmann, Harriet Andersson. Director: Ingmar Bergman La corta notte delle bambole di vetro / Short Night of Glass Dolls, with Jean Sorel, Mario Adorf, Barbara Bach. Director: Aldo Lado En handfull kärlek / A Handful of Love. Director: Vilgot Sjöman La Cage, with Lino Ventura. Director: Pierre Granier-Deferre Salon Kitty, with Helmut Berger. Director: Tinto Brass The Cassandra Crossing, with Sophia Loren, Richard Harris, Burt Lancaster. Director: George Pan Cosmatos Efter repetitionen / After the Rehearsal, with Erland Josephson. Director: Ingmar Bergman Il Giorno Prima / Contrôle, with Ben Gazzara, Burt Lancaster, Kate Nelligan. Director: Giuliano Montaldo Cowie, Peter: Sweden 1. An Illustrated Guide... to the Work of the Leading Directors, Players and other Key Figures in Swedish Cinema, with Credits and Plot outlines to more than seventy important Films, Index to 1,000 Titles, A. Zwemmer Ltd.
London Cowie: Sweden 2. A Comprehensive Assessment of the Themes and Directors in Swedish Cinema, A. Zwemmer Ltd. London Cowie: Film in Sweden. Stars and Players, Tantivy Press, London Ingrid Thulin on IMDb Ingrid Thulin at the Internet Broadway Database Ingrid Thulin Official Website Ingmar Bergman Face to Face on Ingrid Thulin Bergman's leading lady dies at 76 Bergmanorama on Ingrid Thulin Ingrid Thulin: Northern Light Ingrid Thulin at Find a Grave
Iași is the second largest city in Romania, the seat of Iași County. Located in the historical region of Moldavia, Iași has traditionally been one of the leading centres of Romanian social, cultural and artistic life; the city was the capital of the Principality of Moldavia from 1564 to 1859 of the United Principalities from 1859 to 1862, the capital of Romania from 1916 to 1918. Known as The Cultural Capital of Romania, Iași is a symbol in Romanian history; the historian Nicolae Iorga said "There should be no Romanian who does not know of it". Still referred to as The Moldavian Capital, Iași is the main economic and business centre of the Moldavian region of Romania. In December 2018, Iași was declared Historical capital of Romania. At the 2011 census, the city proper had a population of 290,422. With 474,035 residents, the Iași urban area is the second most populous in Romania, whereas more than 500,000 people live within its peri-urban area. Home to the oldest Romanian university and to the first engineering school, Iași is one of the most important education and research centres of the country, accommodates over 60,000 students in 5 public universities.
The social and cultural life revolves around the Vasile Alecsandri National Theater, the Moldova State Philharmonic, the Opera House, the Iași Athenaeum, a famous Botanical Garden, the Central University Library, the high quality cultural centres and festivals, an array of museums, memorial houses and historical monuments. The city is known as the site of the largest Romanian pilgrimage which takes place each year, in October; the city is referred to as: Bulgarian: Яш English, Polish: Jassy French: Iassy German: Jassy, Jassenmarkt Greek: Ιάσιο Hebrew: יאסי or יאשי. Hungarian: Jászvásár Italian: Iassi Russian: Яссы Serbian: Јаши or Jaši Turkish: Yaş Ukrainian: Ясси, Яси - Я́сси, Я́си Yiddish: יאס Arabic: ياشي/اياشي/ياسي Scholars have different theories on the origin of the name "Iași"; some argue that the name originates with the Sarmatian tribe Iazyges, one mentioned by Ovid as Latin: "Ipse vides onerata ferox ut ducata Iasyx/ Per media Histri plaustra bubulcus aquas" and "Iazyges et Colchi Metereaque turba Getaque/ Danubii mediis vix prohibentur aquis".
A now lost inscription on a Roman milestone found near Osijek, Croatia by Matija Petar Katančić in the 18th century, mentions the existence of a Jassiorum municipium, or Municipium Dacorum-Iassiorum from other sources. Other explanations show that the name originated from the Iranian Alanic tribe of Jassi, having same origin with Yazyges tribes Jassic people; the Prut river was known as the city as Forum Philistinorum. From this population derived the plural of town name, "Iașii". Another historian wrote that the Iasians lived among the Cumans and that they left the Caucasus after the first Mongolian campaign in the West, settling temporarily near the Prut, he asserts that the ethnic name of Jasz, given to Iasians by Hungarians has been erroneously identified with the Jazyges. The Hungarian name of the city means "Jassic Market". Archaeological investigations attest to the presence of human communities on the present territory of the city and around it as far back as the prehistoric age. Settlements included those of the Cucuteni–Trypillia culture, a late Neolithic archaeological culture.
There is archaeological evidence of human settlements in the area of Iași dating from the 6th to 7th centuries and 7th to 10th centuries. Many of the vessels found in Iași had a cross indicating that the inhabitants were Christians; the name of the city is first found in a document from 1408. This is a grant of certain commercial privileges by the Moldavian Prince Alexander to the Polish merchants of Lvov. However, as buildings older than 1408 still exist, e.g. the Armenian Church believed to be built in 1395, it is certain that the city existed before its first surviving written mention. Around 1564, Prince Alexandru Lăpușneanu moved the Moldavian capital from Suceava to Iași. Between 1561 and 1563, a school and a Lutheran church were founded by the Greek adventurer Prince, Ioan Iacob Heraclid. In 1640, Vasile Lupu established the first school in which the Romanian language replaced Greek, set up a printing press in the Byzantine Trei Ierarhi Monastery. Between 15 September - 27 October 1642, the city hosted the Synod of Jassy.
In 1643, the first volume printed in Moldavia was published in Iași. The city was burned down by the Tatars in 1513, by the Ottomans in 1538, by Imperial Russian troops in 1686. In 1734, it was hit by the plague, it was through the Peace of Iași that the sixth Russo-Turkish War was brought to a close in 1792. A Greek revolutionary manoeuvre and occupation under Alexander Ypsilanti and the Filiki Eteria led to the storming of the city by the Turks in 1822. In 1844 a severe fire affected much of the city. Between 1564 and 1859, the city was the capital of Moldavia.
Simone Signoret was a French cinema actress hailed as one of France's greatest film stars. She became the second French person to win an Academy Award, for her role in Room at the Top. In her lifetime she received two Césars, three BAFTAs, an Emmy, a Cannes Film Festival Award, the Silver Bear for Best Actress awards, an NBR Award and a Golden Globe nomination. Signoret was born Simone Henriette Charlotte Kaminker in Wiesbaden, Germany, to André and Georgette Kaminker, as the eldest of three children, with two younger brothers, her father, a pioneering interpreter who worked in the League of Nations, was a French-born army officer from a Polish Jewish family, who brought the family to Neuilly-sur-Seine on the outskirts of Paris. Her mother, from whom she acquired her stage name, was a French Catholic. Signoret grew up in Paris in an intellectual atmosphere and studied English and Latin. After completing secondary school during the Nazi occupation, Simone was responsible for supporting her family and forced to take work as a typist for a French collaborationist newspaper, Les nouveaux temps, run by Jean Luchaire.
During the German occupation of France, Signoret mixed with an artistic group of writers and actors who met at the Café de Flore in the Saint-Germain-des-Prés quarter. By this time, she had developed an interest in acting and was encouraged by her friends, including her lover, Daniel Gélin, to follow her ambition. In 1942, she began appearing in bit parts and was able to earn enough money to support her mother and two brothers as her father, a French patriot, had fled the country in 1940 to join General De Gaulle in England, she took her mother's maiden name for the screen to help hide her Jewish roots. Signoret's sensual features and earthy nature led to type-casting and she was seen in roles as a prostitute, she won considerable attention in La Ronde, a film, banned in New York as immoral. She won further acclaim, including an acting award from the British Film Academy, for her portrayal of another prostitute in Jacques Becker's Casque d'or, she appeared in many notable films in France during the 1950s, including Thérèse Raquin, directed by Marcel Carné, Les Diaboliques, The Crucible, based on Arthur Miller's The Crucible.
In 1958, Signoret acted in the English independent film, Room at the Top, which won her numerous awards including the Best Female Performance Prize at Cannes and the Academy Award for Best Actress. She was the only French cinema actress to receive an Oscar until Juliette Binoche in 1997 and Marion Cotillard in 2008, the first woman to win the award appearing in a foreign film, she was offered films in Hollywood, but turned them down, continuing to work in France and England—notably opposite Laurence Olivier in Term of Trial —until 1965. Earning another Oscar nomination for her work on what would be Vivien Leigh's final film—Columbia Pictures' Ship of Fools starring Lee Marvin—Signoret appeared in a few other Hollywood films before returning to France in 1969. In 1962, Signoret translated Lillian Hellman's play The Little Foxes into French for a production in Paris that ran for six months at the Theatre Sarah-Bernhardt, she played the Regina role as well. Hellman was displeased with the production, although the translation was approved by scholars selected by Hellman.
Signoret's one attempt at Shakespeare, performing Lady Macbeth opposite Alec Guinness at the Royal Court Theatre in London in 1966 proved to be ill-advised, with some harsh critics. Signoret was never concerned with glamour, ignored sexist and ageist insults and continued giving finely etched performances, she won more acclaim for her portrayal of a weary madam in Madame Rosa and as an unmarried sister who unknowingly falls in love with her paralyzed brother via anonymous correspondence in I Sent a Letter to my Love. She was in many different movies up to her death in 1985. Signoret's memoirs, Nostalgia Isn't What It Used To Be, were published in 1978, she wrote a novel, Adieu Volodya, published in 1985, the year of her death. Signoret first married filmmaker Yves Allégret, with whom she had a daughter Catherine Allégret, herself an actress, her second marriage was to the Italian-born French actor Yves Montand in 1951, a union which lasted until her death. They had no children. Signoret died of pancreatic cancer in Autheuil-Authouillet, aged 64.
She was buried in Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris and Yves Montand was buried next to her. Emmy Awards 1966: Won Emmy Outstanding Single Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role in a Drama for: Bob Hope Presents the Chrysler Theatre for episode A Small Rebellion Marilyn by Sue Glover, premiered at the Citizens' Theatre, Glasgow on 17 February 2011; the play charted the deteriorating relationship between Signoret and Marilyn Monroe during the filming of Let's Make Love. Unable to achieve the recognition of Oscar-winning Signoret, Monroe begins an affair with Signoret's husband, Yves Montand. Singer Nina Simone took her last name from Simone Signoret. Cinema of France César Award for Best Actress List of actors with two or more Academy Award nominations in acting categories List of French Academy Award winners and nominees Simone Signoret on IMDb Simone Signoret at AllMovie Simone Signoret at Rotten Tomatoes Simone Signoret at TV Guide Simone Signoret at The-Numbers.com
Michèle Morgan was a French film actress, a leading lady for three decades in both French cinema and Hollywood features. She is considered to have been one of the great French actresses of the 20th century. Morgan was the inaugural winner of the Best Actress Award at the Cannes Film Festival. In 1992, she was given an honorary César Award for her contributions to French cinema. Morgan was born Simone Renée Roussel in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, a wealthy suburb of Paris, she grew up in Seine-Maritime, France. Morgan left home at the age of 15 for Paris determined to become an actress, she took acting lessons from René Simon while serving as an extra in several films to pay for her drama classes. It was that she took the stage name "Michèle Morgan", she argued that she did not have the body type of a Simone, "Morgan" sounded more Hollywood-friendly. Morgan was first noticed by director Marc Allégret, who offered her a major role in the film Gribouille, opposite Raimu. Came Le Quai des brumes directed by Marcel Carné, opposite Jean Gabin, Remorques directed by Jean Grémillon.
Upon the invasion of France in 1940 by the Germans, Morgan left for the United States and Hollywood where she was contracted to RKO Pictures in 1941. Her career there proved rather disappointing, apart from Joan of Paris opposite Paul Henreid, Higher and Higher opposite Frank Sinatra, she was tested and considered for the female lead in Casablanca but RKO would not release her for the amount of money that Warner Bros. offered. Morgan did work for Warners however in Passage to Marseille with Humphrey Bogart. After the war, Morgan returned to France and resumed her career with the film La Symphonie Pastorale directed by Jean Delannoy, which earned her the Best Actress award at the Cannes Film Festival, her Other films from this period include. She continued working in films throughout the 1960s, such as in Lost Command, a version of Les Centurions. In the 1970s, she retired from her acting career made only occasional appearances in film and theatre. For her contribution to the motion picture industry, Morgan has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1645 Vine Street.
In 1969, the government of France awarded her the Légion d'Honneur. For her long service to the French motion picture industry, in 1992 she was given an Honorary César Award. In 1996, she received the Career Golden Lion for lifetime achievement at the Venice Film Festival. Morgan took up painting in the 1960s, she had a solo exhibition, "Artistes En Lumière à Paris", from 2 March to 30 April 2009, at the Espace Cardin in Paris. In 1977 she released her memoir, titled With Those Eyes. While in Hollywood, Morgan married William Marshall, in 1942, with whom she had a son, Mike Marshall. Morgan and Marshall divorced in 1948, she married French actor Henri Vidal in 1950. She remained with him until his death in 1959, she lived with film director and actor/writer Gérard Oury until his death in 2006. Morgan died on 20 December 2016, aged 96, in France of natural causes, her funeral was held at the Église Saint-Pierre in Neuilly-sur-Seine on 23 December 2016, she was buried at the Montparnasse Cemetery. Michèle Morgan on IMDb Michèle Morgan at AllMovie Michèle Morgan at filmsdefrance.com Michèle Morgan at AlloCiné Photographs of Michèle Morgan Michèle Morgan
Cobain is a 2018 Dutch drama film directed by Nanouk Leopold. In July 2018, it was one of nine films shortlisted to be the Dutch entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 91st Academy Awards, but it was not selected. Bas Keizer as Cobain Naomi Velissariou as Mia Wim Opbrouck as Wickmayer Dana Marineci as Adele Cosmina Stratan as Jadwiga Cobain on IMDb