The Costa Brava is a coastal region of Catalonia in northeastern Spain, consisting of the comarques of Alt Empordà, Baix Empordà and Selva in the province of Girona. Costa Brava stretches from the town of 60 km northeast of Barcelona, to the French border. In the 1950s, the Costa Brava was identified by the Spanish government and local entrepreneurs as being suitable for substantial development as a holiday destination for package holiday tourists from Northern Europe and the United Kingdom and France; the combination of a good summer climate, excellent beaches and a favourable foreign exchange rate before the creation of the single European currency, which made Costa Brava an attractive tourist destination, was exploited by the construction of large numbers of hotels and apartments in such seaside resorts as Blanes, Tossa de Mar and Lloret de Mar. Tourism took over from fishing as the principal business of the area; the coast was named Costa Brava by Ferran Agulló in an article published in the Catalan newspaper La Veu de Catalunya in September 1908.
Agulló, a journalist born in Girona, referred to the rugged landscape of the Mediterranean coast which runs from the River Tordera, near Blanes, to Banyuls with the name Costa Brava. Costa is the Catalan and Spanish word for'coast', while Brava means'rugged' or'wild'; this term was recognized and promoted in the 1960s as it was deemed suitable to promote tourism in the region. Before Costa Brava became the official name, other names were suggested, such as Costa Grega, Costa del Corall, Costa Serena, Costes de Llevant or Marina de l'Empordà, it may or may not be a coincidence that the name Costa Brava resembles Costa Blava, a literal translation of the Spanish Costa Azul. This in turn is a not-quite-literal translation of the French Côte d'Azur. A direct translation from French to Catalan would have yielded Costa d'Atzur, its coastline includes three comarques: Selva, Baix Empordà, Alt EmpordàBut its toponymy includes two more: Gironès and Plà de l'Estany. The province of Girona is within Catalonia, it covers an area of 5,885 square kilometres and is situated in the extreme northeast part of the Iberian Peninsula, between 41°40′ and 42°30′ latitude and 5°27′ and 7° longitude east.
The western border is a broken line. The coastal strip is its eastern border, which extends along 158 linear kilometres or 256 kilometres of the intricate profile of the Costa Brava; the Generalitat de Catalunya defines the Costa Brava as the coastal region that stretches from the Franco-Spanish border to the mouth of the River Tordera, marking the border of the provinces of Girona and Barcelona. Portbou is the closest town to the border; the Costa Brava Girona Tourism Board, a body of the tourism industry of the Province of Girona, promotes the brand name Costa Brava as an area of 5,885 square kilometres. By this definition, Costa Brava includes the coastal comarques of Alt Empordà, Baix Empordà, Selva and the inland comarques of Pla de l'Estany and Gironès; the northernmost part of the Costa Brava belongs to the comarca of Alt Empordà, is marked by the Albera Massif and Cap de Creus, the easternmost prolongation of the Pyrenees. This area near the frontier is marked by rough terrain and cliffs, with small bays along the coast, in contrast with the large plains of the Alt Empordà region, where its capital Figueres is located.
The first town from the border with France is Portbou. A little down the coast are the seafaring villages of Colera and Llançà. North of the Cap de Creus lies the town of El Port de la Selva, while on its south lie the towns of Cadaqués and Roses. To the south of the Cap de Creus is found the Gulf of Roses, which stretches for fifteen kilometres with beaches and marshlands formed by the Muga and Fluvià rivers, with the protected areas of the Aiguamolls de l'Empordà along the coast. Empuriabrava, part of the municipality of Castelló d'Empúries, is one of the largest marinas in the world, built in the 1960s on the marshlands of the River Muga. Further south lies the coastal town of L'Escala. Between this two towns is the village of Sant Martí d'Empúries, which lies near the ruins of the ancient Greek colony of Empúries, founded in 575 BC; the central part of the Costa Brava belongs to the comarca of Baix Empordà, whose capital is La Bisbal d'Empordà, with the Montgrí Massif extending on its north, from L'Escala to the village of L'Estartit, part of the municipality of Torroella de Montgrí.
The River Ter pours its water at this point, near a small archipelago known as Medes Islands. Further south, following a stretch of beach and marshlands, are the towns of Pals and Palafrugell. At this point the Gavarres Massif meets the sea, with a coast marked by rugged cliffs, small bays and beaches amid coastal villages such as Aiguafreda, Tamariu, Calella de Palafrugell and Llafranc; the town of Palamós, further south, is a major fishing port. At this point the coast forms a bay between Palamós and Sant Antoni de Calonge, part of the town of Calonge. South of it lies the town of Castell-Platja d'Aro, including Platja d'Aro, a large tourist resort which has grown along a wide beach. Situated to the south are S'Agaró and the town of Sant Feliu de Guixols
Oropesa del Mar
Oropesa del Mar is a municipality in the comarca of Plana Alta in the Valencian Community, Spain
The Costa Daurada is an area on the coast of Catalonia, between Cunit and Alcanar on the Mediterranean Sea. It is included in the province of Tarragona. Costa Daurada the Golden Coast, takes its name from the colour of its sand when the sun is shining. Cunit Calafell Comarruga Torredembarra Tarragona Cambrils Salou L'Ametlla de Mar Costa Daurada Nautical Station Costa Daurada's website Costa Dorada Travel Guide Costa Dorada Virtual TourTarragona Cathedral and Diocesan Museum
Costa de la Luz
The Costa de la Luz is a section of the Andalusian coast in Spain facing the Atlantic. A popular destination for vacationing Spaniards, in recent years the Costa de la Luz has become more popular with foreign visitors the French and the Germans. Increasing urbanization and tourism-oriented development of parts of the coast have had economic benefits but these trends have ignited fevered real-estate speculations. Aside from the beaches and the sunshine, there are ample opportunities and facilities for leisure activities, like fine dining, kitesurfing and other water sports; the Costa de la Luz is noted for the beauty of its protected natural reserves and a number of first-rate natural attractions. Among them are: the Doñana National Park, where endangered species, such as the Spanish imperial eagle known as Adalbert's eagle, the Iberian lynx, can be sighted. Among the towns and beaches of most interest to a visitor to the Costa de la Luz are: Ayamonte, Isla Cristina, Lepe, El Portil, Punta Umbría, Matalascañas, Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Chipiona, El Puerto de Santa María, Cádiz, Chiclana de la Frontera, Conil de la Frontera, Zahara de los Atunes, Los Caños de Meca, Vejer de la Frontera and Tarifa.
Other places along the coast, of somewhat less touristic interest, are: Isla Canela, Islantilla, La Antilla, El Terrón, Cartaya, El Rompido, Mazagón, Puerto Réal, San Fernando, Sancti Petri. A further facility of interest is the atmospheric research station El Arenosillo, where sometimes rockets are launched; the Costa de la Luz has a rich history that dates back to the twelfth century BCE. Cultural attractions include the well-preserved ruins of a small Roman city. At the Rábida Monastery in Palos de la Frontera near Huelva, Christopher Columbus sought the aid of the Franciscan brothers, hoping to enlist them as advocates for his scheme to launch a voyage of discovery, they introduced Columbus to a wealthy local seafaring family, the Pinzón brothers, who prevailed upon Ferdinand and Isabella to listen to Columbus's pitch for support. With royal patronage and the collaboration of the Pinzóns, Columbus was able to secure his three ships as well as local crews from the Huelva area. In fact, there is a persistent belief that Columbus settled on his final westward route after speaking to a local sailor named Alonso Sánchez.
Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot-summer Mediterranean. Official web Costa de la Luz Huelva Official web Costa de la Luz Cadiz Costa de la Luz Travel Guide Costa de la Luz Virtual Tour
The Costa Cálida is the 250 km stretch of Mediterranean coastline of the Spanish province of Murcia. This region has a micro-climate which features comparatively hot mean annual temperatures and a relative degree of aridity; the Costa Cálida extends from El Mojón in the north near the province of Alicante, to near the municipality of Águilas in the south bordering on the region of Almería province. The northern end of this coastline includes the Mar Menor, a coastal saltwater lagoon which at around 170 km2 is Europe's largest; the Mar Menor is separated from the Mediterranean by a 22 km-long spit of land called La Manga, on which most of the tourism development for the region has been constructed. Cartagena and Mazarrón are two other important coastal towns in the region. Golf is a popular pastime for residents. There are many PGA championship courses such as El Valle which hosted the PGA European Seniors Tour in June 2011, Hacienda del Alamo, the longest golf course in Spain and the famous La Manga Club.
Official Tourism Site of Murcia, Spain Guide to Whats Going On in the Costa Calida & Murcia Information for tourists and locals living on the Costa Calida Murcia. Wrong link. Costa Blanca is not Costa Calida
The Costa Blanca is over 200 kilometres of Mediterranean coastline in the Alicante province, on the southeastern coast of Spain. It extends from the town of Dénia in the north, beyond which lies the Costa del Azahar, to Pilar de la Horadada in the south, beyond which lies the Costa Cálida. Costa Blanca has a well-developed tourism industry and is a popular destination for British and German tourists; the localities along the Costa Blanca are Alicante, Benidorm, Calp, Dénia, Elche, El Campello, Guardamar del Segura, L'Alfàs del Pi, Orihuela Costa, Pilar de la Horadada, Santa Pola, Teulada–Moraira, Villajoyosa and Xàbia. Benidorm and Alicante cities are the major tourist centres; the Iberians were the oldest documented people living in. Belonging to these there are several archaeologic sites from, specially known the one in La Serreta because the longest inscriptions remaining in the undeciphered Iberian language were found there. Along the coast and contemporarily to the Iberians, the seafaring Phoenicians and Greeks settled stable trading colonies and interacted with the former.
After a brief Carthaginian period, the Romans took over. Romanization in this part of Iberia was intense, the Via Augusta communicated this part of the Empire to the metropoli and so several cities thrived, from which the one known as Ilici Augusta reached the status of colonia. After a brief period of Visigothic ruling, the area was taken by Islamic armies and became a part of Al Andalus. From the 13th century, kings like Ferdinand III of Castile, James I of Aragon, Alfonso X of Castile, James II of Aragon reconquered the cities that Moors occupied. What today is the Alicante province was split between the Crown of Castile and the Crown of Aragon by means of the Treaty of Almizra, however on the whole territory became under the control of the Kingdom of Valencia, a component Kingdom of the Crown of Aragon. Alicante contributes with 12 deputies in the Spanish Parliament and with 36 deputies in the Corts Valencianes, the regional Parliament of the Valencian Community. Costa Blanca Tourism, official website by the Diputación Provincial de Alicante Information about Costa Blanca, official website for Tourism in Spain
Costa del Sol
The Costa del Sol is a region in the south of Spain, in the autonomous community of Andalusia, comprising the coastal towns and communities along the coastline of the Province of Málaga. The Costa del Sol is situated between two lesser known coastal regions, the Costa de la Luz and the Costa Tropical. Made up only of a series of small fishing settlements, today the region is a world-renowned tourist destination; the Costa del Sol includes the city of Málaga and the towns of Torremolinos, Benalmádena, Mijas, San Pedro de Alcántara, Manilva, Rincón de la Victoria, Vélez-Málaga, Nerja and Torrox. This shoreline region extends from the cliffs at Maro in the East to Punta Chullera in the west, it occupies a narrow coastal strip delimited by some ranges of the Penibaetic System, including the Sierra de Mijas, Sierra Alpujata, Sierra Blanca, Sierra Bermeja, Sierra Crestallina and Montes de Málaga to the north and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The coast shows a diversity of landscapes: beaches, estuaries and dunes.
The rivers are short and seasonal, while the agriculture is hampered by the lee effect caused by the Baetic System. The Costa del Sol is similar to southern California in scenery and geography. Both areas have warm weather throughout the year and average annual sunshine hours of about 3,000 hours; the Costa del Sol has some of the most expensive tourist resorts in Europe as well. The history of this coast, shaped by its location and the predominance of Málaga, spans about 2,800 years; the first inhabitants to settle here may have been an ancient Celtiberian tribe. The Phoenicians founded their colony of Malaka here about 770 BC, from the 6th century BC it was under the hegemony of ancient Carthage in north Africa. From 218 BC the region was ruled by the Roman Republic and at the end of the 1st century it was federated with the Roman Empire. Under the rule of the Roman Republic, the Municipium Malacitanum became a transit point on the Via Herculea, which revitalised the city both economically and culturally by connecting it with other developed enclaves in the interior of Hispania and with other ports of the Mediterranean Sea.
The decline of the Roman imperial power in the 5th century led to invasions of Hispania Baetica by Germanic peoples and by the Byzantine Empire. The southern Mediterranean coast was part of Visigothic Spain from the fifth century until the Muslim Arab conquest of Hispania The city known as Mālaqa, was encircled by defensive walls. In 1026 it became the capital of the Taifa of Málaga, an independent Muslim kingdom ruled by the Hammudid dynasty in the Caliphate of Córdoba, conquered by the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada; the siege of Mālaqa by the Catholic Monarchs in 1487 was one of the longest of the Reconquista. In the 16th century, the area entered a period of slow decline, exacerbated by epidemics of disease, several successive poor food crops and earthquakes. Trade, dominated by foreign merchants, was the main source of wealth in Málaga province of the 18th century, with wine and raisins as the principal commodity exports. Public works done on the Málaga city port as well as those on the Antequera and Velez roadways provided the necessary infrastructure for distribution of the renowned Málaga wines.
Málaga, as headquarters of the Capitanía General de Granada on the coast, played an essential role in the foreign policy of the Bourbon kings of Spain. The regional military and the defence of the Mediterranean were administered in the city; the loss of Gibraltar to the British in the Battle of Málaga of 1704 made the city the key to military defence of the Strait. During the second half of the 18th century Málaga solved its chronic water supply problems with the completion of one of the largest infrastructure projects carried out in Spain at the time: the building of the Aqueduct of San Telmo; the peasantry and the working classes still made up the vast majority of the population, but the emergence of a business-oriented middle-class lay the foundations for the 19th-century economic boom. Having been a prosperous commercial and industrial centre for most of the 19th century, Málaga province experienced a severe economic contraction in the 1880s and 1890s, it led to the end of the iron industry in 1893, weakened the trade and textile industry.
The agricultural sector suffered a deep depression that affected the raising of livestock and all the major crops cultivation of Vitis vinifera, a grape used for the wine industry, devastated by a Phylloxera epidemic. The social disruption caused by the crisis and its aftermath of job loss, business collapse and general decline in economic activity, led many residents to consider other means of livelihood. At this early date some of them envisaged tourism as an alternative source of income, but years passed before initiatives were put forward to develop Málaga as a tourist resort; the Sociedad Propagandística del Clima y Embellecimiento de Málaga was founded in 1897 by a pioneering group of influential Málaga businessmen who saw the potential of tourism as a generator of wealth, tried to organise a rational planned development of this sector of the economy. Their promotional campaigns extolled the mild climate of Málaga, attracting enough tourists and winter visitors to help relieve the economic slump somewhat.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the Baños del Carmen beach was developed and opened in the east of Málaga. The Torremolinos golf course followed in 1928. According to local historian Fernando Alcala, on October 15, 1