Dean Edwards Smith was an American mens college basketball head coach. Called a coaching legend by the Basketball Hall of Fame, he coached for 36 years at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Smith coached from 1961 to 1997 and retired with 879 victories, which was the NCAA Division I mens basketball record at that time. Smith had the 9th highest winning percentage of any college basketball coach. During his tenure as coach, North Carolina won two national championships and appeared in 11 Final Fours. Smith played college basketball at the University of Kansas, where he won a championship in 1952 playing for Hall of fame coach Phog Allen. Smith was known for running a program and having a high graduation rate. Smith coached and worked with people at North Carolina who achieved notable success in basketball, as players, coaches. Smith retired in 1997, saying that he was not able to give the team the same level of enthusiasm that he had given it for years, Dean Smith was born in Emporia, Kansas, on February 28,1931.
Both of his parents were school teachers. Smiths father, coached the Emporia High Spartans basketball team to the 1934 state title in Kansas and this 1934 team was notable for having the first African American basketball player in Kansas tournament history. While at Topeka High School, Smith lettered in all four years and was named all-state in basketball as a senior. Smiths interest in sports was not limited only to basketball, Smith played quarterback for his high school football team and catcher for the high school baseball team. After graduating from school, Smith attended the University of Kansas on an academic scholarship where he majored in mathematics. While at Kansas, Smith continued his interest in sports by playing varsity basketball, varsity baseball, and freshman football, during his time on the varsity basketball team, Kansas won the national championship in 1952 and were NCAA tournament finalists in 1953. Smiths basketball coach during his time at Kansas was Phog Allen, after graduation, Smith served as assistant coach at Kansas in the 1953–54 season.
Smith next served a stint in the United States Air Force in Germany, working as a coach of United States Air Force Academys baseball. Yet, Smiths big break would come in the United States, in 1958, North Carolina coach Frank McGuire asked Smith to join his staff as an assistant coach. Aycock told WNCN that McGuire told him he was leaving on a Saturday, Smiths elevation occurred amid rumors of a point shaving scandal involving UNC players
Henry Payne Hank Iba was an American hall-of-fame basketball coach, winner of two NCAA Mens Division I basketball championships and two Olympic gold medals. Iba was born and raised in Easton, Missouri and he played college basketball at Westminster College, where he became a member of Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity. The basketball court at Westminster is now named in his honor, after coaching stints at Maryville Teachers College and the University of Colorado, Iba came to Oklahoma A&M College in 1934. He stayed at Oklahoma A&M, renamed Oklahoma State University in 1957, for most of his tenure at A&M/OSU, he doubled as athletic director. Additionally, Iba coached OSUs baseball team from 1934 to 1941, Ibas teams were methodical, ball-controlling units that featured weaving patterns and low scoring games. Ibas swinging gate defense was applauded by many, and is effective in todays game. He was known as the Iron Duke of Defense, Iba is thought to be one of the toughest coaches in NCAA history. He was a very methodical coach, and he always wanted things done perfectly, Ibas Aggies became the first to win consecutive NCAA titles.
His 1945–46 NCAA champions were led by Bob Kurland, the games first seven-foot player and they beat NYU in the 1945 finals and North Carolina in the 1946 finals. He was voted coach of the year in both seasons and his 1945 champions defeated National Invitation Tournament champion, DePaul, and 69 center George Mikan in a classic Red Cross Benefit game. A&M/State teams won 14 Missouri Valley titles and one Big Eight title, all told, in 40 years of coaching, he won 767 games—the second-most in college basketball history at the time of his retirement. As OSUs athletic director, he built a program that won 19 national championships in 5 sports over the years, after his retirement, Mr. Iba frequently showed up at practices, often giving advice to young players. In 1987, OSUs home arena, Gallagher Hall, was renamed Gallagher-Iba Arena in Ibas honor, a seat in the southeast concourse level of the arena is known as Mr. Ibas Seat, and it is maintained without a fan having sat in it. Iba died on January 15,1993, in Stillwater, Iba coached the USA Olympic basketball team in 1964,1968 and 1972.
He is the first coach in USA Olympic basketball history to two gold medal winning teams. Coach Mike Krzyzewski was the second, the 1972 final resulted in a controversial loss to the Soviet Union breaking Team USAs 63-game win streak since basketball was introduced to the Olympics in 1936. Iba was indirectly responsible for a $165 million donation to the Oklahoma State University Athletic Program, in 1951, T. Boone Pickens, a graduate of OSU with a degree in petroleum geology, was looking for a job and asked Iba for help. Iba was inducted into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame in 1965, Iba is known for his coaching tree, the group of prominent coaches who either coached or played for Iba himself, or are linked to Iba by playing for one of his pupils
James Naismith was a Canadian-American physical educator, chaplain, sports coach and innovator. He invented the game of basketball at age 30 in 1891 and he wrote the original basketball rule book and founded the University of Kansas basketball program. Seven years after inventing basketball, Naismith received his degree in Denver in 1898. He arrived at the University of Kansas, becoming the Kansas Jayhawks athletic director, while a coach at Kansas, Naismith coached Phog Allen, who became the coach at Kansas for 39 seasons, beginning a lengthy and prestigious coaching tree. Allen went on to coach legends including Adolph Rupp and Dean Smith, among others, Naismith was born in 1861 in Almonte, Canada to Scottish immigrants. He never had a name and never signed his name with the A initial. The A was added by someone in the administration at the University of Kansas, orphaned early in his life, Naismith lived with his aunt and uncle for many years and attended grade school at Bennies Corners near Almonte.
Then he enrolled in Almonte High School, in Almonte, Ontario, in the same year, Naismith entered McGill University in Montreal. He played center on the team, and made himself some padding to protect his ears. It was for use, not team use. He won multiple Wicksteed medals for outstanding gymnastics performances, Naismith earned a BA in Physical Education and a Diploma at the Presbyterian College in Montreal. At Springfield YMCA, Naismith struggled with a class that was confined to indoor games throughout the harsh New England winter. In his attempt to think up a new game, Naismith was guided by three main thoughts, firstly, he analyzed the most popular games of those times, Naismith noticed the hazards of a ball and concluded that the big soft soccer ball was safest. Secondly, he saw that most physical contact occurred while running with the ball, dribbling or hitting it, Naismith further reduced body contact by making the goal unguardable, namely placing it high above the players heads. To score goals, he forced the players to throw a soft lobbing shot that had proven effective in his old favorite game duck on a rock, Naismith christened this new game Basket Ball and put his thoughts together in 13 basic rules.
The first game of Basket Ball was played in December 1891, stubbins brot up the peach baskets to the gym I secured them on the inside of the railing of the gallery. This was about 10 feet from the floor, one at end of the gymnasium. I put the 13 rules on the board just behind the instructors platform, secured a soccer ball
The EuroLeague Finals are the championship finals of the EuroLeague competition. The EuroLeague is the highest level tier, and most important professional club competition in Europe. For finals not played in a game, an * precedes the score of the team playing at home. †2001 was a year, with the best European teams split into two major leagues. A2001 was a year, with the best European teams split into two major leagues, SuproLeague, held by FIBA Europe and EuroLeague, held by Euroleague Basketball. The finals series of the latter, From 1958 to 1987, there was no actual MVP award given. The top scoring performances in EuroLeague Finals games, Žarko Varajić47 points vs. Emerson Varese Vladimir Andreev 37 points vs, real Madrid Dražen Petrović36 points vs. Real Madrid Sergei Belov 34 points vs. Ignis Varese Steve Chubin 34 points vs, real Madrid Earl Williams 31 points vs. Real Madrid Emiliano Rodríguez 31 points vs. Spartak ZJŠ Brno Juan Antonio San Epifanio 31 points vs. Banco di Roma Virtus Wayne Hightower 30 points vs.
Dinamo Tbilisi Mirza Delibašić30 points vs. Emerson Varese Clifford Luyk 30 points vs. CSKA Moscow František Konvička 30 points vs
Basketball is a non-contact team sport played on a rectangular court by two teams of five players each. The objective is to shoot a ball through a hoop 18 inches in diameter and 10 feet high that is mounted to a backboard at each end of the court. The game was invented in 1891 by Dr. James Naismith, a team can score a field goal by shooting the ball through the basket being defended by the opposition team during regular play. A field goal scores three points for the team if the player shoots from behind the three-point line. A team can score via free throws, which are worth one point, the team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but additional time is mandated when the score is tied at the end of regulation. The ball can be advanced on the court by passing it to a teammate and it is a violation to lift, or drag, ones pivot foot without dribbling the ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands resume dribbling. The game has many techniques for displaying skill—ball-handling, passing, dunking, shot-blocking.
The point guard directs the on court action of the team, implementing the coachs game plan, Basketball is one of the worlds most popular and widely viewed sports. Outside North America, the top clubs from national leagues qualify to continental championships such as the Euroleague, the FIBA Basketball World Cup attracts the top national teams from around the world. Each continent hosts regional competitions for teams, like EuroBasket. The FIBA Womens Basketball World Cup features the top womens basketball teams from continental championships. The main North American league is the WNBA, whereas the EuroLeague Women has been dominated by teams from the Russian Womens Basketball Premier League, in early December 1891, Canadian Dr. He sought a vigorous indoor game to keep his students occupied, after rejecting other ideas as either too rough or poorly suited to walled-in gymnasiums, he wrote the basic rules and nailed a peach basket onto a 10-foot elevated track. Basketball was originally played with a soccer ball and these laces could cause bounce passes and dribbling to be unpredictable.
Eventually a lace-free ball construction method was invented, and this change to the game was endorsed by Naismith, dribbling was not part of the original game except for the bounce pass to teammates. Passing the ball was the means of ball movement. Dribbling was eventually introduced but limited by the shape of early balls. Dribbling only became a part of the game around the 1950s
A total of 213 national federations are now members, organized since 1989 into five zones or commissions, Americas, Asia and Oceania. The FIBA Basketball World Cup is a tournament for mens national teams held every four years. Teams compete for the Naismith Trophy, named in honor of basketballs Canadian creator James Naismith. A parallel event for teams, the FIBA Womens Basketball World Cup, is held quadrennially, from 1986 through 2014, it was held in the same year as the mens event. The womens tournament will continue to be held in the year as the FIFA World Cup. In 2009 FIBA announced three new tournaments, two 12-team U-17 World Championships to be played in July 2010, and an eight-team FIBA World Club Championship to be launched in October 2010, the FIBA World Club Championship did not materialize. In its place, FIBA instead relaunched its original world club championship for men, the newest worldwide FIBA tournaments for national teams are in the three-player half-court variation, 3x3.
The FIBA 3x3 U-18 World Championships were inaugurated in 2011, all events include separate tournaments for mens and mixed teams. The U-18 championships, held annually, feature 32 teams in each individual tournament, the senior championships have 24 teams in each individual tournament, and are held in even-numbered years. The association was founded in Geneva in 1932, two years after the sport was recognized by the IOC. Its original name was Fédération internationale de basket-ball amateur, eight nations were founding members, Czechoslovakia, Italy, Portugal and Switzerland. During the 1936 Summer Olympics held in Berlin, the Federation named James Naismith, FIBA has organized a World Championship, now known as World Cup, for men since 1950 and a Womens World Championship, now known as the Womens World Cup, since 1953. From 1986 through 2014, both events were held four years, alternating with the Olympics. As noted above, the mens World Cup will be moved to a new cycle, with tournaments in the year before the Summer Olympics.
The Federation headquarters moved to Munich in 1956, returned to Geneva in 2002, in 1991, it founded the FIBA Hall of Fame, the first induction ceremony was held on 12 September 2007, during EuroBasket 2007. During its 81st anniversary in 2013, FIBA moved into its new headquarters, The House of Basketball, patrick Baumann is the current Secretary General of FIBA. Up until that point, even players from some fully registered and licensed professional leagues could qualify to compete at the Olympics, after making this monumental rules change, the Fédération internationale de basket-ball amateur became the Fédération internationale de basket-ball, but it retained FIBA as an abbreviation. The 1994 FIBA World Championship was the first time that the FIBA World Cup allowed current American NBA players that had played in an official NBA regular season game to play
Sandra Kay Yow was an American basketball coach. She was the coach of the NC State Wolfpack womens basketball team from 1975 to 2009. A member of the Naismith Hall of Fame, she had more than 700 career wins and she coached the U. S. womens basketball team to an Olympic gold medal in 1988 despite having been diagnosed with breast cancer in 1987. In April 2010, CollegeInsider. com created a new award called the Kay Yow National Coach of the Year Award in her honor and it will be presented annually to the womens college basketball head coach who displays great personal character on and off the court. Yow received her Bachelor of Science degree in English from East Carolina University in 1964, after graduation she worked as English teacher and girls basketball coach at Allen Jay High School in High Point, North Carolina. She earned her Masters degree in Physical Education from UNC-Greensboro in 1970 and took the position of womens athletics coordinator, in 1975, Yow became NC States first full-time womens basketball coach and coached womens volleyball and softball.
She led the basketball team to an ACC championship in the first season of league play in 1978. On January 11,2001, she reached the 600-win milestone for her career with a 71–64 win over Temple University, on February 5,2007, she reached the 700-win milestone for her career with a 68–51 win over Florida State University. At the time of her death, she ranked as the fifth winningest active NCAA Division I womens basketball coach, on February 16,2007 the basketball court at Reynolds Coliseum was renamed Kay Yow Court in her honor. On July 11,2007, Yow received the inaugural Jimmy V ESPY Award for Perseverance, Yow was the assistant coach of the team representing the USA at the World University Games held in Mexico City, Mexico in August 1979. The opening game was against Costa Rica, and the USA almost out scored them by triple digits, the next three games were closer, but all margins were in double-digits. The fifth game was against the USSR who had won the event in 1973 and 1977. The Soviet team led at halftime, but the USA team out scored the USSR by three points in the half to win 83–81, the first win by the USA over the USSR in a major competition in two decades.
The next game was a rematch against Canada, the team they had beaten by 14 points a few days earlier and this time the Canadian team would take a nine-point lead at halftime, but the USA team came back and won 68–60. The final game of the competition was against Cuba, which the USA won 73–60 to claim their first gold medal in a World University Games event. Yow was the coach of the team representing the USA at the World University Games held in Bucharest. The team started with a game against Finland and won easily and they trailed at halftime in their next game against China, but came back to win a close game 76–74. After beating Poland, they played Czechoslovakia in a game that was close at the half, in the following game against Canada, the USA team was again behind at the half, but played a close match in the second half and pulled ahead to win 79–76
Belov died from a very rare disease – cardiac sarcoma, in 1978, at the age of 26. He was named one of FIBAs 50 Greatest Players in 1991 and he was enshrined into the FIBA Hall of Fame in 2007. In 2016, the club was renamed to BC Kondrashin Belov and it would not be until 1989, that the first Soviet player, Lithuanian born Šarūnas Marčiulionis, would play in the NBA. Belov won four medals with the senior Soviet Union national team. The highlight of his career came when he hit the game-winning shot in the 1972 Summer Olympic Games gold medal game. Biography FIBA Hall of Fame page on Belov
In basketball, an official is a person who has the responsibility to enforce the rules and maintain the order of the game. The title of official applies to the scorers and timekeepers, officials are usually referred to as referees, generally there is one lead referee and one or two umpires, depending on whether there is a two- or three-person crew. In the NBA, the official is called the crew chief. In FIBA-sanctioned play, two-man crews consist of a referee and an umpire, both classes of officials have equal rights to control almost all aspects of the game. In most cases, the lead official performs the jump ball to begin the contest, though NFHS, in American high school and college basketball, the officials generally wear black and white striped shirts with black side panels, black pants and black shoes. Some state high school association allow officials to wear shirts with black pin strips instead of the black. NBA officials wear shirts with black slacks and black shoes. The NBA shirt is grey with black colored shoulders and sleeves, the WNBA referee shirt is similar to the NBA referee shirt, except that its shoulder and sleeve colors are orange and the WNBA logo takes the place of the NBA logo.
FIBA officials wear a grey and black official referee shirt, black trousers, black socks, officials in competitions organized by Euroleague Basketball —the Euroleague and Eurocup—wear an orange referee shirt. Officials in the Israel Basketball Association generally wear the Euroleagues orange uniform shirt, most officials slacks are currently belt-less, while most officials shirts are collar-less, V-neck shirts. All officials wear a whistle that is used to play as a result of a foul or a violation on the court. In all instances of officiating, hand signals are used to indicate the nature of the infraction or to administer the game, in higher levels of college and professional ball, all officials wear a timing device on the belt-line called PTS. The device is used by on court officials to start and stop the clock in a timely manner, rather than waiting for the scoreboard operator to do so. The officials must ensure that the game runs smoothly, and this encompasses a variety of different responsibilities, from calling the game to player and spectator management.
They carry a duty of care to the players they officiate and to ensure that the court and all equipment used is in a safe and usable condition. Should there be an issue that inhibits the safe playing of the game, quite often, the job of an official surpasses that of the game at hand, as they must overcome unforeseen situations that may or may not have an influence on the game. There are two methods for officiating a basketball game, either two-person or three-person mechanics depending on how many officials are available to work the game. In two-person mechanics, each official works either the lead or the trail position, the lead position is normally along the baseline of the court, with the trail position having its starting point at the free throw line extended on the left side of the court facing the basket
Introduced in 2000, the competition replaced the FIBA EuroLeague, which had been run by FIBA since 1958. For Euroleague Basketball records purposes, the FIBA European Champions Cup and EuroLeague are considered to be the same competition, with the change of name being simply a re-branding. EuroLeague is one of the most popular professional sports leagues in the world, with an average attendance of 8,184. The EuroLeague title has been won by 20 different clubs,13 of which have won the more than once. The FIBA European Champions Cup was originally established by FIBA and it operated under its umbrella from 1958 until the summer of 2000 and that was when Euroleague Basketball was created. FIBA had never trademarked the EuroLeague name, even though it had used that name for the competition since 1996. Euroleague Basketball simply appropriated the name, and since FIBA had no recourse to do anything about it, it was forced to find a new name for its championship series. Thus, the following 2000–2001 season started with 2 separate top European professional club competitions, the FIBA SuproLeague.
The rift in European professional club basketball initially showed no signs of letting up, in May 2001, Europe had two continental champions, Maccabi of the FIBA SuproLeague and Kinder Bologna of the Euroleague. The leaders of both organizations realized the need to come up with a unified competition, although only a year old, Euroleague Basketball negotiated from a position of strength and dictated proceedings. FIBA essentially had no choice but to agree to Euroleague Basketballs terms, as a result, European club competition was fully integrated under Euroleague Basketballs umbrella and teams that competed in the FIBA SuproLeague during the 2000–01 season joined it as well. In essence, the authority in European professional basketball was divided over club-country lines, FIBA stayed in charge of national team competitions, while Euroleague Basketball took over the European professional club competitions. From that point on, FIBAs Korać Cup and Saporta Cup competitions lasted only one season before folding.
In November 2015, Euroleague Basketball and IMG agreed on 10-year joint venture, both Euroleague Basketball and IMG will manage the commercial operation, and the management of all global rights covering both media and marketing. The deal was worth €630 million euros guaranteed, with projected revenues reaching €900 million euros, FIBA era, FIBA European Champions Cup, FIBA European League, FIBA EuroLeague, FIBA SuproLeague, Euroleague Basketball era, Euroleague. *There were two separate competitions during the 2000–01 season, the SuproLeague, which was organized by FIBA, and the Euroleague, which was organized by Euroleague Basketball. On 26 July 2010, Turkish Airlines and Euroleague Basketball announced a €15 million strategic agreement to sponsor the top European basketball competition across the globe, according to the agreement, starting with the 2010–11 season, the top European competition would be named Turkish Airlines Euroleague Basketball. Similarly, the EuroLeague Final Four would be named the Turkish Airlines EuroLeague Final Four and this title partnership was set to run for five seasons, with the option of extending it to an additional five