Harold Thomas Cottam was a 21-year-old British wireless operator on the RMS Carpathia who fortuitously happened to receive the distress call from the sinking RMS Titanic on 15 April 1912. Cottam's decision to awaken Captain Arthur Henry Rostron and relay Titanic's message in spite of the scepticism of the officer on watch allowed Carpathia to arrive at the scene hours before any other ship and is "credited with saving hundreds of lives." Cottam was born on 27 January 1891 in Southwell, Nottinghamshire to William Cottam and his wife Jane. He had four younger brothers. At 17, Cottam left home to study eleven months at the British College of Telegraphy in London, becoming the school's youngest graduate in 1908. Afterward, he obtained a posting with the Marconi Company as second wireless operator on the RMS Empress of Ireland, sailing between Liverpool and Quebec. At the time, despite being stationed in a variety of locations on ship and land, wireless operators remained employees of the Marconi company.
As a Marconi employee, Cottam was subsequently assigned as a telegraphist at the British post office where, on separate occasions, he met and befriended both Jack Phillips and Harold Bride, who would become the Titanic's wireless operators. He served as the wireless operator aboard the SS Medic, on which he made two voyages from Liverpool to Sydney, Australia. Cottam had been employed by the Marconi Company for three years before joining the crew of the Carpathia in February 1912 as the ship's sole wireless operator. On the night of 14 April 1912, Cottam was on the Carpathia's bridge reporting the day's communications, thus missing Titanic's first distress calls shortly after midnight. Afterward, he listened to the receiver before going to bed, waiting for a confirmation of that afternoon's communication with the SS Parisian. While waiting, he received messages from Cape Cod, stating they had private traffic for Titanic. Having heard Titanic's wireless operator was overworked and because Carpathia was the nearest ship, he decided to "give him a hand."Roughly ten minutes after Titanic first began transmitting CQD, the wireless distress signal, Cottam relayed Cape Cod's message to Titanic.
In reply, he received a distress call from Titanic's wireless officer Jack Phillips: "Come at once. We have struck a berg. It's a CQD, old man." To Cottam's question whether it was serious, Phillips replied, "Yes it's a CQD old man. Here's the position, report it, get here as soon as you can." At the Senate inquiry, Captain Arthur Rostron stated: "The whole thing was providential. I will tell you this, that the wireless operator was in his cabin, at the time, not on official business at all, but just listening as he was undressing, he was unlacing his boots at the time. He had this apparatus on his ear, the message came; that was the whole thing. In 10 minutes, maybe he would have been in bed, we would not have heard the messages." Cottam coordinates to the bridge. According to Rostron's Senate testimony, both First Officer Horace Dean and Second Officer James G. P. Bisset were there on watch, although Rostron was asleep in his cabin at that time. Bisset's book and Cottam's 1956 BBC interview agree that only Dean was on watch, Bisset having been relieved.
Many accounts differ on. According to Cottam in 1956, the officer on watch was slow to respond to the news. Cottam did not mention this point in either inquiry in 1912, nor in the news story he gave to the New York Times upon landing in New York. Rostron does not mention it. However, various sources have speculated; some cite CQD's status as an all-purpose distress call, not signifying loss of life. Others point out that CQ by itself means "calling all stations" and it's thus possible there was doubt whether Cottam heard the call correctly, it is mentioned that, because SOS had been adopted in 1908, it might have been expected to hear that in a true emergency. Because it had been vaunted that Titanic was unsinkable, it could have been reasoned that whatever danger the ship was in could not be critical. Unable to convince Dean enough to his satisfaction, Cottam rushed down the ladder to the captain's cabin and awakened Rostron. Rostron testified at the Senate inquiry that both Dean came to wake him.
Rostron "gave the order to turn the ship around," and "asked the operator if he was sure it was a distress signal from the Titanic." Cottam said that he had "received a distress signal from the Titanic, requiring immediate assistance," gave Titanic's position, said that "he was certain of the message." Whilst dressing, Rostron set a course for Titanic, sent for the chief engineer and told "him to call another watch of stokers and make all possible speed to the Titanic, as she was in trouble."Cottam, messaged the Titanic that Carpathia was "coming as as possible and expect to be there within four hours." Second Officer Bisset writes that Cottam refrained from sending more signals after this, trying to keep the air clear for Titanic's distress signals. However, Cottam testified that while Carpathia sped to Titanic's position, he was kept busy relaying messages from other ships in the area that Phillips was having difficulty hearing because of noise from the sinking ship, he delivered updates to the bridge.
Around 1:45 a.m. Cottam received Titanic's final intelligible message: "Come as as possible, old man, the engine room is filling up to the boilers." He replied that "all our boats were ready and we were coming as hard as we could come" but received no further response
Bradley Joseph "Brad" Cottam is a former American football tight end who played for the Kansas City Chiefs of the National Football League. He played high school football at Evangelical Christian School in Tennessee, he backed up eagle great Michael Shea during the 2000 state championship run. His younger brother Jeff Cottam went to Tennessee and was signed by the Cincinnati Bengals as an undrafted free agent in 2010. Brad married the former Lauren Hawks of Overland Park, KS on July 9, 2011. Cottam played college football at Tennessee, he was drafted by the Chiefs in the third round, 76th overall, of the 2008 NFL Draft. After three injury-filled seasons with the Chiefs, he was released on July 29, 2011. For his NFL career, Cottam caught 16 passes for no touchdowns. Kansas City Chiefs bio Tennessee Volunteers bio
Cottam is a village and civil parish in Nottinghamshire 8 miles east of Retford within the Bassetlaw district. The name is pronounced'Cotum' locally; the population of the civil parish in the 2011 Census was given as 108. To the south of the village is Cottam Power Station with 8 cooling towers, built between 1964 and 1968. Cottam is close to Sundown Adventureland. Cottam is described in the Domesday Book as comprising 8 households, its Lord was Hardwulf of Fulco of Lisors. The tenant in chief in 1086 was Roger de Bully, given extensive lands in Nottinghamshire and the Strafforth wapentake of Yorkshire that had belonged to a variety of Anglo-Saxon and Scandinavian Lords. Fulco of Lisors was an important tenant of Roger of Bully, he was a witness of Roger of Bully's charter founding his priory of Blyth, as well as a donor of lands. His wife was called Albreda and they had a son, Robert. Cottam was spelt'Cotum' in 1280 but this is a literal spelling of the way the name is pronounced locally to this day.
In 1636 a widow of Cottam was prosecuted for being a ‘popish’ recusant. In White's Directory of 1844, Cottam was described as having 89 inhabitants; the population was unchanged in 1851. In 1848 Cottam was described by Lewis as: "a small village and a township in South Leverton parish, Notts, on the M. S. & L. R. near the river Trent, 7¼miles E by S of East Retford, with a station on the railway, a post office under Lincoln. Acreage, 599; the living is a vicarage, annexed to that of Littleborough, in the diocese of Southwell. The church is small, has a Norman doorway. There is a Wesleyan chapel". Wilson was unimpressed by Cottam, describing its church as "small and plain", he commented that at that time it had a railway station, comprised 19 houses and had a population of 86. The property value was £814; the station mentioned by Lewis and Wilson was demolished and the line closed between Clarborough Junction and Sykes Junction to passenger traffic in 1959. However, the line was kept open from the West to enable merry-go-round coal trains to Cottam Power Station.
Cottam's population had grown to 107 by 1887. Cottam village was described in 1938 as: "Its few houses line one side of the road and look over meadows stretching nearly a mile to the Trent, dividing Notts from Lincolnshire. A lychgate at the end of a wayside path brings us to the simple building, with walls aslant and chancel under one steep roof on four massive old beams, a turret for one bell. A porch shelters the Norman doorway, which has crude chevron mouldings boldly carved, pillars on each side with scalloped capitals; the bowl of the ancient font is outside the porch, set on a new base." Cottam power stations were built in 1964 on the land of the former Mickleholme Farm, demolished. The power plants have been said to have an overbearing quality on the village by many, but some commentators have praised the modernist aesthetic of the towers and are regretful they may be demolished and removed by 2025. Hilary Sylvester of Nottingham Civic Society's said of Nottinghamshire's Power Stations: "They provide a point in the landscape.
People did not want them when they were first built but they've been there for so long they are a feature. Putting a building in the landscape doesn't ruin it, an industrial building doesn't have to be awful." Bassetlaw Council has placed much of Cottam within an area of Archaeological interest, noting: "Recognising the overall high potential for the survival of below-ground archaeology in certain parts of both Treswell and Cottom, Bassetlaw District Council has identified a number of areas within the parish as Areas of Archaeological Interest."The Church of the Holy Trinity The Church of the Holy Trinity is a Grade II listed building, which dates from the 12th century. It was restored in 1869 and again in 1890, its listing describes it as being built of coursed rubble and dressed stone, with ashlar quoins and dressings, a slate roof. It has a single bellcote that dates from 1890. There was a single bell hung in the bellcote that had the following inscription:'GOD SAVE HIS CHVRCH 1704'; until 1817 there were two bells hung in the bellcote.
The church contains a single war memorial, erected for the fallen of the parish in World War I. The memorial is made of slate; the inscription read:'This Memorial is Erected by the Parishioners of Cottam, in Proud and Grateful Memory of those from this Parish who fell in the Great War. 1914-18. George Fenton, Frank Howard, William Howard, Percy Kitchen. See that their names are not forgotten.' The church font is Grade II listed. Its listing says it dates from the 14th century, is Octagonal; the base is inscribed as follows: "Ancient font presented to Church by Archbishop …, 1918." The church had a history of problematic priests. In 1538, Sir John Hercy wrote to Thomas Cromwell, begging him to take pity on the ‘poor men of Cottam’ who were threatened by a ‘lunatic priest’. In 1610 the churchwardens’ presentment complained of a minister who failed to read divine service, had allowed his son Euzebius to expound service and was frequenting alehouses'in verie scandalous sorte’; the church is now a private house.
Wesleyan Chapel Cottam has a former Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, built 1857. The chapel is now a private two-bedroom house. According to the National Crime A
RAF Cottam was a Royal Air Force station near Cottam in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England and 3.9 miles north west of Driffield, East Riding of Yorkshire. Despite being built as a bomber airfield as a satellite to RAF Driffield, poor weather conditions meant it was never used as an airfield. Cottam's watch office was demolished in 1980; the airfield operated until June 1954. The airfield was used by RAF Maintenance Command as No. 91 Maintenance Unit RAF used the runways and buildings for bomb storage. The airfield is farmland with little remaining buildings spread over the entire site and the dispersed areas, however the traces of the runways and dispersals can be seen from the air. RAF Cottam has a unique claim to fame as the'virtual' airfield for RAF Air Traffic Controller as well as Flight Operations simulator training at RAF Shawbury. Airfield Information Exchange Driffield Online
Coatham is a place in the borough of Redcar and Cleveland and the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire, England and is now a district of Redcar. Coatham began as a market village in the 14th century to the smaller adjacent fishing port of Redcar but as their populations grew from the 1850s, the dividing space narrowed. Though Coatham is now only a mile-wide district in the town of Redcar, the need for definition was strong enough to warrant the western boundary being marked by a fence which ran the length of West Dyke Road and West Terrace. Coatham comprises the remaining coastal land north of the railway line from West Dyke Road to Warrenby in the west. Between 1875 and 1898, Coatham had a leisure pier, it was intended to extend 2,000 feet into the sea, but damage in the building stage from shipping and storms curtailed the distance to 1,800 feet. In October 1898, the pier was struck by the 757 tonnes Finnish freighter Birger; the ship had developed trouble during a storm in the North Sea and despite passing Grimsby and Whitby, she carried for South Shields.
During a ferocious storm she crashed onto the rocks at Coatham and wrecked a 60 feet section of the pier in the middle. Only two members of her crew of 15 were rescued; the present-day Redcar & Cleveland College was a grammar school before 1975. The majority of modern Coatham is Victorian housing, most notably at its northern tip by the Coatham Hotel built in 1860. A small boating lake, leisure centre, arcade complex and caravan park now occupies the remainder of Coatham's coast. To the east, the Tees Valley Wildlife Trust's Coatham Marsh Nature Reserve hosts 54 hectares of ancient Marsh and grassland. Since the mid-1990s political debate has been generated amongst Coatham's five thousand residents as to the future of the last undeveloped section of Coatham's coastal land known as Coatham Common/Coatham Enclosure - for the last 25 years used as a golf course and local recreation area. Residents are objecting at losing open space to the council's proposed housing and leisure development planned to revive the tourist industry.
The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom announced on 3 March 2010 that Redcar Council must register the land as a Village Green. Coatham is the town where Jane Gardam, twice winner of the Whitbread Prize, was brought up and where some of her novels are set. Coatham Marsh Wildlife Images A Redcar History site National Statistics - Coatham Ward 2001 Tees Valley Wildlife Trust Redcar & Cleveland Borough Council - Coatham Neighbourhood Service
Lea and Lea Town are villages in the City of Preston, England. Together they form the civil parish of Lea, which has a population of 5,962. In 2011, the population increased to 6157; the area is an electoral ward with Preston, represented by three councillors. Lea and Cottam form Lea Ward of Preston City council represented by three Conservative councillors, together with Ingol forms Preston West division of Lancashire County Council, represented by one councillor a Liberal Democrat The area is represented by Lea and Cottam Parish Council. Cottam is a former farming community now entirely consisting of new build housing. Lea is the name given to two areas of the western extremities of Preston. Lea Town and Lea were called French Lea in the 11th to 13th centuries. From the last census, in 2001, over 83% of the population regarded themselves as Christian, whilst the figure of 11.5% for retired people is one of the highest in the city. There are several churches in Lea including St. Christopher's.
St. Christopher's is home to 2nd Lea Scout Group; the parish of Lea was formed on 1 April 1934 from part of the former parish of Lea Ashton Ingol and Cottam, formed in 1866. Lea parish was part of Preston Rural District until its abolition in 1974. In 1974 the parish became part of the Borough of Preston, which became a city in 2002; the area was served by Lea Road railway station between 1840 and 1938. Listed buildings in Lea, Lancashire