Big Cottonwood Creek
Big Cottonwood Creek is one of the largest streams entering Salt Lake Valley from the east from the Wasatch Mountains. The creek flows through the Big Cottonwood Canyon in a direction until it emerges into Salt Lake Valley about eighteen miles from its highest source. Thence its course is northwesterly through Cottonwood Heights and Murray, in the summer its waters are all used for irrigation purposes. From its source to its outlet into the Jordan River is a distance of about twenty six miles. The creek flows from around 9,600 feet at the headwaters to around 4,250 feet when it reaches the confluence with the Jordan River. The stream flows in a northwest direction as it leaves the headwaters near Brighton, at the base of the canyon the stream leaves the Uinta-Wasatch-Cache National Forest and a portion of the flow enters the Big Cottonwood Treatment Plant to provide municipal drinking water. At this point the stream again flows northwest until the confluence with the Jordan River around the Murray area.
The source waters at the top of the canyon begin near the Brighton Ski Resort and flow from Silver Lake, Twin Lakes Reservoir, Lake Mary, Lake Martha, Lake Catherine, additionally precipitation and many tributaries along the canyon contribute to Big Cottonwood Creek’s water volume. Brighton receives over 50 inches of precipitation annually, most in the form of snow,400 inches of total annual snowfall are measured. The average water yield of Big Cottonwood Creek is 52,864 acre feet and this canyon is a protected watershed area under strict management controls since it is a major source of drinking water for Salt Lake City. No dogs or horses are allowed, the water quality provides an excellent source for drinking water. Flooding is relatively rare for this creek, in the summer of 2010, Big Cottonwood Creek hit 4.1 feet above the waterline. The flood stage for the waterways is 4.2 feet. Big Cottonwood Canyon and the surrounding Uinta-Wasatch-Cache National Forest have a history of resource use.
As Salt Lake City grew through the century to early 20th century tremendous demands were placed on natural resources through population growth, railroading. The canyons were stripped of timber and minerals by 1900, a serious impact was the timber industry’s sawmills. The first mills were two built in the lower portion of Big Cottonwood Canyon by 1850 and in the next decade the mills moved up the canyon. Today the canyon continues to be impacted through recreational demands and urban pressure, outdoor activities in the canyon include fishing, seasonal hunting, hiking, sightseeing, rock climbing and snowboarding
Midvale is a city in Salt Lake County, United States. It is part of the Salt Lake City, Utah Metropolitan Statistical Area, the population was 30,764 at the 2010 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 5.8 square miles. This climatic region is typified by large temperature differences, with warm to hot summers. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Midvale has a continental climate. As of the census of 2000, there were 27,029 people,10,089 households, the population density was 4,627.4 people per square mile. There were 10,730 housing units at a density of 1,837.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 82. 44% White,1. 18% African American,1. 29% Native American,1. 85% Asian,0. 58% Pacific Islander,9. 96% from other races, and 2. 71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20. 77% of the population,25. 3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6. 5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.66 and the family size was 3.19. In the city, the population was out with 25. 8% under the age of 18,16. 7% from 18 to 24,31. 8% from 25 to 44,16. 6% from 45 to 64. The median age was 28 years, for every 100 females there were 102.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.7 males, the median income for a household in the city was $40,130, and the median income for a family was $43,322. Males had an income of $31,325 versus $25,382 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,609, about 9. 4% of families and 13. 1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19. 3% of those under age 18 and 3. 5% of those age 65 or over. Midvale City has a nonpartisan mayor-council form of government, the mayor and five councilors are elected to four-year terms. The current Mayor of Midvale is Dr. JoAnn B, City Council members include Robert M. Hale, Paul Glover, Brent Moore, Wayne Sharp, and Colleen Costello. Midvale Fire and Police are furnished by arrangement with the Unified Police, Midvale no longer fields its own police or fire departments
2000 United States Census
This was the twenty-second federal census and was at the time the largest civilly administered peacetime effort in the United States. Approximately 16 percent of households received a form of the 2000 census. Full documentation on the 2000 census, including forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Microdata from the 2000 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, personally identifiable information will be available in 2072. The U. S. resident population includes the number of people in the 50 states. The Bureau enumerated the residents of the U. S. territory of Puerto Rico, its population was 3,808,610, the 2000 Census was the first time survey options for multiracial Americans were provided. S. Households had access to computers, 42% have Internet access, the South and West experienced the bulk of the nations population increase,14,790,890 and 10,411,850, respectively.
This meant that the center of U. S. population moved to Phelps County. The Northeast grew by 2,785,149, the Midwest by 4,724,144, the results of the census are used to determine how many congressional districts each state is apportioned. Congress defines the formula, in accordance with Title 2 of the U. S. Code, each member of the House represents a population of about 647,000. The populations of the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico are excluded from the apportionment population because they do not have voting seats in the U. S, since the first census in 1790, the decennial count has been the basis for the United States representative form of government. Article I, Section II specifies that The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, in 1790, each member of the House represented about 34,000 residents. Since then, the House more than quadrupled in size, each member represents about 20 times as many constituents. This recommendation was followed by the Secretary of Commerce, after the census was tabulated, Utah challenged the results in two different ways.
Utah was extremely close to gaining a fourth seat, falling 857 people short. The margin was shortened to 80 people, after the government discovered that it overcounted the population of North Carolina by 2,673 residents. Utah claimed that individuals traveling abroad as religious missionaries should be counted as residents, almost half of all Mormon missionaries, more than 11,000 individuals, were from Utah, only 102 came from North Carolina
County (United States)
In the United States, an administrative or political sub-division of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term county is used in 48 U. S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes, most counties have subdivisions which may include municipalities and unincorporated areas. Others have no divisions, or may serve as a singular consolidated city-county. Some municipalities are in multiple counties, New York City is uniquely partitioned into multiple counties/boroughs, the U. S. federal government uses the term county equivalent to describe non-county administrative or statistical areas that are comparable to counties. Alaskas Unorganized Borough is divided into 11 census areas that are equivalent to counties. As of 2013, the United States has 3,007 counties and 137 county equivalents for a total of 3,144 counties, the number of counties per state ranges from the 3 counties of Delaware to the 254 counties of Texas.
Counties have significant governmental functions in all states except Rhode Island and Connecticut, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts has removed most government functions from eight of its 14 counties. The county with the largest population, Los Angeles County, counties were among the earliest units of local government established in the Thirteen Colonies that would become the United States. Virginia created the first counties in order to ease the workload in Jamestown. Americas oldest intact county court records can be found at Eastville, Virginia, in Northampton County, maryland established its first county, St. Marys, in 1637, and Massachusetts followed in 1643. When independence came, the framers of the Constitution did not provide for local governments, they left the matter to the states. Subsequently, early state constitutions generally conceptualized county government as an arm of the state, in some states, these powers are partly or mostly devolved to the counties smaller divisions usually called townships, though in New York, New England and Wisconsin they are called towns.
The county may or may not be able to override its townships on certain matters, the newest county in the United States is the city and county of Broomfield, established in 2001 as a consolidated city-county. The newest county-equivalents are the Alaskan boroughs of Skagway established in 2007, Wrangell established in 2008, there are 40 consolidated city-counties in the U. S. Similarly, some of Alaskas boroughs have merged with their principal cities creating unified city-boroughs. Some such consolidations and mergers have created cities that rank among the geographically largest cities in the world, see also, #County names, regarding Louisiana. Independent cities, These are cities that legally belong to no county, Washington, D. C. outside the jurisdiction of any state, has a special status. The city of Washington comprises the entirety of the District of Columbia, when founded in 1801, the District consisted of two counties and three cities. In 1846, Alexandria County – including the then–City of Alexandria – was given back to Virginia, in 1871, the three remaining entities – the City of Washington, Georgetown City, and Washington County – were merged into a consolidated government by an act of Congress
Overstock. com, Inc. is an American internet retailer headquartered in Midvale, near Salt Lake City. Patrick M. Byrne founded the company in 1997 and launched the company in May 1999, the company continues to sell home decor, furniture and many other goods that are closeout merchandise, however, it sells new merchandise. The business started rebranding in early 2011, as O. co, to simplify and unify its international operations but interrupted this effort a few months later, Byrne took an indefinite leave of absence in April 2016, because of Hepatitis C complications. The general counsel, Mitch Edwards, was named acting CEO, in July 2016, Byrne returned as CEO. Part of Overstock. coms merchandise is purchased by or manufactured specifically for the company, among their products are handmade goods produced for Overstock by workers in developing nations. The company manages the supply for other retailers. In addition to its retail sales, Overstock. com began offering online auctions on its website in 2004, known as Overstock.
com Marketplace. This service was retired in July 2011, after initially relying solely on word-of-mouth marketing from customers, the company turned to distinctive television advertisements starring German actress Sabine Ehrenfeld. Later, they would employ other advertising spokespersons, in August 2008, Jack Byrne said that after much initial skepticism he believed his son was right all along about the battle and lawsuits with short-sellers and analysts. In 2010 the elder Byrne returned to the Overstock. com board of directors, in early 2007, John A. Fisher and Ray Groves resigned from the Overstock board of directors over disagreement with the companys prime broker suit. On January 2,2008, Overstock announced that cofounder Jason Lindsey had resigned as President, COO, Byrne said Lindsey had played a decisive role getting back on track after I screwed it up a couple years ago. Overstock stock dropped to a low following the announcement, which an analyst for investment bank Broadpoint Capital described as a key loss.
In 2011, revenues dropped 5 percent over a penalty period imposed by Google. According to the Associated Press, Overstock set up fake websites linking back to its own site, Overstock said it was penalized in part for a practice of encouraging college and university websites to post links to Overstock pages so that students and faculty could receive discounts. As a result of the Google penalty, search results for products dropped in Google rankings. During the same year, Overstock. com acquired naming rights to the former Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum, the Coliseum was rebranded O. co Coliseum, in keeping with Overstocks then-rebranding as O. co. In 2013, Overstock began promoting increased immigration, Overstock president Jonathan Johnson told the Los Angeles Times that his firm had struggled to hire enough computer programmers and software developers to expand the business. We pay more, and they are hard to fill
Holladay is a city in Salt Lake County, United States. It is part of the Salt Lake City, Utah Metropolitan Statistical Area, the population was 26,472 at the 2010 census, a significant increase from 14,561 in 2000. The city was incorporated on November 29,1999 as Holladay-Cottonwood, and it was reported in the 1990 census as the Holladay-Cottonwood CDP. On July 29,1847 a group of Mormon pioneers known as the Mississippi Company, among them John Holladay of Alabama, within weeks after their arrival, they discovered a free-flowing, spring-fed stream, which they called Spring Creek. While most of the returned to the main settlement in Great Salt Lake for the winter. Thus, this became the first village established away from Great Salt Lake City itself, in the spring, a number of families hurried out to build homes and tame the land. There were numerous springs and ponds here and grasses and wild flowers were abundant, when John Holladay was named as the branch president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the village took upon itself the name of Holladay’s Settlement or Holladay’s Burgh.
John Holladays family dates to the early 18th century in Virginia and his ancestors were signers of the South Carolina Declaration of Independence and fought in the Revolutionary War. He is a cousin to Ben Holladay, The Stagecoach King and it is not known if they were in contact. John and his father Daniel, a Revolutionary War veteran, pioneered in Alabama before Johns conversion to Mormonism. A year before the first LDS migration, in the spring of 1846 and they had not gotten the word that Brigham Youngs departure had been delayed by a year. Holladay is the oldest continuously inhabited settlement in Utah, since Salt Lake City was abandoned for a time in 1857 when Johnstons Army occupied the city, another center of settlement is the area settled in the mid-19th century by Rasmus Knudsen, now known as Knudsens Corner. This area lies in the southeastern corner of the city and is split with neighboring Cottonwood Heights. In the 1960s the Cottonwood Mall was constructed in Holladay, it being Utahs first enclosed shopping mall, the mall was closed down in 2007 after a plan to turn the mall into a European-style outdoor shopping village was announced.
The city was incorporated on November 29,1999 as Holladay-Cottonwood, Holladay City operated under the strong mayor form of government from 1999 until 2003, when the council-manager form was adopted. The mayors of Holladay have been Liane Stillman, Dennis Larkin, the citys first manager is Randy Fitts. Members of the City Council have included Edward D. P, Sandy Thackeray, Steven Peterson, Jim Palmer, Grant Orton, Daniel Bay Gibbons, Jeffrey Fishman, Hugo Diederich, Lynn Pace and Patricia Pignanelli. It has expanded its borders several times, the most significant expansion of which was in 2002, as of the census of 2000, there were 14,561 people,5,096 households, and 3,806 families residing in the city
Sandy is a city in Salt Lake County, United States. The population was 87,461 at the 2010 census, making it the sixth-largest city in Utah, Sandy is home to the Shops at South Town shopping mall, the Jordan Commons entertainment and dining complex, and the South Towne Exposition Center. It is the location of the soccer-specific Rio Tinto Stadium, which hosts Real Salt Lake home games, the city is currently developing an urban and transit-oriented city center called The Cairns. Located at the base of the Wasatch Mountains thirteen miles south of Salt Lake City, permanent settlers first moved into Sandy during the 1860s and 1870s because of the availability of land in the less crowded southern end of the Salt Lake Valley. The origin of its name has not been established with any certainty, perhaps most widely believed is that Brigham Young named Sandy for its thirsty soil, but there is no historical evidence for this. Another theory is that the name came from a legendary and colorful Scotsman, Alexander Sandy Kinghorn, though this seems bolstered by the original name, historians consider it unlikely in view of the short period between the start of the train service and the first instances of the name.
Within a few years, Thomas Allsop, a Yorkshire farmer who had immigrated to Utah in 1853, leGrand Young owned the land between Fourth East and State Street. Farmers willing to try their hand at the thirsty soil that inspired Sandys name took up land along State Street, but it was mining that shaped Sandys first four decades. Three major smelters were located in Sandy and they were the Flagstaff, the Mingo, and the Saturn. These made Sandy the territorys most significant smelting center for a number of years, the railroad was significant in determining the course of Sandys history. Built in 1873, the railroad connected Sandy to Salt Lake City and facilitated the transportation of ore, a streetcar line in 1907 facilitated the transportation of locals to jobs in Salt Lake City, and the automobile continued to serve that function. When the mines failed in the 1890s, Sandy faltered, underwent a significant economic transformation into an agricultural community. The fact that Sandy did not disappear, like so many mining towns that dwindled with their mother lodes, was due to its location, resources.
Sandy was incorporated in 1893, largely as part of an effort to combat what Mormon inhabitants considered unsavory elements in the town, due to its mine-based beginnings, Sandy was somewhat of a boomtown, unlike the majority of other rural Utah towns. After incorporation, it was almost as if Sandy had redefined itself, gone were the large numbers of single, transient men. By 1900, there was only a handful of saloons and hotels, farming and family formed the focus of the inhabitants world. This pace and way of life continued for more than six decades, interrupted only by wars, the Depression, no significant jumps in population, economic trends, or social patterns altered the predictable and stable rhythm of life. In the late 1960s, this rural town dramatically changed course with its second boom and it had always been assumed by local leaders and citizens that Sandy would grow outward from its logical and historic center—the nexus of Main and Center streets
A U. S. state is a constituent political entity of the United States of America. There are 50 states, which are together in a union with each other. Each state holds administrative jurisdiction over a geographic territory. Due to the shared sovereignty between each state and the government, Americans are citizens of both the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons covered by certain types of court orders. States range in population from just under 600,000 to over 39 million, four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names. States are divided into counties or county-equivalents, which may be assigned some local authority but are not sovereign. County or county-equivalent structure varies widely by state, State governments are allocated power by the people through their individual constitutions. All are grounded in principles, and each provides for a government.
States possess a number of powers and rights under the United States Constitution, Constitution has been amended, and the interpretation and application of its provisions have changed. The general tendency has been toward centralization and incorporation, with the government playing a much larger role than it once did. There is a debate over states rights, which concerns the extent and nature of the states powers and sovereignty in relation to the federal government. States and their residents are represented in the federal Congress, a legislature consisting of the Senate. Each state is represented in the Senate by two senators, and is guaranteed at least one Representative in the House, members of the House are elected from single-member districts. Representatives are distributed among the states in proportion to the most recent constitutionally mandated decennial census, the Constitution grants to Congress the authority to admit new states into the Union. Since the establishment of the United States in 1776, the number of states has expanded from the original 13 to 50, alaska and Hawaii are the most recent states admitted, both in 1959.
The Constitution is silent on the question of states have the power to secede from the Union. Shortly after the Civil War, the U. S. Supreme Court, in Texas v. White, as a result, while the governments of the various states share many similar features, they often vary greatly with regard to form and substance
2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census, is the twenty-third and currently most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the day used for the census, was April 1,2010. As part of a drive to increase the accuracy,635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed, participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25,2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves personally inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, more than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15,2010, the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was approximately 134 million on April 1,2010. The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%, from April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called non-response follow-up.
In December 2010, the Census Bureau delivered population information to the president for apportionment, personally identifiable information will be available in 2082. The Census Bureau did not use a form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, the 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions, How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1,2010. Were there any additional people staying here on April 1,2010 that you did not include in Question 1, mark all that apply, Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number. What is Person 1s age and Person 1s date of birth, is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin. Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else, the form included space to repeat some or all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey.
The survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years. A small percentage of the population on a basis will receive the survey each year. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced that it would count same-sex married couples, the final form did not contain a separate same-sex married couple option
JetBlue Airways Corporation, stylized as jetBlue, is an American airline, and the 6th-largest airline in the United States. The company is headquartered in the Long Island City neighborhood of the New York City borough of Queens and it maintains a corporate office in Cottonwood Heights, Utah. As of April 2017, JetBlue serves 101 destinations in the U. S. Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America, JetBlue was incorporated in Delaware in August 1998. David Neeleman founded the company in February 1999, under the name NewAir, in Neelemans words, JetBlue looks to bring humanity back to air travel. In September 1999, the airline was awarded 75 initial take off/landing slots at John F. Kennedy International Airport and it started operations on February 11,2000, with service to Buffalo and Fort Lauderdale. JetBlues founders had set out to call the airline Taxi and therefore have a livery to associate the airline with New York. JetBlue was one of only a few U. S. airlines that made a profit during the downturn in airline travel following the September 11,2001 attacks.
The airline sector responded to JetBlues market presence by starting mini-rival carriers, Delta Air Lines started Song, Song has since been disbanded and was reabsorbed by Delta Air Lines and Ted reabsorbed by United. In October 2005, JetBlues quarterly profit had plunged from US$8.1 million to $2.7 million largely due to rising fuel costs, operational issues, fuel prices, and low fares, JetBlues hallmark, were bringing its financial performance down. In addition, with higher costs related to the airlines numerous amenities, the airline continued to plan for growth. Thirty-six new aircraft were scheduled for delivery in the year 2006, for many years, analysts had predicted that JetBlues growth rate would become unsustainable. Despite this, the continued to add planes and routes to the fleet at a brisk pace. The union organizing petition was dismissed by the National Mediation Board because fewer than 35 percent of eligible employees supported an election. JetBlue experienced its first ever quarterly loss during the quarter of 2005.
The loss was the airlines first since going public in 2002, JetBlue reported a loss in the first quarter of 2006. In addition to that, JetBlue forecasted a loss for 2006, citing high fuel prices, operating inefficiency, the plan called for $50 million in annual cost cuts and a push to boost revenue by $30 million. JetBlue Airways moved out of the red during the quarter of 2006. That result was flat compared to JetBlues results from the same quarter a year before
Salt Lake County, Utah
Salt Lake County is a county located in the U. S. state of Utah. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,029,655 and its county seat and largest city is Salt Lake City, the state capital. The county was created in 1850, Salt Lake County occupies the Salt Lake Valley, as well as parts of the surrounding mountains, the Oquirrh Mountains to the west and the Wasatch Range to the east. In addition, the section of the county includes part of the Great Salt Lake. The county is noted for its ski resorts, Salt Lake City won the bid to host the 2002 Winter Olympics, Salt Lake County is the central county of the Salt Lake City, UT Metropolitan Statistical Area. This area was occupied for thousands of years by cultures of indigenous peoples, the area that was to become Salt Lake County was settled by European Americans in 1847 when Mormon pioneers of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints fled religious persecution in the East. They arrived in the Salt Lake Valley of the Utah Territory after traveling what settlers called Emigration Canyon, brigham Young, their leader, declared This is the place after seeing the valley.
Compared to eastern regions, it seemed arid and unpromising to some of the migrants, settlers used extensive irrigation to develop agriculture and the flourishing, self-sufficient city, Great Salt Lake City. Thousands of Mormons joined them in the several decades. The county was organized on January 31,1850, with slightly more than 11,000 residents recorded. Mormon settlements were scattered across the valley and beyond and they relocated the territorial capital to Great Salt Lake City in 1857, when the name was subsequently shortened to Salt Lake City. They abandoned the valley and the set up Camp Floyd to the south in Utah County. Patrick Edward Connor, the leader of the garrison at Fort Douglas, was openly anti-Mormon and he sent out parties to scout for mineral resources in the nearby mountains, hoping to encourage non-Mormons to settle in the territory. During the late 19th century, mines were established in the Wasatch mountains, exploiting the mineral wealth was difficult until the Utah Central Railroad was constructed and reached this area in 1870.
In the Oquirrh Mountains, the Bingham Canyon Mine, which contains vast deposits of copper and silver, was developed as the most productive of the countys mines. The mine, located in the southwest portion of the county, attracted thousands of miners, at its peak, the city of Bingham Canyon contained 20,000 residents, all crowded along the steep walls of the canyon, and natural disasters were a frequent occurrence. By the early 20th century, most of the mines in the county had closed, the Bingham Canyon Mine kept on expanding. In the early 21st century, it is among the largest open-pit mines in the world, after the railroad came to the county, the population began to expand more rapidly and non-Mormons began to settle in Salt Lake City
Populus sect. Aigeiros
Populus section Aigeiros is a section of three species in the genus Populus, the poplars. Like some other species in the genus Populus, they are known as cottonwoods. The species are native to North America and western Asia, in the past, as many as six species were recognized, but recent trends have been to accept just three species, treating the others as subspecies of P. deltoides. An important feature of the leaves is the petiole, which is flattened sideways so that the leaves have a type of movement in the wind. Male and female flowers are in catkins, appearing before the leaves in spring. The seeds are borne on cottony structures that allow them to be blown long distances in the air before settling to ground, the cottonwoods are exceptionally tolerant of flooding and flood deposits filling around the trunk. Although each of the three species has a different leaf pattern, they all have the same general diamond leaf shape. Eastern cottonwood is one of the largest North American hardwood trees and it is a riparian zone tree.
It occurs throughout the eastern United States and in extreme southern Canada, the leaves are alternate and simple, with coarsely toothed edges, and subcordate at the base. The leaf shape is triangular, hence the species name. In the typical subspecies P. d. deltoides, the leaves are broad and triangular, further west, the subspecies P. d. monilifera has somewhat narrower leaves, 5–10 cm wide at the base. This is the tree of Nebraska, Wyoming. In West Texas, New Mexico, and Colorado, the subspecies P. d. wislizeni occurs, fremonts cottonwood is native to the southwestern United States and western Mexico. In the United States, the species can be found in California, arizona, New Mexico and Colorado. In Mexico, it can be found in the states of Baja California, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Nuevo León, Mexico State, and Puebla. It differs from the eastern cottonwood mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the edge, some taxonomists formerly considered P. fremontii to be a subspecies of P. deltoides.
Black poplar is native to Europe and Western Asia, is distinct in its smaller leaves, 5–11 centimetres across. Cottonwoods are widely grown for timber production along wet river banks, the wood is coarse and of fairly low value, used for pallet boxes, shipping crates, and similar purposes where a cheap but strong enough wood is suitable