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Count-kings (German: Grafenkönige) was a description given by the historian Bernd Schneidmüller to the rulers of the Holy Roman Empire between the Great Interregnum and the final acquisition of the royal throne by the Habsburg dynasty in 1438. They were as follows:

This categorisation is, however, not universally recognised by historians. In fact, during this period only Rudolph I, Adolphus of Nassau and Henry VII were imperial counts; all the other kings were dukes or (Bohemian) kings and prince-electors.

See also[edit]


  • Bernd Schneidmüller: Die Kaiser des Mittelalters, C. H. Beck, Munich, 2006, ISBN 3-406-53598-4.