In the United States, a county is an administrative or political subdivision of a state that consists of a geographic region with specific boundaries and some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U. S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs, respectively. Most counties have subdivisions which may include townships and unincorporated areas. Others may serve as a consolidated city-county; some municipalities are in multiple counties. The United States Census Bureau uses the term "county equivalent" to describe places that are comparable to counties, but called by different names. Louisiana parishes. Alaska's Unorganized Borough is divided into 10 census areas that are statistically equivalent to counties; as of 2018, there are 3,142 counties and county-equivalents in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. If the 100 county equivalents in the U. S. territories are counted the total is 3,242 counties and county-equivalents in the United States.
The number of counties per state ranges from the three counties of Delaware to the 254 counties of Texas. The specific governmental powers of counties vary between the states. Counties have significant functions in all states except Rhode Island and Connecticut, where county governments have been abolished but the entities remain for administrative or statistical purposes; the Commonwealth of Massachusetts has removed most government functions from eight of its 14 counties. The county with the largest population, Los Angeles County, the county with the largest land area, San Bernardino County, border each other in Southern California. Territories of the United States do not have counties; the U. S. Census Bureau counts American Samoa's atolls as county-equivalents. American Samoa locally has places called "counties", but these entities are considered to be "minor civil divisions" by the U. S. Census Bureau. Counties were among the earliest units of local government established in the Thirteen Colonies that would become the United States.
Virginia created the first counties. The House of Burgesses divided the colony first into four "incorporations" in 1617 and into eight shires in 1634: James City, Charles City, Charles River, Accomac, Elizabeth City, Warwick River. America's oldest intact county court records can be found at Eastville, Virginia, in Northampton County, dating to 1632. Maryland established its first county, St. Mary's, in 1637, Massachusetts followed in 1643. Pennsylvania and New York delegated significant power and responsibility from state government to county governments and thereby established a pattern for most of the United States, although counties remained weak in New England; when independence came, "the framers of the Constitution did not provide for local governments. Rather, they left the matter to the states. Subsequently, early state constitutions conceptualized county government as an arm of the state." In the twentieth century, the role of local governments strengthened and counties began providing more services, acquiring home rule and county commissions to pass local ordinances pertaining to their unincorporated areas.
In some states, these powers are or devolved to the counties' smaller divisions called townships, though in New York, New England and Wisconsin they are called "towns". The county may or may not be able to override its townships on certain matters, depending on the state constitution; the newest county in the United States is the city and county of Broomfield, established in 2001 as a consolidated city-county part of four counties. The newest county-equivalents are the Alaskan boroughs of Skagway established in 2007, Wrangell established in 2008, Petersburg established in 2013. A consolidated city-county is a city, a municipality, a county, an administrative division of a state, having the powers and responsibilities of both types of entities. There are 40 consolidated city-counties in the U. S. including Augusta, Georgia. Some of Alaska's boroughs have merged with their principal cities creating unified city-boroughs; some such consolidations and mergers have created cities that rank among the geographically largest cities in the world, though with population densities far below those of most urban areas.
The term county equivalents is used to describe divisions whose organization differs from that of most counties: Alaska census areas: Most of the land area of Alaska is not contained within any of Alaska's 19 organized boroughs. This vast area, larger than France and Germany combined, is referred to by the Alaska state government as the Unorganized Borough and outside of other incorporated borough limits, has no independent "county" government, although several incorporated city governmen
The 2014 Texas Southern Lady Tigers softball team represented Texas Southern University in the 2014 NCAA Division I softball season. Worley Barker entered the year as head coach of the Lady Tigers for a 9th consecutive season; the Lady Tigers were picked to first in the West Division of the pre-season conference polls. The Lady Tigers would do so and go on to win the SWAC's automatic berth in the 2014 NCAA Softball Championships. After going 0-2 in the Lafayette Regional, the Lady Tigers finished the season 31-20. All 5 games during the Texas Invitational aired on Longhorn Network; the SWAC Tournament semifinal game aired on ESPNU. The Lafayette Regionals aired on ESPN3. Television Broadcast Assignments: Louisiana-Monroe: Tyler Denning & Megan Willis Southern Miss: Tyler Denning & Megan Willis Southern Miss: Tyler Denning & Megan Willis Texas: Alex Loeb & Amanda Scarborough Texas: Alex Loeb & Amanda Scarborough Prairie View A&M: Melissa Lee & Kayla Braud Louisiana-Lafayette: Melissa Lee & Kayla Braud Mississippi State: Melissa Lee & Kayla Braud
Katherine "Kay" Tuckey known by her married name Kay Maude, was an English female tennis player, active from the second half of the 1940s until the early 1950s. Tuckey was born in Surrey, she attended St Catherine's School at Bramley. When the family moved to Bournemouth she went to the local Talbot Heath School, she joined West Hants Lawn Tennis Club, venue of the British Hard Court Championships, when she was 12. Tuckey won the Rhine Army Championships, held in Hamburg, Germany, in 1946. Between 1947 and 1951 she competed in five Wimbledon Championships, her best singles result was reaching the quarterfinal in 1951 where she was defeated by top-seeded Louise Brough in three sets after winning the first set. In doubles she reached the quarterfinals in 1950 and 1951 with compatriots Betty Harrison and Jean Quertier respectively. In 1950 she won the All England Plate, a competition held at the Wimbledon Championships for players who were defeated in the first or second rounds of the singles event.
In the final she defeated Betty Rosenquest in straight sets. At the 1951 U. S. Championships she was the third-seeded foreign player and reached the quarterfinal after a victory in the third round against sixth-seeded Beverly Baker, she lost the quarterfinal in three sets to second-seeded Shirley Fry. With Betty Hilton she won the doubles title at the British Hard Court Championships in May 1950 against Jean Quertier and Jean Walker-Smith; the level of play in the three-sets final, watched by Wightman Cup selectors, was described as poor. She played for the British team in the Wightman Cup, an annual team tennis competition for women contested between teams from the United States and Great Britain, from 1949 until 1951. According to John Olliff of The Daily Telegraph, Tuckey achieved a highest career raking of world No. 10 in 1951. In 1951 she met her future husband John Maule and they married that year in Bournemouth; the couple had four children. Her mother, Agnes Tuckey, brother, Raymond Tuckey, were tennis players