Lord High Chancellor of Sweden
The Lord High Chancellor Chancellor of the Realm, was a prominent and influential office in Sweden, from 1538 until 1799, excluding periods when the office was out of use. The office holder was a member of the Privy Council. From 1634, the Lord High Chancellor was one of five Great Officers of the Realm, who were the most prominent members of the Privy Council and headed a governmental branch each—the Lord High Chancellor headed the Privy Council. In 1792, more than a century after the office's abolishment in 1680, it was revived but was finally abolished seven years in 1799. During the Middle Ages, from the 13th century, the "chancellor of the king" was a close confidant of the king; the chancellor was in general a man of the church, one part of his duty was to aid the king during negotiations with foreign powers. In 1560, during Eric XIV's reign, Nils Gyllenstierna became the first to receive the title Rikskansler; the Lord High Chancellor was appointed by the King and was assigned to ensure that the orders of the King and the Riksdag of the Estates were followed.
Along the way, the assignments of the chancellor increased to the amount that a chancellery, the Privy Council, had to be established. In 1634, the five Great Officers of the Realm were introduced as the most powerful among the Privy Council members; the Chancellor was fourth in rank among these. Albeit fourth in rank, the Lord High Chancellor became the most important figure in the Privy Council; the Chancellor was responsible for maintaining relations with foreign powers and Axel Oxenstierna possessed massive influence during his tenure as Chancellor, when he more or less had the role of a head of government. In 1680, Charles XI abolished the office and inaugurated a new position instead – "President of the Chancellery". In 1792, during the minority reign of Gustav IV Adolph the office of Rikskansler was revived, but it was removed once again in 1799. King in Council Prime Minister of Sweden List of Prime Ministers of Sweden
Karlskrona is a locality and the seat of Karlskrona Municipality, Blekinge County, Sweden with 35,212 inhabitants in 2010. It is the capital of Blekinge County. Karlskrona is known as Sweden's only baroque city and is host to Sweden's only remaining naval base and the headquarters of the Swedish Coast Guard; the city of Karlskrona is spread over 30 islands in the eastern part of Blekinge archipelago, Trossö being the main one. Other populated mentionable islands are Saltö, Sturkö, Hästö, Långö and Aspö; the islet of Stumholmen was property of the Navy and today it houses the National Naval Museum. Outside the city lies the archipelago of Karlskrona, the most southern of the Swedish archipelagos. Several islands are connected to the city by ferries; the city was founded on 10 August 1680 when the Royal Swedish Navy was relocated from the Stockholm area to the Trossö island which had up until been used chiefly for farming and grazing. At the time Sweden was the dominant military power in the Baltic sea region, but needed a better strategic location against Denmark, since southern parts of Sweden had been conquered only a few decades before.
The Swedish fleet tended to get stuck in the ice during winter while located close to Stockholm and was therefore moved south. The island had a strategic position with short sailing distances to the German and Baltic provinces; the city name means Karl's Crown in honour of King Karl XI of Sweden, the name being inspired by the name of the city Landskrona. The city grew and by 1750 Karlskrona had about 10,000 inhabitants, it was one of the biggest cities in the country. Most of the baroque buildings from this era are still standing, why the city centre is architecturally uniform; the shipyard in Karlskrona was established at the same time as the city. It was a necessity because of the heavy losses the Swedish navy had suffered in 1659. In 1711, the shipyard was Sweden's largest industrial employer with 1,100 workers; the oldest dock, the Polhem dock, is still in use. It got its name from Christopher Polhem. There is a historical rope making factory, now open for guided tour; the city has kept its street structure since its foundation.
Since the streets all follow a grid pattern the winds can blow from the sea right into the heart of the city. Parts of the city have been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In October 1981 the Whiskey-class Soviet submarine S-363 ran aground in the archipelago near Sturkö just outside Karlskrona; the media characterized it as the "Whiskey on the Rocks" affair. The incident caused a temporary rise in tensions between the Soviet Union. While the submarine's grounding was inadvertent, the result of inebriation among the crew, the submarine certainly was engaged in an unspecified covert mission at the time; the most important day in Karlskrona is the day before midsummer's eve. On that day a big fair attracts tens of thousands to visit Karlskrona; the fair is called Lövmarknaden and is popular among the locals. The main square of Karlskrona is the biggest in Scandinavia; every year in late July/early August a popular festival called The Sail takes place in the harbor of Karlskrona. It is a place where families go to have something to eat and drink, watch the sailing boats lined up at the pier.
During the sail, the seascouts of Karlskrona will row a boat carrying torches along the docks while playing the national anthems for the visiting ships. The Sail has been replaced with a festival called Skärgårdsfest; the old architecture together with the naval installations comprise the major tourist attractions of Karlskrona. The city is one of the highlights of south-east Sweden. Karlskrona has preserved its buildings and its layout intact since its foundation; when the city was founded in 1680, it was thought of as a military city, with many defenses and fortifications exploiting the particular topography of the city. Some fortifications were located on the main island such as the Bastion Aurora, built at the beginning of the 18th century, but much of it was located on the nearby islands or more distant, such as the islands closing the bay, with in particular the important fortress of Kungsholmen and its circular port, but the civil part of the city was carefully planned. It has a rectangular grid plan, with however some diagonal streets, created because of the relief of the city center.
Nicodème Tessin l'Ancien was responsible for the design of the buildings, he gave the city a uniform baroque style. The central building of the city is the Fredrikskyrkan church, built in the 1690s, On the main square, the highest point of the island. Several other churches are located in the city, such as the Church of the Holy Trinity, built for the Germans of the city in 1709, ou encore Amiralitetskyrkan, consacrée en 1685 In front of the Amiralitetskyrkan church is the statue of Rosenbom, made famous by the children's book of Selma Lagerlöf, The Wonderful Adventures of Nils, in which the statue tells the story of the c. Near the church is the Admiralstorn Tower, dating from 1699 used to indicate the time for the shipyard workers but used since 1909 as the church tower Finally, the city has some more recent buildings, such as the model room, having hosted between 1780 and 1920 models of boats, Now transferred to the Marine Museum, or the town hall built after the
Dalarna County is a county or län in middle Sweden. It borders the counties of Jämtland, Gävleborg, Västmanland, Örebro and Värmland, it is bordered by the Norwegian counties of Hedmark and Trøndelag in the west. The term Dalarna County is used for administrative purposes, being further subdivided into municipalities. Dalarna County encompasses the historical province Dalarna, that deals with history and culture of the area. In older times, Dalarna was periodically part of the territory ruled by the governor of Västerås Castle; the 1634 Instrument of Government led to the creation of a county covering Dalarna with its own County Governor. The Kopparbergs län was created by royal decree in 1647. In 1997, the name of the county was changed to Dalarna County; the main aim of the County Administrative Board is to fulfil the goals set in national politics by the Riksdag and the Government, to coordinate the interests and promote the development of the county, to establish regional goals and safeguard the due process of law in the handling of each case.
The County Administrative Board is a Government Agency headed by a Governor. See List of Dalarna Governors; the County Council of Dalarna or Landstinget Dalarna handles health care and public transportation. After the Swedish general election in 2014, the Dalarna County council are represented by the following political parties: Main article: Municipalities of Dalarna County In Dalarna Province: Älvdalen Avesta Borlänge Falun Gagnef Hedemora Leksand Ludvika Malung-Sälen Mora Orsa Rättvik Säter Smedjebacken Vansbro The Dalarna County inherited its coat of arms from the province of Dalarna; when it is shown with a royal crown it represents the County Administrative Board. Duke of Dalarna, a title for members of the royal family University College of Dalarna Dalecarlian horse Ecomuseum Bergslagen Scandinavian Mountains Airport County Administrative Board of Dalarna County Council of Dalarna Regional Association of Dalarna
Axel Gustafsson Oxenstierna af Södermöre, Count of Södermöre, was a Swedish statesman. He became a member of the Swedish Privy Council in 1609 and served as Lord High Chancellor of Sweden from 1612 until his death, he was a confidant of first Gustavus Adolphus and Queen Christina. Oxenstierna is considered one of the most influential people in Swedish history, he played an important role during the Thirty Years' War and was appointed Governor-General of occupied Prussia. Oxenstierna was born on 16 June 1583, at Fånö in Uppland, the son of Gustaf Gabrielsson Oxenstierna and Barbro Axelsdotter Bielke, as the oldest of nine siblings, his parents belonged to the ancient and influential high noble families of Oxenstierna and Bielke, both of which had held high offices in the state and the church for generations. After the death of her husband Gustaf, Axel's mother Barbro decided to let Axel and his brothers Christer and Gustaf finish their studies abroad. Thus, the brothers received their education at the universities of Rostock and Jena.
On returning home in 1603 he took up an appointment as valet de chambre to King Charles IX of Sweden. One of Oxenstierna's more unusual intellectual qualifications was his knowledge of the Scots language, reflecting the importance of the Scottish expatriate community in Sweden at that time; as Chancellor, he would receive correspondence in Scots from his agent Sir James Spens, he ventured into the language himself for an official letter to his Scottish counterpart, the Earl of Loudoun. In 1606 he undertook his first diplomatic mission, to other German royal courts. While on diplomatic duty abroad, Oxenstierna gained appointment to the Privy Council. Henceforth, Oxenstierna became one of the king's most trusted servants. In 1609 he travelled to Reval, on King Charles's behalf, to receive tributes from the city of Reval and the Estonian knighthood. Together with other councillors, Oxenstierna tried to warn the king of Denmark and the intentions of Danish King Christian IV. In 1610, Oxenstierna travelled to Copenhagen with the aim of preventing war with the neighbours, but unsuccessfully.
The following year, Danish forces crossed the border. In the fall of 1611, King Charles died. Around New Year 1611–12, the parliament had to deal with the situation. According to the rules, the 17-year-old Gustavus Adolphus had not reached the proper age to be considered adult enough to rule as king. However, the estates agreed to disregard those rules. In return, the young king agreed to ensure the nobles further privileges and appoint Axel Oxenstierna Lord High Chancellor. On 6 January 1612 Oxenstierna became Lord High Chancellor of the Privy Council, his controlling, organizing hand soon became apparent in every branch of the administration. Sweden was at the time troubled by three wars against Poland-Lithuania and Russia. Oxenstierna's first big task as Chancellor was to achieve peace in some of the wars; the war against Denmark was considered the most dangerous of the three as the enemy-controlled parts of Sweden itself. Negotiations began in Oxenstierna was first Swedish plenipotentiary; the negotiations led to the Treaty of Knäred in 1613.
For his efforts regarding these negotiations, Oxenstierna received the title of district judge in the hundred of Snävringe and the barony of Kimito. During the frequent absences of Gustavus in Livonia and in Finland Oxenstierna acted as his viceroy. One assignment Oxenstierna received while the king was in Livonia, was the task to finalize the negotiations regarding the marriage of John Casimir and the king's sister, Princess Catharina. At the coronation of Gustavus Adolphus, in October 1617, Oxenstierna was knighted. In 1620 he headed the embassy dispatched to Berlin to arrange the nuptial contract between Gustavus and Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg. During the king's Russian and Polish wars he had the principal duty of supplying the armies and the fleets with everything necessary, including men and money. Oxenstierna's ways of carrying out his assignments gained King Gustavus's appreciation, since the king, in 1622, asked Oxenstierna to accompany him to Livonia and appointed him Governor-General and commandant of Riga, a strategically important town during the ongoing war against Poland.
His services in Livonia gained him the reward of the whole bishopric of Wenden. Entrusted with the peace negotiations which led to the truce with Poland in 1623, he succeeded in averting a threatened rupture with Denmark in 1624; the Polish-Swedish War was reinitiated in 1626, on 7 October that year, Oxenstierna became Governor-General in the newly acquired Swedish possession of Prussia. In 1629 he concluded the advantageous Truce of Altmark with Poland-Lithuania. Prior to this, in September 1628, he arranged a joint occupation of Stralsund with Denmark in order to prevent that important fortress from falling into the hands of the Imperialists. Oxenstierna was not only successful within the diplomacy. During these years, he was entrusted with various important assignments in which he succeeded, such as gathering money and troops for the attack in Prussia in 1626, he played the leading organizational and administrational role in Prussia, as he had done earlier in Livonia. He was in charge of, for example, tolls and the entire state grain trade.
During the latter part of the 1620s, Elbląg (Ger
Halmstad, is a port, university and recreational city at the mouth of the Nissan river, in the province of Halland on the Swedish west coast. Halmstad is the capital of Halland County; the city had a population of 92,797 in 2012, out of a municipal total of over 90,000. Halmstad is Sweden's 20th-largest city by population and located about midway between Gothenburg and Malmö, it is Europe's northernmost city with a lot of timber framing architecture. Halmstad, at the time part of the Kingdom of Denmark, received its first city charter in 1307, the city celebrated its 700th anniversary in 2007; the oldest remains of that first town are to be found at "Övraby" upstream on Nissan, just south of and quite close to the present day regiment buildings. The remains of the church can still be seen today between a defunct brick industry and a former landfill. In the 1320s the town moved to the present day town centre. At this time there were two monasteries in the town and during the 15th century the St. Nikolai church was built.
Halland was the object of numerous battles and occupations by Swedish troops. During the Kalmar Union – a Nordic Union between Sweden and Denmark which lasted between 1397 and 1523 – it was in Halmstad that the Union King was to be selected. At the end of the 16th century Christian IV of Denmark ordered the fortification of Halmstad and in the beginning of the 17th century to build a crescent-shaped fort with Nissan as part of the defences. 1619 is an important date in the history of Halmstad. In March of that year, King Gustav II Adolf of Sweden and Christian IV met at the castle. Over a period of a week they celebrated the payment in full of the Älvsborg ransom. August of the same year saw the destruction of Halmstad by fire. Halland became part of Sweden for a period of thirty years when peace was declared at the Treaty of Brömsebro in 1645 and Danish rule ended; the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658 made this acquisition permanent. Sweden defeated Denmark in the Battle of Fyllebro; the first May Day demonstration in Sweden was held in Halmstad in 1897.
The population grew from 48,800 in 1990 to 58,577 in 2010. In September 2007 the city hosted the Solheim Cup, played at the Halmstad Golfklubb. In 2011 Halmstad was the final port of the Tall Ships' Races. Halmstad has the south Scandinavian variety of the wet humid continental climate with warm summers and cold winters bordering on an oceanic climate. Founded in 1983, Halmstad University is a public higher education institution offering bachelor's and master's programs in various fields of study. In addition, it conducts Ph. D. programs in three fields of research: Information Technology, Innovation Science and Health Science. Halmstad University has more than 9 000 students, including 245 exchange students and 163 international programme students. Daniel Alexandersson - football player Niclas Alexandersson - football player Christopher Amott - musician Michael Amott - musician Fredrik Andersson Hed - professional golfer Sofia Arvidsson - professional tennis player Basshunter - singer, record producer, DJ Carl Bildt - former prime minister, former foreign minister Carl Johan Chilberg - ancestor of the Chilberg family, which includes art director John Edward Chilberg II Dusan Djuric - football player Björn Folkow - professor in physiology at the University of Gothenburg and a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Per Gessle - musician Aida Hadzialic - Minister for Upper Secondary School, Adult Education and Training Olle Hagnell, psychiatrist Halmstadgruppen - Painter group Klara Johanson - writer Bengt Johansson - handball coach Niklas Kvarforth - musician Ola Lindgren - handball player Freddie Ljungberg - football player Susanne Ljungskog - cyclist Magnus Mandersson - Executive Vice-President of Ericsson Sven Nordqvist - author Gustav Nyquist - ice hockey player Erik Olson - Painter Jörgen Persson - table-tennis player Charlotta Richardy, industrialist Johannes Rydberg - physicist Bengt I. Samuelsson - Nobel prize-winner Johan Staël von Holstein - entrepreneur Annakarin Svedberg - novelist Ernst Wigforss - politician, former Minister of Finance Mindy Grasserbauer - dancer Halmstad is host of the ongoing 2018 World Team Table Tennis Championships. Kattegattgymnasiet Brunnsåkersskolan Centrumskolan Frennarps Byskola Furulundsskolan Linehedsskolan Nyhemsskolan Slottsjordsskolan Sofiebergsskolan Stenstorpsskolan Östergårdsskolan Halmstad Municipality Kroenleins Brewery Mjellby Art Museum Chronicle of the Expulsion of the Grayfriars#Chapter 11 Concerning the Friary in Halmstad Halmstad travel guide from Wikivoyage Official homepage for the Municipality Official homepage for visitors and tourists
Anders Flanking is a Swedish politician. He was party secretary for the Centre Party, serving from 2006 until 2010 when he was succeeded by Michael Arthursson
Kronoberg County is a county or län in southern Sweden. It borders the counties of Skåne, Halland, Jönköping and Blekinge, its capital is the city of Växjö. For history and culture, see SmålandGeographically, Kronoberg County is situated in the southern part of the province of Småland, it received its present borders in 1687 when Jönköping County was separated from the former Jönköping and Kronoberg County. The seat of residence for the Governor or landshövding is Växjö; the Governor is the head of länsstyrelsen. The County Administrative Board is a Government Agency headed by a Governor; the current Governor is Kristina Alsér. The County Council of Kronoberg or Landstinget Kronoberg. Alvesta Lessebo Ljungby Markaryd Tingsryd Uppvidinge Växjö ÄlmhultNote that all the municipalities have names after their seats except Uppvidinge, where the seat is located in the small town Åseda; the five most populous localities of Kronoberg County in 2010: Kronoberg was formally granted its arms in 1944. However, use of the arms was an established practice.
It is a variation of the arms of Småland. Blazon: "Or, a lion rampant Gules langued and armed Azure holding in front paws a Crossbow of the second bowed and stringed Sable with a bolt Argent, standing on a tripple Mount Vert." Kronoberg County Administrative Board Kronoberg County Council Kronoberg Regional Association of Local Authorities The Natural Fishing Fishing in South Eastern Sweden -- tourism page