Värmland County is a county or län in west central Sweden. It borders the Swedish counties of Dalarna, Örebro and Västra Götaland, as well as the Norwegian counties of Østfold and Hedmark to the west. Prince Carl Philip is Duke of Värmland; the county has more or less the same boundaries as Värmland Province, except that the municipalities of Karlskoga and Degerfors are part of Örebro County. Värmland County was formed in 1779, when it was separated from Värmland County; the main aim of the County Administrative Board is to fulfil the goals set in national politics by the Riksdag and the Government, to coordinate the interests of the county, to promote the development of the county, to establish regional goals and safeguard the due process of law in the handling of each case. The County Administrative Board is a Government Agency headed by a Governor. See List of Värmland Governors; the County Council of Värmland is called Region Värmland. In Värmland Province: Arvika Eda Filipstad Forshaga Grums Hagfors Hammarö Karlstad Kil Kristinehamn Munkfors Storfors Sunne Säffle Torsby Årjäng Värmland being a landlocked county results in greater temperature differences than at the nearby west coast of Sweden and south coast of Norway.
As a result the southern areas of the county has a humid continental climate with strong oceanic influences. The latter climate type is prevalent in a small area at the shores of Lake Vänern due to recent warming. More northerly areas see a subarctic climate with mild winters for the climate type; the subarctic classification of areas such as Hagfors and Torsby is more due to the cool summer nights that renders September below 10 °C in mean temperatures. The county of Värmland inherited its coat of arms from the province of the same name; when it is shown with a royal crown it represents the County Administrative Board. Blazon: "Argent, an Eagle displayed Azure beaked and membered Gules." Duke of Värmland, a title for members of the royal family The title is presently held by Prince Carl Philip, Duke of Värmland Egenäs Värmland County Administrative Board Värmland County Council Värmland Regional Association Heraldry of Värmland
Östergötland County is a county or län in southeastern Sweden. It has land borders with the counties of Kalmar to the southeast, Jönköping to the southwest, Örebro to the northwest, Södermanland to the northeast, it has a sea border with Västra Götaland to the west, borders the Baltic Sea to the east. Östergötland County has a population of 456,550 and the capital and biggest city is Linköping. Linköping and neighbouring twin city Norrköping together form one of Sweden's metropolitan areas. Princess Estelle is Duchess of Östergötland. For History and Culture see: Östergötland Östergötland has the same boundaries as the current administrative entity, the Östergötland County; the main aim of the County Administrative Board is to fulfil the goals set in national politics by the Riksdag and the Government, to coordinate the interests of the county, to promote the development of the county, to establish regional goals and safeguard the due process of law in the handling of each case. The County Administrative Board is a Government Agency headed by a Governor.
See List of Östergötland Governors. The County Council of Östergötland or Landstinget i Östergötland. Boxholm Finspång Kinda Linköping Mjölby Motala Norrköping Söderköping Vadstena Valdemarsvik Ydre Åtvidaberg Ödeshög Östergötland County inherited its coat of arms from the province of Östergötland; when it is shown with a royal crown it represents the County Administrative Board. Dukes of Östergötland, a title for members of the royal family Östergötland County Administrative Board Östergötland County Council Tourism in Östergötland Regional Association of Östergötland
Blekinge County is a county or län in the south of Sweden. It borders the Counties of Skåne, Kronoberg and the Baltic Sea; the capital is Karlskrona. It is the smallest of the present administrative counties of Sweden, covering only 0,7% of the total area of the country. For History and Culture, see: BlekingeBlekinge, the historical province Blekinge, has the same boundaries as the current administrative entity, Blekinge County. Blekinge County was a part of Kalmar County between 1680 and 1683, due to the foundation of the naval base at Karlskrona; the main aim of the County Administrative Board is to fulfil the goals set in national politics by the Riksdag and the Government, to coordinate the interests and promote the development of the county, to establish regional goals and safeguard the due process of law in the handling of each case. The County Administrative Board is a Government Agency headed by a Governor. See List of Blekinge Governors; the County of Blekinge inherited its coat of arms from the province of Blekinge.
When it is shown with a royal crown it represents the County Administrative Board. Blekinge County Council, or Landstinget Blekinge, is a municipal entity, independent of, but coterminous with, the County Administrative Board, its main responsibilities lie in health care and public transportation issues for the county. After the Swedish general election in 2014, the Blekinge County council are represented by the following political parties: The current governor of Blekinge County is Moderate Party politician Sten Nordin, appointed on the 1st of October 2017. Population as of 2009-12-31 Blekinge county total 1.6 % of the nation. Karlshamn 30 919 Karlskrona 63 342 Olofström 13 102 Ronneby 28 416 Sölvesborg 16 813 The five most populous localities of Blekinge County in 2010: Blekinge County Administrative Board Blekinge County Council Regional Association of Blekinge
Stockholm County Council
The Stockholm County Council, or Stockholms läns landsting, is a County Council, a regional municipal body corresponding to the territory of Stockholm County in Sweden. Its main responsibilities are for the public transport; the Landsting Assembly election results 2014: Karolinska University Hospital Storstockholms Lokaltrafik Stockholm Metro Roslagsbanan Politics of Sweden Elections in Sweden Stockholm City Council Stockholm County Administrative Board List of Stockholm Governors Stockholm County Council - Official site
Jönköping County is a county or län in southern Sweden. It borders the counties of Halland, Västra Götaland, Östergötland and Kronoberg; the total county population was 356,291 inhabitants in September 2017. The capital and largest city is Jönköping. About one quarter of the total county population lives in the combined Jönköping-Huskvarna urban area around the southern point of Lake Vättern. Despite being used to indicate the geographical and historical region, the larger historical province of Småland, which most of Jönköping County is part of, has no administrative or political significance today. Jönköping County has existed as an administrative division since the 17th century, constitutes the north-western part of Småland, the other parts being Kronoberg County in the south-west and Kalmar County in the east. Jönköping County was periodically united with neighbouring Kronoberg County in the single Jönköping and Kronoberg County until 1687; until the 18th century the administration was housed in the renaissance fortress at Jönköping Castle, demolished in the 19th century.
Habo Municipality and Mullsjö Municipality, from the south-eastern part of the historical province of Västergötland, are since the dissolution of Skaraborg County in 1998 part of Jönköping County. The main aim of the County Administrative Board is to fulfill the goals set in national politics by the Riksdag and the Government, to coordinate the interests and promote the development of the county, to establish regional goals and safeguard the due process of law in the handling of each case; the County Administrative Board is a Government Agency headed by a Governor. The seat of residence for the Governor or Landshövding is the city of Jönköping. See the list of Jönköping Governors; the main responsibilities of the County Council of Jönköping, or Landstinget i Jönköpings län, are the regional public healthcare system and public transport. The County Council Assembly, the elected body for regional municipal issues, is elected every four years concurrently with the Riksdag elections; the county's best-known parliamentary representative was the late Olof Palme, leader of the Swedish Social Democratic Party from 1969 to 1986, twice Prime Minister of Sweden from 1969 to 1976 and from 1982 to 1986.
Jönköping County is the strongest electoral region of the Christian Democrats, who traditionally have a large following among members of evangelical churches in the region. The County Council Assembly and most of the municipalities in the county are governed by liberal-conservative, center-right coalitions; the Social Democrats have been strong in mill towns and industrial districts of Jönköping County. The present acting Governor of Jönköping County is Anneli Wirtén; the ten most populous localities of Jönköping County in 2010: Jönköping County was formally granted its arms in 1942. By custom it used a combination of the lesser state arms of Sweden and the arms for the town of Jönköping. Blazon for the town of Jönköping: "Gules, a Castle with three towers Argent massoned windowed and gated Sable issuant from a Base wavy Azure". County Administrative Board of Jönköping County Council of Jönköping Regional Development Council of Jönköping County
Gotland is a province, county and diocese of Sweden. It is Sweden's largest island; the province includes the islands of Fårö and Gotska Sandön to the north, as well as the Karlsö Islands to the west. The population is 58,595, of which about 23,600 live in the main town; the island of Gotland and the other areas of the province of Gotland make up less than one percent of Sweden's total land area. The island's main sources of income are agriculture along with food processing, information technology services and some heavy industry such as concrete production from locally mined limestone. From a military viewpoint, it occupies a strategic location in the Baltic sea; as of 2018 the Gotland Regiment has been re-raised and is the first time since World War II that a new regiment has been established in Sweden. The island is the home of the Gutes, sites such as the Ajvide Settlement show that it has been occupied since prehistory. A DNA study conducted on the 5,000-year-old skeletal remains of three Middle Neolithic seal hunters from Gotland showed that they were related to modern-day Finns, while a farmer from Gökhem parish in Västergötland on the mainland was found to be more related to modern-day Mediterraneans.
This is consistent with the spread of agricultural peoples from the Middle East at about that time. Gutasaga contains legends of how the island was populated by his descendants, it tells that a third of the population had to emigrate and settle in southern Europe, a tradition associated with the migration of the Goths, whose name has the same origin as Gutes, the native name of the people of the island. It tells that the Gutes voluntarily submitted to the king of Sweden and asserts that the submission was based on mutual agreement, notes the duties and obligations of the Swedish King and Bishop in relationship to Gotland. According to some historians, it is therefore an effort not only to write down the history of Gotland, but to assert Gotland's independence from Sweden, it gives Awair Strabain as the name of the man who arranged the mutually beneficial agreement with the king of Sweden. The number of Arab dirhams discovered on the island of Gotland alone is astoundingly high. In the various hoards located around the island, there are more of these silver coins than at any other site in Western Eurasia.
The total sum is as great as the number, unearthed in the entire Muslim world. These coins moved north through trade between Rus merchants and the Abbasid Caliphate, along the Silver-Fur Road, the money made by Scandinavian merchants would help northern Europe Viking Scandinavia and the Carolingian Empire, as major commercial centers for the next several centuries; the Berezan' Runestone, discovered in 1905 in Ukraine, was made by a Varangian trader named Grani in memory of his business partner Karl. It is assumed; the Mästermyr chest, an important artefact from the Viking Age, was found in Gotland. On 16 July 1999, the world's largest Viking silver treasure, the Spillings Hoard, was found in a field at Spillings farm northwest of Slite; the silver treasure was divided into two parts weighing a total of 67 kg and consisted of coins, about 14,000, from foreign countries Islamic. It contained about 20 kg of bronze objects along with numerous everyday objects such as nails, glass beads, parts of tools, iron bands and clasps.
The treasure was found by using a metal detector, the finders fee, given to the farmer who owned the land, was over 2 million crowns. The treasure was found by accident while filming a news report for TV4 about illegal treasure hunting on Gotland. Early on, Gotland became a commercial center, with the town of Visby the most important Hanseatic city in the Baltic Sea. In late medieval times, the island had twenty district courts, each represented by its elected judge at the island-ting, called landsting. New laws were decided at the landsting, which took other decisions regarding the island as a whole; the city of Visby and rest of the island were governed separately, a civil war caused by conflicts between the German merchants in Visby and the peasants they traded with in the countryside had to be put down by King Magnus III of Sweden in 1288. In 1361, Valdemar Atterdag of Denmark invaded the island. About 1,500 Gotlandic farmers were killed by the Danish invaders after massing for battle at Mästerby.
The Victual Brothers occupied the island in 1394 to set up a stronghold as a headquarters of their own in Visby. At last, Gotland became a fief of the Teutonic Knights, awarded to them on the condition that they expel the piratical Victual Brothers from their fortified sanctuary. An invading army of Teutonic Knights conquered the island in 1398, destroying Visby and driving the Victual Brothers from Gotland. In 1409, Grand Master Ulrich von Jungingen of the Teutonic Knights guaranteed peace with the Kalmar Union of Scandinavia by selling the island of Gotland to Queen Margaret of Denmark and Sweden; the authority of the landsting was successively eroded after the island was occupied by the Teutonic Orde
Provinces of Sweden
The provinces of Sweden are historical and cultural regions. Sweden has 25 provinces and they have no administrative function, but remain historical legacies and the means of cultural identification. Dialects and folklore rather follows the provincial borders than the borders of the counties. Several of them were subdivisions of Sweden until 1634, when they were replaced by the counties of Sweden; some were conquered on from Denmark–Norway. Others, like the provinces of Finland, were lost. Lapland is the only province acquired through colonization. In some cases, the administrative counties correspond exactly to the provinces, as is Blekinge to Blekinge County and Gotland, a province, county and a municipality. While not corresponding with the province, Härjedalen Municipality is beside Gotland the only municipality named after a province. In other cases, they do not, which enhances the cultural importance of the provinces. In addition, the administrative units are subject to continuous changes–several new counties were for instance created in the 1990s–while the provinces have had their historical borders outlined for centuries.
Since 1884 all the provinces are ceremonial duchies, but as such have no administrative or political functions. The provinces of Sweden are still used in colloquial speech and cultural references, can therefore not be regarded as an archaic concept; the main exception is Lapland where the population see themselves as a part of Västerbotten or Norrbotten, based on the counties. Two other exceptions are Stockholm and Gothenburg, where the population see themselves as living in the city, not in a province, since both cities have province borders through them. English and other languages use Latin names as alternatives to the Swedish names; the name Scania for Skåne predominates in English. Some purely English exonyms, such as the Dales for Dalarna, East Gothland for Östergötland, Swedish Lapland for Lappland and West Bothnia for Västerbotten are common in English literature. Swedes writing in English have long used Swedish-language name forms only; the origins of the provincial divisions lay in the petty kingdoms that became more and more subjected to the rule of the Kings of Sweden during the consolidation of Sweden.
Until the country law of Magnus Ericson in 1350, each of these lands still had its own laws with its own assembly, in effect governed themselves. The historical provinces were considered duchies, but newly conquered provinces added to the kingdom either received the status of a duchy or a county, depending on their individual importance. After the separation from the Kalmar Union in 1523 the Kingdom incorporated only some of its new conquests as provinces; the most permanent acquisitions stemmed from the Treaty of Roskilde in 1658, in which the former Danish Scanian lands – the provinces of Skåne, Blekinge and Gotland – along with the Norwegian Bohuslän, Jämtland and Härjedalen, became Swedish and integrated. Other foreign territories were ruled as Swedish Dominions under the Swedish monarch, in some cases for two or three centuries. Norway, in personal union with Sweden from 1814 to 1905, never became an integral part of Sweden; the division of Västerbotten that took place with the cession of Finland caused Norrbotten to emerge as a county, to be recognized as a province in its own right.
It was granted a coat of arms as late as in 1995. Some scholars suggest. Sweden was seen as containing four "lands": Götaland Svealand Österland Norrland In the Viking age and earlier, Götaland and Svealand consisted of a number of petty kingdoms that were more or less independent; the leading tribe of Götaland in the Iron Age was the Geats. "Norrland" was the overall denomination for all of the unexplored northern parts, the outward boundaries of which and control by the Swedish king were weakly defined into the early modern age. Österland in southern and central Finland formed an integral part of Sweden. In 1809 Finland was annexed by Russia, reunited with some frontier counties annexed several decades earlier to form the Grand Duchy of Finland, becoming in 1917 the independent country of Finland; the borders of these regions have changed several times throughout history, adapting to changes in national borders, Norrland, Svealand and Götaland are only parts of Sweden and have never superseded the concept of the provinces.
At the funeral of King Gustav Vasa in 1560 some early versions of coats of arms for 23 of the provinces listed below were displayed together for the first time, most of them having been created for that particular occasion. Erik XIV of Sweden modeled the funeral processions for Gustav Vasa on the continental renaissance funerals of influential German dukes, who in turn may have styled their display of power on Charles V's funeral procession, where flags were used to represent each entry in the long list of titles of the dead. Having only three flags as a representation of the entities Svealand, Götaland and Wends mentioned in Vasa's title, "King of Sweden, the Goths and the Wends", would have been diminutive in comparison with the pompous displays of ducal power on the continent, so flags were promptly created to represent each of the provinces. At the funer