Newton is a small village in the civil parish of Newton and Biggin in the Rugby borough of Warwickshire, England. The civil parish population taken at the 2011 census was 572. Newton is located around four miles north east of Rugby, is close to the A5 road which marks the border with Leicestershire. Just north of the village are the remains of the Roman town of Tripontium; the village is at the northern end of the "Great Central Way" the footpath along the trackbed of the old Great Central Railway, near which a lioness sighting took place in 2008. The main industry in the area is gravel extraction, which continues near the A5. Most of the houses in the village are of modern construction and were built to house workers for this industry; the Stag and Pheasant pub in Main St whilst not being the oldest pub in Warwickshire is the oldest building used as a pub in the County. Although the thatched building has a brick facing added in the 17th Century, its core is a massive oak cruck frame of indeterminate age Saxon.
The Townlands Allotments are of some antiquity being established in 1752 at the time of the enclosures. They are at the end of Little London Lane - one of a number of localities carrying this name in England; the origins of the name are not believed to be directly linked with "London" but rather a corruption of the Old English "utlenden". Utlenden were Welsh drovers who set up camps on waste land en route to markets in London. Edward Cave, the 18th century publisher was born in the village. Allen, Warwickshire Towns & Villages, ISBN 1-85058-642-X Media related to Newton at Wikimedia Commons Newton Parish Council
Ansty is a village and civil parish in Warwickshire, about 5 miles northeast of Coventry city centre and 8 miles south of Hinckley. Ansty was part of the County of the City of Coventry until that county was dissolved in 1842. Ansty is on the B4065, which used to be the main road between Hinckley; the junction between the M6 and M69 motorways and A46 road is 1 mile southwest of the village. The Northern part of the Oxford Canal, once a major coal-carrying system and now a popular leisure resource, passes through the village. Ansty has been cited as "the most boater-hostile village on the canals" because of the huge number of "no mooring" signs and the fact that the local Pub refused to contribute to bridge repairs, so that boaters now have a long walk it patronise it. Ansty Club proffers a "warm welcome" but it is hard to find a mooring anywhere near; the Domesday Book of 1086 mentions Ansty as part of the hundred of Brinklow. The main landowner was Lady Godiva, its toponym comes from Old English Ānstīg meaning "one-path", i.e. "lonely or narrow path" or "path linking other paths".
The Church of England parish church of Saint James has a 13th-century chancel. The arcade between the nave and north aisle is 14th century. Sir George Gilbert Scott rebuilt the rest of the church in 1856. Ansty Hall, just outside the village, was built in 1678 for Richard Taylor, on the Parliamentarian side in the English Civil War; the house is built of brick with stone quoins and pediment. It is now the Ansty Hall Hotel. A cottage industry of weaving developed in the parish from early in the 18th century; this grew into a substantial ribbon-making trade early in the 19th century, but declined in the 1830s. James Brindley completed the section of the Oxford Canal through Ansty in 1771. In November 1963 a 30 feet high embankment on the towpath side gave way, spilling 10,000 tons of sand and clay onto adjoining land. In the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s, Armstrong Siddeley Motors had its development plant for gas turbines and aircraft rocket motors as well as the Gamma rocket motors used in the Black Knight and Black Arrow launchers.
The plant is now the Ansty engineering works of Rolls-Royce. In 2013, Rolls-Royce announced the closure of the military part of the plant; the civil part of the plant remains unaffected. In 2012, Ansty erected its first War Memorial, a black obelisk, after the hard work of local villagers headed by Chief Petty Officer Dean Bateman. Ansty has the Rose and Castle Inn, beside the canal. There is an Ansty Social Club and an Ansty Golf Club. Allen, Geoff. Warwickshire Towns & Villages. ISBN 1-85058-642-X. Compton, Hugh J; the Oxford Canal. Newton Abbot: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-7238-6. Pevsner, Nikolaus; the Buildings of England: Warwickshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. P. 67. Stephens, W. B.. Victoria County History: A History of the County of Warwick, Volume 8: The City of Coventry and Borough of Warwick. Pp. 98–103. "Scorpion and Screamer". Flight: 76. 13 July 1956. Ansty in the Domesday Book
Foleshill is a suburb in the north of Coventry in the West Midlands of England. Longford, Courthouse Green and Rowley Green are to its north and Keresley is to its west; the population of the Ward at the 2011 census was 19,943. Development of industries within the area such as the Ordnance Works, J&J Cash Ltd, various brick works. In July 1905, Courtaulds Ltd opened its factory in Foleshill and grew to become a world leader in the production of artificial fibres, requiring a considerable expansion of the facility over the following years; the now-demolished Courtaulds chimney was reputed to be the tallest in England when it was erected in 1924. It stood 365 feet tall, was built on 15 feet - deep foundations, had a base diameter of 26 feet tapering to 16 feet at the top, consisted of 917,000 bricks weighing a total of 4,000 tons. Tower Court one of the Courtaulds buildings, is now used as offices. Jaguar Cars had a factory in the area in the 1940s. Riley Cars were based in Foleshill from 1916 to 1948, when production was moved to the MG factory in Abingdon, Oxfordshire.
Challenge, an early cycle and car manufacturer, moved into new premises which included an impressive red-brick office building, which can still be seen on Foleshill Road. The original Coventry and Warwickshire Hospital was built in the mid-1860s in the gothic style and accommodating just 60 beds, which at the time was sufficient for Coventry's requirements; the hospital was extended to cope with the increasing needs of the developing city, what remained of the original building was destroyed by Luftwaffe bombing during World War II. The most troubled section of Foleshill is arguably the Pridmore council estate, which has a history of crime including widespread arson and vandalism. In October 2000, plans were unveiled to demolish more than 130 homes in the area. However, when plans for new houses on the site were unveiled in July 2002, it was announced that just 65 new properties would be built there, along with a community centre, shops and a public park. By May 2005, the rehousing was complete, a new housing development has since been completed in the place of the old properties.
The area gained notoriety across the region when on the evening of 29 January 1999 a 22-year-old man, Richard Waring, was fatally shot during a brawl outside the Crow and the Oak public house. In February 2000, local drug dealer Andrew Henson was cleared of murder but found guilty of manslaughter in connection with the shooting and received an eight-year prison sentence. Two other men were cleared. Filmmaker Michael Moore was proclaimed "Lord Moore of Foleshill" for $8,000 paid with an American Express card as part of a bit in episode 4 of TV Nation. In the post-WW2 period the area acquired a large ethnic minority population, it is now the only one of the 18 wards in Coventry where non-whites form a majority of the population. Tom Mann, father of the trade union movement and co-founder of the Labour Party UK. David Dilks and professor emeritus of international relations at University of Leeds. George Elliot, English novelist, journalist and one of the leading writers of the Victorian era Albert Smith and David Fry,: The Coventry We Have Lost Vol.1.
Simanda Press, Berkswell. ISBN 0-9513867-1-9 British History Online: History of Foleshill The life of Riley
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and merged into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery; the Middle Ages is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history: classical antiquity, the medieval period, the modern period. The medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early and Late Middle Ages. Population decline, counterurbanisation, collapse of centralized authority and mass migrations of tribes, which had begun in Late Antiquity, continued in the Early Middle Ages; the large-scale movements of the Migration Period, including various Germanic peoples, formed new kingdoms in what remained of the Western Roman Empire. In the 7th century, North Africa and the Middle East—once part of the Byzantine Empire—came under the rule of the Umayyad Caliphate, an Islamic empire, after conquest by Muhammad's successors. Although there were substantial changes in society and political structures, the break with classical antiquity was not complete.
The still-sizeable Byzantine Empire, Rome's direct continuation, survived in the Eastern Mediterranean and remained a major power. The empire's law code, the Corpus Juris Civilis or "Code of Justinian", was rediscovered in Northern Italy in 1070 and became admired in the Middle Ages. In the West, most kingdoms incorporated the few extant Roman institutions. Monasteries were founded; the Franks, under the Carolingian dynasty established the Carolingian Empire during the 8th and early 9th century. It covered much of Western Europe but succumbed to the pressures of internal civil wars combined with external invasions: Vikings from the north, Magyars from the east, Saracens from the south. During the High Middle Ages, which began after 1000, the population of Europe increased as technological and agricultural innovations allowed trade to flourish and the Medieval Warm Period climate change allowed crop yields to increase. Manorialism, the organisation of peasants into villages that owed rent and labour services to the nobles, feudalism, the political structure whereby knights and lower-status nobles owed military service to their overlords in return for the right to rent from lands and manors, were two of the ways society was organised in the High Middle Ages.
The Crusades, first preached in 1095, were military attempts by Western European Christians to regain control of the Holy Land from Muslims. Kings became the heads of centralised nation-states, reducing crime and violence but making the ideal of a unified Christendom more distant. Intellectual life was marked by scholasticism, a philosophy that emphasised joining faith to reason, by the founding of universities; the theology of Thomas Aquinas, the paintings of Giotto, the poetry of Dante and Chaucer, the travels of Marco Polo, the Gothic architecture of cathedrals such as Chartres are among the outstanding achievements toward the end of this period and into the Late Middle Ages. The Late Middle Ages was marked by difficulties and calamities including famine and war, which diminished the population of Europe. Controversy and the Western Schism within the Catholic Church paralleled the interstate conflict, civil strife, peasant revolts that occurred in the kingdoms. Cultural and technological developments transformed European society, concluding the Late Middle Ages and beginning the early modern period.
The Middle Ages is one of the three major periods in the most enduring scheme for analysing European history: classical civilisation, or Antiquity. The "Middle Ages" first appears in Latin in 1469 as media tempestas or "middle season". In early usage, there were many variants, including medium aevum, or "middle age", first recorded in 1604, media saecula, or "middle ages", first recorded in 1625; the alternative term "medieval" derives from medium aevum. Medieval writers divided history into periods such as the "Six Ages" or the "Four Empires", considered their time to be the last before the end of the world; when referring to their own times, they spoke of them as being "modern". In the 1330s, the humanist and poet Petrarch referred to pre-Christian times as antiqua and to the Christian period as nova. Leonardo Bruni was the first historian to use tripartite periodisation in his History of the Florentine People, with a middle period "between the fall of the Roman Empire and the revival of city life sometime in late eleventh and twelfth centuries".
Tripartite periodisation became standard after the 17th-century German historian Christoph Cellarius divided history into three periods: ancient and modern. The most given starting point for the Middle Ages is around 500, with the date of 476 first used by Bruni. Starting dates are sometimes used in the outer parts of Europe. For Europe as a whole, 1500 is considered to be the end of the Middle Ages, but there is no universally agreed upon end date. Depending on the context, events such as the conquest of Constantinople by the Turks in 1453, Christopher Columbus's first voyage to the Americas in 1492, or the Protestant Reformation in 1517 are sometimes used. English historians use the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485 to mark the end of the period. For Spain, dates used are the death of King Ferdinand II in 1516, the death of Queen Isabella I of Castile in 1504, or the conquest of Granada in 1492. Historians from Romance-speaking countries tend to divide the Middle Ages into two parts: an earlier "High" and late
Walsgrave-on-Sowe is a village located about 3 miles north-east of Coventry, West Midlands in England. Although it now sees little flooding, it was built on marsh lands. However, due to urban growth, it is now an outer suburb of Coventry, near to Shilton. Walsgrave-on-Sowe neighbours the Potters Green, Henley Green, Coombe Fields and Mount Pleasant areas of Coventry and is in the Henley ward of the city, although Walsgrave-on-Sowe was in the Wyken Ward prior to ward changes made in 2003 by the Local Government Boundary Commission for England. Walsgrave has reputedly been in existence for 1,000 years; the first mention of a chapel in Walsgrave-on-Sowe was in 1221. It is that the chapel would have been built after 1086, as there is no reference in the Domesday Book of a priest serving the area. St Mary's Church stands on the site of the former chapel; the original graveyard for the church was covered over and now forms the slope in front of the church, facing onto the main road. Walsgrave grew into a sizeable village commercially based around coal mining.
Plans for incorporating Walsgrave within the boundaries of Coventry were proposed in the late 1920s, Walsgrave lost its individual identity owing to new road development, the replacement of much of its older buildings and houses with new housing schemes, the eventual closure of the pit. However, an old weaver's cottage lay directly opposite St. Mary's Church. Additional older buildings that still stand can be found on the Hinckley road just east of the war memorial, along Hall Lane and School House Lane and along Woodway Lane close to the former Craven Arms public house. Walsgrave lies south of the M6 and M69 interchange and has a growing commercial area including a Barclays bank call centre, Lloyds Pharmacy Head Office and several other companies important to Coventry. Opposite Paradise Way is Cross Point Business Park. Here there is a Premier Inn, Brewers Fayre restaurant named Cross Point, Holiday Inn, a large Tesco store, a Frankie & Benny's restaurant, a Nando's, Showcase Cinema and several more business offices and warehouses.
Coventry's PFI hospital, University Hospital Coventry, replaced the buildings of the former Walsgrave Hospital. This hospital has a helipad, receives a large number of patients from all over the Midlands. Primary Schools within the area are Sir Frank Whittle, Walsgrave CoE Primary School and SS Peter and Paul RC Primary. Nearby schools include Potters Green Primary, there are two secondary schools which are Cardinal Wiseman Catholic School and Language College and Grace Academy known as Woodway Park School and Community College; the area is served by National Express Coventry bus routes 1, 8, 8A & 20A and Travel DeCourcey bus routes 74, 703, 778 & X6. The 8 & 74 serve Walsgrave Triangle. Walsgrave is the location for junction 2 of the M6 Motorway; the area is by-passed by the A46. Albert Smith and David Fry:; the Coventry We Have Lost. Vol 1. Simanda Press, Berkswell. ISBN 0-9513867-1-9 Article about Walsgrave-on-Sowe on British History Online
Wyken, a suburb of Coventry, West Midlands, England, is situated between the areas of Stoke and Walsgrave, three miles northeast of Coventry city centre. The population of this Coventry Ward taken at the 2011 census was 16,818, it is a large ward spreading as far as the Binley area. The majority of the houses in Wyken are terraced houses; the original parish ran close to the River Sowe and was flat except for Wyken Heath and Wyken Knob near Stoke Heath. The oldest building within Wyken is Saint Mary Magdalene's Church, located within Wyken Croft, which dates to the early 11th century; the village developed opposite the church and remained a small settlement until the 18th century at which point it began to expand. This original layout has since evolved as Wyken was incorporated into Coventry in 1932 resulting in boundary changes. Wyken became much larger than the original village and in the latest boundary change of 1993, Wyken received Coombe Fields from the parish of Rugby. Since 1974, Wyken is a part of the Coventry North East Constituency.
The Wyken Ward elects three councillors to all three of whom are Labour. The churchyard of St Mary Magdalene's church has been known to generations of residents as the site of a pirate grave dating to some time in the 19th century; the legend had it. This legend evolved to running around the church itself three times followed by throwing a stone through the windows of the church, which led to the removal of the headstone by the vicar of the parish in the 1960s, it is said to be the birthplace of St George in Caludon Castle, of which only one wall remains. St. Mary Magdalene's church is the oldest church in Coventry. Both are part of a group of Anglican parishes: the group includes two other churches, The Church of the Holy Cross in Wyken and St. Michael's in Stoke; the secondary schools for the area are Lyng Hall School. Professional footballer Luke McCormick grew up in the district attending St John Fisher Catholic Primary School. Professional footballer Ian Evatt grew up in the area attending Caludon Castle.
Actor Ron Cook grew up in the area attending Caludon Castle. MotoGP rider Cal Crutchlow grew up in Wyken. Professional darts player Mark McGeeney born in Wyken. Retired professional basketball player and owner of the Coventry Crusaders Robert "Dip" Donaldson lived in Wyken. British History Online: History of Wyken and Caludon Church Website
Binley is a suburb in the east of Coventry, England. Binley evolved from a small mining village on the outskirts of Coventry to a large residential area composing private residences and council-owned properties. Binley colliery started producing coal in 1911 and was most productive during the 1950s, the entrance was on Willenhall Lane, it closed in 1963 and Herald Way industrial estate now occupies the site. Former pit worker cottages still remain along St James Lane. Binley is flanked by Willenhall to one side, Stoke Aldermoor to another side, Binley Woods on a third side, which joins Binley since the construction of the Eastern Bypass, a B&Q store and a T. G. I. Friday's restaurant between the two areas; the final side is Copsewood, leading to Wyken in one direction, Stoke the other. In the 1960s, a new housing estate called. Many of the new closes were named after miners. Binley grew further in the 1990s with a large housing estate being constructed to the east of the old schools and extending to Brinklow Road.
The flight path of the Coventry Airport in the nearby village Baginton runs just to the east of Binley. The buildings of the old Binley school became "Lino's Restaurant", demolished in 2007 to make way for new housing; the three other Binley schools disappeared in the early 1980s to make way for a large industrial and office complex. The construction of St Bartholomews Church was funded by Lord Craven, it was consecrated in 1772, with its 200th anniversary being celebrated in 1972. It has a grey slate roof, its walls consist of light-coloured stone which appear grey after being coloured with a cement wash; the local social club has been serving Binley locals since 1929. The club holds thousands of members, they have a local pool team / darts team / golf team / snooker team and two large venue rooms for hire. Members are required to renew their membership and hold urgent meetings to discuss club matters