Special police describes a police force or unit within a police force whose duties and responsibilities are different from other forces in the same country or from other police in the same force, although there is no consistent international definition. A special constable, in most cases, is not a member of a special police force. "Special police" is not a term used in Canada. The closest term used is Special Constables, which exist in several forms with various degrees of Peace Officer powers according to their duties and employers. In general, Special Constables may employ other equipment for protection. In the People's Republic of China, the Special Police Units are the local equivalent of the U. S. SWAT teams, they are tasked with duties that normal patrol officers are not sufficiently equipped to handle, such as riot control and hostage situations. In addition, the Beijing Special Weapons and Tactics Unit and Snow Leopard Commando Unit fulfill different duties. In Croatia, Special Police serve as special operations forces trained for anti-terrorism operations.
Unlike many western SWAT teams, Croatian Special Police officers are full-time, professional operators with no secondary duties. A total of four Special Police units exist in cities of Osijek, Rijeka and Zagreb covering their respective regions. A fifth and most elite unit, ATJ Lučko is stationed in Zagreb and has jurisdiction over the entire country; the Special Police were a branch of the Regular Police who were used for restoring peace and stability if it had been disturbed, counter-terrorism, countering violent groups, repressing riots. The Special Police provided security and public peace and prevented organized crime and other violent groups. Eidiki Katastaltiki Antitromokratiki Monada or EKAM, was created in 1978 and became part of the Hellenic Police. ΕΚΑΜ operators take orders only from the General of the Hellenic Police. The unit and its operators protect the Greek citizens from acts of terrorism, including but not limited to bombings and hijackings. Indonesian National Police Indonesian National Police Special Units: Mobile Brigade Corps known as "BRIMOB" is the Special Operations Force, Police Commandos, Special Response team and riot control of the National Police Force of Indonesia.
GEGANA is an internal special unit of "BRIMOB" which conducts on bomb disposal and counter-terrorist operations. It specializes in the field of handling of Chemical and Radio Active threats. DENSUS 88 / Detasmen Khusus 88 translated as is the special counter-terrorism force of the Indonesian National Police. Garda Crime & Security Branch Garda Special Detective Unit Garda Emergency Response Unit Garda National Surveillance Unit Garda Regional Support Units Airport Police Service Dublin Harbour Police Dún Laoghaire Harbour Police Military Police Corps Many functions ordinarily taken by special police units, are taken by the Israeli special forces units. Yamam, one of the four special operations units of the Israel Border Police Yamas, special operations unit of the Israel Border Police, directly subordinate to Shin Bet Gruppo di Intervento Speciale Nucleo Operativo Centrale di Sicurezza Raggruppamento Operativo Speciale Malaysian Special Operations Force Pasukan Gerakan Khas "Special Police" is not a term used in New Zealand.
Aside from the New Zealand Police, special powers are derived in legislation for customs officers, Fisheries Officers, Fire Police. The Fire Police hold the full legal powers of a Police Constable when on official duty; the Special Task Force is a special police unit, somewhat equal to the US SWAT teams, however they have broader responsibilities such as Counter-Terrorism, VVIP protection, bomb and EID disposal, etc. Nationella Insatsstyrkan Piketen Special police in Republic of China includes Thunder Squad of municipal governments, Peace Enforcing Special Service Forces aka "Wei-An" Forces of Ministry of the Interior, Military Police Special Services Company Code-named Night Hawk of Ministry of National Defense; the 7th Special Police was a unit of the National Police Agency and evolved into what is now the Republic of China Coast Guard. Polis Özel Harekat Jandarma Özel Harekat Jandarma Özel Asayiş In the United Kingdom, special police force has a special meaning in law and describes one of the forces defined as such in legislation including: Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005 Police, Public Order and Criminal Justice Act 2006 Police and Justice Act 2006They are distinguished from other police forces by having duties and responsibilities associated with particular legal or illegal activities rather than the geographical areas which are served by a single territorial police force.
There are several such forces: British Transport Police: Responsible for policing the rail network in Great Britain. Civil Nuclear Constabulary: Non-military nuclear installations and non-military nuclear material in transit. Ministry of Defe
Wales is a country, part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain. It is bordered by England to the east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, the Bristol Channel to the south, it had a population in 2011 of 3,063,456 and has a total area of 20,779 km2. Wales has over 1,680 miles of coastline and is mountainous, with its higher peaks in the north and central areas, including Snowdon, its highest summit; the country has a changeable, maritime climate. Welsh national identity emerged among the Britons after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century, Wales is regarded as one of the modern Celtic nations. Llywelyn ap Gruffudd's death in 1282 marked the completion of Edward I of England's conquest of Wales, though Owain Glyndŵr restored independence to Wales in the early 15th century; the whole of Wales was annexed by England and incorporated within the English legal system under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542. Distinctive Welsh politics developed in the 19th century. Welsh liberalism, exemplified in the early 20th century by Lloyd George, was displaced by the growth of socialism and the Labour Party.
Welsh national feeling grew over the century. Established under the Government of Wales Act 1998, the National Assembly for Wales holds responsibility for a range of devolved policy matters. At the dawn of the Industrial Revolution, development of the mining and metallurgical industries transformed the country from an agricultural society into an industrial nation. Two-thirds of the population live in South Wales, including Cardiff, Swansea and the nearby valleys. Now that the country's traditional extractive and heavy industries have gone or are in decline, Wales' economy depends on the public sector and service industries and tourism. Although Wales shares its political and social history with the rest of Great Britain, a majority of the population in most areas speaks English as a first language, the country has retained a distinct cultural identity and is bilingual. Over 560,000 Welsh language speakers live in Wales, the language is spoken by a majority of the population in parts of the north and west.
From the late 19th century onwards, Wales acquired its popular image as the "land of song", in part due to the eisteddfod tradition. At many international sporting events, such as the FIFA World Cup, Rugby World Cup and the Commonwealth Games, Wales has its own national teams, though at the Olympic Games, Welsh athletes compete as part of a Great Britain team. Rugby union is seen as an expression of national consciousness; the English words "Wales" and "Welsh" derive from the same Germanic root, itself derived from the name of the Gaulish people known to the Romans as Volcae and which came to refer indiscriminately to all non-Germanic peoples. The Old English-speaking Anglo-Saxons came to use the term Wælisc when referring to the Britons in particular, Wēalas when referring to their lands; the modern names for some Continental European lands and peoples have a similar etymology. In Britain, the words were not restricted to modern Wales or to the Welsh but were used to refer to anything that the Anglo-Saxons associated with the Britons, including other non-Germanic territories in Britain and places in Anglo-Saxon territory associated with Britons, as well as items associated with non-Germanic Europeans, such as the walnut.
The modern Welsh name for themselves is Cymry, Cymru is the Welsh name for Wales. These words are descended from the Brythonic word combrogi, meaning "fellow-countrymen"; the use of the word Cymry as a self-designation derives from the location in the post-Roman Era of the Welsh people in modern Wales as well as in northern England and southern Scotland. It emphasised that the Welsh in modern Wales and in the Hen Ogledd were one people, different from other peoples. In particular, the term was not applied to the Cornish or the Breton peoples, who are of similar heritage and language to the Welsh; the word came into use as a self-description before the 7th century. It is attested in a praise poem to Cadwallon ap Cadfan c. 633. In Welsh literature, the word Cymry was used throughout the Middle Ages to describe the Welsh, though the older, more generic term Brythoniaid continued to be used to describe any of the Britonnic peoples and was the more common literary term until c. 1200. Thereafter Cymry prevailed as a reference to the Welsh.
Until c. 1560 the word was spelt Kymry or Cymry, regardless of whether it referred to the people or their homeland. The Latinised forms of these names, Cambrian and Cambria, survive as lesser-used alternative names for Wales and the Welsh people. Examples include the Cambrian Mountains, the newspaper Cambrian News, the organisations Cambrian Airways, Cambrian Railways, Cambrian Archaeological Association and the Royal Cambrian Academy of Art. Outside Wales, a related form survives as the name Cumbria in North West England, once a part of Yr Hen Ogledd; the Cumbric language, thought to
England is a country, part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to Scotland to the north-northwest; the Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south; the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world; the English language, the Anglican Church, English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, the country's parliamentary system of government has been adopted by other nations.
The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation. England's terrain is chiefly low hills and plains in central and southern England. However, there is upland and mountainous terrain in the west; the capital is London, which has the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. England's population of over 55 million comprises 84% of the population of the United Kingdom concentrated around London, the South East, conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East, Yorkshire, which each developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century; the Kingdom of England – which after 1535 included Wales – ceased being a separate sovereign state on 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The name "England" is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means "land of the Angles"; the Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages. The Angles came from the Anglia peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea; the earliest recorded use of the term, as "Engla londe", is in the late-ninth-century translation into Old English of Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People. The term was used in a different sense to the modern one, meaning "the land inhabited by the English", it included English people in what is now south-east Scotland but was part of the English kingdom of Northumbria; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle recorded that the Domesday Book of 1086 covered the whole of England, meaning the English kingdom, but a few years the Chronicle stated that King Malcolm III went "out of Scotlande into Lothian in Englaland", thus using it in the more ancient sense.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its modern spelling was first used in 1538. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, in which the Latin word Anglii is used; the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars. How and why a term derived from the name of a tribe, less significant than others, such as the Saxons, came to be used for the entire country and its people is not known, but it seems this is related to the custom of calling the Germanic people in Britain Angli Saxones or English Saxons to distinguish them from continental Saxons of Old Saxony between the Weser and Eider rivers in Northern Germany. In Scottish Gaelic, another language which developed on the island of Great Britain, the Saxon tribe gave their name to the word for England. An alternative name for England is Albion; the name Albion referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus the 4th-century BC De Mundo: "Beyond the Pillars of Hercules is the ocean that flows round the earth.
In it are two large islands called Britannia. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, i.e. it was written in the Graeco-Roman period or afterwards. The word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins, it either derives from a cognate of the Latin albus meaning white, a reference to the white cliffs of Dover or from the phrase the "island of the Albiones" in the now lost Massaliote Periplus, attested through Avienus' Ora Maritima to which the former served as a source. Albion is now applied to England in a more poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England and made popular by its use in Arthurian legend; the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximate
Scotland is a country, part of the United Kingdom. Sharing a border with England to the southeast, Scotland is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, by the North Sea to the northeast and by the Irish Sea to the south. In addition to the mainland, situated on the northern third of the island of Great Britain, Scotland has over 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides; the Kingdom of Scotland emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages and continued to exist until 1707. By inheritance in 1603, James VI, King of Scots, became King of England and King of Ireland, thus forming a personal union of the three kingdoms. Scotland subsequently entered into a political union with the Kingdom of England on 1 May 1707 to create the new Kingdom of Great Britain; the union created a new Parliament of Great Britain, which succeeded both the Parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England. In 1801, the Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland enacted a political union to create a United Kingdom.
The majority of Ireland subsequently seceded from the UK in 1922. Within Scotland, the monarchy of the United Kingdom has continued to use a variety of styles and other royal symbols of statehood specific to the pre-union Kingdom of Scotland; the legal system within Scotland has remained separate from those of England and Wales and Northern Ireland. The continued existence of legal, educational and other institutions distinct from those in the remainder of the UK have all contributed to the continuation of Scottish culture and national identity since the 1707 union with England; the Scottish Parliament, a unicameral legislature comprising 129 members, was established in 1999 and has authority over those areas of domestic policy which have been devolved by the United Kingdom Parliament. The head of the Scottish Government, the executive of the devolved legislature, is the First Minister of Scotland. Scotland is represented in the UK House of Commons by 59 MPs and in the European Parliament by 6 MEPs.
Scotland is a member of the British–Irish Council, sends five members of the Scottish Parliament to the British–Irish Parliamentary Assembly. Scotland is divided into councils. Glasgow City is the largest subdivision in Scotland in terms of population, with Highland being the largest in terms of area. "Scotland" comes from the Latin name for the Gaels. From the ninth century, the meaning of Scotia shifted to designate Gaelic Scotland and by the eleventh century the name was being used to refer to the core territory of the Kingdom of Alba in what is now east-central Scotland; the use of the words Scots and Scotland to encompass most of what is now Scotland became common in the Late Middle Ages, as the Kingdom of Alba expanded and came to encompass various peoples of diverse origins. Repeated glaciations, which covered the entire land mass of modern Scotland, destroyed any traces of human habitation that may have existed before the Mesolithic period, it is believed the first post-glacial groups of hunter-gatherers arrived in Scotland around 12,800 years ago, as the ice sheet retreated after the last glaciation.
At the time, Scotland was covered in forests, had more bog-land, the main form of transport was by water. These settlers began building the first known permanent houses on Scottish soil around 9,500 years ago, the first villages around 6,000 years ago; the well-preserved village of Skara Brae on the mainland of Orkney dates from this period. Neolithic habitation and ritual sites are common and well preserved in the Northern Isles and Western Isles, where a lack of trees led to most structures being built of local stone. Evidence of sophisticated pre-Christian belief systems is demonstrated by sites such as the Callanish Stones on Lewis and the Maes Howe on Orkney, which were built in the third millennium BCE; the first written reference to Scotland was in 320 BC by Greek sailor Pytheas, who called the northern tip of Britain "Orcas", the source of the name of the Orkney islands. During the first millennium BCE, the society changed to a chiefdom model, as consolidation of settlement led to the concentration of wealth and underground stores of surplus food.
The first Roman incursion into Scotland occurred in 79 AD. After the Roman victory, Roman forts were set along the Gask Ridge close to the Highland line, but by three years after the battle, the Roman armies had withdrawn to the Southern Uplands; the Romans erected Hadrian's Wall in northern England and the Limes Britannicus became the northern border of the Roman Empire. The Roman influence on the southern part of the country was considerable, they introduced Christianity to Scotland. Beginning in the sixth century, the area, now Scotland was divided into three areas: Pictland, a patchwork of small lordships in central Scotland; these societies were based on the family unit and had sharp divisions in wealth, although the vast majority were poor and worked full-time in subsistence agriculture. The Picts kept slaves through the ninth century. Gaelic influence over Pictland and Northumbria was facilitated by the large number of Gaelic-speaking clerics working as missionaries. Operating in the sixth ce
City of London Police
The City of London Police is the territorial police force responsible for law enforcement within the City of London, including the Middle and Inner temples. The force responsible for law enforcement within the remainder of the London region, outside the City, is the much larger Metropolitan Police Service, a separate organisation; the City of London, now a financial business district with a small resident population but a large commuting workforce, is the historic core of London, has an administrative history distinct from that of the rest of the metropolis, of which its separate police force is one manifestation. The City of London area has a resident population of around 9,000. However, there is a daily influx of 400,000 commuters into the City, along with thousands of tourists; the police authority is the Common Council of the City, unlike other territorial forces in England and Wales there is not a police and crime commissioner replacing that police authority by way of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011, but like a police and crime commissioner, the Common Council is elected.
As of September 2017 the force had a workforce of 1,178, including 676 full-time police officers, 75 special constables, 9 police community support officers, 10 designated officers and 408 support staff. The headquarters is located at Wood Street and there are two additional stations at Snow Hill, Bishopsgate; the City of London Police is the smallest territorial police force in England and Wales, both in terms of geographic area and head-count. The Commissioner since January 2016 is Ian Dyson, QPM, the force's Assistant Commissioner. Policing in the City of London has existed since Roman times. Wood Street police station headquarters of the City Police, is built on part of the site of a Roman fortress. Prior to 1839, the responsibility for policing in the City was divided, from the medieval period, between day and night City Watch under the two sheriffs. Responsibilities were shared with the aldermen's officers – the ward beadles – who are now purely ceremonial, it was these officers' responsibility for ensuring.
Policing during the day came under the City Patrol, which evolved into the City Day Police, modelled on the Metropolitan Police. In 1838, the Day Police and Night Watch were merged into a single organisation; the passing of the City of London Police Act 1839 gave statutory approval to the force as an independent police body, heading off attempts made to merge it with the Metropolitan Police. During 1842, the City Police moved its headquarters from Corporation's Guildhall to 26 Old Jewry, where it remained until it was relocated to Wood Street in 2002. A main challenge of policing in London prior to the 18th century was both gathering and transferring accurate information. Data accumulated each time an offender appeared in court, sometimes as a new suspect, but they were repeat offenders labelled as "ancient", "common", "known", "notorious", or "old" offenders. Records were brought to court and transferred between authorities, with one example being from the Guildhall bookhouse to Bridewell; the records were screened and had to otherwise remain in buildings like Guildhall bookhouse, to ensure the accuracy of the information being held.
Aside from these formal records, information travelled between officials through word of mouth. This type of circulation of knowledge occurred between marshals, beadles and other officers, many Londoners could be identified by these individuals through local knowledge of their crimes – "a lewd thief" or "daungerous person" are some common descriptions. Constables were an important part of police knowledge. Within courtrooms, constables provided valuable information on specific neighbourhoods. So, many cases counted on the reliability of individuals with knowledge in London. Development of sophisticated investigative techniques would come later. Tracking the total number of Londoners fell under pre-Victorian London policing duties. Beadles kept the surnames of householders in an effort to track this total; this allowed police to understand more about which areas of London were growing, the number of aliens in particular areas, other valuable demographic information. The City Police is organised into five Basic Command Units: Economic Crime Directorate Crime Directorate Uniformed Policing Directorate Information and Intelligence Directorate Corporate Services DirectorateBecause of the City's role as a world financial centre, the City of London Police has developed a great deal of expertise in dealing with fraud and "is the acknowledged lead force within the UK for economic crime investigation."
The Economic Crime Directorate includes: Dedicated Cheque and Plastic Crime Unit Overseas anti-corruption Unit However, the OACU was planned to dissolve in 2015 as its responsibilities passed to the NCA. Insurance Fraud Department National Fraud Intelligence Bureau and Action Fraud Police Intellectual Property Crime Unit Economic Crime Academy responsible for delivering counter fraud and economic crime training both nationally and internationally http://academy.cityoflondon.police.uk/ Commissioner Ian Dyson, QPM Assistant Commissioner Alistair Sutherland Temporary Commander Jayne Gyford Temporary Commander David Clark Chief Superintendent David Lawes Temporary Detective Chief Superintendent David Evans Temporary Detective Chief Superintendent Glenn Maleary Temporary Detective Chief Superintendent Peter O'Doherty (Crime Investigation Di
Cambridgeshire Constabulary is the territorial police force responsible for law enforcement within the ceremonial county of Cambridgeshire in the United Kingdom. In addition to the non-metropolitan county, the Police area includes the city of Peterborough, which became a unitary authority area in 1998; the Chief Constable is Nick Dean, who replaced Alec Wood in 2018. The Deputy Chief Constable is Alan Baldwin and the Assistant Chief Constable is Dan Vajzovic; the force is divided into two area commands, since October 2017 of North and South each being commanded by a Superintendent. North consists of Fenland and Peterborough and South based on the areas of local district councils: Cambridge, East Cambridgeshire and South Cambridgeshire. There were three divisions: Northern and Southern, however these were abolished in 2012; the force's headquarters is situated at Hinchingbrooke Park on the outskirts of Huntingdon. There is a centralised call centre for the county at Copse Court in Peterborough.
The first formal police force in the area was started in the Isle of Ely in 1841 by the magistrate of the Isle. This was followed in the city of Cambridge by the original Cambridgeshire Constabulary in 1851. Huntingdonshire and Peterborough did not start their forces until 1857, under the County and Borough Police Act 1856. In 1965, Cambridgeshire Constabulary amalgamated with Cambridge City Police, Isle of Ely Constabulary, Huntingdonshire Constabulary, Peterborough Combined Police to form Mid-Anglia Constabulary, with the same boundaries as the current force; this force had an establishment of 805 and an actual strength of 728. A separate Wisbech Borough Police had merged with the Isle of Ely Constabulary in 1889; the force was renamed Cambridgeshire Constabulary in 1974, when the new non-metropolitan county of Cambridgeshire was created by the Local Government Act 1972 with identical boundaries to the Mid-Anglia Constabulary area. In 2001 the constabulary conducted one of Peterborough's biggest police enquiries following the racist murder of teenager Ross Parker.2002 saw the Soham murders, an event that led to the biggest investigation in the history of Cambridgeshire police and one of the most expensive in the country, costing £3.5million.
Proposals made by the Home Secretary, Charles Clarke, in March 2006 would have seen the force merge with neighbouring Norfolk Constabulary and Suffolk Constabulary to form a strategic police force for East Anglia. While Norfolk supported the proposal. In July 2006 however, the Home Office announced that all plans to merge police forces had been abandoned by the incoming John Reid. Since 2010, there has been reorganisation and collaboration of the force with nearby Hertfordshire Constabulary and Bedfordshire Police under the banner of "Op ReDesign", with many departments merging such as Tactical Firearms Unit, Dog Section and Uniform Stores. In 2013, Cambridgeshire officers attempted to infiltrate student political groups at Cambridge University including UK Uncut and Unite Against Fascism by attempting to persuade an activist to become an informant. In 2015 the constabulary hit controversy when it was announced that it would not review CCTV footage of bicycle thefts. Prior to 2012, Cambridgeshire Constabulary was overseen by a police authority that comprised 17 members.
This was made up of nine district councillors, of which seven were nominated by Cambridgeshire County Council and two by Peterborough City Council, three magistrates, nominated by the county's Magistrates' Courts Committee. However, In 2011 the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 was passed by Parliament which abolished Police Authorities in favour of an elected Police and Crime Commissioner. On 15 November 2012, elections took place in England and Wales to elect a Police and Crime Commissioner for each Police Area. In Cambridgeshire, the winning candidate was Conservative Sir Graham Bright, former MP for Luton; the Cambridgeshire Police and Crime Commissioner is scrutinised by the Cambridgeshire Police and Crime Panel, made up of elected councillors from the local authorities in the police area. Cambridgeshire Constabulary 1851–1876: Captain George Davies Mid-Anglia Constabulary 1965–1974: F Drayton PorterCambridgeshire Constabulary 1974–: F Drayton Porter 1994–2002: Dennis George "Ben" Gunn 2002–2005: Thomas Lloyd 2005–2010: Julie Spence 2010–2015: Simon Parr 2015–2018: Alec Wood 2018–Present: Nick Dean The Police Roll of Honour Trust lists and commemorates all British police officers killed in the line of duty, since its establishment in 1984 has erected over 38 memorials to some of those officers.
The following officers of Cambridgeshire Constabulary were killed while they were on duty: Police Constable Thomas Saunders Lamb, 1841 Police Constable Richard Peak 1855, Detective Sergeant Francis James Willis, 1930 Police Sergeant Raymond George Bowland, 1957 Police Constable Anthony Allder, 1966 (Died from severe head injuries following a collision with a car while on
Derbyshire Constabulary is the territorial police force responsible for policing the county of Derbyshire, England. The force covers an area of over 1,000 square miles with a population of just under one million. To police the county the force is divided into two territorial divisions, based in the towns of Buxton and Chesterfield, Derby; the Force Headquarters, near Ripley and close to the A38 road, is Butterley Hall, former residence of Benjamin Outram and once owned by the Butterley Company. The Old Hall and additional buildings in the large grounds house much of the force's central administrative services; the Ops Divisions HQ at Wyatts Way Ripley is now the home of Operational Support Division which encompasses the Road Policing Unit, Air Support, a partnership with Nottinghamshire Police), ARU, Dog Section, Uniform Task Force and Road Policing Support. The Constabulary is led by the Chief Constable assisted by a Deputy and two Assistant Chief Constables; each division is headed by a Chief Superintendent - the Divisional Commander - and each division is divided into Sections, which are led by an Inspector.
The force has an authorised establishment of 1,827 police officers, 350 special constables and 104 Police Community Support Officers The Chief Officers of the force worked in partnership with the 17 publicly elected representatives on the Derbyshire Police Authority, which shared responsibility for budgets and policy, was intended to ensure that the public of Derbyshire had a voice in the policing of their county. Since the introduction of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 the Derbyshire Police and Crime Commissioner is now responsible for tasks that were once completed by the Police Authority. In November 2012 Alan Charles was elected the Police and Crime Commissioner for Derbyshire for a four-year term. Charles served as Vice Chair of the Derbyshire Police Authority. Derbyshire Constabulary polices an area which ranges from remote rural locations to busy city-centre and suburban environments; the more urbanised east and south of the county, including the market town of Chesterfield and the city of Derby require more officers to respond to the needs of the large resident population, while the more rural north and west require the smaller number of officers to be more mobile.
Calls for service in the rural areas increase during summer as the population is boosted by twenty million visitors each year to the Peak District and its surrounds. Winter weather on the unforgiving high ground around Glossop and Kinder Scout can cause problems for traffic and residents. Derbyshire's different environments lead to different pressures on the police and different concerns for the public. Anti-social behaviour and drug abuse are more prevalent in town and city areas, whereas the rural districts are prone more to travelling crime. In general, Derbyshire has a lower crime rate in comparison to its neighbouring force areas of Greater Manchester Police, South Yorkshire Police, Nottinghamshire Police; these neighbouring areas all contain larger urban centres than Derbyshire and as a result criminals from these areas travel to Derbyshire to commit crime. A recent Home Office report indicated that Derbyshire had the lowest crime levels in the East Midlands region, the force states that crime rates have fallen in Derbyshire by 15% in the last year.
Proposals were made by the Home Secretary on 20 March 2006 to integrate groups of police forces in England and Wales into'strategic' forces, which he saw as being more'fit for purpose' in terms of combating terrorism and organised crime. Under these proposals Derbyshire would have merged with nearby forces to create an'East Midlands Police'. However, these proposals were unpopular with much of the community and the police, for the moment have been deferred, leaving the East Midlands forces to continue independently. In 2010 following the coalition government's drive to reduce spending regional collaboration has been brought back to the table for serious and in depth discussion on how to provide the same or more for less; this may well be the forerunner of a regional force. The Police Roll of Honour Trust lists and commemorates all British police officers killed in the line of duty; the Police Memorial Trust since its establishment in 1984 has erected over 38 memorials to some of those officers.
Since 1828 the following officers of Derbyshire Constabulary were killed while attempting to prevent or stop a crime in progress: Parish Constable William Taylor, 1828 Police Constable Joseph Moss, 1879 Police Constable Stevenson, 2013 In 1965, the force had an establishment of 852 and an actual strength of 775. 1873–?: Francis Joseph Parry 1876–1898: Lieutenant-Colonel William Addis Delacombe 1918–c.1927: Major Philip Francis Ross Anley 1954–1967: William Ewart Pitts 1967–1979: Sir Walter Stansfield 1979–1981: James Fryer 1981–1985: Alfred Parrish 1985–1990: Alan Smith 1990–2000: John Newing 2001–2007: David Coleman 2007–2017: Mick Creedon 2017–present: Peter Goodman List of law enforcement agenc