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Covenant Life, Alaska

Covenant Life is a census-designated place in Haines Borough, United States. At the 2010 census the population was 86, down from 102 at the 2000 census, it is a community of people with common religious beliefs, with a panel of church elders who set policy for the community's common church, K-12 school, private 4-year university, a loose form of self- government. An emphasis on community living is a key value in their lifestyle, such as taking most meals together in a common meeting place; the community was established during a Christian religious movement in the 1960s and 1970s, where many such communities were established in Alaska and Canada, with emphasis on self-sufficiency and at least partial agricultural independence. The latter lends to the term used by outsiders as "The Farm", in reference to a single such community. Modern technology is not forbidden, nor discouraged, but due to remoteness and complete lack of public utilities, it is present much less so than in American and Canadian culture.

Covenant Life is located in northern Haines Borough at 59°24′0″N 136°4′35″W, between the Klehini River to the north and the Tsirku River to the south. The eastern end of the CDP is at the Chilkat River. Covenant Life is bordered by the Mosquito Lake CDP to the north and by the community of Klukwan to the east; the turnoff to Covenant Life from Alaska Route 7 is 25 miles northwest of Haines. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 27.2 square miles, of which 27.1 square miles are land and 0.2 square miles, or 0.64%, are water. Covenant Life first appeared on the 1990 U. S. Census as a census-designated place; as of the census of 2000, there were 102 people, 25 households, 22 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 3.9 people per square mile. There were 38 housing units at an average density of 1.5/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 94.12% White, 0.98% Native American, 3.92% Asian, 0.98% from two or more races. There were 25 households out of which 44.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 84.0% were married couples living together, 4.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 12.0% were non-families.

4.0% of all households were made up of individuals and none had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.08 and the average family size was 3.59. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 15.7% from 18 to 24, 18.6% from 25 to 44, 32.4% from 45 to 64, 6.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 75.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 63.0 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $34,167, the median income for a family was $41,250. Males had a median income of $36,875 versus $22,083 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $14,326. There were 4.5% of families and 15.2% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 12.5% of those over 64. The Move

Historic Formula One Championship

The Historic Formula One Championship known as the Thoroughbred Grand Prix Championship, was a championship for Formula One cars from the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, sanctioned by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile, motor sport's world governing body. The championship was recognised by the FIA in 1994 as the only official FIA Historic Formula One Championship and its first season was in 1995. For 2013, the series was taken over by Masters Racing to become the FIA Masters Historic Formula One Championship; the championship is split into four classes according to the vehicle's age and technical specification. The HFO Competition features classic Grand Prix racing cars from the 20-year period between 1966 and 1985. During that period, there were design innovations and regulatory changes which resulted in significant performance differences and there is a vast speed differential between the elder cars such as Jackie Stewart's Tyrrell 001 and the latter machines like the Steffan Johannsen Tyrrell 012 and Brabham BT49.

To level the playing field, the championship is split into four classes according to age and design characteristics of the car. Drivers score points within their particular car's class and all have the chance to claim the overall FIA Trophy at the end of the season. There are four competitions going on within every race and each provides points for the driver based on his or her placing in the car's class and the number of competing cars in that class. An additional point will be awarded to the drivers who achieve the fastest lap in each class during the race; the Champion is the driver who scores the greatest points total, regardless of the class in which he or she competes and it is possible for a driver to switch classes during the season. In addition to overall champion, awards go to drivers with the highest total of points in each class excluding the overall champion, as follows: Historic Formula One Historic Cup – The competitor scoring the highest number of points in Class A. Historic Formula One Classic Cup – The competitor scoring the highest number of points in Class B.

Historic Formula One Cup – The competitor scoring the highest number of points in Class C. Historic Formula One Sporting Cup – The competitor scoring the highest number of points in Class D; these are all FIA awards. HFO presents its own awards at a less formal and much more boisterous event as follows: The Chairman's Trophy – Introduced in 2009 Tony Smith, this is awarded to the competitor who, in the chairman's opinion, best exhibits the "Spirit of the Championship"; the Geoff Richardson Trophy – Provided by an engine builder, the trophy is awarded to the best newcomer. The Nicholson McLaren Trophy – Provided by another engine builder. This'trophy' is awarded to the'best' team; the Ensign Trophy – Provided by the former CEO of HFO, Mike Wheatley, something of an Ensign fan, having'raced' an example in HFO successfully. Although never a winner, the marque was at its peak during the class B period and this trophy goes to the winner of Class B; the Colin Chapman Trophy -- provided by Classic Team Lotus.

It is hard to imagine any historic category without a Colin Chapman Trophy but, as in HFO's case, it is hard to determine which period it might be applied to since Chapman was responsible for so many'innovations'. After considering that Class C covers the period when ground effects, carbon fibre chassis and the controversial twin chassis Lotus Type 88 all emerged from Chapman's expertise, it was agreed that this trophy would go to the winner of Class C. Thoroughbred Grand Prix Cars - Historic Formula One Historic Formula One 2010 Championship Review

The Stage (album)

The Stage is the seventh studio album by American heavy metal band Avenged Sevenfold, released on October 28, 2016, by Capitol Records. It is the first Avenged Sevenfold album to feature drummer Brooks Wackerman, who joined the band in late 2014 but was not revealed as previous drummer Arin Ilejay's official replacement until Ilejay's departure in 2015, because the band wanted to find a drummer that would "fit in"; the Stage is the band's first album to be released through Capitol Records. Written and recorded throughout 2016, The Stage was musically different for the band, marking a progressive metal sound, it was a surprise release, being the first mainstream heavy metal album without promotion of any kind. It is Avenged Sevenfold's first conceptual album, with its main theme being based on artificial intelligence and self-destruction of society, it is the band's longest studio album at 73 minutes and 35 seconds, thus beating 2005's City of Evil by a minute. In addition to being their longest album, The Stage features their longest song to date, "Exist", with a run-time of 15 minutes and 41 seconds.

Upon release, the album received critical acclaim. It debuted at number four on the Billboard 200; the title-track was nominated at 60th Annual Grammy Awards in "Best Rock Song" category. In March 2016, Avenged Sevenfold held "March Mania", a tournament to find the most fan loved Avenged Sevenfold song voted each week by fans. On March 31, 2016, Avenged Sevenfold released a video on their YouTube channel and announced "A Little Piece of Heaven" was the winner gave an update on the new album giving a small clip of a new song, "Exist". In October 2016, the band's logo, the Deathbat, was projected on major buildings around the world leading up to the release of the first single entitled "The Stage" along with the music video. In interviews prior to the album's release, rhythm guitarist Zacky Vengeance described the album as "pretty much aggro"; the band continued to experiment with The Stage, "Sunny Disposition" features a section accompanied with brass instruments, "God Damn" is one of the heaviest tracks on the album, has one of the most aggressive and fast-paced thrash metal riffs.

The song has a melodic bridge led by acoustic guitars, with M. Shadows' aggressive vocal style over it, creating a contrast. "Creating God" utilizes a D major scale over a D minor progression in order to give the chorus a unique sound. In the choruses, M. Shadows sings the vocal line around a D major scale, while Synyster Gates plays the guitar riff around a D harmonic minor scale; this technique is used again in Gates' solo, where he imitates the vocal line sung by Shadows in the chorus. The song is in the key of D minor. "Roman Sky" includes several orchestrated arrangements, similar to the ones throughout various songs appearing on "City of Evil". "Higher" is one of the album's most melodic and progressive tracks, it features a female choir near the end creating a unusual and atmospheric outro harmonized with synthetizers, piano and a drifting bass line. The band's longest song to date "Exist", in which Neil deGrasse Tyson makes an audio spoken word appearance at the end, which he wrote for the album, showcases the band's further experimentation in progressive metal.

Other songs show elements of thrash metal and progressive metal, with some songs using fast drum patterns, blast beat and rapid riff structure, along with thrash-style shouting at some points. The album includes an influence from their earlier metalcore style, including metalcore-style riffs and breakdowns, with "Paradigm" going as far as to include screamed vocals; the song "Fermi Paradox" has a black metal influence in the instrumental, with the blast beats and guitar work, but the band chose to put clean vocals over it. The Stage is Avenged Sevenfold's first conceptual album; the album's concept is based on artificial intelligence and self-destruction of society, it includes a variety of science-driven themes including nuclear warfare, a failed NASA test, Giordano Bruno's death sentence, space exploration, simulation hypothesis and religion, all of these themes and events taking place on the same "stage": Earth. Thematically, the album deals with mankind's relationship with technology. Lyrical content of the album was inspired by the writings of Elon Musk.

In an interview with Rolling Stone, vocalist M. Shadows commented as examples: "The song "Paradigm" talks about nanobots – and how they can be used to cure diseases and help you live forever, but how much of a human being would you be at that point? If you're 70 percent machine and 30 percent human, are you going to lose yourself? Or a song like "Creating God" – computers are getting smarter and smarter, all of a sudden they're becoming your god; the title-track "The Stage" talks about humanity and the way people have treated each other throughout history. It speaks from the perspective of a man realizing corruption of the world. Closing track "Exist" was made as the band's approach to sonically represent The Big Bang, with the instrumental part in the first section representing the creation of the universe and the second section of the song representing the creation of Earth. On October 28, 2016, the album was available for purchase on iTunes and for streaming on Spotify, following the band's live-streamed performance at the rooftop of the Capitol Records Building.

Special bundles of the album were made available on the band's webstore. The

Herman Melville House (Troy, New York)

The Herman Melville House is a historic home located at Lansingburgh in Troy, Rensselaer County, New York. It was a home of author Herman Melville between 1838 and 1847; the home was built about 1786 and remodeled in the Late Victorian style about 1872. It is a ​2 1⁄2-story and timber frame dwelling with a gable roof, it has a 2-story rear wing. Herman Melville and his family moved to Lansingburgh in 1838 after deaths in the family and financial concerns. Five years in 1843, Melville's brother Allan reflected on the house as "very pleasantly situated on the bank of the Hudson. Economy was the object of this change of location, the only one which influenced my mother to forsake the'place of her heart,' her early companions and old friends." During the family's time here, they were nearly impoverished, Melville's mother Maria Gansevoort Melville relied on financial support from family and wrote letters complaining to her brothers and asking for help. In December 1839, for example, she wrote: "It cannot be possible that I am to be left by my two Brothers to struggle with absolute want...

If I have nothing to expect from my brothers but tardy, uncertain remitances, extracted only by painful relations of want — the Family must be broken up and its members dispersed."During his time here, Melville joined a local debating society, sent letters to the town newspaper, wrote a few love poems and, in 1839, published a two-part sketch titled "Fragments from a Writing-Desk" in the Democratic Press and Lansingburgh Advertiser. He took a course in surveying at the Lansingburgh Academy in the unfulfilled hope of pursuing work with the Erie Canal. In the summer of 1839, he took his first sea voyage: a four-month trip to Liverpool. Upon his return, he taught at schools in Brunswick; the next year, 1840, he and a friend visited family in Galena, before returning to New York. It is believed; the Melville family's former home is today preserved and maintained by the Lansingburgh Historical Society. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1992. Arrowhead, the Herman Melville House in Pittsfield, where Melville lived from 1850 until 1863 Lansingburgh Historical Society website

Arkansas Highway 228

Highway 228 is a designation for two state highways in Northeast Arkansas. One route of 4.50 miles begins at County Road 534 at Clover Bend and runs east to Highway 367 in Minturn. A second route of 15.84 miles runs northeast to US Highway 412 at Light. Both routes are maintained by the Arkansas Department of Transportation. Highway 228 begins state maintenance at Lawrence County Road 534, it runs east through the Clover Bend Historic District to Minturn, where it ends at US 67. Highway 228 runs diagonally from southwest to northeast, beginning at Highway 91; the route runs northeast, serving as the northern terminus of Highway 349 before entering Sedgwick where it meets US 63. Highway 228 overlaps US 63 before turning northeast into Greene County, it continues northeast to terminate at US 412 at Light. Highway 228 was created by the Arkansas State Highway Commission on July 10, 1957 between Clover Bend and Minturn. A second route was created between Sedgwick and Light April 24, 1963; the Arkansas General Assembly passed Act 9 of 1973, which directed county judges and legislators to designate up to 12 miles of county roads as state highways in each county.

Highway 228 was extended west to Highway 91 on May 23, 1973. Mile markers reset at concurrencies. List of state highways in Arkansas Media related to Arkansas Highway 228 at Wikimedia Commons

Die cutting (web)

Die cutting is the general process of using a die to shear webs of low-strength materials, such as rubber, foil, paper, corrugated fibreboard, paperboard, pressure-sensitive adhesive tapes and sheet metal. In the metalworking and leather industries, the process is known as clicking and the machine may be referred to as a clicking machine; when a dinking die or dinking machine is used, the process is known as dinking. Produced items using this process include gaskets, tokens, corrugated boxes, envelopes. Die cutting started as a process of cutting leather for the shoe industry in the mid-19th century, it is now sophisticated enough to cut through just one layer of a laminate, so it is now used on labels and other stickers. Die cutting can be done on either rotary presses. Rotary die cutting is done inline with printing; the primary difference between rotary die cutting and flatbed die cutting is that the flatbed is not as fast but the tools are cheaper. This process lends itself to smaller production runs where it is not as easy to absorb the added cost of a rotary die.

Rotary die cutting is die cutting using a cylindrical die on a rotary press. A long sheet or web of material will be fed through the press into an area known as a "station" which holds a rotary tool that will cut out shapes, make perforations or creases, or cut the sheet or web into smaller parts. A series of gears will force the die to rotate at the same speed as the rest of the press, ensuring that any cuts the die makes line up with the printing on the material; the machines used for this process can incorporate multiple "stations" that die cut a particular shape in the material. In each of these stations lie one or more of these geared tools or printing cylinders, some machines use automatic eye registration to make sure the cuts and/or printing are lined up with one another when lower tolerances are required. Dies used in rotary die cutting are either solid engraved dies, adjustable dies, or magnetic plate tooling. Engraved dies have a much higher tolerance and are machined out of a solid steel bar made out of tool steel.

Adjustable dies have removable blades that can be replaced with other blades, either due to wear or to cut a different material, while magnetic plate tooling has a cylinder that has magnets placed in it, an engraved metal plate is attached or wrapped around the base cylinder holding onto it by the force of the magnets. Dinking is a manufacturing process. Dinking uses hollow cutters; the edges of the dies are beveled about 20° and sharpened. The material is punched through into a wood or soft metal block in order to not dull the edges; the die may be pressed into the material with a mechanical press. Cutting plotter Postage stamp separation Steel rule die Degarmo, E. Paul. Materials and Processes in Manufacturing, Wiley, ISBN 0-471-65653-4