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Cowhide is the natural, unbleached skin and hair of a cow. It retains the original coloring of the animal. Cowhides are a product of the food industry from cattle. Cowhide is processed into leather. Once a cow has been killed, the skin is removed, it is selected in the raw state, at the first moment when it is salted. It is organized by color. In the tannery, a traditional hair on hide tanning method is employed to ensure that the hide is soft, less susceptible to odour and moulting, it ensures. It is naturally dried and the best hides are separated from the rest, with the ones that cannot be used in full as decorative items separated to be used as patchwork rugs; these are those with damage that causes the skin to tear post drying. Cowhide can be dyed to resemble skins such as tiger or zebra skins, but dyeing is reserved for the lower quality cowhides; the best quality hides are presented in their natural colors, which are based on the breed of the bovine. Among the southern African Zulu people, cowhide was employed in various ways, though it has been relegated to ceremonial use.

Cowhide was used to make Nguni shields and the traditional skirt called the isidwaba. Men wore a calfskin flap, the ibeshu, to cover the buttocks, the umutsha loin cloth was tied to the body with a cow hide belt; the iphovela was a headdress made of cow skin, the ishoba or umshokobezi was a tufted cowtail used as an arm or leg decoration. Media related to Leather at Wikimedia Commons How Cowhide Rugs are Made Learn More About Cowhide Rugs

Skill testing question

Skill testing questions are a legal requirement attached to many contests in Canada. The combined effect of Sections 197 to 206 of the Canadian Criminal Code bans for-profit gaming or betting, with exceptions made for provincial lotteries, licensed casinos, charity events. Many stores, radio stations, other groups still wish to hold contests to encourage more purchases or increase consumer interest; these organizations take advantage of the fact that the law does allow prizes to be given for games of skill, or mixed games of skill and chance. To make the chance-based contests legal, such games consist of a mathematical skill-testing question. Penalties for violating the contest section of the Criminal Code, if it was enforced, include up to two years of imprisonment if charged as an indictable offense or a fine no more than $25,000 on a summary conviction charge; the Promotional Contest Provision of the Competition Act states that "selection of participants or distribution of prizes is not made on the basis of skill or on a random basis."

Courts have accepted that estimating number of beans in a jar as a game with skill and number of votes will be cast in an upcoming election as a game with mixed skill and chance. Thus neither example requires additional STQ; the most common form that these questions take is as an arithmetic exercise. A court decision ruled that a mathematical STQ must contain at least three operations to be a test of skill. For example, a sample question is " +"; the winner should not receive any assistance in answering the STQ. Enforcement of these rules is not stringent for small prizes. Enforcement is impossible if the winner chooses the time and location to answer the question. In most cases, there is no individual monitoring to ensure the integrity of answering STQ without assistance and the winner will submit the claim form having affirmed that they completed STQ without any assistance. In some cases, the player may not be required to answer the STQ to claim a prize; the questions are becoming easier. For contests held in other countries but open to Canadians, a STQ must be asked of any potential Canadian winner.

Since those sections of the Criminal Code require elements of skill for the winners to be awarded of their prize, not answering the STQ can result in the prize not being awarded. This has happened in at least one occasion for Tim Hortons' Roll Up the Rim contest winner in 2008; the individual failed to answer the same STQ on the prize claim form twice due to a learning disability. Tim Hortons refused to release the prize until the intervention of a local newspaper. Anecdotally, getting the answer wrong is not an obstacle to claiming a prize and the winner is given another chance to calculate again; the same section of law prohibits receiving consideration in exchange for playing the games, resulting in a related peculiarity of Canadian contests: the free entry alternative, indicated by "No purchase necessary" in the fine print. This means that it is possible to enter the contest for free by, for example, writing a letter to the entity sponsoring the contest and requesting a game piece or entry form

Eternal Damnation

Eternal Damnation is the second full-length album released by Cypriot Power metal band Winter's Verge. It was released in April 2008 by Limb Music Productions; the album combines elements of metal. The music is characterized by fast-paced riffs, double-bass drumming and vocals, with interspersed keyboard parts and composition influenced by other music. Eternal Damnation 04:46 My Winter Sun 04:52 Get Me Out 03:55 Hold My Hand 05:09 A Secret Once Forgotten 05:25 Goodbye 05:42 Spring Of Life 04:09 Can You Hear Me 05:18 For I Have Sinned 03:02 To You I Sail Tonight 06:35 Suicide Note 03:31 George Charalambous - Vocals Perikles Mallopoulos - Guitars Stefanos Psillides - Keyboards Miguel Trapezaris – Bass Andreas Charalambous – Drums

Young Art and Old Hector

Young Art and Old Hector is a novel by Neil M. Gunn, it concerns itself with an 8-year-old boy "Young Art" growing up in the Scottish Highland community of Clachdrum and in episodic form, catalogues a series of adventures and occurrences in his life connected with his mentor figure "Old Hector", a local character and bootlegger. The same characters would be used in the following satirical, fantasy novel, The Green Isle of the Great Deep. Art is an eight-year-old boy and the book is seen from his perspective, he comes from a large family and, as his father is away fishing, his major father figure is Old Hector, the local elder who has a wide knowledge of local history and story and as is implied throughout the novel revealed in the final chapters, the finest bootlegger in the area. Like many of Gunn's novels, the plot is episodic and we experience events such as the local Highland Games and the birth of Art's baby sister. Indeed several of the chapters appeared extant in other published forms.

The main climax of the novel is when Art, returning out of curiosity to a cave where he and a girl from the village thought a wild beast lived, uncover an illicit still run by Hector and Red Douglas. Art's brother Donul is with them as they are making whisky for Duncan and Donul's eldest brother's wedding. Art's discovery of the still is fortuitous as on his way he encounters three excise agents or "gaugers", who are investigating Hector. Throughout the book, Art wishes to reach the River, a place he has never been with Donul, but when Donul needs to leave to work on a cattle farm, it is Hector who takes Art to the river. Art and Hector represent the extremes of youth and old age; the book is considered to be one of the "finest evocations of childhood written, conveying all the magic and misery and the bursting joys of being a small boy in a great and mysterious world."Hector's role is one of an idealised Gaelic seanachie, his knowledge of his local area and history not limiting him in his dealing with universal issues such as greed and land rights.

The area known as the Clash, where Art and Donul go to snare rabbits early in the book is where Hector was born and was cleared to the present village. The Clash is where Hector takes the Gaugers to act as a red herring when they are making enquiries about the still. Art's role as the hero and saviour of Hector from the Gaugers is a theme which Gunn would develop in the following fantastical novel The Green Isle of the Great Deep. Art's triumph at the Highland Games is considered to be autobiographical due to Gunn's own talent at athletics; the Times Literary Supplement stated that Young Art and Old Hector is the book that "affirms Neil Gunn's place as one of the most important Scottish writers of the Twentieth century." Mor, Rory. "Neil Gunn -- Author from the Scottish Highlands: Meet Neil Gunn". Thistle and Shamrock Books

Robert Edwin Russ

Robert Edwin Russ was a planter and civic leader who founded Ruston, the parish seat of Lincoln Parish in north Louisiana. The son of Robert Russ and the former Sarah Gillam Hodges, Russ was born in Holmes Valley in Washington County, in the Florida Panhandle, he attended school in Tennessee. He migrated with his mother and stepfather, Sion D. Smith, to Henry County, Hinds County, in 1852 to Jackson Parish south of Ruston. In 1855, he married the former Mary Elizabeth Randle, the couple had thirteen children. In 1873, Russ purchased land in Lincoln Parish, established after the American Civil War. With the news that the Vicksburg, Shreveport & Pacific Railroad would be built in the vicinity, Russ was persuaded to donate more than 600 acres of his land for a town to be built around the depot. "Russ Town" opened with lots selling for $375 each. So many people flocked to the new town that a year in 1884, it became the site for the Lincoln Parish seat of government. Russ was active in the Democratic Party and served as sheriff of Lincoln Parish from 1877-1880.

He was a trustee of Ruston College. He was a lay organizer of First Baptist Church in downtown Ruston, he is interred at the historic Greenwood Cemetery in Ruston. The Robert E. Russ Award is given in Ruston to individuals cited for outstanding civic service; the 2009 winner was vice president for research and development at Louisiana Tech. Tommy Folk, a Ruston native, retired president of construction for T. L. James & Company, chairman of the board of the Dixie Center for the Arts, won the award for 2008. Other past winners were the late State Representative L. D. "Buddy" Napper and his law partner, Judge Otho Lloyd Waltman

Nunawading City FC

Nunawading City Football Club is an Australian semi-professional association football club based in Forest Hill, a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria. Founded in 1971, the club competes in the NPL Victoria 3. In the 2014 season, Nunawading finished in bottom place of the Victorian State League Division 2 South-East, amassing seven points in 22 games; however due to Football Federation Victoria ranking Nunawading as one of the states elite junior clubs, they were given a licence to participate in the National Premier Leagues Victoria 2 for 2015, the second tier of football in the state.\Midway through 2014, Nunawading City youth player, Jake Brimmer was scouted by Liverpool FC, Liverpool scout Barry Hunter spotted him playing for the Victorian National Training Centre squad in July 2013. In 2015, after 20 consecutive losses, City earned its first point in the NPL2 competition on 18 July 2015, in a 0–0 draw away from home against Whittlesea Ranges; the point would prove to be the only point Nunawading earned that season, finishing the season in bottom place with a −95 goal difference, but were not relegated due to no relegation existing from NPL2 for 2014-2016.

In May 2016, Nunawading striker Emile Damey was selected in the squad for Liberia ahead of Africa Cup of Nations qualification matches. Nunawading City got their first win in NPL2 when it defeated Murray United 3–1 at Mahoneys Reserve on 22 May 2016; the win was City's only points for the 2016 season, finishing again in bottom place with a -92 goal difference. Nuna signed a number of ex-A-League players for the 2017 season, including Mitch Cooper, Patrick Gerhardt, James Brown and Jason Trifiro. Cooper scored a total of 21 goals for Nunawading, who avoided relegation in 2017 with a 9th placed finished, four points above Richmond SC. With Gerhardt, Jagajeet Shrestha and Cooper departing at seasons end, in October 2017, it was announced Nuna had signed NPL Victoria Gold Medal winner Massimo Murdocca for 2018. In 2018, Nuna signed A-League veteran Fahid Ben Khalfallah. Additionally former Western Sydney Wanderers midfielder Tahj Minniecon joined the club. Ben Khalfallah scored his first goal in Nunawadings third victory for the season against Melbourne City.

Nuna finished the season in bottom place in NPL2, suffering relegation from the National Premier Leagues Victoria system. Khalfallah was appointed the senior head coach for the 2019 Victorian State League Division 1 season. Official club website