Vacaville is a city located in Solano County in Northern California. Sitting 35 miles from Sacramento and 55 miles from San Francisco, it is part of the San Francisco Bay Area but considered, at least by some agencies, to be part of the Sacramento Valley; as of the 2010 census, Vacaville had a population of 92,428, making it the third largest city in Solano County. The city was laid out on land deeded by Manuel Cabeza Vaca to William McDaniel in August 1850, its original plot was recorded on December 13, 1851. The city was a Pony Express stop and was home to many large produce companies and local farms which flourished due to the Vaca Valley's rich soil. There are a number of rare and endangered species in the Vacaville area. Endangered plants which have occurred in the vernal pool areas in and around Vacaville include Legenre limosa, Plagiobothrys hystriculus, Downingia humilis, Contra Costa Goldfields, Showy Indian clover. To this day Trifolium amoenum can still be found in Lagoon Valley Regional Park.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.6 square miles. 99.26 % of the area is 0.74 % is water. Excluding the Putah South Canal and minor local creeks, the only significant body of water within the city is the 105-acre Lagoon Valley Lake; the unincorporated communities of Allendale and Elmira are considered to be part of "greater" Vacaville. The city includes three hospitals, Kaiser Permanente Medical Center, NorthBay VacaValley Hospital and the Vacaville Medical Center a hospital and trauma center; the city includes several historic buildings and places including Peña Adobe, Will H. Buck House, Pleasants Ranch, Vacaville Town Hall. Vacaville has a typical Mediterranean climate with cool, wet winters. Characteristic of inland California, summers can get quite hot. Autumns are warm in the early part but cool down as the wet season approaches. Winters can be cool, foggy, but are mild compared to other regions. Spring is a rather pleasant season with mild temperatures and not so much rain.
The greater majority of precipitation falls in the autumn and spring months with little to none in summer. According to National Weather Service records, average January temperatures in Vacaville are a maximum of 55.4 °F and a minimum of 36.7 °F. Average July temperatures are a maximum of 95.2 °F and a minimum of 56.1 °F. There are an average of 87.7 days with highs of higher. There are lower; the record high temperature was 116 °F on July 23, 2006. The record low temperature was 14 °F on December 26, 1924. Average annual precipitation is 24.55 inches. There are an average of 57 days with measurable precipitation; the wettest year was 1983 with 48.90 inches and the driest year was 2012 with 5 inches. The most precipitation in one month was 19.83 inches in January 1916. The most precipitation in 24 hours was 6.10 inches on February 27, 1940. Snowfall is rare in Vacaville, but light measurable amounts have occurred, including 2.2 inches in January 1907 and 2.0 inches in December 1988. The 2010 United States Census reported that Vacaville had a population of 92,428.
The population density was 3,233.5 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Vacaville was 61,301 White, 9,510 African American, 846 Native American, 5,606 Asian, 532 Pacific Islander, 8,136 from other races, 6,497 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21,121 persons; the Census reported that 91.3% of the population lived in households and 8.6% were institutionalized. There were 31,092 households, out of which 11,747 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 16,347 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4,068 had a female householder with no husband present, 1,686 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,892 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 208 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 7,053 households were made up of individuals and 2,689 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71. There were 22,101 families; the population was spread out with 21,511 people under the age of 18, 8,963 people aged 18 to 24, 26,269 people aged 25 to 44, 26,016 people aged 45 to 64, 9,669 people who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 37.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 112.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.1 males. There were 32,814 housing units at an average density of 1,148.0 per square mile, of which 63.4% were owner-occupied and 36.6% were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.1%. 59.0% of the population lived in owner-occupied housing units and 32.3% lived in rental housing units. As of the 2000 census there were 88,625 people residing in the city; the population density was 1,263.6/km². There were 28,696 housing units at an average density of 409.1/km². The racial makeup of the city was 72.11% White, 10.02% African American, 0.97% Native American, 4.18% Asian, 0.45% Pacific Islander, 6.74% from other races, 5.53% from two or more
Kansas City metropolitan area
The Kansas City metropolitan area is a 14 county metropolitan area anchored by Kansas City and straddling the border between the U. S. states of Kansas. With a population of 2,104,509, it ranks as the second largest metropolitan area centered in Missouri. Alongside Kansas City, the area includes a number of other cities and suburbs, the largest being Overland Park, Kansas; the Mid-America Regional Council serves as the Council of Governments and the Metropolitan Planning Organization for the area. The larger Kansas City Metropolitan Area as seen on a map can be visualized as four quadrants: The map's northeast quadrant is locally referred to as "north of the river" or "the Northland", it includes parts of Missouri including North Kansas City, Missouri. North Kansas City is bounded by a bend in the Missouri River that defines a border between Wyandotte County and Clay County, Missouri running North-South and a border between North Kansas City and Kansas City, Missouri running East-West; the river band's sharpest part forms a peninsula containing the Kansas City Downtown Airport.
The southeast quadrant includes Kansas City and surrounding areas in Missouri. It includes the notorious Grandview Triangle; the southwest quadrant includes all of Johnson County, which includes the towns in the area known as Shawnee Mission, Kansas. Interstate 35 runs diagonally through Johnson County, Kansas from the southwest to downtown Kansas City, Missouri; the northwest quadrant contains Wyandotte County and parts of Platte County, Missouri. Wyandotte County, sometimes referred to as just Wyandotte, which contains Kansas City, Bonner Springs and Edwardsville, Kansas is governed by a single unified government; the Wyandotte government is referred to as "The Unified Government". Another bend in the Missouri River forms the county line between Wyandotte County and Platte County, Missouri to the north and northeast. Downtown always refers to downtown Kansas City, Missouri. Downtown is the Kansas City's historic center, located within Kansas City and containing the city's original town site, business districts, residential neighborhoods.
Downtown is bounded by the Missouri River on the north, the Missouri-Kansas state line on the west, 31st Street on the south and Woodland Avenue on the east. The downtown area includes the Central Business District and its buildings, which form the city's skyline; the Downtown Loop is formed by Interstates 670, 70 and 35. Within the downtown loop are many of the tall buildings and skyscrapers that make up the city's skyline. Within the downtown loop are small, distinct neighborhoods such as Quality Hill, the Garment District, the Financial District, the Convention Center District, the Power and Light District. Other neighborhoods within downtown are the River Market and Columbus Park, both located between the downtown loop and the Missouri River. Between the downtown loop and the state line are the Westside neighborhood and the West Bottoms, located at the bottom of the bluff adjacent to Kaw Point. East of the loop are the 18th & Vine District, the North Bottoms, Northeast Kansas City. South of the loop is the Crossroads District, Union Hill, Crown Center, Hospital Hill, Wendell Phillips, Washington Wheatley.
The Kansas City Convention Center, Municipal Auditorium, City Hall, Lyric Theater, Midland Theatre, Ilus Davis Park, Barney Allis Plaza are within the Central Business District inside the downtown loop. The Sprint Center and the College Basketball Experience are within the Power & Light District within the downtown loop; the Kauffman Center for the Performing Arts is perched upon a high point south of the downtown loop. South of the loop is the Crossroads District, Union Station, Crown Center, the National World War I Museum, Liberty Memorial, Penn Valley Park, Truman Medical Center, Children's Mercy Hospital, the 18th & Vine District. North of the loop are City Market within Richard L. Berkeley Riverfront Park. West of the loop within the West Bottoms are Hale Arena. Midtown is within Kansas City, just south of downtown, bounded by 31st Street on the north, the state line on the west, West Gregory Boulevard on the south, Troost Avenue on the east. Midtown is the core of the metropolitan area, as it contains numerous cultural attractions and entertainment areas, large hospitals and the metro area's most densely populated neighborhoods.
Midtown consists of numerous distinct and historic neighborhoods such as Westport, Hyde Park, Southmoreland. Shopping is centered on the Country Club Plaza, which contains numerous luxury retailers and restaurants. Brookside and Westport contain smaller-scale, neighborhood-oriented, niche-market retailers. Midtown is home to Research Medical Center. Cultural attractions include the Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kemper Museum of Contemporary Art, Uptown Theater, Starlight Theater, the Kansas City Zoo, Loose Park, Swope Park; the last of these contains a soccer complex, home to FC Kansas City of the National Women's Soccer League and the Swope Park Rangers, a United Soccer League team, the official reserve side for the area's Major League Soccer club, Sporting Kansas City. Major educational institutions include the University of Missouri-Kansas City, Rockhurst University, Kansas City Art Institute, Stowers Institute for Medical Research, Midwest Research I
Wichita is the largest city in the U. S. state of Kansas and the county seat of Sedgwick County. As of 2017, the estimated population of the city was 390,591. Wichita is the principal city of the Wichita metropolitan area which had an estimated population of 644,610 in 2015. Located in south-central Kansas on the Arkansas River, Wichita began as a trading post on the Chisholm Trail in the 1860s and was incorporated as a city in 1870, it became a destination for cattle drives traveling north from Texas to Kansas railroads, earning it the nickname "Cowtown."In the 1920s and'30s, businessmen and aeronautical engineers established aircraft manufacturing companies in Wichita, including Beechcraft and Stearman Aircraft. The city became a U. S. aircraft production hub known as "The Air Capital of the World." Textron Aviation, Learjet and Spirit AeroSystems continue to operate design and manufacturing facilities in Wichita, the city remains a major center of the American aircraft industry. Wichita is home to McConnell Air Force Base, Wichita Dwight D. Eisenhower National Airport, the largest airport in Kansas.
As an industrial hub, Wichita is a regional center of culture and trade. It hosts several universities, large museums, theaters and entertainment venues, notably Intrust Bank Arena and Century II Performing Arts & Convention Center; the city's Old Cowtown Museum maintains historical artifacts and exhibits on the city's early history. Wichita State University is the third-largest post-secondary institution in the state. Archaeological evidence indicates human habitation near the confluence of the Arkansas and Little Arkansas Rivers, the site of present-day Wichita, as early as 3000 B. C. In 1541, a Spanish expedition led by explorer Francisco Vázquez de Coronado found the area populated by the Quivira, or Wichita, people. Conflict with the Osage in the 1750s drove the Wichita further south. Prior to American settlement of the region, the site was located in the territory of the Kiowa. Claimed first by France as part of Louisiana and acquired by the United States with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, it became part of Kansas Territory in 1854 and the state of Kansas in 1861.
The Wichita returned in 1864 due to the American Civil War and established a settlement on the banks of the Little Arkansas. During this period, trader Jesse Chisholm established a trading post at the site, one of several along a trail extending south to Texas which became known as the Chisholm Trail. After the war, the Wichita permanently relocated south to Indian Territory. In 1868, trader James R. Mead established another trading post at the site, surveyor Darius Munger built a house for use as a hotel, community center, post office. Business opportunities attracted area hunters and traders, a new settlement began to form; that summer and others organized the Wichita Town Company, naming the settlement after the Wichita tribe. In 1870, Munger and German immigrant William "Dutch Bill" Greiffenstein filed plats laying out the city's first streets. Wichita formally incorporated as a city on July 21, 1870. Wichita's position on the Chisholm Trail made it a destination for cattle drives traveling north from Texas to access railroads which led to markets in eastern U.
S. cities. The Atchison and Santa Fe Railway reached the city in 1872; as a result, Wichita became a railhead for the cattle drives, earning it the nickname "Cowtown". Across the Arkansas River, the town of Delano became an entertainment destination for cattlemen thanks to its saloons and lack of law enforcement; the area had a reputation for violence until local lawmen, Wyatt Earp among them, began to assertively police the cowboys. By the end of the decade, the cattle trade had moved west to Dodge City. Wichita annexed Delano in 1880. Rapid immigration resulted in a speculative land boom in the late 1880s, stimulating further expansion of the city. Fairmount College, which grew into Wichita State University, opened in 1886. By 1890, Wichita had become the third-largest city in the state after Kansas City and Topeka with a population of nearly 24,000. After the boom, the city entered an economic recession, many of the original settlers went bankrupt. In 1914 and 1915, deposits of oil and natural gas were discovered in nearby Butler County.
This triggered another economic boom in Wichita as producers established refineries, fueling stations, headquarters in the city. By 1917, there were five operating refineries in Wichita with another seven built in the 1920s; the careers and fortunes of future oil moguls Archibald Derby, who founded Derby Oil, Fred C. Koch, who established what would become Koch Industries, both began in Wichita during this period; the money generated by the oil boom enabled local entrepreneurs to invest in the nascent airplane manufacturing industry. In 1917, Clyde Cessna built his Cessna Comet in the first aircraft built in the city. In 1920, two local oilmen invited Chicago aircraft builder Emil "Matty" Laird to manufacture his designs in Wichita, leading to the formation of the Swallow Airplane Company. Two early Swallow employees, Lloyd Stearman and Walter Beech, went on to found two prominent Wichita-based companies, Stearman Aircraft in 1926 and Beechcraft in 1932, respectively. Cessna, started his own company in Wichita in 1927.
The city became such a center of the industry that the Aeronautical Chamber of Commerce dubbed it the "Air Capital of the World" in 1929. Over the following decades and aircraft manufacturing continued to drive expansion of the city. In 1934, Stearman's Wichita facilities became part of Boeing which would become the city's largest employer. I
Calgary is a city in the Canadian province of Alberta. It is situated at the confluence of the Bow River and the Elbow River in the south of the province, in an area of foothills and prairie, about 80 km east of the front ranges of the Canadian Rockies; the city anchors the south end of what Statistics Canada defines as the "Calgary–Edmonton Corridor". The city had a population of 1,267,344 in 2018, making it Alberta's largest city and Canada's third-largest municipality. In 2016, Calgary had a metropolitan population of 1,392,609, making it the fourth-largest census metropolitan area in Canada; the economy of Calgary includes activity in the energy, financial services and television, transportation and logistics, manufacturing, aerospace and wellness, tourism sectors. The Calgary CMA is home to the second-highest number of corporate head offices in Canada among the country's 800 largest corporations. In 2015, Calgary had the highest number of millionaires per capita of any major city in Canada.
In 1988, Calgary became the first Canadian city to host the Winter Olympic Games. Calgary has been recognized for its high quality of life. In 2018, The Economist magazine ranked Calgary the fourth-most liveable city in the world in their Global Liveability Ranking. Calgary is classed as a Beta global city. Calgary was named after Calgary on the Isle of Scotland. In turn, the name originates from a compound of kald and gart, similar Old Norse words, meaning "cold" and "garden" used when named by the Vikings who inhabited the Inner Hebrides. Alternatively, the name might be Gaelic Cala ghearraidh, meaning "beach of the meadow", or Gaelic for either "clear running water" or "bay farm"; the indigenous peoples of Southern Alberta referred to the Calgary area as "elbow", in reference to the sharp bend made by the Bow River and the Elbow River. In some cases, the area was named after the reeds that grew along the riverbanks, which were used to fashion bows. In the Blackfoot language, the area was known as Mohkínstsis akápiyoyis, meaning "elbow many houses", reflecting its strong settler presence.
The shorter form of the Blackfoot name, Mohkínstsis meaning "elbow", has been the popular Indigenous term for the Calgary area. In the Nakoda language, the area is known as Wincheesh-pah or Wenchi Ispase, both meaning "elbow". In the Nehiyaw Language, the area was known as Otoskwanik meaning "house at the elbow" or Otoskwunee meaning "elbow". In the Tsuut'ina language, the area is known as Kootsisáw meaning "elbow". In the Slavey language, the area was known as Klincho-tinay-indihay meaning "many horse town", referring to the Calgary Stampede and the city's settler heritage. There have been several attempts to revive the indigenous names of Calgary. In response to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, local post-secondary institutions have adopted "official acknowledgements" of indigenous territory using the Blackfoot name of the City, Mohkínstsis. In 2017, the Stoney Nakoda sent an application to the Government of Alberta, to rename Calgary as Wichispa Oyade meaning "elbow town", however this has been challenged by the Piikani Blackfoot.
The Calgary area was inhabited by pre-Clovis people whose presence has been traced back at least 11,000 years. The area has been inhabited by the Niitsitapi, îyârhe Nakoda, the Tsuut'ina First Nations peoples and Métis Nation, Region 3; as Mayor Naheed Nenshi describes, "There have always been people here. In Biblical times there were people here. For generations beyond number, people have come here to this land, drawn here by the water, they come here to fish. He was the first recorded European to visit the area. John Glenn was the first documented European settler in the Calgary area, in 1873. In 1875, the site became a post of the North-West Mounted Police; the NWMP detachment was assigned to protect the western plains from US whisky traders, to protect the fur trade. Named Fort Brisebois, after NWMP officer Éphrem-A. Brisebois, it was renamed Fort Calgary in 1876 by Colonel James Macleod; when the Canadian Pacific Railway reached the area in 1883, a rail station was constructed, Calgary began to grow into an important commercial and agricultural centre.
Over a century the Canadian Pacific Railway headquarters moved to Calgary from Montreal in 1996. Calgary was incorporated as a town in 1884, elected its first mayor, George Murdoch. In 1894, it was incorporated as "The City of Calgary" in what was the North-West Territories; the Calgary Police Service was established in 1885 and assumed municipal, local duties from the NWMP. The Calgary Fire of 1886 occurred on November 7, 1886. Fourteen buildings were destroyed with losses estimated at $103,200. Although no one was killed or injured, city officials drafted a law requiring all large downtown buildings to be built with Paskapoo sandstone, to prevent this from happening again. After the arrival of the railway, the Dominion Government started leasing grazing land at minimal cost; as a result of this policy, large ranching operations were established in the outlying country near Calgary. A transportation and distribution hub, Calgary became the centre of Canada's cattle marketing and meatpacking industries.
By the late 19th century, the Hud
Columbus is the state capital of and the most populous city in the U. S. state of Ohio. With a population of 879,170 as of 2017 estimates, it is the 14th-most populous city in the United States and one of the fastest growing large cities in the nation; this makes Columbus the third-most populous state capital in the US and the second-most populous city in the Midwest. It is the core city of the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses ten counties. With a population of 2,078,725, it is Ohio's second-largest metropolitan area. Columbus is the county seat of Franklin County; the municipality has annexed portions of adjoining Delaware and Fairfield counties. Named for explorer Christopher Columbus, the city was founded in 1812 at the confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers, assumed the functions of state capital in 1816; the city has a diverse economy based on education, insurance, defense, food, logistics, energy, medical research, health care, hospitality and technology.
Columbus Region is home to the Battelle Memorial Institute, the world's largest private research and development foundation. As of 2018 the city has the headquarters of four corporations in the U. S. Fortune 500: American Electric Power, Cardinal Health, L Brands and Big Lots, just out of the top 500. In 2016, Money Magazine ranked Columbus as one of "The 6 Best Big Cities", calling it the best in the Midwest, citing a educated workforce and excellent wage growth. In 2012, Columbus was ranked in BusinessWeek's 50 best cities in the United States. In 2013, Forbes gave Columbus an "A" grade as one of the top cities for business in the U. S. and that year included the city on its list of Best Places for Business and Careers. Columbus was ranked as the No. 1 up-and-coming tech city in the nation by Forbes in 2008, the city was ranked a top-ten city by Relocate America in 2010. In 2007, fDi Magazine ranked the city no. 3 in the U. S. for cities of the future, the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium was rated no. 1 in 2009 by USA Travel Guide.
The area including modern-day Columbus once comprised the Ohio Country, under the nominal control of the French colonial empire through the Viceroyalty of New France from 1663 until 1763. In the 18th century, European traders flocked to the area, attracted by the fur trade; the area found itself caught between warring factions, including American Indian and European interests. In the 1740s, Pennsylvania traders overran the territory. In the early 1750s, the Ohio Company sent George Washington to the Ohio Country to survey. Fighting for control of the territory in the French and Indian War became part of the international Seven Years' War. During this period, the region suffered turmoil and battles; the 1763 Treaty of Paris ceded the Ohio Country to the British Empire. After the American Revolution, the Virginia Military District became part of Ohio Country as a territory of Virginia. Colonists from the East Coast moved in, but rather than finding an empty frontier, they encountered people of the Miami, Wyandot and Mingo nations, as well as European traders.
The tribes resisted expansion by the fledgling United States. The decisive Battle of Fallen Timbers resulted in the Treaty of Greenville, which opened the way for new settlements. By 1797, a young surveyor from Virginia named Lucas Sullivant had founded a permanent settlement on the west bank of the forks of the Scioto River and Olentangy River. An admirer of Benjamin Franklin, Sullivant chose to name his frontier village "Franklinton"; the location was desirable for its proximity to navigable rivers—but Sullivant was foiled when, in 1798, a large flood wiped out the new settlement. He persevered, the village was rebuilt. After Ohio achieved statehood in 1803, political infighting among prominent Ohio leaders led to the state capital moving from Chillicothe to Zanesville and back again. Desiring to settle on a location, the state legislature considered Franklinton, Dublin and Delaware before compromising on a plan to build a new city in the state's center, near major transportation routes rivers.
Named in honor of Christopher Columbus, the city was founded on February 14, 1812, on the "High Banks opposite Franklinton at the Forks of the Scioto most known as Wolf's Ridge." At the time, this area was a dense forestland, used only as a hunting ground. The "Burough of Columbus" was established on February 10, 1816. Nine people were elected to fill the various positions of Mayor and several others. In 1816-1817, Jarvis W. Pike would serve as the 1st Mayor. Although the recent War of 1812 had brought prosperity to the area, the subsequent recession and conflicting claims to the land threatened the new town's success. Early conditions were abysmal with frequent bouts of fevers and an outbreak of cholera in 1833; the National Road reached Columbus from Baltimore in 1831, which complemented the city's new link to the Ohio and Erie Canal and facilitated a population boom. A wave of European immigrants led to the creation of two ethnic enclaves on the city's outskirts. A large Irish population settled in the north along Naghten Street, while the Germans took advantage of the cheap land to the south, creating a community that came to be known as t
Lincoln is the second studio album by the band They Might Be Giants. It was released by Bar/None in 1988; the album is named after the capital city of Lincoln and John Linnell and John Flansburgh's boyhood home of Lincoln, Massachusetts. The album produced three singles — "Ana Ng", "They'll Need a Crane", "Purple Toupee", it is included on Then: The Earlier Years, a compilation of the band's early material, in its entirety. Lincoln maintains the range of musical styles present on the previous album, They Might Be Giants, lyrically attempts to merge word play into narrative songs. Lyrical themes are broadened with the inclusion of songs detailing troubled romantic relationships, songs that verge on social or political satire, whereas musically, the album explores a number of genres. For example, songs such as "Cowtown" and "Mr. Me" incorporate elements of sea shanties, while "Lie Still, Little Bottle" suggests a jazz influence. Like previous releases, Lincoln does not utilize a full band arrangement.
Instead and drum tracks are synthetic or sampled, with the exception of "Lie Still, Little Bottle"'s live drums. The drum tracks on the album were produced with an Alesis HR-16 drum machine; the album featured The Ordinaires, a nonet, signed to the Bar/None label, providing the string arrangement for "Kiss Me, Son of God". The cover art depicts a shrine built by Brian Dewan, photographed by Carol Kitman. Two different versions of the cover photograph exist: one, used for domestic releases, another, used for all releases outside the United States, with the exception of the Australian releases and Italian CD; the two men pictured behind the podiums in the shrine are John Linnell's great-grandfather, Lewis T. Linnell and Flansburgh's maternal grandfather, Brigadier General Ralph Hospital; the artwork for the album was designed by John Flansburgh. The CD and LP labels feature diagrams of an accordion and accordion case, which were drawn by John Linnell. Lincoln received positive reviews. David Kissinger of Rolling Stone called the album "every bit as eccentric as its predecessor, more eclectic", though this was supplemented with the disclaimer that "t times this penchant for the bizarre leads them into pointlessly sophomoric zaniness".
Robert Christgau of The Village Voice described the band as "actively annoying if intelligence is all you ask of your art-pop" and called the album's hooks "cleverness for cleverness's sake", nonetheless conceding that "damned clever they are." The album placed at number 78 on Pitchfork's 100 Best Albums of the 1980s. The album peaked at number 89 on the Billboard Top Pop Albums chart in 1989, spending 19 weeks on that chart, its success led to They Might Be Giants' signing to the major label Elektra Records in 1990. Lincoln generated the band's first charting single, "Ana Ng", which peaked at number 11 on the Billboard Modern Rock Tracks chart; the single, only released promotionally in the United States received positive attention. Christgau praised it as "a beyond-perfect tour de force about a Vietnamese woman they never got to meet"; the other singles from the album, "They'll Need a Crane" and "Purple Toupee", failed to chart, though both songs and the track "Kiss Me, Son of God" received praise from Stewart Mason of Allmusic.
All tracks written by They Might Be Giants. They Might Be GiantsJohn Flansburgh - vocals, programming, glockenspiel, melodica John Linnell - vocals, keyboards, autoharp, clarinets, programmingAdditional musiciansDr. Kenneth Nolan - drums on track 3 The Ordinaires - string arrangement on track 18ProductionBill Krauss - producer Al Houghton - engineer Brian Dewan - cover art Carol Kitman - cover photography Lincoln at This Might Be A Wiki
Cowtown Guitars was a vintage guitar shop located in Las Vegas, owned by husband and wife and Roxie Amoroso. The shop was well known for having one of the largest collection of vintage guitars in North America and boasted a client list of celebrities, which includes Carlos Santana and Imagine Dragons. Owner Jesse Amoroso has appeared several times as the vintage guitar expert on the History Channel's hit reality television series Pawn Stars; the shop closed in 2019 following a prolonged decline in other business ventures run by the Amorosos. Cowtown was opened in 1990 by Mark Chatfield in the Shapter Center strip mall at the corner of Rt. 161 and N. Meadows Blvd on the north side of Columbus, Ohio; the store was operated by Chatfield, who toured as Bob Seger's guitarist, until he sold the business to longtime employees Jesse and Roxie Amoroso in 2011. After owning the store for less than a year and Roxie Amoroso moved Cowtown to a new location located in the arts district of downtown Las Vegas.
The shop was now closer to the Gold & Silver Pawn Shop, where Amoroso continues to do appraisals for Pawn Stars. With the success of shows like Pawn Stars, American Restoration, both of which are filmed in downtown Las Vegas, there have been rumors of Cowtown Guitars acquiring their own reality television series. In 2012, Cowtown became the official broker of a 1963 Fender Stratocaster once owned by Jimi Hendrix. Jesse Amoroso was one of three vintage guitar experts to appraise the guitar, after, authenticated by the specific modifications made by Hendrix its unusual green pickguard, a telltale black mark on the inside of the electronics compartment; these details were confirmed by Amoroso along with Hendrix's brother, who remembered seeing the guitar around the apartment he shared with Jimi in the 1960s. The guitar belonged to studio head Henry "Juggy" Murray at Juggy Sound, it is believed that Hendrix used the guitar to record Blues in ¾" and My Friend for a Noel Redding solo album. When Cowtown Guitars relocated in early 2012, guitarist Jake E. Lee agreed to cut the ribbon at the grand reopening ceremony.
In June 2013, Jesse and the Stratocaster visited Seymour Duncan who had custom wound the pickups for Hendrix in the 1960s. Duncan pickguard. Jesse and Roxie Amoroso are musicians who have perform together in the Las Vegas based rock bands Crazy Chief and The Loud Pipes, they were married in the home of Roxie's parents on June 6, 2006. Together, they have three children, one of whom is named Gibson Felix after the famous guitar manufacturer. Self-proclaimed "soul-mates," the couple have been known to dress in public while together. In 2019, the couple are headed toward divorce. In October 2005 Jesse and Roxie opened The Clubhouse, a large rehearsal facility, run by the couple's production company Revenge Therapy Productions; the 3 story building contained eight rehearsal rooms of varying sizes, with a single large rehearsal room on the top floor equipped with a considerable amount of amenities and a view of the Las Vegas Strip. Epic Records band Mudvayne was a client of The Clubhouse before it closed when a partner of the Amoroso's pulled out.
Jesse Amoroso is a guitarist of Crazy Chief, The Loud Pipes, Cyanide Blues, Pigasus, a band Jesse once described as sounding like "God screaming at the top of his lungs". Jesse is co-owner of Cowtown Guitars with wife Roxie, his main expertise lies in vintage stringed instruments and amplifiers, which he appraises for the reality television series Pawn Stars on the History Channel. When asked by the Las Vegas Sun to comment on his marriage, Jesse said, "It's kind of a blessing and a curse, because you’re in a relationship with someone who's a musician and understands being in a band and stuff, but you don’t have that voice of reason that some people do."Jennifer "Roxie" Amoroso moved to Las Vegas from Death Valley, CA when she was 18 and began designing costumes for casinos around town before starting a screen printing business. She became well known as a live music promoter who has booked for several local venues around Las Vegas, which include Boomers Bar, East Bonanza Theatre, Texas Station Casino's South Padre Lounge, The Roadhouse Casino, Squiggy's Bar, The Las Vegas Country Saloon, The Clubhouse.
Her colorful personality earned her a reputation among her peers in Las Vegas. In January 2006, Roxie made Las Vegas CityLife's top 5 list of "Women in the Local Music Scene You Definitely Don't Want to Piss Off". Roxie was Vice Chair of the Clark County Animal Control Advisory Committee in Las Vegas. In April 2018, Roxie Amoroso became part owner and managing member of Beauty Bar Las Vegas, a popular bar and music venue in Downtown Las Vegas; this change in ownership was announced in the press the following August. The announcement delay can be attributed to a number of issues plaguing the bar, including the death of Pantera/Hellyeah drummer Vinnie Paul, seen partying at Beauty Bar Las Vegas hours prior to his passing. In March 2019, Beauty Bar Las Vegas was served an eviction notice citing "lewd activity" and "disorder". Las Vegas Metropolitan Police confirmed several visits to Beauty Bar Las Vegas, with one investigation revealing an employee selling drugs from within the business. On April 1st, 2019, a second eviction notice was posted on Beauty Bar Las Vegas shuttering the business.
On April 3rd, 2019, Las Vegas City Council met to discuss possible action regarding the approval of Beauty Bar Las Vegas's tavern-limited license, which governs alcohol beverage sales. The Council voted to revoke Roxie Amoroso's temporary license and deny her application for a permanent license based on several city and county violations. In the meeting, City o