Greenville, North Carolina
Greenville is the county seat and the most populous city in Pitt County, North Carolina, United States. S. state of North Carolina. Greenville is the health and educational hub of North Carolina's Tidewater and Coastal Plain; the city's official population as of the 2017 United States census estimate is 92,156 residents while the Greenville Metropolitan Area includes 179,042 people, making Greenville one of the densest municipalities in the state. In January 2008 and January 2010, Greenville was named one of the nation's "100 Best Communities for Young People" by the America's Promise Alliance. In June 2012, Greenville was ranked in the top ten of the nation's "Best Small Places For Business And Careers" by Forbes magazine. In 2010 Greenville was ranked twenty-fourth in mid-city business growth and development by Forbes Magazine; the city was known as "BMX Pro Town USA", as it is home for many top professional BMX riders. Greenville is the home of East Carolina University, the fourth-largest university in the University of North Carolina system, Vidant Medical Center, the flagship hospital for Vidant Health and the teaching hospital for the Brody School of Medicine.
The city has the fifth-highest percentage of residents in North Carolina – 30 percent – who have obtained bachelor's degrees. Greenville was founded in 1771 after the Royal Governor Josiah Martin. In 1774 the town was moved to its present location on the south bank of the Tar River, three miles west of its original site. In 1786, the name was changed to Greenesville in honor of General Nathanael Greene, the American Revolutionary War hero, it was shortened to Greenville. During Greenville's early years, the Tar River was a navigable waterway. Cotton was the leading agricultural crop, Greenville became a major cotton export center. Before the turn of the century, tobacco surpassed cotton and became the leading money crop. Greenville became one of the state's leading tobacco warehouse centers. For over a century, Greenville was recognized only as an important tobacco market and the home of a small state-supported college, charted by the Legislature in March 1907 and named East Carolina Teacher's Training School, a co-ed institution.
By the mid 1960s, East Carolina College had become the third-largest state-supported college, enrollment approached 8,000 students — twice the 1960 enrollment figure. In 1967, it became East Carolina University. ECU Medical School admitted its first four-year class in 1977. At the turn of the century, enrollment at ECU topped the 18,000 mark, now exceeds 27,500 students. Greenville's current economic development began in 1968 when Burroughs Wellcome, a major pharmaceutical research and manufacturing firm, located in the city; the site is now owned by Patheon, which employs 1,200 people. The city and Pitt County have become home to many other major industries and businesses including Harper Brush, Hyster-Yale Materials Handling Group, Grady-White Boats, ASMO. Greenville is home to The HammockSource, the world's largest hammock manufacturer. In September 1999, Hurricane Floyd made landfall in eastern North Carolina, dropping nearly 17 inches of rain during the hours of its passage. Many residents were not aware of the flooding.
Most localized flooding happened overnight, the Tar River suffered the worst flooding, exceeding 500-year flood levels along its lower stretches. An additional 20+ inches of rain had fallen prior in the month from the two passes of Hurricane Dennis. Damages in Pitt County alone were estimated at $1.6 billion. Some residents in Greenville had to swim six feet underwater to reach the front doors of their homes and apartments. Due to the heavy flooding in downtown Greenville, the East Carolina Pirates were forced to relocate their football game against #9 Miami to N. C. State's Carter–Finley Stadium in Raleigh, where they beat the Hurricanes, 27–23; the College View Historic District, Dickinson Avenue Historic District, E. B. Ficklen House, James L. Fleming House, Greenville Commercial Historic District, Greenville Tobacco Warehouse Historic District, Robert Lee Humber House, Jones-Lee House, William H. Long House, Jesse R. Moye House, Pitt County Courthouse, Skinnerville-Greenville Heights Historic District, U.
S. Post Office are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Greenville is located at 35°36′6″N 77°22′21″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 26.3 square miles, of which, 25.6 square miles of it is land and 0.7 square miles of it is water. It is located in the inner Coastal Plain. Like most of the state and all of its lower areas, Greenville has a humid subtropical climate. Greenville is within the Middle Atlantic Coastal Forests ecoregion of the much larger Tropical and subtropical coniferous forest biome; as of the census of 2010, there are 174,263 residents in the Greenville MSA, 130,204 households, 110,997 residents residing within five miles of the city limit. The population density was 2,364.6 people per square mile making Greenville the densest city in Eastern North Carolina. There are 130,204 housing units at an average density of 1,100.4 per square mile. The racial composition of the city is: 60.20% White, 32.14% African American, 5.06% Hispanic or Latino American, 1.82% Asian American, 0.80% Native American, 0.04% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, 1.01% some other race
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Lufkin is a city in and the county seat of Angelina County in eastern Texas, United States. This city is 120 miles northeast of Houston. Founded in 1882, the population was 35,837 at the 2017 census. Lufkin is situated in Deep East Texas; the city is named for a cotton merchant and Galveston city councilman. Lufkin was the father-in-law of Paul Bremond, president of the Houston and West Texas Railway which developed the town. In 1906 while living in Lufkin, writer Katherine Anne Porter married her first husband John Henry Koontze in a double ring ceremony that had her sister Gay Porter marry T. H. Holloway; the minister who presided over the ceremony was Rev. Ira Bryce, serving at the time at Lufkin's First Methodist Church. In 1907, Allan Shivers, the 37th Governor of Texas, was born in Lufkin, he served as governor from 1949 to 1957. Debris from the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster fell over the Lufkin area on February 1, 2003. Lufkin celebrated its 125th anniversary in October 2007. A Little League Baseball team from Lufkin known as The Thundering 13 won the U.
S. Championship at the 2017 Little League World Series in Williamsport, Pennsylvania; the team finished as runners-up in the tournament behind a team from Japan. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 34.5 square miles, of which, 34.2 square miles of it is land and 0.3 square miles is covered by water. Lufkin is at the crossroads of East Texas at the intersections of Highways US 59, future Interstate 69, which leads to Houston and the Rio Grande Valley to the south and Nacogdoches and Texarkana to the north, US 69, which leads from the Golden Triangle of southeast Texas to points such as Jacksonville, Tyler and Oklahoma to the north. Lufkin is 120 miles northeast of Houston; the headquarters of all four United States National Forests and two United States National Grasslands in Texas are located in Lufkin. They are the Angelina, Davy Crockett and Sam Houston National Forests, the Caddo and Lyndon B. Johnson National Grasslands. On average, the warmest month is August.
The highest recorded temperature was 110 °F in 1909. On average, the coolest month is January; the lowest recorded temperature was -2 °F in 1930. The maximum average precipitation occurs in May; as of the census of 2000, 32,709 people, 12,247 households, 8,364 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,225.1 people per square mile. The 13,402 housing units averaged 502.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 59.92% White, 26.58% African American, 0.26% Native American, 1.37% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 10.31% from other races, 1.54% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 17.59% of the population. Of the 12,247 households, 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.7% were not families. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.17. In the city, the population was distributed as 27.0% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $32,989, for a family was $40,591. Males had a median income of $30,922 versus $20,008 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,613. About 15.0% of families and 18.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.4% of those under age 18 and 12.6% of those age 65 or over. Lufkin is home to Lufkin Industries, which manufactures and services oil field equipment and power transmission equipment, supplies of creosote-treated utility poles, it is home to the Atkinson Candy Company, the creator of the Chick-O-Stick, Brookshire Brothers, a chain of grocery stores in Texas and Louisiana. Lufkin received Texas's first biomass power plant in late 2009. Aspen Power is building the power plant; some of the city's major employers include: Angelina College, community college with enrollment of 5,000 Atkinson Candy Company and headquartered in Lufkin, makers of Chick-O-Stick Brookshire Brothers, a regional grocery company founded and headquartered in Lufkin Lufkin Industries and headquartered in Lufkin, oil pumping and power transmission equipment manufacturer Lufkin Independent School District Pilgrim's, poultry processor that employs more than 1,500 people Stephen F. Austin State University, state university Temple-Inland is Fortune 500 company that produces paper and other related products.
Headquartered in Diboll, 15 miles south of Lufkin, it has employment in Lufkin, as well. Temple-Inland was sold to International Paper.)According to the city's 2019 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: Ellen Trout Zoo, public zoo owned by the City of Lufkin with more than 500 animals Ellen Trout Park, public park with a lake and playgrounds Crown Colony Country Club Golf Course, third-rated golf course in Texas by The Dallas Morning News Texas Forestry Museum, features exhibits about forestry of the Lufkin and East Texas area. Museum of East Texas, exhibits on regional history and art Lufkin Azalea Trail, 1.9-mile public nature trail Medford Collection of American Western Art, contemporary art collection at the Lufkin City Hall Downtown Walking Tour, tour through historic downtown Lufkin First United Me
Marshall is a city in and the county seat of Harrison County in northeastern Texas in the United States. Marshall is a major educational center in East Texas and the tri-state area. At the 2010 census, the population of Marshall was 23,523; the population of the Marshall Micropolitan Area, comprising all of Harrison County, was 65,631 in 2010. Marshall was a production center of the Confederacy during the Civil War, it was a major railroad center of the T&P Railroad from the late 19th century until the mid-20th century. Activists in the city's large African American population worked to create social change through the Civil Rights Movement, with considerable support from the black colleges and universities here; the city is known for holding one of the largest light festivals in the United States, the "Wonderland of Lights". It identifies as the self-proclaimed "Pottery Capital of the World", for its sizable pottery industry. Marshall is referred to by various nicknames: the "Cultural Capital of East Texas", the "Gateway of Texas", the "Athens of Texas", the "City of Seven Flags", "Center Stage", a branding slogan adopted by the Marshall Convention and Visitors Bureau.
This area of Texas was developed for cotton plantations. Planters bought them in the domestic slave trade, it had a higher proportion of slaves than other regions of the state, the wealth of the county depended on slave labor and the cotton market. The city was founded in 1841 as the seat of Harrison County after failed attempts to establish a county seat on the Sabine River, it was incorporated in 1843. The Republic of Texas decided to choose the land donated for the seat by Peter Whetstone and Isaac Van Zandt after Whetstone had proven that the hilly location had a good water source; the city became a major city in the state because of its position as a gateway to Texas. The founding of several colleges, including a number of seminaries, teaching colleges, incipient universities, earned Marshall the nickname "the Athens of Texas", in reference to the ancient Greek city-state; the city's growing importance was confirmed when Marshall was linked by a telegraph line to New Orleans. By 1860, Marshall was the seat of its richest county.
Developed as cotton plantations, the county held more slaves than any other in the state. Many planters and other whites were anti-Union because of their investment in slavery, but some residents of Marshall fought for the North. For example, brothers Lionel and Emmanuel Kahn, Jewish merchants in Marshall, fought on opposing sides in the conflict; when Governor Sam Houston refused to take an oath of allegiance to the Confederacy, Marshall's Edward Clark was sworn in as governor. Pendleton Murrah, Texas's third Confederate governor, was from Marshall; the city became a major Confederate supply depot and manufactory of gunpowder for the Confederate Army, hosted three conferences of Trans-Mississippi and Indian Territory leaders. The city was used as the capital of the exiled Confederate government of Missouri, earning it the nickname the "City of Seven Flags"; this was a nod to the flag of Missouri, in addition to the six flags of nations and republics that have flown over the city. Marshall became the seat of Confederate civil authority and headquarters of the Trans-Mississippi Postal Department after the fall of Vicksburg.
The city may have been the intended target of a failed Union advance, rebuffed at Mansfield, Louisiana. Toward the end of the Civil War, the Confederate government had $9.0 million in Treasury notes and $3.0 million in postage stamps shipped to Marshall. They may have intended Marshall as the destination of a government preparing to flee from advancing armies. Marshall was occupied by Union forces on June 17, 1865. During Reconstruction, the city was home to an office of the Freedmen's Bureau and was the base for federal troops. In 1873 the Methodist Episcopal Church founded Wiley College to educate freedmen. African Americans came to the city seeking opportunities and protection until 1878; the White Citizens Party, led by former Confederate General Walter P. Lane and his brother George, took control of the city and county governments, their militia ran Unionists and many African Americans out of town. The Lanes declared Marshall and Harrison County "redeemed" from Union and African-American control.
Despite this the African-American community continued to progress. Bishop College was founded in 1881, Wiley College was certified by the Freedman's Aid Society in 1882. Marshall's "Railroad Era" began in the early 1870s. Harrison County citizens voted to offer $300,000 bond subsidy, the City of Marshall offered to donate land north of the downtown to the Texas and Pacific Railway if the company would establish a center in Marshall. T&P President Jay Gould accepted the business incentive, locating the T&P's workshops and general offices for Texas in Marshall; the city had a population explosion from workers attracted to the potential for new jobs here. By 1880 the city was one of the South's largest cotton markets, with crops and other products shipped by the railroad; the city's new prosperity was shown by the opening of J. Weisman and Co. the first department store in Texas. When one light bulb was installed in the Texas and Pacific Depot, Marshall became the first city in Texas to have electricity.
Some nationally known crimes were tried here, including the trials for the attempted murder of Maurice Barrymore. During this period of wealth, many of the city's now historic ho
The Atlanta Journal-Constitution
The Atlanta Journal-Constitution is the only major daily newspaper in the metropolitan area of Atlanta, United States. It is the flagship publication of Cox Enterprises; the Atlanta Journal-Constitution is the result of the merger between The Atlanta Journal and The Atlanta Constitution. The two staffs were combined in 1982. Separate publication of the morning Constitution and afternoon Journal ended in 2001 in favor of a single morning paper under the Journal-Constitution name; the AJC has its headquarters in the Atlanta suburb of Georgia. It is co-owned with television flagship WSB-TV and six radio stations, which are located separately in midtown Atlanta. Past issues of the newspaper are archived in the United States Library of Congress; the Atlanta Journal was established in 1883. Founder E. F. Hoge sold the paper to Atlanta lawyer Hoke Smith in 1887. After the Journal supported Presidential candidate Grover Cleveland in the 1892 election, Smith was named as Secretary of the Interior by the victorious Cleveland.
Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist Margaret Mitchell worked for the Journal from 1922 to 1926. Important for the development of her 1936 Gone With the Wind were the series of profiles of prominent Georgia Civil War generals she wrote for The Atlanta Journal's Sunday magazine, the research for which, scholars believe, led her to her work on the novel. In 1922, the Journal founded one of the first radio broadcasting stations in the South, WSB; the radio station and the newspaper were sold in 1939 to James Middleton Cox, founder of what would become Cox Enterprises. The Journal carried the motto "Covers Dixie like the Dew". In 1868, Carey Wentworth Styles, along with his joint venture partners James Anderson and William Hemphill purchased a small newspaper, the Atlanta Daily Opinion which they re-named; the Constitution, as it was known, was first published on June 16, 1868. Its name changed to The Atlanta Constitution in October 1869. Hemphill became the business manager, a position that he retained until 1901.
When Styles was unable to liquidate his holdings in an Albany newspaper, he could not pay for his purchase of the Constitution. He was forced to surrender his interest in the paper to Anderson and Hemphill, who each owned one half. In 1870 Anderson sold his one half interest in the paper to Col. E. Y. Clarke. In active competition with other Atlanta newspapers, Hemphill hired special trains to deliver newspapers to the Macon marketplace; the newspaper became such a force that by 1871 it had overwhelmed the Daily Intelligencer, the only Atlanta paper to survive the American Civil War. In August 1875 its name changed to The Atlanta Daily Constitution for two weeks to The Constitution again for about a year. In 1876 Captain Evan Howell purchased the 50 percent interest in the paper from E. Y. Clarke, became its editor-in-chief; that same year, Joel Chandler Harris began writing for the paper. He soon created the character of Uncle Remus, a black storyteller, as a way of recounting stories from African-American culture.
The Howell family would own full interest in the paper from 1902 until 1950. In October 1876 the newspaper was renamed as The Daily Constitution, before settling on the name The Atlanta Constitution in September 1881. During the 1880s, editor Henry W. Grady was a spokesman for the "New South", encouraging industrial development as well as the founding of Georgia Tech in Atlanta. Evan Howell's family would come to own The Atlanta Constitution from 1902 to 1950; the Constitution established one of the first radio broadcasting stations, WGM, which began operating on March 17, 1922, two days after the debut of the Journal's WSB. However, WGM ceased operations after just over a year, its equipment was donated to what was known as Georgia School of Technology, which used it to help launch WBBF in January 1924. In late 1947, the Constitution established radio station WCON. Subsequently, it received approval to begin operating an FM station, WCON-FM 98.5 mHz, a TV station, WCON-TV, on channel 2. But the 1950 merger with the Journal required major adjustments.
Contemporary Federal Communications Commission "duopoly" regulations disallowed owning more than one AM, FM or TV station in a given market, the Atlanta Journal owned WSB AM 750 and WSB-FM 104.5, as well as WSB-TV on channel 8. In order to comply with the duopoly restrictions, WCON and the original WSB-FM were shut down; the WCON-TV construction permit was canceled, WSB-TV was allowed to move from channel 8 to channel 2. In addition, in order to standardize with its sister stations, WCON-FM's call letters were changed to WSB-FM. Ralph McGill, editor for the Constitution in the 1940s, was one of the few southern newspaper editors to support the American Civil Rights Movement. Other noteworthy editors of The Atlanta Constitution include J. Reginald Murphy. "Reg" Murphy gained notoriety after being kidnapped in 1974. Murphy moved to the West Coast and served as editor of the San Francisco Examiner. From the 1970s until his death in 1994, Lewis Grizzard was a popular humor columnist for the Constitution.
He portrayed Southern "redneck" culture with a mixture of respect. The Constitution won numerous Pulitzer Prizes. In 1931 it won a Pulitzer Prize for Public Service for exposing corruption at the local level. In 1959, The Constitution won a Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Writing for Ralph McGill's editorial "A Church, A School....". In 1967 it was awarded another Pulitzer Prize for Eugene Patterson's editorials. In 1960, Jack Nelson won the Pulitzer Prize for local reporting, by exposing abuses at Milledgeville Stat
Nacogdoches is a small city in East Texas and the county seat of Nacogdoches County, United States. The 2010 U. S. Census recorded the city's population to be 32,996. Nacogdoches is a sister city of the smaller and similarly-named Natchitoches, the third-largest city in the Southern Ark-La-Tex. Nacogdoches is the home of Texas' largest azalea garden. Local promotional literature from the Nacogdoches Convention and Visitors Bureau describes Nacogdoches as “the oldest town in Texas”. Evidence of settlement at the same site dates back to 10,000 years ago, it is on the site of Nevantin, the primary village of the Nacogdoche tribe of Caddo Indians. Nacogdoches remained a Caddo Indian settlement until the early 19th century. In 1716, Spain established a mission there, Mission Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe de los Nacogdoches; that was the first European construction in the area. The “town” of Nacogdoches got started after the French had vacated the region, Spanish officials decided that maintaining the mission was too costly.
In 1772, they ordered all settlers in the area to move to San Antonio. Some were eager to escape the wilderness, it was one of the original European settlements in the region, populated by Adaeseños from Fort Los Adaes. Colonel Antonio Gil Y'Barbo, a prominent Spanish trader, emerged as the leader of the settlers, in the spring of 1779, he led a group back to Nacogdoches; that summer, Nacogdoches received designation from Spain as a pueblo, or town, thereby making it the first “town” in Texas. Y'Barbo, as lieutenant governor of the new town, established the rules and laws for local government, he laid out streets with the intersecting El Camino Real and La Calle del Norte/North Street as the central point. On the main thoroughfare, he built a stone house for use in his trading business; the house, or Old Stone Fort as it is known today, became a gateway from the United States to the Texas frontier. The city has been under more flags than the state of Texas. In addition to the Six Flags of Texas, it flew under the flags of the Magee-Gutierrez Republic, the Long Republic, the Fredonian Rebellion.
People from the United States began moving to settle in Nacogdoches in 1820 and Texas' first English-language newspaper was published there. However, the first newspaper published was in Spanish. An edition of the newspaper is shown at the local museum. In 1832, the Battle of Nacogdoches brought many local settlers together, as they united in their stand to support a federalist form of government, their successful venture drove the Mexican military from East Texas. Thomas Jefferson Rusk was one of the most prominent early Nacogdoches Anglo settlers. A veteran of the Texas Revolution, hero of San Jacinto, he signed the Texas Declaration of Independence and was secretary of war during the Republic of Texas, he was president of the Texas Statehood Commission and served as one of the first two Texas U. S. Senators along with Sam Houston, he worked to establish Nacogdoches University, which operated from 1845 to 1895. The Old Nacogdoches University Building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1971.
Rusk suffered from depression as a result of the untimely death of his wife, killed himself on July 29, 1857. Sam Houston lived in Nacogdoches for four years prior to the Texas Revolution and opened a law office downtown, he courted Anna Raguet, daughter of one of the leading citizens, but Anna rejected him after finding that he was not divorced from his first wife Eliza Allen of Tennessee. William Goins, the son of a white mother and black father, operated a local inn, trucking service, blacksmith works and maintained a plantation outside Nacogdoches on Goins Hill, he was owned slaves. He was appointed as an agent to treat with the Cherokees and was prominent in providing assistance to the Texas Army during the Revolution. Adolphus Sterne was a merchant of German Jewish extraction, he was visited by famous luminaries such as Sam Houston, Thomas Rusk, Chief Bowles, David Crockett, many others, so his diary is one of the best sources for early Nacogdoches history. Nacogdoches contains one of the last surviving family-owned homestead plantations in East Texas, the August Tubbe Plantation and operated by the same family which established it in 1859.
August Tubbe was a German-born immigrant, who with his elderly mother, left Germany in 1858 and arrived in Nacogdoches by 1859. Their lives are recounted in several books, including a historical fiction novel by Gisela Laudi entitled “This is what I want to give ye report on. Tubbe plantation is significant in the formation of early life in East Texas, not only in its cotton and sugarcane, but because it played an important part in milled-lumber production. Tubbe Sawmill was the first water-, steam-powered, sawmill in Nacogdoches. During renovations of the Cason-Monk buildings in the early 21st century, boards stamped with Tubbe Mill logos made dating the building possible; the estate contains one of the largest owned genealogical archives pertaining to the Tubbe family in existence, providing important insight into early settlers life during the 19th century. The family has been featured in a number of German museums including the Expo2000 in Bremerhaven Germany; the estate and archives are owned and maintained by a descendant of its original founder, are available for study through
The Longview News-Journal is the major newspaper printed in the City of Longview, Texas. Dating to 1871 under independent publishers, including James Hogg Texas governor, Carl Estes, Longview civic figure, the publication was purchased by Cox Newspapers in the 1980s and sold by Cox to ASP Westward in 2009, it is affiliated with the Marshall News Messenger, another former Cox newspaper, sold to ASP Westward along with the News-Journal. In 2012, ASP Westward announced the sale of the Longview and Marshall papers, along with 12 of its other non-daily East Texas papers, to Texas Community Media LLC, a new company formed by the longtime owners of the Victoria Advocate in South Texas. Operating out of its modern 3-story brick editorial offices in downtown Longview, the News-Journal has a circulation in 11 East Texas counties to about 20,000 customers on weekdays; the daily Marshall News Messenger and Texas Community Media's 12 non-daily East Texas papers are produced in the News-Journal's newsroom and printed and distributed from its Longview production plant.
The newspaper's receptionist area contains several historical documents, including a copy of a telegram that Adolf Hitler wrote to the people of New London after the explosion in 1937. The Longview News-Journal Mobile website