The Sepulveda Dam is a project of the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers designed to withhold winter flood waters along the Los Angeles River. Completed in 1941, at a cost of $6,650,561, it is located south of center in the San Fernando Valley eight miles east of the river's source in the western end of the Valley, in Los Angeles, California. Sepulveda Dam, along with Hansen Dam located in the north San Fernando Valley, was constructed in response to the historic 1938 floods which killed 144 people. Sepulveda Dam was placed at what was at the current edge of the city. East of the dam the river was crowded into a narrow bottom by the city's growth. One legacy of Sepulveda Dam is its flood control basin, a large and undeveloped area in the center of the Valley, used for wildlife refuge and recreation, but another legacy of the 1938 Los Angeles River flood was the post-World War II channelization of all the Valley's dry washes, which along with the post-World War II rapid suburbanization left the Valley with hot, concrete-lined river bottoms instead of greenbelts.
Although now, in part, these are being devolved as interconnecting bike paths. Behind the dam, the Sepulveda Basin is home to several large recreation areas including Woodley Park, a model aircraft field, The Japanese Garden, a wildlife refuge, a water reclamation plant, an armory; the Basin is kept free of urban over-building so that water can build up there during a prospective hundred-year flood. It is an often-used location for car commercials; when the 1914 flood caused $10 million in damages to the developing basin areas, a public outcry began for action to address the recurring flooding problems. During the following year, the Los Angeles County Flood Control District was formed; some of the early flood control efforts included smaller areas of channelization and the planning for needed reservoirs. Taxpayers approved bond issues in 1924 to build the first major dams. However, they were not willing to provide enough funding for the much needed and substantial infrastructure downstream of these dams.
After two more destructive floods in the 1930s, most notably the 1938 flood, federal assistance was requested. The Army Corps of Engineers took a lead role in channelizing the river and constructing several dams which would create flood control basins behind them. Channelization began in 1938, by 1960, the project was completed to form the present fifty-one mile engineered waterway. Included in this work were Hansen Dam, completed in 1940 and followed by Sepulveda Dam in 1941. In 1973, Burbank Blvd was built through the Sepulveda Basin, Woodley Ave was built in the recreation area in 1975. For 28 years the Sepulveda Dam did its job without incident until 1969 when the Los Angeles River overflowed its banks causing millions of dollars in damage. In 1988 the Los Angeles River's banks were raised to avoid another incident. In 1994 a hundred-year flood occurred in the Los Angeles River; the dam was restored and went without incident for another 11 years until the Los Angeles River again overflowed its banks in 2005.
During the 2028 Summer Olympics, the area around the dam will host Canoe Slalom and Shooting. The 2,000-acre Sepulveda Basin Recreation Area is a flood control basin managed by the Los Angeles City Department of Recreation and Parks. Woodley Park is a large city park located on Woodley Avenue between Burbank Boulevards; the Leo Magnus Cricket Complex, a dog park, group picnic areas are within the park. The park was opened in 1975; the Japanese Garden is a 6.5 acres public Japanese garden located on the grounds of the Tillman Water Reclamation Plant adjacent to Woodley Park. Lake Balboa Park known as Anthony C. Beilenson Park, is water recreation facility with boat rentals and fishing. Lake Balboa is a 27 acres lake filled with water reclaimed from the Tillman Water Reclamation Plant, it has barbecue pits, children's play area, picnic tables, covered picnic pavilions. There are many Flowering cherry trees in the park; the Sepulveda Basin Wildlife Reserve is at the southeast end of the Sepulveda Flood Control Basin and Recreation Area.
It has two sections, the North Reserve and South Reserve, located north and south of Burbank Boulevard. Both have nature paths and hiking trails. Access and parking are in eastern Woodley Park near to the Tillman Water Reclamation Plant, or from Burbank Boulevard east of Woodley Avenue. Haskell Creek flows through the nature preserve, there are several wildlife ponds. Over 200 species of birds have been seen in the basin. Many, attracted by the water, gather here during spring migrations; the Sepulveda Basin Wildlife Reserve is an ongoing habitat restoration project, with locally native California plants. Native trees include Fremont's cottonwood, Coast live oak, Valley oak, California Black Walnut, California sycamore; the Sepulveda Dam Recreation Area Bike Path is a 9 miles bicycle path route looping around the recreation area. It runs from Victory Boulevard near Interstate 405, westward to White Oak Avenue, south on White Oak to Burbank Boulevard, east on Burbank to Woodley Boulevard, north on Woodley returning to Victory Boulevard.
Public access is continuous along it. A shorter route heads south on Balboa Boulevard, which crosses a natural stretch of the Los Angeles River that lined with native Arroyo willows, California sycamores, other California native plants; the loop sections along Victory and Burbank can be frequented by joggers. The bike path can seasonally have burr-bearing weeds. There is ample free parking available in the public park, sports field
La Palma, California
La Palma is a city in Orange County, United States. The population was 15,568 at the 2010 Census, up from 15,408 at the 2000 census. In 2013, La Palma was ranked 31st in the "Best places to live" among small cities in the United States by CNN's Money magazine. In 2007, it was ranked 16th best place to live in the US; the rankings are based on the small-and-friendly neighborhood vibe, high-ranking schools, low crime-rate and the lowest police response time in Orange County. La Palma was incorporated on October 26, 1955, it was incorporated as Dairyland, was one of three dairy cities in the region but when the dairies moved east in 1965, the name of the community was changed to La Palma, after the region's Spanish heritage and its main thoroughfare, La Palma Avenue. La Palma is located at 33°50′58″N 118°2′38″W, it is bordered by Cerritos on the north and west, Cypress on the south and west, Buena Park on the east. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.83 square miles.
1.8 square miles of it is land and 0.02 square miles of it is water. This makes it the smallest city in Orange County in terms of area; as of the census of 2000, there were 15,408 people, 4,979 households, 4,227 families residing in the city. The population density was 8,499.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 5,066 housing units at an average density of 2,794.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 44.6% Asian, 36.3% White, 10.3% Hispanic, 4.5% Black.3% Pacific Islander.2% Native American.2% from other races, 3.5% from two or more races. There were 4,979 households out of which 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.5% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 15.1% were non-families. 11.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.09 and the average family size was 3.35. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 28.3% from 45 to 64, 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males. The median income for a household in the city was $68,438, the median income for a family was $74,524. Males had a median income of $50,988 versus $36,242 for females; the per capita income for the city was $26,598. About 4.0% of families and 4.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those age 65 or over. The 2010 US Census reported that La Palma had a population of 15,568; the population density was 8,499.1 people per square mile. The racial makeup of La Palma was 5,762 White, 802 African American, 56 Native American, 7,483 Asian, 41 Pacific Islander, 760 from other races, 664 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2,487 persons; the Census reported that 15,548 people lived in households, 14 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 6 were institutionalized. There were 5,080 households, out of which 1,949 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 3,331 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 641 had a female householder with no husband present, 240 had a male householder with no wife present.
There were 134 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 26 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 716 households were made up of individuals and 389 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.06. There were 4,212 families; the population was spread out with 3,423 people under the age of 18, 1,418 people aged 18 to 24, 3,805 people aged 25 to 44, 4,445 people aged 45 to 64, 2,477 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males. There were 5,224 housing units at an average density of 2,852.0 per square mile, of which 3,648 were owner-occupied, 1,432 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.3%. 11,315 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 4,233 people lived in rental housing units. According to the 2010 United States Census, La Palma had a median household income of $87,289, with 7.2% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
According to La Palma's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city were: In the California State Legislature, La Palma is in the 29th Senate District, represented by Republican Ling Ling Chang, in the 65th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Sharon Quirk-Silva. In the United States House of Representatives, La Palma is in California's 38th congressional district, represented by Democrat Linda Sánchez. Los Coyotes Elementary Miller Elementary Steve Luther Elementary Walker Junior High School John F. Kennedy High School Oxford Academy Beacon Day School for Children with Autism and Related Disorders Fire protection in La Palma is provided by the Orange County Fire Authority with ambulance transport by Care Ambulance Service; the La Palma Police Department provides law enforcement services und
San Diego Creek bicycle path
The San Diego Creek bicycle path is the major bicycle backbone of the city of Irvine, which contains it. It connects major points such as Newport Beach, University of California, Boomers, Colonel Bill Barber Park, Irvine Civic Center, The Crossroads Shopping Center, Woodbridge High School, Woodbridge Community Park, Atria Senior Residential Area, Windrow Community Park, Irvine Medical Complex, Irvine Spectrum Center, it runs through the majority of Irvine's neighborhoods such as Westpark and Oak Creek. The path begins; the Bay itself makes for a pleasant ride with a Class 2 bike lane on the Eastern shore along a quiet road, some busy streets in the South and a section of Class 1 path to the East. One entry point is Bayview Way, just off Jamboree Road between route 73 and the bridge over San Diego creek. Riders can enter the path here and proceed North back to Jamboree Road and East across the bridge take the ramp under the bridge. Heading North, the path passes through a wetlands area until it parallels University Drive with University of California Irvine on the opposite side.
Access is continuous along this stretch. University Drive veers East and the path and creek continue due North, with the wetlands giving way to a concrete-bottom storm drain; the path passes under Main Alton Parkway, each of which includes an access ramp. The path reaches a fork in the creek near Colonel Barber park, which has excellent public restrooms and water available; the path crosses to the opposite side on a bridge and continues on the Eastern branch of the creek, leading under more underpasses with street access at Harvard and Culver. From here the path passes through the residential center of Irvine, with townhomes, more municipal parks and a lawnlike slope around the creek. There are several at-grade crossings of quiet avenues. At one point there is another bridge that crosses the creek and is part of another bike trail that runs perpendicular to the creek trail, running through the central park of Irvine and frequented by a large number of pedestrians; the creek path continues to the East and culminates in a landscaped section that includes two short bike tunnels as it passes through Windrow Park.
The last tunnel emerges on the East side of Jeffrey Road without clear signage. Making a sharp left curve, the trail runs concurrent south with Jeffrey Road to the car bridge over the creek, where there is an entrance to the continuation of the path separating from Jeffrey Road; the path runs past Oak Creek community until it reaches the Irvine Medical Complex and the industrial park outskirts of Irvine, crossing under Sand Canyon and Old Laguna Canyon Road. The path continues for a short stretch on the South side of dead-ends, it is possible to cross over to the North side of the creek and continue to the Highway 133 underpass, emerge into the Irvine Spectrum Center. There is an alternate return path that includes Class 2 bike lanes, a Class 1 path through the hills above Irvine, a Class 1 path built as part of the planned subdivisions of older Irvine. Access is South on Old Laguna, which leads through quiet industrial park areas to a bridge over Interstate 405, on to an area of newly developed town homes all on safe Class 2 bike lanes.
Turning right at Quail Hill Road leads to a traffic circle. The Class 1 path begins on a long uphill stretch, followed by a long pleasant downhill ride through a pretty canyon area, part of an affluent land development named Shady Canyon; the path leads to an entrance guard house, continues to the left on a section of Class I path. Taking the sidewalk to the right of the guard house leads back to surface roads. Taking the first right on Sunnyhill leads to a crossing into a small park, where there is a sidewalk / bike path that heads back uphill; this ends on a downhill street. Turning left at the intersection and using the sidewalk, which doubles as a bike path, leads downhill to the entrance to another Class 1 bike path, which snakes downhill on a narrow greenway passing under streets in special tunnels, reminiscent of a roller coaster ride. Caution is warranted, as this is in a residential section and there are pedestrians. Riders may find it helpful to carry a map of this section of Irvine, since there is no signage for this part of the path and the first gap in the greenway can be confusing.
At the base of the hill the path emerges into a wetlands area along University Avenue: A right turn leads back North to Interstate 405, which has a completed section of Class 1 trail that crosses I405 to Jeffrey Avenue, which intersects San Diego Creek some distance to the North of I405. A left turn leads South through the wetlands crossing Culver Drive at grade, into another municipal park; the dedicated Class I path continues ending at a diagonal crossing of Harvard Avenue. In a short distance, behind the Evangelical Church, is one of the ramp entrances to the creek path. Turning left here leads back the end of the San Diego Creek Path. Peters Canyon bike trail is a medium length Class I facility that branches from the San Diego Creek trail in Irvine. Though not yet 100% complete, it is possible to make a 100% Class 1 trip from San Diego Creek to the terminus of the trail in Peters Canyon; the first section is a detour that begins at the corner of Barranca and Harvard Aves. Cyclists coming up the San Diego trail from the south will note the branch between the channel of the San Diego Cr
Los Angeles County, California
Los Angeles County the County of Los Angeles, in the Los Angeles metropolitan area of the U. S. state of California, is the most populous county in the United States, with more than 10 million inhabitants as of 2017. As such, it is the largest non–state level government entity in the United States, its population is larger than that of 41 individual U. S. states. It is the third-largest metropolitan economy in the world, with a Nominal GDP of over $700 billion—larger than the GDPs of Belgium and Taiwan, it has 88 incorporated cities and many unincorporated areas and, at 4,083 square miles, it is larger than the combined areas of Delaware and Rhode Island. The county is home to more than one-quarter of California residents and is one of the most ethnically diverse counties in the U. S, its county seat, Los Angeles, is California's most populous city and the nation's second largest city with about 4 million people. Los Angeles County is one of the original counties of California, created at the time of statehood in 1850.
The county included parts of what are now Kern, San Bernardino, Inyo, Tulare and Orange counties. In 1851 and 1852, Los Angeles County stretched from the coast to the border of Nevada; as the population increased, sections were split off to organize San Bernardino County in 1853, Kern County in 1866, Orange County in 1889. Prior to the 1870s, Los Angeles County was divided into townships, many of which were amalgamations of one or more old ranchos, they were: Azusa El Monte Azusa and El Monte Townships were merged for the 1870 census. City of Los Angeles Los Angeles Township Los Nietos San Jose San Gabriel Santa Ana. For the 1870 census, Annaheim district was enumerated separately. San Juan. San Pedro. Tejon When Kern County was formed, the portion of the township remaining in Los Angeles County became Soledad Township According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 4,751 square miles, of which 4,058 square miles is land and 693 square miles is water. Los Angeles County borders 70 miles of coast on the Pacific Ocean and encompasses mountain ranges, forests, lakes and desert.
The Los Angeles River, Rio Hondo, the San Gabriel River and the Santa Clara River flow in Los Angeles County, while the primary mountain ranges are the Santa Monica Mountains and the San Gabriel Mountains. The western extent of the Mojave Desert begins in the Antelope Valley, in the northeastern part of the county. Most of the population of Los Angeles County is located in the south and southwest, with major population centers in the Los Angeles Basin, San Fernando Valley and San Gabriel Valley. Other population centers are found in the Santa Clarita Valley, Pomona Valley, Crescenta Valley and Antelope Valley; the county is divided west-to-east by the San Gabriel Mountains, which are part of the Transverse Ranges of southern California, are contained within the Angeles National Forest. Most of the county's highest peaks are in the San Gabriel Mountains, including Mount San Antonio 10,068 feet ) at the Los Angeles-San Bernardino county lines, Mount Baden-Powell 9,399 feet, Mount Burnham 8,997 feet and Mount Wilson 5,710 feet.
Several lower mountains are in the northern and southwestern parts of the county, including the San Emigdio Mountains, the southernmost part of Tehachapi Mountains and the Sierra Pelona Mountains. Los Angeles County includes San Clemente Island and Santa Catalina Island, which are part of the Channel Islands archipelago off the Pacific Coast. East: Eastside, San Gabriel Valley, portions of the Pomona Valley West: Westside, Beach Cities South: South Bay, South Los Angeles, Palos Verdes Peninsula, Gateway Cities, Los Angeles Harbor Region North: San Fernando Valley, Crescenta Valley, portions of the Conejo Valley, portions of the Antelope Valley and Santa Clarita Valley Central: Downtown Los Angeles, Mid-Wilshire, Northeast Los Angeles Angeles National Forest Los Padres National Forest Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area Los Angeles County had a population of 9,818,605 in the 2010 United States Census; the racial makeup of Los Angeles County was 4,936,599 White, 1,346,865 Asian, 856,874 African American, 72,828 Native A
Cerritos named Dairy Valley because of the preponderance of dairy farms in the area, is an affluent suburban city in Los Angeles County, United States, is one of several cities that constitute the Gateway Cities of southeast Los Angeles County. It was incorporated on April 24, 1956; as of the 2010 census, the population was 49,041. It is part of the Los Angeles–Long Beach–Anaheim, California Metropolitan Statistical Area designated by the Office of Management and Budget. Cerritos was inhabited by Native Americans belonging to the Tongva; the Tongva would be renamed the "Gabrieleños" by the Spanish settlers after the nearby Mission San Gabriel Arcangel. The Gabrieleños were the largest group of Southern California Indians as well as the most developed in the region; the Gabrieleños lived off the land, deriving food from the animals or plants that could be gathered, snared or hunted, grinding acorns as a staple. Beginning in the late 15th century, Spanish explorers arrived in the New World and worked their way to the California coast in 1542.
The colonization process included "civilizing" the native populations in California by establishing various missions. Soon afterward, a town called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles de Porciúncula would be founded and prosper with the aid of subjects from New Spain and Native American labor. One soldier, José Manuel Nieto, was granted a large plot of land by the Spanish King Carlos III, which he named Rancho Los Nietos, it covered 300,000 acres of what are today the cities of Cerritos, Long Beach, Downey, Santa Fe Springs, part of Whittier, Huntington Beach, Buena Park and Garden Grove. The rancho was divided five ways among Nieto's heirs during the nationalization of church property by the Mexican government, with Juan José Nieto retaining the largest plot, called Rancho Los Coyotes. Nieto called the area of Rancho Los Coyotes, where Cerritos is today, "cerritos" or "little hills", although no natural hills exist in modern-day Cerritos. After the Mexican-American war, the rancho would wind up in the hands of the Los Angeles and San Bernardino Land Company, which encouraged development and rail lines to be built by Henry E. Huntington and his Pacific Electric Railway company.
It was through rapid development, combined with improved transportation systems, that the modern-day city of Artesia was formed in Rancho Los Coyotes in 1875, from it, the city of Dairy Valley. Cranford Airport, a small general-aviation airport, was built around 1946 and consisted of two 2,300-foot runways, one oriented north/south & the other northeast/southwest; each runway had a parallel taxiway, a ramp along the south side of the field had two building hangars. The former airport site is on the northwest corner of the intersection of South Street & Carmenita Road. Cranford Airport closed at some point between 1953-54; the city of Dairy Valley was incorporated on April 24, 1956, as a reaction to nearby Artesia's rapid urbanization. The city's name symbolized the more than 400 dairies, 100,000 cows and 106,300 chickens found within its limits; the cows outnumbered the 3,439 residents by a factor of 29 to 1. The chickens outnumbered the residents by over 30 to 1; the first business license in the new city was for Walter Marlowe's "Dairy Valley Egg Farms".
Two years Dairy Valley voted to become a chartered California city. As land values and property taxes in California rose in the early 1960s, agriculture became unprofitable, development pressures increased. In a special election held on July 16, 1963, residents voted to permit large-scale residential development; as a reflection of its newly planned suburban orientation, the city's name was formally changed to Cerritos on January 10, 1967, after the nearby Spanish land grant Rancho Los Cerritos, which figured prominently in the region, after Cerritos College in neighboring Norwalk. Cerritos is a prime example of the "fiscalization" of California politics after the tax revolt of the 1970s and the passage of Proposition 13; the only way for California cities to raise long-term tax revenue in light of Proposition 13 was to create as many commercial zones as possible to take advantage of the percentage of county sales tax allocated back to municipalities as sales tax revenue. Cerritos was one of the first cities in Los Angeles County to develop large-scale retail zones, such as the Los Cerritos Center and Cerritos Auto Square, achieved stunning success.
City leaders reinvested funds into the community with large public works projects and an increasing number of community services and programs. The current progressive nature of the Cerritos government and the unusually strong tax base is best reflected in its facilities. In 1978, Cerritos dedicated the nation's first solar-heated City Hall complex. In 1993, the Cerritos Center for the Performing Arts opened its doors. In 1994, the City unveiled the Cerritos Towne Center project, combining office, lodging, fine arts and dining in an open-air location. In 1997, the city opened the Cerritos Sheriff's Station/Community Safety Center to provide public safety services. In 2002, the City rededicated its public library. In 2006, the City celebrated its golden anniversary with memorials and the unveiling of a sculpture garden; the assessed valuation of the city is $7,177,428,066. Between 1970 and 1972, Cerritos was the fastest-growing city in California. Since the 1980s, Cerritos has attracted a large number of Filipino, Taiwanese and Chinese immigrant families.
On August 31, 1986, Aeroméxico Flight 498, on approach to Los Angeles International Airport from Mexico City, was struck by a small Piper aircraft tha
Long Beach, California
Long Beach is a city on the Pacific Coast of the United States, within the Los Angeles metropolitan area of Southern California. As of 2010, its population was 462,257, it is the 7th most populous in California. Long Beach is the second-largest city in the Los Angeles metropolitan area and the third largest in Southern California behind Los Angeles and San Diego. Long Beach is a charter city; the Port of Long Beach is the second busiest container port in the United States and is among the world's largest shipping ports. The city maintains a progressively declining oil industry with minor wells located both directly beneath the city as well as offshore. Manufacturing sectors include those in aircraft, automotive parts, electronic equipment, audiovisual equipment, precision metals and home furnishings. Long Beach lies in the southeastern corner of borders Orange County. Downtown Long Beach is 22 miles south of downtown Los Angeles, though the two cities share an official border for several miles.
Indigenous people have lived in coastal Southern California for over 10,000 years, several successive cultures have inhabited the present-day area of Long Beach. By the 16th-century arrival of Spanish explorers, the dominant group was the Tongva people, they had at least three major settlements within the present-day city. Tevaaxa'anga was an inland settlement near the Los Angeles River, while Ahwaanga and Povuu'nga were coastal villages. Along with other Tongva villages, they were forced to relocate in the mid-19th century due to missionization, political change, a drastic drop in population from exposure to European diseases. In 1784 the Spanish Empire's King Carlos III granted Rancho Los Nietos to Spanish soldier Manuel Nieto; the Rancho Los Cerritos and Rancho Los Alamitos were divided from this territory. The boundary between the two ranchos ran through the center of Signal Hill on a southwest to northeast diagonal. A portion of western Long Beach was part of the Rancho San Pedro, its boundaries were in dispute for years, due to flooding changing the Los Angeles River boundary, between the ranchos of Juan Jose Dominguez and Manuel Nieto.
In 1843 Jonathan Temple bought Rancho Los Cerritos, having arrived in California in 1827 from New England. He built what is now known as the "Los Cerritos Ranch House", a still-standing adobe, a National Historic Landmark. Temple created a thriving cattle ranch and prospered, becoming the wealthiest man in Los Angeles County. Both Temple and his ranch house played important local roles in the Mexican–American War. On an island in the San Pedro Bay, Mormon pioneers made an abortive attempt to establish a colony. In 1866 Temple sold Rancho Los Cerritos for $20,000 to the Northern California sheep-raising firm of Flint, Bixby & Co, which consisted of brothers Thomas and Benjamin Flint and their cousin Lewellyn Bixby. Two years previous Flint, Bixby & Co had purchased along with Northern California associate James Irvine, three ranchos which would become the city that bears Irvine's name. To manage Rancho Los Cerritos, the company selected Lewellyn's brother Jotham Bixby, the "Father of Long Beach".
Three years Bixby bought into the property and would form the Bixby Land Company. In the 1870s as many as 30,000 sheep were kept at the ranch and sheared twice yearly to provide wool for trade. In 1880, Bixby sold 4,000 acres of the Rancho Los Cerritos to William E. Willmore, who subdivided it in hopes of creating a farm community, Willmore City, he failed and was bought out by a Los Angeles syndicate that called itself the "Long Beach Land and Water Company." They changed the name of the community at that time. The City of Long Beach was incorporated in 1897. Another Bixby cousin, John W. Bixby, was influential in the city. After first working for his cousins at Los Cerritos, J. W. Bixby leased land at Rancho Los Alamitos, he put together a group: banker I. W. Hellman and Jotham Bixby, him, to purchase the rancho. In addition to bringing innovative farming methods to the Alamitos, J. W. Bixby began the development of the oceanfront property near the city's picturesque bluffs. Under the name Alamitos Land Company, J.
W. Bixby laid out the parks of his new city; this area would include Belmont Shore and Naples. J. W. Bixby died in 1888 of apparent appendicitis; the Rancho Los Alamitos property was split up, with Hellman getting the southern third and Lewellyn, the northern third, J. W. Bixby's widow and heirs keeping the central third; the Alamitos townsite was kept as a separate entity, but at first, it was run by Lewellyn and Jotham Bixby, although I. W, Hellman had a significant veto power, an influence made stronger as the J. W. Bixby heirs began to side with Hellman more; when Jotham Bixby died in 1916, the remaining 3,500 acres of Rancho Los Cerritos was subdivided into the neighborhoods of Bixby Knolls, California Heights, North Long Beach and part of the city of Signal Hill. The town grew as a seaside resort with light agricultural uses; the Pike was the most famous beachside amusement zone on the West Coast from 1902 until 1969. The oil industry, Navy shipyard and facilities and port became the mainstays of the city.
In the 1950s it was referred to as "Iowa
Los Angeles River bicycle path
The Los Angeles River bicycle path is a Class I bicycle and pedestrian path in the Greater Los Angeles area running from north to east along the Los Angeles River through Griffith Park in an area known as the Glendale Narrows. The 7.4 mile section of bikeway through the Glendale Narrows is known as the Elysian Valley Bicycle & Pedestrian Path. The bike path runs from the city of Vernon to Long Beach, California; this section is referred to as the Los Angeles River Bikeway. Following the Los Angeles Flood of 1938, concrete banks were created as a flood control measure for nearly all the length of the river, making it navigable by bicycle to its end, where it empties into the San Pedro Bay in Long Beach. In recent years, the Friends of the Los Angeles River, a local civic and environmental group, have attempted to restore portions of the river as parkland in a manner that includes and encourages bicycle and pedestrian traffic, efforts realized in part as local Congressman Brad Sherman secured $460,000 in federal funds to extend the path north in the Sherman Oaks area.
The LA River Bicycle Path consists of two main parts and other shorter sections that do not connect with each other along the river yet. The Los Angeles River Revitalization Corporation is campaigning for Greenway 2020, the completion of bike and walk paths for the entire 51-mile river by the year 2020; the Los Angeles River Bikeway known as LARIO, is the longest completed section of the bicycle/pedestrian path. It runs from the Shoreline Pedestrian Bikepath at the river's mouth in Long Beach, upstream to the industrial area southeast of Downtown Los Angeles, at Atlantic Boulevard in Vernon. In Long Beach, the bike path runs on the east side of the river channel; when the path intersects with Imperial Highway, it crosses the LA River on the road bridge and continues north on along the west side of the LA River to Vernon. The path on the east side continues under the bridge to the confluence with the Rio Hondo, becoming the Rio Hondo Bicycle Path heading northeast to the Whittier Narrows Recreation Area.
Mileage markers are painted on the pavement and signs are posted at regular intervals detailing upcoming city streets. Parking can be found at Hollydale Park in South Gate, Ralph C. Dills Park in Paramount, DeForest Park in Long Beach. Other access in Long Beach includes several street crossings of the river, including those of Pacific Coast Highway, Willow Street, Wardlow Road, Del Amo Boulevard; the second section, the Glendale Narrows Elysian Valley Bicycle Path and pedestrian walkway, runs alongside the L. A. River for 7.4 miles from the border of Burbank, California & Glendale, California at Victory Blvd and Riverside Drive downstream through the Glendale Narrows to Egret Park in Elysian Valley. It runs through Griffith Park, Los Feliz, Atwater Village and Elysian Valley. There are numerous entry points and parks along it, including Rio de Los Angeles State Park, Griffith Park, Egret Park, Oso Park, Steelhead Park, Riverdale Mini-Park, Elysian Valley Gateway Park, Marsh Park, Rattlesnake Park, Crystal Park, Sunnynook River Park.
The Glendale Narrows Riverwalk, a separate multi-use path, is across the river along the northern bank in the city of Glendale. The non-vehicular Garden Bridge project over the Glendale Narrows will connect the Glendale Narrows Elysian Valley Bicycle Path, Griffith Park, Los Angeles − with the Glendale Narrows Riverwalk and city of Glendale. San Fernando ValleyIn the San Fernando Valley there are several other non-connected sections. From the headwaters in Canoga Park into Winnetka, A new section is under construction in Reseda to continue it eastward. Further east the North Valleyheart Riverwalk is located in Studio City. Arroyo SecoThe Arroyo Seco Bicycle Path is in the Arroyo Seco river channel, upstream from its confluence with the Los Angeles River, it runs from Montecito Heights northeast to South Pasadena. Browns CreekThe Browns Creek Bike Trail runs along Browns Canyon Wash in Chatsworth, at the foot of the Santa Susana Mountains in the northwestern San Fernando Valley. Compton CreekThe Compton Creek Bike Path is in Compton, along the east bank of two sections of Compton Creek, a tributary of the lower Los Angeles River.
The northern section of the path is a paved trail extending from El Segundo Boulevard south through residential neighborhoods to Greenleaf Boulevard. An equestrian trail runs along the west bank of the creek. A shorter section of paved trail exists farther south along the creek, but it is separated by the LA Metro Blue Line tracks, the Gardena Freeway, the east fork of Compton Creek. Access to this southern segment is only at a few large streets, it ends at Del Amo Boulevard north of the confluence of Compton Creek and the Los Angeles River. Dominguez ChannelThe Dominguez Channel Bicycle Path/Laguna Dominguez Bicycle Trail is along a 2.8 miles section of the Upper Dominguez Channel, a 15.7 miles long channelized stream west of the lower Los Angeles River in southern Los Angeles County. It runs between the community of Alondra Park near El Camino College and Hawthorne near the Hawthorne Airport, it is a project of the city of Hawthorne's Dominguez Enhancement and Engagement Project It has numerous mid-block crossings with cross walk navigation, offers good pedestrian access.
Periodic mile markers painted on the pavement indicating distances upstream from its mouth at the Port of Los Angeles. On July 23, 2013, the nonprofit group River LA known as Los Angeles River Revitalization Corp, announced a goal of completing a continuous 51-mile greenway and bike path along the river by the end of the decade; the path is envisioned to be the central focus of a linear recreational park as well as providing