Crabtree Falls is one of the tallest sets of waterfalls in the United States east of the Mississippi River. It is located in the George Washington National Forest in Nelson County, off of Virginia State Route 56; the name of the falls is thought to have come from William Crabtree, who settled in this part of Virginia in 1777. L. A. Snead, former US Assistant Fuel Administrator and notable Nelsonian, spearheaded negotiations to secure land surrounding Crabtree Falls after it was developed as a resort area in the late 1960s. Using personal and Congressional funds, the land deals were completed and the deeds transferred by LA Snead on June 3, 1968, to the National Forest System; this assured benefit for future generations of this magnificent Nelson County treasure. The set of waterfalls is credited with being 1,200 feet high, but topographic maps show the total drop to be closer to 1,000 feet. Crabtree Falls is a series of cascading waterfalls, with five major cascades, the tallest of which drops about 400 feet, several smaller cascades, all over a total distance of 2,500 feet horizontally.
The cascade with a 400-foot drop gives Crabtree Falls the title of tallest vertical drop in a waterfall east of the Mississippi River. However, the title of tallest free-fall vertical drop goes to Fall Creek Falls in Tennessee's Fall Creek Falls State Park. There is a trail to the waterfall maintained by the United States Forest Service called the Crabtree Falls Trail. Twenty-nine people have fallen to their deaths from leaving the trail to climb too close to the waterfalls. Recent deaths occurred April 2013, June 2015, most August 29, 2015. US Forest Service website for the Crabtree Falls Trail Fee Schedule for Crabtree Falls World Waterfall entry for Crabtree Falls Nelson County Webpage for Crabtree Falls TopoQuest Map of Crabtree Falls
Crabtree Falls (North Carolina)
Crabtree Falls is a waterfall located near the boundary of McDowell County and Yancey County, North Carolina. Crabtree Falls is a 70 ft. cascade on Big Crabtree Creek. The creek spreads over a rock face with many small ledges, giving it a delicate appearance, before trickling into a clear pool at the base. Though there are hardly any crabtrees here now, in the spring, an impressive array of wildflowers abound on the trail, including four species of trillium. By July, ferns fill the forest and soak in the spray of the falls, with rosebay rhododendron in bloom; the Celo USGS topographic quadrangle map labels this falls "Upper Falls", shows another waterfall some distance away and on another creek being called Crabtree Falls. The falls was known as Murphy's Falls and a small community was located nearby, including a church and blacksmith shop; when the Blue Ridge Parkway was constructed in the 1930s, the falls was renamed Crabtree Falls by the National Park Service. The trailhead is located outside Crabtree Falls Campground at mile marker 339.5 on the Blue Ridge Parkway.
A trail leads to a footbridge over the creek at the base of the falls. The trailhead loop starts at the parking area just before the entrance to the campground, is a medium to strenuous hike at just under 2.5 miles in length. The path to the falls is a rugged, downhill 0.9-mile, with a gentler 1.5-mile uphill return following Crabtree creek upstream before looping back to the parking area. Murphy Falls Big Crabtree Falls Grassy Creek Falls Falls of Gouges Creek Crabtree Falls at NCWaterfalls.com
Crabtree Valley Mall
Crabtree Valley Mall is a regional mall located in Raleigh, North Carolina. At 1,326,000 square feet, it is the largest enclosed mall in the Triangle. Crabtree Valley is anchored by Belk and Macy's. Crabtree Valley Mall opened in August 1972 at the intersection of US 70/NC 50 and the I-440 Beltline. Original anchors were Hudson Belk, Miller & Rhoads and Thalhimer's. From the start, the mall pulled shoppers from all over eastern North Carolina. Many of them came to the 251,000-square-foot Hudson Belk, still the largest store in the complex and serves as a Belk flagship; the mall added many specialty stores and a food court. It faced remarkably little competition in its market until the 1990s, when Cary Towne Center in nearby Cary doubled in size and spawned a companion mall, Crossroads Plaza. To combat the threat of an expanded Cary Towne Center stealing business, Crabtree embarked on a major expansion starting in 1993. G. C. Murphy, Miller & Rhoads, Piccadilly all closed down during this period. Thalhimer's converted to Hecht's, began planning for a new, larger location at the mall.
In 1993 a 40 by 110-foot section of the parking deck collapsed just three months after it had been rebuilt. Sears closed its Crabtree store in 1994 and opened a new location adjacent to it in August 1994; the old Sears became small shop space and connected to a new, larger Hecht's which opened in August 1995. Hecht's was replaced by Macy's in September 2006 as part of Federated Department Stores, Inc. absorbing The May Department Stores Company brands which includes Hecht's after acquiring the company in 2005. On August 22, 2018, Sears announced that its store would be closing as part of a plan to close 46 stores nationwide; the store closed on November 25, 2018. This left the mall with two remaining anchors Macy's. In 2019, CVM Holdings announced to redevelop the former Sears space into a JCPenney. Crabtree Valley Mall is situated next to Crabtree Creek, a tributary of the Neuse River that begins near Morrisville and winds through Umstead State Park as well as western and North Central Raleigh.
Because the watershed around the mall has become covered with impervious parking lots the creek floods following major storms. Such floods occurred in the mall's early years, but diminished with the construction of Lake Crabtree and large retaining basins upstream of the mall. However, the problem has returned and lower levels are still to flood during heavy rains in the summer months. Heavy rains caused by the remnants of Tropical Storm Alberto flooded the lower level parking lots of the mall on June 14, 2006, as well as a great deal of the bottom level of anchor stores, forcing the mall to close for the day. A similar situation occurred with Hurricane Fran in 1996, when flood waters flowed through the first floor of the mall and caused a few stores to remain closed for nearly two months; the lower level of the parking structure along with small parts of the main building have flooded in 2013, March 2016 and, on July 16, 2016 when during an intense storm Crabtree creek rose 8 feet, closing some roads that surround the mall and flooding parking lots.
The storm left dozens stranded and cars flooded. Crabtree Valley Mall is the only mall in The Triangle; the force is sworn in under North Carolina General Statutes Chapter 74E, more known as the Company Police Act, which gives them the power of arrest, requires them to be state certified officers as any municipal police agency. But due to the mall focusing on retail and customer service, Crabtree Police officers are not allowed to carry firearms while on duty. At 2:45 p.m. on August 13, 2016, the Raleigh Police Department received multiple 911 calls, reporting that shots had been fired near Lush. The mall was placed into lockdown. Several roads around the mall, including Glenwood Avenue and parts of NC 50 known in the area as Creedmoor Road were closed. Eight people were sent to the hospital for injuries sustained while trying to flee the mall. GoRaleigh Buses were deployed to help evacuate people from the immediate area of the mall, while those who couldn't board buses were forced to wait in the parking lot of a nearby Marriott.
Those who couldn't leave the inside of the mall were told to shelter in place in stores. After thorough investigation, it was determined that no shooter was present, no bullet casings, holes or any sort of damage was found and police believe the mass reaction was caused by a chain reaction of fear among patrons. There had been several public shootings in the US around this time which led to an uneasiness in unprotected traveled places like a mall; the fact that the Malls Special Police Department is unarmed drastically limited the police response and rendered it from a minute to several minutes. In November or 2011, six protesters with connections to the anti-Wall Street group "Occupy" were arrested for protesting in the mall's food court. Earlier in the day, Crabtree officials told the group that they could not demonstrate on mall property. In April 2012, Producers from Iron Man 3 held an open casting call for the movie. Thousands showed up to Crabtree to get their chance to be in the final chapter of the Iron Man trilogy.
Crabtree Valley Mall
Thomas Crabtree Three-Decker
The Thomas Crabtree Three-Decker is historic triple-decker house at 22 Haynes Street in Worcester, Massachusetts. Built in 1914, it is a remarkably well-preserved and detailed example of the style in Worcester's University Park neighborhood, it has a typical side hall plan, a hip roof that sports a small gable dormer on the front elevation. It has projecting bays on left sides, its builder and first owner was a local factory supervisor. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1990. National Register of Historic Places listings in southwestern Worcester, Massachusetts National Register of Historic Places listings in Worcester County, Massachusetts
Malus is a genus of about 30–55 species of small deciduous trees or shrubs in the family Rosaceae, including the domesticated orchard apple – known as the eating apple, cooking apple, or culinary apple. The other species are known as crabapples, crab apples, or wild apples; the genus is native to the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere. Apple trees are 4–12 m tall at maturity, with a dense, twiggy crown; the leaves are 3–10 cm long, simple, with a serrated margin. The flowers are borne in corymbs, have five petals, which may be white, pink or red, are perfect, with red stamens that produce copious pollen, a half-inferior ovary. Apples require cross-pollination between individuals by insects. Several Malus species, including domestic apples, hybridize freely, they are used as food plants by the larvae of a large number of Lepidoptera species. The fruit is a globose pome, varying in size from 1–4 cm diameter in most of the wild species, to 6 cm in M. sylvestris sieversii, 8 cm in M. domestica, larger in certain cultivated orchard apples.
The centre of the fruit contains five carpels arranged each containing one or two seeds. For the Malus pumila cultivars, the culinary, eating apples, see Apple. Crabapples are popular as compact ornamental trees, providing blossom in Spring and colourful fruit in Autumn; the fruits persist throughout Winter. Numerous hybrid cultivars have been selected; the following have won the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit:- Other varieties are dealt with under their species names. Some crabapples are used as rootstocks for domestic apples to add beneficial characteristics. For example, varieties of baccata called Siberian crab, rootstock is used to give additional cold hardiness to the combined plant for orchards in cold northern areas, they are used as pollinizers in apple orchards. Varieties of crabapple are selected to bloom contemporaneously with the apple variety in an orchard planting, the crabs are planted every sixth or seventh tree, or limbs of a crab tree are grafted onto some of the apple trees.
In emergencies, a bucket or drum bouquet of crabapple flowering branches are placed near the beehives as orchard pollenizers. See Fruit tree pollination; because of the plentiful blossoms and small fruit, crabapples are popular for use in bonsai culture. Crabapple fruit is not an important crop in most areas, being sour due to malic acid, in some species woody, for this reason is eaten raw. In some southeast Asian cultures they are valued as a sour condiment, sometimes eaten with salt and chili pepper, or shrimp paste; some crabapple varieties are an exception to the reputation of being sour, can be sweet, such as the'Chestnut' cultivar. Crabapples are an excellent source of pectin, their juice can be made into a ruby-coloured preserve with a full, spicy flavour. A small percentage of crabapples in cider makes a more interesting flavour; as Old English Wergulu, the crab apple is one of the nine plants invoked in the pagan Anglo-Saxon Nine Herbs Charm, recorded in the 10th century. Apple wood gives off a pleasant scent when burned, smoke from an apple wood fire gives an excellent flavour to smoked foods.
It is easier to cut. It is a good wood for cooking fires because it burns slow, without producing much flame. Crab apple has been listed as one of the 38 plants whose flowers are used to prepare the Bach flower remedies. Malus x adstringens'Durleo' - Gladiator Crabapple Malus × moerlandsii Door.'profusion' - Profusion crabapple Germplasm Resources Information Network: Malus Flora of China: Malus Virginia Cooperative Extension - Disease resistant crabapples Archived 8 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine The PRI disease resistant apple breeding program: a cooperative among Purdue University, Rutgers University, the University of Illinois
Crabtree Hot Springs, California
Crabtree Hot Springs is a geological phenomenon in Lake County, California about 25 miles north of Upper Lake. It is closed to the public, it lies at an elevation of 2,257 feet. There is a cluster of four natural hot springs at this location, in an isolated narrow winding steep walled canyon on the north bank of the Rice Fork of the Eel River, about one fourth mile downriver from its junction with Salt Creek. Three of the hot springs are aligned in one area at a large swimming hole, while the fourth hot spring is about 60 feet back upriver; the temperature of the hottest spring is 106 °F, with a flow rate of about 10 US gallons per minute. About 1875, John Fletcher Crabtree, sons found the hot springs by following a well used Indian trail; the local Indians believed that the water had health-giving qualities, Crabtree invited whites to the springs for these purported medicinal properties, many of whom had absolute faith in the springs as a cure-all. Some people took sick horses there and swore by the results.
No water was commercially bottled here. About 1907, Samuel Tate Packwood, an Upper Lake businessman, bought property at Crabtree Hot Springs, made plans to set up a resort there. Crabtree lived at the springs for a good many years. About 1900, in search of quicksilver, two tunnels were driven into the canyon side a short distance downriver from the springs, although the rock contains noticeable amounts of cinnabar, this mineral was not found in paying quantity; the serpentine rock at the head of the Eel River is crushed to shining black shales. At Crabtree Hot Springs, the serpentine is exposed in the bed of the creek, with argillaceous shale on both sides; the springs come up at the contact as well as in the serpentine. The principal spring emerges at the northeast edge of the stream in a natural rock basin at the foot of a small cliff, yields 10 US gallons a minute of water at 106 °F in temperature. Considerable gas carbon dioxide issues with the water, mildly carbonated and is distinctly mineralized by salts of soda and also of iron.
The pool formed by this spring has long been used for bathing and the water is locally considered efficacious in the treatment of skin and blood diseases. At one time, there was an old Indian trail from the springs to Twin Valleys and on to Bartlett Springs; the Crabtree family built the first wagon road from Twin Valleys to Crabtree Hot Springs, helped build the present road from Twin Valleys to Bartlett Springs. The Crabtree family all moved from the Crabtree Hot Springs area before 1900, the road to this location was abandoned and soon became impassable. Packwood reopened the wagon road. Twin Valley Road was constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1933-1934 as a public work relief program for young unemployed men during the depression. Referred to as the OHV Corridor, Twin Valley Road is a designated 40-mile east-west major transportation route across the south end of Mendocino National Forest connecting the Upper Lake and Grindstone Ranger Districts. From Twin Valley Road, there is a one fourth mile trail to the hot springs.
The trail follows the river. At another time, an Indian trail went from the hot springs down the Rice Fork canyon to the mouth of the river where it entered Gravelly Valley crossed the river at the upper end of the valley went up Squaw Valley Creek to the north of Big Squaw Valley and over the ridge to the Indian village at Bloody Rock. A portion of this trail is now under Lake Pillsbury. There was a well used Indian trail from Upper Lake to the hot springs, as it was a spa for them; the large boulder at the springs is called, Medicine Rock. MITCHELL, Todd When it was legal to kill and sell deer meat, there were two commercial deer hunters camped near the hot springs who peddled the meat in the Clear Lake area. One time, Mr. Crabtree went to civilization to get supplies and on his return found one of the hunters dead as he had accidentally killed himself, he is buried and his grave is near the springs. Small animals and lizards are killed on coming down to the river to drink. There is an immense amount of carbonic acid gas bubbling up through the water of the river and that which flows out of the hillside at these hot springs.
Sulfuric gas fumes are present. John Fletcher Crabtree was born in Virginia on April 13, 1824; when a young man, John moved to Missouri where he met, married Elizabeth Davis on November 28, 1844. The couple traveled west to California in 1852, first homesteaded in Contra Costa County, before settling in Lake County around 1866, first at Seigler Canyon. About 1890, John Fletcher Crabtree, his wife Elizabeth, their sons Alphonzo and William, moved to Twin Valleys which included the Crabtree Hot Springs, which son, Orin Crabtree, had found 10 or 15 years earlier. John built his home about 150 yards southwest from the junction of Rice Fork and Salt Creek, on a bench on land. John and Elizabeth had 12 children. John F. & Elizabeth Crabtree moved to Upper Lake sometime between 1902 and 1904. He is buried in the Upper Lake Cemetery, his son, Orin Crabtree, lived there until 1920. Two of Orin Crabtree's sons stayed until 1923 to take care of the Dixon Gun club's Horses. Sheriff Samuel T. Packwood served as Kittitas County's second sheriff from 1884-1889.
As president of several irr
Crabtree, West Sussex
Crabtree is a hamlet in the parish of Lower Beeding and in Horsham District of West Sussex, England. It lies on the A281 road 4.4 miles southeast of Horsham. Media related to Crabtree, West Sussex at Wikimedia Commons The Crabtree, Public House