Cinema of Australia
The Australian film industry has its beginnings with the 1906 production of The Story of the Kelly Gang, the earliest feature film made. Since many films have been produced in Australia, a number of which have received international recognition. Many actors and filmmakers started their careers in Australian films, a large number of whom have acquired international reputations, a number of whom have found greater financial benefits in careers in larger film producing centres, such as in the United States; the first public screenings of films in Australia were in October 1896, within a year of the world's first screening in Paris by Lumière brothers. The first Australian exhibition took place at the Athenaeum Hall in Collins Street, Melbourne, to provide alternative entertainment for the dance hall patrons; the venue would continue screenings, but these were all Commercially successful Australian films have included: Crocodile Dundee, Baz Luhrmann's Moulin Rouge!, Chris Noonan's Babe. Other award-winning productions include Picnic at Hanging Rock, The Tracker and Ten Canoes.
Australian actors of renown include Errol Flynn, Peter Finch, Rod Taylor, Paul Hogan, Jack Thompson, Bryan Brown, Judy Davis, Jacki Weaver, Geoffrey Rush, Mel Gibson, Hugo Weaving, Russell Crowe, Nicole Kidman, Eric Bana, Guy Pearce, Naomi Watts, Hugh Jackman, Cate Blanchett, Ben Mendelsohn, Toni Collette, Sam Worthington, Heath Ledger, Abbie Cornish, Chris Hemsworth, Ruby Rose, Mia Wasikowska and Margot Robbie. The Australian film history has been characterized as one of'boom and bust' due to the unstable and cyclical nature of its industry; the Athanaeum Hall in Collins Street, was a dance hall from the 1880s, which from time to time would provide alternative entertainment to patrons. In October 1896, it exhibited the first movie shown in Australia, within a year of the first public screening of a film in Paris on 28 December 1895 by the French Lumière brothers; the Athanaeum would continue screenings. The earliest feature length narrative film in the world was the Australian produced The Story of the Kelly Gang shown at the Athenaeum.
The film included several of his family. The film was exhibited in the United Kingdom, was commercially successful. Melbourne was home of one of the world's first film studios, the Limelight Department, operated by The Salvation Army between 1897 and 1910; the Limelight Department produced evangelical material for use by the Salvation Army, as well as private and government contracts. In its 19 years of operation, the Limelight Department produced about 300 films of various lengths, making it the largest film producer of its time; the major innovation of the Limelight Department came in 1899 when Herbert Booth and Joseph Perry began work on Soldiers of the Cross, described by some as the first feature-length film produced. Soldiers of the Cross fortified the Limelight Department as a major player in the early film industry; the Limelight Department was commissioned to film the Federation of Australia. The 1910s was a "boom" period in Australian cinema, it began in the 1900s, 1910 saw 4 narrative films released 51 in 1911, 30 in 1912, 17 in 1913, back to 4 in 1914, when the beginning of World War I brought an end to film making.
While these numbers may seem small, Australia was one of the most prolific film-producing countries at the time. In all, between 1906 and 1928, 150 narrative feature films were made, of which 90 were made between 1910 and 1912. There was a general consolidation in the early 1910s in the production and exhibition of films in Australia which saw by 1912 the merger of numerous independent producers into Australasian Films and Union Theaters which established control over film distributors and cinemas and required smaller producers to deal with the cartel; some view the arrangement as opening the way for American distributors in the 1920s to sign exclusive deals with Australian cinemas to exhibit only their products, thereby shutting out the local product and crippling the local film industry. There are various other explanations for the decline of the industry in the 1920s; some historians point to falling audience numbers, a lack of interest in Australian product and narratives, Australia's participation in the war.
There was an official ban on bushranger films in 1912. With the suspension of local film production, Australian cinema chains sought alternative products in the United States and realised that Australian-produced films were much more expensive than the imported product, which were priced cheaply as production expenses had been recouped in the home market. To redress this imbalance, the federal government imposed a tax on imported film in 1914, but this was removed by 1918. Whatever the explanation, by 1923, American films dominated the Australian market with 94% of all exhibited films coming from that country. In 1930, F. W. Thring established the Efftee Studios based in Melbourne to make talking films using optical sound equipment imported from the USA; the first sound films produced were in 1931, when the company produced Diggers, A Co-respondent's Course, The Haunted Barn and The Sentimental Bloke. During the five years of its existence, Efftee produced nine features, over 80 shorts and several stage productions.
Notable collaborators included George Wallace and Frank Harvey. Film production continued only until 1934, when it ceased as a protest over the refusal of the Australian government to set Australian film quotas, followed soon by
Welcome to Woop Woop
Welcome to Woop Woop is a 1997 Australian comedy film directed by Stephan Elliott and starring Johnathon Schaech and Rod Taylor. The film was based on the novel The Dead Heart by Douglas Kennedy. "Woop Woop" is an Australian colloquialism referring to a fictional location in the middle of nowhere. Teddy is a New York bird smuggler who goes to Australia to replace a flock of escaped birds after a deal goes awry. While there, he has a wild liaison with a quirky, sexually ravenous girl, who after a brief courtship knocks him unconscious and kidnaps him; when he awakes he finds himself "married" to her - not - and stranded in Woop Woop, a desolate, dilapidated town hidden within a crater-like rock formation in Aboriginal territory. The residents are people who lived there at an asbestos mining camp before the land was handed over to the Aborigines. Not content with the deal given to them by the mining company, they opted to return to their old lives in Woop Woop. At first they repopulated themselves incestuously.
A rule was enacted which bans residents from sleeping with their relatives. Since outsiders like Teddy have been kidnapped to keep Woop Woop populated, their only export is dog food made from road-killed kangaroos. The town is run by Angie's father, Daddy-O, in an authoritarian manner that he disguises as communal; the only entertainment available to the residents are old Rodgers & Hammerstein films and soundtracks, the latter of which they play constantly. These are left over from the town's last official contact with the civilised world. After witnessing another kidnapping,'Midget' the local hairdresser, gets shot to death by Daddy-O during an attempted escape, Teddy soon realizes he will be trapped in Woop Woop for life unless he finds a way out for himself, he repairs his VW van, vandalized by the locals, only to have it vandalised again by Daddy-O. The Australian Cattle Dog that he adopts is shot as part of'Dog Day.' He befriends a couple of locals, including the scruffy, affable Duffy, Krystal, Angie's sister, who help him to confront Daddy-O's iron-fisted reign, to arrange an escape plan.
Duffy, reprimanded by Daddy-O for breaking'Rule #3,' nonetheless elects to stay in Woop Woop, while Teddy and Krystal's pet cockatoo escape. Johnathon Schaech as Teddy Rod Taylor as Daddy-O Susie Porter as Angie Dee Smart as Krystal Richard Moir as Reggie Maggie Kirkpatrick as Ginger Barry Humphries as Blind Wally Mark Wilson as Duffy Paul Mercurio as Midget A soundtrack was released by Universal Music Group. "Perhaps, Perhaps" - Cake "There is Nothin' Like a Dame" - Reel Big Fish "Timebomb" - Chumbawamba "I Can't Say No" - Poe "Welcome to Your Life" - Boy George "I Got You Babe" - Merril Bainbridge and Shaggy "Bali Ha'i" - Moodswings and Neneh Cherry "Dog's Life" - eels "You'll Never Walk Alone" - Robin S. "Climb Every Mountain" - Peggy Wood and Junior Vasquez Welcome to Woop Woop has an overall approval rating of 29% on Rotten Tomatoes. Elliot's earlier film release, The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert had been a Cannes hit in 1994; the uncompleted Welcome to Woop Woop was screened "out of competition" at the 1997 Cannes Film Festival an experience Elliott described as "excruciating".
Welcome to Woop Woop grossed $489,725 at the box office in Australia. Cinema of Australia Welcome to Woop Woop on IMDb Welcome to Woop Woop at AllMovie Welcome to Woop Woop at Box Office Mojo Welcome to Woop Woop at Rotten Tomatoes Welcome to Woop Woop at the National Film and Sound Archive Welcome to Woop Woop at Oz Movies
Windsor known as "lesser Prahran", is an inner suburb of Melbourne, Australia, 5 km south-east of Melbourne's Central Business District, located within the Cities of Port Phillip and Stonnington local government areas. Windsor recorded a population of 7,281 at the 2016 Census. Windsor is bounded by St Kilda Road, Williams Road and High Street, it is incorrectly referred to as Prahran, Windsor's northern neighbour. In the past, Windsor was within the City of Prahran's boundaries and many institutions still refer to this. Windsor was named after Berkshire. Known at first as Prahran South, its name was changed to Windsor in 1891. A Windsor Post Office opened in 1856, but was renamed St Kilda in 1858; the Windsor Post Office in the area opened in 1886. Although Stonnington's smallest suburb, Windsor has its own bank and historic pubs, along with a growing number of independent clothing stores, bars and cafés. Windsor contains a diverse mix of housing, including medium density apartments, Victorian terrace housing and a high-rise public housing tower.
The Prahran campus of Swinburne University used to be located just south of High Street in Windsor, but this is now Melbourne Polytechnic - Prahran Campus, although it is in Windsor. The National Institute of Circus Arts opened by the former Australian Government Treasurer and Federal Member for Higgins, The Hon Peter Costello, is in Green Street Windsor; the painkiller Aspro was invented by the chemist George Nicholas in Windsor. Nuttelex margarine was manufactured in Windsor for many years but production shifted in the last few years to Knoxfield. Melbourne's famous Chapel Street shopping strip bisects Windsor, the Windsor end is seen as being the more bohemian, less expensive end of the street, although as development continues, the Windsor end of Chapel Street is becoming sought-after real estate, with many of the smaller retro-type clothing and vintage stores making way for new venues and some chain restaurants; the suburb has many landmarks, including the historic Presentation Convent, the Windsor Primary School, old post office, Telstra exchange tower and a campus of Swinburne University.
In recent times, the large Empire Cinemas, converted into a nightclub, was gutted by fire before being demolished and replaced by high-rise apartments named the Empire. The remains of one side of Punt Road at the Windsor end contains one of Windsor's lesser shopping strips, called Little Windsor on Punt; the suburb features new design, including the award-winning Windsor Fire station, by architects Edmund and Corrigan. In Raleigh Street are the K2 apartments, a Sustainable architecture built in 2006, to the design of Hansen Yuncken and features passive solar design and sustainable materials, photovoltaic cells, wastewater treatment, rainwater collection and solar hot water. There are many remaining hotels in the suburb, including the popular Windsor Castle and Pint on Punt; the new Prahran High School has been built on part of the grounds of what is now Melbourne Polytechnic. The new High School is a vertical school consisting of 4 levels with a gymnasium on the top floor; the school will receive its first intake of grade 7 students.
Windsor is serviced by a number of trams along Dandenong Road, High Street and Chapel Street with Metro Trains Melbourne's Sandringham railway line takes commuters from Windsor Station to the CBD in 10 minutes. The 216 and 219 buses operate along Williams Road. Punt Road is one of the main bus thoroughfares in Melbourne with its route 246 passing through the western side of the suburb. City of Prahran – Windsor was within this former local government area. History of Windsor, Victoria
David James Stratton AM is an English-Australian award-winning film critic, as both a journalist and interviewer, film historian and lecturer and television personality and producer. Born in Trowbridge, England in 1939, Stratton was sent to Hampshire to see out the war years with his grandmother, an avid filmgoer, where he was taken to the local cinemas and saw a diverse range of movies, he attended Chafyn Grove School from 1948 to 1953 as a boarder. He saw his first foreign film at Bath in 1955 – Italian romantic comedy Bread and Dreams; that was soon followed by Akira Kurosawa's Japanese adventure drama classic Seven Samurai tracked down in Birmingham. At the age of 19, he founded District Film Society. David arrived in Australia in 1963, soon became involved with the local film society movement, he directed the Sydney Film Festival from 1966 until 1983. At the time, he was the subject of surveillance by the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation, due to the festival showing Soviet films and his late 1960s visit to Russia.
This information was not made public until January 2014. A regarded expert on international cinema French cinema, Stratton was President of FIPRESCI Juries in Cannes and Venice, he was a member of the jury at the 32nd Berlin International Film Festival in 1982. Stratton worked for SBS from 1980, acting as their film consultant and introducing the SBS Cinema Classic and Movie of the Week for 24 weeks a year. From 1986 onwards Stratton co-hosted the long-running SBS TV program The Movie Show with Margaret Pomeranz, the show's original producer. Stratton and Pomeranz left SBS in 2004. From 2004 Stratton and Pomeranz have co-hosted the ABC film show, At the Movies. On 16 September 2014, Stratton and Pomeranz announced they would be retiring at the end of the 2014 series; the ABC confirmed that the series would end with the last episode to be broadcast on 9 December 2014. Stratton has stated on numerous occasions that his favourite film of all time is Singin' in the Rain, he writes reviews for The Australian newspaper and did so for the US film industry magazine Variety.
He does film reviews for TV Week, where he has been for a number of years. He lectures in film history at the University of Sydney's Centre for Continuing Education. In 2008 he released his autobiography called I Peed on Fellini, a reference to a drunken attempt to shake Federico Fellini's hand while using a urinal. Stratton and Margaret Pomeranz have played an important role in challenging the heavy-handed decisions of the Australian Classification Office throughout their career; the documentary film David Stratton: A Cinematic Life and directed by Sally Aitken, was released in 2017, re-edited for television, featuring interviews with Stratton about his life and with actors, producers representing Australian cinema since the 1960s. Stratton has a cameo appearance in the 1993 film Hercules Returns In 1995 Stratton made an uncredited cameo in Touch Me, one of the short films featured in Zieglerfilm's series Erotic Tales Stratton has appeared in several ABC programs including The Chaser's War on Everything, Review with Myles Barlow, Good Game, Adam Hills in Gordon Street Tonight, Lawrence Leung's Choose Your Own Adventure and The Bazura Project parodying himself.
On Saturday 14 March 2015 Stratton appeared in a meeting with David Lynch in "David Lynch: Between Two Worlds' 14 March - 8 June 2015 | Gallery of Modern Art Brisbane, Australia". On 1 January 2001 Stratton was awarded the Centenary Medal for "Service to Australian society and Australian film production". On 22 March 2001 he was appointed with the Croix de Commandeur of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, the highest rank for this award, for his services to cinema, in particular French cinema. In 2001 he received the Australian Film Institute's Longford Life Achievement Award. On 9 June 2006 Stratton received an honorary degree of Doctor of Letters from the University of Sydney in recognition of his career and his contribution to intellectual life at the university. In 2007, he received the 60th Anniversary Medal by the Festival du Film de Cannes and The Chauvel Award by the Brisbane International Film Festival. Stratton became a Member of the Order of Australia in the 2015 Australia Day honours.
The Last New Wave: The Australian film revival. ISBN 0-207-14146-0 The Avocado Plantation: Boom and bust in the Australian film industry. ISBN 0-7329-0250-9 Stratton, David. I Peed on Fellini: Recollections of a life in film. William Heinemann Australia. ISBN 1-74166-619-8. Honorary doctorate presentation Official biography ABC Radio biography Quickflix biography David Stratton on IMDb
Network 10 is an Australian commercial television network. One of five national free-to-air networks, 10's owned-and-operated stations can be found in the state capital cities of Sydney, Brisbane and Perth, while affiliates extend the network to regional areas of the country; the network is owned by a subsidiary of CBS Studios International. From the introduction of TV in 1956 until 1965 there were only two commercial television networks in Australia, the National Television Network and the Australian Television Network, as well as the public Australian Broadcasting Commission. In the early 1960s, the Australian Government began canvassing the idea of licensing a third commercial television station in each capital city; this decision was seen by some as a way for the government to defuse growing public dissatisfaction with the dominance of imported overseas programming and the paucity of local content. The first of these "third" licences was granted to United Telecasters Sydney was granted on 4 April 1963.
Structurally, the Australian television industry was modelled on the two-tiered system, in place in Australian radio since the late 1930s. One tier consisted of a network of publicly funded television stations run by the ABC, funded by government budget allocation and by fees from television viewer licences; the second tier consisted of the commercial networks and independent stations owned by private operators, whose income came from selling advertising time. The network was launched as ATV-0 in Melbourne opened on 1 August 1964 and was owned by the Ansett transport and media group, which at the time owned one of Australia's two domestic airlines. TEN-10 in Sydney, which opened on 5 April 1965, was owned by United Telecasters Sydney Ltd, which in July that year opened TVQ-0 in Brisbane, Queensland. Opened that month was SAS-10, serving the city of Adelaide in South Australia; the new television network was dubbed the "Independent Television System" or ITS, but in 1970 adopted the title "The 0/10 Network", which reflected the names of the first two stations launched in the group, ATV and TEN.
Melbourne's ATV was the first station of the network to stage colour broadcasts in 1967, the broadcast was that of the Pakenham races, seen by network and RCA executives and invited members of the media and press. This would the first of many test colour telecasts for the station, in tribute to this event, the 0-10 Network adopted the First in Colour slogan in 1974, within months before 1 March 1975 transition to colour broadcasting. For its first five years, the 0/10 Network led a hand-to-mouth existence. By the beginning of the 1970s the network was in a precarious financial position and there were predictions that it would fail. In 1971, the 0/10 Network first aired Young Talent Time, a huge ratings success, ran for 17 years. However, the network's true financial reprise came about due to the controversial adult soap opera serial Number 96, which premiered in March 1972 on the night that "Australian TV lost its virginity"; the series broke new ground for Australian television and captured the imagination of viewers like few programs before or since.
For the next three years it was Australia's top-rating television program and, not its huge popularity attracted advertisers to Ten en masse, with the result that its revenue increased from A$1 million in 1971 to more than A$10 million in 1972. However, the pattern of ratings dominance was set, for most of the next five decades from the mid-1960s there was little deviation from the prevalent rankings, with the Nine Network in first place, the Seven Network second, 0/10 third and ABC fourth; the gradual evolution of Network Ten into its current form has its origins in the ongoing attempts by media mogul Rupert Murdoch to acquire a prized commercial television licence in Australia's largest capital city market, Sydney. This began when Murdoch's News Limited purchased the Wollongong station WIN Television in the early 1960s, around the same time he bought Festival Records. In 1977, frustrated by regulatory blocks that prevented him from expanding into the Sydney market, Murdoch sold WIN and purchased a 46% share in Ten Sydney.
In 1979, Murdoch made an unsuccessful takeover bid for the Melbourne-based The Herald and Weekly Times media group, which owned HSV-7. Although the bid failed, he gained a 50% stake in Ansett, which thus gave him control of channel 0 in Melbourne. In 1979, 0/10 first aired the soap opera Prisoner, a huge ratings success. On 20 January 1980, the 0/10 Network became known as Network Ten to reflect ATV moving from channel 0 to channel 10 – although the Brisbane station continued to broadcast as TVQ-0 until 10 September 1988 when the station changed to TVQ-10. In 1987 Adelaide's Network Ten affiliate and Seven Network affiliate negotiated to exchange affiliation rights and channel frequencies due to ownership problems. On 27 December 1987, the exchange came into effect and ADS-7, owned by the same owners as the main Network Ten stations, became ADS-10 with SAS-10 converting to SAS-7, operated by TVW-7 in Perth; when Murdoch became an American citizen in 1985 so that he could expand his media empire in the United States, Australia's media ownership laws obliged him to dispose of the flagship television stations, which were sold to The Northern Star, an offshoot of the Westfield Group conglomerate controlled by property tycoon Frank Lowy.
However, Westfield was badly hit by the stock market crash of 1987, in 1989 sold Network Ten to a consortium led by Charles Curran and form
Corowa is a town in the state of New South Wales in Australia. It is on the bank of the Murray River, the border between New South Wales and Victoria, opposite the Victorian town of Wahgunyah, it is the largest town in the Federation Council and was the administrative centre of the former Corowa Shire. The name could have derived from an Aboriginal word referring to the curra pine which yielded gum used by Aborigines to fasten the heads of spears to the shafts. Another translation is rocky river. There are two bridges over the Murray to Wahgunyah in Victoria: the heritage-listed John Foord Bridge and the Federation Bridge; the town in conjunction with nearby town Rutherglen has an Australian Rules football team competing in the Ovens & Murray Football League. The traditional Aboriginal people from the area are the Bangarang people; the tribe of Indigenous Australians that inhabited the Corowa area were called, in their own language, the Bangerang Tribe. The name has various spellings in English, varying all the way from Bandjalang through Panderang to Pinegorine.
John Foord "The Emperor of Wahgunyah", settled on the Murray River near the Ovens junction in the early 1840s. In about 1843 Foord and a man named Bould examined the country about the present site of Wahgunyah and recommended it to John Crisp, the first European to settle in the area. Crisp sold his land to John Foord. With the development of steamer transport on the Murray River in the mid-1850s, Foord purchased a punt, brought up to Wahgunyah by the steamer Leichhardt. Foord built two extensive warehouses. Traffic was attracted to Foord's punt, leading to the establishment of Corowa township, opposite to Wahgunyah. In October 1892, the Corowa railway line opened from Culcairn, it closed in January 1989. Land was surveyed in 1857 at Corowa by Surveyor Adams and the next year the township was proclaimed. In September 1859 a meeting was held to consider the erection of a bridge between Wahgunyah and Corowa to replace the punt. Construction of a bridge was commenced early in 1861 and the completed structure cost about £8,000.
The bridge construction was privately funded. Corowa Post Office opened on 1 January 1861. In 1861 an Anglican church was built at Corowa on land donated by John Foord, it was reported in 1868 that Corowa "was fast becoming one of the most important of the border districts". Buildings erected that year included two hotels and a new court-house. A branch of the Bank of New South Wales was established in a new brick structure at Corowa in 1874; the building of a Roman Catholic church commenced in September 1874. A report in 1875 stated that Corowa as a township "was making rapid strides"; the township had a total of seven hotels. A "private township" had been laid out at Corowa on land owned by Sanger and Foord, with the land selling at £80 to £100 per acre; the Government township, laid out about two miles from the river, was deemed a failure. A report published in The Sydney Mail in October 1879 stated that Corowa township consisted of one thoroughfare containing the business houses. On a nearby hill the residences of the wealthier residents had been erected.
It was claimed that the Government town of Corowa, two miles from the river, was "a vast wilderness". It was postulated that the reason for the failure of this township to develop was the fact that only one approach to the bridge from that point could be obtained; the toll for crossing the bridge was said to be "somewhat exorbitant," and prevented free intercourse between Corowa and Wahgunyah. In 1882 the bridge between Corowa and Wahgunyah was purchased by the New South Wales Government. A Presbyterian church and an Oddfellows' Hall were built at Corowa in 1886. In the 1890s, Corowa was the site of several important conferences leading to the federation of the various colonies into the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. Corowa has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 8 Church Street: Corowa Courthouse Culcairn-Corowa railway: Corowa railway station Steel Street: Corowa Flour Mill Corowa has a borderline Mediterranean and humid subtropical climate with hot dry summers and cool wetter winters.
Joey Palmer, cricketer in the 1880s born in Corowa Mike Walsh, television host Nigel Lappin, Australian rules football player born in Corowa John Longmire, retired Australian rules football player, played for North Melbourne Football Club from 1988 to 1999, coach of Sydney Swans since 2011 Ben Mathews, Australian rules football played for Sydney Swans from 1997 to 2008 Stephen Mowlam, Australian Field Hockey Player who grew up in, played hockey for Corowa John Howard, actor born in Corowa Sam Groth, an Australian tennis player Charles Raymond Gurney, an Australian aviator and WW2 pilot, born in Corowa The Corowa Bowling Club was used to film scenes for the 2002 film Crackerjack. Media related to Corowa at Wikimedia Commons
The Dish is a 2000 Australian film that tells a somewhat fictionalised story of the Parkes Observatory's role in relaying live television of man's first steps on the Moon during the Apollo 11 mission in 1969. It was the top grossing Australian film in Australia in 2000; the radio telescope at Parkes, New South Wales, was used by NASA throughout the Apollo program to receive signals in the Southern Hemisphere, along with the NASA Honeysuckle Creek Tracking Station near Canberra. In the days before the July 1969 space mission that marked mankind's first steps on the Moon, NASA was working with a group of Australian technicians who had agreed to engineer a space-to-Earth interface to carry the video and telemetry signals from the Lunar Lander on the Moon and relay them to the rest of the global audience, estimated at some 600 million people; the actual dish antenna used had to be large as the signals expected from the spacecraft were weak and lost. NASA had to use the Parkes radio telescope situated in the middle of an Australian sheep farm.
There were some background concerns at NASA about using the Parkes antenna technical, as the signals had to go via point to point microwave links to get re-transmitted globally. Based on a true story, The Dish takes a sometimes comical look at the differing cultural attitudes between Australia and the U. S. while revisiting one of the greatest events in history. It depicts the activities in a control room of a radio telescope doing a job it was not expected to do; the film depicts some animosity between the Australian staff and the NASA representative, but they come together as a team when one of the locals fails to properly service a backup generator, putting their part in the mission at risk. They apply all their science skills to reacquire the signal and cover their mistake, so that everything works out in the end; the directors of the film portray, quite what is in essence, a complex technical task, such as re-pointing the dish when it loses the signal's "lock" and deciding to use it when the wind whips up threatening to damage the structure.
The film dramatises the team-work of a few technicians, who sometimes nearly lose their tempers with each other, painted against a backdrop of proud Australian townfolk, with visiting dignitaries hoping nothing will go wrong at the crucial moment. Although based on true events, the film uses fictional characters and alters historical details for dramatic effect. NASA's Honeysuckle Creek and Goldstone stations both had the signal first, but Parkes' signal was used soon after the beginning of the moonwalk. No power failure occurred, there was no friction with the NASA representatives, Prime Minister John Gorton visited Honeysuckle Creek, not Parkes, they did, operate in high winds gusting to 110 km/h at 60 degrees inclination, risking damage to the dish and injury to themselves to keep the antenna pointed at the Moon during the moonwalk. Sam Neill as Cliff Buxton Patrick Warburton as Al Burnett Tom Long as Glenn Latham Kevin Harrington as Ross "Mitch" Mitchell Roy Billing as Bob McIntyre Eliza Szonert as Janine Kellerman Tayler Kane as Rudi Kellerman Billy Mitchell as Cameron Roz Hammond as Miss Nolan Christopher-Robin Street as Damien Luke Keltie as Graeme Naomi Wright as Melanie Ben Wright-Smith as Nicholas Beverley Dunn as Secretary v/o Grant Thompson as Mr. Callen Bille Brown as Prime Minister John Gorton Lenka Kripac as Marie McIntyre Neil Pigot as the newspaper reporter Frank Bennett as Barry Steele Much of the film was shot on location.
The set reconstructing the 1969 control room was accurate, down to some details as small as ashtrays. Some of the "props" were in fact original NASA equipment used during the Apollo 11 landing, left behind in Australia as they were too heavy to ship back to the U. S. Staff from that era expressed amazement at seeing the set; the Dish was written by Santo Cilauro, Tom Gleisner, Jane Kennedy and Rob Sitch and directed by Sitch. Apart from the radio telescope scenes, the majority of the movie was filmed in the small town of Forbes 33 km south of Parkes because of its old historic buildings, in Old Parliament House in Canberra, Crawford Studios in Melbourne; the Dish grossed $17,999,473 at the box office in Australia, was the top grossing Australian film in Australia in 2000. On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes the film holds a 96% fresh rating. Cinema of Australia Official website, thedishmovie.warnerbros.com The Dish on IMDb The Dish at Box Office Mojo The Dish at Oz Movies The Apollo 11 Story on the Parkes Observatory website The Dish: Fact versus Fiction — a quick comparison The dish and the great beyond Visiting the Parkes radio telescope Josh Olson on The Dish at Trailers from Hell