Diamond Trellis (Fabergé egg)
The Diamond Trellis egg is a jewelled enameled Easter egg made by August Holmström under the supervision of the Russian jeweller Peter Carl Fabergé in 1892. It is one of the Imperial Fabergé eggs, made for Alexander III of Russia, who presented it to his wife, the Empress Maria Feodorovna; the egg is owned by an American couple and Dorothy McFerrin, is on display at the Houston Museum of Natural Science. The egg cost 4,750 silver roubles, contained an automaton of an ivory elephant covered with precious stones; the surprise, thought missing for many years, has now been found in the collection of the British Royal Family. The egg is made of jadeite, rose-cut diamonds, is lined with white satin, it is carved from pale green jadeite and is enclosed in a lattice of rose-cut diamonds with gold mounts. The egg is hinged, a large diamond sits at its base, it was supported on a base of three silver putti said to represent the three sons of the imperial couple, the Grand Dukes Nicholas and Michael. The putti were set on a jadeite base, now lost.
The surprise was an automaton of an elephant in ivory. It was the first automaton made by Fabergé for an Imperial egg, his next automaton was made in 1900 for the Pine Cone egg presented to Barbara Kelch; the surprise was described in detail. A small key wound the ivory elephant which had a small gold tower on its back decorated with rose-cut diamonds; the sides of the elephant were decorated with five precious stones. The tusks and harness were decorated with small diamonds, a black mahout sat on its head; the elephant had special significance the design resembles the badge of the highest order in Denmark, Empress Maria Feodorovna's homeland. It was sold by the Soviets at the same time as its egg, may have been resold by Wartski, it was recorded as missing, but had been purchased by George V and was residing in a cabinet in Buckingham Palace, where in 2015 it was identified as Fabergé and the lost surprise by Royal Collection Trust senior curator Caroline de Guitaut. The surprise and the egg were placed on display together for the first time at the Houston Museum of Natural Sciences in 2017 since the identification of the surprise where the surprise was loaned by the Royal Collection for a year.
The egg was presented to the Empress Maria Feodorovna by her husband, Alexander III of Russia on 5 April 1892, was subsequently held at the Gatchina Palace. It was one of 40 eggs sent to the Kremlin Armoury by the Russian Provisional Government for safekeeping in September 1917, it was transferred to the Council of People's Commissars in 1922, around 1927 was sold by the Antikvariat to Michel Norman of the Australian Pearl Company. Subsequently purchased by Emanuel Snowman of the London jewellers, Wartski, it was bought from Wartski by a Mr. T. B. Kitson in October 1929. Following Kitson's death it was auctioned by Sotheby's in December 1962 for £2,400, bought by a buyer's agent, named Drager; the egg was subsequently owned by a private collection in the United Kingdom from 1962 to 1977, was held by a private collection in London in 1983. The Diamond Trellis egg is owned by Artie McFerrin, a successful businessman in the Houston chemical and petroleum industry, who with his wife, has collected one of the largest private collections of Fabergé objet d'art in the United States.
As well as the Diamond Trellis egg, the McFerrins own Fabergé eggs made for the Russian nobleman Alexander Kelch, the Swedish-Russian oil baron Emanuel Nobel. The Diamond Trellis egg was exhibited at London's Victoria and Albert Museum in 1977, the Museum of Applied Arts in Helsinki in 1980, New York's Cooper-Hewitt Museum in 1983 and the Swedish Nationalmuseum in Stockholm in 1997. Fabergé egg Egg decorating Elephant Automaton. "Fabergé". Royal Collection Trust. Inventory no. 9268
Rose Trellis (Fabergé egg)
The Rose Trellis Fabergé egg is a jewelled enameled imperial Easter egg made in Saint Petersburg, Russia under the supervision of the jeweler Peter Carl Fabergé in 1907, for Tsar Nicholas II of Russia. It was presented by Tsar Nicholas II to his wife, the Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna, on Easter 1907, it is now in the Walters Art Museum in Maryland. The egg was created by Faberge's workmaster, Henrik Wigström and is crafted of gold and pink enamel in various shades, portrait diamonds, rose-cut diamonds and satin lining; this egg is enamelled in translucent pale green and latticed with rose-cut diamonds and decorated with opaque light and dark pink enamel roses and emerald green leaves. A portrait diamond is set at either end of this egg, the one at the base covering the date "1907"; the monogram has now disappeared. The egg contained as a surprise a diamond necklace and an ivory miniature portrait of the tsarevich framed in diamonds, now lost. Only an impression on the satin lining now remains.
The egg is 7.7 cm in height. Tsar Nicholas II purchased the egg as a gift to Tsarina Alexandra Fyodorovna; the April 21, 1907 invoice indicated. In 1920, the egg was in the possession of Alexandre Polovtsov, a former employee at Gatchina Palace and started an antique shop in Paris, it is not known. In 1930, the egg was sold along with the 1901 Gatchina Palace Egg to Henry Walters and became a part of the Walters Art Museum Collection in 1931. In 1936, the egg was exhibited along with the Gatchina Palace egg at the Walters Art Museum, Baltimore and has been on permanent exhibition since 1952. Fabergé egg Gatchina Palace A detailed article on the Rose Trellis Egg from wintraecken.nl
Twelve Monograms (Fabergé egg)
The Twelve Monograms egg known as the Alexander III Portraits egg, is an Easter egg made under the supervision of the Russian jeweller Peter Carl Fabergé in 1896 for Tsar Nicholas II of Russia. It was presented by Nicholas II to the Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna; the egg was the second Fabergé egg given by Nicholas II to his mother as an Easter present. This egg is one of four commemorating Tsar Alexander III; the other three are the missing Empire Nephrite and Alexander III Commemorative eggs, the Alexander III Equestrian Egg. It is held in the Hillwood Museum in Washington, D. C. as part of the Marjorie Merriweather Post Collection. Each panel of the egg contains a Cyrillic cipher of Alexander III and Maria Fedorovna and crowned in diamonds, set against the dark blue enamel with a design of red gold, rose-cut diamonds, portrait diamonds and velvet lining, it is covered by six panels each divided by bands set with rose-cut diamonds and decorated with the Imperial crown and Imperial monograms "Maria Fyodorovna" and "Alexander III".
Each monogram appears six times, with Maria's monogram appearing on the top half of the egg and Alexander's appearing on the bottom. An allegedly-missing Fabergé egg known from its description as the Alexander III Portraits Egg was thought to be the Imperial Easter egg from 1895 in the Maria Feodorovna series. However, following the 2012 rediscovery of the 1887 Third Imperial Egg, announced to the world in March 2014, the reassignment of the Blue Serpent Clock Egg as the 1895 Imperial Easter egg, it became clear that the "missing" Imperial Easter egg identified in the series as the Alexander III Portraits Egg must be the extant Twelve Monograms Egg of 1896; the 1896 Twelve Monograms Egg is held at the Hillwood Museum in Washington, D. C; the surprise for this egg is missing. It is believed that this egg contained six miniatures of Alexander III painted on an ivory background and mounted with sapphires. Lowes, Will. Fabergé Eggs: A Retrospective Encyclopedia. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-3946-5.
Odom and Arend, Liana Paredes. A Taste for Splendor: Russian Imperial and European Treasures from the Hillwood Museum. Alexandria, VA: Art Services International. ISBN 9780965495820 Odom and Salmond, Wendy R. eds.. Treasures into Tractors: The Selling of Russia's Cultural Heritage, 1918-1938. Washington, D. C.: University of Washington Press. ISBN 9781931485074 Rubin Stuart, Nancy. American Empress: The Life and Times of Marjorie Merriweather Post. New York: Villard. ISBN 0-679-41347-2. Website by Annemiek Wintraecken: 1896 Twelve Monogram Egg / Alexander III Portraits Egg
Memory of Azov (Fabergé egg)
The Memory of Azov is a jewelled Easter egg made under the supervision of the Russian jeweller Peter Carl Fabergé in 1891 for Tsar Alexander III of Russia. It was presented by Alexander III as an Easter gift to the Tsarina Maria Feodorovna, it is held in the Kremlin Armoury Museum in Moscow. Carved from a solid piece of heliotrope jasper known as bloodstone, the Memory of Azov Egg is decorated in the Louis XV style with a superimposed gold pattern of rococo scrolls with brilliant diamonds and chased gold flowers; the broad flute gold bezel is set with two diamonds that complete the clasp. The egg's interior is lined with green velvet; the surprise contained within is a miniature replica of the Imperial Russian Navy cruiser Pamiat Azova, executed in red and yellow gold and platinum with small diamonds for windows, set on a piece of aquamarine representing the water. The name "Azov" appears on the ship's stern; the plate has a golden frame with a loop enabling the model to be removed from the egg.
The egg commemorates the voyage made by Tsarevitch Nicholas and Grand Duke George of Russia aboard the Pamiat Azova to the Far East in 1890. The trip was made after a suggestion by their parents to broaden the outlook of the future Tsar and his brother. At the time, Grand Duke George was suffering from tuberculosis, the voyage only exacerbated it. Tsarevitch Nicholas was the victim of an attempted assassination whilst in Japan and sustained a serious head wound. Although the Tsarina was presented with the egg before these events occurred, it was never one of her favourite eggs. Fabergé egg Egg decorating Faber, Toby. Faberge's Eggs: The Extraordinary Story of the Masterpieces That Outlived an Empire. Random House ISBN 1-4000-6550-X Forbes and Johann Georg Prinz von Hohenzollern. FABERGE. Prestel. ASIN B000YA9GOM Lowes, Will. Fabergé Eggs: A Retrospective Encyclopedia. Scarecrow Press ISBN 0-8108-3946-6 Snowman, A Kenneth. Carl Faberge: Goldsmith to the Imperial Court of Russia. Gramercy ISBN 0-517-40502-4 Description at wintraecken.nl 55°44′58.25″N 37°36′47.90″E
Swan (Fabergé egg)
The Swan Egg is a Fabergé egg, one in a series of fifty-two jewelled eggs made under the supervision of Peter Carl Fabergé. Commissioned in 1906 by Tsar Nicholas II, the egg was presented to the Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna on Easter that year for her 40th wedding anniversary; the egg is made with gold trim. On the exterior is a twisted ribbon trellis design of rose-cut diamonds, as well as a portrait diamond on the top inscribed "1906". Another portrait diamond on the other end once held the Imperial monograph; the "surprise" that came inside the egg is a miniature gold and silver swan on a "lake" of aquamarine. By winding a gear beneath one of the wings, the swan's mechanical neck and wings move. In Russia, the swan is considered a symbol of family life and the permanence of the bond of marriage; the miniature swan is modeled after James Cox’s Silver Swan, an automaton dating from the 18th Century, now housed in the Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle, County Durham, England. Fabergé saw the automaton when it was in display in Paris at the International Exposition of 1867.
This egg belongs to the Edouard and Maurice Sandoz Foundation in Lausanne, Switzerland
Louis XVI style
Louis XVI style called Louis Seize, is a style of architecture, furniture and art which developed in France during the 19-year reign of Louis XVI, just before the French Revolution. It saw the final phase of the baroque style as well as the birth of French neoclassicism; the style was a reaction against the elaborate ornament of the preceding baroque period. It was inspired in part by the discoveries of ancient Roman paintings and architecture in Herculaneum and Pompeii, its features included the straight column, the simplicity of the post-and-lintel, the architrave of the Greek temple. It expressed the Rousseau-inspired values of returning to nature and the view of nature as an idealized and wild but still orderly and inherently worthy model for the arts to follow. Notable architects of the period included Victor Louis who completed the theater of Bordeaux, The Odeon Theater in Paris was built by Marie-Joseph Peyre and Charles de Wailly. François-Joseph Bélanger completed the Chateau de Bagatelle in just sixty-three days to win a bet for its builder, the King's brother.
Another period landmark was the belvedere of the Petit Trianon, built by Rchard Mique. The most characteristic building of the late Louis XVI residential style is the Hôtel de Salm in Paris (Now the Palais de la Légion d'Honneur, built by Pierre Rousseau in 1751-83. Superbly crafted desks and cabinets were created for the Palace of Versailles and other royal residences by cabinetmakers Jean-Henri Riesener and David Roentgen, using inlays of fine woods mahogany, decorated with gilded bronze and mother of pearl. Fine sets of chairs and tables were made by Jean-Henri Riesener and Georges Jacob; the Royal tapestry works of Gobelins and Beauvais Tapestry continued to make large tapestries, but an increasing part of their business was the manufacture of upholstery for the new sets of chairs and other furnishings for the royal residences and nobility. Wallpaper became an important part of interior design, thanks to new processes developed by Reveillon; the Lous XVI style was a reaction to and transition the French Baroque style, which had dominated French architecture and art since the mid-17th century, from a desire to establish a new Beau idéal, or ideal of beauty, based on the purity and grandeur of the art of the Ancient Romans and Greeks.
In 1754 The French engraver and art critic Charles-Nicolas Cochin denounced the curves and undulations of the predominant rocaille style: "Don't torture without reason those things which could be straight, come back to the good sense, the beginning of good taste."Louis XVI himself showed little enthusiasm for art or architecture. He left the management of these to Charles-Claude Flahaut de la Billaderie, the Count of Angiviller, made Director General of Buildings, Arts and Royal Manufactories. Angeviller, for financial reasons, postponed a grand enlargement of the Palace of Versailles, but completed the new Château de Compiègne, begun by Louis XV, decorated it from 1782 to 1786; the King's principal architectural addition to Versailles was the new library on the first floor. He was much more generous to Queen Marie-Antoinette; the King gave the Queen the Petit Trianon at Versailles, in 1785 bought a new chateau for her at St. Cloud. Classicism, based Roman and Greek models had been used in French architecture since the time of Louis XIV.
The architects of Louis XIV, Jules Hardouin-Mansart and Jacques Lemercier, turned away from the gothic and renaissance style and used a baroque version of the Roman dome on the new churches at Val-de-Grace and Les Invalides. Louis XV and his chief architects, Jacques Ange Gabriel and Jacques-Germain Soufflot continued the style of architecture based upon symmetry and the straight line. Gabriel created the ensemble of classical buildings around the Place de la Concorde while Soufflot designed the Panthéon on the Roman model. An influential building from the late Louis XV period was the Petit Trianon at Versailles, by Jacques Ange Gabriel, built for the mistress of the King, Madame Pompadour, its cubic form, symmetric facade and Corinthian peristyle, similar to the villas of Palladio, made it model for the following Louis XVI style. Another notable influence on the style was the architecture of the Renaissance architect Palladio, which influenced the building of country houses in England, as well as the French architect Claude-Nicolas Ledoux.
Palladio's ideas were the inspiration for the Château de Louveciennes, its neoclassical music pavilion built by Claude Nicolas Ledoux for the mistress of Louis XV, Madame du Barry. The pavilion is cubic in form, with a facade of four pilasters supporting the architrave and the pilaster of the terrace, it became the model for similar houses under Louis XVI. Notable monuments of Louis XVI civil architecture include the Hotel de la Monnaie in Paris by Jacques Denis Antoine, as well as the Palais de Justice in Paris by the same architect; the latter building has geometric architecture, a flat ceiling, a portico in the colossal order of corinthian columns. The École de Chirurgie, or School of Surgery in Paris by Jacques Gondoin adapt
Trans-Siberian Railway (Fabergé egg)
The Trans-Siberian Railway Egg is a jewelled Easter egg made under the supervision of the Russian jeweller Peter Carl Fabergé in 1900 for Tsar Nicholas II of Russia. It was presented by Nicolas II as an Easter gift to the Tsarina Alexandra Fyodorovna, it is held in the Kremlin Armoury Museum in Moscow. The exterior of the 1900 Trans-Siberian Railway egg is made of onyx, silver and quartz, is decorated with colored vitreous enamel; the lid of the egg is hinged, has an overlay of green enamel, is decorated with inlaid leaves of acanthus. On top of the lid is a golden three-headed eagle in gold with the Imperial Crown; the interior is lined with velvet. A route map of the Trans-Siberian Railway is engraved in silver across the face, with major stations marked by a precious stone, forming a belt around the egg; the egg is supported by three griffins made of gold-plated silver on a stepped triangular base of white onyx. The surprise is a miniature clockwork replica of a steam locomotive made of gold and platinum in three sections, forming a train with a length of one foot.
It has a diamond headlight, ruby marker lights. The train has five carriages with rock crystal windows, labeled “mail”, “ladies only”, “smoking”, “non-smoking” and “chapel”; the train has a gold key that can be used to make it run. In 1900, the railway linking European Russia with Vladivostok on Russia’s Pacific coast was nearing completion; this was an accomplishment that, despite its tremendous cost in resources and human lives, brought Nicholas great satisfaction since, as Tsarevitch, he had travelled to the Far East to lay the eastern foundation stone. Fabergé egg Egg decorating Faber, Toby. Faberge's Eggs: The Extraordinary Story of the Masterpieces That Outlived an Empire. Random House ISBN 1-4000-6550-X Forbes and Johann Georg Prinz von Hohenzollern. FABERGE. Prestel. ASIN B000YA9GOM Lowes, Will. Fabergé Eggs: A Retrospective Encyclopedia. Scarecrow Press ISBN 0-8108-3946-6 Snowman, A Kenneth. Carl Faberge: Goldsmith to the Imperial Court of Russia. Gramercy ISBN 0-517-40502-4 Description at wintraecken.nl