The wicket-keeper in the sport of cricket is the player on the fielding side who stands behind the wicket or stumps being watchful of the batsman and be ready to take a catch, stump the batsman out and run out a batsman when occasion arises. The wicket-keeper is the only member of the fielding side permitted to wear gloves and external leg guards; the role of the keeper is governed by Law 27 of the Laws of Cricket. During the bowling of the ball the wicket-keeper crouches in a full squatting position but stands up as the ball is received. Australian wicket-keeper Sammy Carter was the first to squat on his haunches rather than bend over from the waist; the keeper's major function is to stop deliveries that pass the batsman, but he can attempt to dismiss the batsman in various ways: The most common dismissal effected by the keeper is for him to catch a ball that has nicked the batsman's bat, called an edge, before it bounces. Sometimes the keeper is in the best position to catch a ball, hit high in the air.
More catches are taken by wicket-keepers than by any other fielding position. The keeper can stump the batsman by using the ball to remove the bails from the stumps, if the batsman is out of his crease after a delivery has passed the stumps into the keeper's hands; the keeper must dislodge the bail and the batsman is out if he is still outside the crease. When the ball is hit into the outfield, the keeper moves close to the stumps to catch the return throw from a fielder and, if possible, to run out a batsman. A keeper's position depends on the bowler: for fast bowling he will squat some distance from the stumps, in order to have time to react to edges from the batsman, while for slower bowling, he will come much nearer to the stumps, to pressure the batsman into remaining within the crease or risk being stumped; the more skilled the keeper, the faster the bowling to which he is able to "stand up", for instance Godfrey Evans stood up to Alec Bedser. Like the other players on a cricket team, keepers will bat during the team’s batting innings.
At elite levels, wicket-keepers are expected to be proficient batters, averaging more than specialist bowlers. See Wicket-keeper-batsman. Law 27.2, which deals with the specifications for wicketkeepers' gloves, states that: If... the wicket-keeper wears gloves, they shall have no webbing between the fingers except joining index finger and thumb, where webbing may be inserted as a means of support. If used, the webbing shall be a single piece of non-stretch material which, although it may have facing material attached, shall have no reinforcements or tucks; the top edge of the webbing shall not protrude beyond the straight line joining the top of the index finger to the top of the thumb and shall be taut when a hand wearing the glove has the thumb extended. Substitutes were not allowed to keep wicket, but this restriction was lifted in the 2017 edition of the Laws of Cricket; this rule was sometimes suspended, by agreement with the captain of the batting side. For example, during the England–New Zealand Test Match at Lord's in 1986, England's specialist keeper, Bruce French was injured during England's first innings.
England used 4 keepers in New Zealand's first innings: Bill Athey kept for the first two overs. Arthur Jones was the first substitute to keep wicket in a Test match, when he did so against Australia at The Oval in 1905. There is no rule stating. On 5 June 2015 during a T20 Blast game between the Worcestershire Rapids and the Northamptonshire Steelbacks, Worcestershire chose not to play a wicket-keeper in the 16th over of the match, their keeper, Ben Cox, became an extra fielder at fly slip. The umpires consulted with each other and agreed that there was nothing in the rules to prevent it from happening; the following are the top 10 wicket-keepers by total dismissals in Test cricket. The following are the top 10 wicket-keepers by total dismissals in one day cricket; the following are the top 10 wicket-keepers by total dismissals in Twenty20 International cricket. Catcher Glossary of cricket terms Wicket-keeper's gloves Surya Prakash Chaturvedi, Bharat ke Wicket Keepers, National Book Trust, 2011
In cricket, the term wicket has several meanings. Firstly, it is one of two bails at either end of the pitch; the wicket is guarded by a batsman who, with his bat, attempts to prevent the ball from hitting the wicket. Secondly, through metonymic usage, the dismissal of a batsman is known as the taking of a wicket, thirdly, the cricket pitch itself is sometimes called the wicket; the origin of the word is from a small gate. Cricket wickets had only two stumps and one bail and looked like a gate; the third stump was introduced in 1775. The size and shape of the wicket has changed several times during the last 300 years and its dimensions and placing is now determined by Law 8 in the Laws of Cricket, thus: Law 8: The wickets; the wicket consists of three wooden stumps. The stumps are placed along the batting crease with equal distances between each stump, they are positioned. Two wooden bails are placed in shallow grooves on top of the stumps; the bails must not project more than 0.5 inches above the stumps, must, for men's cricket, be 4.31 inches long.
There are specified lengths for the barrel and spigots of the bail. There are different specifications for the bails for junior cricket; the umpires may dispense with the bails. Further details on the specifications of the wickets are contained in Appendix D to the laws. For a batsman to be dismissed by being bowled, run out, stumped or hit wicket, his wicket needs to be put down. What this means is defined by Law 29. A wicket is put down if a bail is removed from the top of the stumps, or a stump is struck out of the grounds by the ball, the striker's bat, the striker's person, a fielder. A 2010 amendment to the Laws clarified the rare circumstance where a bat breaks during the course of a shot and the detached debris breaks the wicket; the wicket is put down if a fielder pulls a stump out of the ground in the same manner. If one bail is off, removing the remaining bail or striking or pulling any of the three stumps out of the ground is sufficient to put the wicket down. A fielder may remake the wicket, if necessary, in order to put it down to have an opportunity of running out a batsman.
If however both bails are off, a fielder must remove one of the three stumps out of the ground with the ball, or pull it out of the ground with a hand or arm, provided that the ball is held in the hand or hands so used, or in the hand of the arm so used. If the umpires have agreed to dispense with bails, for example, it is too windy for the bails to remain on the stumps, the decision as to whether the wicket has been put down is one for the umpire concerned to decide. After a decision to play without bails, the wicket has been put down if the umpire concerned is satisfied that the wicket has been struck by the ball, by the striker's bat, person, or items of his clothing or equipment separated from his person as described above, or by a fielder with the hand holding the ball or with the arm of the hand holding the ball; the dismissal of a batsman is known as the taking of a wicket. The batsman is said to have lost his wicket, the batting side is said to have lost a wicket, the fielding side to have taken a wicket, the bowler is said to have taken his wicket, if the dismissal is one of the types for which the bowler receives credit.
This language is used if the dismissal did not involve the stumps and bails in any way, for example, a catch. Though note that the other four of the five most common methods of dismissal do involve the stumps and bails being put down, or prevented from being put down by the batsman; the word wicket has this meaning in the following contexts: A team's score is described in terms of the total number of runs scored and the total number of wickets lost. The number of wickets taken is a primary measure of a individual bowler's ability, a key part of a bowling analysis; the sequence of time over which two particular batsmen bat together, a partnership, is referred to as a numbered wicket when discriminating it from other partnerships in the innings. The first wicket partnership is from the start of the innings until the team loses its first wicket, i.e. one of the first two batsmen is dismissed. The second wicket partnership is from when the third batsman starts batting until the team loses its second wicket, i.e. a second batsman is dismissed.
Etc... The tenth wicket or last wicket partnership is from when the eleventh batsman starts batting until the team loses its tenth wicket, i.e. a tenth batsman is dismissed. A team can win a match by a certain number of wickets; this means that they were batting last, reached the winning target with a certain number of batsmen still not dismissed. For example, if the side scored the required number of runs to win with only three batsmen dismissed, they are said to have won by seven wickets; the word wicket is sometimes used to refer to the cricket pitch itself. According to the Laws of Cricket, this usage is incorrect, but it is in common usage and understood by cricket followers; the term sticky wicket refers to a situation in which the pitch has become damp due to rain or high humidity. This makes the path of the ball more unpredictable thus making the
Christopher Lance Cairns, ONZM is a former New Zealand cricketer and former ODI captain, who played for the New Zealand cricket team as an all-rounder. Cairns finished his Test career with a batting average of 33.53 and a bowling average of 29.40. In 2000, he was named as one of five Wisden Cricketers of the Year, he is son of former New Zealand cricketer Lance Cairns. He starred in both the One-day and Test New Zealand teams, as well as the Canterbury New Zealand domestic championship team. After his playing career Cairns went on to become a commentator with Sky Sport New Zealand, his sister Louise was killed at Rolleston in an August 1993 train accident. Cairns is married to Melanie Croser, an Australian who works for the sports marketing group Octagon in Sydney, it is his third marriage. Cairns lives in Canberra and will start playing for the local club North Canberra Gungahlin Eagles in the 2011/12 season. In his first he scored 141 including 13 sixes. During this knock his last 90 runs came off 27 balls.
Cairns played for Northland in the Hawke Cup. He had joined the Indian Cricket League, was the captain of the Chandigarh Lions till its closure in 2008, he went on to play for Nottinghamshire in the English Twenty20 cup competition. Cairns was a destructive batsman who could hit sixes straight down the ground and in his earlier days was an intelligent fast-medium bowler. Since persistent injuries have forced him to drop his pace and rely more on his hard-to-read slower ball. With the bat, Cairns has been the author of some of New Zealand cricket's most memorable innings, including his unbeaten 102 to win the final of the 2000 ICC KnockOut Trophy for New Zealand against India in Kenya, his 158 from just 172 balls in a Test against South Africa in 2004. Cairns knocked Shane Warne out of Australia's bowling attack during a 2000 test in Wellington when he launched several sixes out of the Basin Reserve and onto the adjacent street. Cairns held the world record for most sixes in Tests, for a time held the New Zealand record for fastest century in ODIs.
Cairns was the part of the victorius New Zealand campaign during the 2000 ICC KnockOut Trophy where they beat India in the final to lift their only title in major ICC global event. He played his part in the final and helped the Kiwis side, by scoring a match winning knock of 102*. New Zealand went onto win the final and registered the highest chase in an ICC Champions Trophy final, he went onto become the first player to score a century in an ICC Champions Trophy final in a winning cause. He became only the third player to score a century in a Champions Trophy final after Philo Wallace and Sourav Ganguly. Cairns' career-best bowling performance in Tests was 7/27 against the West Indies in 1999, he is New Zealand's Sixth highest wicket taker in Tests, after Richard Hadlee, Daniel Vettori, Tim Southee, Trent Boult, Chris Martin, he is one of only eight players to have reached the all-rounder's double of 200 wickets and 3000 runs. Out of these seven players, Cairns reached the double 2nd fastest behind Ian Botham.
In ODIs, Cairns came close to another double of 5000 runs. Cairns finished his ODI career on 4950 runs, just 50 short. Cairns Test batting average at number seven is the 5th best average for that position of all time; the New Zealand Herald journalist, Richard Boock said about Cairns: "It's not a scientific measure of course, but if Cairns' body had held together long enough for him to have played 100 Tests, his figures extrapolate out to something like 5334 runs and 351 wickets – similar to those of Botham." He went on to say "He was, should be remembered as, one of the game's best all-rounders." During the Lord's Test against England, he bowled England wicket-keeper Chris Read for zero. Read was ducking to the ball, what he thought was a beamer from Chris Cairns but was a well-disguised slower ball. Cairns played in the World Cricket Tsunami Appeal ODI, at the MCG. Cairns played for the ICC World XI and scored 69 off 47 balls before being stumped by Kumar Sangakkara off the bowling of Muttiah Muralitharan.
During his innings, Cairns put a 91 run partnership on with Ricky Ponting. With the ball, Cairns picked up 1–37 off 6 overs. Injuries plagued Cairns throughout his career. There remains some debate over his statistics. In Cairns career he missed a further 55 due to injury. Sidharth Monga writing in 2009 that Cairns' career returns "were a poor justification of his prodigious talent." Cairns retired from the New Zealand Test team in 2004. On 22 January 2006, Cairns announced his retirement from ODIs in a press conference. A Twenty20 match against the West Indies on 16 February 2006 was his last game representing New Zealand, he was part of the ICC World XI that played in the World Cricket Tsunami Appeal matches. The New Zealand Herald compared his retirement to those of Michael Jordan and Björn Borg on 15 February 2006. Cairns left the door open for a comeback, but said "I don't think I could be tempted back". In Cairns' final game, he bowled four overs for 24 and no wicket and scored a nine-ball duck, before being bowled by Chris Gayle.
He missed the stumps in both attempts during the bowl off. Cricinfo describe his final international as "an unfitting farewell" and that "he deserved better". In December 2013, Cairns was the subject of allegations in an ICC investigation into match-fixing, he is alleged to have attempted to manipulate games in India when h
Nathan John Astle is a former New Zealand cricketer, who played all formats of the game. A right handed batsman who played as an opener in One Day Internationals, while batting in the middle order in Test matches. In a career that spanned 12 years, Astle played 81 Tests and 223 ODIs accumulating 4,702 and 7,090 runs respectively; as of 2013, he is New Zealand's second-most prolific run scorer. Astle collected 154 wickets with his medium-paced bowling at the international level, he holds two records – scoring the fastest double century in Test cricket and the second highest individual score in the fourth innings of a Test match. Both the records were achieved when he made 222 against England in Christchurch in 2002. Astle has played County Cricket in England for Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire and for Canterbury in New Zealand, he was a footballer who represented Rangers A. F. C. and good at Auto racing. Astle was born in New Zealand, where he is still based. Astle and his wife Kelly run a childcare centre.
His sister, Lisa Astle, represented the New Zealand women's team at the 1993 World Cup, married another first-class cricketer, Robbie Frew. Born in 1971 at Christchurch, Astle joined the East Christchurch-Shirley Cricket Club, a cricket club that would produce cricketers like Bruce Taylor, Craig McMillan and Michael Papps, he used to bat at number 6, played as a batsman who could bowl medium pace. During the 1990–91 season, Astle was selected to play for "New Zealand Young Cricketers" against "England Young Cricketers". Astle managed just 127 runs at an average of 31.75 in the three match series. The following year, Astle made his First-class debut for Canterbury against Central Districts, he hardly managed to score runs at the end of the first three seasons. During the 1994–95 season he aggregated 663 runs at an average of 55.25. He played three important innings during the season – 96 against Auckland, 175 against Northern Districts and 191 against Wellington. Following impressive performances in the season, he was noticed by the New Zealand selectors.
On 31 May 2006, Lancashire announced that Astle would be a short-term overseas replacement for Australian player Brad Hodge. In 2007 he played for Longton C. C in Staffordshire, he was a part of the Mumbai Champs team in the inaugural 20/20 Tournament of the now defunct Indian Cricket League. Astle was selected for the ODI series against West Indies in 1995, he was again selected for the series against Sri Lanka where he scored 95 in one of the matches thus enabling New Zealand level the series and ending their losing streak after 13 matches. It was under the insistence of Glenn Turner coach of New Zealand, Astle was selected for the Test side and started playing as an opener in ODIs, he was again selected for a five match ODI series in India. In the first four matches, he failed to score, but in the final match he recorded his first ODI century scoring 114 off 128 balls. Newzealand won the match and Astle was declared "man of the match", in spite of New Zealand losing the series 3–2; the following year Astle made his Test debut against Zimbabwe at Hamilton.
In the ODI series, Astle scored a century in the first match and was named "man of the match". All in all, he scored 168 runs in the series averaging 56.00. Following that, Astle was named in the New Zealand squad for the 1996 Cricket World Cup, held in India and Sri Lanka, he scored his first World Cup hundred in new Zealand's opening match, against England, of the tournament. However, Astle failed to score runs in the rest of the tournament ended up with 111 runs at an average of 18.5. Following his dismal performance at the World Cup, Astle was selected for the two match Test series in West Indies; this was his second series after the one against Zimbabwe at home. Until he managed just 77 runs in four innings at an average of 19.25, In the first Test at Kensington Oval, he scored 54 and 125 in both innings of the Test. In the second innings he was involved in a partnership of 144 runs with Justin Vaughan for the fifth wicket, a record for New Zealand then. In spite of his performance in the match, New Zealand lost the match by ten wickets.
He continued his good form with the bat as he scored 103 in the second Test, enabling New Zealand draw the match, although they lost the series 1–0. In the following year, Astle scored 106 against England in the 1st Test of the three–match series, he was involved in a partnership of 106 for the tenth wicket with Danny Morrison, a New Zealand record. His partnership with Morrison helped New Zealand secure a draw and prevented England from winning the test match. Astle was New Zealand's top run scorer in the 1997 Pepsi Independence Cup, a quadrangular tournament that included India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan. In the first match against Pakistan, he scored 117 and took a career-best figure of four wickets for 43 runs, he followed that with 92 against a match which New Zealand lost. Although, New Zealand did not progress to the finals, Astle ended up as the fourth-most prolific run scorer with 218 runs at an average of 72.66. He was successful with the ball as he captured seven wickets at an average of 15.00.
Astle passed Martin Crowe's record number of one-day hundreds for New Zealand during the tournament. Astle's success as opener in ODIs continued throughout the season. In a home series against Zimbabwe, he was more consistent, scoring 351 runs including a century, he made scores exceeding 60 in four consecutive matches and was named "man of the series". Astle performed well in the subsequent series' such
Craig Douglas McMillan is a former New Zealand international cricketer who played all forms of the game. He was a right-handed batsman and useful right-arm medium pace bowler and played for Canterbury in New Zealand first-class cricket, he played English county cricket for Hampshire and Gloucestershire. He is the New Zealand batting coach and has had stints in the media as a commentator for Sky Network Television and the Indian Premier League and Star Cricket, his batting is characterised by innovation and improvisation, notably with a "square on" stance, which he sometimes uses in One-day Internationals when he is premeditating a big hit to the legside. His medium pace bowling is characterised by an high proportion of bouncers – belligerent for a part-time medium pace bowler, his teammates call him "Gladiator" because of his resemblance to actor Russell Crowe his appearance in the movie Gladiator. McMillan made his Test debut in 1997 against world champions Australia aged 22. At the Basin Reserve in 1998–99 he was part of a 137-run 6th wicket second innings partnership with Chris Cairns which won them the 2nd Test against India.
Earlier in the year he had scored his highest Test score, 142 against Sri Lanka at R. Premadasa Stadium. In the summer of 2000–01 in Hamilton, McMillan took 26 runs off a Younis Khan over, a record at the time. To date he has made 3 ODI centuries, the first two against Pakistan, including an innings of 104 off 75 balls, it was the equal fastest century by a New Zealander. The record was broken by Jacob Oram in January 2007 but he reclaimed it with a 67 ball century against the Australians in Hamilton on 20 February 2007. After being dropped for most of 2006, he was recalled to the NZ side for the CB series in Australia in 2007. On February 2007 he had belted a 27 ball 50 as New Zealand chased down Australia's total of 336 to win the Chappell–Hadlee Trophy, he continued his form, scoring the fastest century by a New Zealander and led his team from 41–4 to 350–9 and a one wicket victory against Australia in the third ODI of the Chappell–Hadlee Series. These performances capped off an excellent season and comeback to international cricket for "macca" as he was named in the 2007 world cup squad.
McMillan had shared the record for the fastest one day international fifty by a New Zealander, with a 21 ball effort against the USA. His cameo included two separate overs of 27 runs with his partner Nathan Astle; however that has since been bettered by Brendon McCullum's 50 off just 20 balls at the 2007 Cricket World Cup against Canada. A regular since his debut, his place in the side was under threat after a poor 2002, he finished the year with just 282 runs at 23.50 from his 8 Tests. He lost his place but was recalled to tour India in 2003–04 where he saved the 1st Test with innings of 54 and 83 not out. In the 2nd Test he in turn cemented his spot back in the side, he had a tour of England in 2004 where he broke his finger in a tour match against Leicestershire after a poor 1st Test. Calls re-emerged during the 2005 Chappell–Hadlee Series and the preceding tour to South Africa for McMillan to be dropped from the side. McMillan incurred criticism, along with fellow Black Caps Nathan Astle, Hamish Marshall and James Marshall, from the media for a slump in form.
He was subsequently dropped from the national squad to play Sri Lanka in a one-day series in December 2005 and January 2006. He returned to the domestic setup and piled on the runs for Canterbury thus keeping his name in the selectors minds, it paid off when his brother in law Nathan Astle got injured as he received an immediate recall to the side. His comeback game was unsuccessful as he was runout of 2 but in the second game he impressed with 29 not out out of a miserable team total of 73. McMillan sparkled in the 2007 ICC World Twenty20 in South Africa. During what would be his final international tournament, he was New Zealand's leading run-scorer with 163 runs at an average of 40.75 and a strike-rate of 181. McMillan did enough to earn selection for the Commonwealth Bank ODI series in Australia. On 21 January 2007 he made 89 against Australia. A month he scored a blistering hundred off just 67 balls, the fastest by any Kiwi player, his Gladiator-like efforts set the stage for a whopping 3–0 series win against Australia, the 2nd highest successful run chase in ODI history.
Chasing a massive 346, at one stage New Zealand were 41 for 4 and with Fleming, Vincent and Styris gone, looked well and out of the game. Craig McMillan's amazing innings kept their hopes alive and resulted in the greatest comeback by a team in ODI history. New Zealand managed to win with 3 balls left, he announced his retirement on 17 October 2007 after a Twenty20 tournament wherein he was New Zealand's leading run-scorer with 163 runs at an average of 40.75 and a strike-rate of 181. Citing personal reasons and health problems as contributing factors, McMillan said he wanted to go out on a high, he is criticised for his weight and lack of fitness, he has been involved in verbal confrontations with opposition fielders, only to lose his concentration and lose his wicket soon after. He was famously dismissed the ball after he was recorded by the stump microphone at Australian wicketkeeper Adam Gilchrist after being baited for having edged a ball and refused to walk, when the umpire was oblivious to the nick.
He had joined the Indian Cricket League, was the captain of the Kolkata Tigers till the eventual disbanding of the league. Craig McMillan at ESPNcricinfo
Danny Morrison (cricketer)
Daniel Kyle Morrison is a New Zealand cricket commentator and former cricketer. He specialised as a pace bowler with a useful outswinger, he made his test debut for New Zealand in 1987 at the age of 21 against Australia. He is fondly remembered by his fans for his unique bowling action. During the final stride of the delivery his bowling arm used to displace air behind the umpire in such a manner that it would make umpire’s shirt flutter, his most notable bowling accomplishment occurred on 25 March 1994, when he took a hat-trick in a One Day International against India. He is one of only three New Zealanders and twenty-two players worldwide to have taken an ODI hat-trick. However, arguably, he did have some form of batting prowess, his most famous innings was when he contributed 14 in a 106-run partnership with Nathan Astle for the tenth wicket against England, to save the match. This occurred in his final test appearance for the national team on 28 January 1997, he was dropped from the team after the match as this was the first vaguely successful manoeuvre Morrison had executed.
Morrison's most notable'accomplishment' as a batsman is that he once held the world record for Test ducks. Of the 48 Tests he played, he was dismissed without scoring in 24 innings. Morrison was subjected to good natured ridicule regarding this from his teammates and the general public due to his feeble efforts; this went as far as a tie being manufactured in 1996 featuring numerous ducks to celebrate his world record. He is sometimes referred to as "The Duckman" and launched a duck caller for hunters on the back of his record; the duck callers were not successful. Since his departure from international cricket, Morrison has been employed in numerous cricket-related positions; these include: Commentator on TVNZ, Sky Sports and Fox Sports Commentator on the Indian Premier League Commentator on the Bangladesh Premier League Commentator on the Pakistan Super League Commentator on the Caribbean Premier League Host of Sky Sports "Cricket Company" show for 7 years Host of radio show on Radio Sport for 6 years Charity work including the'Fight for Life' – Meningitis appeal Involved in coaching for schools and clubs Guest speaker Batter/Bowler for the official New Zealand Beach Cricket team in 2008 and 2009 Morrison lives on the Sunshine Coast, moving there in 2006 with his wife and children and Tayla.
Morrison released an autobiography after his retirement named Mad As I Wanna Be, published in 1997. This received positive reviews although outspoken New Zealand Cricket commentator Richard Whiting described the overall tone of the book as'mental', he has written a book called the Danny Morrison Junior Cricket Diary as an aid for aspiring young cricketers. Danny Morrison on Twitter Danny Morrison at ESPNcricinfo