Margaret Alexis Smith was a Canadian-born stage and television actress and singer. She appeared in several major Hollywood films in the 1940s and had a notable career on Broadway in the 1970s, winning a Tony Award in 1972. Smith was born in British Columbia, to Gladys Mabel Fitz-Simmons and Alexander Smith, her family relocated to Los Angeles. Her parents both became naturalized U. S. citizens in 1939, through which she derived her United States citizenship. Smith grew up in Los Angeles, attending Hollywood High School along with other future talents, including actress Nanette Fabray, some six months older. Smith made her professional debut performing ballet at the Hollywood Bowl, she was discovered in 1940 at Los Angeles City College, acting in a school production, by a Warner Brothers' talent scout. After being discovered by a talent scout while attending college, Smith was signed to a contract by Warner Bros, her earliest film roles were uncredited bit parts, it took several years for her career to gain momentum.
Her first credited role was in the feature film Dive Bomber, playing the female lead opposite Errol Flynn. She appeared with Craig Stevens, in Steel Against the Sky, her appearance in The Constant Nymph was well led to bigger parts. During the 1940s, Smith appeared alongside some of the most popular male stars of the day, including Errol Flynn in Gentleman Jim and San Antonio, Fredric March in The Adventures of Mark Twain, Humphrey Bogart in Conflict and The Two Mrs. Carrolls, Cary Grant in a sanitized, fictionalized version of the life of Cole and Linda Porter in Night and Day, Bing Crosby in Here Comes the Groom, her favorite role. Among Smith's other films are Rhapsody In Blue, Of Human Bondage, The Young Philadelphians with Paul Newman, she appeared on a Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis radio broadcast on 25 January 1952. While Smith was under contract at Warner Bros. she met fellow actor Craig Stevens. In her years, Smith toured in several stage hits including the 1955 National company of Plain and Fancy, Jean Kerr's Mary and Cactus Flower, all co-starring her husband.
Smith appeared on the cover of the May 3, 1971, issue of Time as the result of the critical acclaim for her singing and dancing role in Hal Prince's Broadway production of Stephen Sondheim's Follies, which marked her long-awaited Broadway debut. In 1972, she won the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical for her performance, her stage career continued through the 1970s, with appearances in the 1973 all-star revival of The Women, the short-lived re-working of William Inge's drama Picnic, re-titled Summer Brave, the ill-fated musical Platinum, which earned Smith another Tony nomination for her performance but closed after a brief run. She starred in several regional productions of Applause and toured for more than a year as the madam in The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas, including a seven-month run in Los Angeles. Smith returned to the big screen with star billing at the age of 54 in Jacqueline Susann's Once Is Not Enough opposite Kirk Douglas, followed by The Little Girl Who Lives Down the Lane with Martin Sheen and Jodie Foster the following year and Casey's Shadow with Walter Matthau in 1978.
One of her final film roles came in 1986, again with Douglas when he reunited with frequent co-star Burt Lancaster for a 1986 crime comedy, Tough Guys. Smith had a recurring role on the television series Dallas as Clayton Farlow's mentally unstable sister, Lady Jessica Montford in 1984, again in 1990, she starred in the short-lived 1988 series Hothouse, was nominated for an Emmy Award for her guest appearance on Cheers in 1990. Alexis Smith died of brain cancer in Los Angeles on June 1993, the day after her 72nd birthday, she had no children. Smith's final film, The Age of Innocence, was released shortly after her death, her body was cremated and her ashes were scattered over the Pacific Ocean. Private Lives Bell and Candle Plain and Fancy Wonderful Town Mary, Mary Cactus Flower Follies The Women Applause Summer Brave Platinum The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas Pal Joey Nymph Errant Biography portal Alexis Smith at AllMovie Alexis Smith at the Internet Broadway Database Alexis Smith on IMDb Alexis Smith at the TCM Movie Database
Los Angeles the City of Los Angeles and known by its initials L. A. is the most populous city in California, the second most populous city in the United States, after New York City, the third most populous city in North America. With an estimated population of four million, Los Angeles is the cultural and commercial center of Southern California; the city is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic diversity and the entertainment industry, its sprawling metropolis. Los Angeles is the largest city on the West Coast of North America. Los Angeles is in a large basin bounded by the Pacific Ocean on one side and by mountains as high as 10,000 feet on the other; the city proper, which covers about 469 square miles, is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most populated county in the country. Los Angeles is the principal city of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the second largest in the United States after that of New York City, with a population of 13.1 million. It is part of the Los Angeles-Long Beach combined statistical area the nation's second most populous area with a 2015 estimated population of 18.7 million.
Los Angeles is one of the most substantial economic engines within the United States, with a diverse economy in a broad range of professional and cultural fields. Los Angeles is famous as the home of Hollywood, a major center of the world entertainment industry. A global city, it has been ranked 6th in the Global Cities Index and 9th in the Global Economic Power Index; the Los Angeles metropolitan area has a gross metropolitan product of $1.044 trillion, making it the third-largest in the world, after the Tokyo and New York metropolitan areas. Los Angeles hosted the 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics and will host the event for a third time in 2028; the city hosted the Miss Universe pageant twice, in 1990 and 2006, was one of 9 American cities to host the 1994 FIFA men's soccer World Cup and one of 8 to host the 1999 FIFA women's soccer World Cup, hosting the final match for both tournaments. Home to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles was claimed by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542 along with the rest of what would become Alta California.
The city was founded on September 4, 1781, by Spanish governor Felipe de Neve. It became a part of Mexico in 1821 following the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, at the end of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the rest of California were purchased as part of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, becoming part of the United States. Los Angeles was incorporated as a municipality on April 4, 1850, five months before California achieved statehood; the discovery of oil in the 1890s brought rapid growth to the city. The completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, delivering water from Eastern California assured the city's continued rapid growth; the Los Angeles coastal area was settled by the Chumash tribes. A Gabrieleño settlement in the area was called iyáangẚ, meaning "poison oak place". Maritime explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo claimed the area of southern California for the Spanish Empire in 1542 while on an official military exploring expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing bases of New Spain in Central and South America.
Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. In 1771, Franciscan friar Junípero Serra directed the building of the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area. On September 4, 1781, a group of forty-four settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles,'The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels'; the present-day city has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese in the United States. Two-thirds of the Mexican or settlers were mestizo or mulatto, a mixture of African and European ancestry; the settlement remained a small ranch town for decades, but by 1820, the population had increased to about 650 residents. Today, the pueblo is commemorated in the historic district of Los Angeles Pueblo Plaza and Olvera Street, the oldest part of Los Angeles. New Spain achieved its independence from the Spanish Empire in 1821, the pueblo continued as a part of Mexico.
During Mexican rule, Governor Pío Pico made Los Angeles Alta California's regional capital. Mexican rule ended during the Mexican–American War: Americans took control from the Californios after a series of battles, culminating with the signing of the Treaty of Cahuenga on January 13, 1847. Railroads arrived with the completion of the transcontinental Southern Pacific line to Los Angeles in 1876 and the Santa Fe Railroad in 1885. Petroleum was discovered in the city and surrounding area in 1892, by 1923, the discoveries had helped California become the country's largest oil producer, accounting for about one-quarter of the world's petroleum output. By 1900, the population had grown to more than 102,000; the completion of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, under the supervision of William Mulholland, assured the continued growth of the city. Due to clauses in the city's charter that prevented the City of Los Angeles from selling or providing water from the aqueduct to any area outside its borders, many adjacent city and communities became compelled to annex themselves into Los Angeles.
Los Angeles created the first municipal zoning ordinance in the United States. On September 14, 1908, the Los Angeles City Council promulgated residential and industrial land use zones; the new ordinance established three residential zones of a single type, where industrial uses were
Culver City, California
Culver City is a city in Los Angeles County, California. The city was named after Harry Culver; as of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 38,883. It is surrounded by the city of Los Angeles, but shares a border with unincorporated areas of Los Angeles County. Over the years, it has annexed more than 40 pieces of adjoining land and now comprises about five square miles. Since the 1920s, Culver City has been a center for motion picture and television production, best known as the home of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studios. From 1932 to 1986, it was the headquarters for the Hughes Aircraft Company. National Public Radio West and Sony Pictures Entertainment have headquarters in the city; the NFL Network studio is based in Culver City. Archaeological evidence suggests a human presence in the area of present-day Culver City since at least 8,000 BC; the region was the homeland of the Tongva-Gabrieliño Native Americans. The city was founded on the lands of the former Rancho La Ballona, Rancho Rincon de los Bueyes, Rancho La Cienega o Paso de la Tijera.
In 1861, during the American Civil War, Camp Latham was established by the 1st California Infantry under Col. James H. Carleton and the 1st California Cavalry under Lt. Col. Benjamin F. Davis. Named for California Senator Milton S. Latham, the camp was the first staging area for the training of Union troops and their operations in Southern California, it was located on land of the Rancho La Ballona, on the South side of Ballona Creek, near what is now the intersection of Jefferson and Overland Boulevards. The post was moved to Camp Drum, which became the Drum Barracks. Harry Culver first attempted to establish Culver City in 1913; the first film studio in Culver City was built by Thomas Ince in 1918. Silent film comedy producer Hal Roach built his studios there in 1919, Metro Goldwyn Mayer in the'20s. During Prohibition and nightclubs such as the Cotton Club lined Washington Boulevard. Culver Center, one of Southern California's first shopping malls, was completed in 1950 on Venice Boulevard near the Overland Avenue intersection.
Many other retail stores, including a Rite Aid and several banks and restaurants, have occupied the center since then. Hughes Aircraft opened its Culver City plant in July 1941. There the company built the H-4 Hercules transport. Hughes was an active subcontractor in World War II, it developed and patented a flexible feed chute for faster loading of machine guns on B-17 bombers, manufactured electric booster drives for machine guns. Hughes produced more ammunition belts than any other American manufacturer, built 5,576 wings and 6,370 rear fuselage sections for Vultee BT-13 trainers. Hughes grew after the war, in 1953 Howard Hughes donated all his stock in the company to the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. After he died in 1976, the institute sold the company, which made it the second-best-endowed medical research foundation in the world; the Hal Roach Studios were demolished in 1963. In the late 1960s, much of the MGM backlot acreage, the nearby 28.5-acre of the RKO Forty Acres, once owned by RKO Pictures and Desilu Productions, were sold by their owners.
In 1976 the sets were razed to make way for redevelopment. Today the RKO site is the southern expansion of the Hayden Industrial Tract, while the MGM property has been converted to a subdivision and a shopping center known as Raintree Plaza. In the 1990s, Culver City launched a successful revitalization program in which it renovated its downtown as well as several shopping centers in the Sepulveda Boulevard corridor near Westfield Culver City. Around the same time, Sony's motion picture subsidiary, Columbia Pictures, moved into the old MGM lot; the influx of many art galleries and restaurants to the eastern part of the city, formally designated the Culver City Art District, prompted The New York Times in 2007 to praise the new art scene and call Culver City a "nascent Chelsea."In 2012 Roger Vincent of the Los Angeles Times said that, according to local observers, the city's "reputation as a pedestrian-friendly destination with upscale restaurants, gastropubs and a thriving art scene is less than a decade old."
Hundreds of movies have been produced on the lots of Culver City's studios: Sony Pictures Studios, Culver Studios, the former Hal Roach Studios. These include The Wizard of Oz, The Thin Man, Gone with the Wind, the Tarzan series, the original King Kong. More recent films made in Culver City include Grease, Raging Bull, E. T. the Extra-Terrestrial, City Slickers, Air Force One, Wag the Dog and Contact. Television series made on Culver City sets have included Las Vegas, Cougar Town, Mad About You, Hogan's Heroes, The Green Hornet, Arrested Development, The Andy Griffith Show, Gomer Pyle, U. S. M. C. Jeopardy!, The Nanny, Hell's Kitchen, MasterChef, the syndicated version of Wheel of Fortune and Tosh. O; the television series The Green Hornet featured Bruce Lee as Kato. John Travolta's "Stranded at the Drive-In" sequence in Grease was filmed at the Studio Drive-In on the corner of Jefferson and Sepulveda, it served as a set including Pee-wee's Big Adventure. The theatre was closed in 1993 and demolished in 1998.
Culver City's streets have been featured in television series. Since much of the
Resisting Enemy Interrogation
Resisting Enemy Interrogation is a 1944 United States Army docudrama training film, directed by Robert B. Sinclair and written by Harold Medford and Owen Crump; the cast includes Mel Tormé, Lloyd Nolan, Craig Stevens and Peter Van Eyck. Resisting Enemy Interrogation was intended to train United States Army Air Forces crews to resist interrogation by the Germans. Resisting Enemy Interrogation received an Academy Award nomination in 1944 for best feature-length documentary. In 1944, German intelligence strives to find the target of an upcoming raid by the reputed "B-99 bomber". To achieve this end, they interrogate a shot-down aircrew from a B-99 reconnaissance mission, shot down over Italy; the aircrew is sent to Dulag Luft POW camp. The German officers, commanded by Major von Behn use various methods to discover this information, some of them quite subtle. While interviewing Lieutenant Frank L. Williams, Jr. and Captain James Spencer, the two airmen at first resist any probing for information. Other members of the crew include Sergeant Alfred Mason.
Though no physical brutality is used, the Germans at one point stage a mock execution to scare a prisoner. Another prisoner is subjected to isolation to heighten his fear. Red Cross officers and a nurse use their positions to extract information from the prisoners; each airman provides useful information because of their arrogance, fear or naivety. Some of what they say, which the enemy finds useful, seems innocuous but is used by the Germans as pieces to solve the larger puzzle. In the end, the Germans are able to determine the target of the raid and the B-99 bombing mission is intercepted; the intended target is spared heavy damage with the loss of 105 aircrew. The U. S. intelligence officer in his briefing to the surviving members of the raid, stresses not to talk under any circumstances, concerned that the danger of talking too much innocuous conversation can help the enemy. He states not to let down one's guard, that everything in a prison camp is suspect, to not try to outwit the enemy. In alphabetical order Principal photography for Resisting Enemy Interrogation took place at the Hal Roach Studios.
Aside from brief voice-over narration at the beginning and a speech by Lloyd Nolan at the end, the film is presented in dramatic form. According to screenwriter Owen Crump, from the First Motion Picture Unit, the secluded Bavarian chateau that appears in the film at the beginning was a process shot based on a picture post card. After the war, Crump said. During the war, they were taken to the same chateau for interrogation. Recognizing it from Resisting Enemy Interrogation, the two fliers were so amused that they kept breaking into laughter baffling their captors. Stock footage of Douglas A-20 Havoc, Lockheed Hudson, Martin B-26 Marauder and North American B-25 Mitchell bombers were featured in the aerial combat sequence; the German aircraft were a combination of stock footage and models of the Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighters that made the interception. Resisting Enemy Interrogation was typical of the propaganda films of the period produced under the auspices of the Office of War Information; the film was distributed and exhibited by the USAAF to air force personnel but was released as a theatrical feature in New York in August 1944.
In 1950, the film story of Resisting Enemy Interrogation was purchased from Harold Medford to be made in a Universal-International motion picture with a working title of "Prisoner of War." The film, entitled Target Unknown, was released by Universal in 1951 with a screenplay by Medford. It was directed by George Sherman with a cast led by Mark Stevens; the climax of the film is changed to an escape of the prisoners. Resisting Enemy Interrogation on IMDb Resisting Enemy Interrogation is available for free download at the Internet Archive'Resisting Enemy Interrogation' at the Library of Congress Resisting Enemy Interrogation on YouTube
Spy Ship (film)
Spy Ship is a 1942 American Warner Bros. B picture drama film directed by B. Reeves written by Robert E. Kent; the film, a remake of Fog Over Frisco, based on the short story The Five Fragments by George Dyer stars Craig Stevens, Irene Manning, Maris Wrixon, Tod Andrews, Peter Whitney and John Maxwell. The film was released by Warner Bros. on June 6, 1942. Craig Stevens as Ward Prescott Irene Manning as Pam Mitchell Maris Wrixon as Sue Mitchell Tod Andrews as Gordon Morrel Peter Whitney as Zinner John Maxwell as Ernie Haskell William Forrest as Martin Oster Roland Drew as Nils Thorson George Meeker as Paul George Irving as Harry Mitchell Frank Ferguson as Burns Olaf Hytten as Drake Jack Mower as Inspector Bond Keye Luke as Koshimo Haru Spy Ship on IMDb
Hollywood Canteen (film)
Hollywood Canteen is a 1944 American musical romantic comedy film starring Joan Leslie, Robert Hutton, Dane Clark and produced and distributed by Warner Bros. The film was written and directed by Delmer Daves, features many stars in cameo roles; the film received three Academy Award nominations. Two soldiers on leave spend three nights at the Hollywood Canteen before returning to active duty in the South Pacific. Slim Green is the millionth G. I. to enjoy the Canteen, wins a date with Joan Leslie. The other G. I. Sergeant Nolan gets to dance with Joan Crawford. Canteen founders Bette Davis and John Garfield give talks on the history of the Canteen; the soldiers enjoy a variety of musical numbers performed by a host of Hollywood stars, comedians, such as Jack Benny and his violin. The film's setting is the Hollywood Canteen, a free entertainment club open to servicemen; the Canteen was created as a G. I. morale-booster by movie stars Bette Davis and John Garfield during World War II. Many of those cameoing in the film had volunteered to work there or provide entertainment.
They include: The Andrews Sisters, Jack Benny, Joe E. Brown, Eddie Cantor, Kitty Carlisle, Jack Carson, Joan Crawford, Faye Emerson, Sydney Greenstreet, Alan Hale, Sr. Paul Henreid, Joan Leslie, Peter Lorre, Ida Lupino, Dorothy Malone, Dennis Morgan, Janis Paige, Eleanor Parker, Roy Rogers, S. Z. Sakall, Zachary Scott, Alexis Smith, Barbara Stanwyck, Jane Wyman, Jimmy Dorsey; the Golden Gate Quartet, an all-black quartet, make a unique appearance. They had appeared at President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Third Inaugural—and the White House--"firsts" for black performers—as well as in period movies. Another cameo shows Joan McCracken straight from the musical Oklahoma in a strong dance number reminiscent of her dance in Good News; the East Coast counterpart was the Stage Door Canteen celebrated in a 1943 film. "Hollywood Canteen" - Sung by The Andrews Sisters behind titles. "What Are You Doin' the Rest of Your Life" by Ted Koehler and Burton Lane - Sung and Danced by Jack Carson and Jane Wyman with Jimmy Dorsey and His Orchestra.
"The General Jumped at Dawn" - Sung by Golden Gate Quartet. "We're Having a Baby" by Vernon Duke and Harold Adamson - Sung by Eddie Cantor and Nora Martin with Jimmy Dorsey and His Orchestra. "Tumblin' Tumbleweeds" - Sung by Sons of the Pioneers. "Don't Fence Me In" by Cole Porter - Sung by Roy Rogers with Sons of the Pioneers. "Gettin' Corns For My Country" - Sung by The Andrews Sisters with Jimmy Dorsey and His Orchetra. "Don't Fence Me In" - Sung by The Andrews Sisters with Jimmy Dorsey and His Orchestra. "You Can Always Tell a Yank" by Yip Harburg and Burton Lane - Sung by Dennis Morgan and Chorus with Jimmy Dorsey and His Orchestra sung by Joe E. Brown with Chorus. "Sweet Dreams, Sweetheart" - Sung by Joan Leslie and Chorus. "Ballet in Jive" - Danced by Joan McCracken and Chorus. "The Bee" - Played by Joseph Szigeti. "The Souvenir" - Played by Joseph Szigeti and Jack Benny. "Voodoo Moon" - Played by Carmen Cavallaro and His Orchestra. "Dance" - Danced by Antonio and Rosario. "Sweet Dreams, Sweetheart" - Sung by Kitty Carlisle.
The film received mixed reviews from critics. Variety noted, "There isn't a marquee big enough to hold all the names in this one, so how can it miss? Besides, it's solid, it has story and heart." Kate Cameron of the Daily News commented, "It is an elaborate show, but it is presented by author-director Delmar Daves in such a patronizing manner as to make one blush for its complete lack of reserve in singing the praises of Hollywood." Despite some negative reviews, Hollywood Canteen was well received by audiences and the film became the fourth highest-grossing film of 1944. Warner Bros. donated 40% of ticket sales to the real Hollywood Canteen. According to Warner Bros records the film was the studio's most popular release of the year, it earned $3,831,000 domestically and $1,621,000 foreign. Hollywood Canteen received Academy Award nominations for Best Original Song: "Sweet Dreams, Sweetheart", by M. K. Jerome and Ted Koehler. List of American films of 1944 This Is the Army Star Spangled Rhythm Private Buckaroo Follow the Boys Stage Door Canteen Thank Your Lucky Stars Thousands Cheer Cowboy Canteen Show Business at War Hollywood Canteen at the American Film Institute Catalog Hollywood Canteen at the TCM Movie Database Hollywood Canteen at AllMovie Hollywood Canteen on IMDb Hollywood Canteen at Rotten Tomatoes